time, n., int., and conj.
), OE tim-
(in compounds), OE tima
, OE tyma
, OE (chiefly late) ME– time
, lOE–17 tyme
, ME teime
, ME teme
), ME tjme
, ME tyne
(transmission error), ME 16 teyme
, ME 16 tim
, ME–16 tym
, lME tome
(transmission error), 15 taym
, 15 thyme
, 18– tahm
)), 18– tahme
)), 18– toime
) and Irish English
, pre-17 tayem
, pre-17 taym
, pre-17 tayme
, pre-17 tem
, pre-17 teyme
, pre-17 thyme
, pre-17 tiem
, pre-17 tyem
, pre-17 tymm
, pre-17 tymme
, pre-17 17 tym
, pre-17 17– time
, pre-17 17– tyme
, pre-17 (19– southern
, pre-17 19– tim
, 19– toime
); also Irish English
), 19– tim
, in compounds). (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):
Origin: A word inherited from Germanic.
Cognate with German regional (Alemannic) zīmə
(recorded in written sources as Zimen
(neuter) time, time of the year, opportune time, opportunity (1556)), Old Icelandic tími
(masculine) time, season, occasion, fit or proper time, prosperity, Old Swedish time
time, period of time, hour, occasion, opportunity, appointed time, appropriate time, circumstances of the time (Swedish timme
, now chiefly ‘hour’), Old Danish time
time, period of time, hour, occasion, appropriate time (Danish time
, now chiefly ‘hour’), showing a formation < the same Germanic base as
with a different derivative suffix (ultimately the same Indo-European suffix as probably shown also by e.g. , , classical Latin sēmen
The origin of the shared base of
is uncertain and disputed: it is often identified ultimately with the same Indo-European base as ancient Greek δαίεσθαι
to divide, Sanskrit day-
to divide, allot, although a different account connects it ultimately with the same Indo-European base as classical Latin diū
for a long time, Sanskrit dyūn
(in anu dyūn
throughout the days, all the time), and the second element of Gothic sinteino
always; compare also Armenian ti
age, which may be related (it is normally derived from a reconstructed form which would be an exact parallel for ), although it is difficult to connect this with either of these Indo-European bases.
In Old English usually a weak masculine (tīma
); in later Old English a strong masculine (tīme
) is also attested. The West Saxon form
shows a reverse spelling after the monophthongization of ῑe
(compare A. Campbell Old Eng. Gram.
In modern Scots the form tim
shows an unstressed variant; it is also found in Irish English (northern) in compounds, as e.g. suppertim
In a number of specific senses probably after similar specific uses of the word for ‘time’ in Latin and in Romance languages.
(with reference to weather) probably partly after post-classical Latin tempus
(12th cent. in this sense), and partly after Middle French temps
weather (12th cent. in Old French in this sense).
(in prosody) and
(in music) probably ultimately after classical Latin tempus
denoting a unit of length of sound. In uses in music at sense
probably ultimately after similar uses of post-classical Latin tempus
(see ) or Italian tempo
(in grammar) after Middle French temps
(14th cent. in this sense) or classical Latin tempus
(in dressage) after French temps
(1680 or earlier in this sense).
In Old English largely overlapping in sense with (more common) tīd
The two words occasionally occur together, sometimes as synonyms; compare:
OE Lambeth Psalter xxxvi. 39
Protector eorum in tempore tribulationis: gescyldnes uel beweriend heora on timan uel on tide gedrefednysse.
OE Note on Six Ages of World
in A. S. Napier Wulfstan
An yld is geteald of Adame to Noe.., fifte of ðam heregange to Cristes gebyrdtiman, sixte of ures drihtnes gebyrdtide to þam ende, þe god ana wat.
1440 Promptorium Parvulorum
Tyme, idem quod tyyde [1499 Pynson tyme, whyle, tempus].
And sometimes with (more or less) clearly distinct senses; compare:
OE Guthlac A 754
Hwæt we þissa wundra gewitan sindon! Eall þas geeodon in ussera tida timan.
OE Judgement Day II 83
Nu þu scealt greotan, tearas geotan, þa hwile tima sy and tid wopes.
OE Laws: Norðhymbra Preosta Lagu
Gif preost on gesetne timan tida ne ringe oððe tida ne singe, gebete þæt.
Ælfric's Homily on Nativity of Christ
in A. O. Belfour 12th Cent. Homilies in MS Bodl. 343
Nes nan timæ ne nefræ nane tide, ne nan oðre gesceaft þe he ane ne isceop.
Compare also time and (also or) tide
In senses ,
the usual word in Old English and early Middle English is
A. n. I.
An extent of time.
Considered as a period.
A specific period of time.
†(a) An hour. Compare . Obsolete. rare.
His firme kinde dei was a-gon On walkenes turn, wid dai and nigt Of foure and twenti time rigt.
l. 1405 (MED)
Riht into helle he eode; Fourti tymen [v.r. tymes; Fr. ures] þer he wes þo þat he vprisen ches.
(b) A period of time mentioned in certain biblical passages, usually understood to be a year.Almost entirely in the form a time and times and half a time , this being sometimes used hyperbolically to denote an extremely or inordinately long time.
Apoc. xii. 14
She is fed bi tyme, and tymes, and the half of tyme [v.r. half a tyme; L. alitur per tempus et tempora et dimidium temporis].
Dan. xii. 7
For in to tyme, and tymys, and the half of tyme [L. in tempus, et tempora, et dimidium temporis].
1482 W. Caxton tr. iii. iii. f. cxvii
He shal greue god almyghties holy people that shal be bitaken vnto his hande vnto the tyme and tymes and halfe a tyme that is vnto a yere and two yeres and half a yere.
1526 Rev. xii. 14
She is norysshed for a tyme, tymes, and halffe a tyme. [Similarly in later versions.]
1584 E. Paget tr. J. Calvin 643
First he spake thus, the calamitie of the church shall endure for a time, times, and halfe a time. But now he reckeneth the thre yeares and sixe moneths by dayes.
1631 B. Jonson Staple of Newes iii. ii. 129 in II
The Saints do write, they expect a Prophet, shortly, The Prophet Baal, to be sent ouer to them, To calculate a time, and halfe a time, and the whole time, according to Naömetry.
1657 J. Rowland tr. J. Johnstone 10
That Woman in the Apocalyps..which had lain hidden there for a Time, Times, and Half a time, or 245. yeers.
1772 G. Killingworth 16
The time which their prophecy will continue..is a time, times, and an half time, or 1200 days.
1841 Nov. 347
He will wield his sword with terrific violence..causing them to retreat to their chambers in sackcloth and ashes until the times and time and half-a-time shall have ended.
1905 S. N. Haskell iii. 64
A parable of the church history during the time, times, and half a time—the three and one half years of the papal supremacy.
1922 Nov. 591/1
I see a group of Chinese gentlemen..spend ‘time, times and half a time’ delicately fingering a few jades.
1984 G. W. Buchanan vi. 203
The ‘time, two times, and half a time’ that took place between the defilement and the rededication of the temple.
c. With of or (more commonly) genitive. The space of a specified period of time. Esp. after in (also within) indicating a limit of time.The premodifying genitive plural is frequently written without an apostrophe.
c1430 N. Love
Thou moste abyde the tyme of nyne monthes: that is while thou art noȝt perfiȝtly grounded in vertues.
1450 in 34 (MED)
Un to the tyme that the time of vj yere of on apprentice be fully complesched & passed.
c1565 R. Copland iii. sig. B.iv
Would God sayth she that I were vnlaced Or els may chaunce with chylde that she go Of .x. wekes tyme.
1600 C. Tourneur sig. Cv
One day? nay sure a twelue-months time t'will be, Ere seriant death will call me at my doore.
1656 Earl of Monmouth tr. T. Boccalini i. xxviii. 77
The Macedonians..thought to have sipt up every mans State in less then a months time.
1693 C. Mather Diary in
7th Ser. VII. 167
A Distemper, which in less than a Week's time usually carried off my Neighbours.
1748 J. Wesley
There was to begin in an hour's time a famous cockfight.
1786 P. Lovelass
In the time of six days they could not procure any other land or place to put in the cattle.
1843 J. H. Ingraham ix. 27
You shall be in Boston in an hour and a half's time.
1898 July 264/1
Within a year's time Uncle Sam will have five more battleships.
1904 7 May 19/3
It costs you but a few minutes time.
1910 Aug. 29/1
A candidate failing to present himself for initiation within the time of four weeks, after his initiation fee had been paid in full.
1946 Dec. 555/1
Well sure enough, they wasn't hardly two months' time betwixt the weddin' and the funeral.
2010 27 June (New Review) 5/2
Bikes in 20 years' time will be chainless.
b. With the. Used in various expressions to indicate the extent to which an action, state, etc., takes place, occurs, or endures, or has always been the case, as all the time, much of the time, etc.
1684 L. W. Finch in L. W. Finch et al. tr. Cornelius Nepos Ded. sig. a8
He is the Master of true Courage, that all the time sedately stemms the Ship.
1712 R. Steele No. 296. ⁋7
The Ladies..laugh immoderately all the Time.
We try'd under a double reef'd Mainsail, great Part of the Time.
1833 A. Sutton xi. 322
The generality of the people heard well some of the time, and some of them all the time.
1879 July 357/1
The women are occupied much of the time in preparing farinha.
1923 E. Hemingway 18
Part of the time he talked in D'Ampezzo dialect and sometimes in Tyroler German dialect.
1947 J. Van Druten ii. ii. 90
Isn't it funny, to think that all those things, like electricity, were there all the time..just waiting to be discovered?
1969 14 Feb. 11/1
Much of the time I feel like death. I am in rather a bad temper.
2010 Apr. 31/1
You've..looked in the mirror, sucked in your stomach and thought, ‘I wish I could look like this all the time.’
b. The orbital period of a celestial object; = . Now chiefly in .
1764 J. Ferguson ii. 21
The squares of the times of their going round are as the cubes of their distances from the centers of the circles they describe.
1850 xv. 262
The forces are the masses, and may be found by dividing the cube of the distance of a body moving round one of them divided by the square of its time.
1883 Nov. 432
The squares of the times are equal to the cubes of distances. It follows then that if we square the periodic time of any planet, we know that the square is equal to the cube of its distance from the Sun.
2008 J. Ivie iii. 39
You've lived but a moon's time in this place.
Usually with possessive or of
. The period which is contemporary with the life, rule, activity, dominance, etc., of a specified person or group of people; (a person's) age, era, or generation. Cf. .
3 Esdras i. 20
There is not solempnisid such a pasch in Irael, fro the times of Samuel [L. a temporibus Samuelis prophetae].
G. Chaucer tr. Boethius
(BL Add. 10340)
ii. met. v. 1345
I wolde þat oure tymes sholde turne aȝeyne to þe oolde maneres.
tr. R. Higden
So the yere stode as incorrecte from that tyme vn to the tymes of Iulius Cesar.
c1503 tr. Charter of London in R. Arnold f. xv/2
That they bee not lad by the lawes by which they were ledde in the weys holden in the tymes of John and herry Somtyme kynge of englande.
1600 Abp. G. Abbot 371
In the times of Herodotus, and Diodorus, the rudera, the ruines and desolations of Niniue stood.
1688 R. Holme iii. 256
A Maunch or Sleeve of the newest Fashion, being now in use of the great Gallants of our times.
1716 A. Pope Ess. Homer's Battles in tr. Homer II. 323
Yet one cannot ascribe this to any Sterility of Expression, but to the Genius of his Times, that delighted in those reiterated Verses.
1732 G. Berkeley I. v. xx. 308
The most ingenious Characterizer of our Times.
1832 Ld. Tennyson Dream Fair Women vi, in
The spacious times of great Elizabeth.
1845 R. Ford II. ix. 664
Such a saxeous metamorphosis was an old story even in skeptical Ovid's times.
1900 J. Huneker i. 35
Brahms is not only the greatest variationist of his times, but with Bach and Beethoven the greatest of all times.
Our modern ‘teddies’ are named after their Edwardian clothes—dress in the manner of the times of King Edward VII.
1989 R. Whiting
Davis was a product of his times, of America's ‘quest for meaning’.
2010 J. Burbank & F. Cooper v. 148
Neither the Spanish of Charles's times nor the Ottomans of Suleiman's could avoid all the perils of ruling empires.
b. More vaguely: a period of time distinguished (generally by an adjective or other modifier) as being in the past, present, or future with reference to the present moment. In later use frequently in plural, as ancient times, times past (see ), etc.
Hi wæron swa ær geo on ealdum dagum swa ðæt nis nan swa eald man þe hi nu on þisne timan mage geþencan oððe ær for fela gearan mihte gemunan swa gefyrn swa hi þine yldran wæron.
OE tr. Defensor
Si qua id est aliqua est presentis temporis lętitia ita est agenda ut numquam amaritudo sequentis iudicii recedat a memoria : gif ænig ys andwerdes timan bliss swa heo ys to donne þæt næfre biternyss fyligendes domes gewite fram gemynde.
lOE Writ of Edward the Confessor (Sawyer 1121) in F. E. Harmer
Ic ann þæt þridde treow..of æuesan þæs..wudes..se is gemæne swa he onn ældum timum gelegd wæs.
lOE St. Neot
in R. D.-N. Warner
Eala, þu king, mycel scealt þu þoligen on þyssen life. On þan towearden time, swa mycele angsumnysse þu gebiden scealt, þæt nan mænnisc tunge hit eall asecgen ne mæig.
All ðis halie mihte hes makede hem swiete...Swa hie doð ȝiet on ðese time munekes, kanunekes, ancres, and eremites.
Fram þe biginning of þe world to þe time þat now is Seuene ages þer habbeþ ibe.
1389 in J. T. Smith & L. T. Smith
Hopyng in tyme comyng to haue ben encresyd.
c1440 tr. R. Rolle Oleum Effusum
in G. G. Perry
Þay sall Ioye nowe..and in tym to come.
Þe paynys þat er ordand..for syn in tyme to com.
1474 W. Caxton tr.
iii. ii. 88
In tyme passid the philosophres dyde the same.
i. l. 6
It has beyne seyne in thir tymys bywent.
1510 R. Copland in tr. Prol. sig. Aiv
In tyme past hystoriagraphes dayly wrote..of..aduentures and fortunes happy and malfortunate.
1529 Act 21 Henry VIII c. 16 in
The great scarcyte of grayne and vytell at this present tyme.
1532–3 c. 2
In times past [they] haue..bene noted to haue had the most substanciall coloured wollen clothes.
1563 R. Reynolds f. xxxviii
Worthelie the pictures of Princes, Gouernours and Magistrates in auncient tymes doe shewe this.
1610 P. Holland tr. W. Camden i. 259
A towne in ancient time of great fame.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
iii. iv. 74
Blood hath bene shed ere now, i' th' olden time .
1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Æneis viii, in tr. Virgil 436
In Times to come, My Waves shall wash the Walls of mighty Rome.
1706 28 Oct. 4/1
To Issue forth this Proclamation for the better preventing of such mischiefs for time to come.
1766 T. Pennant 26/1
The Maltese little dogs were..much esteemed by the fine ladies of past times.
1785 W. Cowper vi. 715
Encomium in old time was poet's work.
1818 W. Scott Heart of Mid-Lothian x, in 2nd Ser. IV. 214
Many devout ministers and professors in times past had enjoyed downright revelation.
1884 W. C. Smith 86
It is a folly, man, A superstition of these modern times.
1891 C. Creighton I. 276
Like dengue, influenza, and others of the ‘posting’ fevers of former time.
1911 C. B. Crampton iv. 51
In recent times..Sphagnum bogs have been reduced to their present small proportion in the moorland associations.
1917 H. Greene xx. 361
The workingmen who had followed him blindly and confidently in times past had now turned upon him.
1957 J. R. R. Tolkien 17 Nov.
There is I suppose applicability in my story to present times.
1989 A. Ballance p. ix
For all that might happen to the island in time to come, it will always have its past.
2004 R. Dawkins 211
The gorgonopsids..whose fearsome canine teeth make one think of the sabretoothed cats..of later times.
c. the time (also the times): the present age; the age of the period under discussion. Cf. , , . sign of the times: see .Sometimes hard to distinguish from sense .
1484 W. Caxton tr. G. de la Tour-Landry
An ordenaunce of a moche sauage and wyld guyse, and ageynst the kynde of the tyme.
1525 Matt. xvi. 3
Can ye not discerne the sygnes of the tymes [c1384 Wycliffite, E.V. the tokenys of tymes; L. signa..temporum].
I will do my best to reform the pestiferousness of the time.
1600 W. Shakespeare ii. ix. 47
How much honour Pickt from the chaft and ruin of the times, To be new varnist.
Hee is the onelie man of the time, hee is the onelie able man.
1676 A. Marvell sig. F
These are the great Animadverters of the times, the Church-respondents in the Pew.
a1704 T. Brown Dialogue Oxf. Schollars in
I. i. 3
Cannot I..sigh for the Iniquities of the Times..?
1796 H. W. Coulthurst 4
Civil Disobedience is the flagrant Characteristic of the Times.
1818 W. Scott Heart of Mid-Lothian iii, in 2nd Ser. III. 75
The Lady..did not..ring a bell, because such was not the fashion of the time.
1850 Ld. Tennyson civ. 163
Ring out the want, the care, the sin, The faithless coldness of the times .
1869 E. A. Freeman III. xi. 55
An act which ran counter to the religious feelings of the time.
1910 S. W. Bushell II. 17
The poets of the time liken their wine cups to ‘disks of thinnest ice’.
1998 Christmas 35/3
A Florentine painter and engraver who specialised in cityscapes and landscapes, as was the fashion of the time.
2009 3 Oct. 39/1
Some events lay bare the soul of a nation or, even more, the soul of the times.
b. In plural. Used in the titles of newspapers and other periodicals.The Times of London was originally published (from 1785) under the title of The Daily Universal Register: see
The St. James's magazine: or, memoirs of our own times.]
(title of newspaper)
(title of newspaper)
The times, and Patowmack packet.
1801 G. Rose
I found here the Times of Saturday.
(title of newspaper)
The Manchester times.
Mainzer's musical times and singing circular.
1863 Feb. 361/2
A first-class daily paper, like the Times of London, or the Herald, Tribune, or Times of New York.
1905 Dec. 520/1
The following newspaper clipping, taken from the Brockville Times of the Province of Ontario, shows how an attractive window display may be made.
1966 H. Davies
The Peer whose demise was only noticed because The Times covering his face was yesterday's edition.
2009 Nov. 130/2
At The Times of India, she had won awards for her reporting from Kashmir.
b. colloquial. Without qualification: an experience notable in some way (good or bad); esp. an ordeal or struggle.
1809 Dec. 387
What a time of it must the poor clergymen of Hertford have with this dissenting Pope, and his roaring bulls in the midst of them!
1852 1 Nov. 85/2
Black Simon and I have had a time of it, I tell you... Whew! my fingers ache like the toothache!
1860 H. J. Hawley in
I had a time biding them good by.
1887 H. P. Deeker Let. 24 July in 79
I have had some times since I left your place; it does not seem possible that I ever lived there.
1925 L. O'Flaherty
Good Lord, Gypo,..you were having a time of it.
1956 ‘B. Holiday’ & W. Dufty ii. 27
So I..decided I'd get off the train in New York, take the subway to Harlem, have myself a time.
1976 ‘W. Trevor’ i. 13
He hoped..that Lavinia wasn't having a time with the twins, cooped inside on a damp afternoon.
2010 J. C. Bernis viii. 114
I've had a time, I'll tell you. Tried to purchase you tickets, but all passenger trains westbound are halted.
c. North American regional (chiefly New England and Newfoundland). A social function, a party, esp. one organized communally.
But..while on a visit to Bett's Cove [he] got on a time and ‘let the cat out of the bag’.
1883 A. Pinkerton xxi. 328
While there I met some of the boys, and we had a little ‘time’.
1923 E. C. Parsons 208
On going to live in a new house, people may have a ‘time’—as they always say for a party—‘christenin' de house’.
1950 H. Creighton 109
Are you going to the time tonight?
1967 7 May vi. 8/8
The state stages such exciting and colorful events as the annual Clam, Broiler, Potato,..and Blueberry Festivals.., not to mention..scores of other ‘times’.
1999 M. E. O'Dell in L. D. Fitzhugh ii. 72
I'll never forget once when I went to a time to Pinware with poor old Jack Lowe.
A prescribed or allotted period.
b. A term of imprisonment.to do (one's) time: see .
1st Ser. I. 154
The answer you gave to the convict who came to tell you his time was expired—‘Would to God my time was expired, too!’
1814 J. Lambert
II. xxviii. 68
I have been told of a man who became a shoe-maker in that prison, and at the end of his time came out with several hundred dollars in pocket.
1838 C. Dickens I. xviii. 306
His ‘time’ was only out an hour before.
1907 J. S. Balfour xix. 323
When he has completed his ‘time’—generally a short three years or five years' term—he returns to freedom.
1986 M. De Lacy 10
The convicted burglar or rapist who is serving out his time jammed into a Victorian cell with three other men.
2007 C. Thomas Author's Note
I served my time in the Seoul Detention Center and prisons in the cities of Uijongbu and Taejon.
Considered as a quantity.
b. spec. Time available for a particular activity, which may be allocated or reserved for payment; esp. time during which a particular broadcasting channel, mobile telephone line, or other communications medium is available for use by the individual or organization who has bought or reserved it; =
1924 July 23/1
A few of the larger stations sell time in the air, charging about $10 a minute.
1930 6 Sept. 4/6
To the big advertiser the broadcasting stations came with an offer to ‘sell time’ to pay the cost of broadcasting programmes.
1939 4 Feb. 4/8
All the people who drive along looking for an empty parking space where there is still time on the meter.
1970 18 Sept. (Colour Suppl.) 30
The world's 1300 or so professional astronomers who obtain ‘time’ on the big telescopes all have different programmes in different parts of the sky.
1977 June 10/3
A friend of mine who was an engineer rang up to see if I had any songs I wanted to cut, because he could get me some time.
