, lME spoorte
, lME sprot
(transmission error), lME–16 sporte
, lME– sport
, pre-17 17– sport
. (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):
Origin: Formed within English, by clipping or shortening. Etymon:
The sense development may have been influenced by association with classical Latin lūdus
play, game, recreation, amusement, amorous play, fun, frivolity, entertainment, show, (in plural, lūdī
) public games, gladiatorial school, in post-classical Latin also hunting (late 2nd or early 3rd cent. in Tertullian) (see ), and classical Latin lūsus
action of playing, game, amorous play, entertainment, show, joke, prank. Classical Latin lūdus
was often used to denote a recreation chiefly of young men, involving physical exercise and military training. There were three types of public games called lūdī
: the lūdī circenses
‘circus games’ which consisted of chariot-racing, the lūdī scaenicī
‘theatrical games’, incorporating mime, pantomime, and plays, and (thirdly) gladiatorial combats. Classical Latin lūdī
was also occasionally used to denote public games of ancient Greece, such as the Olympic Games (lūdī Olympiī
) which comprised various athletic contests, wrestling, boxing, and horse racing.
With the sense development compare also ,
the English word has been borrowed into numerous other languages, as e.g. French sport
(1828), Italian sport
(1829), German Sport
(1828), Swedish sport
(1857), Dutch sport
(1866), Danish sport
(1866), etc. Compare also Spanish deporte
sport (late 19th cent.), spec. use (after English ) of deporte
Senses relating to play, pleasure, or entertainment. Cf. older
b. Success, pleasure, or recreation derived from or afforded by an activity, originally and esp. hunting, shooting, or fishing. Frequently with adjectives expressing the level of success.
?a1450 Percy Poem on Falconry
l. 644 in
A hoby is gode to the larke..Redely she wille gare hem darke... In hem gode sport þu shalt fynde.
1575 G. Gascoigne xl. 111
In such sorte as the houndes should not be able to sent it so well, but should ouershoote the chase, and that would marre the sporte.
1592 B. Rich ii. viii. 73
I can most fitly compare louers to hunters, that likes better of the sporte, then they doe of the game it selfe when they haue it.
1612 J. Webster sig. H
Yong Leuerets stand not long; and womens anger Should, like their flight, procure a little sport.
1629 L. Carlell iv. i. sig. I4 v
These old fat Deere make no sport at all.
1653 I. Walton ii
I am..glad to have so fair an entrance to this day's sport .
1735 W. Somervile iii. 141
A chosen few Alone the Sport enjoy, nor droop beneath Their pleasing Toils.
1773 J. Cook 2 Apr.
Some [wild fowl] we killed and returned on board at 10 o'Clock in the evening when I learnt that the other party had but indiffert sport.
1787 T. Best
The higher an angler goes up the Thames,..the more sport, and the greater variety of fish he will meet with.
1828 W. Scott Fair Maid of Perth viii, in 2nd Ser. I. 218
I was thinking to see my hawks fly, and your company will make the sport more pleasant.
1838 G. P. R. James I. ii. 21
Sir Walter desired me to compliment you, sir,..and to wish you good sport.
1864 J. H. Burton I. iii. 114
The Scots lords were grieved..that these should return without having any sport..which the Border wars afforded.
1881 E. D. Brickwood in XII. 202/2
When well-known winners entered for a race, other competitors withdrew, and sport was spoiled.
1885 ‘Mrs. Alexander’ iv. 62
Pressing Glynn to come down..for the twelfth of August, promising him good sport.
1915 J. Buchan vii. 178
We discussed sport..for he had hunted a bit in his day.
1972 27 May 17/3
The gun who took my place fared even worse than I did with regard to the amount of sport which he obtained.
1998 Spring 7/2
The dog group had particularly good sport in the low ground rushes.
†c. Lovemaking, amorous play; (also) sexual intercourse; an instance of this, an amorous exploit. Obsolete.In later use frequently punning on sense .
l. 2087 (MED)
xxxti maydens, lo..The fayrest of hem ye chese; Take your sporte.
l. 3176 (MED)
In-to the Chambre lete vs goo, Amonges the maydens some sportes to doo.
Prynt yow in sportes whych best doth yow plese.
Freiris Berwik 170 in W. T. Ritchie
Than in hett luve thay talkit vderis till Thus at þair sport now will I leif þame still.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
ii. i. 227
When the blood is made dull with the act of sport .
1617 F. Moryson iii. 48
Italians love a fearefull wench, that often flies from Venus sport.
1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Georgics iii, in tr. Virgil 102
When now the Nuptial time Approaches for the stately Steed to climb;..Distend his Chine, and pamper him for sport .
1772 T. Bridges
In England, if you trust report, Whether in country, town, or court, The parsons daughters make best sport.
1787 C. Morris
ii. sig. *B
As he knew in our state that the women had weight, He chose one well hung for good sport, Sir.
†b. A theatrical performance; a show, play, or interlude. Obsolete.In quot. echoing Shakespeare's use.
For which [feast] he slewe 40,000 kyne and oxen..and other wilde bestes of the woode..with much other purveyaunce of stuffe of vytayle, with many disguisinges, playis, minstralsye, and sportes.
1571 in A. Feuillerat
In sundry Tragedies, Playes, Maskes and Sportes.
1600 W. Shakespeare iii. ii. 14
The shallowest thickskinne, of that barraine sort, Who Pyramus presented, in their sport, Forsooke his Scene.
1608 W. Shakespeare iv. i. 280
Marke..the morall of this sport.
1645 L. Gatford 19
Any unecessary [sic] publique meetings or concourse of the people such as Wakes, Feasts, Theatricall sports, Campings, or Football-playes, Dauncings, or the like pastimes.
1763 G. Colman i. i. 7
Most noble Duke, to us be kind; Be you and all your courtiers blind, That you may not our errors find, But smile upon our sport.
c. A piece of intellectual or literary playfulness; a jeu d'esprit; (also) a piece of writing characterized by this. With of and distinguishing word, as a sport of terms , a sport of wit , a sport of words , etc. Now rare.
1569 J. Sanford tr. H. C. Agrippa xlvii. f. 61 v
Al this is nothinge els, but a certaine sporte of Allegories, the whiche idle men busied in letters, pointes, and numbers, which this tongue and manner of writtinge dothe easily suffer, accordinge to theire pleasure doo forge and reforge.
a1586 Sir P. Sidney
ii. ii. sig. P
My words being so passionate; and shooting so quite contrarie from the markes of Mopsaes worthinesse, she perceiued well enough, whither they were directed: and therefore being so masked, she was contented, as a sporte of witte to attend them.
1633 T. Heywood iv. i. sig. I4
What he did, Was but for his Young Master, I allow it Rather as sports of Wit, then iniuries.
1685 E. Stillingfleet iv. 208
I cannot think Learned Men write these things any otherwise, than as Sports of Wit which are intended for the diversion..of the Reader.
1725 W. Broome in A. Pope et al. tr. Homer II. ix. Observ. 329
An Author who should introduce such a sport of words upon the stage, even in the Comedy of our days, would meet with small applause.
1774 J. Bryant II. 282
Clemens speaks of this Ogdoas, as the νοητος κοσμος: which is certainly a sport of terms.
1830 J. Mackintosh Life T. More in
Enabling the writer to call the whole a mere sport of wit.
1917 Dec. 256
That is, there inheres in the terms of the proposition itself something which is a negation of success; and to propose it at all is only a sport of words.
†b. Jesting, joking; merriment, mirth. Obsolete.
He knew sho was bod a symple thyng & ansswerd halfe in sporte & said; ‘Thai sall nevur be savid bod if þai crepe into a hate oven’.
Deth kan no sporte; wher I smyte, þer is no grace.
1566 W. Painter I. xlix. f. 295v
The women vnderstanding those wordes, made as though they knewe nothing, and after a little sporte and laughter betweene them: they went to bed.
1589 T. Nashe To Students in R. Greene sig. A3
I cease to expose to your sport the picture of those Pamphleters, and Poets, that make a patrimonie of In speech.
1632 F. Quarles 130
The Persian Court Gave welcome to delights, and youthly sport.
1671 J. Milton 396
Thrice I deluded her, and turn'd to sport Her importunity.
1778 F. Burney Let. 27 Aug. in
Dr. Johnson..in the evening..was as lively & full of wit & sport as I have ever seen him.
1827 T. Carlyle Richter in June 187
He thinks as a humourist, he feels, imagines, acts as a humourist; Sport is the element in which his nature lives and works.
1888 in G. Meyer
The men and women are always full of sport; so different from the sombre character of the Argentine or Oriental.
b. In plural. An occasion on which people compete in various athletic or other sporting activities. Cf. .In early use frequently referring to the ancient Olympic Games.
1535 2 Macc. iv. 4
What tyme as the Olympiades sportes were played at Tyrus (the kynge him selfe beinge presente).
1594 T. Kyd tr. R. Garnier iv. i. 134
Like them that (stryuing at th' Olympian sports To grace themselues with honor of the game) Annoynt theyr sinewes fit for wrestling.
1655 Duchess of Newcastle iii. iii. 207
Their Sports like the old Olympick Games.
1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Æneis v, in tr. Virgil 330
That Day with solemn Sports I mean to grace.
1723 R. Blackmore iv. 120
None made more bold Efforts To gain the Prize at old Olympick Sports.
1736 T. Gray Let. 8 May in
Oft in Pisa's sports, his native land Admired that arm.
1860 I. 519
Athletic sports were first witnessed at Rome 186 b.c.
1892 27 Apr. 3/1
The Oxford and Cambridge Sports, which were kept at Kensington.
1909 5 May 12/4
The green committee did not consider that golf was a game likely to be benefited by inclusion in any programme of the Olympic Sports.
1929 4 Feb. 10/2
The crowd..pours into the dale in August to see the fell runners and wrestlers at the Grasmere sports.
1968 G. M. Williams iii. 54
The first time he'd really noticed her was at the school sports.
1997 A. Smith
The field where the shows came in June and where they held the inter-school sports.
c. Participation in activities involving physical exertion and skill, (now) esp. competitive activities regulated by set rules or customs; such activities collectively.
1793 C. Smith I. ii. 48
Her room was in a turret over a sort of lumber-room, where the game-keeper kept his nets and his rods, and where Orlando used to deposit his bow, his cricket-bats, and other instruments of sport.
1863 Oct. 195
If recreation is found, or pastime is sought in activity or change,..it is called diversion; and if we set ourselves to take part in the amusement,..it constitutes sport.
1884 Mar. 492
All other branches of athletic sport..have their ruling bodies, and so has cycling.
