α. Old English earð- (Northumbrian, in compounds), Old English earðe (rare), Old English eor- (in compounds, rare), Old English eorþa (rare), Old English eorða (rare), Old English eorðo (Northumbrian), Old English eorðu (Northumbrian), Old English eoð- (in compounds, perhaps transmission error), Old English heorþe (rare), Old English hiorð- (in compounds, rare), Old English iorþe (rare), Old English iorðe (rare), Old English teorðan (transmission error), Old English yorðe (Kentish), Old English (chiefly in compounds)–early Middle English eorð, Old English–early Middle English eorðe, Old English–early Middle English yrðe (Kentish), Old English (rare)–Middle English earþe, Old English (in compounds)–Middle English eorþ, Old English–Middle English eorþe, Old English (rare)–Middle English erðe, Old English (Kentish)–Middle English yrþe, late Old English eoþan (inflected form, probably transmission error), late Old English eoðan (inflected form, probably transmission error), late Old English heorðe, late Old English–early Middle English eorþæ, late Old English–early Middle English eorðæ, late Old English–Middle English eorth- (in compounds), late Old English–Middle English erþe, early Middle English eorthþe, early Middle English eorððe, early Middle English ierðe (south-eastern), early Middle English oerþ, early Middle English oerþe, early Middle English orþ, early Middle English orð, early Middle English orðe, Middle English eærðe, Middle English eerth, Middle English eerthe, Middle English eorȝ (in copy of Old English charter), Middle English eorthe, Middle English erdh, Middle English erh, Middle English erith, Middle English erþ, Middle English erð, Middle English eyrthe, Middle English herdethe, Middle English herþe, Middle English herðe, Middle English herth, Middle English horþe, Middle English horðe, Middle English irthe, Middle English orþe, Middle English urþ, Middle English urth, Middle English urthe, Middle English vrþe, Middle English vrthe, Middle English–1500s erth, Middle English–1500s herthe, Middle English–1600s erthe, Middle English– earth, 1500s–1600s earthe, 1500s heth (London); U.S. regional 1800s 'arth, 1800s uth, 1800s– airth, 1900s– earf (in African-American usage), 1900s– eart (southern, in African-American usage)), 1900s– urf (in African-American usage); English regional 1800s aath (Somerset), 1800s orth, 1800s– arth (northern and midlands), 1800s– ath, 1800s– eath (southern and midlands), 1800s– eth, 1800s– e'th (Yorkshire); Scottish pre-1700 aerth, pre-1700 airth, pre-1700 arth, pre-1700 eirthe, pre-1700 eirtht, pre-1700 erthe, pre-1700 1700s– earth, pre-1700 1800s eirth, pre-1700 1800s erth, 1700s hearth, 1800s e'rt' (Orkney), 1800s orth, 1800s– eart (Shetland), 1800s– ert (Shetland), 1900s– aert (Shetland), 1900s– eart' (Shetland); also Irish English 1700s eart (Wexford), 1700s–1800s eorth (Wexford), 1800s erth (Wexford), 1900s– irth (northern).
β. Old English georð- (rare, in compounds), Old English georþe (rare), Old English–early Middle English georðe (rare), Middle English ȝerþ, Middle English ȝerþe, Middle English ȝerthe, Middle English ȝorthe, Middle English yeorþ (in copy of Old English charter), Middle English yereth, Middle English yerþe, Middle English–1500s yerth, Middle English–1500s yerthe, 1500s yarthe, 1500s yeareth, 1500s yearthe, 1500s–1700s yearth; U.S. regional 1800s yeath, 1800s yea'th, 1800s yeth, 1800s– yarth, 1800s– yearth, 1900s– yairth, 1900s– yearf (in African-American usage), 1900s– ye't, 1900s– ye'th, 1900s– yut, 1900s– yu't, 1900s– yu'th; English regional 1800s yar (Yorkshire), 1800s– yarth, 1800s– yath (Yorkshire), 1800s– yearth (northern and midlands), 1800s– yeath (south-western), 1800s– yerth, 1800s– yeth, 1800s– yirth, 1800s– yurth (Cumberland), 1800s– yuth (Worcestershire); Scottish 1700s– yirth, 1800s yearth, 1800s yeith, 1800s yerth; also Irish English 1900s– yirth (northern); N.E.D. (1891) also records a form late Middle English yorth.
γ. Old English–early Middle English eord- (in compounds), Old English (Anglian)–early Middle English eorde, late Old English eordæ, Middle English erde, Middle English ertd, Middle English herd, Middle English hurde, Middle English 1600s erd; English regional (northern) 1700s– eard, 1800s– erd, 1800s– hard (Yorkshire); Scottish pre-1700 aird, pre-1700 earde, pre-1700 erde, pre-1700 erid, pre-1700 eyrd, pre-1700 eyrde, pre-1700 1700s–1800s eird, pre-1700 1700s– eard, pre-1700 1700s– erd, 1700s e'rd; also Irish English (Wexford) 1700s–1800s eard, 1700s–1800s eord.
See also (Show Less)
Origin: A word inherited from Germanic.
Cognate with Old Frisian irthe
, Old Dutch ertha
(Middle Dutch aerde
, Dutch aarde
), Old Saxon erða
(Middle Low German ērde
), Old High German erda
(Middle High German erde
, German Erde
), Old Icelandic jǫrð
, Old Swedish iordh
), early modern Danish iorth
), Gothic airþa
< an extended form (t
-extension) of the Indo-European base of Old High German ero
earth, ancient Greek ἔρα-
to earth, towards the earth, in Hellenistic Greek also ‘on the ground’), and also (with different extension) Old Icelandic jǫrvi
sandbank, Welsh erw
unit of land measurement (see ).
In Old English usually a weak feminine (eorðe
); however, apparent weak masculine (eorða
) and strong masculine and feminine (eorð
) by-forms are very occasionally attested (although the evidence is far from conclusive). The Northumbrian forms eorðo
apparently show levelling from oblique cases rather than influence of the strong feminine (ō
-stem) declension (compare A. Campbell Old Eng. Gram.
show the development of a palatal on-glide. (Old English (Kentish) forms in yo-
, e.g. , instead show variation of io-
.) Some regional forms (both
and ) show replacement of /θ/
apparently arose by semantic association or confusion with , already evident in Old English; such forms are particularly common in northern English and Scots, probably influenced by widespread interchange of /d/
in the vicinity of /r/
in these areas.
In early use often translating and in some cases (e.g. sense ) perhaps after classical Latin terra
the planet earth, its surface and its inhabitants, ground, soil, dry land, territory, the element earth, earth as a chemical or medicinal substance, etc. (see ); compare also Anglo-Norman and Old French, Middle French, French terre
(see ), with a range of senses similar to Latin terra
originally after classical Latin terra
, itself in this sense after ancient Greek γῆ
(see ); compare Anglo-Norman and Old French terre
(mid 12th cent. in this sense). In recent use also occasionally after the words for the equivalent element in other cosmologies, e.g. Chinese tǔ
, Sanskrit pṛthvī
compare earlier .
Attested early in place names (chiefly in sense ), as Herdicote
, Gloucestershire (1086; now Gaunts Earthcott), Gereburg
, Lincolnshire (1086; now Yarborough), etc.; earlier currency of sense
is implied by the place name Focsearde
, Essex (1086; now Foxearth).
Senses relating to the ground.
1857 H. M. Noad II.
ii. xx. 774
A circuit of 40 miles earth and 40 miles wire presented the same resistance as a circuit of 40 miles wire.
1866 R. M. Ferguson 250
An ‘earth’, however, is generally put at each station.
1896 T. E. Herbert xvii. 81
B is connected to earth as is the end of our 40 ohm leak.
Earth is always green or green/yellow except in German-made appliances where earth is red.
17 Jan. 5
A wiring diagram embossed on the bottom of the socket could mislead people into connecting the live lead to earth.
Senses relating to the world.
OE xcvii. 4
Iubilate deo, omnis terra, cantate et exultate et psallite : freadremað o eala þu eall eorðe singað & fægniaþ & sealmlof cweðaþ.
For þay arn boȝt fro þe vrþe [cf. Apoc. 14:4. ex hominibus] aloynte As newe fryt to God ful due.
Prol. l. 363
Ther ben thynges three The whiche thynges troublen al this erthe.
1535 Psalms xcvi. 9
Let the whole earth stonde in awe of him.
1535 Song Three Children f. lvij
O let the earth speake good of the Lorde.
1611 Gen. xi. 1
The whole earth was of one language.
1654 E. Wolley tr. ‘G. de Scudéry’ 188
The eyes of all the earth observe our motion and superintend our actions.
1721 R. Blackmore civ. 232
Let all the Earth the Lord adore.
1831 R. Vaughan II. xii. 10
It is well to see the chains produced to enslave the earth falling thus signally on the hands that wrought them.
1891 E. Arnold v. 230
Myself, and all the Earth, and thee, Have no grief left, and cannot suffer grief.
1919 M. R. Rinehart l. 394
This was to be the greatest day in the history of the world, and while all the earth waited for the signal guns, she waited for a man.
One day soon, the entire earth will rise-up against this axis of evil.
1678 R. Cudworth i. iv. 381
He affirmed..the Moon [to be] an Earth, having Mountains and Valleys, Cities and Houses in it.
1684 T. Burnet i. 168
We will consider..the rest of the earths, or of the planets within our heavens.
1787 J. Clowes tr. E. Swedenborg 158
Concerning a second earth in the starry heaven, it's spirits and inhabitants.
1841 E. W. Lane tr. I. 23
This is the 1st, or highest, of 7 earths.
1950 No. 6. 48
They master the ships that connect the earths.
1952 C. Oliver in July 140/1
They were after a planet almost exactly like Earth..another Earth circling a Class G star of exactly the right specifications.
2007 4 Jan. 10/1
2007 could be the year we find the first truly Earth-like planet... We should have a much better idea of how common alien Earths may be.
1979 Mar. 3
Earth to ——. Please pay attention.
Oh, Jeez, there she goes. Planet Earth calling Grace Poole!
1989 J. Churchill
Earth calling Jane? Are you there?
22 Aug. 18
It's true his speech is urgent enough to prompt the ‘Planet Earth to Keanu’ tone of most published interviews with him.
