, ME spas
, ME sspace
, ME stace
(transmission error), ME–15 spase
, ME– space
, 15 spays
, 18– speeace
, pre-17 spaic
, pre-17 spaice
, pre-17 spaiche
, pre-17 spais
, pre-17 spas
, pre-17 spase
, pre-17 spasse
, pre-17 speace
, pre-17 spec
, pre-17 spece
, pre-17 speice
, pre-17 speis
, pre-17 17– space
. (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):
Origin: A borrowing from French. Etymons: French space, espace, spaze, aspace.
Etymology: < Anglo-Norman space, variant of espace, espas, espasce, espase, espasse, esspace, ezpasz, aspace and Old French spaze, variant of aspace, Old French, Middle French espace, espasse (French espace ) period of time, duration, time (second half of the 12th cent.), deferment, delay, respite (c1177), size, extent (of a place) (c1200), occasion, opportunity (13th cent.), distance between two points, interval, width (1314), expanse of the air or sky (16th cent.; 1662 in sense ‘infinite expanse of the universe’) < classical Latin spatium (in post-classical Latin also spacium ) course or track, expanse of ground, area, space occupied by something, expanse in which the universe is situated, intervening space, gap, interval, space available for a purpose, room, linear extent, length, width, distance, great length or distance, actual distance, surface area, extent, size, stretch of time, period, long period, temporal extent, duration, intervening period of time, interval, time available for a purpose, (in music) difference in pitch between two notes, interval, length or time of a metrical foot, quantity of a vowel sound < the same Indo-European base as The English word apparently reflects borrowing of the (relatively rare) French forms of the type space , spaze , although its sense development was greatly influenced by the senses shown by the French word in forms of the (much commoner) type espace , as also by the senses of the Latin word. For (rare) examples of forms in English reflecting borrowing of the French type espace see Compare also Compare Old Occitan espazi, espasi (1204; Occitan espaci), Catalan espai (late 13th cent.), Spanish espacio (1196), Portuguese espaço (14th cent.), Italian spazio (1308).
Denoting time or duration.
Time which is free or available for doing something; leisure; opportunity. Chiefly in to have (also give) space
. Frequently coupled with other nouns, esp. time
. Now rare
.In later use sometimes difficult to distinguish from extended uses of senses relating to physical space (see branch ); cf. .
†b. Without complement. Obsolete.
c1390 in C. Brown
Wel is him þat haþ þat grace For to plese his god..And Merci seche while he haþ space.
a1393 J. Gower
v. l. 3843
Thogh thei hadden litel space, Yit thei acorden in that place.
ii. 86 (MED)
He may, tille he has space, gif it withouten synnes.
While I haue tyme and space.
I cry vnto ȝow..That ȝe gete to us repentaunce and space.
c1480 Childe of Bristowe in W. C. Hazlitt
And y shal laboure..to bring your soule in better way, yf y have lyf and space.
c1510 T. More tr. G. F. Pico della Mirandola Lyfe J. Picus in 26
Happly thou shouldest not liue an houre more Thy sinne to clense, and though thou hadst space, Yet paraduenture shouldst thou lacke the grace.
?a1513 W. Dunbar
Asking wald haif..Convenient tyme, lasar and space.
1563 sig. Mmm.iii
We must take, hede that we call vppon this aduocate, whyle we haue space geuen vs in thys Lyfe.
1581 H. Walpole in W. Allen
God graunt they may amend the same, While here they have the space.
1602 W. Leigh Soules Solace in W. Harrison
Alwaies reason requireth that whilest we haue space and time, wee should amend and correct our faults.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
iv. i. 90
Come on, thou are granted space .
1635 T. Cranley 79
Helpe me to pray to God, to grant me grace, To persevere in this my reformation, That I may now repent, whilst I have space.
1743 D. Crosley p. xxxi
Blessed be God he gives us space.
Give us space and time, and we may do all things well.
[1821 W. Scott III. vii. 128
‘By my faith, time and space fitting, this were a good tale to tell,’ said Leicester.]
Quantity or extent of time.
The amount of time contained in a specified period.
(b) With preceding genitive.
Duryng the metes space The child stood lookynge in the kynges face.
Before many ȝere space.
?a1513 W. Dunbar
Thow seis the vrechis set..To gadder gudis all thar liffis spaice.
1542 D. Clapam tr. H. C. Agrippa sig. Eviii
It is redde in the fourth boke of kingis, that quene Attalia reigned, & was souerayne Iudge in Ierusalem seuen yeres space.
1576 A. Fleming tr. Cicero in 27
Who in seuen dayes space lost two sonnes.
1625 in W. Foster
Within an howers space shee was burnt to the water.
a1648 Ld. Herbert
He had but a Winters space; for the warre was to begin the next Spring.
1683 J. Bulteel tr. F. E. de Mézeray 758
The Princess of Espinoy in the absence of her Husband..defended it [sc. Tournay] for two Months space.
1703 N. Rowe v. i. 55
Give me yet a Moment's space.
1757 W. Wilkie iv. 73
Yet for a truce of seven days space I plead.
1787 II. 108
In five minutes space she rested safe within the verge of land's protection.
1825 W. Scott Betrothed xv, in II. 304
There was more than three hours' space to the time of rendezvous.
1883 O. Schreiner
ii. i. 248
What comparison will there be between burning for a hundred years' space and to be burning without intermission as long as God is God?
1893 M. E. Wilkins ii. 29
I pray you, sirs, to take some cheers the while I go for a moment's space to my poor afflicted child.
1920 S. Teasdale 26
Here for a moment's space Into the light out of darkness, I come and they come with me.
1990 31 437
The amount of confusion he can create in a few hours' space is frequently astonishing.
b. The period or amount of time already specified, indicated, or otherwise determined. See also .
ii. 305 (MED)
Bituex prime & none alle voide was þe place, þe bataile slayn & done alle within þat space.
J. Lydgate Legend St. Austin
l. 207 in
Al the space the masse was seyeng.
1545 in J. H. Burton
1st Ser. I. 16
For payment of the saidis horsemen during the said space.
1592 A. Day 2nd Pt. Eng. Secretorie sig. E3, in
I thought two monethes being now passed, I might in this space haue found a season conuenient.
1639 D. Lupton tr. J. Verheiden 272
He..sate Primate and Metropolitane of all England the space of 15. yeeres, in which space hee did many famous workes of Charity.
1688 R. Holme iii. 221
Their [sc. the Jews'] Custome is before Marriage to be contracted and after some space to be Married.
1712 W. Fleetwood Pref. p. viii
That precious Life, had it pleased God to have prolonged it to the usual Space.
1737 Nov. 690/2
The Expence of the Fleet within the same Space, exceeded 270,000l.
1779 S. Johnson Dryden in III. 88
Though the life of a writer, from about thirty-five to sixty-three, may be supposed to have been sufficiently busied by the composition of eight and twenty pieces for the stage, Dryden found room in the same space for many other undertakings.
1823 W. Scott III. i. 3
In less than the space we have mentioned, the Count..came back to the verge of the forest.
1851 H. W. Longfellow ii. 47
Forty years..Have I been Prior.., But for that space Never have I beheld thy face!
1938 19 July 38/3
The two navies..have now been at peace for more than another century. Indeed, in the only wars in which either has fought in that space..they have been allied.
8 July 40
The pear in caramel disappeared in the space it took to mop up the pint of water my daughter spilt on the banquette.
b. in space: after a time or while. Obsolete.
Fro spot my spyryt þer sprang in space.
1474 W. Caxton tr.
iii. viii. 148
In space and succession of tyme he departed to them alle his goodes temporell.
1526 W. Bonde iii. sig. MM
Take muddy water..& sette it alone,..& in space it wyll waxe clere.
Tyll þai comyn of the cost of Caucleda in spase.
c. Delay, deferment; respite. Chiefly in negative contexts. Obsolete.
Prol. l. 440
[I] al for-ȝeue with oute lengere space.
?c1430 J. Lydgate
Life yn deserte..Mai a-ȝeyne dethe haue respite noon ne space.
a1554 J. Croke tr.
Without abode or space, Bowe downe thyne ears.
1629 L. Andrewes vi. 857
Strooken downe in the place, like ranke rebels; and tumbled into hell like reprobates, without space or grace.
A period or interval of time; a spell. Chiefly with indefinite article. (When used without adjective often implying a period of short duration.)
Richard Coer de Lyon
l. 6179 in K. Brunner
Soone after in a lytyl spase..Þe castel become on a ffyr al.
R. Holland Bk. Howlat l. 112 in W. A. Craigie
To schape me a schand bird in a schort space.
1526 Acts xv. 33
After they hadde taryed there a certayne space.
1569 R. Grafton II. 259
He and his defended themselues..along space.
He kneillit doun in the place. Thankand God ane greit space.
1633 F. P. Verney & M. M. Verney
God hath afflicted you with many sad crosses within a short space.
1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Georgics iii, in tr. Virgil 99
Like Diligence requires the Courser's Race; In early Choice; and for a longer space .
1719 in W. S. Perry
For a considerable space no one could be heard.
1779 No. 8
After a space, I tired of walking by the Red Sea.
1815 W. Scott III. xi. 214
I have allowed you a competent space to express your feelings. I must circumduce the term.
1833 c. 46 §80
For any space not exceeding thirty days.
1873 P. G. Hamerton i. v. 28
The incompatibility..is often very marked if you look at small spaces of time only; but if you consider broader spaces, such as a lifetime, then the incompatibility is not so marked.
1923 P. G. Wodehouse xi. 125
Even Comrade Butt cast off his gloom for a space and immersed his whole being in scrambled eggs.
1951 ‘C. S. Forester’
The interchange of glances between the warders down there; a pause for a space while it was decided into which cell he should be put.
2006 13 Apr. 8/1
It happened to be a special season of the Christian year when we desire to put away, if only for a short space, all angry and discordant thoughts and words.
†b. A period of delay. Obsolete.
i. l. 505
But whanne he hadde a space fro his care, Thus to hym self full ofte he gan to pleyne.
?a1439 J. Lydgate
i. l. 1240
They departid, made no lengere spacis,..And gan to chese hem newe duellyng placis.
†c. A spell of writing or narration. Obsolete. rare—1.
l. 528 (MED)
Of chyld Ipomydon here is a space.
Denoting area or extension.
General or unlimited extent.
b. Extent or area sufficient for a purpose, action, etc.; room to contain or do something. Also in extended use.
a1387 J. Trevisa tr. R. Higden
(St. John's Cambr.)
II. 41 (MED)
Þis ilond Man conteyneþ as hit were tweie ilondes; þe firste..conteyneþ nyne hondred housholdes..Þe secounde conteyneþ þe space of þre hondred and moo.
i. l. 714
Certeynly nomore harde grace May sitte on me, for-whi þer is no space.
[He] hath bothe roum & space And wilde an ax or swerd.
?1528 sig. aivv
He stode betwene them louers twayne Nat openyng to them so moche space To come to gether, eche other to enbrace.
1573 T. Tusser
Leaue space & rome, to hillock to come.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
i. ii. 495
Might I but through my prison once a day Behold this Mayd:..space enough Haue I in such a prison.
1671 J. Milton ii. 339
Our Saviour..beheld In ample space under the broadest shade A Table richly spred.
1720 D. Defoe 179
We halted within View of a Bridge, leaving Space enough on our Front for about half the Number of their Forces to pass and draw up.
1768 L. Sterne II. 198
They stood parallel, and so very close to each other as only to allow space for a small wicker chair betwixt them.
1842 Ld. Tennyson iv
Where..The strength of some diffusive thought Hath time and space to work and spread.
1869 J. G. Holland 49
The foul demon who would drive my soul To crime that leaves no space for penitence!
1940 C. Morgan III. xi. 365
There was space for a sofa and a small armchair of red plush beside the broad, low windows.
1987 P. Angadi
She wanted to feel solitude and quiet, so that she could begin to allow her own thoughts space.
14 May 11
There is no television or mini-bar and barely space to swing a cat.
c. Chiefly Scottish in early use. Extent or room in a letter, periodical, book, etc., available for, or occupied by, written or printed matter (cf. sense ). Chiefly in contexts of restricted extent.
Prol. l. 27 in W. M. Metcalfe
Þare-fore, in lytil space here, I wryt þe lyf of sanctis sere.
a1500 Ratis Raving
l. 1099 in R. Girvan
Tak gud kep..to this pase, Fore here ar vrytin in lytill space Sum thingis that may help & sped.
I write no more to you, for lacke of space.
1612 J. Brinsley iv. 34
If hee write more in a shorter space, then is in like space in the copice, he either makes his letters too little, or sets them too neere one another.
1645 E. W. iv. 10
Touching his Prayer..I have not space to enlarge now; I adde this onely; That his prayer is the highest provocation of all that went before, and the greatest abhomination.
1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Georgics iv, in tr. Virgil 128
But streighten'd in my space, I must forsake This Task.
1715 R. Thoresby Pref. p. xvi
I shall conclude with the Explanation of the Abbreviations that are unavoidably made use of in the printed Pedegrees, for want of Space to contain the whole Matter.
1774 O. Goldsmith II. 298
With a studied brevity, his system comprehends the greatest variety, in the smallest space.