2003 Jan. 43/1
Walking out the door with..two Kyocera cell phones in my shopping bags, the proud owner of 400 minutes of time each month.
b. Used in expressions indicating the multiple of the usual rate of pay that is to be paid in particular circumstances (most commonly for overtime), as time and a half, time and a quarter, etc.double time: see .
1847 in 86
They only work for a certain number of hours, and extra time is paid for what they call ‘time and a half’.
1851 31 Dec. 2/4
An agreement was..come to with the employers..to the effect that when overtime was required it should be paid for at the rate of ‘time and a quarter for the first two hours’, and at ‘time and a half till six o'clock in the morning’.
1931 14 Mar. 552/2
Extra pay for night duty is to be reduced from ‘time and a quarter’ to ‘time and an eighth’, and for duty on Sunday, Christmas Day and Good Friday from ‘time and a half’ to ‘time and a third’.
1976 12 Nov. 2/1
They want holiday pay, at present single time, increased to time and a third.
1978 M. Kenyon ii. 28
Tell the men I'm paying time and a half for every forty yards dug by the weekend.
4 July a4
In those jobs, employees still receive..time-and-a-half for working statutory holidays.
c. Payment in proportion to the period worked; esp. payment which brings an employee's account up to date. Also: certification (in the form of a written account, card, ticket, etc.) of the amount of time worked, and the payment due, esp. as issued upon termination of employment. Now rare.
1877 M. M. Kirkman 135
In all cases where an employe has left the service of the company during the month, and has had a time ticket given to him, his name should appear on the roll in its proper place, and the words ‘time given’ written opposite to it.
1887 12 Jan. 6/3
All that remained for the brakemen and switchmen to do was to go to the office..and call for what is known in railroad parlance as their ‘time’.
1902 O. Wister xvii. 205
Pay was due him—‘time’, as it was called in cow-land.
1926 J. Black xx. 317
He threw down his shovel, walked over to the boss, and demanded his ‘time’. I heard the foreman say: ‘All right, you're no good anyway. I was going to fire you to-night.’
1935 A. J. Cronin iii. xiv. 608
It broke his heart to give these fifty their time, to send them to join the six hundred men from the Neptune already on the dole.
A point of time; a moment in time; a space of time considered without reference to its duration; an occasion, an instance.The ‘point’ may be an instant (as the time when a star crosses the meridian), or it may have some duration (as the time for sowing), but the focus of consideration is not on its extent or duration but rather on the question of when it occurs (i.e. where it is situated within a greater space or period of time), what happens or is done at that moment, or how it is characterized.
A point in the course of time or of a period or cycle. Cf. .
(a) A point or period in the course of a day, or of the diurnal cycle, as determined or described according to some system of measurement, or as shown by a clock; = .In early use with reference to the hour of the day (sometimes specified by a preceding ordinal numeral); later usually more precisely, in terms of the number of hours, quarters, minutes, etc., past midnight or midday. Cf. , .
ii. iii. 114
Seo niht hafað seofon todælednyssa. Crepusculum ys seo forme, þæt ys æfengloma..; þridde conticinium, þæt ys switima oððe salnysse timan; feorðe intempestiuum, þæt ys midniht oððe unworclic tima.
OE Regularis Concordia
Forþy..on ælcere tide on nihtlicum timan, þonne se broðer arist of his bedde to þam godcundlican weorce, ærest he onsette him sylfum þæt tacn þære halgan rode.
OE Dialogue between Jerome & Damasus
Her onginð Damasus papan smeagung wið Hieronime þone bokere hwilcan timan on sunnan dagan oþþe on oðran dagan man mæssian mote.
Þatt time..Wass rihht swa summ itt off þatt daȝȝ. Þe tende time wære.
Wes as þah hit were þe seoueðe time of þe dei þet me droh hire þus in-to dorkest wan.
a1400 in K. W. Engeroff
Non of hem ne sholde fecche here bred, but þere þe lepen stondeþ..to-fore þe tyme of none.
a1450 tr. Aelred of Rievaulx
Yf thou shalt speke, speke selde, as certeyn tymes and houres in the day.
(Ph.D. diss., Univ. of Washington)
l. 1689 (MED)
What day and what tyme was it Þat Adam was made, telle me ȝit.
1578 W. B. tr. Appian of Alexandria 224
In the Ile was the store for the admiral, from whence the Trumpeter must giue warning, and the crier tel the time.
1696 J. Harris i. sig. F2
Bon. Tell me the time my Friend? Fri. At Seven this Evening.
a1722 E. Lisle
I asked my shepherd, what time in the morning he would drive them [sc. sheep] to the wash-mills.
1778 G. E. Howard Female Gamester iii. i, in
Lady Bel. Why, what's the time? Attend. 'Tis past the noon.
1823 J. Badcock 162
By the light you shall catch a few words in the book, or the time on the watch.
1861 C. Dickens I. v. 63
Would you give me the Time?
1882 Feb. 79/2
‘Say, my friend, have you the time with you?’ ‘Yes,’ said he... ‘It is twenty minutes past nine.’
1908 R. Bagot viii
Find out what time the marchesa intends to breakfast.
1943 N. Balchin x. 121
What's the time? Four o'clock? Let's go and see if La Susan has rustled up any tea.
1963 22 Apr. 6/4
Coo, is that really the time?
2007 M. Phillips
He had absolutely no idea what the time was or even what the day was.
(b) With preceding modifying word.For the more established compounds of this type, as night-time, bedtime, etc., see the first element.
Þa siððan on æfentiman hi setton hine on cweartern.
On nontiman we sculon God herian forðam on þonne timan Crist..his gast asende.
c1300 St. Brendan
l. 549 in C. Horstmann
Here ich am euer-ech sonenday and fram saterdayȝes eue For-to euen-song tyme þane sonenday here i schal bi-leue.
c1430 N. Love
He..cometh downe allone in the nyȝt tyme.
?1473 W. Caxton tr. R. Le Fèvre
I. lf. 135v
The sonne..gaf so grete hete that the peple durst not goo in the ayer by daye tyme.
1535 Ruth ii. 12
Whan it is eatinge tyme, come hither, and eate of the bred.
1599 sig. Fv
It will do thee good to see What canuosing is at the milking time, betweene her and mee.
1650 H. Brooke 135
Avoid drinking..at sleeping time, for that also disposes to Vapors and Rheums.
a1750 W. Gibson
iii. iv. 203
Let a pint of this infusion be given..about two hours before feeding time in the afternoon.
1835 R. P. Gillies I. 159
‘What is the hour?’ ‘Not yet cockcrow, lass; but dancing-time I'll answer for it,’ said Alice Duke.
1894 6 Feb. 3/3
It was nearly ‘crib-time’ before they got the four shots ready for firing.
1912 10 Oct. 15/2
I have often met a party of shearers, camped for tucker-time, with their bikes all set up in a mulga garage.
1983 P. Dallas
In northern countries, the trend of the last decade has been towards cocktail-time wine apéritifs.
13 Oct. 2
The only noise was when the students were coming in, dinner time or at going home time.
(c) With of followed by a specific part of the diurnal cycle, as time of the morning, time of (the) night , etc. See also .
Þis nicht ȝe maȝen habben uch time of þedei, þet alþe good þet ȝe eauer doð, beo idon albinichte.
ii. §3. 15
To knowe..euery tyme of the nyht by the sterres fixe.
1483 tr. Adam of Eynsham xiii
The ordyr wil not that we shuld haue gone that tyme of the night in to the chaptur howse to geue discyplynys.
1523 Ld. Berners tr. J. Froissart I. f. lxv/2
The captayne..came to the walles and sayd: who is that calleth there this tyme of nyght.
1603 P. Holland tr. Plutarch 1226
When was it ever seene..that the Polemarchy or chiefe captaines sent for a prisoner at this time of the night?
1653 H. Hammond 82
The time of evening when every one gets him to his Inne and provides for his supper, is already past.
1719 E. F. Haywood ii. 53
She..was not over willing to venture her with the Count alone, at that Time of Night.
We now drank our tea, which..is at that time of the evening generally very agreeable.
1840 G. Barret 104
The sky at this time of the afternoon frequently exhibits a tender spread of yellow.
1891 5 Sept. 521/2
At that time of the forenoon..the use of this stop would necessitate a time exposure.
1901 G. B. Shaw i. 105
What are you doing here at this time of night? Do you live here?
1993 G. F. Newman
I've got to get up, Jack. No. Stop it. I mean, taking me back to bed at this time of the morning.
2007 19 Jan. (Extra section) 3/5
The phone-in day never ends: whatever you have to say, at any time of day or night, somewhere on the airwaves, there is someone waiting to take your call.
†b. Used with various preceding prepositions to form compound conjunctions (with or without following that), as to (also into, till, etc.) time (that) : until such time as, until; after time (that) : after. Obsolete.
In þat land..Ordanis he still for to dwell, To time he think to fight.
All weys fynden men latymeres to go with hem in the contrees & ferthere beȝonde into tyme þat men conne the langage.
1443 in J. Raine
II. 89 (MED)
My will ys yat George my son hafe efter tyme my dettes be paide a rent charge of xxvj s. viij d. issuand owte of my landes.
c1449 R. Pecock
Thei [sc. images] wolden not at alle tymes ȝeue answeris..into tyme thei weren myche preied.
1453 in F. B. Bickley
That the procuratours..shalle..entre and distreine, and such distresse as is there yfounde to kepe vnto time thei be paide of the rentis.
iii. l. 432
I sall do nocht till tyme I tak my leyff.
A lytell Caue where they shytte hym In to tyme the Iewes had..determynyd what they wolde do with hym.
1525 T. Rychard v. sig. Rj
For thes thynges yf they fayle in ther indiuidues, yet in ther vniuersalles they a bydeth [sic] euer: after tyme that they ones be.
1577 R. Stanyhurst Treat. Descr. Irelande i. f. 3/2, in R. Holinshed I
But if I may craue your patience, to tyme you see me shoote my bolt.
1664 vi. 59
He should..in safe custody be kept Till time that Rougcrosse did return.
c. With of followed by a gerund or noun of action.
c1503 R. Arnold f. cviij
For the maytenyng of goddis seruice at the tyme of ressayuing of such priestis and clarkis.
1547 J. Hooper sig. T4
Keping of it [sc. the host] in the box, and kneling downe at the time of sacring.
1628 E. Coke 261 b
If a man in auoydance of a fine..alleage that hee was out of this Realme in Spaine, at the time of leuying of the fine.
What Goods, and Chattels, he had at the time of committing the said Treason, or at any time sithence.
1745 J. Wesley 36
No Fitness is required at the Time of communicating.
1772 W. Buchan
About the sixth or seventh day from the time of sickening, the measles begin to turn pale on the face.
1808 C. Vancouver ix. 236
By the end of the sixth year from the time of sowing the pips.
1830 Nov. 74
This person, up to the time of going to press, was not expected to recover.
1885 J. Bonar i. i. 23
He wrote feelingly, as he had the malady [sc. toothache] at the time of writing.
1920 W. Popenoe ii. 23
In the tropics, the fruit is added to soups at the time of serving.
1994 May 11/1
Your payment must be made in full at the time of booking.
2007 Jan. 58/2
At the time of writing, the postal charges for this service have not been revealed.
d. colloquial. Used adverbially in plural:
(a) on many occasions, frequently; = (earliest in reduplicated form times and times);
(b) (chiefly U.S. regional (southern)) sometimes, occasionally, at times.
1817 II. vi. 83
She did sigh—times and times she did sigh.
1859 G. Meredith Last Words Juggling Jerry in 3 Sept. 189/2
We've travelled times to this old common.
1890 A. Gissing I. iv
He've told me times that in his young days..the instruments of the Shipcombe choir were all played by they of his own family.
1908 Apr. 94
I've been out times and times and screeched at 'em; but it's no good.
1933 M. K. Rawlings 131
Times, it [sc. the wind] blows from the river, times, from the scrub.
1938 M. K. Rawlings xvii. 213
Seems to me, times, hit ain't done nothin' to you but sharpen your tongue.
1982 S. Johnson i. 13
‘And you say this has all been reported before?’ the sergeant asked him. ‘Times,’ came the despondent reply.
2005 D. Wilson xxxii. 375
His bare feet are ever' which way over the wheel and the catch-all, and times I wonder who is steering the boat.
(b) After it is, it was, etc. (Usually without determiner.)In later use, when a subordinate clause indicating the anticipated event or action is given, this usually uses a past tense regardless of the tense of the main verb, typically with the implication that the event or action ought already to have taken place or begun.
(St. John's Oxf.)
Tempus est arandi, hit ys tima to erigenne.
(Corpus Cambr. 162)
in H. L. C. Tristram
(Ph.D. diss., Freiburg)
Hit is tima þæt ic gehwyrfe up to þam þe me hider niðer asende.
Hwan it was comen time to ete, Hise wif dede ubbe sone in fete.
l. 1924 (MED)
Leue we now þis lesson..to hem aȝeyn can i turne whan it time falles.
l. 1274 (MED)
Sires, it is tyme þat we hennes hye.
1462 M. Paston in
It is tyme to crone yowr old officere for diuerse thynges.
And now the iron is hote, it is tyme to stryke.
1597 W. Burton tr. Achilles Tatius 26
When supper was ended and the table taken away, Satyrus came to me, saying: Now is it time that you shew your selfe a man or neuer.
1696 R. Howlett
Revalley, is to let them know when it is time to rise in the Morning, and attend on their Duty.
a1771 T. Gray Agrippina in
'Tis time we go, the sun is high advanc'd.
It is time I should draw to a conclusion.
1859 D. Crockett x. 116
I thought it was time for us all to wet our whistles a little; and so I put off to the liquor stand.
1897 B. Stoker xi. 147
My dear mother gone! It is time that I go too.
1912 R. A. Wason x. 96
Tank sez: ‘It's time we fixed up an' moved out into the dark.’
1962 J. F. Straker vii. 71
You're still wet behind the ears, darling. It's time you grew up.
2010 4 May 19/5
It is time to allow the people to choose a Speaker in a direct election.
b. With possessive. The time of an event which has been much anticipated or which has particular significance for the person or thing in question, esp. death or childbirth.before his time, etc.: see .
Þa ða hyre tima [a1225 Vesp. A.xxii hire time] com, heo acende & þurhwunode mæden.
Drihtenes engel com to his timan [c1200 Hatton to hys tyme; L. secundum tempus] on þone mere & þæt wæter wæs astyred.
OE Confessional Prayer
(Corpus Cambr. 391)
in A. Hughes
Ac, loc hwænne min tima beo & þin willa sy, þæt ic þis hlæne lif forlætan scyle, læt me mid gedefenesse mine dagas geendian.
Ȝho wollde abidenn þær Elysabæþess time.
Byffore þe ffeste of Ester day Ihesus wuste ȝare Þat his tyme was ney ycome.
c1330 Sir Degare
179 in W. H. French & C. B. Hale
Her time come, ȝhe was vnbounde And deliured al mid sounde.
Prov. xxv. 11
A goldun pomel in beddis of siluer is he, that spekith a word in his [= its] time [L. in tempore suo].
I. 11 (MED)
Sho wex grete & drew nere hur tyme.
1560 J. Daus tr. J. Sleidane f. ccccljv
Ye Quene..was with childe, and nere her time.
1597 Bp. J. Hall ii. iv. 37
If nor a dramme of Triacle souereigne,..Nor Kitchin-cordials can it remedie, Certes his time is come.
1658 A. Conway 9 Apr.
His wife now..is so near her time.
1739 E. Purefoy 4 Mar.
I. iv. 78
Wee have another big bellyed maid in the house within 2 months of her Time, as the midwife sais.
1841 W. M. Thackeray Great Hoggarty Diamond xii, in
My poor wife, then very near her time, insisted upon accompanying me.
1853 C. Brontë II. xvii. 19
‘Ten minutes behind his time,’ said she.
1867 J. Mackenzie xliii. 308
The besieged saw that their time was come. It was vain to think of defending any longer ramparts gaping with a breach so vast.
1931 H. S. Walpole iii. 582
Judith was very near her time, and, in consideration..that this was her first child, it had been wiser of her perhaps not to have come.
1980 R. Butler
i. i. 19
She..became pregnant... What she called ‘her time’ approached.
2008 B. Byford 164
I think it's nearly my time. You are back here where you belong and my job here is done.
b. A turn; a go. Only in a time: (preceded by a price, fee, etc.) on each occasion; (colloquial) per item, each.
1597 H. Arthington sig. B4v
The forfaiture of 12. pence for euerie housholders absence from Church. [Side note] Twelue pence a time for absence from diuine seruice.
1662 H. Marten xxviii. 25
The mother on't commonly will give her a penny a time to tend her for an hour or two in her absence.
1718 R. Grosvenor in C. T. Gatty
One that is grown pretty rich by his attendance upon Patients in Garrets at Half-a-Crown a time.
1756 J. Hanway Ess. Tea xiv, in 271
The ordinary computation among the poor is a Half Penny a time for Tea, and as much for Sugar.
1838 C. Dickens II. xxv. 81
He..offered to cut any gentleman..for the first picture-card, at a shilling a time.
1860 July 21
Those who preached its doctrines were fined twenty pounds a-time for doing so.
1956 12 Nov. 184/2
Men and women found themselves haled before the justices for not attending church, and fined one shilling a time.
Clubbers are being sold rat poison tablets at 50p a time.
c. Scottish and English regional (northern). The action or fact of traversing a field once with a harrow or similar implement. Usually with preceding word indicating the number of traversals. Cf. . Now rare.
[1787 Aug. 96
Two acres plowing, we are elsewhere told, and seven acres harrowing double time, is an ordinary day's work in Norfolk for a pair of horses.]
1800 1 47
Two horses, during the year, plow 77 acres once over, and give 105 double times of harrowing to one acre of ground.
1813 R. Kerr vii. 192
The quantity of harrowing..is denominated single time, double time, or double double times, according as the ground is gone over once, twice, or four times.
1825 J. Jamieson Suppl.
Time, the act of once harrowing a field.
1894 R. O. Heslop
Time, the journey once across a field in agriculture.
. Preceded by a number (in words or figures).
b. Followed by a number or an expression of quantity: expressing the multiplication of this by the preceding number.Conventionally represented by the multiplication sign: 4 × 5 is read as ‘four times five’.
The were nede of hennes, as I wene Ȝa, moo than seuen tymes seuentene.
a1425 J. Wyclif
As foure tymes sixe maken þis noumbre.
1539 Matt. xviii. 22
Lorde howe oft shall I forgeue my brother..: Tyll seuen tymes? Iesus sayeth vnto him: I saye not vnto the vntill seuen tymes: but seuenty times seuen tymes.
1598 W. Shakespeare v. ii. 489
Three times thrice is nine.
1610 J. Healey tr. St. Augustine xv. xii. 546
Ten times thirtie sixe is three hundred and sixtie, that is twelue moneths of the Moone.
1646 S. Danforth 12
4 times 6 houres doth make 24 houres, or a naturall day.
1717 M. Prior iii. 539
Would she, in friendship, peace, and plenty Spin out our years to four times twenty.
1798 S. T. Coleridge Anc. Marinere iii, in W. Wordsworth & S. T. Coleridge 20
Four times fifty living men.
1861 C. Dickens II. v. 78
What do you make of four times five?
1893 J. C. Thomas 326
A wonder is said to last three times three days.
1936 23 Sept. 38/2
It's called the three-way bow tie, but we discovered two times three ways to wear it.
1963 G. Greene
I would never try to determine some point in differential calculus with a two-times-two table.
2008 D. J. Levitin v. 170
Twelve times four is forty eight.
c. Expressing multiplication by a cardinal numeral, as in sense , but with a noun or noun phrase following rather than a number.
1610 J. Healey tr. St. Augustine xv. xxvi. 566
The length of mans body from head to foote, is sixe times his bredth from side to side [L. sexiens tantum habet quam latitudo].
1653 N. Culpeper 123/1
To make it into an Electuary, by mixing it with three times its waight of clarifyed Honey.
1726 J. Swift I. ii. iii. 46
An Animal of ten times my Strength.
1868 M. E. Grant Duff 48
His territories in Asia..are more than twenty-one times the size of Scotland.
1904 7 May 6
They have attained a speed..as great as that of a torpedo-boat destroyer six or eight times the length.
(News of World)
Multiple-stage rockets have attained..speeds of 5,200 m.p.h.—nearly seven times that of sound.
1984 P. Fitzgerald xiii. 128
She's had no chance whatever, and has 100 times my pluck and patience.
2008 Mar. 140/1
The average pay of a FTSE 100 company's boss is over a hundred times the average pay.
Designating the multiplication table of the preceding cardinal numeral. Cf. .The two times table is also referred to by the ordinal, as twice times table.
1863 J. Ingelow 160
I've said my ‘seven times’ over and over, Seven times one are seven.
1906 R. Kipling 38
I don't know my Nine Times—not to say it dodging.
1976 D. Storey xi. 133
I want you to recite the two times, the three times, right through to your twelve times.
(b) attributive with table.
1864 W. Easton 15
When this exercise can be readily done, pursue the same course with the three times table.
1883 D. Heywood i. 31
Multiply 12340506 by two, and write out Twice-times Table.
1946 30 255
Pupils who at the age of 12 cannot adequately use the twice times table.
1973 J. Wainwright 124
A long-suffering father explaining the two-times-table to his dull-witted son.
1982 2 May 11/1
Know your 6-times table.
2007 C. MacFarlane
If we were learning the twelve times table, the teacher would pick someone out of the class and shout, ‘What is seven twelves?’.
a. Originally (Boxing): the moment marking the end of the prescribed period of rest between two rounds, typically as announced by a referee or other designated person. Later more generally: a similar point marking the end of a period of rest or informal play in various other sports.Frequently in collocation with call. See also .
1808 28 Oct.
On Gregson being beat by not being ready when time was called.
1824 P. Egan II. 133
He appeared quite stunned, and when ‘time’ was announced, he could not quit the knees of his second.
1886 12 Dec. 4/8
A few seconds after time was called the wrestlers were throwing one another around at a lively rate.