1885 ‘Mrs. Alexander’ iii. 46
I..found he was well up in sporting, or rather turf, matters. There is very little sport in them.
1913 16 Sept. 16/1
Another indication of the Internationalization of sport may be read in the track games held for Chinese undergraduates of American schools and universities.
1941 34 84/1
The Company still lives up to its laurels, and in sport is still outstanding. Its cross-country team has won nearly every Inter-Company event, while the soccer team is undefeated.
1989 M. Coren iii. 43
Gilbert attempted the game of golf, and was confirmed in his view that sport was not his particular vocation.
2000 20 Mar. 40/2
Down-to-earth SBF..slim and attractive, enjoys sport, interior design, reading, music and adventure.
b. An object of amusement, mockery, ridicule, etc.; a plaything, a laughing stock; the butt of a joke.
1598 N. Ling
Man is the example of imbecillity, pray of time, sport of fortune and enuy, the image of vnconstancy, and the very seate of fleame, choller, and rewmes.
1615 A. Stafford 4
Man,..the son of Calamity, the example of Imbecility, the spoyle of Time, the sport of fortune, the image of Change.
They cannot see how they are the Sport and Laughter of ev'ry Company they come into.
1694 T. Southerne ii
Am I then the sport, The Game of Fortune, and her laughing Fools?
1711 A. Pope 30
And while Self-Love each jealous Writer rules, Contending Wits become the Sport of Fools.
a1766 F. Sheridan
Live thyself a prey to remorse and disappointment, the slave of passions never to be gratified, and a sport to the vicissitudes of fortune.
1796 J. Morse
Rhode Island was doomed to be the sport of a blind and singular policy.
1853 F. D. Maurice xii. 205
Those who treated the divine covenant as a fantasy and a fiction, became themselves the sports of every fantasy and fiction.
1898 T. Watts-Dunton xi. iii
You, whom Destiny..has taken in hand as a special sport.
1944 12 May 3/2
They were allowed on the hatchways once a day, when they became the sport of the Japanese soldiers, who inflicted indescribable indignities on them from the decks above.
1990 A. Stevens vi. 146
He no longer saw himself as a sport of cruel nature.
1889 14 Feb. 4/8
That grotesque ‘sport’ of scientific development, Professor Tyndall.
1893 56 66/1
They belong with Emily Dickinson's verses—the ‘sports’ of literary decadence.
1954 N. R. Ker in p. xii
If the whole method of writing and the orthography of the Caius manuscript were typically English the aberrant r could be explained..as a ‘sport’ by an English scribe in a period of experiment and change.
1971 9 Oct. 811/1
I found myself immersed in a tangle of phys- words... Except for a few sports like ‘physbuttock’ (from fizz) they all come from two roots.
1989 N. Sherry I. v. 70
The pack drives out the ‘sport’; society finds its scapegoat.
A person concerned with or interested in sport; a sportsman or sportswoman.
b. A person who follows or participates in sport. Now rare.
1873 C. G. Leland 69
Such hardened sinners as old pigeon-shooting sports.
1890 30 June 3/3
All modern sports will be delighted with the picture of the cosy parlour in which the ancient sports are enjoying themselves after the fatigues of the ‘First.’
1894 J. D. Astley II. 93
There was a houseful of ‘sports’ of both sexes.
1914 E. A. Powell xiii. 370
In Victoria almost any one can be a sport, if not a sportsman.
1953 S. Bellow viii. 153
I..could talk firmly and knowingly to rich young girls, to country-club sports and university students.
c. A fair-minded, generous, or sportsmanlike person; a lively, sociable person. Also (with modifying adjective): a person who responds well (poorly, etc.) to teasing, defeat, or a similarly trying situation, esp. in a good sport .
1881 Ld. Rhondda Let. 30 Oct. in ii. 24
X—— didn't make herself particularly unpleasant to me, though no doubt she was annoyed about something. I think she is rather a sport because she is such a good type of a certain class of character.
1915 R. H. Davis viii. 159
All that was asked of the stranded Americans was to keep cool and, like true sports, suffer inconvenience.
1916 2 Mar. 11/1
Miss Eastman refuses to take alimony, which is to say that women are good sports, which they are.
1918 C. Mackenzie i. ii. 64
You're no sport, Maudie. You've got the chance of your life and you're turning it down.
1937 L. Bromfield i. iii. 24
For a moment he came very near to doing what she had meant him to do—lose his temper and show himself a bad sport.
1942 A. Christie ix. 85
I did like her. I thought she was a good sport.
1975 S. Bellow 310
Don't be a bad sport.
1990 P. Ustinov v. 51
Mr Smith took them. ‘Swiss francs. You are a sport’.
1997 R. Tremain
Lewis is a good sport, you know.
d. U.S. A young man; a fellow. Now rare.
1897 C. M. Flandrau 215
‘I don't suppose they're “cheap” sports,..not the way you mean.’ ‘Expensive sports, then?’
1901 D. B. Hall & A. Osborne i. 4
A small club, called the University, which is chiefly kept up by the young men—the ‘sports’, as they are called in this part of the world.
1903 A. H. Lewis 205
Just as a sport finds himself on easy street.
e. Chiefly Australian and New Zealand. Used as a friendly form of address, esp. between men who do not know each other. Also occasionally in plural. Cf. .
1923 G. S. Beeby 305
All right, sport. No offence meant.
1943 K. Tennant v. 48
The small boy rose and said rapidly: ‘Fair go, sports.’
1951 E. Lambert
‘Have a swig, sport.’ He took the bottle..and helped himself to a mouthful. ‘Thanks, sport.’ He handed the bottle back and idly he noted that he had never called a man ‘sport’ before.
1959 G. Slatter 50
Ya looking for somebody, sport?
1975 R. Beilby 80
‘Come on, sport,’ the doorman was saying patiently. ‘You can't stop here. You've had a skinful.’
30 July 3
Us, like Yanks? Fair go, sport!
Senses relating to solace.
a. in sport: in jest, jokingly; for fun or diversion, not seriously or in earnest. Now somewhat archaic.In quot. used predicatively.
1535 Prov. xxvi. C
I dyd it but in sporte.
a1577 Ferrers in G. Gascoigne Princelie Pleasures Kenelworth sig. A.iij, in
And as my loue to Arthure dyd appeere, so shalt to you in earnest and in sport.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
i. ii. 26
Loue no man in good earnest, nor no further in sport neyther, then [etc.] .
1668 P. M. To Author of Ephesian Matron sig. H, in W. Charleton
Having in sport thrown you into the river, and finding you unable to bear up against the impetuous torrent of Feminine prejudice,..I am resolved to leap in after.
1748 S. Richardson VII. xc. 331
I should be sorry, if I could not say, that what you have warned me of in sport, makes me tremble in earnest.
1785 W. Cowper ii. 369
He doubtless is in sport, and does but droll.
The inexhaustible variety of shades which nature, as in sport, has diffused over the surface of different bodies.
1879 F. W. Farrar I. v. xvi. 299
I have assumed that the name was given by Gentiles, and given more or less in sport.
1910 W. Boyle iv. 99
You asked me if I knew anyone who hated Mr. O'Reilly hot enough to lend you money. I suggested her—in sport.
1951 R. Graves
Let them not whisper, even in sport: ‘His Majesty's turned parsimonious And keeps no whore now but his Consort’.
1988 D. Smyth 88
He said in sport, ‘Deirdre, the look of a ewe between two rams is that look thou givest me and Eogan.’
b. to make a sport of : to make a joke or mockery of. Now archaic.
1535 Prov. x. C
A foole doth wickedly & maketh but a sporte of it.
1535 1 Esdras i. 51
Loke what God spake vnto them by his prophetes, they made but a sporte of it.
1600 W. Shakespeare ii. iii. 151
He would make but a sport of it, and torment the poore Lady worse.
1678 A. Behn iv. ii. 58
You have Sir, you wou'd say, made a sport and May-game of the ingagement of your word.
1704 C. Darby lix. 89
But thou, O Lord shalt laugh at them, And make of them a sport.
1791 H. B. Dudley iii. 67
I have met with no one except a savage train of hunters, and they made but a sport of my distress!
1830 14 Aug. 2/1
I have never made a sport of my word, and with me the obligation of an oath has always been sacred.
1865 B. Gray 200
He did not come to Allen-Dale to be made a sport of.
1915 ‘W. Bamfylde’ xvii. 195
Fate was making a sport of him.
1992 H. H. Rudnick in A.-T. Tymieniecka v. 309
Deconstruction is making a sport of received values that function as markers of orientation at least for those students who are trying to understand the basic tenets of the human condition.
P2. to make sport
a. To provide entertainment or diversion for a person. Chiefly with person as indirect object, or with for, †to.
c1475 l. 268
Men haue lytyll deynte of yowr pley Because ȝe make no sporte.
1481 in H. E. Malden
Ȝe have a fayre hawke... I trwste to God sche schall make yow and me ryught grehyt sporte.
1592 iii. i. 85
He will murther me to make him sport.
1598 W. Shakespeare iv. i. 98
This Armado is..one that makes sport To the Prince and his Booke-mates.
Interminglinge therewith onely, to make sporte, Some thinge, not warranted by any writt.
1616 J. Lane xi. 196
Hee that makes them sport shall have their hartes.
1663 A. Cowley ii. ii. 15
'Twill make us excellent sport at night.
1738 G. Lillo i. ii
Winds and waters, In their vast tennis-court, have, as a ball, Used me to make them sport.
1785 W. Cowper vi. 386
To make him sport..are causes good And just, in his account, why bird and beast Should suffer torture.
1867 J. T. Trowbridge xxviii. 254
Prudence took the stand, and made sport for the Philistines.
1909 Mrs. H. Ward ii. 47
That little Yankee girl had really made good sport all the way home.
1974 I. Opie & P. Opie 48
It would seem safe to think that Shakespeare knew a tale of blood-sniffing giants, such as those who made sport for nimble Jack.
b. To amuse or entertain oneself; to find diversion in; to be amused at or with; to make fun of, toy with. Chiefly with at, of, with.
1525 Ld. Berners tr. J. Froissart II. clx. f. clxxviiv/2
For all that they wolde not abstayne to daunce and to caroll and to make sporte [Fr. en dances en scarolles & en esbatemens] amonge the ladyes and damoselles of Auignon.
1565 J. Jewel x. 428
Nowe, if M. Hardinge, as his manner is, wil cal al these, Naked Signes, and Bare Figures, let him then remember, he maketh sporte, & game at S. Ambrose, his owne Doctour.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
ii. ii. 30
When the sunne shines, let foolish gnats make sport .
a1616 W. Shakespeare
iii. iii. 144
If I suspect without cause, Why then make sport at me, then let me be your iest.
