home, n.1 and adj.
α. eOE haam, OE–ME (early or northern) ham, ME am, ME heem (northern), ME hem (northern), ME–16 hame (chiefly northern), 15 heme (northern); English regional (northern) 16 18– heam, 17–18 heame, 18 haam, 18– hame, 18– heaum, 18– heeam, 18– heyem, 18– hiam, 18– hyem, 18– yam, 18– yem; also Scottish pre-17 haime, pre-17 ham, pre-17 haym, pre-17 hayme, pre-17 heim, pre-17 heime, pre-17 17– hame, pre-17 18 haim, pre-17 (18– Shetland) haem, pre-17 (19– Shetland) hem, 17 haam, 18– heame, 18– heem (Orkney and Shetland), 19– hehym (southern), 19– heyime (southern), 19– him (Shetland), 19– hyim (southern), 19– hyimm (southern); Irish English (northern) 19– hame; Irish English (Wexford) 18 hime, 18 hyme.
β. eME heom (perhaps transmission error), ME hoom, ME howm, ME hume, ME om, ME (17– regional) hum, ME–16 hoome, ME–16 (17 English regional (Lancashire)) whom, ME–16 (17– English regional (west midlands and south-western)) whome, ME–16 (18– English regional (south-western)) hom, ME– home, 15 howme, 15 wom, 15 (18– English regional (northern)) hoam, 15 (18– English regional (northern)) hoame, 16 whoame; English regional 17– hwome (south-western), 17– whum (west midlands and south-western), 18 hoom (Essex), 18– hooam (northern and Isle of Wight), 18– hwom (Cheshire), 18– hwum (south-western), 18– whoam (south-western); U.S. regional 19– hume (in African-American usage). (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):
Origin: A word inherited from Germanic.
Cognate with Old Frisian hēm
a person's house or abode, homestead, dwelling (West Frisian hiem
yard, farmyard), Old Dutch heim
homestead, dwelling (in place names and compounds; Middle Dutch heem
, Dutch (now rare) heem
homestead, dwelling, a person's house or abode, the place where a person lives or was raised), Old Saxon hēm
house (Middle Low German hēm
a person's house or abode, the place where a person lives or was raised, native country, homeland), Middle High German heim
abode, residence, homestead, dwelling (German Heim
; the sense ‘native country, homeland’ is expressed by Heimat
(see )), early Scandinavian (runic: Sweden) aimi
(dative singular), em
(accusative singular), (runic: Denmark) him-
(in compounds) homestead, abode, world, Old Icelandic heimr
dwelling, abode (chiefly in compounds denoting mythological parts of the universe, e.g. Jǫtunheimr
, lit. ‘abode of giants’, Niflheimr
, lit. ‘abode of mist’), (in compounds) village, (more usually) earth, world, universe (with the semantic development, compare Russian mir
, which is attested from an early date in the senses ‘community, commune’ and ‘world’: see , ), Old Swedish hēm
a person's house or abode (Swedish hem
), Old Danish hiem
a person's house or abode (Danish hjem
), also (with different suffixes and different (feminine) gender) Old High German heima
abode, residence, homestead, dwelling, native country, homeland, Gothic haims
village; further etymology uncertain and disputed: perhaps < the same Indo-European base as Early Irish cóim
, Welsh cu
beloved, dear, Lithuanian šeima
family, kin, Latvian saime
occupants of a homestead collectively, Russian Church Slavonic sěm′
person, Old Russian sěm′ja
family (Russian sem′ja
), (with added suffix) Old Prussian seimīns
, Lithuanian šeimyna
occupants of a homestead collectively, all formations with -m
-suffix < the same Indo-European base as ancient Greek κεῖσθαι
to lie, classical Latin cīvis
citizen (see ), and the first element of the Germanic compounds cited at
(ancient Greek κώμη
village (see ) is probably unrelated, although it has sometimes been regarded as showing a cognate with different ablaut grade); perhaps further related to Old Prussian caymis
village, Lithuanian kiemas
farmyard, farm, homestead, village, kaimas
village, rural (as opposed to urban) area, Latvian ciems
occupants of a homestead collectively, homestead, village, although the nature of the relationship is uncertain.
In Old English a strong masculine; the inflection of the word frequently shows an endingless dative singular hām
(in e.g. æt hām
: see ) as reflex of an original locative form, beside the regular dative form hāme
show the regular southern development of the reflex of Old English ā
Forms with initial y-
show development of a palatal on-glide (see discussion at ). Forms with initial w-
, or hw-
show development of a velar on-glide (see discussion at ). See J. Wright Eng. Dial. Gram.
The Middle English form , attested once in MS Hengwrt of Chaucer's Reeve's Tale
4032, probably shows a loan < early Scandinavian (specifically from East Norse; compare the Danish and Swedish cognates), rather than an unexplained phonological development within English. See S. C. P. Horobin in Notes & Queries 245
The word is a common place-name element. As a second element in settlement names, it is apparently chiefly attested in names of the early period and sometimes seems to be associated with the very earliest period of settlement; it now usually appears in the form -ham
(which shows shortening of original Old English long ā
in unstressed position as the second element of compounds) and is probably often to be interpreted in sense
(compare ), as e.g. in Dæccanhaam
, Essex (a
693; now Dagenham). In early use, it is sometimes combined with another early place-name element, -inga-
, genitive plural of , e.g. in Godmunddingaham
, East Riding, Yorkshire (8th cent. in manuscripts of Bede Eccl. Hist.
731); apparently now Goodmanham). As a place-name element it is often difficult to distinguish from
See further J. M. Dodgson in Anglo-Saxon England 2
) 1–50, B. Cox in Jrnl. Eng. Place-Name Soc. 8
) 12–66, M. Gelling & A. Cole Landscape of Place-names
In later place-name formations chiefly in field names, such as (the widespread) Homefield
, e.g. Le Homfeld
, East Barnet, Hertfordshire (1267), Homfeld
, Middlesex (1274), Homfeld
, Hankerton, Wiltshire (c
1300), etc.; compare senses
perhaps compare the attestation of terms for animals in place names such as Phincham
, Norfolk (1086; now Fincham; compare ), Martham
, Norfolk (1086; now Martham; compare Old English mearþ
: see ); however, these are more likely to refer to places of human habitation frequented by the named animals.
The word shows considerable semantic overlap with
A. n.1 I.
The place where a person or animal dwells.
b. A landed property; an estate, a manor. Obsolete.† bishop-home n. Obsolete an episcopal manor.
OE (Northumbrian) xix. 22
Erat enim habens multas possessiones : wæs forðon hæbbend monigra hamas uel æhta.
OE Will of King Ælfred (Sawyer 1507) in F. E. Harmer
Ic an..minre yldstan dehter þæne ham æt Welewe; & þære medemestan æt Clearna & æt Cendefer; & þære gingestan þone ham æt Welig & æt Æsctune & æt Cippanhamme.
Iosep bohte eal Egypta land, þa hy cypton ealle heora hamas for þæs hungres micelnysse.
lOE Royal Charter: Æðelstan to Holy Trinity, Winchester (Sawyer 427) in A. J. Robertson
Se ðæt sæ bisceop a þæ ðær þonne sie him do hira fullan fostær butan hira beodlandum of his bisceophamum [L. de suis propriis episcopalibus villis].
Ne læten ȝe næuere þas hæðene bruken eoure hames [c1300 Otho homes], þæs ilke awedde hundes walden eouwere londes.
(BL Add. 41666)
l. 602 (MED)
He taughte þaym..þaire tithing to bringe Of al manier grene..Of fructe and of floxe in felde and in homes.
b. Without article or possessive. The place where one lives or was brought up, with reference to the feelings of belonging, comfort, etc., associated with it.Recorded earliest in ; cf. also , . home is where the heart is: see .The absence of the article is probably connected historically with such constructions as at home, from home, to go home, etc.; but it appears also to be connected with the generalized or partly abstract sense, in which home is conceived as a state as well as a place, and is thus construed like youth, wedlock, health, and other such nouns.
1546 J. Heywood i. iv. sig. B
Home is homely, though it be poore in syght.
1600 N. Breton 5
I should easily make thee finde the sweete of the old prouerbe, that home is home, be it neuer so homely.
1606 W. Birnie xix. sig. F3
That being preuented by death..he should neuer see home.
1770 J. Andrews II. xl. 72
The Pleasures of Home, are discarded to make Room for Pastimes that contribute much more to dissipate and confuse the Mind.
1782 Gulliver's Lect. in R. Johnson I. v. 9
We have passed our time very agreeably; yet I must own, that there is nothing like home and my books.
1814 Byron iii. xviii. 89
Oh! what can sanctify the joys of home?
1858 N. Hawthorne Jrnl. 24 Jan. in
This miserable life of wandering makes a three days' residence seem like home.
1882 A. W. Ward vii. 223
He was most English in that love of home to which he was never weary of testifying.
1920 Oct. 126/1
He still calls Claysville home, as does also John Miller, who holds down the good old farm.
1957 J. Braine xxx. 237
Home would be an abstract notion—Father, Mother, safety, hugs, and hot milk.
1994 Jan. 24/1
The place felt more like home to me than the big white duplex where I actually lived.
2002 Summer 112/2
I live in different hotels in different cities, out of suitcases. I miss home a lot.
c. With the. The domestic setting.
1838 Aug. 346
We wish..to have the school room and those who superintend and direct it, viewed not as adjuncts to, but as substitutes for, the home, the domestic circle, and the parent.
1884 J. Hall 69
Such spiritual irrigation we must use in the home for the good of one another.
1905 15 Dec. 5/2
You can get wooden articles and ornaments of use in the home, ready traced for burning.
1923 P. G. Wodehouse iii. 36
If there's one thing that gives me the pip, it's unpleasantness in the home.
1957 E. S. Bomback i. 9
We live in an age of colour-consciousness. This applies not only to clothes..it applies to the home in the form of gaily coloured plastics.
1991 Winter 45/1
They are subject to harassment on the job and violence in the home.
2007 V. Smith ix. 297
Prince Albert's death from ‘bowel fever’ (typhoid), supposedly caught from the antique sewer system at Windsor Castle, frighteningly emphasized the importance of good sanitary provision in the home.
d. The family or social unit occupying a house; a household.See also .
1876 ‘Mrs. Alexander’ I. ix. 178
Fanny shall be my assistant, Mills our housekeeper, so the old home shall not be broken up.
1894 H. Drummond 390
Sacred and happy homes..are the surest guarantees for the moral progress of a nation.
1922 W. B. Tucker ii. vi. 77
Then the fires Roared over fat pine knots in big box stoves; And all the home was glad.
1975 R. S. Weiss ix. 168
In this chapter..I describe the changed structure of the one-parent home.
2007 G. Taylor in T. Middleton 31/1
For most of the next fifteen years that home was in turmoil. Husband and wife fought... Harvey was imprisoned for debt.
e. The furniture or contents of a house.
1887 No. 34. 369
The creditor relies..on the power of selling up the ‘home’.
1888 16 Oct. 3/2
He emigrated to America, leaving his wife and children with a home of furniture.
1919 C. Collins 3
Off went the cart with the home packed in it, I walked be-hind with my old cock lin-net.
1954 ‘C. Hare’ 106
‘Mr. Todman..what was you planning to do with Mrs. Pink's home?’ Todman looked disdainfully round at the ‘home’ of his late tenant, the furnishings whose quality had struck Horace Wendon so favourably.
2006 L. Soderlind ii. 155
They packed up their home and shipped it all to Billings.
Extended and elliptical senses.
b. The position or location of a material object, institution, etc., esp. when long-term or permanent.In early use with reference to the position of celestial objects; cf. .
a1398 J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus
(BL Add. 27944)
I. viii. ix. 461
Þise signes beþ iclepid housis, for þey beþ þe home and wonynge place of planetis.
Þai..Of þe ordere of þat odde home þat ouer þe aire hingis Knew þe kynd, & þe curses of þe clere sternys.
1759 Aug. 383/1
This once blooming, this now fading rose, Fresh from its stalk, my bosom was its home.
1837 Oct. 467/1
The illustrious Franklin..tore the lightning from its home in the cloud.
1893 R. S. Ball 295
To rend this stone from the home where it was originally placed.
1896 Sept. 17/1
The destruction of the old art building which is now the museum's home, is a sad pity, but it is doubtless inevitable.
1912 1 June 761/1
The gold in the pay-streak was derived from its home in rocks at a date which preceded that of the formation and deposition of the gravel which overlies and surrounds it.
1964 29 Nov. 81/5
This building is the home of toys for ‘tykes’. Founded eight years ago, this group will repair over 3000 toys for needy families by Christmas.
1991 A. Nikiforuk x. 173
The thymus, home of those important T-cells, atrophies in hungry women and children.
2002 Jan. (East Suppl.) 57/2
Workers tipped the 27 subway cars off a floating barge and allowed them to plunge to their new homes on the continental shelf.
1845 Rules Knickerbocker Base Ball Club in C. A. Peverelly
The bases shall be from ‘home’ to second base, forty-two paces.
1869 2 Aug. 201/1
Kern was the first to wield the willow, and, as usual, made his base, and stole home on passed balls.
1917 10 Oct. 15/4
Faber explains that he made his famous steal of third because he thought Weaver had previously reached home and was not resting on the far corner bag.
1955 Nov. 91/1
There was a time when stealing home was as common as hitting home runs with bases filled is today.
2010 J. F. Winter 110
Home to first and first to second were almost exact in length, but second to third was considerably shorter, and third to home was shorter yet.
c. Lacrosse. (The name of) the attacking player, or each of the players, stationed nearest to the opposing goal. Cf. earlier .Originally each side only had one home; this was later increased to two homes per side: inside and outside home. In the modern game there are three homes: first, second, and third home.
1869 W. G. Beers xii. 196
Home should perfect himself in frisking the ball.
1892 49 746
Outside home, and inside home.
1897 Earl of Suffolk et al. I. 607/1
The three Homes must be adepts in taking short and hard catches with absolute certainty.
1906 6 Dec. 528/2
Their combination in attack [was] far superior, particularly in the region of goal, where the homes worked together with rapidity and precision.
1973 4 Mar. 38/6
First home, Janet Roberts, with her dynamic underarm flick, deserved more than the two she obtained.
3 May b11
Kane, a regional all-American in soccer who has been playing lacrosse for two years, is a third home.
(originally and chiefly in African-American use).
b. orig. Prison slang. Used attributively in various compounds (some nonce formations) with the same sense, as home piece, home slice, etc.