1908 15 June 69/1
The customary rest followed, and when time was called both seemed in good shape to continue.
1990 Feb. 37/3
I could hear time being called about 20 pegs away.
6 Aug. e1
He..whipped on a fresh shirt and then bounced back up, ready to start the third set before time was called.
b. In various sports: the moment marking the end of a match, or (occasionally) of some other prescribed portion of play; the signal given to mark this moment. Cf. , .
1840 July 59
Redgate went on again and bowled one over, when time was called, and the wickets were drawn.
1873 Apr. 47/1
No doubt they might have made the game a tie, had not the other goal been kicked only ten minutes before time.
1926 P. C. Standing xxiii. 103
Ranjitsinhji..scored 42 and not out 93 and was still ‘keeping up his end’ when time was called.
1952 B. Joy
It was nearly time... The Manchester players were becoming desperate.
1976 28 Nov. 44/6
Scorers were Martin, in the first half, and Johnston just before time.
2005 R. Cavallini v. 37
When time was called there was no score.
c. The moment at which a public house or other licensed establishment ceases to sell drink; closing time. Also: the signal or announcement used to mark this. Cf. .
1922 T. S. Eliot ii. 23
Hurry up please its time.
1979 ‘C. Brand’ ii. 20
Soon he must turn her out..five minutes to Time.
1993 T. Hawkins vi. 118
They beat the crap out of me outside the pub after time.
22. In plural. The set of particular times (sense ) at which an omnibus or other public service vehicle regularly calls at the various stops along its route, spec. as reserved for a particular operator by formal agreement; the fact of owning such a concession, as a recognized commercial asset. Now disused.
1847 22 May 111
50 valuable short-legged horses,..five excellent omnibuses nearly new,..the valuable times on the road, [etc.].
1856 13 Feb. 3/6
The suburban amalgamations [among omnibus proprietors] are becoming numerous; among these may be noted since the last report the vehicles, stock, and ‘times’ of Mrs. Edmonds.
1863 11 July 470/1
They [sc. the London General Omnibus Company] possessed themselves of the ‘times’ of all the important routes in London and the suburbs. These ‘times’ are, in fact, the good will of the roads, and were considered so valuable, that in some cases as much as from 200l. to 250l. were given for the ‘times’ of one omnibus.
1906 15 May 2/3
Emphasis [is] laid in one of the various motor-'bus prospectuses, just now..upon the value of the ‘times’ owned by each member of the associated companies.
1913 20 Aug. 3/3
Certain motor-omnibus ‘times’ or ‘routes’ or ‘services’—call them what you will—have recently been established by companies having no standing in the town [sc. Croydon].
Special and technical uses.
23. Prosody. †A syllable, regarded as a metrical unit or unit of duration (obsolete); (spec. in Classical Prosody) a metrical unit equal to the duration of a short syllable; = (sometimes more fully primary (or least) time ). Also used (usually with preceding modifying word) of longer metrical units or groups of units. Now rare.
ii. i. 92
Þæt rihtmeteruers sceal habban feower and twentig timan.
ii. i. 92
Dactilus stent on anum langum timan and twam sceortum, and spondeus stent on feowrum [read twam] langum.
1589 G. Puttenham ii. xii. 91
A new inuention of feete and times.
1737 E. Manwaring iii. 11
These Feet, particularly such as are of six Times, will be often found to be in separate Words.
1774 W. Mitford viii. 134
The English pentameter..is not confined to a precise number of times, but has generally from fifteen to eighteen.
1797 3 258
Whatever exceeded two times (a short syllable being estimated as half a time) was termed not a foot but a number.
1822 E. Everett tr. P. Buttmann 273
In measuring feet and verses, the short syllable is assumed as the unit, and the long syllable is regarded as double the short. Every such unit is called a time or mora.
1844 G. J. Pennington 229
It was the number of times which went to a space which determined the rhythm. Thus the iambic rhythm has three times (˘¯).
A time composed of two, three, etc., primary times..is called a disemic, trisemic, etc., time. Such times collectively are compound times.
1912 J. W. White i. 4
The thesis of a simple foot never contains fewer primary times than the arsis.
1947 R. C. Taliaferro tr. St. Augustine On Music ii. vi, in II. 218
This foot is divided..either into one long and three shorts or into a long and short and two shorts, that is, either into two times and three times or into three and two.
24. The period of gestation of a woman or female animal. Cf. sense .
Hire tima wæs gefylled þæt hio cynnan sceolde.
Whan wommans time is fillid which is due kindely to childbering, þat is ij hunderd dayes sixti & sixtene.
1577 B. Googe tr. C. Heresbach iii. f. 127*
A Cowe and a Quene haue both one time.
1678 N. Wanley ii. i. 94
At the end of her time she was delivered of a Girl who was deform'd in her right Leg.
1765 J. Memis iii. i. 197
If a miscarriage happens when a woman has been long gone with child..the danger is great, and the more so the nearer she approaches to the end of her time.
1809 B. H. Malkin tr. A. R. Le Sage IV. xi. i. 246
Beatrice's time was up first: she was safely delivered of a daughter.
1897 Aug. 136
She was made pregnant by the heated froth of the boiling sea..and at the end of her time she gave birth to the lizard, the sun-god.
1965 P. Wrightson i. 59
Marion looks rather ghastly. Poor girl, she is nearly at the end of her ‘time’.
2007 C. Iggulden i. 13
Hoelun was pregnant again and close to the end of her time.
(St. John's Oxf.)
Ac swa ðeah wise lareowas todældon þone praeteritvm tempvs, þæt is, ðone forðgewitenan timan, on þreo... Forði is se forðgewitena tima on ðreo todæled, forðan ðe naht ne byð swa gemyndelic on gecynde, swa þæt ys, þæt gedon byð.
c1450 in D. Thomson
How knowest a verbe? A party of reson that..is declined wyth moode and tyme.
a1504 J. Holt
ii. sig. Ei
He taketh of a nowne gendre and case, of a verbe tyme & significacyon, of both nombre and fygure.
1561 T. Norton tr. J. Calvin ii. xvii. f. 104v
The future time of the verbe doth not exclude present righteousnesse, as appereth by the processe of the texte.
c1620 A. Hume
ii. ix. §1
Tyme is an affection of the verb noating the differences of tyme, and is either present, past, or to cumm.
1686 R. Blome 2
Tense, or Time in Verbs, is generally Threefold, Present, Praeterit or Past, and Future or to come.
1757 Aug. 388
In our account of the affirmation, we have found that its accidents or variations are, voices, persons, numbers, times, or tenses, and moods.
1884 A. Browning 63
Tense or time is the form of the verb which shows when the action takes place; as, I write, I wrote, I shall write.
1919 W. L. Stoddard vii. 72
No one knowing grammar could consciously make this mistake in the tense or time of the verb.
1982 L. McFall 37
In 1751 Julius Bate put forward the idea that there were only two tenses, or times, in Hebrew.
†a. Rhythmic quality or precision in singing or dancing. Cf. . Obsolete.
1531 T. Elyot i. xxi. sig. Li
The associatinge of man & woman in daunsing, they bothe obseruinge one nombre and tyme in their meuynges.
1539 T. Elyot f. 26
If in syngyng thou doest not regarde Noumbre and Tyme, thou arte not worthy to be called a good musitian.
1608 E. Topsell 70
They haue not the skill to daunce according to due time, order and proportion in Musicke, as they say Elephants can.
1749 J. Mason 32
How is it possible to accommodate the Quantity of the Notes to that of the Syllables, without spoiling the Air and Time of the Tune?
b. Early Music. The relation between the time value of a breve and that of a semibreve. Cf. , . Now historical.
?1596 W. Bathe sig. B.vv
Perfect time. Imperfect time.
1597 T. Morley Annot. sig. ✮4
The signe at the beginning sheweth time perfect, so that euery briefe not hauing a semibriefe after it is three semibriefes.
1658 J. Playford
Notes in Musick have two Names, one for Tune, the other for Time or Proportion of Sounds... Here (according to the ordinary Proportion of Time) we account two Minums to the Semibrief.
1782 C. Burney II. 210
Morley tells us that he used red notes in his Motets to imply a change of mode, time, and prolation.
1829 XV. 284/2
The terms mode, time, and prolation, signified only certain ways of fixing the relative value of notes.
1959 13 65
Triple time-signature in mood, time and prolation remained in use in English music until the sixteenth century.
2002 A. M. B. Berger in T. Christensen xx. 640
Just as in the French system, the breves of imperfect time are one-third shorter than those of perfect time.
c. The rhythmic pattern or character of a piece or passage of music, typically expressed in terms of the way in which beats are grouped into recurring groups, and the temporal relationship between these larger groups and their smaller subdivisions; = . Also: the characteristic rhythm of a particular type of music, esp. of dance music.Frequently with preceding modifying word or numerical expression; for more established compounds, as common time, triple time, etc.; for more established compounds see the first element. to beat time: see .
1609 C. Butler v. sig. F1
They sing both in triple time..some foure or fiue semibriefes.
1626 F. Bacon §113
The Tripla's, and Changing of Times, haue an Agreement with the Changes of Motions; As when Galliard Time, and Measure Time, are in the Medley of one Dance.
1656 T. Blount
Nonupla, a quick time in Musick peculiar to Gigs and such like; having nine Crotchets between Bar and Bar.
1706 A. Bedford iii. 62
'Tis..in the same Time and Tune.
1758 2 Mar. 146
I would have the music of the recitatives and choruses..new composed, and all made to minuet time.
1807 Mar. 270/1
It consists of three movements, an allegro moderato, a rondo allegretto in 6-8 time, and an aria andantino in common time.
1863 21 Sept. 10/3
Built upon a graceful melody in waltz-time, the chorus..is sustained with the utmost animation.
1921 B. M. Steigman v. 122
He is accused of..wantonly and maliciously beating a relentless gymnastic four quarter time throughout.
1959 13 July 28/3
Pop items like ‘Colonel Bogey March’ and ‘Mona Lisa’, played in happy cha cha time.
2002 25 Aug. ii. 25/2
The Russian mood continues in the opening of the finale, written in an un-Teutonic 5/4 time.
d. The rate at which a piece of music is performed; the tempo.
1654 J. Playford 18
The Descant or Composition being of slow time fitted to sacred Hymnes.
1762 May 346
[They] could not forbear throwing themselves into antic postures and capers, rapid or slow, in proportion to the time of the music.
?1795 W. Mason
Gen. Instr. 4
The quickest Time must be sufficiently slow for the fingers to pronounce the words distinctly.
1825 May 81/2
Its effect..would be sensibly improved were it to be sung in a slower time..than it usually is.
1878 Biogr. Index 33/2 in
(Church of Ireland)
The character both of the words and music is jubilant, and the necessity for a moderately fast ‘time’ is especially apparent if the older version is used.
1912 23 267
The time was too fast for a good waltz.
1957 G. B. L. Wilson 22
Allegro, a dance sequence executed to a fast time.
2008 T. M. Kitts v. 100
The song begins in a slower time and builds to its closing crescendo almost six..minutes later.
e. More generally: the rhythm or beat of a piece of music.
1716 J. Fontaine 18 Apr.
Their motions answered in some way to the time of the music.
1779 8 103
He that dances and keeps himself exactly to the time of the music cannot err.
1822 Oct. 398/1
His strong leg was tattooing the floor to the time of the tune he was humming.
1890 Apr. 843/2
Boïeldieu's overture ‘La Dame Blanche’..was very fairly rendered by the Band, though the time was occasionally a trifle ragged.
1913 E. B. Ordway 197
First come the ushers,..keeping pace with the time of the music.
1983 M. G. Fields & K. Fields
He always did slow, elegant movements, off the time of the music, and gliding, with his sister on his arm.
2007 L. Sandberg ii. 14
The bass notes essentially fill the role of a drummer, providing a beat that helps keep the time steady.
27. An occurrence of menstruation; = . Frequently more fully as monthly time. Formerly also in plural: †the menstrual discharge (obsolete). Cf. . See also .
a1398 J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus
(BL Add. 27944)
I. vii. lxiv. 426
Þis contagioun passiþ into þe childe..whanne a childe is conceyued in menstruel tyme [L. tempore menstruorum].]
1564 W. Bullein f. 30v
Certaine people maie not bleede: as women whiche haue their times aboundauntlie.
1642 in J. Evans sig. F
[She] continued bleeding more or lesse (and at the Monthly times in greater abundance) for a whole year or more.
1704 tr. P. Baldæus True Descr. Malabar & Coromandel in A. Churchill & J. Churchill III. 582/1
Women, who shall not be subject to the monthly times.
1757 H. Rimius App. 74
This shift came at last into her Mind; to tell Mrs. Anna Neuser..that she had her monthly Time.
1879 J. M. Duncan xii. 137
The woman has this violent disease..during her monthly times.
1988 J. Lindsey xli. 348
She had suspected her condition for the past week, after her monthly time was late.
2005 S. Alten
One day I found blood a' ower her sheets. She claimed it wis her woman's time.
28. Fencing. The interval of time required by an opponent to initiate and perform a particular action, esp. regarded as an opportunity to make an attack or otherwise gain an advantage; a movement made by one's opponent which affords such an opportunity. Cf. . See also , .
1594 I. G. tr. G. di Grassi sig. A3
As his enemie moueth much in diuers times he may be aduertised hereby, to strike him in one or more of those times, so out of al due time spent [It. sotto uno o piu tempi indebitamente consumati].
1594 I. G. tr. G. di Grassi sig. C1
When he would either strik or defend, to perform the same not in two times or in two motions, but rather in half a time or..motion.
1728 E. Chambers
Time in Fencing, There are three Kinds of Time; that of the Sword; that of the Foot, and that of the whole Body. All the Times that are perceived out of their Measure, are only to be consider'd as Appeals or feints, to deceive and amuse the Enemy.
1885 E. Castle tr. S. Fabris in vi. 100
A ‘time’ is a movement that one of the fencers makes within distance..thus a time is an opportunity, either for striking or assuming an advantage over your enemy.
1997 W. M. Gaugler x. 114
Time in fencing signifies the favourable moment at which an offensive action will catch the adversary off guard.
†29. Music. A measure of duration equal to the length of a bar or (occasionally) half a bar. Obsolete (historical in later use).
1665 C. Simpson ii. 22
This Motion of the Hand is Down, and Vp, successively and equally divided. Every Down and Vp, being call'd a Time or Measure. And by this we measure the length of a Semibreve.
In this Example, you have two Staves of Lines; in the upper are Semibreves, each of which is a Time, and fill up a Bar.
1728 E. Chambers (at cited entry)
Some call each Half of the Measure in common Time, a Time.
1776 J. Hawkins II. ii. v. 187
If we measure a time, or, as we now call it, a bar, by pauses, as Franchinus directs, it will be found that [etc.].
30. Dressage. A single completed motion or action of a horse's movement. Now only with preceding numeral, in descriptions of a particular gait according to the number of separate movements of the legs of which it is considered to consist, as two time, three time, four time.
1726 N. B. 429/2
By Time is sometimes understood the Motion of a Horse who observes Measure and Justness in the Manage, or the Interval between two of its Motions: and sometimes, it signifies the Effect of one of the Aids; as, when they say such a Horseman disposes his Horse for the Effects of the Heel, in beginning with one Time of the Legs, and he never runs precipitantly upon his Legs.
1874 tr. E.-J. Marey ii. vi. 164
Most of the writers..name them [sc. paces of a horse], according to this rhythm, gallop in two, three, and four time.
1874 tr. E.-J. Marey ii. vi. 168
Representation of a horse galloping.—For this representation we will give three attitudes, differing much from each other, corresponding nearly with the three kinds of time found in this pace.
1901 M. H. Hayes xi. 233
The trot is a diagonal pace of two time (near fore and off hind, and off fore and near hind).
1990 N. Bartle tr. A. Knopfhart i. i. 8
Flying changes, the half-pass at canter and the canter-pirouette can be executed by a horse that canters four-time.
2007 J. Whitaker & I. Whitelaw 157/2
The horse is reined back in regular two-time steps, and then moves forward in four-time.
31. Originally: the rate at which troops are to march, usually expressed in terms of the number of paces taken per minute. Later more generally: the rate at which participants in any formal procession, parade, etc., march or walk.
1766 T. O'Loghlen iv. 57
How to change Time in Marching.
1787 I. Landmann tr. F. C. von Saldern ii. i. 38
He who believes, that upon the word step out; they march by a faster time, is mistaken.
1802 C. James
Quick Step, or Quick Time, is 108 steps of 30 inches each, or 270 feet in a minute, and is the step used in all filings of divisions. Quickest Step, or Quickest Time is 120 steps of 30 inches each, or 300 feet in a minute.
The time having been given on a drum, on the word March, the squad will move off.
1911 C. Mackenzie v. 48
Mr. Mayor, preceded by his mace, set the time, and a line of Aldermen carefully ordered their pace to his.
1995 M. Hodd 247
He [sc. the head porter] would often lead the singing and give a marching time to the porters.
32. In phrenology: the faculty of being aware of the passage of time. Now historical.
1815 J. G. Spurzheim viii. 40
The faculty of time also seems to me a quite distinct faculty: it may exist without order and number... The seat of the organ of time is higher than that of the organ of number.
1850 O. Gilbert 20
Isabella had not then sufficiently cultivated her organ of time to calculate years, or even weeks or hours.
1860 R. G. Mayne
Time,..Phrenol., a Faculty..giving the power of judging of time, and of intervals in general.
1890 M. O. Stanton I. i. v. 210
The faculty of Time has several diverse phases and is manifested in very different and distinct ways.
1993 M. Rilling in S. T. Boysen & E. J. Capaldi i. 9
Gall's section on counting was followed by a section devoted to the faculty of time.
In generalized sense.
33. Duration conceived as beginning and ending with the present life or the material universe, or as the sphere within which human affairs are contained; finite duration as distinct from eternity; the duration of the world or universe.
Hise word, ðat is hise wise sune..was of hin fer ear bi-foren Or ani werldes time boren.
Apoc. x. 6
The aungel..swoor by the lyuynge..that made of nouȝt heuen..for tyme shal no more be.
Þe seete of endeles blis, þere þou [sc. the Virgin Mary] dwellist wiþ þi sone wiþ-outen tyme.
1507 A. Chertsey tr. Honorius Augustodunensis
He [sc. God] gouerneth ye thynges the whiche ben in the oryent, and those the whiche ben in the occydent..and therfore a man sayth that he is all tyme & all thynges.
1567 J. Jewel iv. 446
The Abomination of Desolation shal stande in the Churche, vntil the Consummation, or ende of time.
1605 R. Mason 93
The first estates, determine in time: and the second being reall estates, onely with time: and not before the ending of time.
1635 J. Swan i. §3. 15
All time compared with eternitie is but short time, yea indeed as no time.
1646 R. Crashaw 33
Weake Time shall be pour'd out Into Eternity.
1745 xxxv. ix
He lov'd us from the first of Time, And loves us to the last.
a1758 A. Ramsay
A monument..Quhilk sall endure quhyle tymis telled out be days.
1785 W. Cowper v. 529
All has its date below; the fatal hour Was registered in Heaven ere time began.
1803 R. Heber 28
His voice amid the thunder's roar, His dreadful voice, that time should be no more.
1838 A. Edson
Raising her eyes towards heaven, as she closed them on time.
1868 Dec. 104
As far as..the great things of eternity exceed the small things of time, so far does moral glory exceed all other kinds of glory.
1908 4 June 10/3
Once make a success as a Cockney or a love-sick maiden, and a Cockney or a love-sick maiden you will be to the end of time.
1971 G. Urang iv. 145
Existence under the conditions of time gives way to the mode of being which we call eternal life.
In the Sarabande, the music seemed to stand outside time.
a. Indefinite continuous duration regarded as that in which existence, and the sequence of events, takes place; the abstract entity which passes, goes by, or is consumed as events succeed one another, esp. in regard to the bringing about of anticipated developments, change, etc.
Ine þise manere geþ þe tyme.
a1398 J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus
(BL Add. 27944)
I. ix. ii. 517
Tyme is mesure of chaungeable þingis, as Aristotel seiþ.
The tyme..goth..As watir that doun renneth ay But neuer drope Retourne may.
c1500 Lyfe Roberte Deuyll 121 in W. C. Hazlitt
The tyme drewe so, that nyne monethes was past.
1529 T. More f. 10
The kyngs hyghnes at length (as tyme alwaye tryeth owte the trouth) well perceyved hys innocency.
1539 R. Taverner tr. Erasmus sig. E.vi
There is no dyspleasure so great, no hatred so impotent, no sorowe so immoderate, but tyme asswageth it.
1594 L. Lewkenor tr. O. de la Marche f. 4
Banquettes..and such lyke: wherein Time, the treasure of life is consumed, and nothing hoorded vp, but griefe and repentance.
1638 F. Junius 29
In processe of time.
1651 T. Hobbes ii. xxx. 176
Time, and Industry, produce every day new Knowledge.
1690 J. Locke ii. xiv. 87
This Consideration of Duration, as set out by certain Periods, and marked by certain Measures or Epochs, is that, I think, which most properly we call Time.
1705 J. Addison 504
Whether or no they have done well, to set up for making another kind of Figure, Time will witness.
1743 R. Blair 26
Think we, or think we not, Time hurries on With a resistless unremitting Stream.
1794 A. Radcliffe III. v. 101
The few grey locks, which time had spared on his temples.
1821 Ld. Byron Cain iii. i, in 414
The mind then hath capacity of time, And measures it by that which it beholds, Pleasing or painful.
1849 10 i. 18
They leave it to time and nature to grass it over again.
1924 Mar. 76/1
Time softens and mellows the ordeal of reading our compositions..in the large school-room.
1988 R. Silverberg ix. 200
Time passes, and we all grow older.
2002 July 30/2
Victorian buildings that had survived the ravages of time and the doodlebug.
b. Frequently with capital initial. The personification of this. Also called (Old) Father Time .Conventionally represented as an aged man carrying a scythe and frequently an hourglass; sometimes also as bald except for a single lock of hair (see also ; but cf. ).