1667 S. Pepys 28 June
How sad a thing it is when we come to make sport of proclaiming men traitors.
1699 T. Brown Let. 27 June in
I..leave the Dr. and you to make what Sport you shall think fit with me.
1709 J. Strype I. xxxvii. 424
These men..sometimes he makes sport with..and sometimes declaimes and exclaimes upon them.
1761 A. Murphy ii. 52
There is harm done—I am made sport of—exposed to derision—Oh!
1853 J. H. Newman
II. i. i. 28
The energy of these wild warriors made sport of walled cities.
1888 Mrs. H. Ward I. i. ii. 46
Among this grim and earthy crew, there was one exception, a ‘hop out of kin’, of whom all the rest made sport.
1909 A. Meynell 56
Making sport of the Philistines with a proper national sense of enjoyment of..such natural difficulties, or such misfavour of fortune, as may beset the alien.
1973 18 Dec. 1/3
He made sport of Mr Healey's implications that there should have been some direct taxation.
1998 M. Booth iv. 73
They had made sport with him, firing deliberately wide, or short.
P3. to show sport : to provide a spectacle, entertainment or diversion; (now) esp. (of a master of foxhounds) to provide good hunting. Also: (esp. of a quarry) to provide good sport by demonstrating spirit and courage. Chiefly Hunting after 17th cent.
1579 S. Gosson sig. ☞7v
If idle Drones assayle me, let them know that I shewe no sporte for them, my desire is, to seeke out meate for manly stomackes.
?1587 R. Southwell x. f.124v
It was an ordinarye pastime a monge the Romaines, for men to shew sporte in wrastelinge and striuing with Lions, and other wilde beastes, onlye for a vayne proofe, and bost of their valoure.
1607 E. Topsell 25
His Asse (being on a scaffolde to shew sport).
1699 G. Farquhar iii. 36
Sir, I scorn to shew sport to any man.
1790 ‘P. Pindar’ 34
Thus the Bag Fox (how cruelly, alack!) Turn'd out with turpentine upon his back, Amidst the war of hounds and hunters flies; Shows sport; but, luckless, by his fragrance dies!
1834 E. Bulwer-Lytton III. v. ii. 207
Eumolpus is a good second-rate swordsman;..doubtless they will shew sport. But I have no heart for the game.
1843 R. S. Surtees II. viii. 153
You..must know what a difficult thing it is to shew sport with fox-hounds.
1846 G. P. R. James i
This seems a wild boar of the forest. We must force him from his lair; and he will show sport, depend upon it.
1922 J. Eyton 52
The fox..could be relied on to show sport over any line of country; but he always baffled hounds in the finish.
1936 28 Oct. 6/1
The five packs in the shires..are sure to find that his capacity for showing sport will divert a large proportion of the usual Leicestershire visitors to his corner of the county.
1985 2 Nov. 29/6
The master of foxhounds..is appointed by an elected hunt committee to ‘show sport’.
Noun phrases with of
a. sport of nature: (in literal sense) a game played by nature, or a result of this; spec. a freak of nature; a natural curiosity, esp. a fossil; = Now chiefly historical. Cf. , .
1601 P. Holland tr. Pliny I. viii. xii. 199
What reason should a man alledge of this so mortall warre betweene them, if it be not a very sport of Nature, and pleasure that she takes, in matching these two so great enemies together, and so euen and equall in each respect? [L. quam quis aliam tantae discordiae causam attulerit nisi naturam spectaculum sibi paria componentem?]
1635 G. Hakewill
iii. ii. 230
Cockles, periwinkles and oysters of solid stone:..whither they have bin shellfish and living creatures, or else the sports of nature in her works.
1668 N. Culpeper & A. Cole tr. T. Bartholin
i. xxvii. 64
Spigelius, because he could not somtimes find it, did count it a sport of Nature.
1759 A. Butler IV. 134
They seem either petrifactions or sports of nature in uncommon chrystallizations in a mineral soil.
[1773 J. Langhorne
Thus Nature with the fabled elves We rank, and these her Sports we call.]
1822 J. M. Good IV. 249
It is in this organ more especially that rudimental attempts at fetal organization, the mere sports of nature, are frequently found produced without impregnation.
1862 R. W. Thomson xiii. 92
Another variety of the Moss [rose], which owes its origin to a sport of nature.
1889 14 427
The possibility of thus pronouncing, that ‘white-skinned descendants of black men’ are a mere sport of nature.
1902 20 448
The Sarasins, discrediting the idea that the form of these islands can be accidental or a mere sport of nature, suggest a mechanical explanation.
1944 28 Apr. 6/4
Delius... Beecham himself regards him as an unaccountable sport of nature.
2000 29 Apr. (Saturday section) 9/6
If heat and light could magic living flesh from nothing, then it could also act upon ‘lapidifying forces’ to conjure up stony little jests, sports of nature, testaments to God's mysterious ways.
sport of kings n. (with the)
(c) horse racing (now the usual sense);
[a1668 W. Davenant
For I must go where lazy Peace, Will hide her drouzy head; And, for the sport of Kings, encrease The number of the Dead.
1702 E. Ward 11
War is the Sport of Kings and mighty Lords.]
1735 W. Somervile i. 14
My hoarse-sounding Horn Invites thee to the Chace, the Sport of Kings, Image of War, without its Guilt.
Ths War to Britain sure Destruction brings, War Bane of Subjects, and the Sport of Kings.
1843 R. S. Surtees I. xiii. 253
'Unting is the sport of kings, the image of war without its guilt, and only five-and-twenty per cent. of its danger!
1859 H. H. Dixon 85
The names of ‘Bolton’, ‘Queensberry’, and ‘Rockingham’ had, it is true, lent lustre to ‘the sport of kings’.
1886 27 Mar. 4/1
The decay of hunting would be little short of a national calamity. The sport of kings exercises a healthy influence upon the national character, because it affords an opportunity of keen enjoyment to both gentle and simple.
1918 G. Frankau
II. xxi. 130
Weep for the King of Sports, the Sport of Kings;..On thousand tracks, unridden, desolate, Hay waves from winning-post to starting-gate.
1935 T. Blake iii. 66
News reels and still cameramen will be on hand to shoot the thrilling rides that always accompany big surf, so the rest of the world may see the ‘sport of kings’ by picture.
1961 L. Mumford ii. 44
With concentration on war as the supreme ‘sport of kings’, an ever larger portion of the city's new resources..went into the manufacture of new weapons.
1968 W. Warwick 1
Surfriding was practised almost exclusively by members of Hawaiian royal families: hence surfriding's now anachronistic title, ‘Sport of Kings’.
1998 T. Clancy xxxii. 592
That was the real sport of kings, training a hawk to hunt off your fist for you. I might do some of that myself in a few years.
Such is the popularity of the sport of Kings in Scotland, that..the Scottish racing industry as a whole contributes £213 million to the economy.
P5. be a sport: (in optative use) act in a generous and sportsmanlike way.
1913 21 May 405
I say, old chap, I've not had a smoke for half-an-hour, so I think I'll go on top. Be a sport and go inside with the women, will you?
1931 W. Faulkner vi. 57
‘Come on,’ Temple said. ‘Be a sport. It wont take you any time in that Packard.’
1945 E. Waugh i. v. 104
Be a sport, handsome: no one's seen anything but you.
1996 R. Mistry
Wait, Hosa, wait, one more kabab, it's delicious, believe me, one more, come on, be a sport.
.Some of the more established compounds of this type are treated separately.
a. With the first element in singular form.
a1586 Sir P. Sidney
iii. sig. Ll1v
Such a sport-meeting, when rather some song of loue, or matter for ioyfull melody was to be brought forth.
No. 81. 304
He kept all Manner of Sport Hounds, that ran Buck, Fox, Hare, Otter, and Badger.
1898 A. B. Gomme II. 463
Imitation of Sport Games. All a Row. Cock-fight. Hare and Hounds. Hunting. Knights. Puff in the Dart.
1913 26 Mar. 22/2
The growing armoury of sport equipment may be made to supply examples for the illustration of dynamics and physics.
1989 D. Morrow & M. Keyes 316
Distrustful sport fans believed that the Sun..‘ghost-wrote’ the cleverly worded letter.
1996 Oct. 7/2
The society is calling for all sport coaches and teachers of dance to obtain a copy of the new booklet and to promote better bone health in these young women.
b. With the first element in plural form.
1870 W. Collins 82/2
The exhibition, out of doors (on Sports-day), of what the boys can do with their bodies.
1890 D. H. Edwards 119
He took..the silver medal for pole-vaulting at the Inter-University sports competition.
1916 6 Jan. 1/6
Cole was well known to sports fans.
1923 12 May 12
True sportsfolk find an added delight in what may be called their ‘gear’.
1925 W. Deeping xvi. §4
He went..with a school-kit... He had his ‘sports-box’, and a pound in pocket-money.
1951 15 Dec. 4
For many years sports historians have been searching unsuccessfully for a copy.
1976 26 Nov. 28/8
The British team who won the Olympic Pentathlon event were named the sportsteam of the year.
1999 J. Updike
A wealth of special sports equipment—sleds, ice skates, skis, snowboards—emerges to harvest fun from the cold.
15 Feb. 6
Sports coaches are to get more funds to help them gain more qualifications.
Designating clothing, shoes, etc., for informal or sporting wear. See also
(a) With the first element in plural form, as sports clothes, sports skirt, etc.
1910 5 Mar. 13/6
New shaped or pleated walking or sports skirt.
1922 23 June 23/2
A great many of the new sports clothes are shown with the divided skirt and pantalette cuff.
1930 J. Buchan xii. 191
At a small draper's..a jacket of rough tweed was purchased—what is known in the trade as a ‘sports’ line.
1942 20 Apr. 2/6
Suede Sports Shoe with pure plantation crepe sole.
1967 N. Freeling 70
She was the kind of woman that would not look her best in sports clothes.
1989 R. MacNeil iii. 79
No one had sports clothes in those days.
2004 H. Kunzru
On the north side of the border is an outlet mall, where..piles of discount jeans and sports shoes are sold.
(b) With the first element in singular form, as sport shoe, sport skirt, sport suit, etc.
1914 Aug. 88/3
She says they are ‘sport’ hats.
1917 16 Mar. 3/6
Sale of women's separate sport skirts at $6.95.
1925 2 May 10
Sport shoes of smoked elk and tan calf, with crepe rubber sole and heel.
