Old English hrægn
), Old English hren
), Old English rægn
), Old English regen
), Old English regn
, Old English reng
), Old English–Middle English ren
, late Old English hregn
, late Old English ræn
, late Old English reign
, late Old English–1500s rein
, early Middle English ræiȝn
, early Middle English ræin
, early Middle English rænæs
(genitive), early Middle English ray
(perhaps transmission error), early Middle English reȝȝn
), early Middle English repe
(transmission error), early Middle English rne
(transmission error), Middle English ran
, Middle English reigne
, Middle English reine
, Middle English rene
, Middle English reygne
, Middle English reynne
, Middle English rien
, Middle English–1500s reyn
, Middle English–1500s reyne
, Middle English–1600s raine
, Middle English–1600s rayn
, Middle English–1600s rayne
, Middle English– rain
, 1500s raygne
, 1800s raain
)), 1800s ryne
, pre-1700 raine
, pre-1700 ran
, pre-1700 rane
, pre-1700 rayn
, pre-1700 rayne
, pre-1700 rean
, pre-1700 reyn
, pre-1700 1700s– rain
, pre-1700 1900s– ren
, 1800s rein
(in compounds, rare
), 1900s– rehn
). (Show Less)
Origin: A word inherited from Germanic.
Cognate with Old Frisian rein
(West Frisian rein
), Old Dutch rēgan
(Middle Dutch rēgen
, Dutch regen
), Old Saxon regan
, (in compounds) regen
(Middle Low German rēgen
), Old High German regan
(Middle High German regen
, German Regen
), Old Icelandic regn
, Old Swedish räghn
, (now rare) rägn
), Old Danish reghen
), Gothic rign
, Crimean Gothic reghen
; further etymology unknown. The word has no secure cognates in other Indo-European languages.
In sense after French pluie (1629 in this sense, in the passage translated in quot. ).
Senses relating to water vapour.
1599 H. Buttes sig. B4
Fooles..have the wit to keep themselves out of the raine.
1848 F. A. Durivage 95
Ham was one of 'em—he was! He ‘knew sufficient to get out of the rain’.
1884 ‘M. Twain’ xiv. 112
De man dat think he kin settle a 'spute 'bout a whole chile wid a half a chile, doan' know enough to come in out'n de rain.
1920 ‘Sapper’ ii. 47
Either, James, I am a congenital idiot, and don't know enough to come in out of the rain; or we've hit the goods.
1932 ‘A. Gilbert’ i. 23
A girl who's lived..in Menzies Street knows when to come in out of the rain.
1999 J. Draycott 39
Believing..that the servants didn't know enough to come in out of the rain, he has taken the path over the ha-ha in expectation of plenty.
1607 ‘W. S.’ i. sig. A4
Oh..such a sweete husband haue I lost, haue I lost?—if Blessed bee the coarse the raine raynes vpon, he had it powring downe.
1777 J. Brand 53
Happy (says the Proverb) is..the Corpse the Rain rains on.
1837 W. H. Ainsworth
ii. xi. 147
Blessed is the corpse the rain rains on. Sir Piers may be drenched through his leaden covering by such a downfall as that... The heavens will weep for him.
1917 E. Thomas 55
Rain, midnight rain, nothing but the wild rain On this bleak hut... Blessed are the dead that the rain rains upon: But here I pray that none whom once I loved Is dying to-night.
‘Something came to mind on the way here,’ Mullins said. ‘An old Irish saying: Happy is the bride the sun shines on, happy is the corpse the rain falls on.’
1891 G. Parker in May 330
‘Right as rain,’ said the engineers.
1894 E. Œ. Somerville & ‘M. Ross’ II. xx. 78
If only this infernal Fitzpatrick girl would have stayed with her cads in Dublin everything would have been as right as rain.
1908 A. S. M. Hutchinson vi. vi. 332
We'll pull through right as rain.
1951 S. H. Bell ii. xi. 169
The wean will be as right as rain in a day or two.
1970 P. Dickinson i. 14
That damned gadget might..be functioning right as rain in thirty seconds, or it might be spitchered for ever.
2000 I. Edward-Jones
What she needs is some early nights, proper food and a few walks and she'll be right as rain.
or in appositive use.