1866 VIII. 7/2
Various expressive adjectives,..into the consideration of which our space will not permit us to enter.
1885 XVIII. 165/1
In the marginal glosses, where it was an object to save space.
1892 II. 279
Nothing has been omitted on the score of space.
1917 15 Nov. 5/2
In typewritten matter the lines must be in ‘close order’, to save space and paper.
1970 H. T. Moore in C. A. Hoyt Pref. p.xi
At this point—and I'm running out of space—I'm going to skip the next writer discussed in Mr. Hoyt's book.
2001 30 18/1
There is insufficient space here to summarize all the varied data sources.
d. Room or available extent in a newspaper, periodical, etc., or on some other medium, which may be acquired for a specific purpose, esp. advertising (cf. sense ).
1878 1 Feb. 2/1
The Chicago Tribune proposes that its friends in Congress who have organized themselves into a corporation for the purpose of buying space in newspapers and otherwise influencing public opinion..shall style their association ‘The Silver League’.
1930 29 Nov. 1003/2
In advertising Britain is far behind America in buying space.
1950 7 Feb. 5/5
In the last election, one company gave space to the Communist Party and the Commonwealth Party, but the main newsreels adhered to the general agreement that space should be given only to the main parties.
1989 9 Mar. 20/4
Traditionally, people have advertised on radio because they lacked the budget for TV, or because with cinema you have to book space a year ahead.
18 Jan. d1
Advertisers looking to connect with men in the 18–34 age bracket..could buy time on the appropriate radio stations and complement the exposure by buying space on Web sites that cater to the same age group.
e. Computing. Virtual or electronic room for the storage of data. Frequently with modifying word.disk space, file space: see the first element.
1949 3 427
Most of the above [improvement in speed] is accomplished at the expense of memory space.
1962 H. D. Huskey & G. A. Korn xvii. 19
If memory space is not a problem the input information can be reduced to reasonable size by devising a generator code.
1991 June 30/3
To save space..on-line services store many files in compressed formats.
2005 May 117/1
Because spyware usually starts when your computer is booted, and runs in the background, it takes up space in your PC's memory and saps processing power.
Specific or limited extent.
b. A part or section marked off in some way from a larger area or extent; a division, section.
c1392 26 (MED)
The owterest space is mynutis, & the nexte space is degres, & the thridde space is nombres of degres & the ferthe space is for names of signes.
a1398 J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus
(BL Add. 27944)
I. viii. xvi. 484
As þe cercle þat hatte zodiacus is distingurid in twelue spacis..so the cercle of the sonne is distingurid in xii. spaces.
i. §20. 11
Next thise azymutz..ben ther 12 deuysiouns embelif,..þat shewen the spaces of the howres of planetes.
1474 W. Caxton tr.
iv. ii. 166
He may not meue but in to one space or poynt.
1594 T. Blundeville vi. iii. f. 307v
Suppose the inside of your left thumbe to be diuided into three spaces.
1625 N. Carpenter i. ix. 202
Spaces are portions in the Spheare bounded by the Parallell circles.
1669 S. Sturmy vii. xxix. 44
Take a short space of a Ruler or Transom, and saw in one side of it a Notch.
1694 tr. O. G. de Busbecq i. 31
Thus the Turks divide the day into four spaces.
1754 J. Barrow
Month Book..[is] divided into spaces.
1780 A. Young
There is a custom here called rundale, which is a division of their farms into spaces by balks.
1825 ‘J. Nicholson’ 129
Set those six spaces off upon a straight line for a base..; set off three spaces upon the perpendicular.
The circle being divided into sixteen spaces, which are numbered consecutively from 0 to 15, and correspond respectively to the directions N., N.N.E., N.E., &c.
1938 10 June 11/3
His history gallery was divided into 40 equal spaces, each representing a century.
17 Nov. 50
My opponent slides the queen diagonally three spaces, ‘check mate’.
c. The volume or dimensional extent that is, or may be, occupied by a particular thing.In quots. , : an internal space or cavity in the body.
?a1425 tr. Guy de Chauliac
(N.Y. Acad. Med.)
Inscisioun..is mych to be dradde aboute þe wombe..for propinquite..of veynez..& þe inward spaciositee or space [?c1425 wydenesse; L. spatiositatis].
Surg. Treat. in f. 44 (MED)
Þe Emunctorijs of þe lyuere & of þe ballokis..han wiþinne hem a myche space in þe which is spoungious fleisch, þenne & kirnelly.
1530 J. Palsgrave 273/2
Space of ones body, corpsage.
1599 J. Davies 23
All bodies haue their measure, and their space.
1675 R. Burthogge 28
Some of the Platonists..affirmed that the Place of Hell was all that space between the Moon..and This.
1715 tr. D. Gregory II. v. §3. 702
That all the Air..is compress'd into the Space ABZX.
1767 J. Abercrombie 21
Fill the space between the ball and the sides of the pot, with the above earth.
1828 C. Lamb Old Margate Hoy in 2nd Ser. 35
The things do not fill up that space, which the idea of them seemed to take up in his mind.
1842 J. C. Loudon 193
If we..take the space rendered opaque by the wood at 21 per cent.
1937 5 Oct. 11/3
Second-class accommodation is particularly good, improvements having been brought about by reducing the space occupied by the machinery.
1987 R. Frame 296
Everything I own, that I have to my name, can be fitted into the space of one carry-all.
2000 Oct. 70/2
A split-second later, an icy reeking mixture of water and heating fuel rushed through gaps above Stuart's head, filling the small space.
d. An empty place or part; a void; a gap.
1654 W. Charleton i. v. 47
In all common motions of bodies through the liberal aer, there is left a Space behind, into which the parts of the aer may instantly circulate, and deliver themselves from compression.
1678 T. Hobbes iii. 25
They cannot be parted except the Air..can enter and fill the space made by their diremption.
a1731 P. Aubin Noble Slaves in
The Hut was built of Boughs of Trees, and Hurdles made with Canes to fill the Spaces.
The woman sews the tail part, leaving a space for the entrance of the copper neck of a wooden funnel.
1837 P. Keith 95
The..rudiment of the future seed, not yet inclosing a space.
a1854 H. Reed
His human heart had large spaces to hold his fellow-beings in.
1888 G. Rolleston & W. H. Jackson
The cilia..cause the currents of water to flow..into the interlamellar spaces.
1907 6 June 6/7
A horse has forty-four teeth, and God left a space between the molars and pre-molars..for man to insert a steel bit.
1955 R. Lindner 233
She died suddenly when he was six years old, and the space in his life left by her death was never filled.
1998 32 117/1
The cranial and caudal halves of a sclerotome are separated by a space or cavity, the sclerocoel.
(a) A portion of a page, form, etc., available for or occupied by written or printed matter (cf. sense );
(b) a portion of a page (in a newspaper, etc.) available for a specific purpose, esp. advertising (cf. sense ); (now also) a portion of broadcasting time available for a similar purpose; a section of a billboard, website, or similar medium.advertising space: see the first element.
1657 A. B. tr. J. Buxtorf ix. 127
These last words are in many Copies left out, by reason of an injunction laide upon the Printers by the Christian Magistrate, an empty space being left [L. spatio interim vacuo relicto], that they may either write them, or else inquire what is wanting.
1793 J. Whitehead I. i. vi. 344
Unfortunately the letter was not transcribed into the Journal, a blank space being left for it.
1797 Apr. 160
A wish to remove a little of the odium his memory lies under on that account, induces me to beg a small space in your valuable Magazine for the following quotation.
1833 P. Hone 7 Jan.
The poetry [is] a mere makeweight, written apparently just to fill up such a space on such a page.
1900 22 Aug. 4/3
I can find no better means of doing so [sc. expressing gratitude to the postal service] than by asking the favour of a space for this letter in the columns of The Times.
1908 E. Fowler 21
Leaving a space for his own name.
1952 L. W. Fox 167
There is a space on the form on which the prisoner can make a written reply if he wishes.
Plays from the West End..are often heard in the more ‘popular’ programme spaces.
1972 Feb. 114/1
Kant's own book was discussed in this space a couple of years ago from the paper-back edition issued by the University of Michigan Press.
22 Nov. 15
A free-for-all in advertising could arise with firms taking large spaces in newspapers to advertise their services.
1989 J. D. Sutherland vi. 149
Fairbairn cannot easily discuss theoretical criticisms in a short space.
30 May 19
Larger advertising hoardings and spaces on bus shelters cost between €500 and €5,000 for the run-up to polling day.
f. Any one of a limited number of places in which a person or thing may be accommodated.
1840 S. Wilderspin
The tablet below the balls has six spaces for the insertion of brass letters and figures.
1907 at Place sb. 13 a
A space at table.
1958 M. L. King v. 86
By the time the meeting started, virtually every space was taken, and hundreds often overflowed into the streets.
1968 R. V. Beste xiii. 140
He put the car in the garage... He chose a space at street level.
1985 D. Johnson iii. 78
There were no spaces on the flights.
1998 21 Dec. c10/2
More spaces seem to be set aside for people with disabilities, but the number of disability permits seems high and competition can be keen.
g. Originally U.S. A room or specific area within a building, esp. considered in terms of its function or architectural qualities.
1921 V. O. Vogt xix. 184
The whole amazing space is clear to the eye as one steps through the inner portals of the narthex.
1969 9 Mar.
Hardly a home exists which does not have an architecturally awkward space... In an apartment it is apt to be a long narrow hall.
8 Feb. d33/1
You have a great space to work with. You have an eager staff to help you along.
1999 D. Macaulay 15
I found myself alone in an amazing space... I just sat in one of the wooden chairs and stared upward, mentally dismantling the stonework above me.
4 Sept. (Features section) 28
The Olivier Theatre has more volume,..which is perhaps why it is a notoriously tricky space.
A particular stretch, extent, or area of ground, surface, sky, etc.; an expanse. Also figurative
1521 B. Anslay tr. C. De Pisan xxxvii. sig. Mmviv
Europe whiche conteyneth a grete partye & space of the erthe vseth of these letters.
1565 T. Cooper
Raucus tractus, a long space of the sea makynge an hoarse noyse.
1589 A. Fleming tr. Virgil Eclogs iii. 10 in A. Fleming tr. Virgil
O Menalc tell me in what ground, a space of heauen appeeres.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
iv. ii. 77
Shall we..sell the mighty space of our large Honors For so much trash.
1665 T. Manley tr. H. Grotius 797
Taking into their Works..a great space of Ground without the Town.
1693 C. Blount viii. 75
We must..suppose..that Chaos from whence it arose, not to have been universal or diffused over the vast spaces of the Heavens, but contained within the aforesaid bounds.
1708 J. Philips i. 459
Sailing the Spaces of the boundless Deep.
1724 J. Maubray vi. 19
She [sc. the moon] is not idle or decidious in accomplishing her monthly Cause, and measuring her own Space of the Heavens.
1746 P. Francis & W. Dunkin tr. Horace ii. vi. 204
And now the Night, elaps'd Eleven, Possess'd the middle Space of Heaven.
1819 P. B. Shelley 50
And then I sunk in his embrace, Enclosing there a mighty space Of love.
1832 Ld. Tennyson Lady of Shalott i, in
Four gray towers Overlook a space of flowers.
1891 F. W. Farrar II. xxxvii. 40
The graffito scrawled upon every blank space of wall in Rome.
1908 E. F. Benson 87
Beyond lay the dark grey spaces of the downs, and beyond, again, a brightness as of molten amber suffused the sky above the lights of Brixham.
1987 R. Godden
Old Calcutta was built around the Maidan, a vast flat space of green.
The facade has a moulded gable—a broad space of rendered wall under curved barge-boards.
(c) In plural. The heavens; the skies; the firmament. Cf. sense . Now rare (chiefly poetic).
1561 J. Heywood tr. Seneca iv. sig. I8
To spaces hygh I wyll bee borne of hawghtye skyes about.
1665 G. Havers & J. Davies tr. clxxxiv. 301
Those higher spaces which are void of all heat.
1703 M. Chudleigh Song of Three Children in 6
Those immense Spaces which no Limits know, Where purest Æther unconfin'd doth flow.
a1822 P. B. Shelley Prol. To Hellas in
The senate of the Gods is met, Each in his rank and station set; There is silence in the spaces.
1871 B. Taylor tr. J. W. von Goethe II. i. i. 7
But if there burst from those eternal spaces A flood of flame, we stand confounded ever.
1908 M. J. Cawein II. 458
Ye in your darkness are Dark and infernal;..But in the spaces far, Like our effulgent star, We are eternal.
†b. A particular place or location; (also) an assigned or appropriate position (cf. ). Frequently with possessive adjective. Obsolete.
ii. 277 (MED)
Þe Scottis had no grace to spede in þer space, for to mend þer nisse [read misse].
Þis speche sprang in þat space and spradde alle aboute To borges and to bacheleres.
f. 24 (MED)
How fiȝteres moot ben y-tauȝt to kepe wel her space [v.r. spaces; L. ordines] in goyng, in stondyng, and rydinge when þe scheltrun is ysette.
c1450 J. Capgrave
He him selue laboured..to knowe þe spaces and þe townes þer þe holy patriarches dwelt.