?a1439 J. Lydgate
i. l. 1437
Tyme [MS Tymes] with his rasour hath..Shauen a-wey the honour and the glory Off many a noble.
1509 S. Hawes
xliv. C iv
Sodainly came Time in breuiacion Whose similitude, I shall anone expresse Aged he was, with a bearde doubtles Of swalowes feaders.
This olde man with the sythe, olde father tyme they call.
1597 N. Ling f. 219
Time is so swift of foote, that beeing once past, he can neuer be ouer-taken. The fore-locks of time are the deciders of many doubts.
1609 W. Shakespeare iii. iii. 139
Time hath (my Lord) a wallet at his back, Wherein he puts almes for obliuion.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
ii. ii. 71
The plaine bald pate of Father time himselfe.
1679 J. Dryden iii. i. 25
He's an old wooden top, set up by father Time three hundred years ago.
1683 W. Soames tr. N. Boileau-Despréaux iii. 42
To paint old Ianus with his front of Brass, And take from Time his Scythe, his Wings and Glass.
1720 J. Dart tr. Tibullus viii. 51
Improve the Hours of every happy Day, For nimble Time walks unobserv'd away.
1747 W. King iv. 164
If the Women are Bald, or their Tresses are Grey; Father Time, and the Fates are in Fault—and not they.
1820 W. Irving Westm. Abbey in vii. 26
Time is ever silently turning over his pages.
1883 O. W. Holmes 29
Old Time his rusty scythe may whet.
1904 7 May 20/2
One is almost sorry for old Father Time..and yet there were many years when his scythe was a most formidable weapon.
1982 P. Dickinson
Time emerged..no friendly old gaffer with a scythe, but close kin to the skeleton reaper of the Totentanz.
1996 R. Gosden iii. 69
Just as we have reached the so-called prime of life..we catch a glimpse of Old Father Time waiting in the wings.
c. Chiefly Science Fiction. Time viewed as a medium through which travel into the past or future is hypothesized or imagined to be possible. Also in extended use. Cf.
1866 Nov. 567
This charm of travelling would become perfect if we could travel in time as well as in space—if..we could sometimes take a fortnight in the fifteenth century, or, still more pleasant, a leap into the twenty-first.
1895 H. G. Wells in Jan. 99
You have to admit that time is a spatial dimension,..and then all sorts of remarkable consequences are found inevitable. Among others, that it becomes possible to travel about in time.
1937 Aug. 70/2
The Time Traveler could move forward in time!
1975 5 Jan. 15/5
Not so long ago we were justified in seeing the granite fortress of St Andrews as a kind of Tardis. Step through the door and you were transported back in time to the early twenties.
1993 M. Atwood xii. 73
Trying to go back in time, to create the perfect pre-teen bedroom she once longed for but never had.
24 Sept. 7
If particles could travel faster than light, special relativity suggests travelling backwards through time is a possibility, but how anyone harnesses that to do anything useful is beyond the reach of any technology or material we have today.
a. Science. With preceding distinguishing word. A particular system of measuring or reckoning the length of the day and hence the passage of time.The length of the day is traditionally defined by the recurring passage through the sky of the sun or other celestial object. In the 20th cent. more accurate laboratory-based methods of measuring time, and hence the day length, were developed. Factors such as the motion of the earth about the sun, the earth's slightly irregular speed of rotation, and the celestial object chosen (sun, moon, or stars) all contribute to a variable day length. Cf. .apparent, atomic, earth, ephemeris, sidereal time, etc.: see the first element.
1646 G. Wharton 2
First, I will artificially erect the Figure of heaven, according to the doctrine of Regiomontanus, to the true, or apparent time of this Conjunction, and afterwards compare it with that, which Booker hath published.
1686 W. Molyneux x. 45
For so much is the aequation on the 4th of May to be substracted from the apparent time of the Sun to gain the mean time of the Clock; that is, when the Sun shews it to be 9 a Clock in the morning, the Clock ought to be but 8h. 55′. 43″.
The end [of the Eclipse] happened here, precisely Twenty four Minutes and Nine seconds after Ten a Clock in the Morning, apparent Time.
Its Pendulum was adjusted to such a Length, that in London it vibrated Seconds, of Siderial, and not of Solar Time.
1824 F. Bailey 15
The apparent time of the moon's culmination at Paris..was 8h16m.
1834 (Libr. Useful Knowl.) III. Math. Geogr. v. 16/1
A common sun-dial shows the hour of apparent time. Time-keepers or chronometers, common watches and clocks, are made to show the hour of mean time.
1910 C. L. Poor vii. 154
To find the substellar point..it is necessary for the observer to know the sidereal time at which the observation is made.
1965 8 Oct. 173/1
The second of Universal Time..could be realized..by astronomical measurements, mechanical clocks, molecular clocks, oscillating crystals, or atomic clocks.
1996 Sept. 86/1
The Earth is slowing. The measure of this effect is called Delta T (ΔT ) which is the difference between Dynamical Time (based on gravitational theory and atomic clocks) and Universal Time (based on Earth's rotation).
2009 W. G. Hopkins & N. P. A. Hüner
Phase-shifting in this way constantly adjusts or entrains the rhythm to local solar time.
b. With preceding distinguishing expression (usually a place name, or a season of the year): the system used for reckoning time (sense ) at a particular locality, or under particular circumstances (esp. the shortening or lengthening of the hours of daylight during a particular season); the time as reckoned according to the specified system. Also with possessive adjective, with reference to the time zone of the person or persons specified.Greenwich time: see . standard time: see . See also , , .
1754 J. Robertson II. ix. x. 307
The difference between the Greenwich time and the ship's time, is the difference of longitude.
1760 R. Heath 239/1
[The] Moon souths later at Greenwich in Greenwich Time, than at Paris, in Paris Time.
1836 16 Nov. 3/3
Quarter-past 11, over the district of Namur. Midnight by London time—extremely dark.
1840 Minutes Board of G.W.R. in
30 Aug. (G.W.R. Suppl.) 7/2
Outside clock to be provided for each station so as to be seen by passing trains, in order to ensure punctuality. London time to be adopted at all stations.
1859 5 Jan.
Trains leave Buffalo daily..from Erie street Depot, on New York time, as follows.
1866 J. E. Gastrell & H. F. Blanford 39
Mr. Grant assures me that his watch was correct by Calcutta time when he started on the previous day.
1897 8 Sept. 2/5
The Northern Pacific will run an accommodation train..leaving Mandan at 12 o'clock our time.
1916 13 Apr. 7/6
The [German] Federal Council has..ordered the institution of what is called ‘German Summer Time’.
1916 25 Apr. 4/1
With very little confusion the daylight saving time was adopted by all Winnipeg and its suburbs yesterday.
1935 Mar. 102
Moscow time is two hours later than that of Greenwich.
1948 A. N. Keith xviii. 295
He telephones me from Australia... We speak at twelve midnight, my time.
1979 P. Hill xxxiv. 81
[He] arrives at Kai Tak Airport, Hong Kong, 3 p.m. tomorrow afternoon our time.
2010 1 Feb. 43/1
Santelli's rant was delivered at 7:10 A.M., Chicago time.
c. Chiefly depreciative or humorous. With preceding modifying word relating to a group, country, etc.: the attitude to timekeeping associated with the specified type of people, usually implying a relaxed, haphazard, or unreliable approach to punctuality, keeping to a schedule, etc.
1936 C. Carmer iii. ii. 91
They come on Indian time—about an hour later than the time set.
1945 H. C. McQueen ii. 41
‘Maori time’, the casualness of meals and meal-times, the frequent indifference towards the completion of a piece of work.
1972 23 July b29/1
The train from Nogales..[is] on the old-fashioned side but comfortable—if you don't care what time you get there. It runs on Mexican time. Manana is soon enough.
1992 13 Oct. 32/2
Only four students are at their desks... ‘I see we're operating on Gay People Time.’
2005 M. H. Smith x. 118
Wilson was late, as usual... There was island time, usually a good fifteen to twenty minutes slow; and there was Wilson time. That was whenever he got around to it or felt like it.
Used to indicate that a particular moment in time has arrived, esp.
(a) the end of a period of rest or informal play, or of a prescribed portion of play, in various sports (cf. senses , );
(b) the end of opening hours in a public house or other licensed establishment (cf. sense ). Cf. also .
1816 Bell's Weekly Disp. 12 May in P. Egan
The dogs were under the care of their seconds, when several persons cried out ‘Time, time.’
1833 Cricketers' Reg. 25 in 5
The umpire called ‘Time,’ on which the two batsmen left their ground.
1884 Apr. 436
The gusto with which he arranged the ring, and called, ‘Time, gentlemen, if you please.’
1899 Apr. 652
Cries of ‘Time! Time!’... Chairman. It is the duty of the Chair to call time when three minutes have elapsed.
1901 ‘B. L. Standish’ vi. 46
‘Time!’ called the referee... Then the two foes stood face to face.
1902 G. Hill in G. R. Sims II. 292/2
The potmen look to the fastenings of doors, lights are lowered, and cries of ‘Time, gentlemen, please!’ grow more peremptory.
1953 J. Mortimer v. 87
It's not very comfortable in our pub... They're always shouting ‘time’ and turning the lights on and off.
1989 A. Sinclair xvi. 231
Maclaren-Ross hardly heeded the nightly ritual pub reminder, ‘Time, gentlemen, please. Time.’
2004 P. E. High 95
Somewhere a voice shouted ‘Time!’ and Bretton almost collapsed in the folding chair. The huge sponge..was almost slapped into his face.
1. English regional and U.S. regional. During the time that; while; when. Now rare.
1875 E. Tweddell 22
Let's be off,..tahme it's seea nice an' leet.
1926 E. Ferber 124
I was keelboatin' time you was runnin' around, a barefoot on the landin'.
1948 M. Carbery & E. Grey 145
Time, when: ‘Time we lived Redbourne way.’
1950 R. Moore 13
Time Joel Walls had his net, one night he caught seven hogsids.
2. colloquial (chiefly U.S. and Caribbean). By the time that; as soon as; at the moment that.Formerly esp. in representations of African-American usage.
1887 J. C. Harris 85
Time I look at 'im I know he ain' de villyun w'at make off wid my ginger-cakes.
1890 Nov. 547
But, time I gave her the address, she went on as if she would like to go, and meant a-going, the very next day.
1921 B. B. Valentine 21
Big Aaron call', an' time I tu'n an' look, He threw his han's up 'fo' his eyes, an' hid his face.
1938 M. K. Rawlings ix. 78
You git on to the sink-hole, son, and I'll foller time I've skinned out your 'coon hide.
1961 R. Gover 135
He gone so lo-o-o-o-ng! Time he git back, I near outta my black hide.
1975 O. Thomas 15
I asked my friend, Kenny To lend me a penny But time I reach Tantie it lost.
2009 S. Littlefield ix. 264
They took you to surgery as soon as they got you in here, but time I got over here, you were in recovery.
With another noun.
a. time of day
(also time of the day
(a) A point or period in the course of a day or of the diurnal cycle; = sense . In later use also: a point or stage in any period or course of events (somewhat colloquial).
As þah hit were þe seoueðe time of þe dei.
l. 407 (MED)
It is time of dai man to wake, Som del of mi sorwe sclake.
ii. §33. 42
This is no mor to seyn but any tyme of the day tak the altitude of the sonne.
1440 J. Capgrave
What for þe sunne sore he gan to swete..Tyme of þe day was euene þe nontyde.
a1547 J. Redford
Ah! syr, what tyme of day yst?
1595 A. Copley ii. 78
They are by this time of day deep rooted in his beleefe.
1634 J. Ford iii. sig. E3
How runnes the time of day?.. Past tenne my Lord.
1700 J. Collier 114
The Favour of a Prince was not..unreputable at that time of day.
1771 T. Smollett I. 21
I will not begin at this time of day to distress my tenants, because they..cannot make regular payments.
1783 X. 8716/1
The precise time of the day in which the flowers of different plants open, expand, and shut.
1810 R. B. Sheridan 20 Apr.
Without dissembling the hardship it [sc. not having a servant] will be to me, At my Time of Day.
1862 15 Mar. 6/1
No man at this time of day pretends to maintain, that [etc.].
1870 J. Nicholson 25
A watch... At least 'twad ha'e tald him the time o' the day.
1905 28 Jan. 107/1
At this time of day it seems incredible that any modern shrub should suffer the abhorred shears.
1937 29 July 10/2
That such varied theories should at this time of day be advanceable but serves to show how much we are in the dark.
1981 D. Anderson xii. 93
The worst time of the day was when your father would come home.
2007 D. S. Wilson xii. 75
Morning sickness..is better named pregnancy sickness because it can occur at any time of day.
(b) (i) to give (wish, etc.) the time of day (to)
(1) To greet (as by saying ‘good morning’, etc.). Now rare and somewhat archaic.
1594 W. Shakespeare iii. i. 14
In the morne, When euery one will giue the time of day.
1611 R. Cotgrave
Saluër, to salute, greet,..giue the time of the day vnto.
1674 tr. P. M. de la Martinière 92
Discerning we were strangers, [he] saluted us in Dutch, gave us the time of the day.
1707 J. Stevens tr. F. de Quevedo
It shall be always allow'd to give the Time of the Day, but no New-Years-Gifts.
1844 Mar. 116/1
He smiled, and lifting his hat from his head, gave her the time of day.
1906 S. Ford vii. 165
She had her lamps turned our way, and I hears Sadie give her the time of the day as sweet as you please.
1913 A. Huxley 30 July
Dearest Father, Just to wish you the time of day and so forth.
(2) colloquial. To be civil towards, acknowledge the presence of, help or cooperate with (a person). Chiefly in negative contexts.
1851 A. Spiers
Ne pas traiter q. u. [= quelqu'un] avec les [civilité]s ordinaires,..not to give a. o. [= any one] the time of the day.
1902 ‘M. E. Francis’ xxii. 347
And ye won't so much as give her the time o' day!
1964 7 Jan. 6/2
Some hens are talkative; others are close-mouthed and wouldn't give you the time of day.
1979 A. Maling
You've come to the wrong place. Paul Carmichael won't give me the time of day.
2005 B. Keating & S. Keating
The Britishers will never consider us as their own... They won't give us the time of day when Uhuru comes.
(ii) Used in greetings, as (good, fair) time of day (to you) . Now archaic and rare.
1597 W. Shakespeare i. iii. 18
Good time of day vnto your royall grace.
1600 W. Shakespeare v. ii. 3
To our brother France, Faire time of day.
1601 B. Jonson i. iv. sig. D2
The time of daye to you Gentleman: is Signior Prospero stirring?
1813 C. Lamb ii. i. 24
Good time of day to you, Mr. Hogsflesh.
1842 T. Cross v. vii. 98
Good time of day to William's chosen chief.
1979 E. Bentley tr. H. von Kleist Wannsee in Autumn 548/1
Rosalie: This is Count Frederick, Sybilla. Sybilla: The time of day to you, most noble sir!
(iii) to pass the time of day : to exchange greetings, pleasantries, or casual remarks; to spend time chatting, usually briefly.
1835 22 June
This [sc. ‘howdy’] is an idiom, and corresponds rather to our fashion of ‘passing the time of day’ with a man.
1854 A. E. Baker I. 175
‘To pass the time of day’. To greet in passing, as ‘Good morning’, &c.
1922 J. Joyce ii. 280
I was just passing the time of day with old Troy..and be damned but a bloody sweep came along and he near drove his gear into my eye.
1965 23 Sept. 453/2
The English chaps would pretend..to be very friendly and jovial and pass the time of day and that sort of thing.
2000 F. Keane 159
Men were starting to patrol without flak jackets and stopping to pass the time of day with people on the street.
(c) As the type of something of little value, in negative expressions, esp. not worth the time of day.Apparently rare before the 20th cent.
1609 W. Shakespeare xvii. 35
None woulde looke on her..and helde a Mawkin not worth the time of day .
1898 27 Dec. 5/4
That jay ain't worth her time of day.
1947 24 Apr. 19/2
I never met a tough guy who was worth the time of day.
1977 A. Mitra xxxiv. 146
The credibility of the Government has been so much eroded that many will not trust it even with the time of the day.
2007 J. D. Mason 191
Married men were no–no's and not worth the time of day, and Lewis wasn't even her type.
(d) colloquial or slang. The prevailing aspect of affairs; the state of the case; the right or most effective way of doing something (esp. when this is regarded as not generally known). In later use chiefly in to know the time of day : to be well-informed, to ‘know what's what’ (cf. ).
1667 M. Poole 161
No friend, it is not that time of day.
1682 J. Bunyan 10
If that be done, I know, quickly what time of day 'twill be with us.
They give him such Counsel as they believe him inclined to..which is a kind of setting the Sun by the Dyal; so that the King never knows what time of day 'tis among his Subjects.
1829 July 131
Who should I meet, but a jolly blowen, Who was fly to the time o' day.
1837 C. Dickens xxxviii. 422
Steady, Sir, steady; that's the time o' day.
1897 ‘Ouida’ xxvii
‘She knows the time o' day’, said the other.
1910 W. Boyle i. 9
Mary Mulroy, it's a good job for you someone knows the time of day. If they didn't, you and Ned and this feather-headed son o' yours 'id be made hares of.
1993 J. Grigg VI. 47
Heath he had every reason to admire, as a Conservative who knew the time of day and as a dedicated European.
23 Nov. (Sport section) 14
He was a good trainer and he knew the time of day.
b. time of life: a point or epoch in the course of a person's life; a person's age.In later use sometimes used spec. of middle age, or of the menopause.
1539 Gen. xviii. f. viv/2
In returnynge, I wil come agayne vnto the, acordinge to the tyme of lyfe.
1576 R. Robinson tr. F. Patrizi f. 54v
They do deuide our age, or tyme of lyfe by the number of seauen.
a1647 T. Hooker
If the work of Grace had been appropriated to any time of Life, either Youth, Man-hood, or Old Age, alone.
1741 S. Richardson IV. xlix. 301
If she would..not endeavour to conceal her Age, she would have a great many Compliments for looking so well at her Time of Life.
a1771 T. Gray
At our time of life, 'twould be silly, my dear.
1838 E. C. Gaskell 17 Aug.
We agreed..that when people are come to yr time of life, there is no use having long engagements.
1883 27 Nov.
How could she wear flaxen hair and bangs at her time of life? It was indecent, improper, scandalous!
1971 ‘E. Ferrars’ vi. 100
Whatever's wrong with a woman over forty, it seems to me, people say it's her Time of Life.
1981 J. Mann xxii. 132
Aidan has already threatened me with psychiatrists. He says it is ‘my time of life’.
2002 Mar. 54/2
The child actually became the caregiver at a time of life when he or she should have been the cared for.
c. Chiefly Shipbuilding. time and lime: used to refer to an arrangement by which a ship is built for the cost of labour and materials, plus an agreed percentage. Frequently attributive. Now rare.Although the earliest evidence relates to shipbuilding, the use of in the phrase may suggest an origin in bricklaying or a similar trade; cf. quot. , which relates to building generally.
1902 R. MacIntyre in 272
Some concerns..merely charge material and labour [for building a steamer]—‘time and lime’ is the not inapt description of this system—plus a certain percentage as profit.
In building transactions there are what are known as time and lime contracts.
1918 1 May 5/6
The shipyards are building on what is called the ‘time and lime’ system.
1968 17 13
Naval building may also be assumed to be generally profitable since so much of it has the character of prototype construction and tends to be on ‘time and lime’.
d. a matter (also question) of time : said with reference to an event or circumstance that is thought certain to come about, or to resolve itself in a particular way, sooner or later. Esp. in it's only a matter (or question) of time .
1830 29 314
We have found the difference between the most zealous reformers, and those who once sneered at the very name, sunk into a question of degree; as the abolition of slavery has become a question of time.
1837 W. Walton I. 352
Their reconciliation to their sovereign and their country, if they sincerely wished it.., was merely a matter of time.
1851 Dec. 543/1
Altogether, the continuance of the Mexican republic seems to be merely a matter of time. It must, sooner or later, fall to pieces.
1858 Dec. 39/2
It will be only a question of time before you act in accordance with my recommendation.
1928 E. O'Neill iii. 94
I'm making good, all right..since I got married—and it's only a question of time.
1963 ‘J. le Carré’ viii. 81
It was only a matter of time before it packed up.
2009 Jan. 21/1
It was only a matter of time before this son of a bitch was drummed out of the Force.
e. euphemistic. time of the month (also bad time of the month): the time during which a woman is menstruating; an occurrence of menstruation; frequently with possessive adjective. Cf. .
1931 E. R. Groves & G. H. Groves vii. 177
She who doubts the warmth of her passionate nature will do well to accept the aid of her ‘time of the month’ in educating her sex powers.
1940 20 Feb. 6/1
Gee I'm sorry! But it's my bad time of the month and I'm just miserable with chafing!
1968 F. Exley viii. 379
My first impression was that it was her time of the month, my first impulse to hurry her discreetly to the girls' room.
2002 R. Gervais & S. Merchant 1st Ser. Episode 1. 24
Alright? What is it, time of the month?
f. time of the moon: a point in the lunar cycle.
1528 tr. Aristotle xv. sig. bv
Loke thou therof take noo kepe If thou haue any thyng to done Abyde a beeter [read better] tyme of the moone.
1566 T. Blundeville Order curing Horses Dis. xxxii. f. 24v, in
The horse that hath this disease, is blinde at certaine tymes of the Moone.
1662 J. Chandler tr. J. B. van Helmont 145
The immortall minde..doth not vary through Lunatickness or Frantickness at a certain time of the Moon.
1704 J. Swift iv. 97
The Operation was performed by Spargefaction in a proper Time of the Moon.
1798 J. Ebers II. 709/2
Mondäugig, lunatic, whose eyes run at certain Times of the Moon.
1885 A. Brassey 211
The right time of the moon for the ‘tigers of the sea’ [i.e. sharks] to be about.
1934 6 Nov. 11/2
There is always a good crop at harvest time if the planting is done at the right time of the moon.