1844 7 Sept. 2/5
The electricity descended the water spout and entering the rain barrel, diverged and passed out.., making a hole through the staves.
1945 N. L. McClung xxix. 283
A white house, with rain barrels at each side.
2000 May 35/1
Attach a length of hosepipe to the tap of your rain barrel for easier watering.
1863 G. M. Hopkins
But if the rain-blasts be unbound And from dank feathers wring the drops.
1935 30 Dec. 1/5
Wilmington..had rain blasts and heavy sleet.
Auckland sheltered from the wintry rain blasts sweeping across the city.
1920 2 May 20/7
Wizard windshield attachment... rain blur vanishes like magic.
26 Jan. 8
Beyond the fields, stepping in and out of the rain blur, was Outer Froward Point and the Mew Stone.
It, whether Common-rain Cloud, or that with the Rain-bow in it, is turn'd round about by his [sc. God's] Counsels.]
1755 A. Berthelson tr. E. Pontoppidan i. i. 25
We see them hover like rain-clouds.
1803 L. Howard 6
Cumulo-cirro-stratus vel Nimbus... The rain cloud.
1915 Jan. 54/1
I planed into a rain-cloud yesterday.
2003 22 Sept. 158/2
During the ceremony, rain clouds had grumbled overhead and now the shower began.
1801 R. Southey I. iii. 135
The winter torrent rolls Down the deep-channelled rain-course, foamingly.
1882 H. D. Rawnsley
The shaggy heads and shoulders of the Pikes, sculptured by numerous rain-courses, suggest, at a distance, the appearance of mane and hair.
Castelnuovo Beradenga, in a bleak district of barren clay-hills, deeply furrowed by rain-courses.
1894 M. C. Stevenson in C. S. Wake xxix. 315
A complete system of rain cult has been instituted by these people of an arid land.
1923 L. Spence i. 11
We shall..attempt to descry..an incipient rain-cult.
2002 28 180
Anthropological and historical research has usually focussed on either the rain cults or on nyau.
1855 Feb. 120/1
South of us a grey rain-curtain was drawn across the river, shutting out everything beyond.
1926 M. Leinster ii. iii. 159
The rain-curtain that swayed like a grey chiffon veil before Rhona's window.
6 July a1
The $350,000 feature..would include a 4.5-metre-high watering can emitting clouds of mist, a rain curtain and long sprays of water.
1851 F. A. Fuller in F. A. Fuller & M. V. Fuller 102
The thirsty sun is drinking up The rain-dew from the flower-cup.
1922 J. Joyce ii. xiv. [Oxen of the Sun] 402
The air without is impregnated with raindew moisture.
1997 G. Bear
The air is full of tinkling raindew that lands sweetly on their hands, warming like alcohol on the tongue.
1869 39 200
Every now and then we found a rain-ditch with powdered salt in it.
1927 29 Sept. 1/5
Work upon the other rain ditches has been completed.
26 Sept. b3
The county needed some of their land along the road to accommodate the job, which included installing proper rain ditches.
1863 Aug. 183/1
No actual rain-drift stretching from them, but such unmistakable promise..as would make a provident farmer order every scythe out of the field.
1910 W. De Morgan xiii. 207
The rain-drift..strengthened ever from the seaward.
1981 A. Waterman ii. 98
The mountains shrugging..Through sun or raindrifts.
1887 9 Apr. 6/1
I put my umbrella up. The soft gentle patter of his tears rattling on the raw silk... I lowered my rain guard, and the youth..seated himself.
1960 E. W. Teale 235
At the base of every leaf there is a rain guard that prevents water from seeping down between the stalk and the leaf.
1983 Summer 45/1
A rain guard can be useful to keep the lenses clean.
17 Mar. 5
The victim told the officer that rain guards were stolen off the vehicle.
Across this [narrow ridge] a rain gutter had been formed, which, gradually widening, had become a deep and dangerous gulf.
1917 11 Jan. 7/5
We see Pearl..hurled down the sloping roof and saving herself by clinging to the rain gutter.
1991 27 July 29/2
They have a rack to fit just about every car with rain gutters and without.
1877 E. M. A. Heron 65
The Vision moves—the iris rainlight faints To ghostly white of mist.