Fayer speche and falsehede in on space ys.
Play Sacrament l. 461 in N. Davis
Take yowr [read owr] space, And looke owr daggarys be sharpe and kene.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
i. i. 36
Let..the wide Arch Of the raing'd Empire fall: Heere is my space .
c. The physical or mental sphere within which a person lives or operates; a notional region private to an individual within which he or she feels comfortable or unrestricted; (also ) a mental position or state of mind. Cf. .
1976 19 Mar. 36/1
Werner Erhard, through est, has created the ‘space’ for them to ‘be’ and given them the ‘opportunity’ to ‘take responsibility’ for their lives.
1976 6 Sept. 59/1
Est trainees are shown how to create an inner ‘space’ into which each of them can retreat and immerse himself in his own consciousness... Est graduates are taught to grant other people the space to create their own experiences.
1977 C. McFadden
Leonard had a lot going for him otherwise, and Kate liked the space he was in.
1980 G. B. Trudeau
Seriously, I think I know where you're coming from, and I'd like to share that space.
1981 (Holiday Special) 31/3
The reason why I can say that so boldly is because they give me my space. They let me be me.
1999 A. Wheatle 135
Yeah, I'll see you around... You're all right but I need my space, you know.
b. With of (a specific distance). Also with preceding genitive.
Gen. xxx. 36
Laban..putte a space [L. spatium] of þre days wey by twyxen hem & his douter hosbond.
1482 Indenture in
He sal nocht cum..to þe space of sex myle neir þe place.
l. 1466 (MED)
He had not slepyd but a while, Not the space of a myle.
1542 sig. Aiiiv
Sodaynly within the space of a myle An Arbour moste pleasaunt, there I espyde.
1581 T. Nicholas tr. A. de Zárate iii. f.27
The Gouernour proceeded forwarde for the space of two Leagues.
1627 2nd Ser. VIII. 402
He wes caryed doun in the streame thairof aboue ane pair of buttis speace.
1648 Earl of Monmouth tr. G. Gualdo Priorato vi. 182
For three miles space the ground was covered with dead Carkasses.
1677 Earl of Orrery 92
Between every 5 or 6 Hutts of the Troopers File, they usually leave a space of 4 or 5 foot, for the Troopers to pass from their Street, to their Horses Hutts.
1725 G. Odingsells iv. xiv. 76
I was stretched along in my Tabernacle (distant from this Place, the space of twelve Miles).
1767 B. Gooch I. 301
Cut through to the leather, leaving the space of ½ an inch.
1806 15 226
I found the instrument [sc. a catheter] advance suddenly for the space of half an inch, but on with~drawing the stillette, nothing but a few drops of blood followed.
1873 L. Beach 99
The Mountain House consists of two large buildings, detached until recently by a space of about 300 feet.
1901 23 Feb. 13/5
The arrangement by which a space of five yards..had to be crossed by men carrying power barrels, with hobnailed boots, was not so safe as it might be.
29 Sept. 3
I've just driven into work and in the space of five miles, I've spotted three drivers with mobile phones clasped to their ears.
†c. A short distance. Obsolete.
1609 T. Heywood xi. 287
His Sonne Sarpedon of the Troian race..Next whom Eusemus sat, distant a space.
Thane com the ladyis danceing in ane trece, And Nobilnes befoir thame come ane space.
1770 H. Brooke V. 11
The old Man, then, respectfully withdrawing a Space, I don't know you, my sweet Master, said he.
1813 W. Scott i. 11
Now Oswald stood a space aside.
1836 J. H. Newman III. vii. 105
He did not merely approach a space, and then stand as a coward.
a1872 T. B. Read House by Sea ii. iii, in
She..withdrew a space, to admire The beautiful collar of floral fire.
b. Typography. Any of certain small pieces of cast-metal of various thicknesses used to produce a blank or interval in a text. Cf. , .thin space: see .
1683 J. Moxon II. 215
Thin-spaces being..Cast only that the Compositer may Justifie his Lines the Truer.
1732 S. Palmer ii. ii. 123
They likewise invented such variety of spaces, as kept a beautiful distance between the words and made their impressions appear with the greatest neatness and exactness.
1771 P. Luckombe 279
The Dutch..cast the greatest part of their Spaces to thiner sized than most Compositors care for.
1808 C. Stower 161
Spaces are cast to such a regular gradation, that no excuse can be offered..for irregular spacing.
1889 25 Jan. 57/1
When movable types are used..the compositor, when the line is nearly completed, puts thicker or thinner spaces between the words.
1904 T. L. De Vinne i. 11
The lower case has fifty four boxes, which contain the lower-case characters, figures, points, spaces, and quadrats.
1963 W. C. Kenneison & A. J. B. Spilman 92
High quads (or spaces), spaces cast to the height of the shoulder of type.
2000 A. Campbell 169
Space, a ‘blank’ (nonprinting) spacer piece, used singly or in multiples, to create the spaces in text.
c. Telecommunications. An interval between consecutive marks in a mark–space signalling system such as telegraphy. Opposed to .
1840 S. F. B. Morse 2/1
Signs of letters consist in variations of the dots, marks, and dots and lines, and spaces of separation of the same formation as compose the signs of numerals.
1859 T. P. Shaffner xxxiv. 469
The length of the mark or of the space upon the ribbon paper will be precisely the same as the length of the contact made with the key.
1906 A. E. Kennelly xi. 153
A dash has the length of three dots, and the space separating dots or dashes in a letter are [sic] of dot length.
1954 26 230/1
The principle..is to explore the centre of each received signal element..to determine whether it is ‘mark’ or ‘space’, and use the information so obtained to initiate new signals of correct length.
1993 F. H. Hinsley in F. H. Hinsley & A. Stripp xviii. 142
Very accurate timing was required if their unbroken stream of elements was to be divided correctly into their components of mark and space.
Phrases and proverbs.
†P1. out of space: out of proper place or relationship; in confusion. Cf. sense . Obsolete. rare—1.
a1393 J. Gower
iv. l. 679 (MED)
Min herte..Som time of hire is sore adrad, And som time it is overglad, Al out of reule and out of space.
a. (for) a space : for a short period of time; for a while. Cf. sense . Now rare.
Theseus abiden hath a space Er any word cam from his wise brest.
A starne to be schynyng a space.
c1530 A. Barclay iii. sig. N
Ellys must he ryse and walke hymselfe a space.
1548 f. ccxxxviiiv
She with all the Ladyes entered the tentes, and there warmed them a space.
1574 J. Higgins Cordila f. 50v
If I departed for a space withall.
1655 in W. B. Cook
The session..suspends the sd William from his eldership for a space.
?1690 T. Watson in C. H. Spurgeon
VII. Ps. cxxxvii. 1
The other leaves..for a space hang down their heads.
1720 A. Pope tr. Homer V. xviii. 389
Yet a space I stay, Then swift pursue thee on the darksome way.
1767 H. Hartson v. 64
I wou'd have fled, but horror for a space Suspended every power.
1815 W. Scott v. xxxiii. 216
He paused a space, his brow he cross'd.
1877 ‘H. A. Page’ I. ii. 26
Meantime deep peace fell for a space on the family.
1883 July 270
Knights!..leave him lying here a space.
1930 3 216
I have made a trial of them and waited a space and thought it over.
1972 22 Dec. 1561/5
There they simmer down for a space, forget their mundane cares.
space of time n. a period of time.
He came to Nerbonne where he rested hym a lytel space of tyme.
1565 T. Cooper at Intercapedo
After a space of time.
1657 A. Sparrow
A good space of time to do it in.
1796 F. Burney I. ii. xiv. 371
To avoid them and their communications, for however short a space of time, was now her sole aim.
1880 A. H. Sayce I. 230
The number of the vibrations in any given space of time.
1926 Feb. 18/1
We want to accomplish as much as possible in the shortest space of time.
2004 Feb. 92/2
I've never learnt so much in such a short space of time.
c. (in the) mean space (see ).
†d. in space comes grace (cf. ). Obsolete.
[a1536 H. Newton in 65
In space comes fortune and grace.]
1546 J. Heywood i. iv. sig. B
In space comth grace.
a1556 N. Udall
iii. iii. sig. E.jv
Good happe is not hastie: yet in space comth grace.
1628 Z. Boyd ii. 186
The seedes of grace are like Corne, they are not ripe the first day they are sowen, but ripen by degrees: From this is that saying, Grace requyreth space, or in space commeth Grace.
1694 J. Strype App. 214
This being natural unto al that be in jeopardie of liffe..at the least to have tyme al desire: followeng that proverb, In space comyth grace.
†P3. from space to space: at (regular) intervals. Cf. sense . Obsolete.
1658 J. Evelyn tr. N. de Bonnefons 244
You shall rail the bed about (as I directed you concerning Salsifix) or else stake them from space to space, to which you shall tie them up.
It is divided from space to space into rings.
1763 J. Mills IV. 368
To hang upon the vines, from space to space (the nearer the better), phials half filled with sugared water.
1814 W. Scott I. ix. 114
A heavy balustrade, ornamented from space to space with huge grotesque figures of animals.
1831 W. Scott Count Robert vi, in 4th Ser. II. 150
A long,..arched passage, well supplied with air from space to space.
1873 W. D. Howells iii. 73
It is sheer rock, springing from the black water, and stretching upward with a weary, effort-like aspect, in long impulses of stone marked by deep seams from space to space.
P4. figurative. into space: into oblivion; completely out of sight or existence. Cf. sense .
1837 T. Carlyle I. i. i. 7
All Dubarrydom rushes off, with tumult, into infinite Space.
1873 A. Helps i. 6
The pamphlet has vanished into space.
1892 2 Apr. 451/2
He broke away,..and plunged, with a few followers, apparently into space!
1925 13 Aug. 15/5
The wine-maidens..vanished into space to leave a pleasant memory behind.
19 June 11
When I was in broadcast, I knew that if I screwed up a sound bite or quote, it would likely be forgotten quickly as the words vanished into space.
a. watch this space! : (originally Journalism) an injunction to observe this publication or advertising space closely for further developments or information. Now frequently figurative and in extended use. Cf. senses , .
1869 8 Jan.
The Vicksburg Times has a somewhat remarkable advertisement. The words ‘Watch this space closely–ten days—let the people be prepared’, occupy a half column in the paper.
1893 18 Nov.
By special arrangement this Space is reserved for our regular Advertisers. Our readers are requested to watch this space in their own interest.
1917 20 Jan. 15/2
Watch this Space.
1979 J. Rathbone iv. 44
Where is he? Watch this space for exciting revelations in the next few days.
12 July 5
He's got a three-year contract with New Zealand. We'll be keeping an eye on him, though, and three years down the line, well watch this space.
b. Journalism (originally U.S.) on space: on the basis of payment according to article length; (also) employed on this basis. Cf. sense .
1886 6 May
Working on space.
1890 14 Mar. 2/3
Other correspondents are generally paid on space for their work.
1894 E. L. Shuman 83
Articles by the beginner are nearly always submitted ‘on space’.
1902 E. Banks 202
The woman..if she is ‘on space’ will soon find the editors with ‘no work on hand to-day—sorry—hope something will turn up to-morrow’ attitudes.
1933 E. Waugh iii. i. 259
I've only been on the paper three weeks... It is the first time I've drawn any money... I'm ‘on space’, you see.
1971 D. Ayerst xxv. 357
Williams represented the Guardian in St Petersburg at first on a small salary..and then..on space.
2003 T. C. Smythe i. 7
The Herald sent George Alfred Townsend, an experienced, thirty-year-old reporter working on space (he was paid for expenses and the length of his articles) to Scuffletown.
a. (In sense .) With the sense ‘used for spacing (in printing, typing, etc.)’, as space-gauge , space-key, †space-line, space-rule; (also) ‘used for holding spaces’, as space-box, space-paper.
1755 J. Smith v. 122
Rules are either Brass rules, Metal rules, or Space rules.
1795 W. Caslon
Space lines, 4 to English and..4 to Pica.
1858 P. L. Simmonds
Space-lines, printers' leads for justifying, or filling up lines or words, made from 4 to 12 in pica.
1858 P. L. Simmonds
Space-rule, a thin piece of metal, type-height, of different lengths, used by compositors for making a delicate line in algebraic and other formulæ.
1875 E. H. Knight 2677/1
By holding the space-key [of a type-writer] down while an ‘I’ and ‘S’ are struck.
1888 C. T. Jacobi 129.
Space box, a small try with six or eight divisions.
1888 C. T. Jacobi 129.
Space paper, another term for ‘space barge’.
1895 E. Collyns 17
The space between the lines is regulated by the ‘Space Gauge’.
1904 T. L. De Vinne ii. 56
Space-rules are short pieces of metal rule of hairline face, on 2-point body, cast to even ems and ens of the regular bodies, but chiefly to bodies of 6- 8- 10- 12- and 18-point.
20 Sept. 10
Press the Space key after you have typed the complete word.
b. Relating to space (branch ) as a general concept, as space-consciousness, space continuum, space-effect, space-element, space harmony, space-image, space-occupancy, space-perception, space-relation, space-sensation, space-sense, space-symmetry, space-value, etc.
1841 M. Stuart 185
The original space-relation..may be easily discovered in a great variety of phrases which now designate causal relations.