1974 July 21/1
The first thing I did in the joint was to..learn to fight with a home piece—somebody from my neighborhood on the streets.
1984 3 Aug. b5/2
Home slice—best friend.
1985 11 Feb. 10/2
Homeboy (a friend; variations: homey, home slice, home taste, home cat, home piece, etc.) and maxin'..were born in the early seventies on Rikers Island.
1994 G. Phillips x. 136
What ya got, home skillet?
1997 N. Revoyr
2009 C. Holton
Mel was holding the pitcher up. ‘More toxins, Bimbette?’ she said to Sara. ‘Sure, Homeslice, fill it up.’
). N.E.D. (1899) distinguishes between the adjective (in senses , ) and the noun used in attributive compounds, remarking: ‘These uses do not differ essentially [from those treated under Compounds]; but home, being here written separately, functions as an adjective used attributively.’
b. Designating a person who does the specified action or activity at home. Cf. , , , etc.
1429–30 in 9th Rep. Royal Comm. Hist. MSS: Pt. 1
App. 138 in (C. 3773) XXXVII. 1
Tryacleman, Hombaker, Clokmaker.
Robertus Dehytyngton, homebaker.
1579 T. North tr. Plutarch 244
The hometarriers and housedoues that kept Rome still.
1630 H. Lord Ep. Ded.
Informe the home-residers with the Manners and Customes of the People.
1815 tr. V. J. E. de Jouy II. 21
I believe that the good woman would have talked till now, if my wife had not found just time between two respirations, to tell her that it was a home nurse that she wanted.
1876 Apr. 802/1
Our supposed home dressmaker must be guided, as regards style, in a great measure by the amount of material she possesses.
1878 ‘Wyvern’ i. xxx. 184
The paraphernalia of the home-baker should be:—a large enamelled iron milk basin, two wooden spoons, [etc.].
1958 Feb. 11
For the home moneymaker The Stitchmaster Automatic Button-holer.
1960 11 Sept. 15/6
The ideal fabric for the home dress-maker.
1996 J. Lanchester
The omission of a single word or a single instruction can inflict a humiliating fiasco on the unsuspecting home cook.
2009 ‘Zane’ ii. 129
A home nurse would be coming by daily to check on me.
c. Of, relating to, or associated with one's home, household, or family; used at home; domestic.
1552 R. Huloet
Home supper, domicœnium.
1573 T. Tusser
Home wants to supplie.
1601 S. Daniel Ciuill Warres
vi. liv. f. 90, in
Th' ayde home disobedience would afford.
1602 R. Carew ii. f. 97
Afflictions by home-neighbours.
1797 II. lxi. 107
Every day in the ensuing week is taken up already with engagements: the particular Wednesday you ask us for is destined to receive a home party.
1852 ‘E. Wetherell’ I. xix. 268
The barest-looking and dingiest of houses..without one softening or home-like touch from any home-feeling within.
1866 Apr. 113/1
We may learn how much of improved home-comfortableness (I coin the word) and tasty effects may be had from a judicious studying of arrangement.
1883 ‘A. Thomas’ 84
A room that..had the real genuine ‘home look’ about it.
1941 Apr. 306
Finally she had to leave her University post... ‘I could no longer keep it and be a home daughter.’
1968 J. D. Hicks 131
A sumptuous home dinner, provided in turn by the various wives.
1996 I. McClaurin vii. 119
[Women] are further constrained by a social belief that their primary responsibility is the fulfillment of home duties.
2006 P. Williams xii. 100
She's somehow more impressive in her downtime home clothes..than in all her heels and clattering jewellery.
d. That is or constitutes home for a person, a ship, etc.; that constitutes the territory of one's home country. Cf. also .
1594 J. Sylvester tr. O. de la Nove sig. A5
As he sees his ship her home-hauen enter safe.
1831 J. Wilson in Aug. 180
My Bark returning gaily up the glen, All ended then her ocean-voyagings In the home-haven of Loch-Unimore.
1856 New Ser. 1 97
Of all the systems in the magnificent spectacle of order, which we denominate the Universe, that within which the journeyings of our own home-planet is confined, most nearly and most immediately concern us.
1947 22 Mar. 26/3
After some summer-stock experience in Massachusetts, her home state, she came to New York in 1945.
1958 22 June 24/3
Some have long believed that life-bearing spores, somehow guarding the vital spark of life within them, escape occasionally from their home worlds.
2004 P. F. Hamilton xviii. 585
All other animal life had finally been exterminated from the Prime homeworld during the last expansion over the temperate lands.
2005 M. Fox & O. Fox 5
Earth is our home planet and provides all the necessary requirements for life.
e. Carried out, conducted, or practised in one's home. Cf. , , , etc.
1797 E. Berkeley in G. M. Berkeley Pref. p. cclix
He requested his Mother..to order the coach to carry him back to Mrs. Tucker, saying, ‘that he liked her nursing better than home nursing’.
1825 30 Apr. 274/3
We really could not put our hand on any publication of the class, better adapted either for the encouragement of home study, or for premiums at school.
1840 3 Oct. 639/1
The Doctor stated that he had met with equal success in the institution of little home-sewing schools for girls.
1850 Thackeray II. xxv. 251
But this was only a home pastime, and the young school-boy was not fond of home sports.
1886 W. J. Tucker 308
The entire garments worn are home manufacture and home tailoring.
1898 7 Apr. 3/2
A recipe..for the home-washing of lace.
1902 XXV. 686/1
The Home Arts and Industries Association.
1917 H. W. Conn
Until home canning was stimulated by the war-time food shortage they were rarely canned except in factories.
1966 H. W. Yoxall viii. 68
When I first joined Vogue the early demise of home-dressmaking was predicted.
1979 J. Muirden
An expensive luxury which drove amateurs to try their own home-silvering methods.
1990 Apr. 197/2
Some policies offer reduced premiums if you..forgo home nursing and outpatient treatment not linked to a stay in hospital.
2004 Dec. 143/3
Get a home workout going by investing in a Swiss ball for core-stability exercises.
†b. Of, relating to, or concerning oneself; intimate, private, personal. Obsolete.
1650 W. Brough 309
1710 Ld. Shaftesbury 18
Such Confidence they had in this Home Dialect of Soliloquy.
1726 Bp. J. Butler x. 195
If this sincere Self-Enjoyment and Home-Satisfaction be thought desirable.
Is it not a defect in these laws, that there is no guard for liberty? nor plain rule for inward or home-duties?
1855 xi. 99
‘Indeed you think so?’ said the lady of fashion, in a home key very different from that she generally used in company.
1880 A. D. T. Whitney
He knew something of what Miss Ammah's home word was likely to touch upon.
In adverbial phrases.
a. at home
(a) At or in one's house or abode. Also in figurative contexts.Cf. ,
eOE (Kentish) Charter: Oswulf & Beornðryð to Christ Church, Canterbury (Sawyer 1188) in F. E. Harmer
Of higna gemęnum godum ðaer aet ham, mon geselle cxx gesuflra hlafa to aelmessan.
Læt me æryst hit cyþan þam ðe æt ham [OE Lindisf. æd ham, OE Rushw. æt huse; L. domi] synt .
in S. Irvine
Min cnapæ lið æt ham al on paralisim.
Hie sitteð at ham and ne hauen ðarof non Ȝeswink.
l. 64 (MED)
Þis breþren wendeþ afeld to witen here fe, Ac Iosep leuede at hom.
c1300 St. Margarete
l. 180 in O. Cockayne
Þe were betere habbe bileued atom.
a1387 J. Trevisa tr. R. Higden
(St. John's Cambr.)
Þere were meny men þat hadde at home [?a1475 anon tr. at their places; L. domi] suche bookes.
1484 Caxton tr. 11
A lytyl catte which she hadde at home.
?1504 W. Atkinson tr. Thomas à Kempis
i. xx. 168
To byde at whome.
At home ne dwelled neuer one On forfeyture on lyfe and londe.
1573 J. Sanford tr. L. Guicciardini
When the Catte is not at home, the Myce daunce.
a1625 J. Fletcher
v. sig. H3
Charity and beating begins at home.
1667 S. Pepys 12 July
My wife in a dogged humour for my not dining at home.
1711 R. Steele No. 24. ⁋6
The Misfortune of never finding one another at home.
1775 E. Foot Diary in L. Ulrich
I stay'd at home & finish'd Molly's Worsted Stockings and fix'd two Gowns for Welch's Girls.
1796 C. Burney I. 70
A sure sign that your head is at home.
1820 W. Irving
There is still a little world of love at home, of which he is the monarch.
1824 J. Carey I. xix. 366
You have a good memory, when it's at home: but you give it lave of absence now and then.
1841 Dickens i. vi. 112
There was only Mrs. Quilp at home.
1923 G. S. Mason in B. C. Williams
This was her evening at home with her unstimulating family.
1971 ‘G. Charles’ vi. 245
I've tried to convey to you a little of what his life was like as a boy. It hadn't altered much. He was still living at home.
2008 P. Hensher 571
If it was raining as hard as this in Tottenham, then Harold would have stayed at home; he wouldn't be out causing trouble.
(b) In one's own neighbourhood, town, region, or country; in one's native land; opposed to abroad. Also: in the country of one's ancestors, in the mother country (see note at sense ).
eOE tr. Orosius
i. x. 30
Hie heora here on tu todældon; oþer æt ham beon heora lond to healdanne, oðer ut faran to winnanne.
OE Ælfric Old Test. Summary: Maccabees
in W. W. Skeat
Þa englas..heton hine cyðan, on his cyððe æt ham, Godes wundor on him.
Illc mann shollde cumenn ham. Inn till hiss aȝhenn birde. Forr þær to reccnenn till þe king. An pening..& tatt mann shollde hiss name þær. Att hame o write settenn.
Guendoleine he sende into hire fader londe..Þa wæs Guendoleine at hame [c1300 Otho atom]..heo hit mænde to alle monnen.
c1325 in R. H. Robbins
Betere hem were at home in huere londe Þen forte seche flemmysshe by þe see stronde.
He..dwelte at hoom, and kepte wel his foolde.
Men of his burȝ..he by-hind him at hame withoute hede leuyd.
Oure buernes..þat might haue leuet in hor lond, as lordes at hame.
1548 f. cxcvv
That he then myght do at his pleasure, bothe at home and in outward parties.
1597 Shakespeare i. i. 136
No newes so bad abroad as this at home .
1617 F. Moryson iii. 9
The most ancient Lawgivers, got the experience, by which they had rule in their Cities, not by secure study at home, but by adventurous travels abroad.
1678 N. Wanley v. i. §93. 467/2
Unfortunate in his Wars at home and abroad.
1751 in J. F. Hageman
The administration of his Excellency..has been disadvantageously represented to the ministry at home.
1776 A. Smith II. iv. ii. 52
A capricious man of fashion might sometimes prefer foreign wares..to cheaper and better goods of the same kind that were made at home.
1861 T. Gilbert 33
The..cliffs of Mokau..call to mind the chalk cliffs of dear old England—Beachy Head, and other favourite localities at ‘home’.
1873 C. Robinson 105
To all who are struggling to get on at home and yet can hardly keep their heads above the water..we say..come out to this Land of Plenty.
1884 5 Feb. 4/8
Everything..done by the Government at home and abroad.
1908 E. J. Banfield i. ii. 77
Australians cannot with justice complain when the good old folks at home blunder..the while..so much local misapprehension prevails.
1969 B. Rubens iv. 47
And suddenly, others had become like him, as it was at home, with the same clothes and language, with the same shops, the same struggle.
1971 Aug. 51/1
Blacks should stay where they are and improve conditions at home. We should not seek to escape by fleeing to other regions of the country.
7 June (Travel section) 8/3
You can buy Italian wines abroad for much less than at home.
(i) At ease as if in one's own home; in one's element; familiar or conversant with; well versed in.Cf. .
(Huntington HM 137)
C. xi. l. 28 (MED)
He [sc. Dowel] ys nat alway at hom among [Vesp. a-tom wiþ] ȝow Freres.
1531 Tyndale f. lvii
The mayde was at home also in heuenly pleasures.
1548 f. xxxjv
In his custodye, where he might recon hym self at home.
1677 Earl of Orrery 15
More at home, and at ease, and safety.
1787 ‘G. Gambado’ 32
Supposing you are now at home enough on horseback, to ride out alone.
1798 F. Asbury 18 Jan.
I went from the place where I had stayed six weeks, and had received every mark of affection, to brother Drumgold's, ten miles. I felt at home here also.
1841 Dickens i. vi. 114
That kind of acting had been rendered familiar to him by long practice, and he was quite at home in it.
1878 R. B. Smith 376
In politics he does not seem to have been at home.
1885 J. Ruskin I. v. 171
More at home on the hills than in the counting-house.
1908 R. Bagot xxiii. 293
She had evidently learned the language from servants and was, therefore, not quite at home with her h's.
1974 B. Friel i. 56
If you ask me he's more at home with the hooligans, out throwing stones and burning shops!
6 Jan. (Oscars Suppl.) 26/1
When a day player or a supporting actor comes on the set, one of her jobs is to welcome them and make them feel at home.
(ii) to make oneself at home : to behave as if in one's own home; to make oneself comfortable; to settle in. Frequently in the imperative as an injunction to guests.
a1602 W. Perkins
(Heb. xi. 9) 205
Abraham made himselfe a stranger at home to auoide Idolatry; but they will make themselues at home in a strange Country, to intangle themselues in Idolatry.
1786 tr. P. J.-B. Legrand d'Aussy I. 93
Lay down your hat, and take a seat. I desire you will make yourself at home.
1842 July 12
According to the worthy man's hearty invitation, I proceeded to make myself and my companions at home.
1860 W. Gordon 11
Pray make yourselves at home, gentlemen.
1944 M. Laski viii. 77
Make yourself at home, and I'll just wet the tea-leaves.
When we arrived there all the guys was already making themselves at home in the living room. The joint was jumping.
2002 I. Knight ii. 26
‘Righty-ho,’ says Felicity in her jolly Sloane tones. ‘That's the intros over and done with. Make yourself at home, Stella.’
(d) Prepared to receive visitors; available to callers or a particular caller. Frequently used as a formula for inviting company to an informal reception. Now chiefly hist.Cf. ,
1691 W. Mountfort i. iii. 10
Be courteous to all Men; borrow of most Men, and pay no Man; always at home to their Whores, and ever abroad to their Creditors.
1752 H. Fielding IV. xi. iii. 147
His Wife soon afterwards began to keep an Assembly, or in the fashionable Phrase, to be at home once a Week.