At a time of the moon when bottom fishing can be difficult due to rapid water movement from the big tides.
g. a question of time: see .
h. In alliterative association with tide, in various senses of both words, esp. in time and tide. Frequently in or with allusion to proverbial phrases: see .Originally apparently with the two words in distinct senses; later used almost synonymously. Cf. etymological note.
He wat wel wat tim or tide þat ȝee hade eten o þis tre.
(Westm. Sch. 3)
What tyd or tyme so þat we þis breed faile to þe soule, he waxiþ seek in synne & drawiþ to þe deeþ.
1474 in L. F. Salzman
Thei..take theyr houres of Rest and Respit betwene the tyme and tyde as it is affore accordyng to the season of the yere that thei labor in.
c1550 R. Bieston B j
And founden wast thou fyrst in euyll time and tyde.
1581 J. Marbeck 804
For their penaunce, according to the number, manner, time and tide giuen them by their ghostly father.
1602 J. Marston ii. iv. sig. Ev
The diuell in his good time and tide forsake thee.
1712 W. Goldwin 8
An inland Port..Where new or shatter'd Gallies safely Sleep, Till Time and Tide remand them to the Deep.
1791 R. Burns 67
Nae man can tether time or tide.
1874 T. Hardy I. viii. 95
A true narrative, like time and tide, must run its course and would wait for no man.
1980 P. Grace in L. Wevers
4th Ser. 110
Now this strip here,..it's where we used to get our pipis, any time or tide.
2000 K. Shamsie
Why can't we roll with it; see where time and tide take us?
(a) time after time: on many occasions, again and again, repeatedly.
?a1425 tr. Guy de Chauliac
(N.Y. Acad. Med.)
Auicen in þis case when þat þe hete is remissed commaundeþ for to distille tyme after tyme [L. vice post vicem] wiþ a poyntelle inuolued with cotone.
1584 E. Paget tr. J. Calvin 626
Continually tyme after tyme hee [sc. God] sent vnto them diuerse Prophetes.
1631 W. Gouge iii. §6. 192
The like hath been verified time after time.
1715 in H. Pickworth 294
We have Time after Time commanded Henry Pickworth to make away his reflectious Book against our Holy Order.
1752 W. Goodall IV. xii. xvi. 231
Thus I was driven from my Purpose, Time after Time, and continually deluded by his treacherous Advice.
1848 A. Somerville 130
There I, time after time, sat down for several hours each time, and looked across the narrow road to the window.
1881 B. Jowett tr. Thucydides I. 42
Time after time we have warned you.
1921 H. C. Witwer 21
The coach..appointed me tackling dummy, insisting upon me carrying the ball the length of the field time after time.
2008 24 Nov. 52/2
This was someone who..was encouraged to mortgage her home, time after time, without sound lending practices.
(b) time to time: from time to time (see ). U.S. colloquial in later use.rare before 20th cent. In later use as a colloquial shortening of from time to time.
l. 4189 (MED)
Tyme to tyme he ȝaf hem..Of his goode.
1950 S. Barker vii. 103
I'm only a poor yeoman, but I put money in there, time to time, like we always did at Old Thorny.
1977 T. Babe ii. 49
I wanna know if she calls again, which she's been doing time to time.
2008 J. Peacock 64
‘You were over at Devin's apartment when Strawberry was there?’ ‘Time to time.’
j. all the time in the world: a great deal of time; enough time, by a comfortable margin, in which to do something. Frequently in to have all the time in the world .
1840 C. H. Townshend ii. 18
He would begin to draw a bit of rock ahead of us, and commence shading it in a sad smudgy style, as if he had all the time in the world to finish it accurately.
1887 H. W. Preston ii. 187
There'll be all the time in the world for that, I should say.
1923 G. S. Mason in B. C. Williams
Tide will be right in two hours and fifteen minutes; all the time in the world.
1952 M. Allingham xi. 184
If you 'ad only woodened 'er, we'd have 'ad all the time in the world.
2001 No. 9. 148
They seemed to have all the time in the world to perfect their pipe riding or effortlessly cruise through snow-bloated trees under deep, clear blue skies—without the stress of impending exams.
k. the time of one's life: see . the nick of time: see .
With a following adverb.
a. time about
(a) Alternately; by turns. Later (now more usually) in the fuller form time and time about (cf. ). Chiefly regional in later use.The shorter form of the phrase was and remains chiefly Scottish (earliest with preceding possessive adjective; formerly also †times about).
1537 in C. Innes
Sex of þe foirsaid viccaris þair tyme about ilk Satirdaye..sall syng þe foirsaid anteme.
?1590–1 J. Burel tr. Pamphilus in sig. C3v
To gang and cum, and towartis you resort, Our time about, for to confer anone.
c1650 J. Spalding
Becaus..diuerss of his freindis sould cum..thair tyme about, and attend his lordschipis seruice.
1756 M. Calderwood
That a protestant emperor should be chosen time about with a popish.
1816 W. Scott II. x. 256
Time about's fair play.
1820 Mar. 664/1
Suppose now, I should give you the two stiles time and time about, like riggs of rundale on the hip of Tinwald hill.
1828 W. Carr
(at cited word)
Times about, in turns, in rotation.
1849 28 Sept.
He and his brother Louis..had..only one coat between them, so the brothers could only go out alternately, time and time about.
1868 R. L. Stevenson Let. July in
You observe that I spell Philistine time about with one and two l's.
1907 W. G. Maxwell 252
The two sang against one another, time and time about.
1932 ‘L. G. Gibbon’ 23
The ministers from Drumlithie and Arbuthnott and Laurencekirk they came time about in the Sunday forenoons and took the service there.
1963 J. Faulkner 273
In Pylon..he wrote about two men sharing, time and time about, the same woman.
1974 P. M. Fink 27
They go to her church and his'n, time about.
1988 J. J. Graham & J. Tait VIII. 19
Du hang dem ower da bar ida roof abün a guid fire, hint an fore time aboot ta tak up less room.
(b) English regional (northern). A double traversal of a field (cf. sense ). Now rare.
1894 R. O. Heslop
Time-aboot, a double journey in field work, extending from heedrig to heedrig and back again.
1905 I. Wilkinson in VI. 152/1
[N. Yorkshire] Time-about [a double journey in field-work].
b. originally U.S. time and again (also time and time again, (now less commonly) times and again): repeatedly; on many occasions; very often.
Application was made, time and again, relative to the College.
1831 23 Feb. 252/3
It has been recommended, times and again, not to give horses grain unbroken on this account.
1835 28 Mar. 172/2
We know that this has been reported of it time and time again.
1870 W. Morris 414
Time and again, he, listening to such word, Felt his heart kindle.
1873 29 Dec. 3/6
You have besought permission to see me time and time again.
1916 A. Quiller-Couch ix. 179
France has helped us times and again.
1977 May 29/2
Time and time again we have been told of the desperate need to coordinate squatting activities.
2009 C. Ackerley in W. Van Mierlo 109
Time and again she had to make difficult decisions about disputed words and phrasing.
c. time(s) and oft (also often) : = . Now rare.
1791 W. Taylor tr. G. E. Lessing
And have not I too said so, times and oft.
Time and oft, dress'd lamb fashion, I zeed an old ewe.
1808 E. Sleath III. 94
The fine handsome young officer, who has been here times and often.
1862 M. E. Braddon II. xiii. 303
Luke knows this, and the landlord has warned him of it times and often.
1920 S. Graham 174
Premature greetings have been given time and oft to new Negro culture and responsibility.
1972 P. M. Fraser I. x. 658
A floating islet..which sailors from the Cyclades and the Saronic Gulf saw time and oft in the waters of the northern Aegean.
d. Chiefly regional. time back: some (esp. a long) time ago; (also) for a long time.
1812 M. Edgeworth Absentee x, in II. 155
My lord Clonbrony wrote, and ordered plantations here, time back.
1845 Aug. 140/2
The horse-rake..was very useful..; he had experienced the want of it time back.
1887 T. Darlington
Time ago.., Time back.., some time ago.
1946 4 Apr. 16/1
O'Connell is attempting to break a jinx that has followed all fighters from time back.
2003 M. Bragg
[He] said he knew him from time back and he was a bit of a nancy boy.
e. time off
(a) Time away from one's work, school, regular occupation, etc., esp. for rest or recreation. Cf. .
[1850 Aug. 360
We would counsel all public writers to think well of the best means of economizing themselves—the best means of spending their time off duty.]
1881 1 Sept.
Counsellor Fox..wonders how he can get so much time off from his work in New York.
1897 A. Daly tr. F. Von Schönthan iii. 73
I'd like to ask if I could go to the Private Coachman's ball to-night, ma'am... I never have any time off.
1914 Dec. 55
The clerks in his store have compensation for this extra service in the form of an allowance for meals and time off later for the extra hours put in.
1954 10 Dec. 736/2
Theorists who indulge the undemocratic vice of taking time off to think.
The Financial Times was not published because of a dispute between management and N.G.A. compositors over time-off.
2009 5 Jan. 53/2
Your salary is not taxed, you get hardship pay, time off, and a lot of your expenses are covered.
(b) Time taken off the length of a prison sentence, most commonly in recognition of good behaviour. Also in extended use.
1881 15 Sept.
The date of his commitment was October 1878, and the time off for good behavior made up the difference in the sentence.
1951 ‘J. Tey’ i. 9
Benny would get time off for good behaviour.
1994 N. Parker ix. 94
His appeal was due to be heard shortly and he was counting on getting some time off.
2009 L. Weber xii. 170
PR is operating in what is effectively a never-ending global news cycle. There's no time off for good behavior.
f. time out
(a) originally U.S. Time forming a break from an activity, task, or occupation. Frequently (esp. in early use) in to take time out .
1892 A. S. Roe 58
With the exception of some time out on account of sickness, she has been constantly in the school.
1898 24 Jan. 8/5
A most important change is that in regard to the delaying of the game by taking time out.
1902 13 May 3/5
Before she departed,..she took time out from her suffering to lay the seeds of the disaster.
1918 30 June 50/2
The Peerless made the run from Fresno into Los Angeles (and there was some time out for pictures on the Ridge route) in a trifle over seven hours.
1950 16 Oct. 10
Always the right answer—when you need time out to relax and get a fresh start!
1968 J. D. Hicks xii. 219
The purpose of this change was to enable students to pursue their studies the year around, with a minimum of time out for vacations.
2007 5 Jan. 16/2
A quiet garden is simply somewhere beautiful where people can take time out to rest and pray.
(b) Sport. Usually as two words or with hyphen. Suspension in play, accompanied by the stopping of the clock, either at the request of one team or player, or as ordered by the referee, umpire, etc., typically for rest, consultation, or making substitutions. Now chiefly in to call time out .
1896 W. Camp & L. F. Deland vi. 61
Time out, time taken out by the referee when play is not actually in progress.
1898 9 Oct. 6/1
In the second half the frequent calls for ‘time out’ were invariably made for the benefit of a purple player.
Either captain may ask time out three times each half; penalty thereafter unless a player removed from game.
1925 Apr. 12/2
Then the whistle blew for time out. Something had happened. The U's meteoric halfback..was hurt.
1972 J. Mosedale v. 61
We'd just stopped them on our one-yard line and called time-out.
27 Nov. p1 d
West Virginia had plenty of time to win the game and did so without calling time out to allow LSU to set its defense.
(c) colloquial (originally U.S.). As an imperative, calling for a break or halt, esp. in a conversation which is becoming uncomfortable, heated, confused, etc.: ‘hold on’, ‘wait a minute’; ‘calm down’, ‘relax’.Originally with allusion or reference to a suspension of play in sporting contexts (see ).
1906 S. Ford iii. 60
‘Time out!’ says I, blockin' the Boss's pet upper cut. ‘Mister 'Ankins seems to have something on the place where his mind ought to be.’
1937 Oct. 6/2
‘Sandy MacDonald's coming in to replace me!’ he informed. ‘Time out, please!’
1945 T. Slesinger & F. Davis Tree grows in Brooklyn
in J. Gassner & D. Nichols 200/2
Hey, time out, I've had enough battlin' to last me today.
1961 12 Sept. 29/1
Time out! Stop this madness!
1988 S. Lee Do the Right Thing
(film script, 2nd draft)
in S. Lee & L. Jones
Yo! Hold up! Time out! Time out! Y'all take a chill. Ya need to cool that shit out.
22 June 19
Whoa! Time out. Let's reassess.
g. time is (also was, etc.) up
(a) With possessive, indicating that a period of time allotted to a person (for a task, visit, activity, etc.) or to a thing has ended, or will soon end.
1651 E. Hall 7
God declares to him [sc. the prophet Daniel] how long the dissipation of the Jewes shall be, which..began Anno 360. therefore their time is up about this yeare 1650. their time of dissipation being to continue 1290. years.
1694 J. Collier iii. 18
My Time is up, I must leave you.
1784 H. Cowley i. ii. 11
Tell her that a peerage, like the parliament, lasts but seven years, and that your time is up.
1808 July 592/2
Still less can I discover any reason why, soon after the Taste which presides in Bond-street has hit upon a becoming article, it should give way to one less so, merely because ‘its time is up’.
1896 26 Nov. 109/1
My allowed time was up.
1958 6 Sept. 330/2
Farewell, adieu, BM and PRO, My time is up, reluctantly I go.
1997 7 Apr. 20/3
Helmut Kohl has declared war on the conventional wisdom that after 15 years in power, his time is up.
(b) Without possessive, indicating that an allotted period of time has ended or must end. Also as a warning exclamation, esp. as time's up.
a1673 T. Horton
If the time be up it is no matter when it is first begun.
1792 Chron. 199/2
Ryan put in the first blow on the chest of his opponent, and brought him down. When the time was up, and each were on their guard, Johnson returned the compliment.
1826 Apr. 163
Chapel bell is done tolling—time is up.
1871 G. R. Cathcart cxxxiii. 140
Time's up, Sly... If I catch you running over time again, I'll wallop you!
1901 R. Fitzsimmons 159
Time was up. The champion was out.
1980 B. Okri vii. 58
Well, Jero, time is up. You'd better be going now.
2002 C. Williams 187
Time's up! I'm outa here.
With a preceding adverb or preposition.
a. about time:
(a) approximately the right or suitable time (for a specified event or circumstance);
(b) colloquial (originally with some irony) long past the right time; used to suggest that the event or circumstance in question should have come about much earlier, or is long overdue; frequently as a separate utterance (often with too).
1807 i. iv. 62
Come, now it is about time to repair to the Assembly.
1820 11 Mar.
As it is about time you were getting your hay seeds together, it would give us pleasure to assist you in supplying you with [etc.].
1843 July 35
Having pulled heartily thus far, we considered it ‘about time’ to take a small pull at the brandy-bottle.
1846 F. Trollope I. i. 11
‘But never mind, with my management I dare say I shall make it do.’ ‘And about time, my dear,’ said her husband.
1856 Jan. 58
Kingstown..is only at 6 guineas. Surplice is half-price, and about time too.
a1902 F. Norris
‘At last, at last,’ she cried, ‘and about time, too!’
1940 W. Faulkner iv. i. 285
I reckon it's about time to get dinner started.
1977 A. Clarke ix. 103
‘Now you're talking,’ said Jill, ‘and about time too.’
2009 Jan. 38/3
It's about time I gave up the stairs now—my knee is playing up.
b. Chiefly regional. not afore time = .
1899 Oct. 21/1
An' we got him out, an' not afore time, for he wa full o' watter, and he took some getting round.
2001 M. Eccles x. 91
‘Ar. Not afore time, neither.’ His voice quavered with self-pity.
c. against time: in competition with the passage of time; with the aim of finishing a race, one's task, etc., as quickly as possible, or before the expiry of a certain period. Frequently in race against time. Cf. .
1759 23 June 207/1
[He] started at Newmarket to perform a match against time, to ride fifty miles in two hours.
1790 J. Bentham v. 18
Some men have got a name, by trying causes, as if for a wager, against time.
1838 Mar. 155
He [sc. a skater] re-commences his exertions in an hour, and runs chiefly against time.
1854 C. Dickens i. viii. 58
A..population of babies who had been walking against time towards the infinite world.
1872 10 Feb. 57/2
No member shall speak against time or his own convictions.
1911 June 798/1
A large force of men set to work in a race against time.
1935 ‘E. Queen’ 86
What would you gentlemen expect a thief, working against time, to do under these circumstances?
1975 1 Feb. 16
Sheikh Mujib's ‘second revolution’ last weekend was his personal answer to this race against time.
2008 C. Tiernan xxiv. 327
The writer had been working against time to record the minutes of a stormy meeting.
(a) at times (formerly also †at time): at one time and another, at various times; occasionally, on occasion. Also †at times and again.
Eccles. x. 1
More precious is wisdam and litil glorie at tyme [L. ad tempus], than folie.
x. xxxviii. sig. Diiijv
Thenne he kyste her and dyd to her plesaunce as it pleased them bothe at tymes and leysers.
1529 T. More Dialogue Heresyes iii, in 245/1
Our sauiour at tyme taught his apostles a part.
1549 J. Bale in J. Leland Pref. sig. B.i
Some they sent ouer see to ye bokebynders, not in small nombre, but at tymes whole shyppes full.
1611 Judges xiii. 25
The Spirit of the Lord beganne to mooue him at times .
1722 W. Sewel i. 13
At Times his Mind was much exercised.
1779 No. 39. ⁋9
I believe most men have, at times, wished to be..possessed of the power of moulding the world to their fancy.
1806 15 381
The pain in her head became so acute, as to produce at times, actions of violence.
Some blacks, at times and again, hovering over a few coals.
1884 W. C. Smith 46
I blame myself at times.
1905 M. Moore 8 Oct.
At times I feel quite self-possessed so things may get brighter.
1955 19 Mar. 185/2
Patients with this disease are at times completely withdrawn from the world around them.
2010 14 May 29/3
It would have been good to pause at times from the factual record to consider what was changing.
(b) at no time: on no occasion, never.
III. 256 (MED)
We hadde neuyr non astat, riht, ne possession in the forsaid londis att no tyme.
1436 W. Paston in
John Roys never at noo tyme payed..for þe dette he aught to hym.
c1475 tr. C. de Pisan
A laumpe..sholde at no tyme be lefte vnlyght.
1517 R. Fox tr. St. Benedict iii. sig. B.vv
That ye be well ware euery howre what dedes ye doo in this present lyfe, that at no tyme ye fall or offende rechelesly or necligently.
1557 T. Tusser sig. C.iiv
Pinche weannels at no time, of water nor meate.
1652 P. Heylyn iii. sig. Mmm
The People..able at no time to stand by themselves.
1660 R. Coke Elements Power & Subjection 162 in
At no time a Priest is worthy to celebrate Mass, who hath not received the Eucharist.
1774 O. Goldsmith IV. 131
At no time are they found at any great distance from their retreats.
1861 Ld. Brougham
The French States at no time attained the regularity of the English Parliament.
1904 Jan. 226/2
At no time could we see the trawler, though we heard the click of her windlass.
1937 J. P. Marquand iv. 29
At no time in the history of the world have such material changes occurred as those in John Apley's life span.
9 Aug. (Business section) 5/3
At no time does SDI ever receive any identifiable patient information.
(c) at the same time
(i) During the same period, at the same moment, not earlier or later; simultaneously.
Parl. Feb. 1445 §40. m. 6
That the shirref or undershirref, coroners and baillies..be there atte the same tyme in her owen person.
1598 R. Hakluyt tr. E. van Meteren in
At the same time the Spanish Fleete was escried by an English pinasse.
1620 N. Brent tr. P. Sarpi viii. 779
Besides his treatie with Loraine..he receiued at the same time a resolution from the Emperour.
1663 G. Harvey II. i. xxiii. 191
In many pillared round Churches a loud voice doth resonate by several Eccho's near upon at the same time.
1705 D. Defoe II. 207/1
These Convoy by their Intelligence one and the same Report at the same time to all Parts of the World to their Sub-Agents.
1780 No. 100. ⁋4
In two of Shakespeare's tragedies are introduced, at the same time, instances of counterfeit madness, and of real distraction.
1841 E. W. Lane tr. I. 19
A man may have 4 wives at the same time.
1937 Apr. 14/1
Its glossy-leaved branches carry at the same time flowers and green and fully ripe fruit.
1990 J. Hamilton iv. 81
He had the enviable facility of being able to carry on a conversation and draw at the same time.
2010 11 Feb. 16/1
In 1985, in Hamburg, I played against thirty-two different chess computers at the same time.
(ii) With clause specifying an occurrence simultaneous with another: during the same period or at the same moment as, that, when, etc.
1555 J. Wilkinson tr. L. de Avila y Cuñiga sig. L.ii
The Lordes of Vlme make suche spede for to reduce themselues into the seruice of his maiesty at the same tyme that the Countye Palentine was in halle.
1571 R. Reynolds f. 100
At the same time as this tribute was demaunded, Coil succeding Asclepiodorus.
1604 E. Grimeston tr. 87
At the same time when as these ships entred, fire tooke a house at the East-port.
1674 N. Fairfax 7
He is, at the same time the evil thing is done, as much the cause of the gainstanding good that is not done.
1746 R. James II. 272
Such medicines as promote suppuration, at the same time that they prevent a putredinous corruption.
1787 T. Best
The Shorn-Fly. Comes on about the same time as the Canon-fly.
1860 8 Dec. 452/1
Frequently..the mother is churched at the same time that her infant is baptized.
1972 24 Apr. 40/2
Mrs. Hogan's Valium arrived at the same time I did.
1992 16 Sept. 4/5
Mr Mellor was there at the same time when the whole of the Government was working towards getting Iraq out of Kuwait.
2009 R. B. Day & D. Gaido tr. L. Trotsky in vii. 323
At the same time as they are fuelling social excitement, the thousands of voices from the liberal press are also attempting to steer it in narrow channels.
(iii) Used in introducing a reservation, qualification, explanation, or contrasting consideration: as should also be borne in mind; while saying this; nevertheless, however, yet, still.
1679 W. Penn i. sig. Ev
Vice, the Enemy of Religion, is at the same time the Enemy of Humane Society.