1862 H. Spencer ii. vii. §71. 250
We can mentally diminish the velocity or space-element of motion.
1865 S. H. Hodgson ii. 75
The space-senses sight and touch..are brought into play simultaneously with the other senses.
1872 H. Spencer
II. vi. xiv. 196
Some space-consciousness accompanies the sensation of taste.
1872 J. R. Green
The most wonderful church in point of space-effect (if I may coin the word) I ever saw.
1875 G. H. Lewes II. 278
What is signified in speaking of material extension is space-occupancy.
1884 B. Bosanquet et al. tr. H. Lotze 286
It is essential that the directions..should be unmistakably distinguished in the space-image.
1890 W. James II. xx. 195
Let the movement bc, of a certain joint, derive its absolute space-value from the cutaneous feeling it is always capable of engendering.
1890 W. James II. xx. 219
We must..seek to discover by what means the circumstances can so have transformed a space-sensation.
1893 Apr. 483
It is contrary to all our experience of space-occupancy.
1911 W. James xi. 182
God, as the orthodox believe, created the space-continuum, with its infinite parts already standing in it, by an instantaneous fiat.
1924 R. M. Ogden tr. K. Koffka 72
Psychology of space-perception.
1932 F. L. Wright ii. 145
Freedom of floorspace and elimination of useless heights worked a miracle in the new dwelling place... An entirely new sense of space values in architecture came home.
1949 28 42/2
The student, by following a carefully phrased set of map instructions, works out the space relations (both geomatic and relative) as well as significant surface features.
1957 H. Read xxxi. 279
A distinction between an aesthetic consciousness determined by time-sense (music and poetry) and an aesthetic consciousness determined by space-sense (the plastic arts).
1965 W. Lamb iv. 56
The process of variation, sometimes under the heading Narrow-Wide, is recognized and figures as a component in ‘Space Harmonies’.
1979 11 Oct. 433/1
Depending on the symmetry of the lattice and of the arrangement of the atoms within each cell, a crystal is assigned to one of the 230 possible space-symmetry groups.
On the commercial level, they seek space-consciousness because space is expense right now.
c. Mathematics. space-coordinate, space-integral, space-point, etc.
1873 J. C. Maxwell II. 187
The work done by the force J 1 during the impulse is the space integral of the force.
1882 G. M. Minchin 87
The rolling of the Body Centrode on the Space Centrode.
Certain relations which held between the fluid velocities u, v, w, and their space-derivatives at any point of a rigid boundary.
1936 E. J. Berg
Here I is related to the space-variation of E in the same formal manner as E to the space-variation of I.
1970 G. K. Woodgate iii. 41
rr is the space-co-ordinate of the incident wave at the position of the ith electron.
2007 309 353/2
L13 and ωel are space-integral operators and position dependent quantities, respectively.
d. Originally U.S. ( In senses , , .) With the sense ‘paid by or assessed upon the extent of space occupied’, as space-artist, space-writer; space-bill, space rate, space writing; (also) relating to the purchase of (advertising, etc.) space, as space-buyer, space salesman.
1883 19 Aug. 4/4
Editorial writers..rarely make as much money as space writers.
1887 Oct. 858
The general substitution of ‘space writing’ for the work of salaried reporters.
1902 E. Banks 207
[By] the ‘guarantee space’ system..a member of the staff is guaranteed a stipulated sum of money every week, and as much over that amount as he or she makes by writing at ordinary or special space-rates.
1902 E. Banks 233
Space artists get paid two dollars a single-column cut.
1939 F. M. Ford 14 Mar.
You can be certain of occupying a certain space in the pages of the Review and being paid at the usual..space rates.
1948 G. V. Galwey i. 11
Mrs Lawson, the space~buyer of Rooster's.
1954 A. Koestler iv. xxxv. 377
Dr. Magnus..was now space-salesman for an obscure little Polish gazette.
1972 G. Bromley iii. 41
He's the chief space buyer.
1988 2 Sept. 14/2
With rare and splendid exceptions space salesmen are not statisticians.
2001 92 487
Howard suggested that Burbank's celebrity derived from the need for ‘space-writers’ to fill up column inches for an audience of ‘parlor naturalists and lovers of the wonderful in nature.’
e. (In sense ). With reference to outer space regarded as a field of human activity, as space bus, space conquest, space crew, space doctor, etc.Some of the more established compounds of this type are treated separately (see ). Many of them are modelled on analogous uses of air.
1931 21 May 410/1
Mr. Walsh's space-liner..travelling on the Earth–Mars–Venus route..derives nothing from its predecessors.
1939 L. del Rey in Aug. 15/1
In an emergency, no group of men on Earth can do the work that a space-crew can turn out in a scant half-hour.
1942 Mar. 73/2
I will make one more hypothesis: it is that we Earth people are today on the verge of space conquest, and that any race further advanced than we must have already mastered space flight.
1951 A. C. Clarke x. 126
Visiting space-crews..soon got bored if they had nothing to do between trips.
1953 J. N. Leonard xi. 103
Using the scientific method of dissecting a many-sided problem into its separate parts, the space doctors discuss and study the dangers of space individually.
1961 27 July 216
Ultimately, the space bus named Ranger will find its way to the moon, running on electric power drawn from the sun.
1961 100 184/1
The one-man ‘space tug’ would be used for assembling a large space-station in orbit.
1966 4 Dec. 2/7
American scientists are planning ‘space lifeboats’ to rescue the crews of disabled spaceships.
1970 28 355
The shape, the style, the form of an art museum must necessarily differ from that of a maritime museum or a natural history museum or a space museum.
1982 A. Hemingway i. 16
The castaway..was a former waiter on a spaceliner.
1989 5 60
The era of space conquest has now given way to an era of space exploitation.
22 Apr. a16
He then bit enthusiastically into a green apple—a traditional offering for space crews touching down in Kazakhstan.
f. Designating sprays designed to produce aerosol droplets that will remain suspended in the air for an extended period.
1948 12 Mar. 277/1
The space-spray tests were conducted in 100-cu ft cabinets.
1974 M. O. Johnson in J. J. Sciarra & L. Stoller xx. 541
Air fresheners and space bactericides.
1997 42 207/1
These involve the use of toxic insecticides which are applied either as a surface treatment, a space spray, or as a crack and crevice spray.
a. With adjectives and past participles, as space-based, space-cramped, space-dependent, space-embosomed, space-spanned, space-spread, †space-thick, etc.
1683 J. Moxon II. 99
Space thick; that is, one quarter so thick as the Body is high.
1845 P. J. Bailey
Visiting The spirits in their space-embosomed homes.
1845 P. J. Bailey
The shade Of Death's dark valley. And his space-spread wings.
1891 26 Jan. 3/1
Our extracts, space-cramped as they necessarily are.
1931 C. Day Lewis 45
Space-spanned, God-girdled, love will keep Its form, being planned of bone.
1958 I. Asimov viii. 107
Try getting rid of me against my will and you'll be looking down the throats of space-based artillery.
1962 D. R. Corson & P. Lorrain 534
Space~dependent functions can also be represented with the exponential notation.
1972 9 Feb. 3/8
The US is evolving..an entire space-based defence network.
Reagan had envisaged the development of space-based intercept systems.
b. With present participles and related nouns, as space-devouring, space-filling, space-occupying, space-penetrating, space-travelling , space-wasting, etc.
[1768 A. Tucker II. iii. 505
The all-space-filling Mundane soul.]
1800 90 81
The space-penetrating power is no higher than what will suffice for the purpose.
1817 S. T. Coleridge
The soul was a thinking substance, and the body a space-filling substance.
1839 P. J. Bailey 326
Space-pervading, oh! ye must be, Spirit-like, infinite.
1848 P. J. Bailey
Space-piercing shadow alighting on the face Of some fair planet.
1870 H. Spencer
ii. vi. §58. 187
The space-occupying kind of force.
1907 W. James 14 Feb.
The magnificent space-devouring Subway roaring me back and forth.
1929 Jan. 2/1
The telescope should be designed to give great space-penetrating power.
1934 C. Lambert ii. 108
His time travelling is like the space travelling of a character like Douglas Fairbanks.
1962 F. W. Householder in F. W. Householder & S. Saporta 281
Others objected to them as (a) space-wasting, (b) often irrelevant and unhelpful.
1979 J. Paton xv. 122
We've never encountered any other space-travelling civilisation.
1989 R. MacNeil i. 27
Like David's treatment by the gluttonous waiter or the space-hogging passengers on the coach to London.
13 Apr. 45
A mechanised, space-saving storage product, which uses underfloor cavities to maximise the living area in the home.
1957 15 Dec. 1/1
He said it could be handled by a national space agency.
1970 15 Apr. 1/5
This firm decision was taken today by the space agency in preference to the much riskier feat of attempting a landing a day earlier after a faster return.
1 Sept. iii. 1/4
The nation's space agency chose Lockheed Martin..to build the Orion crew exploration vehicle.
1955 16 Sept. 508/3
Research projects..are being conducted in the Space Biology Branch of the Aero-Medical Field Laboratory.
1977 J. Todd in S. Brand 49/2
During the hey-day of interest in space exploration (summer 1962) a symposium on the ecological aspects of space biology was convened.
1999 21 Oct. 758/1
Now is a quiet period in space biology.
1949 ‘R. Lafayette’ Beyond Black Nebula in Sept. 128/2
He was an old man, fifty-eight. And that was old for space exploration.
1969 7 June 2/8
Russia was spending a significantly higher percentage..on space exploration.
1989 C. Caufield
Cosmic radiation may be one of the most important limiting factors for future space exploration.
2005 4 Apr. 22/1
It's hard not to feel like an excited, nerdy eleven-year-old when perusing the lots of this sale of objects from the history of space exploration.
1935 27 May 20
Even I, seasoned space explorer that I am, can hardly believe that I was once an ‘ancient’ of the 20th century!
1959 K. Vonnegut i. 30
The state of mind on Earth with regard to space exploration was much like the state of mind in Europe..before Christopher Columbus set out... The monsters between space explorers and their goals were not imaginary.
1975 21 Apr. 108/2
It has turned out that our real space explorers have necessarily been practical men.
2004 Apr. 74/2
They consider the universe an extension of Earth, and want space explorers to be politically correct pacifists and environmentalists.
1901 H. G. Wells First Men in Moon xx, in May 507/2
All through the major portion of that vast space journey I hung thinking of such immaterial things.
1961 6 May 8/2
Cdr. Shepard's successful space journey is an immense relief not only to the Americans but the entire free world.
2003 Mar. 128/2
Human physiology remains the primary stumbling block to a prolonged space journey.
1953 R. A. Heinlein vii. 85
This he knew to be good space law, although the concatenation was long.
1960 17 Aug. 13/3
Mr Shawcross also announced that he would resign as chairman of the organising committee on space law, recently set up in London.
Space law, principles of law accepted by nations as binding on them and their nationals in engaging in activities in outer space..and in relation to celestial bodies.
2001 26 May 18/1
Who owns the ISS? What do the annals of space law say about it? Are there even ‘annals of space law’? Actually, there are. According to OOSA, the United Nations' Office for Outer Space Affairs, outer space is governed by five international treaties.
1931 J. M. Walsh iv. 40
A ticklish job..is this of space navigation.
1976 16 23/2
Time intervals in problems of space navigation and communication are often obtained by determining the phase of binary signals.
29 Dec. 28
The Europeans have united to start a space navigation system that no one else can turn off..or profit from.
1930 ‘G. Edwards’ Rescue from Jupiter in Feb. 778/1
He called the explorers in, the mechanics and engineers, the space-navigators and the rocket-experts.
1951 A. C. Clarke 82
His position is, clearly, only one of the things a space-navigator would want to know.
2000 Oct. 69/1
Chinese officials and newspapers prefer ‘yuhangyuan’, roughly translated as ‘space navigator’.
1932 J. W. Campbell in Spring 148/1
The change from the energy-less, flavored pastes that made up the principal bulk of a space-pilot's diet..was indeed a welcome change.
The man who rushed forward..could do little more than break the space-pilot's fall.
4 July 6
Brian Binnie piloted Space Ship One in October 2004 to become only the second civilian space pilot in history.
1952 17 Sept. 5/2
Most of the advances in space research have been in the past decade.
1957 1 43/1
The development of a system to control remotely a space-research vehicle.
2004 26 Jan. 28/1
In the fifties and sixties, military and space research did help make the United States a technological powerhouse.
1929 Dec. 793/2
Not having ourselves as yet conquered the problems of space-travel, we invite you to visit us on Neptune.
1978 I. Watson in C. Priest 13
What kind of space travel..? Well, they can only be going to the stars.
2006 21 Aug. a2/2
While taxpayer funds earmarked for the proposed cargo-haulers are relatively small by NASA standards..last week's announcement nevertheless marked a watershed for proponents of commercial space travel.
1928 Sept. 560/2
Baron Münchhausen's space-traveler (you told us) was surrounded by a network screen of ‘marconium.’
1976 22 July 83/3
A journey of merely five light years would take about 500,000 years... 15,000 generations of men and women..would successively replace the original crew of stellar space-travellers en route.