1927 P. Bottome iv. 57
The happy princess..beautiful in her English ‘sport suit’ and crushed felt hat.
1937 M. Levin 13
She dressed spiffy with wrap-around sport skirts.
1950 M. Huxley Let. 21 June in A. Huxley
When you order shirts please ask whether they have an Airtex blue with sport collar, long sleeves; that is a collar which at will is worn with or without tie.
1955 P. Chayefsky Mother in 200
Boss. Hello, Jerry? This is Sam... Jerry, how about that fifty dozen faille sport suits.
1987 30 July b8/4
‘Cross Trainer’ men's garment leather sport shoe.
2001 Oct. 46
Another item that's literally popping out of industrial labs is Festo's Airhopper sport shoe.
Designating low-built cars designed for performance at high speeds, or (in extended use) powerful, lightweight motorcycles, designed for optimal speed and handling. Frequently designating a lower-built or higher-speed version of another specified model.
(a) With the first element in plural form. See also , .
1919 11 Apr. 2/5
Special sports model; beautiful long, low-built, stream-line body.
Lea-Francis (sports models).
1933 9 Dec. 962/1
This Rover four-door sports saloon is mounted on the new Rover ‘Twelve’ chassis.
1936 ‘N. Blake’ iii. 46
A Lagonda sports-tourer.
1963 R. H. Morrieson
The white sports-job roared up and stopped.
1967 N. Freeling 39
It is not far..especially for the fast sports coupé.
1971 ‘D. Shannon’ iv. 68
I don't somehow think Mrs. Franks drives a Mercedes sports model.
1993 Jan. 57/1
The ZZ-R..is..a lovely sports-tourer, big yet easy and comfortable to ride.
1998 Sept. 135/3
That genteel sports-tourer turns into rocketship, with a raspy roar you can enjoy even through earplugs.
(b) With the first element in singular form. See also , .
1919 15 Sept. 11/8
Lozier Sport Roadster, 6-cylinder. $500.
1927 Feb. 159/1
Laban, furious, mounts his Sport-model Camel and takes after the elopers.
1964 2 Oct. 59/1
There's racy new hardtop styling on every Corvair Sport Coupe and Sport Sedan.
1990 29 Sept. (Colour Suppl.) 14/2
In fact its performance isn't just the best of any people carrier, it matches many a sport saloon.
1998 Sept. 39/3
Sport models have an extended wheelbase offering a more comfortable ride and better handling.
a. Objective, instrumental, adverbial, etc., as sport-lover, sport-maker, etc., nouns; sport-loving, sport-mad, sport-minded, etc., adjs.
1582 R. Stanyhurst tr. Virgil iv. 84
When she the weeds Troian dyd marck, and sporte breder old bed.
1611 R. Cotgrave
Badin,..a Iugler, Tumbler, or any such sport-maker.
a1625 J. Fletcher Womans Prize i. ii, in F. Beaumont & J. Fletcher
What a grief of heart is't,..to lie and tell The clock o'th longs, to rise sport-starv'd?
1631 J. Mabbe tr. F. de Rojas xii. 137
O troublesome and sport-hindring doores.
1750 ‘Beelzebub’ 62
You must be the Sport-maker for him and his Companions.
See the sport loving high mettled steed spurn the ground.
1858 A. Mayhew 103
The sport-loving gent.
1861 G. H. Kingsley in F. Galton 124
Two or three birds,..affording no sport themselves, and not permitting any sport-affording bird to approach their haunts.
1865 Dec. 448/1
The sport-loving traveller would frequently indulge in what we should call a decidedly sensational pastime, which he called ‘blackbird shooting’. But this sort of thing is all of the past now.
1895 21 Jan. 7/7
Five dozen..of these sport-giving fish [i.e. perch].
1897 29 343/2
Four sport-loving young women.
1929 12 Jan. 3
To-day the thoughts of sport-lovers will be spread over thirty-two battle-grounds, where the third round of the F.A. Cup competition will be fought.
1960 V. Jenkins vii. 103
The people of Christchurch are extremely sport-minded.
2000 P. A. Horton in J. A. Mangan & J. Nauright iv. 66
In the twentieth century DH Lawrence believed Australia to be a vast land devoid of speech and inhabited by sport-obsessed barbarians.
b. With first element in plural form, as sports-holding, sports-loving, sports-minded, etc., adjs.; sports lover, etc., nouns. See also .
1895 29 Apr. 7/2
So now sixteen sports-holding clubs have resolved to form a Scottish Amateur Athletic Union.
1911 22 Nov. 5/2
The sports-loving instincts of the population are well known.
1912 22 Nov. 4/1
The sincere booster and sports lover.
1929 17 Dec. 12/1
Sports-minded clergy and co-workers of the young men.
1960 I. Cross iii. 76
She was not exactly sports-minded.
1981 5 July (Mag. section) 7/4
Our younger readers will be going off..to sports-orientated country or seaside camps and hostels.
10 Mar. (House & Home) 11
Everybody is very sports-minded in Switzerland, probably because the mountains and lakes present a lot of opportunities for being outdoors.
With the first element in plural form.
Designating places where sport is played, esp. structures designed for this purpose.A number of these terms may be found earlier when preceded by athletic.
1907 7 Jan. 5/1
A committee was appointed to consider..establishing a general sports centre for the island.
1973 27 July (Leisure Suppl.) p. i/2
The Sports Council..claimed that England and Wales need 842 indoor multi-purpose sports centres built by 1981 to supply the leisure demands of the public.
1998 7 May 14/2
Outside, there is a grassy patch surrounded by modern blocks containing ‘living units’, a sports centre, an education block,..and an all-weather sports pitch.
1882 1 Nov. 8/4
The Derby Midland Club..needs a general name (say, Field Club, or Sports Club).
1965 ‘J. le Carré’ xii. 145
I got the knife at cost..through the sports club.
1997 J. Hawes
If I joined a sports club I would be relegating myself voluntarily, suicidally, to the new underclass of fat, bald tossers.
1912 16 Apr. 2/1
Among the attractions on the Titanic were Turkish and electric baths, swimming pools, tennis courts, ballroom,..gymnasium and a sports deck.
1981 J. M. Brinnin
The sports deck echoing with the click of the discs used in shuffleboard.
1991 Nov. 37/2
Two of the ship's features which have disappeared from some newer cruise vessels are a semi-enclosed promenade deck (useful on winter voyages) and a separate sports deck.
1877 29 Dec. Suppl. 1/2
A day or two later a purse which had been dropped on the sports field on Whit-Monday, was returned.
You must give houses, schools, baths, gardens, and sports fields to the working Fascist people.
The great community spirit has enabled a children's play park to be established,..and more recently a sports field which has a beautiful pavillion.
1862 17 Dec. 1/4
The annual contest for prizes for athletic sports, will take place to-morrow, at 3 o'clock, on the sports ground near the Cedars.
1933 J. Buchan iv. i. 325
The aeroplane..had landed in the sports ground of the factory.
1995 K. Toolis
Harlow, with its planned estates..multi-storey car parks and purpose-built sports grounds, is stamped with the optimistic vision of Britain's state planners of the 1950s.
1919 22 Apr. 14/2
National sports hall and ground.
1943 94 68/1
The Mässhallen in Gothenburg—a large covered sports hall in steel, concrete and siporex—is also by Eriksson.
2001 Sept. 150/2
The council allowed our client's team to play five-a-side in a sports hall where they knew that the roof had been leaking.
1913 2 Sept. 3/5
An unsuccessful attempt, presumably the work of suffragists, was made on Sunday to burn down the sports pavilion of the International Correspondence Schools Athletic Ground, Manor-park, Hampstead.
1931 ‘G. Trevor’ ii. 42
The pair had reached the sports pavilion.
1993 9 Oct. (Science Sport Suppl.) 14/1
He thinks that some athletes may be at higher risk of problem drinking than nonathletes, as ‘the opportunity to drink is often present in the sports pavilion’.
1911 5 Dec. 8/1
The sports stadium is at the southern boundary of the Exhibition.
1963 J. Comay viii. 129
The Maccabiah, an ‘Olympic Games’ for Jewish athletes..takes place in the huge Ramat Gan Sports Stadium.
1999 13 Aug. 24/1
Whatever you intend to specialise in—houses, offices, shops, warehousing, sports stadia.., you will find Easibrief an indispensable reference companion.
Designating a retailer of sportswear or sporting equipment.
1898 17 June 2/4
Sports Department. A fresh arrival of cricket bats, cricket balls, [etc.].
1975 G. Howell 80/1
Jean Patou's new sports department sells jersey and marocain bathing suits.
21 Sept. a1
A state investigator saw an NCR worker go to the back of a Wal-Mart, grab some free weights from the sports department, and plunk them on a scale to test its accuracy.
[1886 15 May 13/2
Ellson, Cave John, Loughborough, rope and twine maker, and British sports outfitter.]
1890 13 Dec. 6/4
Elizabeth Bailey Vetch, sports outfitter,..brought an action against J. Lathbury Ash.
1992 5 May d1/2
He passes a sports outfitter named USA Sport.
1915 30 July 4/3
Every sports shop shows them, and they complete every smart sports costume.
1996 D. Brimson & E. Brimson iii. 36
We positively refuse to go into sports shops which stock their kit (fortunately few and far between anyway).
With reference to media coverage of sporting events.
1923 14 Sept. 15/3
Radio editor for the Wireless Age, and sports announcer for the Radio Corporation of America.
2000 J. M. Gray 87
‘Who wrote this shit?’ demands the sports announcer in a voice loud enough for an alert viewer to pick it up on mike spill.
1923 29 May 6/4
The veteran sports columnist of the Kansas City Post.
2001 B. Broady 184
If the football or rugby league teams managed to string even a couple of wins together, the previously cynical local sports columnists would now pump up expectations.
1919 17 Aug. 16/4
‘Well, Mike, old timer. I am on my new job’, his letter says. ‘Working on the sports desk’.
1968 D. Francis viii. 101
The sports desk is a big asset to the paper.
2003 Apr. 26 a2/3
The late-night jockeying of playoff hockey is hell on wheels for night editors, especially on the sports desk.
1913 6 Apr. 1/3
Everybody talking about the big sports edition and everybody reading one.
1959 M. Shadbolt 75
Mr Jackson lay belly-upwards on an unshaded part of the baked-brittle back lawn. The Saturday sports edition covered his face.
6 May 12
The Saturday night sports editions disappeared from London decades ago, but they held their ground in the leading provincial footballing centres.
1897 28 June 10/3
As sports editor or correspondent. Football, Cricket, &c.; also dramatic.