21 Mar. ii. 5/2
Their big conflict is she may have to move to New York. Earth to Donna, you're a flight attendant. You can visit, you know, although the thought apparently doesn't come to mind.
Senses relating to a defined portion of land.
Senses relating to a substance.
a1350 Recipe Painting in
1 65 (MED)
Tac a vessel of eorthe, other of treo.
1463 in S. Tymms
My best gay cuppe of erthe kevvryd.
1526 W. Bonde ii. sig. Svii
He wolde euer be serued in vesselles of erthe.
a1555 J. Philpot tr. C. S. Curione Def. Authority Christ's Church in R. Eden
Hath not the pot-maker power to form out of that same clam of earth that one vessel for an honourable use, and that other for contemptuous and vilenous?
1621 H. Ainsworth Leviticus xi. 33
Vessels of Pot-bakers earth.
1660 iv. Sched. at Bottles
Bottles..of Earth or Stone the dozen.
1728 E. Chambers
Retort,..a round, bellied Vessel, either of Earth or Glass.
Athenæus..describes this vase to be of baked earth.
1822 W. Scott I. xi. 295
You are the vase of earth, beware of knocking yourself against the vase of iron.
1852 Mrs P. Sinnett tr. É. R. Huc 300
They all carried in their hands a pot of baked earth.
1926 R. Karsten xi. 365
The earth, before it was used for the fabrication of the clay vessels, was ground in big stone mortars.
1948 Li Ch'iao-p'ing ii. 21
The oven used in this case is made of earth or earthenware.
Lanelle Abueva's special, handmade tiles and pottery..are used at length on kitchen splashboards and bathroom walls, enlivening countertops with fired earth.
When the second earth is taken off, they cleanse the surface of the sugar with a brush.
. Chiefly literary
?1592 i. sig. C3
What is iewels, or what is gould but earth.
1597 W. Shakespeare iii. iv. 79
Darst thou thou little better thing than earth Diuine his downefall?
a1800 W. Cowper Comm. on Caraccioli in
Gold is only Earth exhibiting itself to us under a particular Modification.
1612 W. Parkes 26
My bagges are full..with the white and red earth of the world.
P2. on (also upon) earth
: in existence, in the world.
He arærde gode to wurðmynte þæt tempel.., swilc hus swa nan oðer næs næfre on eorðan aræred.
He somenede færd swulc nes næuere eær on erde [c1300 Otho erþe].
Þe uglokest unhap þat ever on erd suffred.
Of my gracious goddis, þe grettest on erde.
1542 M. Coverdale tr. H. Bullinger xv. sig. lxv
Thys is my worthy and precious treasure, that..is to me dearer then all the Jewels vpon earth.
a1566 R. Edwards
Were there euer such frindes on earth as were these two?
Assure your self, nothing on Earth shall labour more to retaliate those your Favours.
1749 H. Fielding III. viii. x. 232
I must be the most ungrateful Monster upon Earth.
1774 O. Goldsmith 103
With no reason on earth to go out of his way, He turn'd and he varied full ten times a day.
1847 J. W. Carlyle 15 July
If I could have done anything on earth but cry.
1873 ‘M. Twain’ & C. D. Warner 29
I've got the biggest scheme on earth—and I'll take you in!
1910 P. G. Wodehouse xviii. 158
Master Edward Waller..in frocks, looking like a gargoyle;..in sailor suit, looking like nothing on earth.
1950 D. Cooper Prol. 9
Now, a whisky-and-soda was the one thing on earth that the Military Attaché most wanted.
1994 Feb. 57/1
Crufts! Is it the greatest dog show on earth?
Ða worde frægn wuldres aldor Cain, hwær Abel eorðan wære.]
1591 E. Spenser Muiopotmos in sig. V2v
But what on earth can long abide in state?
1677 I. Barrow 5
Where on earth, among the degenerate sons of Adam, could be found such an High Priest, as became us?
1762 I. 92
What on earth can be, So lovely as Sweet constancy.
1795 E. Fenwick III. i
Who upon earth would imagine, in a seclusion so perfect, this girl would..dupe a whole family?
1859 Princess Royal Let. 26 Aug. in
I cannot see what on earth he can have of very urgent business here in November.
1876 R. Broughton I. i. xiii. 268
You people really have the worst small beer in Europe! where on earth did you get it from?
1885 ‘F. Anstey’ 128
Why on earth was she making this dead set at him?
1930 1 Jan. 28/2
‘Who on earth is she?’ gasped the visitor from Woop-Woop.
1958 13 Nov. 94/2
What on earth is the point of any sort of criticism if it isn't practical?
2003 S. Mawer
‘Oh, I couldn't.’ He wiped the saddle of the bike and climbed astride it. ‘Why on earth not? Hop on.’
Þy syxtan dæge..biþ from feower endum þære eorþan eall middangeard mid awergdum gastum gefylled.
lOE lxvi. 8
Et benedicat nos deus et metuant eum omnes fines terrae: bletsige us god & ondredon hine eælle endes eorðæn.
Jer. xxv. 32
A greet whirlwynd schal go out fro the endis of erthe. And the slayn men of the Lord schulen be..fro the ende of the erthe til to the ende ther of [L. a summitatibus terrae].
1483 W. Caxton tr. J. de Voragine f. lxxiv
And all the endes of the erthe shal worshipe the Nacions shal come to the fro ferre and bryngyng yeftes shal worshype in the our lord.
1535 Acts i. A
Ye shal receaue the power of ye holy goost, which shal come vpon you, and ye shalbe my witnesses at Ierusalem, and in all Iewrye and Samaria, and vnto the ende of the earth [Gk. ἕως ἐσχάτου τῆς γῆς, L. usque ad ultimum terrae].
1634 S. Rutherford
I cannot but think, seeing the ends of the earth are given to Christ (and Scotland is the end of the earth, and so we are in Christ's charter-talizie) but our Lord will keep His possession.
1686 J. Scott II. vii. 1169
Spreading..even to the utmost ends of the Earth.
1848 C. Brontë 2 June
The sunshine seems to set all your expectations astir, and once bent on amusement, they will come to the ends of the earth in search thereof.
1895 P. Gardner in P. Gardner & F. B. Jevons ii. i. 70
Zeus set [sic] forth two eagles from the two ends of the earth and they met at Delphi, whence the Omphalos at Delphi was regarded as the centre of the world.
a1917 M. B. Bishop
Let all the ends of earth uphold His majesty.
1928 22 Sept. 26
The amateur radio ‘hams’ have the ends of the earth for neighbors.
1969 M. St. Just Let. 17 Nov. in T. Williams
I will happily come to the ends of the earth to see you and give you any comfort.
1990 Dec. 181/3
To the sophisticates of Bonn and Berlin, Ludwigshafen may be the end of the earth.
2005 Feb.–Mar. 68/3
It is a nice surprise to travel to the ends of the earth and find Beatrix Potterish rusticity and ladies with secateurs.
i. l. 13860 (MED)
Þey wyþ-drowen hem, & erþe þey les.
Twenty fote he gard hyme goo, Thus erthe on hym he wane.
1668 L. Colson 49
With the ferment of Lune altered, thou mayst fix the white Earth of Vitriol.
1748 J. Hill I. 12
Heavy, friable, red Bole, call'd Seal'd Earth of Livonia.
It is evident that skirl contains nearly as much earth of allum as the Cornish porcellane clay.
1796 R. Heron tr. A.-F. de Fourcroy II. 423
What remains is a red insipid earth, which is pure oxide of iron, and is called mild earth of vitriol.
1822 tr. C. Malte-Brun I. ix. 200
Pure alumina, or earth of alum, is distinguished among the elementary earths by its tendency to mix..with water.
1958 L. Thorndike VII. vi. 168
The Latin translation from the Italian was printed at Geneva in 1613. It was in two parts, the first treating of spirit of vitriol, oil of vitriol, salt of vitriol, earth of vitriol, vitriol rectified, [etc.].
1996 D. R. Oldroyd iii. 69
He dissolved alum in water, filtered the solution, and precipitated it with alkali, giving ‘earth of alum’.
(In sense .)
1815 W. Scott II. 322
It wad be a sair thing to leave the blessed sun, and the free air, and gang and be killed, like a tod that's run to earth, in a dungeon like that.
1857 C. Kingsley III. x. 312
Frightened; beat; run to earth myself, though I talked so bravely of running others to earth just now.
1876 A. S. Palmer Pref. p. viii
I have run it
[sc. a word]
to earth in a Sanscrit root.
1888 7 Jan. 20/2
All the men who helped to run to earth the various members of the Ruthven family..were richly rewarded.
1915 13 June 10/3
The police are continually running these dingoes of society to earth.
1953 ‘F. O'Connor’ 63
Eventually he would run her to earth in some snug with a couple of cronies.
6 July b3
In the case of the individual fox that gets run to earth by a pack of slavering dogs, the end is not pretty.
1820 Mar. 298/1
This fox ran a deal of ground, and tried frequently to go to earth, but to no purpose.
1861 L. Wraxall tr. A. Esquiros I. viii. 158
After going to earth to some extent in order to escape death, the gipsies showed themselves again.
1913 26 Feb. 153/1
Men who used to go to earth behind evening papers on the entrance of a woman now spring to their feet in platoons without a moment's hesitation.
1917 M. Webb
Gone to Earth.
1950 R. Macaulay xvi. 194
The policeman..turned back to assist his colleagues in flushing Barbary, so mysteriously gone to earth.
1990 July 480/2
I went..on a foxhunt, and the fox went to earth.
2000 J. Connolly i. ix. 159
I've asked around, but he's gone to earth.
1940 E. Hemingway xiii. 160
‘Did thee feel the earth move?’ ‘Yes. As I died. Put thy arm around me, please.’
1975 ‘D. Jordan’ xxxi. 158
Guy stared at her and I fancy it was at that moment that the earth began to move under him.
1986 25 June 19/5
When she..tears into ‘Sweet Georgia Brown’ you can feel the earth shifting under your feet.
1987 ‘M. Yorke’ x. 97
I was in bed with your daughter, trying to make the earth move for her.
1 Aug. 3
We have what it takes for you to feel the earth move, from massage lotions to sex toys.