2005 20 Aug. 33/1
A food replicator could be a godsend not just to space travellers but to the food industry as well.
space age n. the period of human exploration and exploitation of outer space; frequently attributive designating things considered characteristic of this age esp. in being extremely modern or technically advanced.
1946 H. Harper i. i. 5
We have had an age of steam-power, an age of electricity and of the petrol engine, and an age of the air, and now with the coming of atomic power the world should, in due course, find itself in the space age.
1960 K. Amis iii. 80
The outset of the space age and the immense technological effort involved in it are obviously the propelling force of much science fiction today.
1963 8 June 96
The space-age, space-tested material that makes possible this smart, new look in luggage.
1980 7 Nov. 1258/4
Our space-age Palace of History—the new computerized Public Record Office at Kew.
9 Aug. 3
A designer renowned for his slick space-age style.
space-ager n. rare a person living in the space age.
1959 9 Mar. 13/5
One of the rockets, the space-ager firmly believes, will have him aboard.
I still pick that old receiver off the wall, not like these trendy space-agers who pull cellphones out of their jean pockets.
space-agey adj. relating to or characteristic of the space age.
1962 28 Nov. 781/1
A modern caravan..trying to look zippy and space-agey.
23 June (Weekend section) 19
‘Metamorphoses’ isn't a space-agey fantasy.
2004 1 Jan. 17/3
The fad's space-agey outfits are body obscuring, asexual and modern only if you view them from the 1960s.
space alien n. Science Fiction = .
1954 May 134
Cinema-makers are now trying to avoid further boycotts by using space aliens for villains. But suppose some of our Extraterrestrial neighbors are also a bit touchy?
2003 13 Jan. 45/1
A secretive sect led by a Frenchman who..believes in space aliens, announced..that it had cloned a baby girl.
space-averaged adj. Physics averaged over a region of space; contrasted with time-averaged.
1946 26 Oct. 582/2
Such time- or space-averaged statistical structures are becoming increasingly familiar to X-ray crystallographers.
1962 D. R. Corson & P. Lorrain iii. 91
To find the space-averaged field intensity produced by the dipoles, we calculate the field intensity at O..and then repeat this calculation for many other points O′.
1997 37 821
The hue of individual squares and space-averaged luminance were held constant.
spaceband n. Typography (in a typesetting machine) a pair of movable metal wedges used between words to space and justify the line; (hence in desktop publishing) a space between two words.
1895 2 Feb. 1/5
During the time that the Mold Wheel has been turning..the First Elevator has ascended, the Space Bands or Spaces have been returned to their proper places [etc.].
1904 C. T. Jacobi
A stationary box..contains a series of space-bands.
1957 XVIII. 502/2
By touching another key, a double wedge spaceband is placed between the words.
Monotype's Agency Fit includes an XTension that lets you kern space bands in a selected story or range or throughout a QuarkXPress document.
2002 P. Baines & A. Haslam iv. 80/1
They form a line and have expanding spacebands inserted in the assembler.
18 Nov. a4
We have added six letters and a spaceband to the piece.
space bar n. a long horizontal key positioned in the centre of the lowermost row of a standard computer or typewriter keyboard, which when pressed inserts a space into the text being typed.
1887 13 July
Some [typists] use only the forefinger of each hand..while the number of those who strike the space bar with their finger instead of with the thumb is legion.
1919 B. De Bear 22
You depress the space-bar whenever you want to leave a space in a line of the work.
1990 Apr. 75/4
When the writing comes up..press the ‘space bar’ many times.
19 Sept. 3
With more and more employees eating lunch at their desks..there's also a risk of hampering your keyboard's functionality—nothing like some sticky soy sauce to make the spacebar jam.
space barge n. Typography (now rare) a holder for spaces (cf. sense ).
1888 C. T. Jacobi 129
Space barge, a piece of card or thick paper used to hold spaces on whilst correcting a forme.
space blanket n. a lightweight metal-coated sheet of synthetic material which retains heat by reflection, used esp. around injured and shocked patients to keep them warm (based on similar materials developed for use in space).
1966 15 June 2/3
NRC Space Blanket..7.95.
1970 3 Oct. 680/1
Subsequent cases were covered by a sheet and blanket, or an aluminium ‘space blanket’.
18 June (Sports section) 11 c
About 100 feet past the finish line, volunteers were busy all morning and afternoon handing out space blankets and cups of ice water.
space cabin n. Astronautics a chamber designed to support human life in space; the crew's quarters in a spacecraft.
1948 7 83
You may now determine the exact distance of the imaginary orbit from the equally imaginary space window by drawing a side elevation of the space cabin, the window opening, and as much of first field as you need.
1961 10 Mar. 1/5
As on previous occasions in this series of Russian experiments, the space cabin, as it is called, weighed 4·5 tons.
2004 54 128/2
The system..controls five subsystems that are critical to maintain adequate atmospheric conditions in the space cabin.
space cadet n.
(a) a trainee spaceman or spacewoman; also in extended use;
(b) slang a person regarded as out of touch with reality, esp. (as if) as a result of taking drugs; a person prone to flights of fancy or irrational or strange behaviour.
1948 R. A. Heinlein
1952 13 Oct. 39/2
Test pilot A. M. ‘Tex’ Johnston..resembles a space cadet in the new high~altitude helmet and suit designed to protect pilots in the upper air.
1958 C. C. Adams et al. p. vii
There have been space books for children—our present space cadets and future rocket pilots.
(Univ. North Carolina, Chapel Hill)
Space cadette [sic], someone who acts spaced out, i.e., as if he has been on drugs: out of touch with reality.
1978 8 Oct. h1/2
‘Drugs can be fun.’ He says this matter-of-factly, although he often makes jokes about ‘space cadets’.
1987 21 Oct. 36/1
You need never be considered a Space Cadet (dumbo) again.
1992 Feb. 69/1
What those old space cadets were actually boldly going around in were shell suits.
2002 May 106/1
The best tracks on Uninvisible sound like a convincing meld of meat-and-potatoes organists like Freddie Roach and space cadets like Sun Ra.
2005 Dec. 62/2
I also wrote The Planets because I love space. I'm a card-carrying space cadet at heart.
space cake n. slang a cake containing cannabis, eaten as an intoxicant.
1984 7 Oct. ii. 124/2
A fellow was selling some sort of pastry stacked on a rickety card table, with a sign taped to the table reading, ‘Space Cakes—made with genuine Lebanese hash’.
2001 S. Walton
The recipe for hash brownies..in her celebrated cookbook has spawned a million space cakes and dope biscuits.
space capsule n. Astronautics a small spacecraft or a self-contained part of a larger one that contains the instruments or crew for a space flight.
[1952 C. S. White & O. O. Benson 515
It would appear that escape at higher altitudes, or in space, will be accomplished by a larger, multiplace version of the escape capsule.]
1954 17 Feb. 30/2
With the aid of a space capsule it can be done, but it won't be fun.
The larger two-man Gemini space capsules, orbiting for a fortnight on end.
1977 G. Scott x. 88
It starts..with the space capsule... A Russian satellite, one of the Cosmos series.
2000 59 36
For Jameson, the building is like an alien ship, a space capsule.
space case n. colloquial = .In quot. probably: a person suffering from a lack of space.
1972 11 Sept. 16
Are you a space case—Suffering from neighboritis—Move up to privacy on almost 1/2 acre lot into this spacious colonial.
1977 24 389
The ‘space case’ is an individual viewed by peers as delusionary and unpredictable.
2006 Nov. 90/1
Who do I put at center mid, the crotch-tugging kid with the world's smallest bladder or the attention-deficit space case?
space chamber n. a chamber in which conditions in space or in a spacecraft can be simulated.
1959 23 Feb. 11/7
Col. Steinkamp and his colleagues have been carrying out interesting tests, lasting from four hours to a week, in a sealed ‘space chamber’.
1966 7 Jan. 10
The Air Force has been testing the ability of men to live for long periods in a new gas mixture that may be used in space ships... There have been two short tests in ‘space chambers’.
1998 12 Sept. 34/2
They fired gaseous water and PAHs such as naphthalene and anthracene one at a time on to the simulated ‘dust grains’ in the space chamber.
space charge n. Electronics a collection of particles with a net electric charge occupying a volume, either in free space or in a device; frequently attributive.
1913 2 450
The effect of space charge and the residual gases on thermionic currents in high vacuum.
1921 18 56
The maximum space-charge limited current was the same for each [tube].
1962 J. H. Simpson & R. S. Richards iv. 54
The region AB is often referred to as the space-charge or depletion region.
2000 J. McFall tr. K. Wille vii. 205
The third and most significant current limitation is due to the space charge effect.
space club n. a notional group made up of nations with successful space programmes; (also occasionally) a consortium of nations formed to cooperate in space research and development.
1960 22 Sept. 12/1
British plan to form space club. Sharing costs of satellite launchings.
1970 3 Sept. 5
Britain failed to join the ‘space club’ yesterday because of a fault in the second stage of the Black Arrow rocket fired from Woomera, Australia.
In the three decades of its existence, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has thrust India into the space club of a handful of nations by building over a dozen sophisticated satellites.
space colony n. chiefly Science Fiction a large group of people imagined as living and working in a space station or on another planet.
1932 P. S. Miller in June 91/2
No author can present vividly and realistically for the benefit of the latter, experienced readers certain problems of future life and relations, of life in space ships and space colonies.
1974 19 May iv. 6/1
The space colonies..would provide an alternative to earth if the earth's resources ever reach the point of depletion.
1996 D. Rushkoff ii. 73
Meanwhile, many children born on the space colonies have mutated.
space curve n. Geometry a curve that is not confined to a single plane.
The projection of the space-curve beyond the last hour-circle gives 24x.
1953 Catal. Dover Bks. in S. K. Langer
Covers space curves, osculating planes, moving axes,..etc.
2007 24 238
It is impossible to parameterize any space curve, other than a straight line, by rational functions of its arc length.
space debris n. natural and man-made debris floating in space, esp. in earth orbit (cf. ).
1931 Sept. 393/1
The three in the pilot-house could see that around and between the ships of the wreck-pack floated much other matter—fragments of wreckage, meteors, small and large, and space-debris of every sort.
1953 27 Dec. 8 a/4
Nobody knows how many comets may be emerging from his [sc. Oort's] reservoir of space debris, but their numbers could run into the millions.
1988 B. Mukherjee in M. Atwood
At least they've stopped talking about space debris and Russian lasers.
3 June iv. 2/2
Scientists consider space debris, which includes discarded rocket parts and small rocks, to be the biggest threat to the space station.
space density n. Astronomy and Electronics frequency of occurrence per specified volume of space.
1923 A. 102 737
We can see, in a general way, the effect of this space density of the electrons on the current potential curves.
1978 10 Aug. 569/1
RS Canum Venaticorum systems are the most plentiful binary stars known, having a space density of at least 10–6 systems pc–3.
1996 37 524
This is about all that can be gleaned immediately from the diagram—the space density of powerful radio sources is less than the space density of their weaker brethren.
space-dyed adj. designating yarn or thread which is dyed in two or more colours at alternating intervals along its length; (also) made with such yarn or thread.
1947 2 Mar. 4/8
For Sale—knitting supplies,..space dyed yarns, also instruction.
1972 3 Jan. ii. 2/1
Mandarin tapestry patterns..coordinated with space-dyed sweaters.
2006 Spring 18/1
How to use the yarn you've dyed, be it solid, painted, or space dyed.
space elevator n. any of various proposed structures extending from the earth upwards for many miles as a means of transporting materials into space, esp. one consisting of a tether linked to a geosynchronous satellite orbiting the earth; cf. , .
1979 A. C. Clarke 51
At last we can build the Space Elevator—or the Orbital Tower, as I prefer to call it.
2004 29 Apr. 40/2
Meanwhile the high cost of getting from the Earth to low orbit could be avoided by building a space elevator—essentially a cable attached to the ground at the bottom and to a geosynchronous satellite at the top.
space fiction n. science fiction involving space travel or set in outer space, on other planets, etc.
1952 May 2/1
We like good space fiction, and we intend to bring you the best of it... The space-opera of flashing rayguns and invincible heroes has long since been overdone.
1960 19 Aug. 5/4
A frantic urge for escape, but where to? Astrology, necromancy, space-fiction?
1979 14 Dec. 13/3
Star Trek is the latest in an increasing number of space fiction films which..tend to find individuality.
29 Aug. 29
These are just two examples of how space fiction has accurately forecast the future.
space-fictional adj. rare of or relating to space fiction.
space-filler n. something that serves to occupy an otherwise vacant space; spec. a brief or insignificant item in a newspaper or magazine.
1886 7 199
On the amphora we have two figures added to fill up the ampler space. I attach no mythological importance to them; they are primarily space fillers.
1911 H. S. Harrison xviii. 232
There's a little squib about the college that may serve as a space-filler.
1972 July 13/3
I have written some poetry, mostly nonserious, that has found its way into medical journals as space-filler.
2001 I. Sinclair
i. iii. 38
Poets..nodded in gleeful sympathy at natural cullings, kindly cancers that had carried off a few more anthology space-fillers.
space fleet n. chiefly Science Fiction a fleet of spacecraft.