1902 E. Banks 237
The sports-editor devoted his hitherto undiscovered talents to evolving alliterative headlines.
1999 Mar. 8/2
It's always dangerous when sports editors start writing ‘think’ pieces.
1931 3 July
Some of the other ‘big shots’ in sports journalism.
3 Feb. 12
The hero-to-zero phenomenon is probably most noticeable in sports journalism.
1923 Advt. in B. Wells (end matter)
The author, a well-known sports journalist of thirty years' experience, gossips pleasantly on the great glove game during this period.
2003 19 Dec. 24/4
When a sports journalist strays from his specialism, subs should be extra vigilant and look out for factual howlers.
1905 30 Nov. 4/5
In sports news, The Register and Leader also leads, no other Iowa paper publishing so many baseball and football results.
1967 P. M. Hubbard
There was some sports news, a city page of surprising sophistication and a sprinkling of..foreign news.
1993 16 Jan. 16/2
He made the international sports news when he held off the world's best to lead the Tour du Pont for five days in May.
1906 23 Sept. 12/7
The sports page of the Burlington Hawk-Eye last Sunday was edited by Manager Ned Egan of the Pathfinders.
1930 J. B. Priestley ii. 57
Mr. Smeeth..arrived at the sports page, where the prospects of certain women golfers were discussed at considerable length.
1976 L. Henderson ii. 11
Milton glanced only briefly at the headlines of the newspaper before he turned to the sports pages.
1999 15 July 11/2
The sports pages are the most-read section of the newspaper, and the columnists are the panzer commanders of the circulation wars.
1925 15 Aug. 6/3
Special sports programme.
1973 J. Porter vi. 60
He sat in front of the television watching that sports programme.
25 Apr. (TV Wales Suppl.) 3/1
They're still relegated to one minute fill-ins on sports programmes and have to raise personal contributions towards taking part in the tournament.
1911 24 Mar. 4/5
[He] is now a sports reporter on the Minneapolis Tribune.
2004 10 Aug. (Review section) 8/1
CNN has insisted that its sports reporters have ‘hostile environment’ training before covering the Olympics.
1912 15 June 1/1
A well-edited sports section, contributed to by experts.
1940 G. Marx Let. in G. Marx et al.
I picked up the paper Tuesday morning, nervously turned to the sports section.
2004 12 Jan. (Media section) 8/1
We expect not just a newspaper, but also a weekend section, an arts section, a blow-by-blow sports section, [etc.].
1913 31 Mar. 2/1
This organization..did a great deal to bring the art of sports writing in this circuit up to a high standing.
2004 29 Mar. 53/1
Combat journalism is prone to some of the same sins as sportswriting.
1920 8 Feb. (Mag. section) 9/2
It might have been different had his home life not been all cluttered in the smart, dog loving, sports mad colony.
1963 24 May 370/2
1991 16 Apr. 10/1
It did this by striking at the pride and chauvinism of a sports-mad nation.
With the first element in the singular.
1916 4 June 26/4
$1.50 silk novelty sport bags 89c. Chic bags in colors to match sport costumes, afternoon dresses and street suits.
1930 30 Nov. 6/4
Sport bags. For golf togs. For shoes. The smartest bag.
2004 K. Klatt xxvii. 196
Brian, freshly showered and carrying a sport bag full of sweaty gear.
sport bike n.
(a) a bicycle designed for general recreational use;
(b) a powerful, lightweight motorcycle, designed for optimal speed and handling.
1937 8 Oct. d10
Sport bike... Safe,..because of the nationally-famous coaster brake wide braced handlebars and deep tread balloon tires.
1964 7 Oct. 14/2
Win a new sport bike with hot rod motor!
1991 Apr. 21/1
Because sport bikes are not as light in weight as racing bikes, they are sturdier and more durable.
2003 J. N. Luftman ii. iii. 64
A high-performance Japanese sport bike, which has 150 horsepower.
sport bra n.
(a) U.S. a (usually midriff-baring) top resembling a brassiere, used for sunbathing and casual summer wear (now rare);
(b) a brassiere providing extra support for use during vigorous exercise (cf. ).
1945 12 Apr. 8/1
See our bareable little swim suits—‘midriff’ play suits—bareback pinafores—crisp shorts—and sport bras.
1962 20 Aug. iv. 8
Sport bra. Five section cup, one-section elastic keeps strap in place and does not cut or dig shoulders.
2006 13 Jan. 10/5
More than three quarters of..women who take regular exercise risk irreversibly sagging breasts because they do not wear sport bras.
sport car n. chiefly U.S. = .
1916 10 Jan. iii-3/1
The Packard..attracted much favorable comment, especially the finely designed roadster or sport car.
1927 U. Sinclair iv. 80
But that didn't trouble Mr. Bankside, who had already..bought himself..a big new limousine, also a ‘sport-car’.
1978 J. Irving xiv. 280
The man's sport car still chugged like an animal.
1992 2 July d 1/2
You think a bozo with a chart can keep track of those vans, sedans, sport cars and viper-stompin' 'Vettes?
1939 14 6
Newspaper and magazine columns..‘Sportorial’, ‘Sportcast’, ‘Sportlight’.
19 Sept. 9
WRNR also was named first for the best regularly scheduled sportcast for the fifth straight year.
1938 28 Dec. 30/4
Jim Britt, WBEN sportcaster, promised a copy of a set of health rules to any listeners who would write in.
Why have so many sportcasters lately been gushing about..him?
1934 24 Apr. 8/4
Ellis Vander Pyle..is doing the sportcasting for station WCAR, Cleveland.
6 Mar. 52
Caray's strength as a broadcaster leaned far more toward entertainment than the highly professional sportcasting of McDonough.
sport climb n. a route prepared for or used in sport climbing; an act of climbing such a route.
1989 23 Oct. c12/1
Heated debates erupt over whether drilling and placing the many bolts needed for a sport climb actually equals defacement of the rock.
1993 Nov. 55/1
On the Diamond buttress nearest to the viaduct there's Easyover,..one of Scotland's hardest sport climbs.
15 Feb. c3
From there, the right equipment for sport climbs completes the starter kit for new enthusiasts.
sport climber n. a participant in sport climbing.
1973 3 June 7/1
They enjoy the risks involved in exactly the same way the sport climbers do.
1989 4 Apr. 40/8
Ambitious young rock gymnasts delighted by the prospect opening up of Olympic stardom and a lucrative living as sport climbers.
The rocky notch is the border between the well-traveled Bridget Wilderness, with its web of maintained trails, dayhikers and sport climbers, and the virtually empty and trail-less Fitzpatrick Wilderness.
sport climbing n. recreational or competitive climbing; spec. a form of climbing in which participants tackle overhanging or otherwise difficult rock faces, in which there are usually bolts already in place.
1974 J. Greiner 98
The pilot..was building a solid reputation servicing scientific expeditions in the Alaskan mountains, and..word of his abilities was beginning to spill over into the world of sport climbing.
14 Oct. d2
In fact, the new breed has turned the activity into what Ridgeway calls ‘sport climbing’... ‘They treat rock faces like an outdoor gym. It's short, difficult climbs that you might have to work a year or two to prepare for.’
1998 May 8/2
Despite his success in the field of sport climbing Steve still prefers traditional routes.
1917 11 Feb. 4/4
The motor or sport coat for general wear.
1946 17 May 35/8
And to think I've been afraid to be seen outside in my new sport coat!
2000 R. Mroz xii. 124
I used to comfortably conceal a 4-inch L-frame S&W 686 .357 Magnum under a sport coat.
1937 10 Aug. 12/1
The track will be the Good Time track, the scene Goshen, and the crowd the combination of shirt-sleeved farmers and sport-coated socialites that has cheered him in a score of other efforts.
23 Oct. c4
The development workers were holding wine glasses at dangerous angles as they excitedly grabbed each others' sport-coated elbows.
sport diver n. a person who participates in sport diving.
1953 17 May (Southland Mag.) 3
The steadfast adherents of skin diving scoff at sport divers because they use breathing apparatuses.
27 Dec. a5
Most of the studied wrecks rest 40 to 50 metres below the surface, slightly deeper than sport divers venture.
sport diving n. the sport or recreational activity of swimming underwater with breathing apparatus; scuba diving; cf.
1953 17 May (Southland Mag.) 3
Later, there developed what now is called sport diving.
19 Dec. 27
An underwater exhibition isn't complete without recognition of the greatest pioneer of sport diving.
1983 9 Nov. a6/
You'd think that many of the sport drinks would help us put back what our bodies have used up.
27 Mar. 15
A hypotonic sport drink which doesn't run through the body as quickly as plain water does, thus helping performers avoid the ever present risk of fatigue through dehydration.
[ < + , probably after German Sportfest (early 20th cent. or earlier)]
1919 16 May 12/2
Entries received here today from Indiana State Normal and Rose Polytechnic Institute caused the total number of athletes who will compete in the I.C.A.L. sportfest Saturday to advance to eighty-six.
1937 W. H. Auden in W. H. Auden & L. MacNeice xi. 147
The sport-fest was a primitive affair. Some part singing..and a swimming race.
29 Sept. 15
How do you make grown men cry? Oblige them to forgo their Saturday afternoon sportfest for a bout of retail therapy.
sport fish n.
originally and chiefly North American a fish caught for sport rather than for food.
1915 17 Dec. 11/2
Everyone is delighted with the handsome specimens of Maine's sport fish which Curator James has already placed in the aquarium.
1950 E. Bradner iii. i. 172
As a sport fish, the salmon is highly valued by the anglers of the Pacific Coast.
1971 18 June 422/3
The billfishes of the family Istiophoridae, which include several well known sportfish such as the sailfish, the marlins, and spearfishes.
2003 May 46/3
There's always grayling, one of Alaska's most enjoyable sport fish.
sport fisher n. originally and chiefly North American
(a) = ;
(b) = .
1902 W. H. Gregg & J. Gardner 9
The above mentioned factors have measurably decreased the number of fishes, but there are still enough left to satisfy the average sport fisher.
1940 27 Oct. d7/8
Sport fisher 24x8, 1940... Large self-bailing cockpit.
1979 39 322
Special-interest blocs of voters (sport fishers, for one).
2006 S. Hamblin 358
For a..trip on a 28-foot sport fisher, contact Spinning Dolphin Fishing Charters.
sport fisherman n. originally and chiefly North American
(a) a person who engages in sportfishing;
(b) a seagoing boat equipped for sportfishing.
1915 G. A. Cleveland 164
Oh, I didn't know but you might be one o' them ere Boston sport fishermen, them's what they were.