Oft eorþstyrung gehwær fela burga ofhreas.
Seo mycele eorðbyfung on Lumbardige, forhwan manega mynstras..& huses gefeollon.
1869 11 Nov. 54/2
It was the action of the earth-throe on the ocean which caused the greatest devastation.
1937 S. W. Wooldridge & R. S. Morgan x. 133
Great masses of metamorphic rock..have resulted from..regional metamorphism, i.e. deep burial of rock masses..due to earth-movement.
1993 Oct. 114/4
The noise is caused by seismic slips, or small earth movements, along fault lines.
eOE xx. 194
Men habbæð geond middangeard eorðgesceafta ealla oferþungen.
Se snottra sunu Dauides.., eorðcyninga se wisesta on woruldrice.
MS Lamb. in R. Morris
1st Ser. 47 (MED)
Heo on eorðe ȝeueð reste to alle eorðe þrelles, wepmen and wifmen, of heore þrel weorkes.
Ȝef þou hart erþ cniht [Calig. eorðlic cniht].
And pes to man on erthe grownde.
1629 J. Gaule 42
The Earth-Lords [sc. Adam's] honour now layd in the dust.
1702 B. Morrice 144
Without Earth surface, obvious to Heaven's eyes, A boisterous part of my Dominions lies.
1847 R. W. Emerson 30
From the earth-poles to the Line.
1847 R. W. Emerson 39
Earth-proud, proud of the earth which is not theirs.
1850 Browning II. 435
I can hear it 'Twixt my spirit And the earth~noise, intervene.
1887 7 May 626/1
The earth-powers which dwell in the billows, the rain, the frost, and the air.
1901 ‘L. Malet’ vi. x. 603
All this, the unity and secrecy of the place..circling them about with something of earth-magic.
1906 2 June 6/2
Earth-child, struggle no more.
1972 J. Fire & R. Erdoes x. 181
The steam [of the sweat house] stops at the skin, but that earth-power penetrates your body and mind.
1990 D. Schimel in J. Leggett iii. 78
Complex feedbacks in the Earth System can produce unexpected and potent responses.
eOE King Ælfred tr. Gregory
He [sc. David] wæs gehyd on anum eorðscræfe mid his monnum.
Tauri, eorðceaperas [read eorðceaferas].
a1200 MS Trin. Cambr. in R. Morris
2nd Ser. 139
He turnde..fro mennes wunienge to wilde deores, and ches þere crundel to halle and eorðhole to bure.
Þeose..beoð eorð briddes. & nisteð on þe orðe.
167 in C. Horstmann
2nd Ser. 343 (MED)
God maade Adam..of þinges seuene..Erþe-slym was on of þo.
?c1425 tr. Guy de Chauliac
Of erþe farne [L. politrici].
1601 P. Holland tr. Pliny II. 379
A kind of earth-beetles called tauri, i. Buls.
1664 H. Oldenburg Let. 25 Aug. in R. Boyle
He affirms, that the Earthdamp is a vapor not at all visible.
1724 J. Saunders 230
A common Earth Grub.
1814 W. Scott II. xiv. 221
The light usually carried by a miner..certain to be extinguished should he encounter the more formidable hazard of earth-damps or pestiferous vapours.
1854 22 527
They are sometimes found on the surface of the ground in rainy weather, but are generally dug out of the earth. They are called earth-snakes by the natives.
1958 C. Achebe iv. 29
The young tendrils were protected from earth-heat with rings of sisal leaves.
At earth level over the pit he placed a rectangular, bottomless and topless, wooden box of slightly larger dimensions than the hole.
eOE tr. Bede
iv. xxix. 366
Þa gesohte he him nearo wic & wununesse, ond þa mid dice & mid eorðwealle [L. aggere] utan ymbsealde & gefæstnode.
Gewat him ða se goda mid his gædelingum, frod felageomor fæsten secean..; beah eft þonan eald under eorðweall.
1175 in W. H. Stevenson
In altera erþmerche del est de Serdebege ubi marlere exstat.
a1475 in A. Clark
To repaire and hold vp the erthe walles.
a1522 G. Douglas tr. Virgil
vii. iii. l. 25
Hys first mansioun..With turettis, fowsy and erd dikis ilk deill.
(Trin. Cambr. R.3.15)
Swich a bild bold, y-buld opon erþe heiȝte.
1610 P. Holland tr. W. Camden ii. 793
Doth not Bede write in plaine tearmes, after he had spoken of the Earth-wall, at Abercuruing in Scotland, that a wall was reared of strong stone where Severus had made his of turfe?
1706 tr. E. Y. Ides x. 55
The Naunda is very broad, provided with high Sand and Earth banks on each side.
The earth-bank, or breast-work..against the river.
1875 R. W. Emerson Immortality in
The Pyramids..and cromlechs and earth-mounds much older.
1883 F. G. Heath in Dec. 169/1
Over the original earth-bottom of the cave is a bed or layer of considerable thickness.
1884 H. R. Haweis in Dec. 191
The earth-envelope of mind is not the measure of mind.
1923 D. H. Lawrence 113
A snake came to my water-trough..he reached down from a fissure in the earth-wall in the gloom.
1956 S. H. Bell ix. 136
One old man..remembered when the earth floors of the ruins around his house were polished by the traffic of feet.
2001 S. Roaf et al.
It has been shown that judicious placing of earth banks around houses can cause fires to jump buildings.
1814 C. I. Johnstone III. 189
I think she'll no put owre this night. The wauch earth smell is about her already.
1865 27 Oct. 3/1
The colour of these tiles is a deep earth-tint.
1895 K. Grahame 14
The air was wine, the moist earth-smell wine.
1942 T. S. Eliot i. 7
There is no earth smell Or smell of living thing.
1973 T. Pynchon i. 149
All in some nameless earth tone—a hedge-green, a clay-brown, a touch of oxidation, a breath of the autumnal.
1984 17 Apr. 3/1
Fieldstone complements this cheerful 3 bdr. Decorated in earthtones.
1866 R. M. Ferguson 243
The earth resistance to the current..is next to nothing.
1913 J. Erskine-Murray
The radiation efficiency, earth resistance and other constants of a transmitter.
1985 C. S. Ward
The second method of improving safety is to install a current-operated earth-leakage circuit breaker (COELCB, also known as an ‘earth trip’).
1998 28 Nov. 57/2
I am installing an earth spike to securely earth the network of pipes.
1877 A. Keary in 86
He divides people into earth, air, fire, and water people... [Jacob] Böhme was an earth person himself, he says so.
1896 E. Kirk 167
The lesson for the earth people is aspiration, a turning away from the things of sense, material pleasure, and ambition.
1916 D. R. P. Marquis 27
Papa is an Earth Person entirely. I've got his horoscope. He isn't at all spiritual.
1941 M. E. Jones vii. 170
The air and earth temperaments are essentially focused in the moment.
1970 26 June 10/2
Fire eyes are sparkling and daring; air eyes are alert and intelligent; water eyes are soulful and mysterious; earth eyes are honest and direct.
1990 M. J. Abadie & C. Bader xiii. 147
If you're predominately Air, you might find that Earth types drive you bananas.
2008 E. Dugan iv. 86
The air sign enjoys the security and stability that an earth person brings to the relationship.
1594 W. Shakespeare
Where earth-deluing Conies keepe.
1598 J. Dickenson 34
Earth-incinerating Aetnas wombe big swolne with flames.
1601 iii. iv. 1390
If his earth wroting snout shall gin to scorne.
1781 J. Sharp 12/2
Boring Tools for Earth Boring.
1820 P. B. Shelley iv. i. 138
1847 R. W. Emerson 75
1848 P. J. Bailey
The broad and upturned base Of that earth-piercing altar pyramid.
1926 Apr. 168/1
The spirit of the Secession is strong among the shepherds & ‘earth-workers’ of the Scottish Border.
1966 J. Sankey iv. 84
An earth-boring tool was used to obtain samples of 1.1 × 103 cm3.
10 Mar. i. 6/4
A top priority is improving ‘earth-penetrating weapons’ that could be used to destroy underground installations and hardened bunkers.
1597 W. Shakespeare i. ii. 23
Earth treadding stars, that make darke heauen light.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
v. v. 136
This earth-vexing smart.
1627 M. Drayton Moone-calfe in 156
The earrh [sic] refreshing Sunne..his golden head doth runne, Farre vnder vs.
a1649 W. Drummond
The Earth, and Earth-embracing Sea, did Shake.
a1657 G. Daniel
High, and purged Soules Leave Time and Place, to dull earthporing fooles.
1683 J. Mason xxx. 66
Fear not the Trumps Earth-rending Sound, Dread not the Day of Doom.
1748 A. Dutto 38
Was ever Love like this? Oh Heaven-astonishing, Earth-amazing, and Hell-confounding Love?
1755 J. Grainger iii. 7
Rapt earth-gazing Resvery, Blushing artless..Modesty, Seek the solitary Wild.
Is there a State,..Who..Mocks the wide waste of earth-devouring Time?
1816 Ld. Byron xci. 50
The peak Of earth-o'ergazing mountains.
1822 J. G. Lockhart Life Cervantes in P. A. Motteux tr. M. de Cervantes I. p. lix
The shrewd, earth-seeking, yet affectionate Sancho.
1848 P. J. Bailey
The sacrificial ox, Earth-embleming.
1883 Proctor in Oct. 566
The earth-fashioning power of vulcanian forces.
1886 R. A. Proctor in May 692
A special earth-crossing family of Comets.
a1959 E. Muir
What present anguish Drew that long dirge from the earth-haunting marvel?
1970 2 Jan. 12/3
Waste products of Soviet and American launches..wander in earth-circling or deep space orbits.
2002 17 237
Technology..is the earth-destroying work of the white man.
Þe erþe demer dredeful to biholde & storne.
1801 W. Huntington 34
Finding nothing could be done with the earth-holders, I..determined to build my stories in the heaven.
1875 E. White
i. i. 3
Wearing so many crowns, as Earth-subduer, Legislator.
1918 G. W. Russell 172
Gradually the earth lover realises the golden world is all about him in imperishable beauty.
1976 I. Asimov vii. 146
Its orbit approached closer to that of earth than any of the major planets... It was the first of the so-called ‘Earth-grazers’ to be discovered.