1931 P. Nowlan in 3 May 1
The electronographs and television show a strange space fleet flashing toward Venus in battle formation!!
1958 10 528
A single space-fleet under the control of some genuinely international organization could forestall the kind of armaments race that such a prospect of dominance might start.
1979 J. Paton 23
William Robert Mahony, ex-Captain, Space Fleet, aged 46.
Visionary business leaders..have already begun building space fleets, and are engaged in the initial stages of building marketing organizations for commercial space flight.
space flight n. a journey in or into outer space; (as a mass noun) space-travel generally.
1931 Jan. 900/1
We know now what conditions are necessary for a space flight... After all space flying is too great a matter to be limited by national pride and jealousy.
1949 A. C. Clarke
There is a timelessness about space-flight..unmatched by any other experience of man.
1978 J. Updike
The hollow head with which a mummified Pharaoh is helmeted for his space-flight.
2005 8 Nov. i. 9/1
What few studies have been done in the past show there are some significant differences between the sexes when it comes to space flight.
space flyer n.
(a) a spacecraft (rare);
(b) an astronaut.
1911 Nov. 516/1
He knew now that Fernand 60O 10 had carried off his sweetheart in a space-flyer and that the machine by this time was probably far out from the earth's boundary.
1931 Feb. 958
To old and seasoned space~fliers like Professor Galloway and myself, there was something ludicrous in all this emotional bustle..over a little hop to the Moon.
1962 M. V. Glenny tr. H. Gartmann 130/1
The space flyer will..encounter two opposed physical conditions: pressure and weightlessness.
3 June a7
Atlantis' crew has three spaceflight veterans and four first-time spacefliers.
space frame n. Engineering a three-dimensional structural framework designed to behave as an integral unit and to withstand loads applied at any point.
1912 A. Morley xiii. 380
1933 A. 139 477
Recent developments, more particularly in aeronautics, have introduced types of structure which can only be discussed as examples of ‘space frames’.
2002 11 Nov. 111/2
The first..is beguilingly simple: build autos around a ‘space frame’—a single welded structure that integrates a safety cage with the heavy rails that give a car its stiffness.
† space-government n.
[after Italian interregno (1585 in the passage translated in quot. )]
Obsolete rare an interim government, an interregnum.
1600 E. Blount tr. G. F. di Conestaggio 261
Knowing there was a space-gouernement [It. interregno], with likelihood of warre.
space gun n. Astronautics
(a) a large gun which projects a spacecraft into space;
(b) a hand-held gun whose recoil is used by an astronaut to propel himself or herself.
1935 H. G. Wells 12
The stormy victory of the new ideas as the Space Gun fires and the moon cylinder starts on its momentous journey.
1954 K. W. Gatland
All the propellant could be consumed in the first second of take-off—as Jules Verne proposed in his famous ‘space-gun’.
1968 43 166
Space gun, a handheld instrument used to propel an astronaut outside the capsule.
1970 N. Armstrong et al. viii. 180
This was where I had to use the little space gun.
1999 61 126
The potential of the linear induction mass driver or ‘rail gun’ or ‘spacegun’ would drastically reduce costs of launching materials.
space heater n. any self-contained appliance for heating an enclosed space.
1913 25 Oct. 7
Take the chill off your room these cold mornings with a gas space heater.
The stove..is primarily designed as a boiling ring but it will also serve as a space heater.
27 Nov. e1
Tossing a jacket over a chair or hanging it on a doorknob may invite disaster from a nearby spaceheater. They are not meant to be clothes dryers.
space heating n. the action or practice of using a self-contained heater to heat an enclosed space; frequentlyattributive.
1930 6 41/1
Gas..can compete with other fuels that are considerably cheaper. This is especially true in all the domestic heating requirements except space heating.
1934 13 234
The open fire is still..the most widely-used domestic space~heating appliance.
1973 17 Mar 12/5
What is especially intolerable..is that..electricity with a starting efficiency of only 20 per cent or so is allowed to be sold for space heating, a role particularly suitable for the 80 per cent of low grade heat that has been thrown away.
1990 B. Bodlund et al. in J. Leggett xiv. 326
Electric space-heating in industry is included as an end-use in the industrial model, rather than in the space-heating model.
2001 S. Roaf et al.
Materials..capable of absorbing and storing heat, are placed below south facing windows. During the heating season they help to store heat, reducing the need for space heating.
space helmet n. a helmet worn by an astronaut to provide air and protect the head; also in extended use.
1931 M. W. Wellman Sept. 544/1
He took the glass-fronted space helmet and adjusted it on Thiana's head.
1973 29 Aug. 3/2
Scientists are developing a ‘space helmet’ respirator to protect miners against dust.
2000 20 Feb. (Seven Days section) 2/5
The picture of the first man on the moon with the shiny suit, with an almost rayban mirror on the space helmet.
space-helmeted adj. wearing a space helmet; (also) wearing a helmet that resembles a space helmet.
1957 22 July 52/1
From a sealed chamber like the cabin of a rocket ship, and from space-helmeted human guinea pigs who live in it, medical researchers..hope to learn answers to some fundamental questions about the body's consumption of fuel and oxygen.
1982 D. MacKenzie x. 94
A space-helmeted motorcyclist.
30 Aug. a2
A space-helmeted golden retriever sitting amid the stars with an American flag, a flying saucer and a ringed planet in the background.
space hopper n.
(also with capital initial(s))
chiefly British an inflatable rubber globe with flexible handles, designed for children to ride by sitting on it and bouncing about (a proprietary name in the United Kingdom).
(Central Valley ed.)
23 May b4
Spacehopper. Inflatable riding toy.
1971 2 June 15/1
Among our other successful toys, ‘Wembley balls’, ‘Space-hoppers’ and ‘Petite’ typewriters continue to live up to our best expectations.
2000 W. Self
I joshed the clerks..bouncing through the old offices on their orange Spacehoppers.
space industry n. the sector of industry which manufactures goods and materials in connection with space technology.
1957 13 Nov. 4/4
No one in the infant space industry is much surprised when a young engineer-scientist drops dead of a heart attack at 35.
1972 10 July 11/2
The unhappy fragmental European space industry.
2007 Jan. 24/1
Dichroic glass..is a spin off from the space industry.
Space Invaders n.
(also with lower-case initials)
(a proprietary name for) an early animated computer game in which a player attempts to shoot down a fleet of attacking enemy spaceships while simultaneously avoiding their fire; (also) the attacking force itself.
1979 23 Sept. vii. 17/1
Nobody likes to be a loser, but when playing Space Invaders, most gamesters don't seem to mind.
1980 2 Feb. 8/3
Driven out of the BR station buffet by bleeping Space Invaders.
1997 A. Garland 145
Luckily I discovered that the café had an old Space Invaders machine, so for me the waiting wasn't so bad.
For those of us who frittered our formative years away blasting blocky space invaders, video games today can widen the eyes and slacken the jaw.
space junk n. originally U.S. debris, usually man-made, floating in space, esp. in earth orbit (cf. ).
1951 30 Sept. (Comics section) 50
Saturn..is, of course, noted for the ring of meteors, and space-junk around it.
1958 1 Aug. 12/1
Blowing up the old satellites with time bombs is no solution because the pieces would still orbit and become space junk.
1965 27 May 9/5
Radio signals bounce from ‘space junk’.
2001 Jan. 9/3
A bit of space junk as big as a double-decker bus exploded in the desert near Uluru (Ayer's Rock) in Australia.
space lab n. Astronautics = ; spec. (as Spacelab) one carried into earth orbit by the American space shuttle between 1983 and 1998.
1955 30 July 7/8
Soviets working on space ‘lab’.
1975 K. W. Gatland xv. 246
Hatches on top of the cargo compartment will open to permit Space Lab to be hinged out into space.
1980 T. Furniss 30/2
One of the payloads the Shuttle carries is the Spacelab research station.
1993 July 59/1
The lazily pinwheeling Russian space-lab.
Latches fastened the shuttle and orbiting space lab together at 3:36 p.m. EDT.
space laboratory n. Astronautics a laboratory in space, esp. a small earth-orbiting space station equipped as a laboratory; (also) a terrestrial laboratory that specializes in space research.
1954 A. C. Clarke vi. 42
1973 28 May 2/2
The battered American space laboratory, Skylab, cooling parasol now clutched tightly over her gold-foiled head.
2000 Apr. 126/1
Jeff Ridley [is] a remote-sensing specialist with the Mullard Space Laboratory at University College London.
space lattice n.
[after German Raumgitter (1888 in the passage translated in quot. )]
Crystallography a regular, indefinitely repeated array of points in three dimensions in which the points lie at the intersections of three sets of parallel equidistant planes and every point is surrounded by the same pattern of points in the same orientation; a three-dimensional Bravais lattice.
1895 W. J. Pope tr. A. Fock ii. 12
Frankenheim..found that fifteen different space-lattices are possible, and then, having deduced from the cleavage and general habit of crystals that fifteen fundamental forms of crystals are possible, he showed that these latter in many respects correspond with the lattices.
1923 R. Glazebrook IV. 18/2
In the crystals of very simple chemical compounds..the space-lattice is directly formed by the chemical atoms. In the more complicated crystalline substances..the space-lattice points are surrounded or replaced by groups of atoms.
1973 J. G. Tweeddale I. iii. 59
Although there are countless varieties of crystals, there can be only 14 types of space lattice.
2007 271 25/1
A cubic unit cell of the Yee space lattice.
space launcher n. Astronautics a rocket or other vehicle used to carry spacecraft into space.
1955 7 Oct. 8/3
Space launcher work begins... The Defense Department announced last night that ‘work has begun’ on the project to put a small artificial satellite into far space to circle the Earth.
1976 11 June 1072/1
The Soviet Union..continues to maintain a large space effort, as measured by number of launches, number of new missile and space launcher types, [etc.].
1994 T. Clancy iv. 77
BECO meant booster-engine cutoff, because he was thinking in terms of a space launcher.
space lift n.
an act of transporting goods or personnel in space.
1954 ‘J. Christopher’ 65
As many as possible would be got away to those planets by a full space lift.
What then might be realized is a joint use of the nationally developed space hardware in a space~lift of supplies to obtain the first firm footholds on the Moon in the shape of a scientific base.
27 May a28
A 1998 State Department analysis..found Hughes's interactions with the Chinese ‘resulted in significant improvement to the Chinese spacelift program’.
space medicine n. Medicine the branch of medicine concerned with the physiological effects of being in space.
1949 12 Sept. 29/2
The U.S. Air Force's School of Aviation Medicine..has set up an interplanetary research section, [and] named it the Department of Space Medicine.
1979 5 542
The use of seismocardiography in clinical, athletic, and space medicine..is..a promising development.
20 Mar. (Education Section) 12
Nangalia is keen to stress that space medicine is not just an escape pod from everyday clinical life.
space music n. music which seeks to convey an impression of space or spatial organization, or to evoke outer space; cf. .
1961 47 246
A sort of space music for four choruses and four orchestras, which are placed at the four corners of the hall..and then for half an hour make music one after the other, one against the other, one with the other, and in and through each other..spatially, that is.
1963 30 Apr. 15/1
A ‘poème plastique’, written in 1918, uses the very up-to-date idea of instrumental units separated in space; a kind of early stereophonic, space music.
1977 ‘J. le Carré’ xix. 467
Jerry..walked into the reception room... Space music was playing and there was even conversation under it.
1998 K. Eshun ix. 162
The polyrhythmaze volatizes the weightless zero of traditional space music with the perpetual motility and runaway complexity of molecular rhythm.
space myopia n. Ophthalmology the tendency of the human eye, in a featureless visual field, to focus to a distance of only 1–2 metres.This can result in a failure to see objects at greater distances and is a particular problem for aircraft pilots.
1962 F. I. Ordway et al. xii. 474
Other visual phenomena associated with space flight include space myopia... Looking out into the darkness of space, the astronaut would not know whether his eyes were focused at infinity or only a few feet from his ship.
1975 22 Aug. 647/2
In the case of empty field or space myopia, there are no contours or texture to serve as a stimulus for accommodation.
The neutral resting state of the eye can be referred to as ‘tonic accommodation’, ‘space myopia’ and ‘sky myopia’.
space needle n.
(a) each of a large number of short copper fibres placed experimentally in earth orbit to reflect communication signals (now rare);
(b) a very tall, slender tower; spec. that opened in Seattle, United States, in 1962.
1961 23 Oct. 1/3
Space needles begin to form radio band.
1972 66 307
Although the ‘space needles’ apparently produced no lasting detrimental effect, the scientific community called for more thorough evaluation internationally before similar experiments were undertaken.
7 Nov. (Labor) 79
Seattle is taking part of its 15 millions to remodel the zoo and the Seattle Center complex, site of the famous ‘space needle’.
2000 A. Bourdain
The plates were white, no SB logo.., oddball novelty shapes, football field sizes or ozone layer-puncturing space needles of verticality.
space nerve n.
[after German Raumnerv or French nerf de l'espace (both E. Cyon 1877, in Comptes rendus hebd. de l'Acad. des Sci. 85 1285)]
Anatomy (now disused) a branch of the auditory nerve that supplies the semicircular canals.