1937 15 July 9/3
From the small family cruiser to this year's new sport fisherman the booklet takes up in detail the different stock and custom built craft.
1999 17 Oct. v. 8/3
He operated his own sportfisherman off Cuba for giant marlin.
Sport fishermen have been coming for decades to land yellowfin tuna, marlin, red snapper and other varieties.
sportfishery n. originally and chiefly North American a fishery for rearing fish for sportfishing.
1930 10 Apr. 14/6
The authorities had the whole-hearted cooperation of anglers in the district in their effort to build up a new sport fishery in that part of the country.
Sport fishery abstracts.
1994 14 14
White bass were recruited to the sport fishery in their second year of life.
sportfishing n. originally and chiefly North American the sport or pastime of fishing with a rod and line; angling.
1910 C. G. Holder in i. 201
Sport fishing in California and Florida.
1926 15 July 5/3
Something had to be done in order to save the sport fishing of Vancouver Island.
1978 A. Gilchrist v. 36
The Icelandic government (well aware of the amount of money which sport-fishing brings into the country) takes care of the availability of salmon in two important ways.
2005 Jan. (Austral. Life Suppl.) 37/3
Those interested in sportfishing can try their luck with queenfish, giant trevally and golden trevally using light tackle, or chase larger black jewfish, marlin and sailfish further offshore.
sport-fucking n. U.S. coarse slang copulation engaged in solely for sport or recreation; casual sex.
1968 P. Newman in July 69
There was sport fucking. There was mercy fucking.
1993 Sept. 111/1
Sorry, sport-fucking has never been my event.
1996 12 July 87
McBride talks frankly about life on the A-list and the sport fucking that filled his days and nights.
sport horse n. a horse used for hunting, racing, or competitive equestrian events.
1917 24 June (Mag. section) 18/1
U.S. sport horses too small for war. Little danger of hunters, saddlers or polo ponies being commandeered.
The book..goes into horsemanship in general including its history, hunting and hunters, and the training and care of sport horses.
2005 27 Aug. 16/1
One application that has received less attention shows a surprising amount of promise: cloning sport horses. These are the animals that compete in events such as dressage, cross-country and show jumping.
1917 25 Mar. 9/6
New pointed jacket and plaited sport jacket models.
1920 6 July 16/5
These are stylish, roomy Sport Jackets.
1998 R. Stone vii. 64
In a tweed sport jacket and an English bookie's cap he accosted tourists at the bus station or the tourist office.
1949 9 June 14/1
A husky sport-jacketed stranger faced him over the counter.
2006 2 Feb. 15/4
Roberts is best known for playing Woody Allen's sport-jacketed pal in films like Annie Hall and Play It Again, Sam.
sport psychologist n. = .
1916 4 Feb. 7/4
Bud Smith..put Mike Sweeney, who is to be adviser at Yale, in the very front rank as a sport psychologist.
1970 1 38
The main task of sport psychologists is to observe, and attend to, any problems that may arise in top-level athletes.
2000 C. A. Oglesby et al. 136
She used a private coach and, unusual for the time, her own sport psychologist.
1929 37 91
This new science of sport psychology.
1966 A. M. Olsen in F. Antonelli
Human motor learning and the fundamental, theoretical bases of human movement should be a major concern of sport psychology.
1998 R. S. Griffin i. 2
For some time I have had a professional interest in exploring sport psychology and coaching strategies.
sport seat n. originally and chiefly U.S.
(a) = ;
(b) = .
1948 15 Sept. 1/3
Sport seats for the game... After you have tried one of these comfortable seats you would not do without it for all the tea in China.
1965 12 Apr. 20/1
This is a real luxury car, with custom interior trim, custom sport seat with folding center armrest.
1991 June 58
And such luxury options as a CD player, moonroof and 7-way driver's sport seat.
17 Feb. e1
This latest major tournament meant doubling his pro shop and outside staff, and stocking and then reordering popular accessories like portable sport seats.
1914 18 July 20/2
‘Piping Rock’ Sport Shirt,..For Athletic Men.
1966 H. Kemelman
The local chief of police was wearing a sport shirt and chinos.
1994 Feb. 85/2
Curtis dresses in tan chinos, a bright blue sport shirt, and a tan beret.
sportspeak n. freq. depreciative the language or jargon typically used to describe sport.
1968 30 May 5 c/3
Historians of sportspeak claim that it is neither new nor particularly American.
21 Sept. 27
He combined un-English self-praise with a refreshing turn of phrase, alien to the mumbling sport-speak of the home-grown manager.
† sport staff n. Scottish Obsolete rare a quarterstaff used for exercise or practice.
In hambringing and taking agane to Edinburgh the sport stafes and gownes.
sport ute n. North American =
1989 15 July j4/1
The next 12 months will see four-door sport-utes from GM, Ford, Nissan and others.
2001 Apr. 30/3
Chrysler will debut a Dodge Durango sport-ute with electric drive for the front axle and gasoline for the rear.
sport utility n. originally and chiefly North American
(a) attributive designating a coat or other article of outerwear designed for outdoor work and recreation (now rare);
(b) a vehicle designed for recreational use; (now) esp. = (chiefly attributive).
1925 29 Sept. 6
Worn the world over—most generally accepted of sport utility coats.
1950 13 Aug. s4
New, fast, seaworthy 22′×5′ sport utility.
1991 12 Aug. 73/3
And that, after all, is what sport-utilities are about.
1993 24 Apr. e1/1
1993 marks the third model year for the uppity sport utility 4-door.
2001 8 July a1/5
It also has been active at the grass-roots level, including a rally outside sport-utility dealerships in Lynn.
sport utility vehicle n. originally and chiefly North American a four-wheel drive motor vehicle that can be used for recreational off-road driving (abbreviated SUV).
1969 27 Feb. 25/5
Chevrolet's new four-wheel-drive blazer, new sport-utility vehicle combines comfort, power, lots of options.
2000 4 Jan. 12/3
President Clinton announces a plan to make sport utility vehicles meet the same emissions standards as cars to reduce air pollution.
sport vehicle n. originally and chiefly North American a vehicle intended for sporting or recreational use; spec. =
1929 27 Aug. 16/2
The most hopeful thing about this record is that the gain shown was in commercial and sport vehicles rather than in the military models [of aeroplane].
1968 6 Nov. 8/2
Enthusiasm for off-the-road driving has pushed annual sales of four-wheel-drive sport vehicles to a record of more than $145 million.
20 Nov. a9
Police arrested him for suspected drunken driving after his 2005 Suzuki sport-vehicle struck a tree.
1954 13 Aug. 22/1
Studebaker... Overdrive, white walls, wire sport wheels.
3 Feb. 12
Other than a new set of 15-inch sport wheels, the Waja has not been modified further.
1898 26 Jan. 1/5
According to the sport writer who makes batsmen boot to the outfield and firstbasemen make one armed throws to third.
20 June 8
A fortnight ago came another successful match for the Finn, though the kind sport writers are obliged to state was made in heaven.
With the first element in plural form.
sports agent n. a person who represents a professional athlete in financial and contractual matters.
1943 17 Nov. 9/3
‘I can put together a stellar representation,’..said the veteran sports agent.
2000 S. King 239
Sports agents represent minor leaguers who are basically playing for meal-money, in hopes that their young clients will make it to the bigs.
sports anaemia n. Medicine a typically mild degree of anaemia associated with intensive physical training and having a number of contributory factors, including increased destruction of red blood cells and plasma volume expansion.
1970 28 451
Anemia during physical training (sports anemia).
1977 27 413
Sports anemia induced by tennis training or exercising on a bicycle ergometer was studied in healthy male students.
21 Aug. e9
I presumed that the diagnosis was sports anemia because neither further testing nor treatment was suggested.
sports bag n. (originally) a bag designed to accessorize informal or casual attire (cf. ); (now chiefly) a bag designed to carry sports equipment or clothing.
1916 17 July 5/3
Sports Bag to match Coat.
1934 27 May 3 b/2
Zipper closed utility sports bag. For swimming. For picnicing.
1999 S. Bishop in J. Gay & J. Bell 147
All I've got is some Gap gear I just threw into a sportsbag along with the tinnies.
sports bar n. originally U.S. a bar with a sporting theme; esp. one where non-stop televised sport is shown.
1975 27 Jan. 16/4
Frequenting a popular Washington sports bar and restaurant.
1995 30 July 20/3
When cable television companies launched round-the-clock sports channels, sports bars took off in the US in a big way.
2003 13 Jan. 42/2
The sound of televised baseball in a Yank-style sports bar tucked in a Venetian side street can be heard many blocks away deep inside the vast Piazza San Marco.
sports bike n.
(a) = ;
(b) = .
1953 28 Apr. 29/2
Man's Rawley Sports Bike.
1966 1 Aug. 5/5
There are an assortment of popular sports bikes. The Ducati and Guzzi are made in Italy..and the Yamaha comes from Japan.
1993 23 510
Racing, touring and sports bikes are generally referred to by mountain bikers under the blanket term of road bikes.
2001 Feb. 177
Under that rather staid exterior beats the 150bhp engine from the mental YZF-R1 sportsbike.
sports boat n. a powerful, high-speed boat, esp. one used for racing.
1945 G. E. Pendray xii. 172
It would not be surprising if sports boats and special purpose utility boats of various sorts were to undergo radical redesign in the near future.
2005 15 July 20/2
Robin won his last race aboard his sportsboat, ‘Risque’, crewed by his wife.
sports bra n. a brassiere providing extra support for use during vigorous exercise.
[1917 3 June (Fashion section) 4/1
A sports brassiere for horseback riding and bathing which could be worn without any corsets or with just the rubber sports corsets.]
1936 8 Feb. 13
Slip-over sports bra of firm, open mesh lastex.
2006 13 Mar. 23/3
You will have to choose between the two types of sports bras—compression or encapsulation.
sports car n. a low-built car designed for performance at high speeds, often having a roof that can be folded back.
1919 12 Nov. 6/2
The sports car, however, is not everybody's vehicle.
1932 G. Winn xviii. 350
She nourished a wild hope that..she would find Derek's silver sports car standing outside.
1977 C. McCullough xviii. 484
He pushed on, gunned the red sports car up..the Domokos Pass.
2005 T. Hall vii. 157
Four or five Bangladeshi teenagers crowded round a new sports car in which the owner sat.
sportscast n. a radio or television broadcast of a sporting event or sports news.
1930 16 Mar. a5/5
Sportscasts, by Grantland Rice, WRC.
1976 H. Nielsen i. 11
The sportscast on the portable TV was in progress.