1685 J. Flavell 440
Paul the Pharisee was a blameless person touching the Law, and yet at the same time,..utterly ignorant of Christ.
1702 Pref. sig. B3v
But at the same time it ought to be considered that there is a great deal of difference between Liberty and Encouragement.
1782 W. W. Grenville Let. 15 Dec. in Duke of Buckingham
To state to you the difficulties..but at the same time, to say, that they were overbalanced by an absolute necessity.
1825 D. Douglas 1 Jan.
The verdure is scanty in comparison with most tropical climates..although at the same time some of the trees in the valleys are large.
1891 ‘J. S. Winter’ xv. 110
Give them my best wishes. At the same time I must say I do not envy the girl.
1926 W. R. Scott in D. T. Jones et al. i. 8
Naturally it is not possible to isolate the Scottish food position from that of England... At the same time it is interesting to observe [etc.].
1970 25 Aug. a10/4
Avoid hasty action but at the same time remember that last-minute hasty action may well be better than no action at all.
2001 11 Nov. iv. 5/2
They are not Keystone Kops... But at the same time, they are not James Bond-smooth either.
(d) at a time
(i) Simultaneously; on a single occasion; = .
Gyf jt befell yat a man walde ete mony syndry metis yat war laxatyues–at a tyme.
1539 T. Elyot
iv. xiii. f. 87v
Vse them euery thyrde daye one pille at a tyme, thre houres or foure afore dyner or supper.
1607 E. Topsell 139
They [sc. bitches] bring forth many at a time sometime fiue, seuen, nine, or twelue.
1660 R. Ellsworth in
(Friends' Hist. Soc.)
2nd Ser. 122
Heere they..haue their Meeteings at all Seasons..sometymes about 1000 or 1200 att a tyme.
1712 R. Steele No. 422. ⁋1
An utter Aversion to speaking to more than one Man at a time.
1798 T. Jefferson Let. 8 Feb. in
He then tried..to get them sent on by fifties at a time by the stage.
1849 IV. 63
The field mouse breeds twice in the year, producing from six to ten young at a time.
1876 G. O. Trevelyan II. ix. 125
The publishers..are still pouring forth reprints by many thousands at a time.
1936 21 Nov. 362/1
The Skeltonic consists of short verses of two, three or four accents..rhyming in groups of anything from two to five or more lines at a time.
1976 A. J. P. Taylor Let. 5 Mar. in
You can become a temporary member of the London Library,..and then you can take out up to 10 books at a time.
2010 Apr. 20/3
You can receive up to three stations at a time within any 2MHz band segment.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
ii. iii. 306
You, or any man liuing, may be drunke at a time man.
†(e) at time: on credit; (also) on the understanding that the transaction in question will take place at a particular future time, at an agreed or specified price (cf. , ). Obsolete.
1617 R. Hughes Let. 18 Dec. in W. Foster
The rest..we bought since receipt of your Worships' advice, part money (by agreement) the rest at time.
1678 J. Vernon 213
Then must you..make the Man, or Men that sell the Goods to you at Time, credit.
1720 N.H. xvii. 56
When you have bought any Goods at time, and afterwards you agree with the Person which sold you the Goods, to pay you your Money before it be due, with rebating or discount, then you must make the Person Debitor.
1721 N. Bailey
To Frist,..to Sell Goods at Time [1724 (ed. 2) at Time, or upon Trust].
1817 Oct. 160
If they had bought at time, whether in whole or in part, they must provide cash for the due honouring of those bills which are the signs of their purchase.
(f) at one's own good time : at a time of one's choosing; once one is ready; .
a1652 R. Brome Damoiselle i. ii, in
Dry. Ile shortly visit you. Bum. At your own good time Sir.
1836 C. G. F. Gore I. vii. 100
Mrs. Armytage resented or relented at her own good time and pleasure.
1892 E. C. Stedman in Oct. 866
At my own good time, Will I send my answer to you.
1945 12 June 5/4
Can Mr. Shannon state why in heaven or earth he should be free to return to his university at his own good time?
1997 21 May a8
They should be allowed to overcome this fear at their own good time.
(a) before his (also her, etc.) time : prematurely.
1545 T. Paynell tr. St. Bernard xxii. f. lxxxiv
Luxuriousnesse..causeth man to seme olde and aged before his tyme [L. Luxuria carnem..fractam..celeriter ducit ad senectutem].
1547 A. Borde i. f. ix
Abhorsion..is when a woman is delyvered of her chylde before her tyme.
1635 J. Hayward tr. G. F. Biondi 220
The good are called before their time, for ridding them out of the hands of the wicked.
1700 J. Dryden tr. G. Boccaccio Sigismonda & Guiscardo in 124
In the Prime Of Youth, her Lord expir'd before his time.
1762 Ld. Kames I. 389
The rate of succession may be retarded by insisting upon one object, and propelled by dismissing another before its time.
1832 E. Bulwer-Lytton I. i. vi. 99
We grow old before our time.
1890 31 May 799/3
The Banksia roses..are bent on coming out before their time.
1916 M. Gyte 29 Dec.
The cow that calved before its time has not cleansed.
1980 F. Buechner 58
Is the past a sea old men can founder in before their time and drown?
2005 A. Smith 186
The cleaning girl..who looked poor, who looked old before her time.
(b) not before time: not soon enough, almost too late; frequently used to suggest that something is long overdue.
1837 7 Oct. 632/2
[He] escaped a third time from the hands of his jailers; and not before time, for they had already begun to give him a drug.
1917 ‘J. E. Buckrose’ xix. 237
‘I'm just going, Miss Walker,’ said Unwin... ‘Oh!’ said Miss Walker, but her tone implied, ‘Not before time.’
1955 ‘N. Shute’ v. 144
She got her clothes brush from her quarters and gave him a grooming with it, not before time.
1972 16 July 13/6
It all points to a wind of change blowing in the direction of the Ordinary shares..: and not before time either.
2004 31 Mar. 125/4
Not before time, some of London's largest nightspots are set to transform their appearance and appeal.
f. (a) behind the time
(i) Late (for an appointment, etc.); behindhand (also behind one's time ). Now rare. wise behind the time: (Scottish) wise after the event.
a1658 J. Durham
Christ..is never behind His time, He cannot mistryst a believer.
Your Majesty confessed that I had shewn you the verity, but the said confession was ay behind the time, with over late Repentance.
1717 R. Wodrow
The proverb of being wise behind the time.
1773 6 Dec.
He rested here but two hours, having strained himself, and being behind his time.
1847 G. W. M. Reynolds
Have you tarried long, Mr. Arnold? I find I'm a trifle behind the time.
1849 Apr. 176
There were many of the politicians of earth prophetically wise behind the time, ready to tell us that those fears were groundless.
1876 G. Meredith II. iv. 56
The ‘three days’ granted him by Renée were over, and it scarcely troubled him that he should be behind the time.
1920 Aug. 66/1
Billy..was purposely ten minutes behind the time, but to his disgust found the procession not yet started.
1833 Dec. 686
The work is behind the time. By abbreviations and signs that could be recognised at first sight, it would be possible to express what is expressed in half the space.
1846 C. Dickens
I'm old-fashioned, and behind the time.
1921 Feb. 8/2
Anybody in business who allows his affairs to reach the labor strike stage..is—behind the time.
1991 V. Henley xxxiv. 347
You are behind the time. We have a new Pope in Rome.
This work..is two years behind the time. It is an artifact of an era of blind faith in technology.
(b) behind the times: lacking an awareness of current (esp. the most recent) ideas, methods, etc.; out of date (sometimes preceded by an expression of length of time, indicating the extent to which this is the case).
1826 J. M. Good III. 85
I may, perhaps,..be told that I am at least half a century behind the times.
1886 20 Nov. 547/3
The Turquie, a daily paper, written in French, of some official inspiration, but very behind the times.
1921 E. O'Neill Diff'rent ii, in 244
You needn't think we're all so behind the times..here just because you've been to France and all over.
1982 Dec. 6/3
I feel that this study is about ten years behind the times.
2008 18 Apr. 17/3
If your website doesn't let your audience contribute then you're way behind the times.
1839 17 June 225
I do not know when I heard it—it was in between times, but I cannot recollect when it was.
1887 E. Custer vi. 195
Our devoted surgeon..was untiring in his patience in coming when I sent for him in-between-times.
1902 E. Banks 159
She served me faithfully till the very last, packing her humble belongings in between times.
1966 N. Gordimer 14
He's allowed out only twice a month, on Sundays, and the school discourages visits from parents in between times.
2002 C. M. Byron viii. 115
She'd been married three times, and in between times had been romantically linked with a range of celebs.
(a) by the time (that) —— : when the time of the specified event or circumstance has arrived.
?1509–10 sig. a.iv
By the tyme that I came to the mount of caluary the wycked Iewes had done my sone vpon the crosse.
1531 T. Elyot sig. F
By the time that the childe do com to .xvij. yeres of age..hit were nedefull to rede vnto hym some warkes of philosophie.
1553 J. Brende tr. Q. Curtius Rufus iii. f. 26
By the time he had made these exhortacions they were come within throwe of their dartes.
1656 Ld. Orrery V. iv. 246
By the time we came to mingle, we out-winged their Left Flank.
1756 M. Calderwood
By the time we arrived, my head was like to split with perfect fear.
1805 T. Holcroft III. ii. 15
How sophisticated is the brain of man by the time that he becomes an adult!
1873 M. E. Braddon ii. iii. 178
There are the men who go off their nuts by the time they're worth a million or so.
1933 P. Godfrey vi. 82
By the time that the principals are rehearsing regularly again the company are working without their books.
2008 28 Feb. 16/5
By the time a snake handler from a nearby zoo arrived, the dog had been all but swallowed.
†(b) Scottish. by a time: at times, occasionally. Obsolete.
1721 J. Kelly 26
A Horse with four Feet may snapper, by a time.
1822 C. Lamb in Aug. 155/1
Aye, aye, goodwife,..the wisest and most devout can remember by a time the joys of their youth.
1888 G. Sproat 107
A man's nocht the waur bein' fou by a time.
(a) for the time (formerly also †for time): = . Now rare.
St. Bernard l. 325 in C. Horstmann
A slepyng mon to men is tolde As good as ded for þe tyme.
1415 in R. W. Chambers & M. Daunt
Wee the forseid Water & William, beyng vewers for the tyme of the seid Cite.
Parl. Apr. 1463 §27. m. 10
Any persone or persones for tyme dwellyng..within the same chapell.
B. Burgh Distichs of Cato
l. 443 in
115 314 (MED)
Thouh wikkydnesse for tyme [1476 Caxton for the tyme] be kept secre, Yitt att the laste will it discurid be.
1547 Bp. S. Gardiner 30 Aug.
I kepe my wont to write to your Grace now, in whose hands I know the estate of the realm to be fortime in government.
1580 T. Cooper sig. B.iv
Immediately after Supper, they through timerousnes fled from Christ, & for the time forsoke him.
1627 P. Hay 127
The French King..having received some Appellations and Complayntes from those of Guyen, beeing for the tyme Subjects to the King of England.
The Major Part of the Council General or Court of Directors in being for the Time, shall always be a Quorum.
1753 S. Richardson VI. xxxii. 216
These ideal vagaries, which, for the time, realize pain or pleasure to us.
1788 T. Jefferson
The consul's presence in his port should suspend, for the time, the functions of the vice-consul.
1891 3 Jan. 20/1
For the time the question must be considered shelved, but the change must soon come.
1965 P. Hunt 38
If it were allowed, one would say he was trying to get at the soul of the immediate apple. They are, for the time, wholly his apples.
(b) for all time
(i) In perpetuity; for eternity; for ever.
Prol. Old Test.
Ofte suche noumbris ben sett for al tyme, as this that Dauith seith, [etc.].
1653 J. Rogers ii. vii. 457
There may be such a Covenant..with this Caution, that it be allowed only as a thing prudentiall, for a time..and not as a thing necessary for all time, or as without alteration or cessation.
1805 5 Jan.
A temple of art. Not for a day but for all time.
1871 N. P. Langford in 28 Jan.
This new field of Wonders [sc. the Yellowstone Park] should be at once..set apart as a public National Park for the enjoyment of the American people for all time.
1966 H. Davies
Their faith is fixed for all time, and any scientific discoveries which may conflict with their creed are treated as passing aberrations.
2007 J. E. Vincent i. 26
Apparently poems are best preserved for all time in anthologies, where they..represent an author or a period in an author's life.
(ii) for all time coming (also to come, future) and variants: for an indefinite, continuous period from this time on; henceforth. from now on.
1616 H. Ainsworth sig. Z
To day, is for the time present, Psal. 95. 7. and to morrow for al time to come, Gen. 30 33.
1681 sig. A6v
At Linton in Tweddal..a weekly market every wednesday for all time coming.
1772 Feb. 105
It is utterly absurd to establish a permanent board for all time future, for the occasional purpose of settling an arrear incurred in time past.
1838 Aug. 559
The fashion of the day and for all time coming we hope, is to study what is the speediest and most economical rate by which to circulate..the merchandise of the land.
1877 H. V. Poor 8
Acquisitions could be treasured up, and made to bear fruit for all coming time.
1889 29 Aug. 1/6
To those who lost or imperilled their lives in the great struggle.., the world, for all time to come, owes a debt of gratitude.
1965 2 Jan. 16/1
The abolition of slavery by constitutional provision settles the fate, for all coming time, not only of the millions now in bondage, but of unborn millions to come.
1997 12 June 10/2
I had myself for all time to come dammed and copper-lined the turbulent bank-caving river of my life.
(c) for time
(i) On credit. Cf. , . Obsolete.
1572 T. Wilson f. 122
If merchaunts would deale plainely, and simply gayne without seking further aduauntage, and sellyng for tyme as they could presently.
1590 W. Burton sig. Gv
He is in money, in wares, in buying and selling for readie money, for time.
1623 W. Painter sig. C6v
Buy not for time those wares that are too deare.
1676 G. Carew 16
Severall Goods of the Company were sold for time in the moneth of December 1636.
1707 S. Clement 82
He that buys Goods for Time, must consequently pay the dearer for them.
1765 T. Dilworth Synopsis Merchants Accompts 3, in sig. U
Case 29. When I buy Goods for present Mony... Case 30. When I buy Goods for Time, i.e. on Trust.
(ii) Stock Market. Of a bargain, etc.: on the understanding that the goods or stocks in question will be sold or purchased at a particular future time. Frequently in bargain for time (cf. ). Similarly for new time (with reference to bargains of this kind made near the close of an accounting period, which by agreement do not have to be settled until the next period; cf. ).
1721 E. Budgell 27
Gentlemen were forced to draw upon their Bankers, to pay the excessive Differences of their Bargains for Time.
1732 True & Faithful Narr. in J. Swift III. ii. 271
There were many who call'd themselves Christians, who offer'd to buy for time.
1776 J. O. Justamond tr. G. T. F. Raynal I. ii. 205
To declare all bargains of sale for time null and void, unless it appears..that the seller was a proprietor at the time the bargain was made.
The commissions..to brokers to buy and sell stocks for time.
1849 J. Francis 187
As a dealer in the funds for time he was well known.
1902 W. D. Callaway ii. 7
Those [bargains] up to one o'clock on the first Contango day being for the settlement then entered upon, those subsequent to that hour being for the next account, or, as more commonly stated, ‘for new time’.
1955 P. Sraffa in D. Ricardo X. 69
Bargains were made both for cash and for time... Transactions for time were by far the most important.
1984 4 Aug. 23/2
Some investors were buying for new time yesterday on talk of a bid before the end of the account.
j. from time to (formerly †unto) time
(a) At intervals; now and again, occasionally.In quot. , †at stated times, at definite intervals (obsolete).
1423 in H. Nicolas
III. 88 (MED)
Ye desire to be acertained fro tyme to tyme of oure prosperite and welfare.
Ezek. iv. 11
Fro tyme vn to tyme [L.V. fro tyme til to tyme; L. a tempore usque ad tempus] thou shalt drynke it.
in C. Monro
To write forth unto us and certiffie us, from tyme to tyme, of all suche tidings as that ye shall have.
1524 T. Wolsey in
[They] may and shal do grete stede in advertising the Kinges Grace from tyme to tyme..of the procedinges.
a1582 W. Bourne
You may send letters, and receiue letters of your friends from time vnto time.
Their forces, as well as ours, were from time to time paide.
1718 J. Quincy 362/1
Let them stand a week or two, stirring the ingredients from time to time.
1790 H. L. Piozzi Diary 18 Mar. in
II. ii. 762
The Lady seems Lovesome, & I fancy lends him money from Time to Time.
1809 R. Adam III. 162
The Reformed Presbytery, from time to time, received small accessions to the number of both their ministers and people.
1891 18 July 136/1
The passage..was used only from time to time, and not continuously.
1902 M. Cholmondeley 33
She hid her convulsed face in her hands, and shuddered violently from time to time.
1959 A. Beaumont iii. 37
This unusual type of disease is seen from time to time on wheat and on grasses.
2009 6 Oct. 6/8
All he did was sigh sadly from time to time.
†(b) At all times; continuously, or for an extended period; in an unbroken succession. Obsolete.
a1500 tr. A. Chartier
His correccions noyeth you as sone as ye fele any touche of them, and yet He suffrith from tyme to tyme or He punyce your defaultis.
1553 T. Wilson 14
Heaven is theirs, saieth David, that doe justly from tyme to tyme.
1586 T. Bowes tr. P. de la Primaudaye I. 550
Therefore nothing was more esteemed from time to time among the auncients, than the institution of youth, which Plato calleth Discipline.
1615 E. Grimeston tr. P. d'Avity 1195
It was held for certain that the institution comes from the Apostles, who ordained seuen Deacons, the which haue continued from time to time.
a1679 M. Poole
I. sig. 5D2/2
I will therefore wait on God,..and will continue waiting from time to time, until my change come.
k. (a) in time
†(i) At a suitable time; seasonably, in season. Sometimes opposed to out of time (see ). Obsolete.
[lOE i. 3
Quod fructum suum dabit in tempore suo et folium eius non decidet : þet his wæstm uel blæd sceal giuan on his timan & his læf ne sceal tofallan.]
Men seið ðe treen..Waxen in time and brimen.
Psalms ciii. 27
Alle thingus of thee abijden, that thou ȝiue to them mete in tyme [L. in tempore].
B. ix. l. 184
Whan ȝe haue wyued, bewar and worcheth in tyme; Nouȝt as Adam & Eue whan caym was engendred.
c1425 J. Lydgate
ii. l. 1240 (MED)
For in differryng is ofte gret damage, To werke in tyme is double avauntage.
c1440 S. Scrope tr. C. de Pisan
(St. John's Cambr.)
Haunte thou the temple and wurschip in tyme The goddes of heuene.
1567 T. Drant tr. Horace Pistles in tr. Horace sig. Ev
I that in time, and out of time Karoust it without measure.
1583 P. Stubbes sig. L2v
The worde of God is to be preached night and day, in time, and out of time, in season, and out of season.
1696 L. Meriton xxix. 21
Things done in time or out of time all's one, Or if not done at all, she [sc. money] can Attone.
(ii) Soon or early enough, not too late. Frequently with for or infinitive.
Ealle þas ungesælða us gelumpon þuruh unrædas þæt man nolde him a timan gafol beodon oþþe wið gefeohtan.]
But þat hors be holpe in tyme, þat mangew wol turne in-to a foule schabbe.
?1463 R. Cutler in
For cause ȝe were so laches and cam not in tyme þe mater ȝede a-mys.
1553 J. Brende tr. Q. Curtius Rufus x. f. 221v
Perdicas, whose ambicious mynde desirous of innouation, was (he sayde) to be preuented in time.
1572 in J. G. Dalyell
The prouerb is, of palice, kirk, and brig, Better in tyme to beit, nor efter to big.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
ii. iii. 5
Come in time, haue Napkins enow about you.
1671 J. Milton iii. 397
And just in time thou com'st to have a view Of his great power; for now
1738 tr. G. Plantavit de la Pause 78
Knowing..that he would still be in time for the campaign in Flanders, if Marshal Luxembourg..should make any enterprize this year.
1765 W. Gordon II. 4
Whoever buys goods on time..must force a sale abroad, that he may have returns in time to answer it.
1787 A. Young Jrnl. 28 June in
We return in time to dress for dinner, at half after twelve or one.
Letters put into any of the Receiving Houses before twelve o'clock will be in time for the early mails.
1886 7 May 422/2
If we can vaccinate in time, we may abort an attack of small-pox which would otherwise occur.
1912 Jan. 44
Mansel soon returned..in time to assume the custody of the seal in September 1238.
1986 R. B. Morrison & C. R. Wilson vi. 113
They headed back north in time for caribou hunting season.
2002 M. Thebo ix. 126
Peter starts to spit and catches himself in time.
(iii) In the course of time; sooner or later.
a1500 tr. Thomas à Kempis
Consolacion shal come to þe in tyme [L. in tempore suo].
Lest some cavillacion might in time arise about this matter.
1594 xlvii. f. 43
I thinke in tyme she may be wonne.
1612 B. Jonson i. iii. sig. C3v
This fellow, Captayne, Will come, in time, to be a great Distiller.
1656 Earl of Monmouth tr. T. Boccalini i. xxiii. 37
Potent men..would certainly in time work their revenge.
1728 J. Gay ii. iv. 23
Strong waters will in time ruin your Constitution.
1786 R. Cumberland II. xxxix. 96
[They] were so constantly employed in repeating Homer's poems preferably to all others, that in time they were universally called Homerists.
1818 W. Scott Heart of Mid-Lothian iv, in 2nd Ser. II. 85
The inner turnkey's office to begin wi', and the captainship in time.
1859 Feb. 332/2
Rosario..will probably in time become the great emporium of the eleven provinces west of the Prana.
1885 W. S. Gilbert ii. 43
He would have loved me in time. I am an acquired taste.
1927 B. Russell iii. 44
Perhaps in time the State will perform these experiments with the children of political prisoners.
1989 G. Daly vi. 301
A wise old satyr..assures her that she will in time forget her pain.