1760 C. Johnstone II. i. i. 7
Turning to the footman, ‘I thought, sirrah (said she), that I was not to be at home this evening!’
1850 Thackeray II. iii. 28
The Marchioness of Steyne would be at home to Mr. Arthur Pendennis upon a given day.
In the country a bride's first appearance in church is taken as a sign that she is ‘At home’.
1883 J. Hatton in Nov. 830/2
The President makes it a point to be ‘at home’ on Sunday afternoons.
1927 E. A. Robinson vi. 111
If you were anyone else alive I might not always be at home to you, Or to your bland particularities.
1972 G. Holden tr. É. Zola 318
She gave him to understand that he must never come in the morning, but only between four and six in the afternoon..because that was when she was at home to visitors.
1991 M. Johnston
Mrs. Rufus Cage, Mrs. E. W. Hutchinson, Mrs. R. E. Bering, and Mrs. J. M. Bering all chose to be at home on Wednesdays. Mrs. Charles Dillingham was at home on Thursday.
†(e) Cribbage. Of a player: having more than the average number of points at the end of a deal or pair of deals; see quot. . Obsolete.
1791 ‘A. Pasquin’ iii. 68
He is certainly at home if he makes his next deal within fifteen points of the game.
1796 C. Jones 294
By attending to the above Calculation any Player may judge whether he is at Home or not.
1837 G. Walker vi. 89
The non-dealer being so nearly at home for his next deal, may break his hand, in order to throw a powerful baulk into his adversary's crib.
1877 VI. 577/1
Each player ought to reckon slightly over six in hand and play and five in crib, or seventeen and a half in two deals to be at home. A player who scores more than the average and leaves his adversary six or seven points in arrear is safe at home. When at home it is best to play off; when the adversary is safe at home it is best to play on.
(f) Sport. On a team's own ground, or in their own region or country. Sometimes with to and the name of the opposing team. Opposed to away. Cf. sense .
1833 Sept. 326
The first match Dorset won—‘at home’.
1869 25 Sept. 4/6
The custom is to play the rules of the club upon whose ground the game is played, and the consequence is that the club playing at home generally wins.
1898 1 Jan. 3/2
Last season,..a splendid victory was achieved at home, the locals winning by 2 goals to 0.
1930 5 Dec. 20/3
Clapton Orient, ‘at home’ to Luton Town at Highbury.
1958 Aug. 72/1
The third-place Phillies of 1900 won 45 and lost only 23 at home, while compiling a poor 30-40 mark while away.
2001 C. Glazebrook 210
The red and white scarves mean the Magpies are playing at home to Sunderland.
22 June s11
Mexico is better but South Africa is at home, and the point in the standings will jazz the host nation.
(g) colloquial. when it's (also he's, she's, etc.) at home: used in interrogative phrases expressing (frequently scornful) doubt or a query about the identity of a person or thing.
1845 C. Lever 95
‘And who is Mr. Lucas when he's at home?’ said Owen, half-sneeringly.
1888 R. Kipling Taking Lungtungpen in 99
You..dimonstrate to my frind here, where your frinds are whan they're at home?
1889 33 631
‘And what room is this when it's at home?’ inquired Binks.
1930 J. B. Priestley ii. 64
‘And we can't all look like Mr. Ronald Mawlborough either.’ ‘Who's he when he's at home?’ Mr. Smeeth inquired.
1960 R. Collier viii. 112
Peachy? I have no idea what you mean. What's that when it's at home?
2001 J. Coe
‘Quick and easy crossword’. I ask you! I mean, what's a ‘condition of perfect bliss’, when it's at home?
b. from home
(a) Away from one's house or abode; not at home; abroad. Now somewhat archaic.
[Quot. shows a misapprehension of Italian di casaccio ‘at random’ ( < di + casaccio randomness, haphazardness (a1541; < caso + -accio , suffix forming nouns with pejorative connotation)), as if derived < casa house (see ).]
Ne bið neauer his hus for þeos hinen wel iwist for hwon þet he slepe oðer ohwider from hame [Royal fare from hame], þet is hwen mon forȝet his wit.
c1300 St. Katherine
l. 177 in C. D'Evelyn & A. J. Mill
Þemperour fram home was afare.
a1387 J. Trevisa tr. R. Higden
(St. John's Cambr.)
We beeþ nouȝt at home in þis worlde, but from home and gistes; we come nouȝt to dwelle here, but to wende hens.
Ysaac was not fra hame.
Now hafe I..all to lange lengid fra hame.
1526 f. xiiv
Sirra I vnderstand that thou dost ly euery night with with my wyfe when I am from home.
1573 J. Sanford tr. L. Guicciardini
I come from home [It. vengo di casaccio], that is, I neither winne nor lose.
1618 J. Taylor Pennyles Pilgr. in
Her husband being from home.
1672 R. Townley Let. 15 Aug. in H. Oldenburg
I have of late beene so much from home yt I could not attend ye successe of my water bellows.
1738 Johnson 225
Sign your will, before you sup from home.
1796 J. Moser I. 238
He was continually from home, running from one house to another.
1816 J. Wilson ii. ii. 15
I have been kept from home, beyond my promised hour.
1886 M. W. Hungerford III. vi. 113
Having run away from home.
1886 R. L. Stevenson 23
‘You will not find Dr. Jekyll; he is from home,’ replied Mr. Hyde.
1946 D. Du Maurier iv. 37
It showed want of delicacy to come here asking to see me when my brothers are from home.
2003 N. Barr
For young men not long from home there was no person more reassuring than a woman their mothers' age.
†(b) Ill at ease; out of one's element. Cf. at home at . Obsolete.
1740 H. Bracken
II. ii. 77
You are never from Home, if you have such a Horse under you.
1870 T. Purnell in C. Lamb I. p. xxiv
He was from home with formal and conventional people. The friends he most cherished were men who had some individuality of character.
c. near home: near one's house, neighbourhood, country, etc. Frequently figurative: close to one's own affairs or concerns; affecting, or so as to affect, one closely or personally. Cf. .
1525 Ld. Berners tr. J. Froissart II. cx. f. cxxiiiv/2
Nowe I wyll speke of matters nerer home.
1565 T. Harding i. v. f. 13v
To come neare home, Ioan of Kent that filth, who tooke forth a lesson further then ye taught her (I trowe) or yet preach, was she a syster of yours?
1577 W. Harrison
iii. ii. ii. 13
Peradventure we might haue found the same neerer home.
1657 S. Purchas xxv. 166
No wonder if hee were a stranger abroad that was ignorant of Countries near home.
1667 N. Fairfax Let. 5 Dec. in H. Oldenburg
I doubt ye busines lyes deep nearer home.
The Dr. ought to look nearer home.
1791 Mar. 217/1
That village, which, I am persuaded, would afford much gratification to the Antiquaries, as perhaps it has been a path untrodden by being too near home.
1819 25 Sept. 622/1
To turn a Scot into ridicule is coming too near home, it might by a ricochet, and by a recoiling action, light upon himself.
1875 B. Jowett in tr. Plato
There are whole countries too, such as India, or, nearer home, Ireland.
1925 B. Vanzetti Let. 31 July in
ii. ii. 166
The picture of the moccasin flowers are beautiful. I saw and plucked some on a hill near home in Plymouth, Mass.
1954 C. P. Snow iv. xxviii. 206
‘Don't you like extravagant people?’ she asked. ‘Yes,’ I said. ‘Unless it comes too near home.’
2009 H. Mantel ii. ii. 69
Nearer home, his own sister Margaret..divorced her second husband and remarried.
d. regional (chiefly U.S.). to home: at home.
1795 B. Dearborn 139
Improprieties, commonly called Vulgarisms..[include] To home for At home.
1833 J. Neal I. 62
When he's to home..he's match for gab with anybody 't ever you come across.
1868 F. P. Verney ii
I'm main sorry Master Broom ain't to home.
1873 ‘S. Coolidge’
'Tain't every girl would know how to take care of a fat old woman, and make her feel to home.
1910 3 450
[Western New York] Is your father to home?
1972 J. Gores
White meat don't turn me on. I got Maybelle and four cute kids to home.
2007 J. Clinch i. 11
I expect that woman of yours ain't to home, you running around like that.
e. back home: (with reference to a place that a person has temporarily or permanently left) where a person is from; at home.
1862 E. L. Blanchard ii. 8
So you'd brush, eh, would you, miss, back home?
1891 B. E. Fernow iv. 48
The Eastern man who..plants a few shade trees in front of his Dakota sod shanty, hoping that they will grow as they do ‘back home’.
1903 23 Mar. 7/2
Each of the six friends back home wrote to me.
1965 E. Gruening in C. L. Lokke p. xi
To their communities back home the rushers sent accounts of their experiences, which were willingly published by their local newspapers.
2006 T. Anderson
The take-off was interesting—exactly the same whitewater scramble as that of the Severn Bore back home.
Phrases (many proverbial) expressing love or affection for one's own home, home country, etc.
†a. home is homely . Obsolete.
1611 R. Cotgrave at Pouvoir
When all is done home's homelie.
a1656 Bp. J. Hall
We are ready to say, Home is homely, and our heart is there, though our bodies be away.
1840 M. Moffat Let. 25 Nov. in J. S. Moffat
I long for my own home, for though loaded with the kindness of friends, and welcome everywhere, still home is homely!
1856 New Ser. 1 314
Those two classes adopt two different forms of a very old proverb, which sets forth that home is home, be it ever so homely. One class adopts that, but the other is rather disposed to say, that home is homely, be it ever so homely.
1725 I. Watts ii. i. 228
There are some Propositions, wherein the Terms of the Subject and Predicate seem to be the same, yet the Ideas are not the same;..such as, Home is Home; that is, Home is a convenient or delightful Place.
1845 E. T. Clapp 217
The first essential of true home is, that it be our own: ‘home is home’, is the inspired song of the affections.
1897 A. B. Bruce v. 124
Home is home in all the centuries.
1943 Oct. 5/3
I'll find..my bed in the room above, or the place where the bed once stood, if the Japanese haven't taken it away or destroyed it. No matter. Home is home.
2010 K. Giffin xii. 137
‘Boy, we're two and oh. You sure you wanna be leavin' now?’ ‘Two and oh, or ten wins and no loses... Home is home.’
a1699 J. Beaumont
But Home, sweet Home, releaseth me From anxious Joys.
1796 tr. Dulce Domum
in Mar. 209/1
Home, the seat of joy and pleasure, Home, sweet home, inspires our lay!
1800 E. Sandham 169
Though a ramble of this sort was sometimes pleasant,—‘home—sweet home’, is always welcome.
1822 J. H. Payne
Home, sweet home.
1881 E. H. Hickey 60
Home, sweet home! at last, in the own country.
1901 H. F. Gordon xi. 161
So the returned invalid, with the words tenderly whispered, ‘Home, sweet home,’ started by train, and arrived safely at the Rectory.
1963 A. Baraka vii. 88
The bee gets the honey and brings it to the comb, Else he's kicked out of his home sweet home.
1991 C. Hiaasen xx. 171
Carrie turned a corner into a trailer park, and coasted the car to the end of a narrow gravel lane. ‘Home sweet home,’ she said.
d. (there's) no place like home .
1810 ‘Piomingo’ ix. 114
Home at last—quite exhausted—no place like home.
1822 J. H. Payne
Be it ever so humble, there's no place like home.
1874 27 June 11/2
Many who are incurable have kind friends and families willing..to nurse them at home. For such, we admit: ‘there is no place like home’.
1946 I. Gershwin Paris (FR.)
Don't mention Tripoli, London or Rome; Sing out hip-hippily: No place like home!
1955 L. P. Hartley xiv. 136
When he said, ‘There's no place like home, is there?’ her thoughts did not wince at this obvious remark.
2002 July 59/2
Her friendship with Marr made her realize there's no place like home. ‘I was really getting ungrounded... I really need my home right now.’
. to call (a person) home
†a. Of God: to call (a person) back to faith or a virtuous life. Obsolete.
1580 To Rdr. sig. A.iv
The Lord of his goodnes hath called him home; so that he did not so much delight in plaies in times past, but he doth as much detest them now, and is hartilie sorie that euer he was such an instrument to set vice afloate.
1612 J. Mason 52
He..had seen that the Lord had alwaies called him home againe into the right way by aduersity and troubles.
1612 J. Boys 68
Such a Gallant Augustine was in his vnruly youth, vntill almightie God effectually called him home by a voyce from heauen, crying..Take the booke and reade.
b. Of God, death, etc.: to bring the earthly life of (a person) to an end. Frequently in passive: to enter the afterlife, to die. Cf. sense .
a1674 J. Janeway
After she had done a great deal of work for God and her own soul, and others too, she was called home to rest, and received into the arms of Jesus before she was ten years old.
a1732 T. Boston
I judged them happy, who, having done their work in the vineyard, were called home, and not made to see the dishonour done to God amongst us.
1774 Feb. 45/1
Scarce a cloud intercepted the rays of his felicity, until the partner of his soul was called home to her native skies.
1806 Oct. 473/2
His death..was very quick..;—his heavenly Father called him home; and he was well prepared to meet his God.
1841 20 Mar. 1/1
Death called him home, and left his disconsolated wife a widow.
1899 19 Jan. 96/1
It seemed not death, but peaceful sleep, so gently did it come. When Jesus called him home.
1911 23 Dec. 2
He took up the scalpel, never to lay it down until the Great Physician called him home.
1989 G. H. W. Bush in
25 Apr. (Foreign News section) 10
We will not, cannot, as long as we live, know why God has called them home.
2002 14 Aug. b3/2
Frederick Earl S—..returned to his Heavenly Father on July 29... Fred was called home quickly and unexpectedly with a massive heart attack.
P4. charity begins at home: see .
P5. England, home, and beauty: see .
P6. a woman's place is in the home: see .
P7. an Englishman's (also man's) home is his castle: see .
P8. home is where the heart is and variants: the place with which one has the strongest emotional connection is the place that one regards as home.
1829 21 Feb.
(title of poem)
'Tis home where the heart is.
1857 J. T. Bickford xxi. 235
‘Describe me a home, Willie.’ ‘Well, I should say, a woman of Kate Bently's appearance—’ ‘Nay, I said not a wife, but a home.’ ‘Home is where the heart is, Katie.’
1922 R. D. Paine xxxix. 398
This cheerful, kindly, gray-haired man and his motherly wife said they liked the desert. Perhaps it was because their faces hinted that home is where the heart is.