1992 9 Mar. 53/2
Nature films are like highlight clips shown on the evening sportscast, all rim-bending slam dunks and bleacher-clearing home runs.
sportscaster n. North American a person who presents a sportscast, or commentates on a broadcasted sporting event.
1930 28 Sept. 37/5
What we call wasted energy is the sportscasters who still announce each evening how many games the New York Yankees are leading the Boston Red Sox.
1938 13 239
Note that newscaster and sportscaster are now common terms in Variety.
1952 B. Wolfe xx. 323
With each passing day the sportscaster's voice lost a few more decibels of its professional bounce.
1964 M. McLuhan xxx. 303
A sportscaster had just begun his fifteen-minute reading from a script.
1981 ‘E. McBain’ iii. 51
The sportscaster read off the baseball scores.
2004 16 Dec. 89/1
Which is the most insufferable? Duke's obnoxious fans, its floor-slapping players or the sportscasters who mindlessly drool over both?
sportscasting n. the broadcasting of sport on radio or television.
1941 30 June 54/3
As was to be expected, Corum, an old hand at sportscasting turned in a top job.
1969 C. Armstrong xii. 125
J sat all the way through the sportscasting.
2003 20 Oct. 24/3
Rush's move..into the media mainstream—with his ESPN sportscasting job—is also a leap.
sports channel n. a (satellite or cable) television channel which is devoted to sport and coverage of sporting events.
1973 10 Mar. 9/6
There may be many pay-TV channels—a showcase movie channel, a sports channel, an opera channel, even a Walt Disney channel.
1997 G. Williams xxiv. 154
Punters didn't have to watch abseiling from Latvia on a sports channel while sitting on a wood-effect stool that had been screwed to the floor.
sports clinic n.
(a) North American an event at which instruction or coaching in a particular sport or sports is given;
(b) a clinic dedicated to the treatment of injuries sustained during or caused by participation in sport.
1933 22 Apr. 6/4
A sports clinic, a football game, five track meets and sundry college baseball battles are offered to Ohio fans Saturday.
1974 14 Sept. a8/3
Dr. James Nicholas, chief of the sports clinic at Lenox Hill Hospital..warns girls to stay away from football.
1997 A. Andersen ii. 57
Sponsor a sports clinic or cooking class to educate or entertain the community.
2003 T. Lincoln 36
I manage to sneak in an early afternoon appointment at the sports clinic. I emerge walking tall, but still unable to set any weight on my shoulders.
sports coat n. a coat, now typically one worn by a man, for informal wear or (chiefly in early use) for sport; cf.
1909 26 Aug. 11/6
Our stock contains a great variety of new shapes and styles in Golf Jerseys and Sports Coats [for women].
1921 E. Ferber xiv. 281
She wore her white wash-satin skirt and the pink sports coat and her big hat and looked very well indeed.
1951 L. P. Hartley xi. 100
His habitual dark Sunday wear a sports coat and flannel trousers.
1995 E. Arthur 40
Dr. Jim always wore sports coats, with ties and button-down shirts.
sports-coated adj. wearing a sports coat.
1952 B. Hamilton ii. 22
These sports-coated, bepiped, sophisticated young bloods.
17 Apr. c3
The sports-coated Johnny Marr had a relative loaf job. All he had to do was play guitar brilliantly and look cool.
sports complex n. originally and chiefly North American a sports centre offering a variety of different sports facilities, esp. under one roof.
1957 12 Dec. 41/5
Bob Considine calls it the greatest sports complex he has ever seen.
1991 5 Jan. (Colour Suppl.) 38/1
When completed, Ponds Forge will be the most versatile sports complex in the world.
2001 1 July xiv. 6/2
It is not clear whether New Jerseyans care a bat's ash what happens to the arena or, for that matter, to the entire sports complex.
sports day n. a day of organized sports for a particular group of people, esp. an occasion on which the pupils of a school compete in various races and athletic events.
1875 12 June 5/5
Both Friendly Societies..[decided] to hold a counter demonstration in the town on the Sports Day.
1906 17 Jan. 11/6
It may interest you to know that about two years ago my company instituted a competition amongst passengers on Sports Day on board its steamers for the quickest and proper method of putting on the lifebelt.
1924 22 Mar. 6/3
Shrewsbury School Sports Day will be on Saturday, March 29.
1940 F. Sargeson
When the last war ended I was at the High School. We got the news of the armistice on our annual sports day.
1990 26 May (mag.) 7/3
I remember sneaking off with a friend during Sport's Day at my school.
1951 7 Dec. 14/5
Offshore abalones move into the shallows each year to repopulate the areas thinned out by the sports divers.
1955 A. VanderKogel & R. Lardner xi. 166
The American sports diver seeking relatively close-at-hand areas for good hunting, worth-while exploring, coral and shell collecting,..should..take a trip south.
27 Mar. 7
A student who was a qualified sports diver has died after a training dive went wrong 200 metres off the South Devon coast.
1951 25 Dec. 14/2
The pressure of commercial and sports diving for abalone has been blamed for the lessening population of the much-sought mollusc.
1970 F. Scott & W. Scott iii. 56
Advances in commercial diving and sports diving went hand in hand.
2 Oct. 22
I used to be involved with Sports Diving.
sports doctor n. a doctor who specializes in the physiological aspects of athletic performance, esp. the treatment of injuries sustained during or caused by participation in sporting activities.
1938 26 Mar. 724/2
‘Sports doctors’ judged the capacity of boys to participate in exercise, but had no opportunity to estimate results.
1972 30 June 1399/3
Senior sports doctors..insist that steroids do not increase muscle but do have a variety of unpleasant side effects.
2004 L. Greene & R. Pate
Runners with shin pain should consult a sports doctor because appropriate treatment depends on the cause.
sports drink n. a soft drink designed or marketed for consumption in conjunction with sporting activity or strenuous exercise, which typically contains electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, and chloride, and a high percentage of sugar to restore energy.
1979 22 Feb. e17/3
Serfass is more than critical about the sports drink. ‘You don't need it. Water is the surest way for replacing fluids.’
2001 B. Geddes 238/2
A sports drink has recently been developed from coconut water.
[compare earlier ]
a festival of sport; a meeting at which athletics or other competitive sports take place; (also) a piece of sporting entertainment; cf. .
1953 13 Dec. c9/5
Faculty and student body are deep in plans and preparations for the annual Milk Fund Benefit, which features a sportsfest as part of the evening's entertainment.
1976 5 Aug. 151/1
Television caught both aspects of this mammoth sports-fest [sc. the Olympic Games] very well.
2004 Apr. 142/2
Consisting of six extreme sports events, up to eight players could compete in turn, taking control of skateboards, bikes and even surfboards in this alternative sports-fest.
sports finder n. Photography a direct-vision viewfinder usually consisting of a simple frame which allows action outside the field of view of the camera to be seen, fitted esp. to twin-lens reflex cameras.
1938 17 Aug. 1/3
Leica outfit..universal and sports finder, lens hood, filters.
1977 J. Hedgecoe 165
Most twin lens reflexes have a ‘sports finder’ which folds out of the hood.
2002 Apr. 83/2
We would not recommend using the direct vision sportsfinder for subjects closer than about 10 feet due to serious parallax error.
sportsfisherman n. originally and chiefly North American
(a) = ;
(b) = .
1928 21 June ii. 10/4
Salton Sea is to become a popular mecca for sports fishermen.
1960 J. J. Rowlands 207
A small sports-fisherman, with the strong high bow of a Nova Scotia lobster boat, is taking on ice and provisions for a week-end cruise.
1994 Jan. 49/3
Berry, an avid sportsfisherman, has made more than a dozen trips to the Red River to pursue his passion for catching some of the world's largest catfish.
16 Apr. 4
Four lucky anglers will be fishing far off the peninsula for grouper and snapper as guests of Capt. Larry McGuire aboard his 31-foot sportsfisherman.
1926 6 July 4/5
Our good friends who are deeply concerned in the perpetuations of sports fishing.
2000 E. Hunt et al. 855/2
Sportsfishing (mostly catch and release) on Bikini is quite good, with skipjack, yellowfin and trevallys.
sports girl n. a girl or young woman who takes part in sport.
1922 22 Apr. 9/6 (headline)
Sports girls who ‘play the game’.
1938 J. Betjeman in 12 Nov. 777/1
I adore you, Pam, you great big mountainous sports girl.
1 July (Sport section) 8
Maybe she is a disaster waiting to happen, like so many other American sports-girls who were hot-housed at a ridiculously young age.
sports industry n. the sporting world or realm, esp. viewed in commercial terms.
He has advertised his firm as being the founders of the sports industry in India and as being large manufacturers with extensive experience.
2006 16 Sept. r3/1
Team and league executives loosely divide the sports industry into three overlapping areas: content, or the leagues, teams and other sports organizations; channels of distribution..; and related businesses.
sports injury n. an injury sustained during or resulting from participation in sport.
1932 16 Jan. 8/3
Most people have had experience with sports injuries or bruises of like character due to other causes.
1963 29 Nov. 6/3
The medical profession has shown comparatively little practical interest in the prevention of sports injuries.
2001 N. Jones ii. 415
Ruta grav is good for sprained wrists and ankles, torn ligaments and tendons and for sports injuries as a whole.
sports jacket n. a jacket, typically resembling a suit jacket and now usually worn by a man, for informal wear or (chiefly in early use) for sport; cf.
1912 16 May 10/6
They are also showing some quite new white knitted sports jackets made of Shetland wool.
1927 ‘C. Barry’ xx. 178
In an hour, Gilmartin was at his home, clad in an old sports jacket.
1962 J. D. Salinger 132
And there was old Dick..Sitting at a table in blue jeans and a gruesome sports jacket.
2001 I. Sinclair
i. i. 1
He was melting inside his undervest, white shirt, leather waistcoat, sports jacket, corduroy car coat.
sports-jacketed adj. wearing a sports jacket.
1934 13 May (Rotogravure section) 8
Hatless and sports-jacketed for Summer.
1955 N. Fitzgerald vii. 107
Brigadier Poodle Poole-Casey, hatless and sports-jacketed.
1992 Dec. 186/1
For 22 years, Alistair Cooke has been America's visual icon of cod Englishness, as the urbane..white-haired, sports-jacketed introducer of PBS's Masterpiece Theatre.
sports massage n. a type of massage (esp. a deep-tissue massage), often used to relieve pain in or relax muscles after sporting activity.
1955 H. Kubly 221
You like massage. I give good massage. I offer aesthetic, curative, and sports massages, and if you like, a massaggio generale.