14 Nov. 32
You're a rapacious, corrupt, immoral Earth-destroyer.
1615 T. Adams Spirituall Nauigator 34 in
Earth-scrapers..that would dig to the Center to exhale riches.
1661 K. W. 99
This miserable earth-grubber doth..acquire this trash with vexation.
1719 D. Defoe 182
Potters and Earth-makers, that is to say, People that tamper'd the Earth for the China Ware.
1856 Sept. 402/2
Be a Farmer, not a mere earth scraper.
1875 R. Hill & F. Hill xxiii. 380
We examined..models of..implements for quartz-crushing and earth-washing.
1901 R. Kipling iv. 88
A..blue-petticoated clan of earth-carriers, hurrying north on news of a job.
1953 J. Huxley iii. 74
The earth-swallowers, earthworms for example.
2000 R. H. Clough et al.
The temptation to overload equipment in an effort to get more production is especially true with earth-hauling units.
1624 F. Quarles sig. N4
Iehouah did, at length, vnshrowd His Earths-amazing language.
OE xlviii. 3
Omnes qui habitatis orbem, Quique terrigene et filii hominum : ealle ge þe oneardiað ymbhwyrfte gehwylce eorðbogiendan & bearn manna.
lOE xlviii. 3
Quique terrigene et filii hominum : & gefylce eorðware uel eordcende [eOE Vespasian Psalter eorðcende] & beærn mænnæ.
A grub, a grege out of grace, ane erd-growyn [Trin. Dub. erth-growen] sorowe.
c1595 Countess of Pembroke Psalme lxvi. 12 in
All earth I say, and all earth dwellers, Be of his worth the singing tellers.
1596 C. Fitzgeffry sig. C2
Earth-gaping Chasma's, that mishap aboades.
1614 R. Tailor Hogge hath lost Pearle in I. Reed
Tortur'd by the weak assailments Of earth-sprung griefs.
1642 H. More sig. D5v
This province hence is hight earth-groveling Aptery.
1813 W. Scott ii. xv. 76
Yon earth-bedded jetting stone.
1849 J. C. Hare II. 416
Everything earth-made has a weight in it which drags it down to earth.
1850 E. B. Browning I. 313
As one God-satisfied and earth-undone.
1881 H. Phillips tr. L. C. A. von Chamisso 15
Woe and wail! earth-born, earth-nurtured!
1886 R. A. Proctor in May 694
The orbit..had been that of the earth-ejected comet.
1932 L. Lewisohn
A personality and a book so frank and genuine and earth-rooted.
1952 R. Campbell tr. St. John of Cross 87
And so all creatures earth-begot begin from it to turn their glance.
Its earth-sprung opening yields to a rapturous baptism, building to a hot and joyful conclusion.
1600 C. Tourneur sig. C3
With fleecy wooll, that hung on earth-low brakes.
1864 R. S. Hawker 4
The Earthwide Judge, Pilate the Roman.
1893 B. Carman
I watched her earth-brown eyes grow glad.
1935 C. Day Lewis 55
Earth-long and heaven-outfacing woes.
1988 L. Hogan 69
In the old days she was a god living in dark furrows of earth-smelling earth.
2004 L. Erdrich
The cool winey air, earth scented and moldy, rushed at my face as I slipped inside.
1596 J. Davies ciii. sig. C4
He [sc. Love] first extracted from th' earth-mingled mind That heau'nly fire, or quintessence diuine.
1607 B. Jonson iii. vii. sig. Hv
Earth-fed mindes, That neuer tasted the true heau'n of loue.
a1657 G. Daniel Trinarchodia: Henry V cli, in
Earth-rampeir'd Ears, expect the Drum to Call.
1708 C. Leslie vi. 45
They [sc. true Believers] are Stript and Divested of all their Earth Stain'd sinful Weeds.
1772 J. Spencer 65
Spurn hence these earth-worn cares.
1834 T. Carlyle iii. viii. 94/1
Thou the Earth-blinded summonest both Past and Future.
1866 E. Peacock 177
The earth-worn face of the living.
1884 W. G. Horder in 12 Nov. 310/3
Our earth~dimmed souls.
a1939 Z. Grey
Manning espied the moundlike hogans, earth-covered frames, that furnished homes for the nomad Indians.
1960 A. Christie 233
Miss Greenshaw raised two earth-stained fingers to her lips.
2002 C. J. Kibert et al. 283
There are already 2,000-3,000 earth-covered buildings in the USA.
a1586 Sir P. Sidney
So earth-creeping a mind, that it cannot lift it selfe vp, to looke to the sky of Poetry.
1618 R. Brathwait sig. F
Earth-turn'd, mole-ei'd, flesh-hook, that puls vs hence.
1793 G. Butt II. 191
Cunning's earth-bent eye By gold's attraction turn'd from Truth awry.
1848 P. J. Bailey
With every earthlent ray of every star Holy and special influences are.
a1864 N. Hawthorne
1883 Dec. 162
The mole is an earth-burrower.
1922 F. S. Marvin i. 23
The earth-bowed serf of Europe, the murdered slave of Africa.
1987 F. Jackson & P. Moore
It seems that the crust on the far side of the Moon is thicker than that on the Earth-turned side.
1993 A. J. M. Shamon i. 15
We are by nature both earth-bent and me-centered.
1809 A. M. Porter II. 169
The girl..admitted Sebastian into a low, earth-floored room.
1838 J. R. Peabody
Within an earth-walled enclosure..are six miniature tumuli.
1898 June 230/2
We are out of doors on the earth floor, under a low earth-roofed porch.
1930 2 Mar. (Special Features section) 4/1
Desert wastes, where aboriginal tribes built their earth-walled towns and tended their communal gardens.
1979 C. Foss iii. x. 174
Most of the population lived below the hill of Ayashuluk in a village of about a hundred earth-roofed houses.
1984 22 Aug. 12/4
The screech of brakes brings Israeli troops running from their earth-banked encampment beside the road.
18 Feb. b1
District officials have been trying to drum up support for their proposed $30.8 million earth-bottomed channel.
2001 56 514
They rebuilt their entire kitchens, eliminating the traditional earth-floored spaces and replacing them with cement or linoleum flooring.
See also , , , , , , , etc.
In the names of plants, animals, and fungi.
1822 J. C. Loudon i. iii. 889
The Earth Almond, or Rush Nut, Cyperus esculentus.
1856 Ann. Rep. Commissioner Patents 1855: Agric. p. xiii, in (34th Congr., 1st Sess.: House of Representatives Executive Doc. 12) VI
The Earth Almond, or Chufa, (Cyperus esculentus), a small tuberous esculent, from the south of Spain, has naturalised itself to our climate and soil.
1943 T. S. Githens & C. E. Wood 73
The Tiger Nut or Earth Almond..is more important in North Africa in its role of a weed than in that of a food.
2006 M. Pearson & M. Westerman 45
I bought a refreshing horchata, the milky, partially frozen Valencian drink made from chufas (earth almonds).
1597 W. Langham 205
Headache of rheume, put in the iuice of white Earthbinde into the nose.
1696 J. Smith 16
Bobs, of these there are two sorts..one is called the Earth bob.
1787 T. Best
The best bait for them in the winter is, the earth bob, it is the spawn of the beetle.
1865 T. E. Fuller 143
The baits for dace are the red-worm, brandling, gilt-tail, cow-dung, and earth-bob.
1578 H. Lyte tr. R. Dodoens v. xxiii. 579
The roote is lyke Bulbus, and in taste is much lyke to the Chestnut: in consyderation whereof, it may well be called..in English, Earth Chestnut.
1854 P. L. Simmonds ii. 374
Lathyrus tuberosus, called by the peasants the earth mouse, on account of its form, and the earth chestnut on account of its taste.
1866 9 242
The tuber..is sought after by children of the Wiltshire peasantry under the name of Earth-nut or Earth-chestnut, from its resemblance to the latter fruit in flavour.
1912 W. Tibbles xxv. 691
Groundnut (Pignut, Earth Chestnut): The tuberous root of Bunium bulbocastanum.
Earth Chestnut, Tuberous Caraway... Underground and out of sight it produces black starchy tubers, each an inch or so across.
1600 R. Surflet tr. C. Estienne & J. Liébault vii. xxxvii. 699
The hunting of the foxe and brocke..is to bee perfourmed with earth dogs [Fr. chiens de terre].
1898 9 July 5/6
The original Skyes were the perfection of terriers or earth dogs, and woe betide the foxes, the badgers, or the wild cats against whom they were pitted.
1945 C. L. B. Hubbard 162
To-day he [sc. the Terrier] is..not so much the ratter and earth-dog of last century.
2002 J. Cunliffe
The Skye terrier has been known for four centuries, used as an earth dog to bolt fox and badger.
Sio wund..þe him se eorðdraca ær geworhte.
1853 W. Spalding. i. ii. 40
He [sc. Beowulf] sacrifices his own life in destroying a frightful earthdrake or dragon.
1973 M. Alexander tr. 137
The wound that the earth-drake Had first succeeded in inflicting on him Began to burn and swell.
1768 T. Nugent II. 274
The plentiful watering of cole plants every day, is the only sure method against the earth-flea.
1814 W. Johnston tr. J. Beckmann
When sown late in the season, they were injured by the earth-flea.
1840 J. Loudon & M. Loudon tr. V. Köllar II. 141
Shade, coolness, and rainy weather, are the surest protection of young plants from the attacks of the earth-flea-beetles.
Earth-flea, a name of the chigoe, Sarcopsylla penetrans: so called from its living in the earth.
1731 G. Medley tr. P. Kolb II. 176
There is a sort of Flies at the Cape which the Europeans call Earth-flies [Ger. der Erd-Floh].
1768 T. Nugent II. xix. 274
Cole, and gillyflowers, and especially white-cabbage, and cauliflowers, for preventing the earth-flies, must, in a drought, by plentifully watered.
1824 H. E. Lloyd tr. J. B. von Spix & C. F. P. von Martius I. ii. ii. 258
The earth-flies (Pulex penetrans), which are concealed in numbers in the sand, penetrate under the nails of the hands and feet.