1976 5 Aug. 7/7
Home is where the heart is, and we should be grateful to those who are prepared to put their hearts abroad for a while on behalf of the rest of us.
2009 C. Harrison 236
I found it interesting that, even after fifteen years, she still used the word ‘home’ to describe England rather than Italy. If home is where the heart is, it suggested hers lay elsewhere.
P9. home (away) from home : a place where one is as happy, relaxed, or comfortable as in one's own home; esp. one providing homelike accommodation or amenities.
1866 19 May 7/3
He cannot too strongly recommend as ‘a home from home’ the Waverley Temperance Hotels.
1873 27 Sept. 520/1
Peaceable and quiet. A home away from home.
1907 30 Nov. 3/3
The British man is a clubbable animal, and doesn't mind paying handsomely for his ‘home from home’.
c1926 ‘Mixer’ 21
It's like a home-away-from-home.
1962 6 Oct. 12/4
The idea is to provide a ‘home from home’ atmosphere for boys between 16 and 19.
1997 Aug. 42/1
A good café is a home away from home.
2010 Apr. 57/2
The Emperor 8-leg bedchair really is home from home for the carp angler.
P10. close (also near) to home : (figurative) so as to affect one personally; (so as to be) unsettlingly applicable to oneself.
1889 8 70
The next thought, gentlemen, comes closer to home... Are we armed, equipped and ready to impart the knowledge and properly instruct the people? I am afraid not.
1905 Feb. 430/2
Our satiro-parodist strikes the reading public very close to home, dealing out quips and quizzes without favor or fear.
1959 24 June 22/8
I wonder, too, if the picture of the young people of Japan searching for something to believe in,..was not, also, rather close to home.
1978 12 Aug. 13
It [sc. the Liberal party] has nothing of importance to say to anyone if it starts fine tuning on its basic principles when they come a little too near to home.
2001 J. A. Brown iv. 123
The negative stereotypes..that some of the older readers..feel hit rather close to home at times.
P11. to be home to : to be the abode or location of; to accommodate, house.
1894 2 Apr. 6/2
A territory which embraces 30,570 square miles, and is home to a population of 1,150,000, 689,000 of whom are negroes.
1945 Sept. 45/1
It [sc. Winslow] is home to a fleet of 68 main line Diesel-electric freight engines.
Forests and dense bushy areas are home to Ruffed Grouse, or ‘Pats’.
1989 Nov. 44 e/1
In addition to its ultraexpert terrain, Mt. Mansfield is home to another whole world of skiing.
2009 J. A. Coyne iv. 110
St. Helena, though lacking many groups of insects, is home to dozens of species of small, flightless beetles, especially wood weevils.
P12. to wash one's dirty linen at home: see .
P13. orig. U.S. you can't go home again: it is impossible to return to the way things used to be; change is inevitable.
a1938 T. Wolfe
They did not know that you can't go home again. America had come to the end of something, and to the beginning of something else.
1969 7 Apr. 54/1
Okay. So you can't go home again. But it's sort of nice just to take a stroll around the old neighborhood, even though admittedly it's not the same.
1989 A. C. Bredahl viii. 127
Clyde discovers the obvious, that you can't go home again; but his act of return initiates the process of ‘stock taking’ that enables him to abandon nostalgia.
12 Aug. 12
The Americans have a phrase for it: you can't go home again. Once you leave, that is it. There are few second and even fewer third acts in the life of an international sportsman.
P14. to play away from home: see .
Objective (chiefly in sense ). Cf. , , etc.
1664 Duchess of Newcastle xxiii. 43
Houshold Friends for the most part are Home-lovers, that is, the He-friend makes love to the Wife, or the She-friend is Courted by the Husband.
1833 5 May 323/1
That fire-side luxury, with which every domestic endearment has associated itself in the English character, has rendered the people a sort of home-lovers, unmindful in their state.
1933 S. Walker 279
It is Caspar Milquetoast, home-lover, bridge-player, and fine fellow, who has put himself on the spot.
1999 21 Mar. i. 4/1
There have been other attempts recently to transform the image of White Van Man from lout to homelover.
1799 May 396/2
The amiable and home-loving Mr. Cracherode was, however, one who frequented the literary coffee-house juxta the Mewsgate.
1856 R. W. Emerson xviii. 298
Truth in private life, untruth in public, marks these home-loving men.
1902 3 June 1/2
The Boer is, above all things, a home-loving man.
1990 8 Sept. 24/5
Maybe he's just a home-loving guy who doesn't like the bright lights.
1850 3 Jan.
There are hundreds of men in this city anxious to be home owners, but are unable to do so, because the vacant lots in this city are monopolized by a few.
1945 G. Nelson & H. N. Wright xvii. 203/1
There are almost 35,000,000 dwellings in the United States. Maybe you own one of them... To the homeowner who is intrigued by..tomorrow's house, several possibilities are open besides..selling the roof over his head.
2006 6 May 4/1
A growing band of Sydney home owners..are facing negative equity as property prices sag.
1884 x. 282
These two weak points, the lack of diversified industry and the lack of home ownership, will no longer exist.
1972 6 July 24/7
Home ownership in cities averaged 42 per cent.
2006 14 Sept. 10/2
First-time buyers are continuing to find ways of getting a toehold on the property ladder, showing just how popular home-ownership is to many young people.
1852 D. S. Curtiss 289
Let us establish and secure as many independent, self home-owning citizens as possible in the nation.
1881 18 June 1/4
The true philosophy of home making and home owning.
1926 July 36/2
The advantage of home owning over renting is variously estimated as equal to four to six months' rent saved.
2005 H. Stretton v. 122
A rising number of the private landlords of suburban houses are home-owning households themselves.
1828 E. Atherstone I. 115
Friend-leavers! and home-seekers!
1911 1 Apr. 12/1
Pandora Avenue Homeseekers. We have the finest residential buy in Victoria today.
2002 V. Coren & C. Skelton xxii. 159
These eager, probably newlywed, home-seekers are forced to pick their way over rented tripods, lights cables, [etc.].
(a) Locative, combining with participles to form adjectives with the sense ‘in one's home country’, ‘at home, esp. as opposed to in a shop, factory, or similar establishment’, as home-dyed, home-formed, home-left, etc. Cf. , , , etc.Some of the more established compounds of this type are treated separately at .
(Corpus Cambr. 173)
Se mon se ðe his gefan hamsittendne wite, þæt he ne feohte, ær ðam he him ryhtes bidde.
Ða þæt gehogode hamsittende, Meda aldor.., þæt he Babilone abrecan wolde.
1596 W. Warner
xii. lxxvi. 310
I wille not aske..why you should home-left Love forgit.
1728 R. Savage 7
Far be the Guilt of homeshed Blood from All, On whom unsought, embroiling Dangers fall!
1752 M. Browne Sunday Thoughts
ii, in 192
If thy Mate, or home-left Family..Thy Visit need, thy lonely Haunts refrain.
a1854 E. Grant
I. xii. 250
The wives were all in homespun, homedyed linsey woolsey gowns.
1866 ‘G. Eliot’ I. ii. 55
Various home-filled bottles.
1909 3 Nov. 9/3
Those determined that loved ones far away shall share in the home-chopped suet, home-stoned raisins and home-beat eggs.
1917 H. E. Bennett xx. 222
Particularly in contending against home-formed and home-encouraged habits of speech is eternal vigilance the price of thoroughness and economy.
1970 16 Dec. 12
A house-owning, two-car, fashion-conscious, home-entertaining, overseas-holidaying middle class.
2000 Oct. 83/1
We used a home-constructed turntable with incremental hash marks around its 360-degree perimeter.
1812 E. M. Ward viii. 52
Keep regular tenor of his onward pace, Till safe arrived at home-abiding place.
1886 M. Howitt in 545
The home-abiding poet Whittier.
1987 30 357
There are practically no home-abiding housewives in Estonia.
1750 ix. 118
Take of new Cow's milk, and oatmeal tea or barley-water..and with the crumbs of a fine roll or bread (if home baked the better) make it of a proper consistence.
1816 J. Austen II. ix. 186
The finest looking home-baked apples I ever saw in my life.
1870 J. R. Lowell 251
The home-baked Saxon loaf.
2000 G. Smith in N. Hornby 31
And after, fruit pie and custard or cream. A proper, home-baked pie, mind you—none of your tins and packets.
1920 May 387
British and American home-based bombers made..day or night raids.
1995 Sept. 93/1
Neighborhood coffee shops and corner cafés have also opened, becoming watering holes where home-based workers socialize and ‘network’.
1873 24 June 386/2
Let us have home-canned fruits and home-made pickles, by all means.
1979 Sept. 48/2
The deadly botulin toxin thrives primarily in improperly home-canned low-acid fruits and vegetables, meat, poultry, and fish.
2008 S. P. Dowdney i. 19
A home-canned vegetable is not fresher or better than a store bought fresh one, even one that has traveled thousands of miles over several weeks.
1835 Rep. Select Comm. Hand-loom Weavers' Petitions 27 in (H.C. 341) XIII. 1
Are not a great part of our home-consumed goods those of the hand-loom?
1904 27 Dec. 4/3
A considerable proportion of export tonnage besides home-consumed manufactures..is conveyed by horse-drawn vehicles.
2002 F. Tarp et al. 103/1
Home-consumed goods are..valued at producer prices, while marketed goods are valued at purchaser prices.
1751 May 203/2
I have had the goodness of our home-cured herrings.
1863 E. C. Gaskell Cousin Phillis i, in Nov. 619
I handled and weighed in my fancy the home-cured ham.
Breakfast was home-cured ham, thick, well grilled, with eggs and tomato.
1991 M. C. Blew
She heats a skillet and begins to cook a meal. Home-cured salt pork, home-canned beans and tomatoes.
1782 23 Mar.
Even of his home-killed mutton and beef, if, by way of regale, he indulges in a joint of it fresh, all the rest is salted.
1906 20 Sept. 6/1
Not even an expert could tell the difference between home-bred and home-killed meat unless he were on the spot.
a1978 S. T. Warner
There would be no more..spices to redeem home-killed mutton from the aroma of decay.
1728 J. Browne 16
Let the Ship be built of home produced Materials or not.
1863 Sept. 270/3
We found that a large proportion of the families in that State depended mainly upon home-produced sorghum syrup for family sweetening.
1966 28 Mar. (Austral. Suppl.) p. v/6
Home-produced crude oil.
1994 July 64/1
Dinner and home-produced wines were taken at a long wooden table.
It is true, a small Proportion of the home-rais'd Flax comes to the Market.
1866 I. 103
Everything was either home-made or home-raised.
2007 May 206/3
Watching his wife Claudia's nonna cook her own home-raised rabbits every Sunday on the wood stove in her kitchen.
1769 Apr. 152/1
Home-rear'd poultry's oft your fare.
1886 Ld. Walsingham & R. Payne-Gallwey (Badminton Libr. of Sports & Pastimes) I. 3
Home reared birds.
2004 H. Fearnley-Whittingstall ix. 193
The kidneys of my own home-reared pigs, eaten on the day of slaughter, are one of my favourite of all offally treats.
1790 J. Naismith ii. v. 243
The advantage was rather in favour of the home saved seed.
1872 21 Nov. 399/1
Lord Hawke..says that his own home-saved bulbs have suffered very much, his imported ones not so much.
1939 16 Oct. 2/7
Those who have not any home-saved seeds on hand should order some at once.
2000 18 Feb. 56/4
Most cereal seed is home-saved. But bad lodging in oilseed rape several years ago persuaded them to switch to blends of bought-in varieties which are then mixed.
1797 S. T. Coleridge Let. Mar. in
All my compositions have the same amiable home-staying propensity.
1854 H. D. Thoreau 170
I the home-staying, laborious native.
1905 9 June 8/5
The home-staying Englishman.
2004 J. Scott in J. Scott et al. vii. 115
A study of ‘homestaying’ children in Norway.
1597 H. Lok sig. Xviiiv
Such home-wouen robes, such wholesome dyet these.
1888 36 769/1
Home-woven hats, or knitted caps.
2001 L. Ulrich viii. 281
Country girls wore calico gowns on Sunday and home-woven ‘tyers’ over homemade gowns during the week.
1841 15 Mar. 155/1
Thy home-sweet looks of beauty.
1882 H. S. Holland
Its dear shores and home-sweet hills.
1995 W. H. Gass
Words, then, gentlemen—not in Mother's homesweet mottoes, but in the miseries of history.
d. With past participles, forming adjectives with the sense ‘by, with, or to one's home’, as home-begotten, home-rooted, home-tied, etc.
1596 G. Markham sig. B
Shee of her home-begotten woes bemoanes the wronged case.
1605 M. Drayton sig. Ii5
1823 T. Moore 104
Calm, wedded affection, that home-rooted plant.
1853 T. N. Talfourd iv. iii
We'll ensure one hour of home-fraught comfort.
1897 30 Mar. 8/2
Work amongst the home-tied and crippled children of London.
1902 Nov. 847/2
And the autumn passed—a smiling, radiant season that was balm to Harriet's home-rooted soul.
1982 M. P. Ryan
The problem of sending home-sheltered young men and women into an increasingly complex society.
1987 11 May 23/7
Mobility can mean the difference between the freedom of an active social life and a lonely hometied existence.
1996 E. D. Hirsch iv. 91
The home-provided background knowledge of advantaged students helps make them quicker and more academically advanced than their less-advantaged classmates.
C2. Numerous compounds listed here may equally be interpreted as special uses of Branch
home address n. the address of one's home.
1847 13 Mar.
The officers or persons belonging to the Squadron, wishing to subscribe for the Californian, by giving us their home address, can have their papers regularly.
1886 M. W. Hungerford
If you will give me his home address.
2002 2 Aug. 30/3
Inquiries are made in an effort to trace Wilson who is not at his home address.
home and contents adj. Insurance designating a policy insuring against damage to or loss of a house or its contents; cf. ,
1969 29 Nov. 35/2
It soon became the practice to ask for the customer's home and contents insurance as a condition to provision of coverage for his car.
1980 1 Dec. 9/2
Home and Contents insurance covers everything from your house to the smallest item inside which you consider valuable enough to protect.
18 Oct. 8
The requirement an insured dwelling remain occupied was a common inclusion on home and contents policies.
home banking n. orig. U.S. (the use of) a banking facility in which the account holder may carry out banking transactions from home, (now) esp. by means of a home computer, a telephone (cf. ), or through a cable television network.
1955 22 Feb.