2004 Nov. 120/2
Although they [sc. stretch marks] never completely disappear, they will fade in time.
(iv) In the correct rhythm or metre; rhythmically; so as to synchronize to (also with with).
a1626 L. Andrewes
That Religion is Christian Religion: None sings this Hymne in time, in true note, but it; all other are out.
1654 E. Gayton iv. v. 199
Their great Teachers of the City Sweare, that in time they'l sing the dity.
1732 H. Baker & J. Miller tr. Molière Conceited Ladies xii. 77 in III
Play in time, Fidlers, in time.—O what ignorant Wretches! there's no dancing with 'em.
1735 K. Tomlinson xii. 137
It matters not whether it breaks off upon the End of the first Strain of the Tune, the second, or in the Middle of either of them, provided it be in Time to the Music.
1819 W. Scott II. iii. 45
Balancing his expanded palms, he gently flourished them in time to the music.
1841 G. Catlin I. viii. 55
[He] commenced singing in time with the taps of the drum.
1893 R. L. Stevenson i. 4
A..brisk tramp of feet in time and clash of steel.
1947 ‘A. P. Gaskell’ 95
Their hands fluttered delicately, moving easily and clapping exactly in time.
1976 15 Oct. 17/4
I saw him patting his hand on his knee in time to the music along with everyone else.
2000 Autumn 29/1
Arm over arm they sang in time with the song of the trawlermen of Holleme Bay.
(v) U.S. regional (chiefly New England). Used to intensify an interrogative word or phrase, as what (why, etc.) in time? : what (etc.) in the world?, what (etc.) on earth? Cf. .Possibly a euphemism: cf. .
1844 C. Bailey i. 4
David Marston, what in time are you about? Why do n't you answer me?
1849 J. T. Fields Let. 28 Feb. in R. W. Griswold
Why in Time don't you come our way and see the boys?
1938 Feb. 48/1
How in time did you know it was Jalmer an' not Treat?
a1969 ‘D. Langley’
Why in time don't you put some wood on that there fire?
(b) in good time
(i) At the right moment; at a fortunate or opportune moment; luckily. Obsolete.
Þat was mold þe gode quene þat in gode time was ybore.
c1390 in F. J. Furnivall
ii. 543 (MED)
In good tyme he was boren, I-wis, Þat preisable is and not preised is.
c1503 R. Arnold f. lviv/2
Blessed bee thoos pepul and yn good tyme borne that ressayveth thes graces & wel kepith them.
?1569 T. Underdowne tr. Heliodorus x. f. 142
Hidaspes..takinge him by the right hande, saide: My Sonne you come in good time.
1592 A. Day 2nd Pt. Eng. Secretorie sig. K2, in
If it please you then to returne by him those parcels.., they will now come in very good time.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
ii. ii. 65
Learne to iest in good time, there's a time for all things.
1639 S. Du Verger tr. J.-P. Camus 7
This came in good time to keepe this poore family from necessity.
(ii) Soon, early; promptly; quickly, expeditiously. In early use also †in hasty time.
a1440 Let. in
55 643 (MED)
The whiche mees for defaute of reparacion is full ruynus..in ffull short tyme but iff hit be repareld & amendud in hasty tyme.
II. l. 9985
Forth on his message he gan to gon, And dyde his message al in good tyme.
Nightingale in O. Glauning
But, doun descendyng, she sayde in hasti tyme: ‘My lyfe be kynde endure shall not longe’.
1567 W. Painter II. xxv. sig. PPy.ii
Pietro..made therin such expedition, as he arriued in good tyme to Verona, taking order for all thinges that were commaunded him.
1585 T. Washington tr. N. de Nicolay ii. xxii. 60
[They] come home againe in good time without the knowledge..of their husbands.
1694 W. Penn 281
The day following we took our journey for London, came there in good time that Evening.
1710 W. Nicolson 8 Dec.
To London, 28 miles, in good time..supper over at my brother's.
1756 W. Toldervy III. 12
Our company reassumed their march; and..arrived in good time.
1806 W. Cruise VI. 257
So that my executrix shall pay in good time all lawful debts.
1872 19 Oct. 158/1
My aunt wants to be back in good time.
1928 D. H. Lawrence xvi. 286
Hilda arrived in good time on Thursday morning, in a nimble two-seater car.
1966 U. Schwarz & L. Hadik 130
To prevent the enemy from making gains..he might make without resorting to war if not forcibly opposed in good time.
2000 A. Sayle 31
Indicating left and sliding gently into the inside lane in good time Alice turned her little red car..off the hurtling traffic of the southbound M1 motorway.
(iii) Used as an interjection or rhetorical question, expressing surprise or implicitly requesting confirmation of what has just been said: really?, indeed? In later use more commonly used ironically to express scepticism, disbelief, or ridicule: to be sure!, indeed!, forsooth! Obsolete.
a1470 T. Malory
(Winch. Coll. 13)
‘His name ys sir Urre of the Mounte.’ ‘In good tyme’, seyde the kynge.
1529 T. More v. f. xiv/2
Nay syr sayd he..I rehersyd you what I haue hard som other saye. In good tyme q[uod] I.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
ii. i. 100
Sowing the kernels of it [sc. an island]..bring forth more Islands... Why in good time.
1650 T. Fuller ii. vi. 149
There..even at this day, are shewed the ruines of those three tabernacles built according to Peters desire. In very good time no doubt.
1665 R. Howard Committee ii, in 87
Abel. When the weather is not good, we hold a fast. Arb. And then it alters. Abel. Assuredly. Arb. In good time.
1789 H. L. Piozzi II. 50
Bonducci..calls him emulous of Milton, in good time!
1819 H. L. Piozzi Let. June in
[He] begs my good Wishes now he is grown a Man—in good Time!
(iv) When the proper or appropriate time has arrived; after the lapse of a suitable period of time; in due course. Frequently in all in good time.
1602 W. Burton iv. 47
We are comming: all in good time: the Sermon is not begunne yet.
1621 T. W. tr. S. Goulart vi. 43
The wise old man..thanketh the Ancient of dayes, who in good time will crowne him with the gifts of a better life in his celestiall Palace.
1698 T. Gipps ii. 26
They who would excuse the Jews for Corrupting the Seventy only, and not the Hebrew, in good time will defend the Corrupting the English Version only, and not the Original Greek.
1730 J. Wesley 12 Dec.
He will in His good time ‘quell the raging of this sea’.
1749 J. Cleland II. 235
For respects I should in good time acquaint him with.
a1816 R. B. Sheridan School for Scandal
iv. i, in
I shall be rich and splenetic, all in good time.
1883 J. Gilmour xvii. 206
Every true-hearted follower shall, in good time, arrive at the desired goal.
1931 A. Christie vi. 51
‘All in good time,’ said Narracott to himself. ‘Now isn't the moment to rub him up the wrong way.’
1986 E. W. Whittaker v. 193
No doubt, in good time, other Hawaiis will emerge to join those already created.
2004 J. Winspear
Clearly there were some things that needed to be changed, but all in good time.
†(c) in times: on various occasions; = . Obsolete. in times ——, in times —— : at one time ——, at another ——; sometimes (one thing), sometimes (another).
J. Yonge tr.
He that is a gouernoure in tymes he shall Spare, and in tymes vengeaunse take.
1612 (Canterbury Cathedral Archives: CCA-U13/5)
Payd vnto Thomas Williames in times in consederation of a challing of sartayn tythe wood.
1615 P. Gordon xvii. sig. Qii
And thither oft in tyms he did resort To thrall me chaste desire vnto his will.
(d) in one's (also its) own good time : at one's own pace, at a pace or time that cannot be affected by outside influence; unhurriedly; .In early use with reference to a time preordained by God.
1607 W. Cowper
The Lord shewes thee his mercifull face, being assured, that he who hath giuen thee an earnest pennie, will in his owne good time, giue thee the principall summe.
1639 W. Laud 388
The Blessed Meeting of Truth and Peace in his Church,..which God, in his own good time, will (I hope) effect.
1722 S. Grainger 5
God in his own good time will either Remove, or mitigate the punishment.
1773 R. Graves I. ii. x. 89
He did not doubt but God would bring every thing about in his own good time.
1843 C. Dickens
He..felt that the means of escape might possibly present themselves in their own good time, but that to anticipate them was hopeless.
1879 H. James I. iv. 71
Miss Vivian, in her own good time, would doubtless mention to Gordon the little incident of Siena.
1938 17 321
The English-speaking North Americans are old-fashioned enough and naïve enough to be going to fight for democracy in their own good time.
1992 27 Mar. 19/5
The advent of high speed still photography..permitted human beings..to examine complicated temporal phenomena not in real time, but in their own good time—in leisurely, methodical backtracking analysis.
2004 S. Hall 330
Everything about her manner informed him that she would go in her own good time and not a moment before.
(a) on a time: on one occasion, once; = . Now archaic and literary.
Constantin ant Maxence weren on ane time [c1225 Bodl. on a time] as in keiseres stude hehest irome.
l. 31 (MED)
A tale i wole ȝou telle Off an eorl..Gy of Warwyk was his name, Hou on a time he stod in þouht.
On a time, as i entrid in him [sc. Christ] with myn eȝen opened, me thouȝte þat myn yȝen were filled ful of his blod.
a1470 T. Malory
(Winch. Coll. 13)
So hit befelle on a tyme whan kyng Arthure was at London.
1542 N. Udall tr. Erasmus f. 127
On a tyme Diogenes made al his dyner with Oliues onely.
1596 E. Spenser iv. ii. sig. B4v
On a time as they together way'd, He made him open chalenge, and thus boldly sayd.
1657 N. Billingsley xxv. 86
He on a time (at his own Table sate) Boasted his diligence t'eradicate Heret'cal weeds.
1720 A. Pennecuik
The Trees went forth on a Time to anoint a King over them.
1766 H. Brooke I. ii. 58
In that river, on a time, there lived three silver trouts.
1819 23 Aug. 3/3
The astonished Supernals who are celebrated as having been on a time hurled from the mansions of bliss.
1832 J. F. Cooper II. x. 132
These monks are close calculators, and on a time are said to have outwitted Lucifer.
1932 T. E. Lawrence tr. Homer xvii
On a time the young fellows used to take him out to course the wild goats, the deer, the hares.
1984 S. Brust vii. 112
It hath been said that thou and she were..close, on a time.
(b) on time
(i) On credit. Now chiefly North American.In early use sometimes spec. with reference to agreements to buy or sell goods at a particular future time, at an agreed or specified price; cf. .
1628 R. Hayman i. 2
(title of poem)
Borrowing on Time, is worse then Bird-lime. As Fowlers vse to take their Fowle with Lime: So Vsurers take borrowing Fooles with Time.
1765 W. Gordon II. 4
Whoever buys goods on time, must lay his account to purchase dearer than the common interest of a ready-money price; and, to preserve his credit, must force a sale abroad, that he may have returns in time to answer it.
1806 1st Ser. 7 1246
India Bonds, Bills of Exchange, and goods bought on time.
1837 2 Feb. 2/3
Go in to Wall street. Hire the corner of an office... Buy and sell stocks on time.
1858 H. Fuller 226
He..stocks his new store with $100,000 of merchandise bought ‘on time’.
1925 10 Oct. 133/1
It's like peddling lots on time, instead of selling and developing acreage.
1972 J. M. Minifie vi. 44
Everything was bought ‘on time’, hardly any transactions involved cash.
2010 J. McGarry 148
He bought it on time, paying a quarter now and thrice more over a five-week interval.
(1) originally U.S. colloquial. Not later than the specified or required time; punctually, promptly; in time (see ). Also in predicative use: punctual, prompt.
1854 6 Dec. 8/4
The trains..kept the track clear [of snow], by which means they ran regularly, and arrived on time.
1865 O. C. Dickerson i. i. 9
The cars for once were exactly on time.
1878 H. B. Stowe xxiii. 209
His wife had always been on time, and on duty.
1890 ‘R. Boldrewood’ III. xliii. 276
Anxiety about being ‘on time’ for the mid-day stage.
1904 5 Feb. 3/4
An Americanism here and there out of place (as..when the native dwarf, Cerberus..speaks of his mistress as being ‘on time’ in her return from a trance).
1936 12 Mar. 10/5
[She] paid her interest regularly on time.
1995 M. Kesavan 187
According to the station clock it was only half-past five, and assuming the train was on time, I still had half an hour.
2006 A. Robbins vi. 148
The staff would work at school late into the night to make sure the paper got out on time.
(2) Used attributively (usually in hyphenated form): not late; punctual, prompt.
1891 Nov. 38
The..clock on the mantel struck the noon hour, and a little mongrel dog, with an on-time expression on his sharp black nose,..scratched..at the door.
1901 July 18/2
You will maintain a high grade of freight and passenger service, and your ‘on time’ trains will be the envy of your neighbor.
1908 June 518/2
Our knowledge of the capabilities of the Great Western Railway locomotives caused us to hope for an ‘on time’ completion of the voyage.
1967 R. J. Serling
As my airline friends would say, I prefer on-time departures.
2005 L. H. Kaufman ix. 274
A United Parcel Service trailer or container..could be tracked through the system and its handling could be expedited so that on-time delivery was virtually certain.
(iii) With reference to wages: according to the amount of time worked. Opposed to . Now rare.
1847 Apr. 538
The plaintiff's men worked by the piece only, and not by a contract on time.
1867 5 Jan. 45/1
They never work for settled wages, ‘on time’, as other workers do, but invariably work by the piece.
1900 20 Oct. 166/1
Girls who ‘loafed’ could not expect to keep their places, even if they did work ‘by the piece’ instead of ‘on time’.
1962 L. Stein v. 58
As a worker ‘on time’ rather than ‘by the piece’, punching out on the time clock had become a most meaningful ritual of her daily routine.
(a) out of one's time : in an era unsympathetic to or out of keeping with one's attitudes, aspirations, etc.; at the wrong time. Cf. .
1803 W. Duane 152
Who can say that he was not intended for that age, and that the fall of Jerusalem was not owing to the unhappy accident of his being born out of his time, and in the wrong country!
1883 77 149
[He] was a man who lived out of his time... He ought by rights to have been a buccaneer, two hundred years ago.
1884 Nov. 806
Peter [the Great] was no wonder; not a man out of his time.
1950 ‘D. Divine’ xvi. 125
Kellie was born out of his time. Last piece of history he could have flourished in was the Alaska rushes.
1973 ‘R. Lewis’ vi. 130
‘Major Cornelius Van Rijk.’ He laughed shortly. ‘A man out of his time.’
1999 E. Jorgensen & H. Jorgensen xii. 80
Triggs's lecture notes..sound as if they had been written in the 1990s. He was a man perhaps 100 years out of his time.
(b) colloquial (originally Boxing). to knock (formerly also hit, etc.) out of time := . Now rare.
1821 26 Jan.
Goddard was hit out of time, and lost the fight.
1831 13 Feb.
Though Tom only considers himself a bantam of 9½ stone, he flatters himself he can knock Taylor out of time.
1860 17 Apr. 4/4
The battle was concluded by his being hit out of time by a blow on the serenader.
1874 A. Trollope II. xxviii. 228
You'll come all right after a few weeks. You've been knocked out of time;—that's the truth of it.
1912 J. Galsworthy 81
Saving people from being knocked out of time by old age, and accidents like illness, and the fluctuations of trade.
1922 M. Pedler iv. 47
My head's clearing... I was only knocked out of time for a minute.
1950 E. Wingfield-Stratford i. xi. 47
The crack Cavalier squadrons had been knocked out of time; they would not fight again that day.
To knock out of time, to settle one's hash for him, double him up.
n. over time
(a) Beyond a stipulated or agreed time limit; so as to exceed the time allotted. Cf. , .
1841 17 Apr. 308/1
She would have perfomed her voyage in 9 or 10 days, and could not under any circumstances have been more than a day or two over time.
We have not the means of knowing at a glance when books have been kept out overtime.
1911 E. T. Seton in
(Boy Scouts of Amer.)
The Man-Hunt... If he gets through, but is over time, it is a draw.
1973 9 Aug. 2/2
The result was to run matters badly over time for the first time at the summit.
2004 M. Lanegan in K. St. Thomas & T. Smith vii. 49
The ten local bands who opened had gone over time.
(b) In the course of time, as time passes; incrementally or by degrees during a period of time.
1883 G. W. Hackwood vii. 35
Industry demands steadiness of application, and not work by fits and starts—that is, well regulated and well apportioned over time: it is uniform.
1943 25 67
A rational maximizer would act so as to reduce interest only gradually over time.
1973 1 Nov. 258/3
Like the Foot-Steel proposals, these would be introduced over time.
2009 26 Oct. 75/2
Players developed characters over time, accumulating skills, equipment, and treasure.
o. to time
(a) For all time, forever. Also (in later use only) to all time. Now rare.
MS Trin. Cambr. in R. Morris
2nd Ser. 183
For þine gulte ishal nu to pine, rotie mote þu to time.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
v. iii. 128
I..that brought you forth this boy, To keepe your name liuing to time .
1616 B. Jonson Every Man out of his Humor
Ded., in I. 81
I vnderstand you, Gentlemen, not your houses: and a worthy succession of you, to all time, as being borne the Iudges of these studies.
1645 G. Wharton sig. D3
The Valour I have shewne in this, was Crime, And Gages Death will brand me to all Time.
1796 R. Cumberland ii. 26
Die when you may, your memory will be honor'd to all time.
1882 Mrs. Hills II. v. 92
You may fool me to all time, but you cannot change the natural skin, my dear.
1910 V. 643/1
Some places in North Wales..seem..to have associated with them to all time the glamour of the Mabinogion.
(b) So as to comply with a time limit, deadline, or other time constraint.
1848 1 83/2
The master was a coarse, uneducated man, who, provided that the work was done to time, cared for little besides.
1873 26 Apr. 476/1
To it all his faculties were devoted, exempt from the pressure of writing to time and to order.
1913 E. B. Tweedie xix. 341
With the punctuality of kings Their Royal Highnesses arrived at the exact moment, and everything was done to time.
1992 July 32
Students learn and practice a wide variety of skills including..using talkback, autocue, talking to time, [etc.].
2010 R. Watson-Davis
A cardinal revision need is for students to practise writing to time.
p. colloquial. up to time: on time; punctual. Cf. earlier . Now rare.
1835 II. v. i. 54
Thee goes tick—tick—tick—tick—tick—and is never up to time!
1837 Mar. 296/2
Dr. Finucane proposed Carrigaholt, as the rendezvous..and Tuesday evening at six as the time... So, pray, be up to time.
1850 25 Nov. 1/1
Mr. Jenkins was..a very punctual man. He was not only up to time in every thing; but, usually, a little in advance of time.
1930 Mar. 8/1
I'll be glad when five o'clock comes, Guido! Do you think your pal will be up to time?
1945 ‘D. Yates’ i. 21
‘Up to time, as usual,’ he murmured. ‘Or did you say three o'clock?’
q. with time: with the passage of time, in the course of time; in time (see ).
?1531 R. Whitford tr. iii. lii. f. cxxiii
One howre shall come whan all thy laboure and trowbles shall cease & truely that howre wyll shortly come for all is short that passyth with tyme [L. cum tempore].
1562 J. Shute tr. A. Cambini in i. f. 23
It semed that if he mought haue contynued, he wolde with time haue greatly preuailed.
1602 J. Colville sig. aa
Theise Saxons send into England a gret pouer vhilk vith tyme did expell the most part of the said Britons.
1650 Earl of Monmouth tr. J. F. Senault 272
Ambition increasing with time.
1738 H. Brooke tr. T. Tasso i. 43
But as his Years encrease, his Fires asswage Allay with Time, and mitigate with Age.
1787 W. Nisbet i. 200
With time they [sc. symptoms] generally go off.
1809 W. Irving I. i. iii. 28
Intimacy improves with time.
1875 M. Arnold p. xxviii
Christianity's admixture of popular legend and illusion was sure to be cleared away with time.
1904 157 248
The skin resistance of copper bonds increases with time.
1970 E. Kübler-Ross
Denial..allows the patient to recollect himself and, with time, mobilize other, less radical defenses.
2005 G. Critser iii. 172
The liver..is the only organ that can, with time, regenerate itself.
r. ahead of one's time: see . without time: see .
With a verb.
a. (the) time was (also has been, etc.)
: there was a time; frequently with the implication that the specified circumstance no longer obtains. Similarly (the) time will (or shall) be
2 Tim. iv. 3
Forsoth tyme schal be [L. erit enim tempus], whanne men schulen not susteyne, or suffre, hool..teching, but at her desyris thei schulen [etc.].
a1470 T. Malory
(Winch. Coll. 13)
For tyme hath bene, my lorde Arthur, that [y]e were gretly pleased with me whan I ded batayle for my lady, youre quene.
1509 A. Barclay
The tyme hath ben, nat longe before our dayes Whan [etc.].
1549 M. Coverdale et al. tr. Erasmus II. Gal. v. f. xviii
The tyme was, when it was nedefull.
1584 W. Warner xlix. sig. T
The time was, yea (vngratious Cast-away) the time was, that..thou diddest..find hap, vnlooked for, to recouer thy libertie.
1669 W. Somner 5
Canterbury may now seem to stand in the Æstuaries way; yet time was, when in probability it did not.
1680 T. Otway i. 9
The time has been, When business might have stay'd, and I been hear'd.
1724 J. Swift To Stella 13 Mar. in
Time was, when I could yearly pay My verse on Stella's native day.
1791 W. Cowper tr. Homer Iliad in I. i. 300
Time shall be, when Achilles shall be miss'd.
1835 D. George 106
The time has been, when many a rural lay I tried, as life pass'd airily away.
1856 C. M. Yonge ii. xxiii. 610
Time was that I should have grasped at such a prospect.
1874 J. T. Micklethwaite 251
Time was when we had a national style.
1903 G. A. Dorsey & A. L. Kroeber 385
You shall see him. The time will be when everybody will see him.
1957 M. West ii. 29
Time was when a man's wealth was measured by the number of his pigs.
2009 T. Pynchon xiii. 207
Time was when Doc used to actually worry about..ending up just one more diligent cop.