1865 J. G. Wood xxvi. 509
The only insect which can be said to be parasitic on man, and at the same time form a habitation, is the celebrated chigoe Pulex penetrans, otherwise called the jigger, or earth fly.
1731 G. Medley tr. P. Kolb II. 118
The tongue of an Earth-Hog is long and pointed. When he is hungry, he looks for an Ant-Hill; and coming nigh the same, he lays him down,..stretching out his long tongue..the upper part of which being very clammy, the Ants are held thereon by the Legs.
1796 E. Helme tr. III. 392
This ant-bear is called in the colonies erd-verken (earth hog).
1847 J. Barrow 146
The aard-varké, or earth-hog (the Myrmecophaga Capensis), is also very common, undermines the ground, and seldom appears but in the night.
1965 17 July 44/3
Known as ant-bear, earth hog and Isambane, the aardvark holds special place in almost all dictionaries.
OE Brussels Gloss. in T. Wright & R. P. Wülcker
Hedera nigra, eorðifig.
a1300 in T. Wright & R. P. Wülcker
I. 558 /l. 5
Hedera nigra, iere, oerþiui.
Tak erthe yven & stampe it & helle a littill jus in þe ere.
1561 J. Hollybush tr. H. Brunschwig f. 37
Take the lesse Shaving girss..and Earth yvy, of eche two handfull.
1801 19 175
The Grubs of the Cockchafers... When disturbed they contract their length, and..appear like lumps of white fat. [Note] Hence the British name ‘Earth-Lard’.
1601 P. Holland tr. Pliny II. 379
There is a kinde of earth-Beetles called Tauri, i. Buls: which name they tooke of the little hornes that they carie..; some tearme them, Pedunculos terræ, earth-lice.
We must add the annual increase of all kinds of grubs, and other devouring insects, earth-lice, moths, caterpillars, grey and green worms.
Earth-louse, 1. Any root-feeding aphidid... 2. Any one of many soil-inhabiting thysanurous insects.
1922 E. R. Eddison xxviii. 364
The little dead earth-louse were of greater avail than thou, were it not nothing as thou art nothing.
1678 J. Ray tr. F. Willughby ii. 263
You must prepare [for canaries]..Elks hair..and earth-moss.
1798 C. Abbot xxiv. 229
Earth moss. Phascum... Veil very small. Lid none.
1864 M. Plues viii. 62
In the Earth-moss family the capsules have little or no stalks, the leaves are generally in eight rows, and the whole plant is wonderfully small.
1947 D. Hunter
There are eighteen specimens of paper which embrace sheets made from nettles, straw, earthmoss, cattails, and aloe leaves.
1854 P. L. Simmonds ii. 374
Lathyrus tuberosus, called by the peasants the earth mouse, on account of its form, and the earth chestnut on account of its taste.
1859 3 Dec. 126
The earth-mouse (Lathyrus tuberosus), which the French peasant will not cultivate because, he says, it walks underground.
1754 P. Miller
III. (Table of Plants)
Earth-peas. See Lathyrus.
1832 J. L. Comstock 166
Genus Lathyrus. To this genus belong the Sweet Pea,..the Everlasting Pea, the Earth pea, Lord Anson's Pea, &c.
1932 E. B. Fred et al. viii. 132
Juga bean, earth pea, Bambarra ground nut, Madagascar pea nut.
1992 19 27
Cowpeas, earth peas, pigeon peas, chick peas, peanuts, and tiger nuts were all described as beans by one observer or another.
1785 G. Forster tr. A. Sparrman I. 270
The aard-varken, or earth-pig, which, probably, is a species of manis.
1878 20 Sept. 6/7
Captain Lucas had opportunities of enjoying what sport there is in South Africa, and he incidentally mentions the ant bear or earth pig.
1994 21 529
Fungus-culturing termites..are eaten by the largest myrmecophage, the earth-pig, in southern Africa.
1585 J. Higgins tr. Junius
Tuberes, Mushroms, tadstooles, earthturfes, earthpuffes.
1761 T. Arnold
Erdapfel, Sow-Bread, Earth-Puff, Truffles.
1607 E. Topsell 534
The movse called the Shrew, or the erd-Shrew.
The Shrew-mouse or Erd, i.e. Earth-shrew.
a1803 J. Walker
Brit. The Shrew. Angl. Shrew-mouse or Hardy Shrew. Scot. Erd-shrew.
1611 J. Florio
Fumaria, fumitory or earth-smoke.
1727 N. Bailey at Fumaria
Fumus Terræ (with Botanists), Fumitory, Earth-smoke.
1863 R. C. A. Prior 88
Fumitory,..earth-smoke, from the belief that it was produced without seed from vapours rising from the earth.
1996 R. Mabey 57/1
Common fumitory,..Earth smoke, red-tipped-web, is a common weed of gardens... The delicate grey-green leaves do have a slightly smoky appearance.
1679 W. Winstanley xxviii. 36
In case the horse..hath swallowed down any venemous beast, as a..Earth Spider, Snale, or Dirt-Grubber, (Buprestis) then you must make him run, until he sweats.
1726 I. 6
A small Earth Spider, commonly call'd a Tarantula.
1803 15 67
Mention is made also of a tarantula, which, according to every probability, is nothing else than the aranea clavipes, or a large American kind of earth spider.
1883 1 Dec. 760/2
Though the exact circumstances under which this epidemic arose [in 15th cent. Italy] are involved in mystery, yet we may probably safely assume that they were in some way or other connected with a common earth-spider, the tarantula.
1839 J. Paget II. i. 7
In sandy districts the earless marmot is a constant source of amusement. [Note] I think this is the earth squirrel of some writers,—the spermophile of F. Cuvier.
1857 W. Chandless II. x. 311
Little heaps of earth thrown out from the burrowings of the earth-squirrel, who generally sat on the top of the heap, sunning himself.
1826 R. K. Greville IV. 211
1863 2 331
Of all the wicked-looking Fungi, none have so weird an appearance as the black Geoglossum. It is well termed Earth-tongue, for it springs in a tongue shape from the ground, black and glutinous.
1939 D. C. Peattie xviii. 231
On the ground little earth-tongue fungi stuck out their tongues.
1991 D. Alora xi. 214
Velvety black earth tongue (Tricoglossum hirsutum)... This dainty mushroom is often overlooked because of its dark color. Several similar but less velvety black earth tongues belong to a related genus, Geoglossum.
1796 tr. F. Le Vaillant II. 323
Beside these hyænas and the jackals..I remarked the cry of some other animal. My people distinguished it by the name of the earth-wolf. I do not know it.
1833 I. 4/2
The genus proteles contains but a single species, the Aard-wolf or earth-wolf.., so called by the European colonists in the neighbourhood of Algoa Bay in South Africa.
1898 19 Jan. 5/4
A curious pair has come to live in the Zoo—specimens of the African Aard Wolf, which means Earth Wolf.
1988 J. Branford in E. G. Stanley & T. F. Hoad 75
The name [sc. ‘wolf’] has not survived in English on its own, but it is still found in compounds like strandwolf (beach wolf), streepwolf (striped wolf), and aardwolf (earth wolf, the maned jackal).
1968 11 Nov. b2/5
Much of the exhibit consists of photographs, because most earth art is outdoors.
1984 D. Lodge i. 38
Earth art—you know, those designs miles long that you can only appreciate from an aeroplane.
2004 25 Apr. (Mag.) 25/1
We've just walked to the middle of the 1,500ft of serpentine coils that make up Robert Smithson's Spiral Jetty, perhaps the world's best-known work of earth art.
1918 L. K. Jones I. 134
There is a type of mediumship that concerns itself only with the production of paintings... The colors are different from any that can be found in the studio of any earth-artist.
1969 3 Apr. 5/2
Sand, salt, and grass are materials used by other ‘Earth’ artists.
2003 G. Silk in D. A. Pisano
Forsaking the confines of the gallery and museum in favor of working directly in the land, earth artists commonly produce large-scale art, often in remote places.
1790 B. Poellnitz Let. 20 Mar. in G. Washington
Presidential Ser. V. 265
My implements I thinck [sic] are equal to the undertaking... 1 mill for fattening cattle. 1 Earth augre. 1 augre for conducting water works. [etc.].
1861 5 Apr. 360/1
An earth auger for boring post holes.
1981 E. K. Blankenbaker xv. 183/1
Bored wells are made with an earth auger. It drills a hole which is larger in diameter than the casing.
1702 at Canvas Bags
The French call them Sacs-a-Terre, that is, Earth-Bags.
1804 T. Sunderland vi. 73
An earth bag contains about a cubic foot of earth, and used to raise a parapet in haste, or to repair one.
1936 1 Aug. 2/3
Earth bags were piled up around historic St. Paul's Indian Mission.
2005 A. Kennedy in J. Ostrow ii. 26
Adobe plaster..covers the earth bags that create the walls around and between the structural wood skeleton.
1839 Mrs. Hale 401
On the distant heights Soft clouds, earth-based, repose.
a1868 C. Harpur
Yon rude hills Uppiled against the south like rugged banks Of earth-based cloud.
The support also carries an azimuth reference to supply the third earth-based quantity, heading.
1959 19 Sept. 181/1
Earth-based telescopes..have long been the principal tool for the exploration of the moon.
1987 R. A. Thompson & L. S. Thompson ii. C-ii. 127
If..a person could travel at 80 percent of the speed of light to the ‘dog star’, Sirius,..the round trip by earth-based time standards would take fifteen years.
2005 10 Mar. 163/2
Methane clouds in Titan's troposphere have been observed in Earth-based images.
1765 tr. G. van Swieten XII. 200
I have formerly heard..that through the whole kingdom of Granada, they have a method of curing a phthisis by an earth bath [L. per balneum terrae].
a1832 J. Mackintosh Mem. in R. J. Mackintosh
I. i. 28
He endeavoured to make himself conspicuous, by..the earth bath, which consisted in burying himself in the ground up to the neck.
1907 8 May 4/2
Graham advocated earth-baths.
25 Aug. 8
The physician told Dickinson to take an ‘earth bath’ in his native soil for four hours.
1841 Sept. 526
It was a strong and thick wall..with only small low gun-ports, and a defense between one gun-port and another of a thick earth battery of equal height with the wall.
1846 Suppl. II. 620/1
In some cases, where a constant current of low intensity is required, this earth battery would become very useful.