Enjoy our ‘Red Line Special Bank-By-Mail’ service, providing complete home banking.
24 Jan. 8
Ultimate growth of home banking awaits resolution of legal & technical issues.
1984 23 Oct. i. 8/6
Mentioning his own company's telebroking service, Mr Baughan said home banking and home broking would soon be linked.
1995 8 May 71/2
A ‘home banking’ empire, a digital dreamland where you'll apply for loans, pay bills and buy mutual funds from your living room with a click of the mouse.
home beat n.
(a) Hunting a huntsman's local beat ();
(b) a regular beat patrolled by a local police officer; frequently attributive.
1839 Sept. 491
Since we have pretty well exhausted our home beats, and I have heard that some ground, about ten miles distant, is in prime order, I have determined to take a try there.
1901 23 Aug. 12/1
Policemen to travel home beats.
1924 12 Aug. 4/6
Owing to the death of Mr. Charles Goring,..a share is offered in this year's shoot of the home beat.
1972 8 Nov. 21/1
The five-year-old adoption by the Met of the Accrington home beat scheme that attempted to introduce into the towns the principle of the village policeman.
1994 J. Gierach
We trudged back to the hut on the Home beat for lunch.
2005 G. Towers iii. 66
Many local authorities have set up neighbourhood offices to deliver some of their services, while the Police have established ‘Neighbourhood Watch’ and ‘Home Beat’ policing.
homebird n. a domestic bird; a native bird as opposed to one on migration; (chiefly figurative) a person who prefers staying at home to going out or travelling; a homebody.
1703 W. Freke xxix. 186
Home Birds live not out half their time.
1821 A. Moore II. v. 88
You know we are always home birds, therefore come whenever you can prevail on Lady Wyedale to part with you.
1886 F. W. Robinson II. xx. 101
I was too much of a home-bird to be satisfied with the change.
1902 N. Everitt xii. 137
The semi-tame home birds should have made their presence known to the migratory fowl.
1994 J. Kelman 160
He wasnay a homebird. He wasnay used to it. So he liked going out, he liked the pub, no just for the bevy, he liked the crack as well.
home birth n.
(a) native origin (now rare);
(b) childbirth which takes place at home rather than in a hospital, maternity unit, etc.; an instance of this.
1846 16 Dec. 2/3
It is a disgrace to our public, that they have not turned out en masse to the patronage of such talent of home birth.
1868 25 Aug. 193/2
The mortality in these hospitals can be compared with that which took place in the remaining 18,992, or the home births, in the Dublin district.
1910 7 Apr. ii. 4/3
We suggest appropriating every idea, whether it is of home birth or of foreign origin.
It covers hygiene and diet of pregnancy, clothing, simple and inexpensive preparations for a home birth, and the early care and training of the baby.
2006 M. Wagner viii. 193
A woman in the Netherlands having a low-risk pregnancy can choose to give birth at home or in the hospital, but there are significant incentives for choosing home birth.
home boarder n. British a child who lives at home but attends a school where other pupils board; a day boy or girl.
Some of the boys are boarders, and others come to the school as home-boarders.
1905 H. A. Vachell xi. 228
He wished to educate his only son at Harrow as a ‘Home-Boarder’, or day-boy.
2003 E. R. Lambert iii. 93
As a home boarder at Westminster School he distinguished himself academically.
home brand n. and adj. now chiefly Australian and New Zealand
(a) n. = ;
(b) adj. =
1901 18 Feb. 10/7
Soap. Home brand—buy a box and season hard—reg'ly 6 cakes 25c.
1951 23 Nov. 6/3
The equipment for turning out a home brand, but effective, supply of dynamite sticks.
1960 21 Sept. 23/2
Try our delicious home brands, and save money.
Unbranded paints, or home brand paints, from supermarket or hardware chains were often considerably cheaper.
2004 A. Haynes 56
Home brands at major supermarkets and department stores are usually a cheaper option.
2011 B. J. Bryant & K. M. Knights
The generic or ‘home-brand’ product is often as effective as the ‘upmarket’ brand name product.
(a) a person who is blamed for the break-up of a marriage or similar long-term relationship; a home-wrecker;
(b) a housebreaker, a burglar.
1864 3rd Ser. 155/2
There are laws for the house-breaker who breaks a door, but none for the home-breaker who breaks the heart.
1919 2 Jan. 61/1
People have wanted weapons for home defense since the first cave man discouraged the first home breaker with a club.
1928 2 Sept. 17/1
As a home-breaker woman is..as good as a man.
2001 D. Jacobs 217
Armed with righteous indignation, Mary strode off to assail this home breaker with her crimes.
2008 S. King
And why an electric fence in the first place? The Motherfucker had spouted a lot of bullshit having to do with discouraging potential home-breakers.
(a) housebreaking, burglary;
(b) the break-up of a household or family; the action of causing such a break-up; home-wrecking.
1849 12 528
Murder, robbery, theft, and home-breaking, were at the same time declared to be unbailable offences.
1873 Dec. 730
I see the heart-break of the home-breaking falling upon, but powerless to spoil, my new content.
1907 18 June 3/6
Home-breaking is a more serious offence against society than house-breaking.
1980 L. Auchincloss
I had more deplored him for weakness than condemned him for home breaking.
1995 F. E. Zimring & G. Hawkins
The fear of homebreaking associated with burglary is apparently downplayed.
home breeze n. now rare a breeze blowing towards one's home or country; (also) a breeze blowing from home.
1825 E. Tailor 10
Her full sails catch the home-breeze joyfully.
1893 A. Webster 118
The dear home breezes blow to me Over the well-known meadows.
1913 J. K. Lawson 30
As thrills the sailor's heart some chime By soft home-breezes borne along.
home buyer n.
(a) a person who buys goods produced in his or her own country;
(b) a person who is buying a home.
1774 R. Hotham 30
Revenue is most essentially injured by this illicit trade, as well as all home buyers.
1893 29 Apr. 279/2
Just beyond this circle is the golden zone for home buyers.
1921 21 Apr. 1071/2
Many foreign inquiries have come in recently at machine tool shops, and considerable business has been done; but home buyers are holding back contracts.
1973 6 Oct. 1/1
A plan to help young home-buyers is likely to be announced within the next week.
1996 13 Oct. (Business section) 10/1
During the recent housing slump, experts advised homebuyers to nest, rather than invest.
home care n.
(a) (in plural) domestic cares or worries;
(b) care, esp. medical care, given or received at home; frequently attributive.
1625 W. Laud 47
He may haue leisure from Home-Cares.
1838 Sept. 205
Is it not true that as our schools become more perfect, there is less home care and instruction?
1841 E. C. Grey I. xxi. 274
Leaving behind, for a brief space, all home cares and vexations.
1900 Jan. 283/1
Home care of the sick is an important branch of domestic science.
1961 17 Mar. 352
The great increase of home-care cases that must follow the demolition of the mental hospitals.
1974 28 Mar. 58
Aretha Franklin stayed at the posh downtown Sherry Netherland Hotel to be away from home cares.
2007 M. K. Aronson & M. B. Weiner xi. 147
Respite services can also be provided with home care, using a temporary, twenty-four-hour, live-in aide.
home carer n.
(a) U.S. a person who runs a household, a homemaker (now rare);
(b) a person who provides home care ().
1899 16 June 6/5
Nothing can be prettier and more convenient for home-carer's wear in these hot-weather times, than the two-piece striped print chintz suits we have just put on sale.
1929 J. A. Hill xv. 150
Families in which the father and the only daughter are working and the mother is the home carer.
1981 15 Oct. 86
Home carers and home care workers. 27 October, 2.15 pm. Meeting organised by the London Social Services Research Group.
2007 G. Smith xvi. 219
Home carers provide crucial support to their loved ones, often for years and under very difficult circumstances.
home chapter n.
(a) a division of a literary work devoted to the home (rare);
(b) the branch of an organization or society of which one is a member.
1790 H. Walpole Let. 3 July in M. Berry
The home-chapter will be dull as usual. The Boydels and Nichols's breakfasted here yesterday, in return for their civilities at the Shakespeare Gallery.
Eminently qualified for the station of High Priest by his unrivalled rendering of the ritual, he served many terms in his home Chapter.
1937 16 Oct. i. 5/6
Dr. Overton H. Mennet of Los Angeles, recently elected National Commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, was honored yesterday by his home chapter.
(Martha Stewart Living)
The home chapter is made up of maintenance and repair information, home-improvement hints, and clothing-care advice.
2005 E. D. Hopkins iv. 74
I worked for two weeks in Winston-Salem, where my home chapter was organizing a grand free food giveaway in the housing project closest to our office.
home circle n.
(a) a person's close family or friends;
(b) Spiritualism a private seance conducted by a group of friends or family members (now hist.).In quot. : a domestic (as opposed to foreign) sphere of activity.
How much to be lamented, that in our home-circle of business..the like division of good and bad was not as equally made!
1791 W. Combe V. 228
What may be called the home circle of his particular friends.
1841 Dickens 16 Mar.
With love to all your home circle, and from all mine.
1853 Sept. 89/2
They [sc. unexplained sounds] occur in the privacy of home circles, and where an earnest desire exists not to encounter publicity, but to ascertain..the cause of a phenomena to them inexplicable.
1875 Apr. 163
We would suggest to those who wish to know the truth of these manifestations, for a few friends to form ‘a home circle’, according to directions on the cover of the Magazine.
1917 C. S. Cooper
Many of their happiest hours are spent within the home-circles.
2000 13 May d5/3
Each and every family member needs to maintain a bond with all the other persons in their home circle.
2004 S. McMullin ix. 163
The spirits visiting the Lacey home circle reflected a sympathy for socialism.
Home Circuit n.
(also with lower-case initials)
British Law (now hist.) the judicial circuit having London as its centre; see .In 1876 the Home Circuit, then comprising Sussex, Kent, Essex, and Hertfordshire, was merged with the Norfolk Circuit and renamed the South Eastern Circuit.
1664 7 July
For the Home-Circuit, The Lord Chief-Justice Bridgeman, and Mr. Justice Browne.
1772 July 339/1
England is divided into the six following circuits; namely, the home circuit, the Norfolk circuit, the Oxford circuit, the midland, the western circuit, and the northern circuit.
I. x. 75
Mr. Furnival practised at the common law bar, and early in life had attached himself to the home circuit.
1876 13 Mar. 11/5
The incongruity of the old name of the Home Circuit with a district which takes in Norwich and Lewes, Maidstone and Huntingdon, is manifest, and even the most uncompromising Conservatives of the Circuit Mess are probably gliding easily into the use of the new title.
1993 F. Barker ii. ii. 175
With the exception of three who are unidentified, we know the names of all those who died in prison on the Home Circuit in the period.
home comfort n. (chiefly in plural) any of the comforts which make being in one's own home pleasant; a domestic amenity which contributes to physical ease and well-being; (as mass noun) comfort of this kind.
1797 I. i. 6
He considered her death as no real deprivation of home comforts and happiness.
1805 Nov. 682/1
No means to bring home comfort to the lowly habitations of the destitute poor.
a1855 C. Brontë
II. xxv. 223
To sit on a foot-stool at the fire-side—to enjoy home-comforts.
1867 J. E. Cooke iii. xii. 465
Of the good old mansion, once the abode..of home comfort and hospitality, there remained only a pile of smoking bricks.
1922 J. Joyce ii. xii. [Cyclops] 289
Their abodes were equipped with every modern home comfort.
1977 21 Mar. 13/2
Five plane spotters serving jail terms in Greece will get a spot of home comfort today.
2004 P. W. Desjardins xii. 171
A man appreciative of his home comforts, he preferred the city life to being dragged out to these bush towns.
home computer n.
(a) a computer located at a military centre of operations (nonce-use);
(b) a computer designed for use in the home, esp. for recreational or educational purposes.The earlier quotations refer to hypothetical devices. Computers specially designed for home use became available in the 1970s, and at first were smaller, less powerful, and much cheaper than those for commercial or scientific use. Since then the same types of computer have come to be used both in the home and in business.
1949 Apr. 38/3
Future long-range offensive missiles will most likely radio back what position information they can gather, and have it processed in a home computer, out of which radio-transmitted answers will give the missile its instructions.
1955 J. E. Pfeiffer xvii. 250
One result of the trend toward compactness might be home computers no larger than television sets. They could serve as electronic calendars to keep track of dinner engagements, laundry lists,..and some of the other details of living.
1967 32 123/1
They earn more respect among colleagues by building a record collection than by putting together a home computer.
1993 D. Sheff xv. 370
His video-game system would transform into a multiuse, multipurpose home computer.
26 Aug. e2
Suite of powerful, personal security applications that protect your home computer against worms, trojans, zombies & more.
home confinement n.
(a) confinement or imprisonment in one's own home or country; (now) spec. = ;
(b) = .
1724 in Index sig. Ee
A Citizen's taking the Air in the Country from his home Confinement.
1841 June 108
We do not wish to dwell much on the enormous difference of expense between transportation and home confinement.
1867 43 85
Another illustration of the caution with which those who can afford the cost of home confinement..should desire to be confined in hospitals.
1921 K. Kawabé viii. 66
The authorities became alarmed, and in 1876 changed the home confinement to penitentiary sentence.
1922 C. C. Van Blarcom vi. 86
An equipment which will prove adequate to meet the ordinary requirements of a home confinement.
1995 4 Nov. 1209/1
Freedom for women to choose a home confinement, pool birth, or elective caesarean section.
10 Sept. a6/5
Mr. Chen's continued home confinement under guard, a practice known in China as ‘soft detention’, has no basis in Chinese law.
home contents adj. Insurance designating a policy insuring against damage to or loss of the contents of a house; cf.
1937 12 Sept. v. 13/8
These figures assume that the fire insurance policy is for $5,000, and the home contents policy for $2,500.
1972 13 Oct. (Insurance Brokers Suppl.) p. iv/6
5 per cent of insurances on home structures arranged through brokers, and 4 per cent of home contents insurance.
Your friend must have Accidental Damage included as part of her home contents policy.
home-cook v. transitive to cook (food) at home.
1910 Nov. 736/3
A favorite Southern way of home-cooking a guinea.
1950 15 Oct. iv. 4/3
Even the food we used in our scenes was home-cooked by farm wives.
2009 D. L. Long iv. 127
She will learn how to home cook well seasoned low fat, low-calorie meals.
home-cooked adj. (of food) cooked at home; homemade.
1811 T. F. Dibdin Let. 19 Aug. in
I. viii. 486
A home-cooked beefsteak, lightly sprinkled with snow-white horse radish, and flanked with the best lettuce my garden can bestow.