[1878 3 563
There should..be distinguished from the nerve of hearing in the eighth pair (which has besides, in fact, two origins) the ‘nerve of space’.]
1880 H. C. Bastian xxiii. 470
It must, moreover, not be forgotten that, according to Cyon.., what is named by him as the Space-nerve (Raumnerv) is also bound up with..the trunk commonly known as the ‘Auditory’.
1925 T. McCrae
The central connections of the nuclei of the ‘space nerve’ with those of the ocular muscles are very close.
space observatory n. Astronautics an astronomical observatory in space, esp. a remotely controlled one in earth orbit.
1952 F. L. Whipple in C. Ryan 136
Our space observatory can give us vital information as to how some stars die in a spectacular blaze of glory.
1972 22 Aug. 2/4
A space observatory, Copernicus, was launched here today, the fourth to be put in orbit.
1997 27 Sept. 200/1
The Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) spends much of its time studying dying stars in the Milky Way and emissions from galaxies lying far beyond it.
space-occupying lesion n. Medicine a tumour or other mass which displaces or compresses normal tissue.
1937 5 June 1355/2
It is surprising that in the absence of a space-occupying lesion or abnormally fragile blood-vessel, the central nervous system can sustain such an insult without apparent damage.
21 Aug. 24
The symptoms persisted and he was found to have a 4mm space occupying lesion in the occipital lobe of the left side of the brain.
space opera n.
originally U.S. a science fiction story or drama set in space; space fiction esp. of an unsophisticated or clichéd type.
1941 ‘B. Tucker’ in Jan. 9
In these hectic days of phrase-coining, we offer one. Westerns are called ‘horse operas’, the morning housewife tear-jerkers are called ‘soap operas’. For the hacky, grinding, stinking, outworn space-ship yarn, or world-saving for that matter, we offer ‘space opera’.
1949 24 Dec. 7/3
No less than eight of this year's crop of science-fiction novels are what is known in the trade as ‘space operas’—books built round the theme of interplanetary travel.
1960 K. Amis ii. 44
In space-opera, Mars takes the place of Arizona with a few physical alterations, the hero totes a blaster instead of a six-gun.
27 Oct. 48
The..laser-targeted space opera packs more drive and charm than its CGI-stunted prequels.
space-order n. an ordering of points, objects, or events in space.
1876 Nov. 546
Hence the perfect space order which reigns in many of our dreams, and which serves to give such a degree of objective reality to our fancies, must be referred to association as much as any accidental sequence of ideas.
1890 W. James II. xx. 276
The obvious objection is that mere serial order is a genus, and space-order a very peculiar species of that genus.
1927 B. Russell iv. 50
A written word is a series of pieces of matter, having an essential space-order.
1983 84 12
Connect your sentences with words that show space order, such as on top of, next to, beside.
space physics n. the branch of physics concerned with outer space and celestial objects, esp. ones within the solar system.
1955 31 July a19/7
Space medicine is a much more difficult subject than space physics.
1962 F. I. Ordway et al. iv. 117
An important characteristic of space physics is that it is closely related to two aspects of geophysics, namely atmospheric physics and ionospherics.
1996 37 613
University students can spend a year studying atmospheric/space physics.
spaceplane n. Astronautics a reusable rocket-powered spacecraft resembling a winged aircraft, which lands like a conventional aircraft or glider; cf. .A spaceplane may be either a suborbital type that is lifted by a carrier aircraft before ascending further, or an orbital type that takes off vertically.
1957 24 Dec. b8/2
Manned space planes and not missiles will determine victory in the next war.
1978 29 Jan. 26
Designed to take off like a rocket, fly in orbit like a spacecraft, and return to a runway landing like a glider, these huge spaceplanes are expected to make the near reaches of space more accessible than ever before.
1992 Mar. 40/1
The H-2 is designed to give Japan independent means of lofting heavy satellites and space probes, and eventually, its own spaceplane named Hope.
2005 C. Stross vi. 234
This is her first and final vacation before the Franklin Trust straps her inside the payload pod of a Shenzhou spaceplane and blasts her into orbit from Xinkiang.
space platform n. Astronautics =
1951 2 Aug. 6/1
American scientists would have at least an outside chance for success if they started work today on a space platform that would circle the earth indefinitely.
1980 M. Babson vii. 47
She'd crashed like a chunk of rubble from an abandoned space platform.
2003 12 Dec. b1/1
Building a space platform at the orbital point called L1..turns out to be one way to test it, launching nuclear-propelled spacecraft to the moon.
space port n. a base or facility from which spacecraft are launched; (in science fiction) a place at which spaceships take off and land.
1930 M. J. Breuer & J. Williamson in Winter 29/1
The space-ports at the three great cities, were, of course, occupied or blockaded by the Tellurian fleets; and Doane was obliged to make his bases of operations the lonely craters that once had been pirate strongholds.
1962 23 Feb. 11
After these few words, Glenn set out for the ride through brilliant sunshine to this space port—where it all began—and his meeting with President Kennedy.
1977 30 May 45/2
For one scene, set in a brawling space-port bar, the casting director went to a London firm called Uglies, Ltd.
2007 61 89/2
The Moon is Earth's natural spaceport and can be used for a number of scientific and industrial space applications.
space probe n. Astronautics an unmanned spacecraft for research or reconnaissance.
[1955 E. Burgess viii. 152
We would then have the deep-space probe.]
1958 20 Nov. 822/1
Direct contact between some form of space probe and the moon..must be close at hand.
A Russian space probe has revealed that the lower layers [of Venus] are extremely dense.
1990 J. D. Barrow
Certain species of complexity, those that are advanced enough to launch spaceprobes or send radio messages, either do not exist or do not wish to communicate.
23 June d12
Many of the pictures from Hubble and other space probes are ‘false colour’ pictures that do not look like the object at all.
space programme n. a programme of space exploration and research into space technology.
1958 6 Sept. 263/2
It was Congress, rather than the President, that took the initiative in pushing a space programme.
1977 B. Langley ii. 23
A number of senators had a vested interest in seeing that the space programme continued.
18 May c4/2
Another Air Force space program..aims to hurl cylinders of tungsten, titanium or uranium from the edge of space to destroy targets on the ground.
space race n. the competition between nations to be first to achieve any of various objectives in space exploration.
1955 8 May
If we beat the Russians in this space race, it will be because we've been free to make mistakes.
1967 M. Kenyon iii. 31
If you've got something which could keep the same men..in the capsules..the space race would be won.
1978 9 Mar. 119/2
Czechoslovakia has won the ‘little space race’ for the third nation to put a citizen into orbit.
11 June 8
The world's superpowers have always dominated the space race.
space-reddened adj. Astronomy (now rare) (of a star) that has been subject to space reddening; cf.
1938 5 246
The implication is that distant stars showing B-type absorption are space-reddened.
1959 24 Dec. 1111/2
The stars are said to be space-reddened. In the same way atmospheric dust causes the sun to appear red at sunset.
space reddening n. Astronomy (now rare) the reddening of starlight as a result of wavelength-dependent absorption and scattering by interstellar dust.
1931 75 392
The differential absorption or space reddening at 1000 parsecs in the galactic plane is unquestionably real.
1951 24 May 3/3
Even here some considerable space-reddening exists.
space relay n. Astronautics a radio relay station set in space.
1958 4 Dec. 910/1
The result implied that the moon could be used as a space relay for transatlantic radio communication.
1988 17 143
This experiment pleads for an actual international S-Band network, capable of positioning satellites until the end of the 90's when space relay systems are able to provide by themselves this kind of service.
Even the future satellite transmission route remains open to question because both platforms presently use rival space relays.
space rock n. Music a type of progressive rock music characterized by ambient instrumental passages and themes taken from science fiction (cf. ).
1970 12 Dec. 15/3
The band has managed to retain its strong character through a dozen changes of..style, from folk/rock through space/rock and raga/rock to country/rock.
2005 Dec. 68/3
Landing's music is a minimalist strand of space rock, where skeletal structures are stretched out to form epic, near static blocks of sound.
space rocket n. a rocket designed to travel beyond the earth's atmosphere.
1928 28 Apr.
Prof. Goddard has said the space rocket is no idle dream but an actual scientific possibility.
1958 16 Oct. 606/1
A space-rocket, aimed towards the moon, is successfully launched from Cape Canaveral.
2000 Autumn 43/2
Vaudevillian booze jokes..fly as fast as the film's space-rocket speeding merrily to Mars.
1952 2 Aug. 4/6
An annual space symposium... Includes discussions and presentation of papers in such fields as space communication, building a space satellite.
1974 P. Cattermole vi. 74
Unmanned space satellites had been approved by the U.S. Government.
2004 22 Aug. 136/2
With her network of spyware—from thumbprinting, retinal scanning, and face-recognition to snapshooting space satellites—she can see through the walls like Superman.
space saver n. something which takes up as little space as possible or is designed to make the most economical use of available room.
1934 15 188
His style, it is true, is tightly packed with epithets, but they are space-savers rather than space-fillers, and would expand into whole sentences of our looser English prose.
1946 23 Feb. 19/2
Developed for proximity fuses, radio circuits ‘printed’ on ceramic plates are space savers adaptable to miniature pocket receivers.
2001 4 Apr. ii. 24/3
Spiral staircases don't need to be anchored to a wall so they are often viewed as space-savers.
space-saving adj. and n.
(a) adj. that uses space economically; that relates to or enables the economical use of available room;
(b) n. the action or practice of using space economically.
1856 4 572
The teacher is enabled immediately to use those space-saving contrivances.
1921 30 July 79/1
Home Building..Many unique space-saving devices are now being used.
1936 11 Mar. 287/1
For space-saving reasons, [I] have exchanged the old edition of the D.N.B. for its India paper form.
1978 M. Ward & N. Ward 23
Cost saving was one necessity, space saving another.
2004 June 71/1
The two-berth rooms have nifty en suite showers with a space-saving foldaway toilet and handbasin.
space science n. the branches of science collectively that deal with regions beyond the earth or beyond the earth's atmosphere, including astronomy, astrophysics, and exobiology.
1955 30 July 1/2
Western observers in Moscow believed Russia would accept the American offer to co-operate in space science as set forth in a White House announcement.
1978 16 Feb. 599/1
If the future facing space science 20 years ago lay full of hope and promise, the symposium indicated how confused and uncertain the picture is today.
25 June a20/6
The fourth section, the Science Directorate, will combine the agency's space science and earth science offices.
space scientist n. an expert or specialist in space science.
1953 M. O. Hyde 100
Space scientists look to the rocket to carry them beyond the earth.
1969 2 May 16/4
Space scientists have discovered six concentrations of dense material below the surface of the moon.
1999 About the Authors in C. Pellegrino & G. Zebrowski 233
He has been described by Stephen Jay Gould as a space scientist who occasionally looks down.
space shot n. the launch of a spacecraft and its subsequent progress in space.
1957 9 Oct. e1/1
4,000-mile space shot said near... A..four-stage rocket is being tested at Redstone arsenal in preparation for a hoped-for record jaunt of 4,000 miles into space.
1977 D. Bagley xxxii. 259
Designing a trajectory for a space shot to Pluto.
29 Apr. f10
A successful businessman who started a company that helped design parts for the early unmanned space shots.
space shuttle n. Science Fiction and Astronautics = .
1950 ‘N. Menasco’ in Oct. 67/2
In fact it had not been visible a month ago when the pilot of my tiny space shuttle dropped me off in the dark at his cottage.
1964 H. P. Lynn in S. E. Whitfield & G. Roddenberry
i. vi. 91
Docking is likely to occur by having the large ship ahead of the space shuttle or taxi. As the Enterprise slows down, the taxi nears it from the rear.
1969 5 June 513/2
NASA has announced the formation of task groups to look into..a re-usable low-cost ‘Space Shuttle’ to relay men and materials to and from the [space] station.
1986 29 Jan. 1/3
The commander of the flight, Francis Scobee, 46, was making his second space shuttle mission.
2006 Sept. 29
Late next year the new facility will ride a space shuttle into orbit, dock with the ISS, and become one of the biggest all-purpose science laboratories in space.
space-sick adj. Science Fiction and Astronautics suffering from space sickness.
1912 H. Gernsback in Mar. 884/2
For the first time since he left Earth he became space-sick.
1949 A. C. Clarke
I was sure I'd never be space sick.
1971 27 Feb. 32
If an astronaut were made to move his hand repeatedly in the wrong direction in relation to the spin, he could easily get spacesick.
2006 Apr. 42/2
If you get seasick, airsick, or carsick, you're likely to get spacesick, too.
space sickness n. Science Fiction and Astronautics a form of motion sickness resulting from weightlessness in space.
1912 H. Gernsback in Mar. 844/2
Space-sickness is one of the most peculiar sensations that can befall a human being.
1951 A. C. Clarke i. 3
Space-sickness was a thing of the past.
1969 2 Oct. 28/1
The Russian cosmonaut Titov was the first to complain of space sickness in 1961.
1998 12 Mar. ii. 20/2
Sufferers from ‘space sickness’ will be able to take time out in a room with artificial gravity.
space simulator n. a device which simulates the conditions of space, or the interior and behaviour of a spacecraft.
1956 4 Apr. 20/2
Young airman ‘returns’ from trip in ‘space simulator’.