14 Aug. 50
‘Joggers are often really tight people’, noted the sports massage specialist.
A totally exclusive treatment that incorporates a full sports massage, designed to reinvigorate and freshen tired and stressed muscle tissue.
sports medicine n. the branch of medicine concerned chiefly with the physiological aspects of athletic performance, esp. the treatment of injuries sustained during or caused by participation in sporting activities.
1952 26 Mar. 2/3
Dr Jokl is one of the outstanding authorities in the world on sports medicine.
Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness.
2003 O. Shine 138
The ATP Tour employs four full-time Sports Medicine Trainers to care for players on the circuit.
sports meet n. an organized event at which a number of athletic or other sporting contests are held (cf. ).
1947 21 July 17/1
Park sports meet held.
1949 R. D. Matthews & M. Akrawi ix. 152
Competitive sports meets between schools are held in the larger cities.
The staff and the guardians decided to cancel the sports meet.
sports palace n. chiefly North American a large sports complex or venue offering numerous facilities.
1914 14 June vii. 2/2
The winter sports palace which it is proposed to erect in New York... Lawn tennis courts will occupy the top floor, which will also have four full size curling rinks.
2001 B. Kamin 212
How would the interior of Chicago's new sports palace measure up against the Stadium, a place fabled for its extraordinary intimacy and decibel levels?
sportspeople n. people who participate in sport or athletic activities.
1926 1 Nov. 24/7
Gstaad... The place for sports people.
1999 9 Oct. (FT Weekend section) p. xxii/3
She would have preferred not to run in Sicily but, as with many strong-willed sportspeople,..[she] and her athletics' federation do not see eye to eye.
sportsperson n. a person who participates in sport or athletic activities; a sportsman or sportswoman.
1909 W. de Morgan xxxix. 506
You may perhaps have caught some bird, maimed by a sportsman..and may have seen that it would be merciful in you, not a sportsperson at all, but a sentimentalist, to make a quick end of it.
1922 6 Sept.
The proper gloves are mighty important. They give a finisse [sic] that is noticeable to the particular sports person.
2004 Oct. 8/1
Entering the Olympic stadium for the opening ceremony in Athens must be about as close as most sportspersons get to feeling like rock stars.
1935 J. B. Nash V. 171
1977 9 May r1/2
Sports physicians will confirm that the average marathoner is a more ‘superb’ athlete than the fanciest of leftfielders.
2007 W. Briner viii. 173
Most sports physicians would advise stopping antihistamines and decongestants before strenuous exercise in hot environs.
sports psychologist n. a practitioner or student of sports psychology.
1947 1 Jan. iv. 53/7
If there is a new record there really will be something for the sports psychologists to figure out.
1972 H. T. A. Whiting 4
A sports psychologist might approach his study of behaviour in a sporting situation in many different ways.
2001 Sept. 63/1
He..was the sports psychologist for the British Olympic cycling team in 1992.
sports psychology n. (a branch of) psychology applied to aspects of participation in sport, esp. with the aim of enhancing performance in competitive sports.
1932 14 Oct. 28/3
Charles Dorais, football coach at the University of Detroit, has sounded a new note in sports psychology.
1966 A. M. Olsen in F. Antonelli 45
Sports psychology should cover all psychological problems of vital importance to the practice of sports.
1999 May 26/1
During the week Joyce works from home on her PhD in sports psychology.
sports racket n.
(also sports racquet)
a racket used for striking the ball, shuttlecock, etc., in tennis, badminton, or other racket sports; = .
1934 16 Mar. 20/3
The Import Duties Advisory Committee give notice of..the imposition of a specific duty on sports rackets and unstrung frames thereof.
1966 M. J. Barnes et al. iii. 24
A badminton racket weighs about five ounces and is the lightest and most fragile of all sports rackets.
There is a continuing need for new and improved sports racquet strings made from synthetic materials.
We..have not identified anyone carrying a firearm. We did identify someone..who was carrying a sports racket.
sports science n. the study of disciplines such as anatomy, physiology, biomechanics, and psychology as they relate to sporting performance.
1968 H. Dawson 210
Some of the people I was sitting with were talking about sports science.
2005 E. Cashmore
Over the final two decades of the twentieth century, sports studies and sports science were, sometimes grudgingly, accepted as legitimate academic pursuits.
sports scientist n. an expert or specialist in sports science.
1965 2 Nov. 15/5
A Soviet sports scientist suggested this..at the opening here of a national conference.
1978 26 May 921/1
In the past 30 years, sports scientists have clarified the roles played by carbohydrates and fats in metabolism during exercise.
2003 Jan. 119/1
Problems sleeping, an irregular sleep/wake cycle and not having a consistent work rhythm can..lead to a condition called desynchronization, which sports scientists have found seriously hampers performance in Olympic athletes competing in foreign time zones.
sports seat n.
(a) any of various types of portable seat or cushion used by spectators at sporting events for extra comfort or when there are no seats provided;
(b) a type of seat typically found in a high-performance car, which provides additional lateral support, preventing the driver from sliding sideways while cornering; cf. .
1933 21 Aug. 1/3
Pray then be seated! on the new umbrella with its comfortable leather covered sports seat handle.
1959 5 Aug. 4/1
Padding... Outdoor furniture... Sports seats.
1982 10 Dec. 21/7
Porsche... Light metallic blue. Sports seats.
2007 Mar. 11/1
Inside, it has special half-Vienna leather sports seats, trimmed with Interlagos cloth panels and finished with red seam stitching.
sports shirt n. a shirt, now typically a short-sleeved one worn by a man, for informal wear or for sport.
1912 15 June 11/6
Sports shirt, made from extra heavy pyjama silk, with stitched turned down collar and cuffs.
1962 ‘K. Orvis’ 111
A loud, open-throated sports-shirt.
1998 P. Gourevitch xvi. 262
An amiable man in a red sports shirt greeted me and introduced himself as Sindikubwabo's chief of protocol.
sports-shirted adj. wearing a sports shirt.
1961 R. Tregaskis iii. 207
Sports-shirted technicians were working nearby amid the big metal and wood ribs of the jigs on which the X-15s were built.
8 Mar. c1
I spotted a group of sport-shirted VIPs strolling down the flight deck, sans helmets.
sportsspeak n. freq. depreciative = .
1981 6 Dec. 54
In talking about these interviews, Wood echoes the sportsspeak they use about him.
19 Oct. 16
He helps them lift their game, to get back to the old sportsspeak, to identify and help remove the blockages that are stopping them being really successful.
sports star n. a celebrated or extremely famous sportsperson.
1921 30 June 1/1
The greatest sports stars of the American nation are those who are educated.
2006 No. 62. 74
Soon, musicians and sports stars began exerting an unprecedented influence on the footwear industry.
sports suspension n. suspension fitted to high-performance vehicles, typically stiffer than that found in ordinary vehicles, having the effect of keeping the tyres in contact with the road more effectively, giving the vehicle better handling.
1966 20 Mar. Family Weekly section
Along with the 207-hp-premier-fuel engine, you get distinctive emblems,..a tenacious sports suspension and those swaggering sports stripes.
1968 4 Aug. 8 e/2
The Hurst-Olds modification car... Equipped with heavy duty rally sports suspension.
14 Mar. 14
[They] have a habit of fitting sports suspension to many of their test cars and that would certainly explain the rather hard ride.
sports utility n. originally and chiefly North American
(a) = (now rare);
(b) = .
1940 6 Mar. 22/1
Almost every man needs a sports utility jacket of this kind.
1947 18 Nov. 33/3
The ‘sports utility’ model is particularly designed for hunting, fishing or other recreational trips.
1999 18 June 3/1
She..drove her three daughters around their affluent suburb in a white ‘sports utility’.
sports utility vehicle n. originally and chiefly North American = (abbreviated SUV).
1960 17 July 12 c/3
The Toyota Land Cruiser, powerful 4-wheel drive sports utility vehicle.
1972 14 Nov. (Advt. Suppl.) 10
Suburban housewives are using..sports utility vehicles built on a truck chassis for a variety of activities.
1999 Summer 4/3
A distinction should be made between motorists who minimise their environmental impact and the increasing number who follow the American-inspired trend for ‘sports utility vehicles’.
sports wheel n. a type of wheel found in high-performance motor vehicles, typically more lightweight than those found in ordinary vehicles, designed to improve performance; usually in plural.
1957 30 Oct. 19/1
1953 Chrysler convertible—radio, heater, automatic, power steering and chrome wire sports wheels.
2000 7 July 9
Creature comforts include a booming CD player, power steering, power windows, central locking, high performance sports wheels and a warranty that simply blows the competition away.
sportswriter n. a person whose job is to write about sport, esp. in a newspaper; a sports journalist.
1907 19 Apr.
The Old Gold has been little figured on thus far by the sports writers of the capital city.
1932 B. Wood vi. 100
A kind of sportswriter known to football players and coaches as a ‘Monday morning quarterback’... Not content with reporting the game..the writer must analyze it.
2004 4 July 6/2
American pundits, shock jocks, sportswriters and professional wisealecks go out of their way to deride a sport whose strange, minimalist beauty escapes them.
ˈsportswise adv. in terms of sport, as far as sport is concerned.
1924 7 Feb. 5/1
Yale University looks for another successful year sportswise in 1924.
13 June 6
The week started and finished on a high note sportswise.
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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, December 2008).
In this entry:
In other dictionaries:
- My entries(1)
- sporosac, n.1859
- sporotrichosis, n.1908
- -sporous, comb. form
- Sporozoa, n.1882
- sporozoal, adj.1899
- sporozoan, n. and adj.1888
- sporozoic, adj.1892
- sporozoon, n.1882
- sporran, n.1817
- sport, n.1a1425
- sport, n.21656
- sport, v.?a1425
- sportability, n.1768
- sportable, adj.1767
- sportance, n.a1450
- sported, adj.1687
- sporteer, n.1654
- sporter, n.1531
- sportful, adj. (and ...1445
- sportfully, adv.a1586
- sportfulness, n.a1586
- sportif, n. and adj.1924
- sportily, adv.1902
- sportiness, n.1833
- sporting, n.c1475
- sporting, adj.c1475
- sportingly, adv.1561
- sportingwise, adv.1579
- sportive, n.22005
- sportive, adj. and n.11593
- sportively, adv.1597
- sportiveness, n.1601
- sportless, adj.1598
- sportlet, n.1447
- sportling, n.1723
- sportly, adj.1600
- sportsdrome, n.1951
- sportsman, n.1651
- sportsmanlike, adv. ...1740
- sportsmanliness, n.1778