1923 H. Crane 12 Oct.
A very fine home-cooked chicken dinner.
1997 B. Clough 97
Whenever he felt like a home-cooked meal or sleeping in a bed, Rob selected a fat cat and briefly became his best friend.
home cooking n. the action or activity of cooking in one's home; food cooked at home, or of the kind one would cook at home (frequently with connotations of comfort, plainness, or wholesomeness); also figurative.
1853 3 Mar.
1921 29 Mar. 6/3
Plain and fancy articles will be on sale, also home cooking and a fish pond.
1968 O. Wynd i. 5
The other patrons..all came often to get away from home cooking.
1988 31 Mar. 15/3
The hallways were jammed with fans pumped up to cheer their Main Man... This was a night on which Jesse Jackson badly needed that type of home cooking.
1992 7 May 49/2
Most of us have memories of Mom's home cooking. The comfort foods she fed us when we were home from school with the flu.
home correspondent n. a correspondent based in his or her (or one's) home, neighbourhood, or country, esp. one employed to describe events occurring there.
1796 J. Burchell 130
If the home correspondent has effects, he is bound to comply with the order for Insurance.
1833 June 265
We have lately received from our Home correspondents a variety of communications.
1840 H. W. Longfellow in S. Longfellow
I hope I shall be a better home-correspondent than I have been hithertofore.
iii. viii. 166
In addition to the requirements for home correspondents, a foreign correspondent must have served in other campaigns.
1998 J. McManners
I. xii. 377
Dubois de Fosseux..took the opportunity of making him his home correspondent, sending regular letters describing how things were going in the village and on the estate.
Home Counties n. the counties surrounding London; also occasionally in singular.The list of counties encompassed by the term has varied over time; however it usually includes Essex, Kent, Surrey, Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, and (formerly) Middlesex.
1695 C. Davenant 77
The Eleven Home Counties, which are thought in Land Taxes to pay more than their proportion, viz. Surry with Southwark, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgshire, Kent, Essex, Norfolk, and Suffolk, Berks, Bucks, and Oxfordshire.
1785 M. Madan 87
Such an administration of the laws has been long creeping in upon us, as the length of the gaol-calendars, more especially in the home counties, too plainly testify.
1898 4 153
The publication,..will..relate not only to London, Middlesex and Hertfordshire, but also to Essex, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Surrey and Kent; that is, to the Home Counties.
1966 11 Aug. 218/1
The chances are..small that a writer setting his play in outer suburbia or inner Home County will make of it more than a painful banality.
1972 J. Blackburn ii. 29
Her accent clashed dramatically with the jargon of Home Counties suburbia.
2002 ‘H. Hill’ xxviii. 165
The buses would trundle in from the Home Counties night after night, filled with menopausal mums and the Barbour-clad recently retired.
home country n.
(a) one's native land; the land of one's ancestors (cf. );
(b) a country in relation to its colonies or dependencies (cf. ).
1707 14 June 214/1
This foreign Country, call'd Scotland, by the intervening Accident of the Union, becomes the same Home-Country with England.
1761 11 Aug. 147/2
The places taken from us as of small trade or produce,..useless to their nations, and greatly chargeable to keepe, draining the home Countries both of men and money.
1844 3 464
Provisions here are much cheaper than in the home country.
1860 A. Reid III. xi. 327
For the last time, I sought the shores of my home country.
1948 G. W. Southgate
The plantations were not regarded as daughter-nations..but as outposts of the home country, to which, from an economic standpoint, they were subordinate.
1953 15 54
Abmigration occurs when a bird..accompanies foreigners which have also wintered here to their home countries in the Spring.
2002 T. Nairn iii. 36
Little England..came to denote territorial (and industrial) England, the ‘home country’ minus its colonies, and without its overseas role as a global gendarme.
2008 S. Armitage
Of all the crimes my home country can rightly be accused of, I didn't expect to have to add altitude-ism to the list.
(a) the art or practice of household management; skill in domestic duties;
(b) an art or craft pursued in the home.
1879 1 July 8/5
A natural taste craves it [sc. ginger] as a delightful element in the economy of homecraft.
1914 M. Hill
Homecraft in the classroom.
1927 26 Feb. 5/2
Women who seek a pleasant paying homecraft.
1972 Sect. 102 London Postal Area E-K 513/3
1994 Aug. 24/1
People with an inventive eye for homecrafts have spotted other uses—for painting on fabrics, ceramics and plastics, and even for cake decoration.
home department n. a government department responsible for home affairs; (with the and capital initials) spec. = (now only in Secretary of State for the Home Department, the official title of the Home Secretary).
1782 30 Mar. 314/2
Lord Shelburne is to act as Secretary of State for the Home Department as well as Colonial Secretary.
1825 A. Caldcleugh I. iv. 96
[Brazil has] an absolute hereditary monarchy, with a council of state, secretaries and boards for the administration of the treasury, war, and home departments.
1966 17 Mar. 373/1
The Ministry of Defence is classified as a ‘home’ rather than an ‘overseas’ department.
2002 3 Feb. 24/6
David Blunkett MP is Secretary of State for the Home Department.
home dweller n. a person who dwells or remains at home.
1579 J. Frampton in tr. M. Polo Ep. Ded. sig. ⋆.ij
Committing the same to printe in the Englishe tongue, perswading, that it mighte..delight many home dwellers.
1593 Queen Elizabeth I tr. Boethius De Consolatione Philosophiæ in
iv. pr. i. 76
Homedweller in thy country.
1825 12 96
They live separate and alone, sojourners rather than home-dwellers.
2004 D. M. Flournoy viii. 396
Modern home dwellers now expect that communication with the outside world must be easier, faster, and more personalized.
home-educate v. transitive to educate at home; =
1849 7 Sept. 1/5
Why should any people refuse to home educate their children, and thus retain their freshest and most undying associations, as well as their never-ending love, reverence and tenderest affections!
1981 31 Mar. b1/6
Gollmitzer-St. Louis' plan to home-educate her son could be approved if she strengthens the curriculum she is offering him.
2004 18 Mar. (Education section) 5/4
I home-educated my daughter for two terms after she suffered bullying, and it worked out better than I could have hoped.
(a) educated in one's home country (now rare);
(b) educated in the home; cf.
1818 Feb. 17
It is..a very wise wish, indulged by the British people, that a home-educated and British-born Prince should sit upon the throne.
1824 3 134/2
I love to talk to home-educated children; they are the only wise people we have left.
1907 R. Sellar viii. 64/2
A native-born and home-educated priesthood.
1920 J. E. Courtney 200
A girl from Norwich, home bred and home educated except for a couple of years' attendance at a mixed grammar school in her native town.
2009 M. Perry 29
A coterie of friends covering the spectrum from pagan shamans to a home-educated evangelical Christian nutritionist.
home education n. (an) education received at home; home-schooling.
1673 R. Allestree ii. iii. §7
In that competition sure the home Education will be cast.
1730 J. Clarke
This is an Objection..against a Home-Education.
1856 Aug. 124/2
Home education forms by far too insignificant a part in the instruction of youth.
1914 Oct. 124/2
A home-education division of the Bureau of Education has been established.
2004 7 Aug. 37/3
How can we wonder that parents are choosing home education and that they want to do so without reference to the education authorities?
home educator n. a person who educates people, esp. children, at home; = ; also in extended use.
1842 July 114/2
The daily, hourly opportunities possessed by the home educators.
1938 12 July 17/6
The wireless is the poor man's home-educator as well as his entertainment-provider.
2008 C. Honoré vi. 136
Like most home educators, the Burkes let their son take the lead much of the time.
home equity n. the net value of a mortgaged home after deduction of charges outstanding on it (cf. ).
1896 5 May 11/6
4 clear lots, Evanston; want home equity.
1969 24 463
Home equities are built up to 10% only in the seventh year after endorsement if real estate prices rise by approximately 2% per year.
2007 20 Aug. 16/1
Go ‘piggybacking’: Take out a home-equity loan against your new house to meet those minimal payments.
home farm n. a farm on an estate set aside to provide produce for the owner of the estate.
1749 W. Ellis ii. i. 119
By the Decease of his Father in the Year 1746, he took his Home Farm into his Hands, that before was rented by a Tenant at about seventy Pounds a Year.
1805 R. Parkinson i. v. 200
On his home-farm he had above one hundred acres of wheat.
1932 ‘L. G. Gibbon’ 19
The Mains..had been the Castle home farm in the long past times.
20 June 7
Alongside the mansion and home farm were threshing barns, a granary, stone rick stands,..all of which are unaltered and being restored to their original uses.
(a) (of an animal or its meat) fed or fattened at home; local; not imported from abroad;
(b) (of a person) fed or raised at home; healthy-looking, plump (cf. ).
1573 T. Tusser
Fat, home fed sowce, is good in a howse.
1780 W. Combe IV. 127
Such an education, assisted by parental arts, will continue the childhood of the home-fed boy to an advanced period of life.
1858 R. S. Surtees lxxv. 329
He had killed a south-down,—not one of your modern muttoney-lambs, but an honest, home-fed, four-year-old.
1904 Dec. 87/1
If it is necessary to inspect so closely our home-fed animals we would suggest that it is quite as essential that the carcases of foreign-killed animals should also be examined.
2007 D. Favre & A. E. Hunt v. 61
I felt sorry for those TV people. They were used to dressing Hollywood size fours, and now they found themselves facing a couple of home-fed Mississippi girls.
Home Fleet n. a fleet of the British Navy detailed to home defence, esp. in the English Channel (cf. and ) (now hist.); (also) (with lower-case initials) any fleet operating in the waters of its own country.
1705 J. Michelborne ii. iii. 76
Tis our Home Fleet is come in, our two Privateers that were Abroad.
1797 Ld. Nelson Apr.
Had there been no Fleet in the Channel, the French might have come up the Mediterranean and taken us all; therefore the Home Fleet certainly took care of us and covered us.
1883 15 Sept.
Our harbour is once more almost empty, as the Home Fleet are fishing off Douglas.
1904 14 Dec. 162/1
The Present Home Fleet is to be called the Channel Fleet.
1906 24 Oct. 7/4
A distinct fleet will be constituted from the ships in commission in reserve, to be called the ‘Home Fleet’.
1922 W. C. King 127/2
Germany, in addition to her home fleet, had eleven warships in other seas, protecting her thousands of merchant vessels.
2001 R. Moore 10
A Mediterranean Fleet was based at Malta and Gibraltar until 1967, when it was merged with the Home Fleet.
home-fried potatoes n. chiefly U.S. slices or chunks of (parboiled) potato fried in a pan or skillet; cf. , .
1903 July 329/2
We fell to talking about home and the flag and Hail Columbia and home-fried potatoes.
1954 26 Mar. 15/1
These herbed, home-fried potatoes are especially good with broiled lamb chops, fish steaks and other foods that are not highly seasoned.
2008 J. D. Doss ii. 8
A breakfast of three fried eggs, a slab of Virginia ham thick as a boot sole, a heap of crispy home-fried potatoes and a quart of steaming black coffee.
home fries n. chiefly U.S. =
1927 21 June 6/1
If these gods were anything like our own Lindbergh, they relished now and then an order of ham and sunny side up, a good cup of Java and a side of home fries.
1955 5 Feb. 89/3
To potato chips, French fries and home fries can now be added ‘potato flakes’, a new kind of dehydrated mashed potato.
2000 S. Heighton i. i. 17
Home fries fringed and crowned with the rusty crackling Torrins knew his son loved.
home furnishing n.
(a) the action or process of furnishing the home;
(b) an item used to furnish the home (usually in plural).
1853 12 May
On our second floor we keep a complete line of Home Furnishing Goods of all styles.
Let all your home-furnishings and surroundings be typical of comfort, typical of order, typical of refinement.
1959 12 Oct. 73/1
For a long time fur went out of fashion as a home furnishing. This fall, fur..is the newest style in rugs.
1989 15 Apr. 11/1
You can buy a certain ensemble of home furnishings, scents, clothes, sports, clubs and interests in a sort of matched job lot, called a lifestyle.
2002 B. Batchelor v. 101
Bok counseled them on everything from proper decorum to home furnishing and decoration.
1676 J. Fox 144
The Husbandmen have their home-Harvest.
1729 G. Jacob
Medsypp, A Harvest Supper, or Entertainment, given to the Labourers at Home Harvest.
1877 I. Banks
The bustle and excitement of the Home-harvest had unfitted the ordinarily active little woman..for a walk in a broiling sun.
2009 J. A. Flammang xi. 223
Thanksgiving, which joins together the pre-Christian European folk tradition of home harvest with Christian festivals thanking the Virgin Mary for a wholesome food harvest.
home-hearted adj. now rare attached to or fond of home.
1600 F. Hastings sig. A3v
I wish them all from my heart, that as they are home-borne, so they may be home-hearted Subiects.
a1810 R. Tannahill
His valorous deeds he might boast undisguis'd, Yet home-hearted landsmen hold Tom as a stranger.
1945 3 Dec. 62/3
More International Sterling is now being made. And more and more home-hearted women are making it their choice.
home-heartedness n. now rare the fact or quality of being home-hearted.
1843 Jan. 44
It needs but a few steps more to drive this home-heartedness wholly out of doors.
1853 E. S. Sheppard I. 7
A domestic presence of purity, kindliness, and home-heartedness.
1915 E. C. Lazarovich-Hrebelianovich i. 25
A kind of home-heartedness carried me on to effort with the stirring sense of life's revealings.
† home-hen n. Obsolete the female of the domestic chicken; = .Only in Old English.
ii. xxxvii. 244
Mettas..swa swa sint scilfixas finihte & ham [&] wilda hænna [L. gallinae domesticae et phasiani et perdices] & ealle þa fugelas þe on dunum libbað.
home hospital n. now hist.
(a) a hospital attached to an institution, esp. a soldiers' or sailors' home;
(b) a private hospital providing a domestic environment and designed for the upper or middle classes.
1862 8 Feb.
The cases of sickness now under treatment in the Home Hospital, Market-street.
1877 4 May 7/2
Home hospitals for the well-to-do.
1887 21 Sept. 15/2
Miss P…has opened a home-hospital in Weymouth Street.
1993 R. B. Rosenburg viii. 149
After the last veteran died in 1934, the home hospital was converted into apartments for the last seven widows.
2008 10 27
The chaos of war changed life for many nurses who had to work hard in a physical environment very different to home hospitals.
home Indian n.