1974 12 37
Radiometer for measuring a wide range of irradiances in space simulators.
1 July (Travel) 6
This space simulator spins riders in a centrifuge that subjects them to twice the normal force of gravity.
spacespeak n. the language or jargon associated with, or considered characteristic of, workers in the space industry.
A study of linguistic characteristics of ‘space speak’.
1966 13 May 875/1
We read of ‘space speak’ on every hand. Newspapers and magazines discuss it in their science columns, and popular fancy seems to have been captured by it. The belief is that the space effort has given us, in addition to the possibility of going to the moon, a new linguistic phenomenon.
1982 M. Leapman iii. 175
Transiting is a typical piece of spacespeak in that it makes a verb out of a noun.
1994 Oct. 42/2
We were issued with inch-thick manuals containing diagrams of electrical systems and booster rockets and, most importantly of all, a guide to spacespeak.
space stage n. Theatre an abstract stage set with little or no scenery, on which lighting effects are typically used to focus on the significant action and suggest different settings.
1928 J. Dolman xviii. 397
Three types of modern stages have..been reasonably successful in accomplishing the true purpose of formalism. One is..the so-called ‘space stage’, the essential feature of which is light, so controlled as to reveal only the significant action and to suppress the background altogether in a void of darkness. The methods of the space stage are..adaptable to the purposes of expressionism.
1961 Feb. 121
A space stage..a broad platform with no barrier between audience and performer.
1984 28 108
This kind of ‘space stage’, with violent contrasts of red, black and white would later become emblematic of expressionist scenography in the United States and Europe during the 1920s.
space staging n. the action or practice of using a space stage; staging of this sort.
1937 16 Dec. 6/2
A new medium, space staging, will be employed in the production.
1941 J. Gassner ii. 410
Orson Welles faced this problem of space on the small stage of his Mercury Theatre. He solved it successfully with ‘space-staging’, picking out acting areas with spots of light.
1959 9 July 73/1
A television equivalent to Brechtian ‘space staging’.
1997 E. Menta iii. 102
According to one performer in the play, there was a lack of budget, and ultimately, there was a spare ‘space staging’ look to the show.
space station n. Astronautics a large artificial satellite intended as a long-term base for manned operations in space.
[1929 Sept. 365
The spatial station as a basis for spatial travel.]
1930 H. Gernsback in Apr. 869/1
It might be asked: what useful purpose would be served by converting a space-flyer into a permanent, rapidly-revolving satellite of the earth in this manner? Professor Hermann Oberth, perhaps the greatest authority on interplanetary space, points out many uses for such revolving ‘space stations’, as he calls them.
1931 2 June 2/2
Joined, they [sc. rocket units] would form a hermetically sealed space station with oxygen supply for its crew and surplus fuel for rockets en route to more distant goals.
1956 J. G. Porter in A. Pryce-Jones 135
We are to visualize a space station, a sort of artificial satellite of the earth which is to act as a landing stage for all space ships.
1979 A. C. Clarke 169
A space-station assembly supervisor, accustomed to working under zero gravity, had forgotten that though he was in space he was not in orbit.
2004 2 Oct. 6/4
NASA might evacuate the International Space Station if oxygen reserves drop lower than 45 days.
spacesuit n. Science Fiction and Astronautics a sealed and pressurized garment which protects the wearer against the conditions of space.
1929 July 175/1
Normal communication by speech would be impossible. Of course, this is not true of enclosed, air-filled rooms... But it is true when one is out ‘in the open’ (in the space suit).
1962 J. Glenn et al. in 244
G-suits are not to be confused with pressure suits (or, now, spacesuits) which the Astronaut wears during space flight to maintain atmospheric pressure at high altitudes.
1979 D. Adams iii. 25
He will automatically assume he is also in possession of a toothbrush,..space suit etc., etc.
12 Sept. a16/4
Mr. Tanner and Commander Stefanyshyn-Piper are spending the night in the station's airlock at low atmospheric pressure to avoid the bends when they get into their low-pressure spacesuits.
spacesuited adj. Science Fiction and Astronautics wearing a spacesuit.
1939 C. Simak in Feb. 59/1
As he spoke, the lock of the radio shack opened and a spacesuited figure strode across the field to meet them.
1977 10 May 19/2
A Staffordshire housewife..saw two Space-suited people with long blonde hair looking down at her from a craft above her house.
2000 Aug. 48/1
His ship had space-suited workers..and micron socks hanging from the scuppers to purify the rainwater that drained from its immaculate decks.
space technology n. technology related to the exploration of and activity in space, and with the development of satellites, rockets, etc., needed for this; an example of such technology.
1957 20 Oct. 4/3
In contrast, the Kremlin has established a special commission on interplanetary travel with unlimited funds to explore space technology.
1972 10 July 11/7
France..and West Germany [are] eager to embrace the most advanced of space technologies.
2002 ii. 58
In Korea, high priority areas for public funding for R&D include ICT..and space technology.
† space-telegrapher n. Obsolete rare a person concerned with radio-telegraphy, a radio-telegraphist.
1899 12 Jan. 249
The problem is now fair game for the space-telegraphers.
space telegraphy n. now historical =
1897 16 58
Discrimination by syntony is possible with magnetic systems of space telegraphy.
1902 G. Marconi in 71 344
Some long-distance space telegraphy tests [were] carried out towards the end of February last.
1983 74 349
Preece was apparently under the impression that Hertz's work was related to his own interest in methods of space telegraphy by induced currents.
space telescope n. (originally) a telescope in space; (now) spec. an astronomical telescope that operates by remote control in earth orbit to avoid interference from the earth's atmosphere.
1953 6 Mar. 8/1
A space telescope in an observatory close to the space station will be used for taking pictures ‘in minute detail’ of the earth 1,075 miles below.
1957 12 Nov. 1
Big space telescope may learn of other life... Men in space could build giant telescopes, far more powerful than any on earth.
1979 M.R. Chartrand III Eye in Sky in O. Davis 199
The space telescope will be carried into orbit by the space shuttle, the ‘space truck’ of the 1980s.
2007 22 Feb. p. ix
Using the Spitzer Space Telescope, an infrared spectrum has been obtained for the transiting ‘hot Jupiter’ HD 209458b.
space-to-ground adj. designating an action or operation directed at the earth from outer space; involving such action.
1958 C. C. Adams et al. 144
Whether bombing or space-to-ground missile attacks would be any more effective from such a [space] station has not been established.
1972 A. D. Foster 175
Being intended for simple ground-to-space, space-to-ground flights, it had limited cruising range.
The two crews held a space-to-ground conference on Wednesday discussing upcoming mission activities.
space tourism n. the practice of travelling into space for recreational purposes.
1967 29 Oct. 16 c/5
With space tourism and manned colonization of the moon, an efficient nuclear-powered clipper ship, refuelable in orbit, would be needed.
15 Feb. 21
If space tourism does become an important business, the Russians, or at any rate any Western tour operators smart enough to do deals with them, are likely to be in the lead.
2003 Jan. 38/1
The contest is intended to spark the space tourism industry, and Carmack says he plans to start shuttling passengers in a few years.
space tourist n.
(a) a person who travels in space, esp. one who pays to go into space for recreational purposes;
(b) an extraterrestrial.
1937 Jan. 77/1
Could our imaginary space-tourist locate his planet so that the effects of general relativity would at times become conspicuous to the immediate gaze?
1948 3 Oct. b3/2
We space tourists are left alone with our thoughts.
1978 24 Dec. c7/3
Some who believe in ancient astronauts think the star symbol was beamed down from the skies by space tourists.
1983 16 Dec. a4
The first flight of a shuttle with a space tourist aboard could come as soon as 1985.
2001 10 Aug. 20/2
Moscow is preparing to send more space tourists rocketing into orbit next year.
2006 Nov. 17/4
Although Ansari is widely described as the world's first female space tourist, it could be argued that honour goes to Brit Helen Sharman, who was selected to go into space in 1991 after responding to a radio advert.
space vehicle n. a spacecraft.
1930 Jan. 681/2
It might be a space vehicle from a distant planet.
1959 15 Sept. 11/3
In putting a space vehicle on to the moon the Russians have provided the most complete..proof of the length of the lead that they now hold.
1977 ‘M. Underwood’ xx. 117
We can often track a load of porn..as successfully as the Americans track a space vehicle..to Mars.
17 June a12/6
Rear Adm. Craig E. Steidle..led efforts to develop the next-generation crewed space vehicle.
space velocity n. Astronomy the velocity in space relative to the sun of a star or other object outside the solar system, equal to the vector sum of the proper motion of the object and its radial velocity.
1909 19 Nov. 732/2
The resulting space velocity of this star is about 261 km. per second.
2001 F. Watson in P. Moore ii. 239
By using alternative methods of obtaining distances for a local subset of these galaxies.., it will be possible to estimate their actual space velocities over and above their motion due to the expansion of the Universe.
space warp n. a distortion of space-time, esp. (Science Fiction) an imaginary one that enables space travellers to make journeys that would be contrary to the known laws of physics.
1936 May 22/2
Every atom of ship load and crew was deflected infinitesimally from the space-time continuum of four dimensions, and thus freed of the ordinary limitations of acceleration and velocity, was driven around space, rather than through it, by a direct reaction against the space warp itself.
1953 Nov. 53/2
He read the next one..about a star-ship that hit a space warp and got hurled into another universe.
1990 14 111/2
The size of the Universe can be described only once its shape in terms of space curvature is known, and then the size can be described only by the radius of curvature of the space warp.
1994 B. Bova vi. 43
It can lead to stories that are filled with jargon such as space warp, psionics, antigravs, droids and such.
space washer n. a washer which serves to keep parts of a machine, etc., at a fixed distance apart.
1934 14 Aug. 33/6
In 1922 a number of plates assembled mainly with brass rods and space washers was considered good enough providing it had the capacity and tuned in on or two stations.
By careful design, cost saving can be achieved by eliminating ancillary components such as space washers, and making quicker assembly times possible.
space wave n.
[in sense after German Raumwelle (A. Sommerfeld 1911, in Jahrb. der drahtlosen Telegr. u. Teleph. 4 166)]
(a) a wave in three dimension (as opposed to one confined to a plane or a surface);
(b) Radio a radio wave that passes from a transmitter to a receiver through space, either directly (without reflection) or with reflection from the ground.
1899 17 Mar. 390/2
The plate now carries all the rear ends of the levers with it, which much facilitates the change from plane to space waves, and vice versa.
1917 5 151
The invention of thoroughly valid methods of measuring the true space wave radiation from transmitting aerials.
1943 F. E. Terman x. 674
The ground wave can conveniently be divided into two components, a surface wave and a space wave.
1974 P. K. Harvey & K. J. Bohlman vii. 145
The range of the space-wave is chiefly determined by the height of the transmitting and receiving aerials.
2006 39 4436/2
When the particles have periodic arrangement with a certain wave number, then a scattered signal can be detected as a space wave.
spaceway n. Science Fiction an established route used by space travellers; usually in plural.
1933 C. L. Moore Shambleau in Nov. 539/2
He heard the gossip of the spaceways, news from a dozen planets of a thousand different events; he heard the latest joke about the Venusian Emperor and the latest report on the Chino-Aryan war and the latest song hot from the lips of Rose Robertson, whom every man on the civilized planets adored as ‘the Georgia Rose’.
1947 Sept. 171
You can't believe..your eyes... It was a platitude of the spaceways.
2001 B. Broady 155
This is our final night. In a few hours we'll be heading home across the spaceways. When we travel to Saturn we don't go round the sun, we just go straight through it.
space weather n. environmental conditions in space arising from the flux of electromagnetic radiation and charged particles, esp. that emitted by the sun and regarded as a potential threat to telecommunications, electronics, and power supplies on earth.
1968 28 333/2
Telecommunications and space services. Telecommunications. Space ‘weather’ forecasting.
7 Jan. i. 19/2
Missions at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration are also threatened... Potential victims included programs to explore Mars, astrophysics and space weather.
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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, December 2008).
In this entry:
In other dictionaries:
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- soybean, n.1795
- Soyer, n.1856
- soz, adj.1993
- soz- | sozo-, comb. ...
- sozzle, n.1823
- sozzle, v.1836
- sozzled, adj.1892
- spa, n.1565
- spaad, n.1594
- space, n.1c1300
- space, n.21591
- space, v.a1425
- spacearium, n.1962
- space-borne, adj.1952
- space-bound, adj.11934
- space-bound, adj.21955
- spacecraft, n.1929
- spaced, adj.1756
- spacefarer, n.1939
- spacefaring, n. and ...1942
- spaceful, adj.1621
- space group, n.1901
- spaceless, adj.1616
- space-like, adj.1914
- spaceman, n.1892
- spacer, n.11697
- spacer, n.21940
- spacescape, n.1965
- spaceship, n.1880
- space-time, adj. and n.1893
- spacewalk, n.1963
- spacewalk, v.1966
- spacewalker, n.1930
- spacewalking, n.1965
- spacewalking, adj.1963
- spaceward, adv. and ...1872
- spacewoman, n.1951
- spaceworthy, adj.1931
- spacie, n.1540
- spacier, v.c1550