(b) Without conjunction, used as an introductory formula (cf. ) or parenthetically.
1601 T. Powell sig. F3v
Time was they vsde it, and t'was onely Gentile..But now religious and the most prophane Partake one Idol and one Cyprus flame.
1611 M. Smith in Transl. Pref. 5
The same Hierome elsewhere affirmeth, that he, the time was, had set forth the Translation of the Seuenty for his countrymen of Dalmatia.
1737 A. Pope ii. i. 10
Time was, a sober Englishman wou'd knock His servants up, and rise by five a clock.
Time was she earn'd her daily bread, And walk'd the streets in pattens.
1831 T. Hood in
Time was I liked a cheesecake well enough.
1878 E. P. Hood 19
My darling, I am blest: The time will be we both shall rest.
1916 L. Dutton xvii. 261
Her head's high above me now, but the time was she cried on my shoulder.
1998 P. Lively
She had lived, time was, in a house made of dried mud, in a straw hut, in various tents.
2010 L. Turner xxiii. 91
Time was, I believed that bullshit too.
b. to call time
. (Cf. sense )
(a) Sport. To give a signal marking a particular moment in time, esp. the end of a period of rest or informal play, or of a prescribed portion of play. Cf. senses , .
1811 July 185/2
The Patriot called time, and walked up to the man of Kent with his arms folded.
1885 Mar. 47/2
The visitors claimed a goal on the ground that the umpire had called time too soon, not allowing for a three minutes' delay at half-time.
1919 1 Nov. 9/7
Petone..managed to hold it by half an inch when the referee called time.
2001 D. W. Zang ii. 43
As blood spurted from a gash above the American's eye, the German referee called time.
(b) originally U.S. To declare that something (in early use esp. a speech or debate) has finished or should be brought to an end; to curtail an activity, process, etc. Frequently with on.
1858 Dec. 659
He ‘shall be heard’, however, even if we are obliged, as the stump-speakers say at the South, to ‘call Time’ on him.
1891 28 Feb. 153/1
We shall call time on subsequent issues.
1899 Apr. 652
It is the duty of the Chair to call time when three minutes have elapsed.
1928 F. C. Happold 72
If the lecture is not finished when the twelve minutes are up the time-keeper will call time.
1970 11 Dec. 1/5
PIB calls time on overtime.
2004 Apr. 127/1
Frustrated fanboys cursing Warner Bros for calling time on Angel [sc. a television series].
(c) To announce or signal (the approach of) the end of opening hours in a public house or other licensed establishment. Cf. sense .
1898 1 336
Landlord Penhale called time, and began to put the lights out as a hint that they must go.
1969 D. Davin in Mar. 19
The barman was calling time. Men were buying their last-minute bottles to take away.
1989 A. Aird 105
An enormous bronze bell for calling time.
2005 C. Cleave 139
We drank our drinks and I went up to the bar with Terence to get 2 more in but just then the landlord called time.
c. to come (up) to time
(a) Boxing. To be ready to continue when time is called at the start of a new round. Also in extended use. Now rare (historical in later use).
1811 July 185/2
100 to 10 against the Patriot's coming to time.
1853 W. Robinson xvi. 83
At length..Cesar began to show evident signs that he had ‘enough’; for though he still ‘came up to time’, his ‘charges’ were made with considerable less force than in the beginning of the fight.
1911 28 Mar. 16/5
Houghton pluckily came up to time, but he was soon prone once more, and Bowker was declared the winner.
1935 G. Heyer ii. 24
Molyneux came up to time, and charged in, planting one or two blows.
(b) colloquial. To do or be capable of doing what is expected or required, esp. at a crucial moment. Cf. . Now rare.
1817 Ld. Byron 24 Feb.
This does not prevent me from expecting the said John Murray Esqre. ‘to come up to time’ because then I know the precise extent of my floating funds.
1874 11 July 21/3
[They] have hit upon the proper plan to make those papers come to time and learn to respect the liberty of American citizens.
1885 H. A. Beers v. 216
Rev. Timothy Flint..had agreed to supply the required papers, but he having left New York for Louisiana Territory, and failed to come to time, Willis was invited to take his place.
1903 M. H. Foote 188
I've a mind to speak for myself now, if Micky doesn't come up to time.
1920 W. Atkinson ix. 85
Howard's father also came to time with the other five hundred dollars.
1956 J. L. Rutledge v. 80
So situated, the planners conceded, the New Englanders would come to time at the King's convenience.
. to do (one's) time
(a) originally Criminals' slang. To spend time in prison for an offence. Cf. sense .
1865 26 Feb. 12/2
He continued, ‘I had nothing to do with the shawl robbery..nor Johnson's—I was doing time (meaning, I was in prison).’
1888 ‘R. Boldrewood’ xli
People can't be expected to associate with men that have ‘done time’.
1904 A. Griffiths xiii. 185
He did his ‘time’ without protest.
1932 L. E. Lawes
The aristocrat in prison is the prisoner who has learned how to do his time.
1963 11 198
Don't do the crime unless you can do the time.
1984 M. A. Jarman 49
‘You did some time?’ Luke asks. ‘In the Fort. Got picked up running smoke from Vancouver.’
2010 Mar. 37/3
A former member of NAMBLA..doing time at Limon for sexual exploitation of a child.
(b) To spend a period of time in a specified situation or position (typically doing a job or task), esp. one regarded as obligatory but unpleasant.
1897 3 July (Fiction Suppl.) 26/2
Mr. Griffith's leading character is a revivified mummy... The women of the book, one of whom has also done time as a mummy, are superfluous.
1912 Dec. 657/1
Every young Mormon who looks forward to social, political or ecclesiastical preferment must be ready to ‘do time’ as a missionary.
1959 D. Lessing 43
When I was doing my time in his office I was permanently amazed at the way all the women were ready to lie down and let him walk all over them.
1971 P. Larkin Let. 6 Sept. in
I'm doing time as Librarian of the U. of Hull, & really haven't much connection with Coventry left.
2004 6 Sept. 26/1
Did you do your time in two-bedroom apartments you shared with three actors, two magazine fact-checkers, and a crystal-meth-addled pastry chef?
e. to give (a person) time : to allow sufficient time for a person to change his or her opinion or attitude, vindicate claims made on his or her behalf, etc. Similarly to give (a matter, etc.) time . Frequently in imperative.
a1762 W. McEwen
ii. xvii. 195
How absurd is it for any to hasten providence? Give it time, and it will do all things well.
1803 No. 3. 6
Give but time to this experiment, and it will work its end.
1855 W. G. Simms xiii. 125
With all his prejudices, father is just in the end—only give him time and all will be right.
1902 H. James xv. 231
‘He won't..make up his mind about me.’ ‘Well,’ Milly smiled, ‘give him time.’
1940 W. Faulkner i. iii. 60
He'll pick it up though... Just give him time.
1962 J. F. Powers vii. 151
I don't say the present population wants it, but give 'em time.
2004 L. Jensen 215
Give it time, said Marcel Perez. Treat it like bereavement. There are stages to it.
f. as (the) times go : as things are in these times; according to current standards. Now rare.
1629 in N. Brent tr. P. Sarpi
As the times goe now, he that knowes not how to make no shewe of what hee meanes..is much more ignorant how to play the Pope.
1632 H. More tr. G. Piatti i. xxxvi. 188
Secular Lay-people, as times go now adayes, either runne headlong into al manner of vice, or..think they do wel enough if they abstayne from sinne.
1712 R. Steele No. 298. ⁋3
Persons, of tolerable Figure too as Times go.
1765 G. Colman tr. Terence Andrian i. i, in tr. Terence 11
He rul'd his life By prudent maxims: for, as times go now, Compliance raises friends, and truth breeds hate.
1841 23 16
‘How goes it, Joe?’ ‘Pretty well, as times go.’
1891 H. Nisbet I. 101
‘Johnny’ in Victoria is a model of cleanliness and industry, and as the times go, honest also.
1939 6 May 2/7
As times go we must not enter into treaties with a single power or group of powers.
1953 D. S. Brewer 186
Chaucer, an old man as the times went, and with a lifelong association with the House of Lancaster, acquiesced in the change.
(a) colloquial (originally Australian and New Zealand). to have no (a lot of, etc.) time for , to have no (considerable, etc.) respect or admiration for.
1901 2 Nov. 26/1
[He] seems down-hearted since the girls have no time for him.
1904 27 Aug. 8/2
We have no time for the ‘claptrap’ ladled out to the workers by blatherskites of the Cocky Mac type.
1938 N. Marsh xi. 156
The only one they seemed to have much time for was the Honourable Basil Pilgrim.
1952 A. Grimble ix. 177
He never had much time for pen-pushers, as he called them.
1966 J. Cleary xi. 247
I don't think he'd harm her... I think he had a lot of time for my wife.
1987 D. Simpson
There's no point in pretending I had much time for Nerine.
2006 July 61/2
I have always had a lot of time for Vita and I think she is a great lady.
(b) a good, etc., time was had by all : everyone enjoyed themselves (in later use sometimes ironically).
1865 21 Oct.
The Charter Oak club gave them and a few invited guests a supper, at which a social good time was had by all present.
1879 June 81/1
Toasts were drunk, speeches made, and a generally enjoyable time was had by all.
1935 27 Dec. 5/4
A flower carnival in which both cannibals and their prospective victims joined, and at which, of course, a good time was had by one and all.
1949 F. Maclean iii. ix. 406
After that we mixed a delicious drink in the bath tub, and a good time, as the saying goes, was had by all.
1993 R. Murphy Introd. 3/2
Street battles took place between police and locals where uniformed and plain-clothes men cheerfully joined in and ‘a good time was had by all’.
2010 B. Bordy viii. 128
All the Hunkies, except me, got falling down drunk... A great time was had by all.
h. to keep time
. Also with modifying adjective.
(i) To adhere to the correct rhythm in the performance of a piece of music, a dance, or other rhythmic activity; to keep pace with a beat, another performer, etc. (also with to). Also figurative.
a1527 W. Peeris Prov. in
Who so lyst to handill an instrument so goode Must se in his many fyngerynge þt he kepe tyme stop and moode.
1597 W. Shakespeare v. v. 43
Keepe time, how sowre sweete Musicke is When time is broke, and no proportion kept.
1601 B. Jonson i. ii. sig. B4
Slow, Slow Fresh fount, keepe time with my salt teares.
1648 J. Beaumont vi. clvii. 86/2
Though she kept slow time, yet she sung true.
a1657 C. Croke
They all plaid on the Guittar and Cittern, and the irrational Animals prettily kept time to their musical Notes.
1753 Suppl. (at cited word)
When, in galloping, the hind quarters follow and keep time with the fore.
1790 I. vii. 177
They keep time with such exactness, that 60 or 100 paddles..make only a single report.
1817 Ld. Byron lxiii
I can't well break it, But must keep time and tune like public singers.
1894 A. B. Gomme I. 330
He puts on it first his right and then his left foot, gradually quickening his steps, keeping time to the words.
1928 22 June 11/3
There is the ‘piaffe’ in which the horses keep time without advancing.
1975 P. Kronhausen & E. Kronhausen iii. 23
She went into a thumping, shimmying..bump-and-grind routine that kept perfect time with the music.
2003 Aug. 320
Rose-cheeked Scottish maids who sang folk ballads in unison to keep time with one another as they passed the fabric from one hand to hand.
(ii) To mark the rhythm or pulse of a musical performance by movements of the hand, a baton, etc.; = .
1658 J. Playford
i. viii. 24
In the Keeping your Time your hand goes up at one Minum and down at the other.
1663 S. Pepys 22 Nov.
The King is a little Musicall, and kept good time with his hand all along the Anthem.
1712 R. Steele No. 503. ⁋2
Now the Organ was to play a Voluntary, and she..kept time..with some Motion of her Head.
1835 A. Smith 10 Dec.
She kept time with her fingers by beating upon the dried lambskin... This..furnished delightful music.
1897 R. Jay 255
No sooner..did the voluntary begin, than the little feet were on the move, keeping brisk time against the front of the pew.
He himself played a cornet, with which he conducted..; he kept time by stamping with his right foot.
1989 T. Kidder vii. i. 233
Judith's father kept time on a güiro.
2004 June 144/3
The idea of playing phrases as opposed to just keeping time, setting the meter, or establishing an underbed for the other bandmembers to play off of.
(i) Of a timepiece: to register the passage of time well, badly, etc.; (without qualification) to do this correctly or reliably.
a1582 W. Bourne
It hath bene done by wheeles, as you may see by clockes, that doo keepe tyme, some goyng with plummets, and some with springs.
1640 Bp. J. Hall i. vii. 70
Our body is as a well-set clock which keeps good time.
1714 W. Derham
This Clock having for some Years kept time as well as could be expected, I hung upon its Weight an Addition of 6 Pound.
1737 Feb. 68/1
None of them [sc. spring clocks and watches] can be so sufficiently adjusted as to keep Time to Exactness.
1807 T. Young I. xvii. 189
An orrery, moved by a weight, and keeping time, which was sent, in 1232, by the Sultan of Egypt, as a present to the Emperor Frederic II.
A wooden-wheeled clock, nearly a century old, which kept very poor time.
1923 R. L. Cassie 18
That great neep o' a watch o' yours wunna keep time.
1973 J. Wainwright 97
It was a good clock..and, apart from power cuts, it kept perfect time.
2005 Oct. 20/2
You can buy a Timex and it will keep better time than a $10,000 Patek Philippe.
(ii) To be punctual; to be on time. Also with qualification: to be good, bad, etc., with regard to punctuality.
1602 tr. B. Guarini iv. vii. sig. M2
Great fortune that my father me detain'd So with a tedious stay, as then me thought, Had I kept time but as Lisetta bad, Surely some strange aduenture had I had.
1643 R. Williams ix. 63
They..sometimes have charged me with a lye for not punctually keeping time, though hindred.
1796 G. Colman ii. v. 74
2d Rob. None of our comrades come yet? They will be finely soak'd. 1st Rob. Aye, the rain pours like a spout upon the ruins of the old abbey wall here. Jud. I'm glad on't. May it drench them, and breed agues! 'twill teach them to keep time.
1838 July 45
He had to keep good time in arriving at the canal.
1865 H. Merritt xxviii. 134
‘How was it you managed to keep bad time, boy?’.. ‘I have had to run of errands between school hours, sir.’
1874 4 Nov. 6/5
The Pullman train..keeps time to a minute.
1908 Mar. 563/2
The loafer, if he keeps good time, as surely obtains his bonus as the diligent and skillful workman.
1942 9 172
Where discipline is slack, one sometimes finds whole shops keeping bad time.
2009 C. O. N. Moser x. 218
There is a far greater responsibility to keep time, to work hard, and to change your work ethic.
(c) Of a person: to record or monitor time elapsed, worked, etc.; to act as a timekeeper at a sporting event, workplace, etc.; cf. .
1805 Dec. 129/1
He can't have lost the battle [i.e. a boxing match]—or if he has, it is not by giving in, but for want of keeping time between the rounds.
1838 Rep. Select Comm. Educ. Poorer Classes 64 in VII. 157
The law..insists upon a room being supplied with books, and a man to keep time for the children, to certify that they have been there two hours a day.
1888 (41st U.S. Congr. 2nd Sess. H. R. Rep. No. 58) 58
If the man appointed to keep time at the quarry should conspire with the contractor at the quarry, is not the government at their mercy in regard to being cheated?
1901 9th Ser. 7 356/2
It was my daily duty to keep time and to ‘sub’ for some hundreds of men engaged on extensive railway..works in England.
1972 Mar. 29/2
Keeping time with a stopwatch teaches arithmetic.
3 Apr. 31
Which referee would keep time and how would they be able to communicate with each other to ensure the correct amount of time was played?
(a) to lose no time and variants: to act without delay, take urgent action; to be quick (in beginning or doing something).
They dooing in euery thing as they were bidden loste no tyme, but so sped theim that shortely they obteygned and gate into the countie of Angeou.
1567 W. Painter II. vii. f. 58v
Get thee hence with all possible spede, and lose no time in doing this thy message.
a1645 W. Browne tr. M. Le Roy
iii. v. 155
We must lose no time. Resolve your selfe therefore to go to Morocco with Cydaria.
1752 T. Carte III. 155
The king lost no time in making use of the liberty of remarrying.
1808 J. Jamieson at Snack
Be snack, be quick, do not lose time.
1874 W. P. Lennox II. 72
My guide then informing me that within three miles there were several salmon pools, I lost no time in proceeding there.
1903 W. B. Yeats 25 Oct.
It forms part of a book my sisters are now going to print, and which will probably be published soon after Christmas, so I must lose no time about it.
1922 S. Ford xi. 182
‘I think that gives me a hunch.’ I didn't lose any time in following it, either.
1960 Feb. 76
I still was burning when it was all over and lost no time busting into the officials' room to chew them out.
2002 H. Kunzru
Once they finally reached Agra..she lost no time in breaking the shocking news to the servants of her new household.
(b) no time to lose and variants: used to express or emphasize the need for quick or urgent action. Chiefly in to have no time to lose , there is (was, etc.) no time to lose .
1603 J. Florio tr. M. de Montaigne i. xxvii. 93
Sithence it must continue so short a time, and begunne so late (for we were both growne men, and he some yeares older then my selfe) there was no time to be lost [Fr. elle n'avait point à perdre temps].
1636 tr. J. D. de Saint-Sorlin i. v. 82
They hastened away because there was no time to lose.
1726 R. Bradley 12
Now there is no time to lose, all Hands, and all the Teams that can be procured, are little enough for large Farms to get the Ground cropt compleatly for a Summer Harvest.
1790 II. 159
There is no time to be lost. She is pursued by a wretch who seeks her perdition.
1863 July 101
If we're for action, there's no time to lose... The ball's with Pigot if we hesitate.
1927 Mar. (Advertising section) 13/2
If you want your set of the new Britannica in the preferred new form, you have no time to lose.
1994 J. Coe
We must meet, Michael. There are no two ways about it. We must arrange a rendezvous, and there is no time to be lost.
2010 J. Dane xi. 142
She had no time to lose if she intended to get at the truth enough to help Jess.
(a) U.S. colloquial. to make a time : to make a fuss; to ‘make a song and dance’. Now rare.
You never saw people so delighted as they were to meet me; shook hands and made such a time of it that I really was afraid they were going to kiss me in the street.
1871 E. Prentiss
When he first proposed to enlist, she made a time about it, and said and did all she could to alter his resolution.
1919 N. Barley
Her aunt said she saw you and made quite a time of it. I'm sorry.
1935 M. N. Rawson 317
When Ma and the children would make a time about it..one went somewhere, anywhere—not to have light talk of it.
(b) to make time: see , , .
k. colloquial. to take (a person) all his (also her, etc.) time : to require great effort from, to present great difficulties to.
1842 C. M. Kirkland I. xix. 192
My cows would concentrate..whether or no, and it took all my time to run after 'em.
1880 R. Richardson vi. 60
That sort of bed makes a room little better nor a sty, an' would take me all my time keepin' the place clean.
1941 E. Carr 89
It took Jimmie all his time in the shallows to keep us in the channel.
1995 D. Witte in V. Bonner et al. 257
And that mare could buck! It took me all my time to stay with her.
2006 N. Monaghan
Sometimes it took her all her time to stand up or sit down.
l. colloquial (originally U.S.). time's a-wasting and variants: ‘time is running out’, ‘hurry up’. Cf. .
1884 ‘C. E. Craddock’ 18
Hurry an' git supper, child. Time's a-wastin',—time's a-wastin!
1942 25 June i. 18/2
May we remember that there is a war going on and that time is ‘a-wasting’.
1967 Apr. 6/3
So get going—time's a-wastin'!
2002 W. Woodruff
Others thought that anybody over seventy had every right to do as he pleased. ‘Time's a-wasting’, they said, noting my faulty gait.
m. to abide one's time: see . to bide one's time: see . to break time: see . to gain time: see . to mark time: see . to take (one's) time: see . to wait one's time: see . Other idiomatic uses, in which time is a frequent but not invariable component, are also dealt with elsewhere; these include to kill time (see ), time hangs heavy (or heavily) (see ), to redeem the time (see ), to save time (see ).
With various modifiers.
(a) many times (also many a time, †many time): on many occasions, in many instances; often, frequently.
c1275 Kentish Serm. in J. Hall
Ure lord god almichti..habbeþ [MS hadeþ] manitime maked of watere wyn gostliche.
l. 924 (MED)
My seknes wiþ my siȝtes sumtime slakes, & mani times doþ me mourne mor þan to-fore.
I am gladly executour And many tymes a procuratour.
Men may se þare þe erthe of þe toumbe many a tyme stirre and moue.
Þe kyng hymselfe wold mony a tyme vnwarned come to þe mete.
1535 Psalms lxxvii. 38
Many a tyme turned he his wrath awaye.
1590 J. Smythe Ded. 6
Which I haue heard manie, and manie times publikelie reported by manie valiant Gentlemen.
1622 R. Hawkins x. 19
Which..many times is cause of dissention.
1631 J. Humfrey Let. 4 Nov. in
3rd Ser. IX. 235
Wee manitimes groape after happines in manie yea anie other wayes.
1680 R. L'Estrange tr. Erasmus xiv. 199
They have fetch'd me over many and many a time.
1701 D. Defoe ii. 45
Englishmen ha' done it many a time.
1722 D. Defoe 98
He discover'd many times his inclination of going over to Virginia to live upon his own.
1816 J. Allen 390
The shouphar or cornet is sounded many times in the course of this festival.
1855 July 212/1
Many a time would she come and sit by his easel, and try her little powers to charm him.
1884 H. D. Rawnsley in 6 188
Eh dear, many time I've watched him coming round wi' lantern and her after a walk by night.
1963 ‘C. Rohan’ 14
Many a time he paid my Union money when I didn't have it.
1993 J. Green 164
I got leaned on by villains many many times... But I didn't pay up.
2008 A. C. Clarke & F. Pohl xlviii. 288
Over a long and happy marriage he had seen his wife's naked body