(also with capital initial)
Canadian (now hist.) a member of the Cree living in the vicinity of the fur traders on Hudson Bay.
1691 H. Kelsey in
They would not venture down fearing lest ye home Indians would not let ym up again.
1706 in G. Williams
Two canoes of home Indians came from the north shore.
1952 A. Malkus 9
The Home Indians came into the Fort with their furs.
2010 A. Sweeny ii. 31
The following spring, Knight ordered Stewart to take Thanadelthur and travel west with a large party of 150 Crees (Home Indians) and try to make peace with the Dene.
home influence n.
†(a) an influence on the home (obsolete);
(b) an influence on a person from their home.
1810 Aug. 76
It is to the home influence of the Bible Society that Dr. Wordsworth is chiefly inclined to object.
1852 C. M. Yonge xiv. 255
Marian had..weakened the only home influence..which held Caroline to the right.
1966 D. Jenkins v. 208
Home influence..[is] a major factor in determining whether people will be able to take advantage of educational opportunities.
1996 D. B. Chesebrough 28
These men had been good and honest individuals but had become the victims of mischievous home influences.
home insurance n. insurance of one's home against fire, theft, etc.
1875 3 June 349/1
In a great conflagration..home insurance, in however solvent or trustworthy companies, is a delusion and a snare.
1916 Jan. 23/2
Heretofore we have been talking to ourselves and among ourselves about our ‘home insurance’.
2005 C. Rush ii. 79
I'm dealing now with all the old witch's affairs: home insurance, Council Tax, gas, electric, British Telecom, Home Care, bank, lawyer and vet, all in a shambles.
home island n.
(a) an island that forms part of one's own country;
(b) an island that is one's home or place of birth.
1806 1st Ser. 7 504
General Norton..suggested..that troops in the home islands should be attested to serve..until 6 months after the termination of any war.
1948 C. L. B. Hubbard xviii. 205
In its home islands it [sc. the Shetland sheepdog] is known as the Tounie Dog or Peerie Dog.
2000 P. Moore
Lara was from Trinidad, and not much liked outside his home island.
home lesson n.
(a) a pointed lesson or moral (now rare);
(b) a lesson learnt or taught at home rather than in school; a piece of homework.
1791 29 Oct.–1 Nov.
The decayed popularity of M. Neckar is a home lesson to the vanity of Statesmen.
1853 19 Feb. (Suppl.) 4/6
Another feature in the progress of the year is the extensive purchase of school-books made by the children, and the consequent introduction of home lessons.
1887 10 Sept. 1220/2
Home lessons, also, are longer and more exacting than with us.
1905 June 403
I was surprised one day to find the following problem given to the girls for a home lesson.
2000 A. B. Elliot xxiii. 210
The Schroeder's two young children..were being educated with home lessons, supplemented with radio programs.
home letter n.
(a) a letter home; (also) a letter sent to an address within one's home country (obsolete);
(b) a letter from home.
1709 J. Swanne 15
Letters sent into Foreign Parts, to be allowed for receiving to the Purser in Proportion to their Postage, as home Letters.
1894 H. Nisbet 212
Have you got your home-letter ready?
1998 K. Ayres 70
The home letters make me so lonesome I have to bite back the tears.
home loan n.
(a) a government loan raised in the home country rather than abroad;
(b) a loan advanced to a person to assist in buying a house or flat.
1851 3 June 6/4
Foreign Exchanges... Amsterdam... Home Loan, Three per Cents.
1859 27 Aug. 244/1
The impression, however, appears to prevail that the home loan has a firmer hold upon the credit of England than that which is raised in India.
1892 July 118/1
He was employed in a Home Loan office, and had to keep track of petty chattel mortgages.
1919 B. F. Moore
(U.S. Dept. of Commerce)
There was a threat in the home loan that if it was not subscribed the Government would resort to forced contributions.
1921 5 Mar. 16/2
Electing to take either a cash bonus or to receive a farm or home loan.
1966 7 Apr. 12/1
The ban on home loans by local authorities has been lifted.
2009 5 Oct. 31/1
Many mortgage companies extended home loans to low- and middle-income applicants who couldn't afford to repay them.
home-longing n. longing for one's (or a) home; an instance of this.
1822 J. M. Good II. 747
Home-longing, when at a remote distance from one's friends and country.
1900 Aug. 166
Down there in far Brazil there begins to stir a home-longing in him.
2004 L. Anderson ix. 76
No one can promise either Jews or Palestinians that their home-longings will be resolved any time soon.
home mission n. a Christian mission conducted in the missionaries' own country.
1811 J. Crowther iii. 260
The home missions, properly speaking, include those among the poor benighted Roman catholics in Ireland, those in Wales, who preach in Welsh, and those in different dark, neglected, and very wicked parts of England.
1855 E. C. Gaskell 27 July
Papa..finished up his Home Mission with an address to the Students in the Chapel.
1932 Feb. 2
Extension Magazine The Official Organ of the Home Missions.
1990 7 June 10/3
He was a natural choice to become leader of the Home Mission Division, and has made his own distinctive contribution to its life.
home missionary n. a Christian missionary working in his or her own country as opposed to abroad.
1809 P. Mitchell iii. 131
You have done every thing in your power to check the success of our home missionaries.
1842 1 232
I had occasion to accompany a home missionary into a few of the dens of London.
1889 2 Nov.
What may be called the home-missionary spirit.
1938 M. C. Boatright in B. A. Botkin
i. iv. 96
A Presbyterian home missionary came to a cabin and engaged a woman in conversation.
1990 22 Oct. 465/1
The relations between the women home missionaries and the male society they challenged.
home monopoly n. a monopoly over a commodity, product, or service in one's own country.
1721 H. Maxwell 21
Do you think they cou'd get a Home Monopoly, as for Instance, of Tobacco?
1842 19 Mar. 5/3
The consumer is most of all to be benefitted by the removal of prohibitions or prohibitory duties by which the home monopoly has been made absolute.
1920 Sept. 239/1
The tariff protected home monopoly has always the threat of foreign competition to prevent their raising prices too high.
2003 J. F. Richards xvi. 594
The Dutch Noordsche Compagnie maintained its home monopoly until successful challenges from aspiring independent Dutch whalers and merchants led to its demise in 1642.
home name n. a name such as one would use at home; a pet name, a nickname.
1848 W. T. Thompson xvii. 147
You musn't call the nigger waiters, boy, nor uncle, nor buck, nor any frendly, home name.
1886 27 Nov. 569
Her home name is ‘the Princess Mary’.
2003 A. Vanderhoof
Evette tells us to call her by her ‘home name’, Dingis—‘I was a very small baby, and dingis are little boats’.
home network n. Electronics and Computing a network of interconnected electronic devices set up within a home; esp. a residential local area network, typically used to share an internet connection and resources such as printers and files between several computers.
1982 10 i. 36
The device that will be at the heart of the home network will be long debated. Suffice to note that an enhanced television with a 16-bit micro-processor..could, with today's technology, run a timeshared home bus network.
1998 Nov. 66/1
Your PC is lonely. Night after night it hums quietly to itself... It's time to build a home network.
20 Oct. 10
The new HomeGroup feature helps share files, folders, printers and storage devices across a home network.
home news n. news from home.In quot. : news from one's home country or of home affairs.
1664 Earl of Arlington 8 Apr.
This, I hope, will find your Excellency safe arrived at Madrid, whither we have nothing to send you yet..except it be our home News.
1852 E. C. Gaskell 2 Mar.
I don't think there is much home news. Last week was very quiet; and very busy with writing.
1936 5 Aug. 144/3
It is one of our principles that our students should earn while they learn, and for this reason our first practical efforts will be in the realms of the easiest department of Romantic Journalism, namely Home News.
2004 P. Lennon 10
Alongside home news, popular items tend to include TV guides, cartoons, horoscopes and stories about star personalities.
home number n.
(a) = ;
(b) the telephone number of a person's home.
1898 30 Mar. 3/4
In each case the soldier gave his home number and street.
1907 May 246/1
After a good deal of trouble he got his home number, but it was not his wife who answered him.
2001 B. Broady 135
I dialled the home number and then redialled and redialled but always got the unobtainable's flat-line blare.
After that it's time to input the address, and that's when things get interesting. The site gives you the option to enter a home number and street name.
home patient n. a patient who is cared for at home rather than in a hospital.
1757 II. ii. 24
The Surgeon..thought of visiting his home Patients before he should take the Ride to the 'Squire's.
Persons residing in Lincoln..unable to attend at the dispensary, shall be deemed home-patients.
1990 D. Zibell-Frisk in A. S. Bloch xxvii. 321/2
The nurse has an active role in teaching home patients how to administer parenteral nutrition.
home phone n. = In quot. : a telephone operated by the Home Telephone Company.
[1898 Nov. 436/3
Telephones, Main 2818 and Home Phone 53.]
1902 4 Oct. ii. 4/3
Home 'phone promised sure.
1968 70 1077/2
The caller employs a lexical item, and perhaps an intonation, that is standardly used by called parties in answering their home phones.
2009 G. Alexander v. 49
The next morning Madden called Larry on his home phone.
home piece n. see sense .
home position n.
(a) one's position or standing at home;
(b) a starting or default position.
1840 11 Aug. 4/2
His colonial preferment was by no means an eligible compensation for the surrender of his home position.
1847 12 Jan. 637/1
Certain changes of the solar system in its own home positions.
1900 T. M. Lindsay v. 113
His kingdom was the most compact in Europe, his home position secure, and his foreign policy had hitherto been successful.
1922 R. C. Bryant iii. 58
After the log has been slabbed on one side and turned, all knees are again set in the ‘home’ position.
2001 P. Verdin & N. Van Heck i. 40
Having your home position attacked by a competitor, whether local or global, is a serious thing.
2007 C. L. Wilson x. 193
She raced back to her home position on the grid.
home product n.
(a) a commodity produced in one's own country (also †as a mass noun);
(b) a commodity manufactured for use in the home.
1696 C. Davenant 33
I do not see how such Prohibitions would at all Advance the Vent of our Home Product.
1772 A. Young iii. §iii. 91
What a population is here! and what a consumption of necessary manufactures and home products!
1874 ‘G. Hamilton’ vi. 106
The truth is, the foreign fabrics are of better quality than our home products.
1914 4 July 13/1
The seller of certain home products such as ‘Mother's Cleanser’ and ‘Miller's Lasting Starch’.
1928 L. North 270
Rotarians and women's clubs wrote her letters applauding her patriotic stand for home-products.
1970 19 Aug. 8/4
Carbon tetrachloride use in home products banned.
2010 D. McNeill & K. McNamara in M. K. Goodman et al. vii. 150
The boutique hotel bedroom thus became a catalogue of home products that can be tried and tested.
Home Programme n. British (now hist.) (with the) = .
1939 15 Nov. 10/3
M. Reynaud..spoke last night in the B.B.C. home programme.
1948 1548 1663
The programme account..is not broken down as between the Home, Light, and Third Programmes.
2001 J. Stapleton 167
The distance between the Home Programme and the Third Programme was described by one BBC executive as that ‘between Malcolm Muggeridge and Isaiah Berlin’.
home question n. now rare a direct or pointed question, esp. one of a personal nature (cf. sense ).
1687 R. L'Estrange I. ii. x. 229
Now This was a very short Answer, to a Home Question.
1741 S. Richardson IV. xxxv. 198
I will be your Judge, and put home Questions to you.
1878 J. Payn II. xi. 111
‘How much has he a year?’ inquired Mrs. Wardlaw simply. ‘Well, really,’ said Miss Milburn, ‘that is rather a home-question.’
1977 D. W. Jones
That was a home question.
home remedy n. a remedy devised or manufactured in one's own home.
1830 Jan. 215
The graziers, and drovers, and little shopkeepers, look with apprehension to the loss of their cheap and home remedy for recovering their debts.
1850 9 105/1
The expensiveness of the Water-Cure at the establishments, then, is an argument for its employment as a home remedy.
1926 Feb. 43/2
The best home remedies for coughs are inhalations of steam and mustard pastes.
2002 D. W. St. John i. 35
She doesn't want him popping her neck or anything even vaguely painful. She doesn't want anything but her bed. ‘What are we talking about here?’..‘A home remedy that works.’
home reversion n. British Finance a type of equity release in which a person transfers part or all of the ownership of his or her home to a company in exchange for a lump sum, while retaining the right to continue living there.
1965 8 Mar. 1/5
Write Home Reversions Department, M.G.S. & Co.
1990 Aug. 459/3
Home reversions. You sell all or part of your home to a specialist company, which agrees to pay you an income for the rest of your life. But there may be problems if you need to move later.
2004 A. Vice vi. 94
As we are all living longer, you can see why roll-up mortgages and home reversion schemes favour the over 70s.
home row n. the middle row of keys on a typewriter or computer keyboard, on which the starting positions for the fingers in touch-typing are located; cf. .
Using the letters and words which have been learned on the ‘home row’ proceed to introduce these new letters into combinations forming new words.
1981 8 Jan. 67/2
The fingers tend to locate themselves on the ‘home’ row (where they are based), making touch typing easier.
2010 E. E. Peterson in I. E. Catt & D. Eicher-Catt i. 72
I can hear my typing teacher intoning: ‘feet flat on the floor, back straight, eyes on the text, arms out level, fingers on home row.’
home screen n.
(a) a film or television screen in the home;
(b) the main screen in the graphical interface of a computer program or a device, esp. a mobile phone, which allows a user to access particular functions.
1941 July 209
On your own home screen—gorgeous full-color ‘stills’—with Kodachrome.
1985 13 Oct. f16/3
The upper right-hand corner of the ‘home screen’, the first to appear when one begins working on the spreadsheet.
1997 H. Hood v. 164
Tonight we are going to try to bring to your home screens as accurately as possible transmissions directly from the interior of the spacecraft.
2008 J. Chen & A. Pash ii. 24
All you need is right there on the home screen, and each application will launch as soon as you tap the respective application icon.
home signal n.
†(a) Telegraphy the telegraphic signal sent from one's own equipment (obsolete);
(b) Railways a stop signal marking the end of a section of track and indicating whether or not a train may proceed into a station or to the next section; cf. .
1857 12 July 8/4
There are three parallel rows of marks impressed on the surface of the paper—the innermost representing the home signal, the next the distant signal, and the third the seconds.
1867 Rep. Accidents on Railways 23/1 in LXII. 219/1
The station is protected by distant signals in both directions, worked by wires from the east of the passenger platform, and by a home signal of inferior construction.