1858 Apr. 371/2
The only winding-up required by this extraordinary clock is a feed of zinc to the earth-battery when it shall have become oxydized by long use.
This invention pertains to earth batteries..and more particularly, to a battery in which one electrode is a veined material located in the earth.
An earth battery may also be included, at least partially contained within the real estate sign and supplying power to the real estate sign.
1567 A. Golding tr. Ovid
vii. f. 82v
These earthbred [L. terrigenae] brothers by and by did one another wound.
1603 H. Crosse sig. M3v
These aboriginies, earth-bred wormes,..will stand vpon termes of gentilitie.
1729 R. Savage i. 26
Rude, earth-bred Storms o'er meaner Valleys blow.
1831 1 60
Those fine sentiments and wide views which they find so useless, amidst the earth-bred spirits that surround them.
1910 B. B. Gilchrist ii. 30
Her earth-bred sense taught her when to respect it [sc. convention] and when to set it aside.
A direct comparison of the space-bred flies with the Earth-bred control flies.
1627 T. May tr. Lucan
vi. sig. K3
Let flying Parthians still admire alone The brittle earth-built walls of Babylon.
1795 S. Ireland 4
Clay, or earth-built huts.
1884 July 133/2
The strong earth-built forts wherein the Persian garrisons for generations past had lived on guard.
1930 18 Feb. 50/3
To quarry out and build up a semi-circular amphitheatre half a mile in diameter in place of the distant and earth-built amphitheatres of the famed Delhi Durbars.
2003 A. Steen et al. 53/1
In many climates, earth-built walls hold up to weather and erosion, provided they are built on good foundations.
Earth Cars, 10.
1874 E. H. Knight I. 769/2
Earth-car, a car for transporting gravel and stone in railway operations.
Whatever methods may be adopted, the dredges of all kinds, the excavators, the loading derricks, the rails, locomotives, and earth cars are amply sufficient.
Tis der..Goð o felde to a furȝ, and falleð ðarinne, In eried lond er in erð-chine, for to bilirten fuȝeles.
1990 Dec. 63
Maurice Strong..proposed that the world meeting agree on an Earth Charter and a ‘prioritized agenda’ to be known as Agenda 21 to implement it.
1994 18 103/2
The Earth Council has the following elements:..Earth Charter. A statement of values for wide general acceptance will be articulated and promoted, building on the range of existing charters and declarations.
2 Sept. i. 24/4
Multinational efforts like Earth Charter, which push nations and corporations to embrace a sense of ethical responsibility to the earth.
1863 24 115
Mr. Young..has for two years had an earth-closet in a small room within ten feet of that used by his lodgers..as a dining room.
1917 H. W. Conn
They are immensely numerous in the vicinity of earth closets or privies, and the soil near sink drains and manure heaps is filled with them.
1964 L. Woolf I. 60
An earth closet discretely, but ineffectively, hidden in a grove of cherry laurels.
2004 17 Nov. 16/6
I built my own earth closet—essentially a commode with a bucket inside, and a supply of dried earth from the garden.
a1552 J. Leland
Though betwixt Cawoode and Rotheram be good Plenti of Wood, yet the People burne much Yerth Cole.
1612 S. Sturtevant To Rdr. sig. A2
To bring Earth-coale to that equallity of heat that Wood or Char-coale hath.
1756 R. Rolt
Coal, a black, sulphurous, inflammable matter,..being sometimes called pit-coal, Scotch-coal, Welch-coal, cannel-coal, fossil-coal, earth-coal, [etc.].
1807 R. Southey I. ii. 12
They burn earth-coal every where.
1957 F. Jonas tr. N. M. Karamzin iv. 261
In both the towns and villages, all the houses are brick, with the roofs, and unpainted. Everywhere you see the smoke of earth coal.
2001 R. Hannesson i. 3
The story of how iron came to be made with earth coal instead of charcoal involved many failed experiments and entrepreneurs who went broke.
Each wire has an earth connection at its two extremities, and when a current is made to pass along the wire by means of the galvanic battery, it returns by the conducting power of the earth.
1938 6 Oct. 9/5
Here is the ideal set for immediate use in the home or office. It can be taken instantly to any room or floor and switched on at once, requiring no aerial or earth connections.
You cannot test a double-insulated appliance, as it has no earth connection in the plug.
(Univ. of Texas at El Paso)
27 Feb. 2
Earth conscious protestors tried to save trees from being destroyed in the name of a bigger football stadium.
2006 17 Aug. 57/1
All inside a shop that runs on ‘earth-conscious’ power sources.
1858 16 Oct. 364/1
If this earth current were at all constant in its quantities or direction, it would be quite easy to compensate for it.
1925 H. C. Booth tr. F. Auerbach
The deflection..can..also be caused by the discharge current in static electricity, or by Hertzian waves or by earth currents.
1961 M. G. Say
The most usual fault is a breakdown between a line and earth, producing a condition of unbalance involving unequal phase currents and voltages and a more or less important ‘residual’ earth current.
2008 G. Ziegler
In meshed networks, additional care must be taken because the earth-current is split between several lines.
An Earth Dam across the Avon at Canon's Marsh, to be formed from the Earth excavated from Canon's Marsh.
1920 A. W. Grabau xv. 398
By the final overflow of the lake-water, and the accompanying destruction of the earth dam, disastrous floods may sweep the valley below.
2007 M. Parker xxiv. 441
The principle of earth dams is based on the fact that most clays are impervious.
1856 Aug. 87/1
The day's wearisome work came at last to its close, as..all the earth-days must.
1863 J. D. Dana 744
A Deity working in creation, like a day-laborer, by earth-days of twenty-four hours..is a belittling conception.
1954 C. Oliver in W. F. Nolan
The ten Earth-days of the Venusian night had been busy and full.
1970 19 Jan. a7/5
‘Earth Day’ drive slated in April.
1990 P. Moore 11
The planets move round the sun at various distances, in periods ranging from 88 Earth-days for Mercury up to 248 years for Pluto.
2008 B. A. Lewis 85/2
Celebrate Earth Day... Regardless of when you mark the occasion, be sure to do something to help the planet on its special day.
1809 J. Montgomery in J. Montgomery et al. 50
It is remarkable that ‘earth-eating’, as it is called, is an infectious, and even a social malady.
1852 T. Ross tr. A. von Humboldt II. xxiv. 499
These examples of earth-eating in the torrid zone appear very strange.
1869 tr. F. A. Pouchet
There are a tolerably large number of earth-eating tribes in North America.
Haemoglobin and ferritin levels were significantly lower among earth eating women.
2002 W. M. Geserland & R. A. Kearns 123
John Hunter..traced the origins and diffusion of geophagy or earth-eating in Africa and the USA.
1649 C. Hoole ii. 162/1
It being calld in general Linum fossile; in English, Earth-flax and in particular Linum Indicum by Cœlius Rhodiginus.
1728 J. Woodward 14
English talc, of which the coarser sort is call'd Plaister, or Parget, the finer, Spaad, Earth-Flax, or Salamander's Hair.
1914 J. D. Sawyer vi. 236
Asbestos (earth flax) and mineral wool..were used wherever there was danger of a charred timber.
1938 28 350
Most of the denudation was due to mass movement—slow, downhill soil-creep, earthflow, and slumping.
1979 B. J. Knapp iv. 61/2
Solifluction..is equivalent to a slow earthflow in temperate regions.
17 Apr. c1
A 17-hectare swath of land adjacent to the town slid into the river in an ‘earthflow’ when the marine clay suddenly liquefied.
1827 J. L. Comstock 92
Aphrite. Earth foam.
1872 H. Watts I. 349
A soft friable variety of it [sc. aphrite] called earth-foam.
1885 19 264
Are we prepared to admit that the globe actually contracted to that extent during the formation of the Appalachian earth-folds?
1918 52 2
These iron tracks [sc. railways] may surmount difficult and lofty ranges; or may burrow their way through the earth-folds.
(Anglo-Iranian Oil Co.)
Anticline, an earth-fold in which the strata are uplifted in the form of an arch.
1833 20 Jan. 1/1
I..contented myself with separating the central portion [of the potato], as I should have done had it been wounded in digging up with an earth fork, and then ate the remainder.
1968 7 Mar. 4/7
Thinking of fishing makes one dream of rocking in a boat instead of slaving with an earth fork and hoe.
1989 27 Apr. 26/2
On the back side of the pack, this declaration of greenness would be qualified by information explaining exactly in what way the product was earth friendly.
1991 Jan.–Feb. 80/3
Ask yourself a few questions as you peruse merchandise stamped with Earth-friendly slogans.
2001 T. H. Culley
We should..let these immediate improvements have their long-term, earth-friendly consequences.
1858 June 57
The Heaven-girls are fond and true; the earth-girls are too often inconstant and cold at heart.
1903 Mar. 468/2
The next [tale relates] how a small sea-maiden and a little earth-girl changed places.
1911 H. K. Vielé Girl from Mercury in IV. 793
The fancy took me to suspend intuition just to see how Earth girls feel.
6 July 27
The Man of Steel may have a rod of iron but his powers mean he could never make love to a normal earth girl.
1894 J. Geikie
Vast quantities of rock-rubbish would thus gradually collect at the base of the Rock [of Gibraltar], and when the snow melted in summer, the rubbish, becoming saturated, would move forward en masse, like the so-called earth-glaciers of the Rocky Mountains.
1610 J. Healey tr. St. Augustine vii. xxviii. 289
How can those heauen-gods now be earth-gods, or these earth-gods haue roomes aboue or reference to heauen?
1871 A. C. Swinburne 148
The earth-god Freedom.
1904 Sept. 312
As an embodiment of the earth-god the king was responsible for the fruits of the earth.
1996 J. Brown
Protectors of the local community, Earth Gods have been worshipped for centuries on the mainland.
1835 tr. C. O. Müller 162
This district, which abounded in very ancient temples of the Earth-goddesses [Ger. Erdgöttinnen].
1958 C. Achebe v. 31
It was an occasion for giving thanks to Ani, the earth goddess and the source of all fertility.
1996 F. Popcorn & L. Marigold ii. 131
One of the American Indian targets is the Church of Gaia, named after a Greek earth goddess, which blends Indian rituals with ecology.
