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artificial intelligence, n.

Brit. Hear pronunciation/ˌɑːtᵻfɪʃl ɪnˈtɛlᵻdʒ(ə)ns/
U.S. Hear pronunciation/ˈɑrdəˌfɪʃ(ə)l ᵻnˈtɛlədʒ(ə)ns/
Frequency (in current use):  Show frequency band information
Origin: Formed within English, by compounding. Etymons: artificial adj., intelligence n.

  The capacity of computers or other machines to exhibit or simulate intelligent behaviour; the field of study concerned with this. Abbreviated AI.

1955   J. McCarthy et al. 31 Aug. (title)    A proposal for the Dartmouth summer research project on artificial intelligence.
1956   M. L. Minsky Heuristic Aspects Artificial Intell. Probl. (M.I.T. Lincoln Lab. Group Rep. 34–55) iv. 4   In the random decisions desired in the domain of artificial intelligence, I am confident that the ‘precision’ required of pseudo-random sequences will be very much less than for mathematical or numerical purposes.
1966   Y. Bar-Hillel in Automatic Transl. of Lang. (NATO Summer School, Venice, 1962) 22   Though computers have been programmed to do certain things..it would be disastrous to extrapolate from these primitive exhibitions of artificial intelligence to something like translation.
1973   Sci. News 4 Aug. 76/1   Engineers..have combined a computer, a television camera and a mechanical arm into a system with enough artificial intelligence to recognize blocks of various sizes.
1993   Sci. Amer. Nov. 72/1 (caption)    A pioneer in the subdiscipline of artificial intelligence known as natural language processing.
2000   Guardian 28 Oct. i. 10/3   Magna has enlisted the team from the TV programme Robot Wars to make ‘flyborgs’—radio-controlled blimps with artificial intelligence.
2007   Fuzzy Sets & Syst. 158 927   Choquet integrals were proposed more than 50 years ago, and are used in various fields, like economics, decision theory, and artificial intelligence.

1955—2007(Hide quotations)


This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, December 2008; most recently modified version published online December 2021).