1889 G. Findlay 68
The distant signal is placed at varying distances behind the home signal, according to circumstances.
1940 A. E. Tattersall i. 16
Home and starting signals only for each direction at stations on single lines which are staff or electric token posts will be necessary.
2001 S. Hall
The first stop signal at a signalbox is known as the Home Signal. At some signalboxes there may be more than one Home Signal, known variously as Outer and Inner Home Signals.
home slice n. see sense .
home squadron n. any squadron operating in the waters or (in later use) airspace of its own country; spec. (with capital initials) a squadron of the U.S. Navy detailed to home defence (now hist.).
1730 ‘The Mariner’ 11
The Home Squadron takes the Middle Station, the Middle the Foreign, and the Foreign the Home.
1837 15 Dec.
The Senate passed a bill to-day, to authorize the establishment of a Home Squadron for the protection of navigators on the Atlantic coast, and sent it down to the House.
1904 6 June 5
New battleships and cruisers for the home squadrons would be an infinitely better investment.
2002 in M. E. Wagner et al. vii. 548
After Lincoln proclaimed a blockade of Confederate ports, the extensive..Southern coastline and the dearth of Union ships made it impossible for the existing Home Squadron to carry out the president's order.
2008 D. I. Hall v. 75
Fighter Command released eighty-seven Hurricanes from home squadrons and Bomber Command contributed forty-one Wellingtons and eighty-five Blenheim IVs.
home station n.
(a) Australian and New Zealand the principal residence or establishment of a sheep or cattle farm; cf. , ;
(b) a base (esp. a military one) on the territory of one's own country.
1826 26 July
Some valuable hills for Sheep, making it an invaluable station for large Stockholders, as a home station.
1865 M. A. Barker
By the time we reached the Home Station we were ready for luncheon.
1890 ‘R. Boldrewood’
They were fairly on the sandy home-station track.
1903 30 Mar. 2/2
What military stations abroad are now reckoned as Home stations.
1941 9 Oct. 174
The Havocs fly out over enemy aerodromes when the night bombers are returning and shoot them down over their home stations.
15 May 83
He runs 40,000 Merinos on the home station.
home-stayer n. a person, animal, etc., that stays at home.
1834 Jan. 259
The consequences of taking them out of the market are just as good for some of the home-stayers, as the consequences of their not been sent there can be bad for any of the others.
1908 G. A. B. Dewar viii. 173
Save for their impulses of migration, most butterflies are essentially home-stayers.
2003 F. Itani ii. 62
Bernard is the home-stayer. That is what Mother calls him.
home student n.
(a) a student studying in his or her own country, as contrasted with a foreign student;
(b) a student educated at home; cf. .
1773 J. Boswell Jrnl. 19 Aug. in
Dr. Watson observed, that Glasgow University had fewer home students, since trade increased, as learning was rather incompatible with it.
1826 2 Sept. 47/1
He now returned to his father's house; and..settled down into a most arduous and unwavering home-student.
1876 11 446
The amount of money received from foreign students, together with what is paid by home students who study the languages and take painting and drawing lessons, is not far from $1,600 per annum.
1979 29 Nov. 680/2
Because the British educational system is designed primarily to service ‘home’ students, the minority of overseas students should be treated as a ‘marginal’ cost.
2009 P. Herriot iv. 128
The presence at home of one of the parents is a strong predictor of the choice to home-school (61% of home students vs. 26% of state school students).
home studio n. a studio, esp. (in later use) a recording studio, set up or built in a person's home; (also) a portable multitrack recording device.
1876 29 Sept.
Miss Hardy is a lady of rare ability and comes of a family of artists, and we recall with emotions of pleasure, many a delightful hour passed in the gallery belonging to the home studio.
1950 Sept. 218/2
Free-lance artists who use a corner of the basement as a home studio will appreciate this large drawing-board easel.
1970 19 Dec. 6/1
The music is boastfully casual, scraps of his home studio.
1993 Apr. 89/1
Both Basehead and Sebadoh are bands whose records will always sound like something cooked up on a home studio.
2010 R. Mariz ii. 19
I'd really like recording and mixing gear for a home studio.
home taping n. the action or process of recording radio or television broadcasts on audio or video tape at home.
1956 17 Aug. 9/4
The tape will permit home taping of TV shows.
1981 29 Oct. 3/8
The campaign..has as its theme ‘home taping is killing music’.
2010 B. S. Noveck in D. Lathrop & L. Ruma iv. 68
Fearing a loss of ad revenue from customers' home taping, the movie studios and television broadcasters initially feared the new tools.
home telephone n. a telephone installed in the home.
A loud home telephone.
1978 8 Oct. 10/2
If—repeat, if—the security forces have been tapping the home telephone of the editor of the Economist.
2006 W. Werris 280
I'd received many calls on my home telephone from individuals wanting to place orders with me rather than through the proper bookstore channels.
home territory n. territory belonging to one's home, country, etc.; (figurative) a subject or area with which one is familiar or comfortable; cf.
They have no Gold or Silver growing in the Bowels of their home Territories.
1833 G. P. Scrope xv. 390
Treating the most fertile and accessible of our colonies as an extension of our home territory.
1957 13 142/2
Automation..is home territory for Clark Controller.
1993 4 Feb. ii. 11/4
Johnson was on home territory, Schubert, Mahler and Strauss, and working with an artist with radiant equipment, a big operatic colourful voice.
2010 J. C. A. Boeyens ix. 310
Space exploration has confirmed the theoretical picture of the solar system, which we now consider as home territory.
home theatre n. equipment designed to reproduce at home the experience of being in a theatre; spec. (orig. North American) = (cf. ).
1914 19 Dec. 10
With town entertainments scarcer than ever, this world-popular instrument [sc. a ‘His Master's Voice’ gramophone] becomes indispensable. It is a veritable Home theatre.
1971 15 May d16/2
While the TV sets packaged in consoles may be fine, the cabinetry is often inferior. Most designers will be happy to testify to the fact that the ‘giant home theaters’ are aesthetic sins.
1999 May 90/1
This kit is good enough to serve as your PC's speakers or as a capable addition to a home theatre.
2009 T. Smyth & T. Dewar xiii. 128
Now we shop online, seek entertainment from our home theatres, and plug into MP3 players.
home tie n.
(a) an emotional bond or association with one's home (usually in plural);
(b) Sport (chiefly British) a fixture played at a team's home ground; a home game (cf. sense ).
1829 Emmanuel in 14 Nov. 742/3
Around thee draw thine own home ties.
1911 J. E. Stuart xii. 207
The only security is a complete armour of self-control based on faith, and a home tie which is a guarantee for happiness.
1931 10 Feb. 4/5
Swinton, should they survive to-morrow's game at Featherstone, will have a home tie with Halifax.
2001 N. G. Schiller & G. E. Fouron iv. 77
Many immigrants thus continue to nurture their home ties as a source of financial security.
2009 D. Macionis i. 11
A home tie against Middlesborough looked on paper like a desirable one.
home time n.
(a) time spent at home;
(b) = .
1883 1 May 87/2
Many of our Liberal churches in the West have but one service on the Sunday. The rest of the day is home-time for the congregation.
1974 28 310/1
They remained there with their teacher until home-time at 11 am, except for two five-minute and one longer break.
1996 F. Popcorn & L. Marigold ii. 199
She only flashed the green light after Katzenberg..vowed that Steven would still have plenty of home-time to spend with Kate and the kids.
2003 P. Kay et al. 1st Ser. Episode 2. 34/2
Come on, Captain, home time. I want to lock up.
home truth n. a disagreeable fact about oneself, esp. as pointed out by another person.
1697 G. Stanhope tr. P. Charron II. iii. iii. 412
Frankness of Humour, and Home-Truths by way of Admonition or Reproof..are yet seldom well taken.
1711 Ld. Shaftesbury III. Misc. v. iii. 328
If he has indiscreetly spoken some Home-Truth.
1843 G. W. Le Fevre II. i. xiii. 16
People who pique themselves upon telling home truths.
1935 C. Isherwood xv. 243
Arthur's orientally sensitive spirit shrank from the rough, healthy, modern catch-as-catch-can of home-truths and confessions.
1992 J. Torrington xxii. 190
Let's face some home truths, Clay; you're a moral skunk, a feculent fuckup of a man.
1864 Jan. 54/2
He had one foot in the stirrup, and the other on the soft home-turf.
1916 Jan. 31/2
Similar success on the polo field can be chronicled; not only on the home turf where every summer brings a long series of well contested matches.
1973 22 Feb. 29/1
‘Jive’..is very daring. Daring quite simply because it challenges Jerome Robbins on his home turf.
2000 J. Goodwin i. 14
By the time the trusty Donny Dodger has carried me back to home turf, I can sense I'm losing it slightly.
2010 P. Daniels xxix. 191
He was having to go all surreal and internal—which wasn't his home turf (or mine) by any stretch of the imagination.
home unit n. chiefly Australian and New Zealand a flat or apartment, usually one owned by the occupant.
1929 17 Aug. 4/5
These modern home units are just nearing completion, being specially constructed to fill the long-needed want of the small family.
1933 Dec. 847/2
With the present four-story plan, Roadtown would house 200 home units per mile.
1973 26 Aug. 11/2
A bolt of lightning damaged a block of home units at Vaucluse.
1993 M. Gee
Dorothy Skeat..stayed on in the house until the mid sixties, when she sold it for a very nice price and bought a home unit in Epsom.
home visit n. a visit to a person's home, esp. (in later use) one made to a patient by a health-care professional, etc.
It is very seldom that the Christians pay any of these home Visits, because the Algerines..have their several Rendezvous.
1869 3 Apr. 462/2
In 1865, 203,393 Assistance doctors' home visits were made.
1982 M. T. Tsuang viii. 65
[Patients] can be helped by..home visits from..a psychiatric community nurse.
2007 7 Jan. 10/3
Fortunately, the patient responded to a home visit by a multidisciplinary team of three consultants using psychodynamic dream therapy.
(a) a commodity produced in one's home or country (now rare);
(b) = .
1782 J. Elphinston in tr. Martial Contents p. xviii/1
1847 3 Dec. 8/6
The potato market still preserves its equilibrium as to prices, with a current demand for all classes of home ware.
1868 June 229/2
The same material as that used by the Indians for their home ware, such as plates, dishes, etc.
1902 Jan. 37/1
British manufacturers..resorted to repeated lowering of their selling prices, compelling corresponding reductions in home wares made at far higher cost.
1956 22 July iii. 7/4
He pays off loans incurred to buy other appliances or homewares.
2006 K. Adams & I. Brace vi. 72
The company would like to know whether selling the new general homeware will take sales away from the kitchenware.
home waters n. the area of sea around one's own country.
1838 Mar. 158/2
The consequent agitation which must often possess those who are re-entering upon home waters.
1915 R. Kipling 26
From the peace of the German side he had entered our hectic home-waters.
2003 Sept. 28/1
Awarded DSO in 1944 for making Sceptre one of most successful S-boats in home waters and part in Operation Source, towing X-class midget submarines to attack Tirpitz.
home wear n. clothing worn in the home, typically of an informal, simple, or comfortable sort; the action or fact of wearing such clothing.
1836 2 July 6/2
Young ladies for home wear have dresses of white Scotch cambric.
1878 7 Feb. 87/3
Various colored threads..to mark the various articles of home wear.
1915 20 Nov. 326/1
Evening dress..has ceased to exist, its place being taken by smart little demi-toilettes for restaurant and theatre wear, and rest-gowns that are really restful for home wear.
2007 J. Chamberlain 75
This time she was dressed in a cotton trouser suit with wooden peg buttons—simple home wear.
† home-whining n. Obsolete rare a whining expressive of a desire to go home.
a1657 G. Daniel Trinarchodia: Henry V cxvii, in
Soe farre Devided..as hee shall not heare Home-whineinges.
home wind n. a wind blowing towards one's home or country.
1732 E. Boyd 122
The Dutchess had now been six Months missing, and was on the first home Wind on her Return.
1855 H. W. Longfellow iv. 61
Ruler shall you be..Of the home-wind.
1892 R. Kipling 177
The East Wind roared..‘And me men call the Home-Wind, for I bring the English home’.
1996 S. Maitland
Will he come..out of the sunset boldly with the sails set filled with a home wind and a golden light?
[after German Heimweh ]
now rare homesickness.Originally and chiefly in translations from German.
1838 Mar. 490
The next class of songs most popular among the Swiss are those expressive of their attachment to their native hills, and of their melancholy or ‘home-woe’ when away from them.
1894 T. Hardy 136
One of the worst of the sufferers from this home-woe, as he called it in his own tongue, was Matthäus Tina.
1921 Mar. 191
Ah, blame men not, that, yielding to the homewoe's ceaseless urge, They yearn from land to land..Seeking ever the golden shores of desire.
home worship n. worship conducted in a person's home as opposed to in a church or other public place.
1849 I. 84
Often..did strange and affecting images of that home worship, the supplications and tears of his wife and little ones for their wandering father, pass over his memory.
1917 50 110/2
In the older type of home worship three factors were prominent: a priest, a guidebook, and a definite plan of worship.
2005 C. Barner-Barry iv. 95
Usually, home worship for Pagans involves only members of the circle, coven, grove, kindred, hearth or nest, and their invited guests.
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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, September 2011).
In this entry:
In other dictionaries:
- My entries(1)
- homalographic, adj.1855
- homaloid, n. and adj.1850
- homaloidal, adj.1850
- Homaloptera, n.1817
- homalosternal, adj.1889
- homarine, adj. and n.1878
- homatropine, n.1880
- hombre, n.1630
- Homburg, n.1882
- home, n.1 and adj.eOE
- home, n.21836
- home, v.1802
- home, adv.eOE
- home affairs, n.1572
- home alone, adv. and...1885
- home-along, adv.1872
- home and away, adv. ...1885
- home-and-home, adv.,...1751
- home base, n.1855
- homebody, n.1821
- home-born, adj. and n.1577
- homebound, adj.11598
- homebound, adj.21794
- homeboy, n.1847
- home-bred, adj. and n.?1560
- home breeding, n.1665
- home-breeding, adj.1592
- homebrew, n. and adj.1814
- home-brew, v.1771
- home-brewed, adj. an...1653
- home brewer, n.1730
- home-brewing, n.1791
- homebuilder, n.1855
- homebuilding, n.1757
- homebuilding, adj.1825
- homebuilt, adj. and n.1676
- home centre | home c...1955
- home cinema, n.1913
- homecome, n.OE
- homecomer, n.1540