1880 A. R. Wallace 83
The opposite belief, which is now rapidly gaining ground among the students of earth-history.
1958 R. C. Moore
The first major division of earth history determinable from rocks exposed at the surface is the Cryptozoic Eon.
2006 24 Mar. 1747/2
These changes..led us to reexamine the climate associated with the last major sea-level rise above modern levels that occurred in Earth history.
1814 G. H. von Langsdorff ii. i. 26
The earth huts we make are very warm.
1863 V. 787/2
Khiva..consists almost entirely of earth-huts, not excepting the residence of the khan, the only brick buildings being three mosques.
1970 D. A. Avdusin in 104
The Russian towns usually contain the remains of semi-subterranean timber-lined earth huts.
16 June 15
Most of Qunu's residents still live in earth huts with thatched or iron roofs.
1871 91 350
The third method demands a knowledge of the coil surface of an earth inductor, and the absolute intensity of the earth's magnetism.
1953 C. A. Lindbergh ii. vi. 182
Plane ready; engine ready; earth-inductor compass set on course.
The earth inductor has almost completely supplanted the dip circle throughout the world for precise measurement of magnetic inclination.
2004 D. Radcliffe & A. Mahood vi. 125
The plane's rotating coil earth inductor compass should keep you on course.
From the top part a double earth-lead branches off, being..soldered with rod, whereby a well conducting connection is attained.
17 Jan. 5
A wiring diagram embossed on the bottom of the socket could mislead people into connecting the live lead to earth and the earth lead to the live terminal.
1887 16 185
The Board of Trade regulations..made special provision that these mains should be completely detached from the houses at the time the electric light was in use in those houses, and in this manner the dangers from earth leakages would be minimised.
1935 12 51
A simple earth-leakage trip relay for incorporation in domestic apparatus.
1985 C. S. Ward
The second method of improving safety is to install a current-operated earth-leakage circuit breaker.
2004 P. Hymers xi. 214
RCDs are residual circuit breakers that immediately trip out the supply if an earth leakage is detected.
1842 W. Howitt v. 93
This is unquestionably the highest misery in this earth-life, if the affairs of God, through guilt, come to a dead pause in their lively developement.
1906 28 May 3/4
One brief day—as long as seven years of this earth-life.
1958 15 Mar. 353/2
The spy from Outer Space..will be happy to discover..an authentic smell, that is, of mid-century earth-life in general.
28 June 25
He is the player who will curse the planetary interaction that overlapped his earth life with that of Roger Federer.
1850 S. Judd xxii. 250
My teacher..used to instruct us that there was an earth-line of the sky, as well as a sky-line of the earth.
1907 R. Kipling
They are concerned with matters hidden—under the earth-line their altars are.
1952 N. Nicholson in C. Dyment 63
A day with sky so wide, So stripped of cloud..that you can see The earth-line as a curve.
Figures 4 and 5 show circuits without earth loops, in which two oppositely directed rectifiers Zt and Zs are provided in the subscriber's station.
1968 15 June 1262/1
The possibility of earth loops was noted in relation to other equipment to which the patient might be attached.
2003 A. Nisbett
Hum may..be caused by making connections by separate paths to a common earth, which creates an earth loop that picks up signals from power lines.
1803 J. Ainslie in A. Hunter et al. I. xvii. 226
A very considerable number of earth-marls are of a stony hardness.
1831 I. 311
The origin of earth-marl is a subject of curious inquiry.
1570 J. Dee in H. Billingsley tr. Euclid xii. sig. 388v
It was nedefull for Mechanicall earthmeasures, not to be ignorant of the measure and contents of the circle.
1946 H. McKay i. 15
There is another earth measure that has intrigued men from of old, the tilt of the earth's axis.
1999 C. Hoffman v. 93
The Mesopotamians were the first to make maps with north oriented up and south down, creating a correspondence between Earth-measure (geography) to Skymeasure (astronomy).
1570 J. Dee in H. Billingsley tr. Euclid xii. sig. 388v
Geometria, that is, Earthmeasuring.
1856 25 Oct. 393/2
Earth-measuring appears to have been a favourite occupation of the French.
1921 J. Dewey
Mathematics is now a highly abstract science; geometry, however, means literally earth-measuring.
2006 G. Danson 205
In the year Topping set off on his survey of the Indian coast, far away, in Italy, Boscovish's successors were also engaged in earth measuring.
1882 124 336
The earth–moon system may have been developed from the time when the earth–moon formed one planet revolving on its axis in a few hours.
1930 J. H. Jeans
Tidal friction has in all probability been mainly responsible for the present configuration of the earth–moon system.
2002 P. C. Plait vii. 68
The center of the Earth is orbiting the Earth–Moon barycenter.
1732 II. 191/1
A certain spring of sulphurous liquor..not unlike a Petroleum: The Indians call this liquor Minjah Tunnah, e.i. earth-oil.
1755 Baker in Dalrymple I. 172
In this place [sc. ‘Raynan-Gome’ in Burma] there are about 200 Families..employed in getting Earth-oil out of Pitts.
1861 30 Mar. 105
A large earthen cup filled with earth-oil for the night watches.
1934 ‘G. Orwell’ ii. 21
Inside, the Club was a teak-walled place smelling of earth-oil.
2000 A. Ghosh
To the people of the area [around Mount Popa, Burma] this ooze was known as earth-oil: it was a dark, shimmering green.
1872 20 Jan. Suppl. 23/2
The proportion [of the meteor-cloud] which the earth orbit crosses at present, is..a tenuous tail behind the more densely crowded central group.
1914 H. C. Vedder i. i. 16
How often has the world..hailed some new light as a morning star that was to usher in the longed-for day;..until, at last, convinced that it is only some wanderer moving in a narrow earth orbit, men have turned away from it in the bitterness of despair.
1967 9 Feb. 325/1
Russian scientists..have spoken of the importance of manned space-stations in Earth-orbit.
2002 15 Nov. 1321/1
The spacecraft itself operated perfectly after launch, but something—presumably its rocket motor—blew it apart as it rocketed out of Earth orbit.
1954 9 Dec. b11/1
If there are any earth orbiting meteors—the bodies which would make ideal space ports for our use—this group should discover them.
1986 Apr. 21/3
Its location would enable it to track only some 10 percent of earth-orbiting satellites.
13 July b3
Let's begin the process of turning the ISS from an Earth-orbiting caterpillar into an interplanetary butterfly.
1900 4 Nov. 9/6
The cave is rich in colors, for it is in the region of mineral paints where the Indians gathered many of their earth pigments.
1923 L. C. Martin vi. 73
Generally speaking, the ‘earth pigments’ are the most stable and satisfactory.
1990 Apr. 78/1
Auro is the primary manufacturer of organic paints..made from natural and raw materials (such as..earth pigments).
1795 D. Walker 11
The earth-pillars have been found to descend 50 feet and upwards.
1885 P. M. Duncan
Earth-pillars with stones on their tops are relics of the country worn away all around them.
3 Jan. 2
Large earth pillars that rise from the valley floor like the pipes of a giant cathedral organ.
1855 E. W. Capron vi. 114
Multitudes of spirits..had now been granted the privilege of returning to the earth plane.
1917 8 July (Mag. section) 6/4
The authenticity of communication between the spirit world and the earth plane.
2002 N. Drury 89/1
The astral bodies of good people are believed to decompose quickly as their spirits move onto a new evolutionary path, but the elementaries of the less evolved tend to cling to the earth plane for a longer time.
1591 J. Florio 141
Children, whores, and fugitiues..A man must not beleeue these runagate earth~planets.
1611 R. Cotgrave
Villotier, a vagabond, land-loper, earth-planet, continuall gadder from towne to towne.
1847 Brett & Little 22
An earth plate..which carries the current back by the conducting powers of the earth.
1870 5 May 12/2
All owners of important isolated stations should use earth-plates at sea, and at sea only.
1913 18 June 23/4
The writer has made experiments with a small transmitting set, using no antenna, but merely wires terminating in small earth plates.
1998 M. J. Heathcote & D. P. Franklin
Earth plates are usually made of galvanized cast iron..or of copper... In small installations, driven mild steel pipes..are sometimes employed.
1827 S. T. Coleridge
In the ante-diluvian Ages..the Earth-rind on which they [sc. men] lived, might have been like a Pewter warming-plate.
1850 T. Carlyle iv. 8
On what a bottomless volcano..separated from us by a thin earth-rind, Society..in the present epoch, rests!
1871 G. Hartwig i. 5
The history of the earth-rind opens to us a vista into time.
1941 G. Schuster & G. Wint i. xi. 210
The problem in India is to remake its political system without letting loose one of these fiery outbreaks. But the Earth-rind is dangerously thin.
1708 No. 4471/2
We began..to fill the Fosse..with Fascines and Earth-Sacks.
1871 W. P. Fetridge viii. 248
General Bergeret..was ordered by the Commune to place 20,000 earth-sacks at the disposal of Colonel Henry.
1915 21 May 2/5
There was a third line of these defenses along the bank of the canal, abundantly protected by earth sacks and obstacles.
3 May r28
The south wall and interior walls will be done with ‘earth sacks’—building blocks made by filling sandbags with earth and a little water.
1949 Spring 6
The ‘earth satellite vehicle program’..is the most imagination-firing news we've heard in quite a while.
Plans to launch an earth satellite were announced in the middle of 1955.
1969 79 263
The Cyrillids [sc. a meteor shower] had been due to the decay of temporary natural Earth satellites.
2000 H. W. Thistle & J. W. Barry in C. D. Whiteman xiv. 278
GPS, is a..system that uses signals transmitted from a constellation of polar orbiting earth satellites to determine position on the surface of the earth.
1874 A. Geikie
Earth sculpture and the Huttonian school of geology.
1874 6 207
The leveling down of these mountains, has been going on for infinite ages... This is what may be called ‘earth sculpture’.
1954 33 67
The processes of earth sculpture operating in periglacial conditions..produce deposits and landforms of a special type.
2006 B. A. Kennedy 132
He [sc. C. Lyell] never fully accepted the role of rivers or land ice in Earth sculpture and was distinctly lukewarm to Darwin's evolutionary theory.
1862 N.-Y. Tribune 26 Apr. in F. Moore IV. ii. 492/2
Although one is a stone castle and the other an earth-sheltered work, a comparison between the nature and results of the two sieges would not be unfair.
1977 14 May (Classified section) p. N/6
South facing hillsides for solar, earth-sheltered homes.
26 Mar. 37
The houses will be earth-sheltered on three sides for insulation.
2002 D. D. Chiras i. 41
Below the frost line, the ground stays a fairly constant 50°F... An earth-sheltered house takes advantage of this phenomenon and remains at a fairly constant temperature year-round.
1979 25 Mar. v. 15/6
Earth sheltering must also overcome psychological barriers to living ‘underground’.
1994 Aug. 35/1
The renovation and construction of houses which incorporate energy saving features or other advanced green building technologies such as earth-sheltering.
2001 S. Roaf et al.
In earth-sheltered structures all or part of the building is sunk into the ground... An excellent introduction to the principals [sic] of earth sheltering is Sod It, by Peter Carpenter.
1816 Ld. Byron xxxiii. 53
All the living things that heard That deadly earth shock disappeared.
1887 24 June 13/3
Several places in the direction of Tashkend have suffered all the horrors of the earth shock.
1909 16 Aug. 8/2
Watch the papers today for news of an earth shock.
1979 27 Apr. 374/2
In Summerville..loud explosive noises and light earth shocks were experienced several days before the earthquake.
1999 12 456/1
The sound of the explosion and the earth shocks reached as far as Bayreuth, at a distance of 145 miles.
1898 23 Feb. 5/6
Slight additions to the mass of the earth are constantly made by the arrest of meteoric bodies passing through the atmosphere. Their influence is opposed to and rends to neutralize that of any earth shrinkage that may be going on.
1926 R. S. Lull 687
Back of these climatic changes lies, as one of the great fundamental causes, earth shrinkage, with a consequent warping of the crust which produces mountain ranges.
1942 16 Jan. 72/1
Dr. Gamow ascribes mountain-making to earth shrinkage, although he correctly computes as extremely small the amount of such shrinkage.
1892 15 June 286
Taurus an ‘earth’ sign, is polarized by Scorpio, a ‘water’ sign.
1901 19 May 13/4
Virgo is an earth sign: Aquarius, like Gemini, is an air sign.
2002 S. Perera 47
She was thorough. Well she would be, as an earth sign.
1829 W. Scott I. ii. 41
You have come along the edge of the precipice which the earth-slide hath laid bare.
1832 C. J. Latrobe ix. 337
I stood upon the brink of one of those tremendous earth-slides which are frequently met with in those portions of the Alps.
1960 12 Mar. 10/4
An earthslide approximately 30 feet long and 6 to 12 feet deep covered the..road.
2005 H.-L. Paus in T. Glade et al. 275
The initiation of earthslides by earthquakes has been underestimated in the past.
1859 5 Aug. 256/2
To begin first with large faces of rocks, gulleys, crevices, earth slips,..it will require some preparatory study.
1883 G. Vigfusson & F. Y. Powell 524
The king was buried under an earth-slip.
1997 May 54/3
Tramp over gorse and heather to rejoin the coast path near Great Red—a massive earthslip.
17 Jan. 6
Although there was an earthslip there was no immediate danger to trains on either line.
1846 Feb. 130/2
This lower, or Earth Soul is likewise creative.
1871 A. C. Swinburne 149
The earth-soul Freedom, that only Lives, and that only is God.
1912 W. James iv. 136
Speculations like Fechner's, of an Earth-soul, of wider spans of consciousness enveloping narrower ones throughout the cosmos, are..philosophically quite in order.
1948 C. Day Lewis 64
You might well surmise They are earth-souls.
2000 W. Wachhorst i. 15
The wild-minded apriorist [sc. Johannes Kepler] whose speculations had included an Earth soul and radiations from the planets that shaped human lives.
1809 Aug. 69
Wood spirits, field spirits, mountain spirits, fire spirits, air spirits, earth spirits, [etc.].
1912 E. Thurston vii. 214
Human sacrifice is considered efficacious in appeasing the earth spirit, and in warding off devils during the construction of a new railway.
21 Aug. 15
The musical showcase opened yesterday with a pagan religious ceremony meant to welcome the Earth spirits to the site.
1868 4th Ser. 35 66
One of these springs (the earth-spring) is connected with the earth.
An earth spring is mounted on the cable substrate.
1935 5 July 5/1
From beginning to end of the flight the balloon was in radio communication with the ground. The balloon's radio station was called ‘Luna’ and the earth station ‘Venus’.
1977 J. McPhee ii. 164
Alaska is attempting to solve the problem with RCA earth stations that are trained on satellites.
27 Dec. 9
The satellite side of Goonhilly, the largest earth station in the world, is facing almost certain closure.
1822 E. J. Willson Gloss. Gothic Archit. 14/1 in A. Pugin
We meet with several particular tables in old accounts. As the earth-table, or ground-table, for the basement, or lowest course of stone above the foundation.
1833 J. Dallaway 175
Earth table—base tablets—‘a course without’, the first horizontal moulding above the ground.
1860 June 130
The base moulding of the tower is simply chamfered, and has a very weak effect by the side of the bold earth-table of the earlier building.
1996 W. Bucher 269/2
Ledgment table, the lowest horizontal molding on the exterior of a building, except for the earth table.
1594 C. Marlowe & T. Nashe i. sig. A2
This earth threatning aire, That shaken thrise, makes Natures buildings quake.
1980 7 Dec. vi. 5/2
In last year's ‘Star Trek: The Motion Picture’, unknown aliens transformed our long-lost Voyager probe into an Earth-threatening monster.
1996 25 Apr. p. vii/1
A mechanism by which this asteroid and others might be perturbed into Earth-threatening orbits.
1886 XXI. 626/2
The ground is subject to other movements. Some..which may be called ‘earth-tiltings’, show themselves by a slow bending and unbending of the surface.
1959 16 399
The relation between earth tilting and subsequent shocks in the Tolmezzo records.
1857 P. St. G. Cooke xiv. 365
The starry hosts which sang together before the face of God, ere Earth-time began.
1951 A. C. Clarke ii. 15
We keep normal Earth-time—Greenwich Meridian—aboard the [space-]ship.
2001 J. Robbins iii. xiv. 259
In what by any measure of Earth time is a mere microsecond, we have raised the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere by 25 percent.
12 Jan. 24
It takes Saturn a little more than 29 years, in Earth time, to orbit the Sun.
1819 in R. Orton
This change in the seasons was accompanied on the 22d, 23d, and 24th..with midnight earth-tremors.
1886 XXI. 629/1
This kind of action has..been turned to account as a means of detecting very minute earth tremors by Rossi.
1951 Apr. 247/1
The 1949 eruption of Ngauruhoe began at about 2:30 on the morning of February 9, following..a premonitory earth tremor.
2001 Winter 23/1
Minor earth tremors were common leading to rock fall and landslips.
1477 in L. T. Smith
Garthyners, erthe wallers, pavers, dykers.
2004 19 Nov. 25/1
Rural craft workers, including..earth wallers.
1848 1 Jan. 7/1
That earth wave which lifted up the land under Lisbon, destroyed nearly the whole of the town, and communicated itself in every direction.
1878 T. H. Huxley
[In earthquakes] near the sea the water waves may be far more destructive than the earth waves.
1907 Aug. 220
The unfelt earth-waves through and around the globe.
2007 11 Jan. b6/4
The earth wave passed under the hotel in front of us, and the building instantly fell down.
There are several of these resins known under various local names. They are, for instance..the ‘ozokerit’ or ‘earth-wax,’ from Moldavia.
1958 W. T. O'Dea 216
Ozokerit, or ‘earth~wax’, found in the region of the Roumanian oil wells, later proved..superior, at a price, to paraffin wax candles.
2008 39 372/2
As a result of their heterogeneity, earth wax, fossil resins,..and shungite are not classified as minerals.
1885 Sir R. Rawlinson in 17 Jan. 1/2
Stockport, where men had been set to test work at earth-wheeling.
1908 F. Maire iv. 40
Earth whites are so named to distinguish that class of pigments which owe their origin to mother earth in contradistinction to those which are derived from a metallic origin.
1997 M. B. Cohn tr. iii. 63/2
Kaolin, earth white, pumice (aluminum silicate).
1834 T. Carlyle Sartor Resartus iii. x, in Aug. 188/2
1841 Jan. 79
Of earthworship, and its introduction from the North into the rest of the world.
1920 L. Spence 354/2
Earth worship, or rather the propitiation of earth spirits, was a prominent feature of Scottish paganism.
2005 R. Johnston Staver 151
Human sacrifice was almost certainly a feature of earth worship.
1870 J. D. Steele 253
A Jovian year equals 11.86 earth-years.
1953 E. F. Russell
It would take them most of an Earth-year to reach the fortieth parallel.
2006 S. M. Stirling xiv. 296
A girl of about ten Earth-years ran by, white-blond hair trailing.
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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, November 2010; most recently modified version published online September 2021).
In this entry:
In other dictionaries:
- ear-rent, n.1612
- earring, n.OE
- earringed, adj.1758
- earshot, n.1607
- ear-sore, n.1594
- ear-sore, adj.1859
- ear tab, n.1851
- ear tag, n.1876
- ear-tag, v.1920
- earth, n.1eOE
- earth, n.2eOE
- earth, v.c1450
- earth apple, n.OE
- earth-ball, n.1815
- earth-bed, n.a1400
- earthboard, n.1652
- earth-born, adj.1591
- earthbound, adj.1a1616
- earthbound, adj.21904
- earth colour | earth...1658
- earth-coloured | ear...1722
- earthdin, n.OE
- earthed, adj.1648
- earthen, adj.OE
- earthen, v.1708
- earthenware, n.a1624
- earthfast, adj.OE
- earth fill, n.1877
- earth-gall, n.eOE
- earthgrine, n.c1325
- earth horn, n.?a1400
- earth house, n.eOE
- earth hunger, n.a1661
- earthiness, n.a1398
- earthing, n.a1400
- earthish, adj.?1533
- Earthite, n.1814
- earthland, n.eOE
- earthless, adj.1679
- earth-light, n.1810