1904 W. H. Hudson x. 143
This subdued rain-light did not last long.
North Avenue in the puddled early rainlight.
1928 C. F. S. Gamble xv. 249
Rain load also had to be reckoned with, which may go as far as 3,000 kg.
24 June 15
All roofs undergo stress from snow and rain loads, so it is possible a truss or rafter may become damaged.
1857 Apr. 210/2
By and by I saw the rain-mists gathering over it in the sky.
1936 Aug. 242/2
A leaf which is slightly damp with dew or rain-mist.
2004 B. Lightbody iv. xv. 103
All contact was lost in thick rain mist as the lead cruisers conducted zigzag manoeuvres to guard against possible attack.
1783 H. C. Jennings 174
They might even have Calibeats or any other Waters they wished for in seperate Wells, tho' supplied by the same Rain Pipes.
1852 A. R. M. Payne ii. iii. 238
The monstrous stone snakes..were hollow, and nothing more nor less than rain pipes on a large scale.
1913 J. Masefield 92
The water..gurgled through the rain-pipe to the butt.
27 Sept. 18
Rainwater would automatically flow to the direction of the park, so they could make a rain pipe channeling the water straight to Ayodya's lake.
Mony clustered clowde clef alle in clowtez, To-rent uch a rayn-ryfte & rusched to þe urþe.
1916 P. Mackaye iii. i. 115
O wonder, what art thou That fillest so mine eyes with rain-shine?
1975 C. K. Stead in V. O'Sullivan
He had seen rainshine, he had seen sunfall.
1861 R. T. Cooke 72
Out of the black East a rain-song is sighing, Pitiless, desolate, death is at hand!
1907 N. Curtis 365
The Rain-Youth made the rain-songs and gave them to the Navajos.
28 Apr. a1
Forecasters, water officials and lawn lovers were all singing their collective rain songs as a steady rain fell on a thirsty Triangle.
1661 T. Allin 29 Aug.
Rain squalls and very much wind.
1838 E. A. Poe xvii. 143
Whenever we had a westerly wind, which was seldom, it was invariably attended with a rain squall.
1902 J. Conrad 40
Before sunset a thick rain-squall passed over the two boats.
2003 9 June 7/2
A rainsquall hit for a minute and chilled me.
1855 i. 32
When a sleeping-room is to be prepared for the reception of guests, your duty is to see that..there are no rain-stains upon the window-seats.
1923 W. de la Mare 183
The mosses and rain-stains and frost-flowerings of centuries of autumns and winters.
6 July 8
Rain stains on the car windshield and windows, are annoying, ugly and dangerous.
1868 R. F. Burton 174
The flat roof draining into the Aljibe, rain-tank, or cistern.
1965 S. T. Olivier xii. 164
The two rain tanks that were the only means of water supply in the Andrews' house lay irreparably crushed.
8 June 26
My parents investigated the ‘green’ house concept, including solar power, rain tanks and water recycling.
1854 C. G. Halpine 142
No rain-tears there, no cutting blast of angry words.
1868 ‘G. Eliot’
Bright, O bright Fedalma! Pure as rain-tear on a rose-leaf.
1916 6 Apr. 16/5
The rain-tears together Journey to the restless sea.
St. Mary of Oignies i. ix, in
She..in þe rayne-tyme come home ageyne vntouched.
1582 S. Batman xviii. f. 337v/2
Some [fish] wexeth fat in the Northerne winde,..& some in Southern winde,..and some in raine time, as Aristotle sayeth.
1726 N. Uring 354
The Country is all a Flat, and great Part of it a Morass, with several large Lagunes, which in the Rain-times are almost all over-flowed.
1851 H. T. Cheever iv. 90
And when the rain-time has come, there is rain indeed!
1919 22 Feb. 6/1
Rain-time is planting time.
1994 J. Harkins vi. 150
Green-time..is the period of lush growth after rains (or rain-time ).
1922 J. Joyce ii. xiv. [Oxen of the Sun] 403
Those burgeoning stars overhead, rutilant in thin rainvapour.
22 May 3
Rain vapors are too heavy and powerful to be blown away.
1854 N. P. Willis Let. 7 May in
He might..neglect altogether to foresee the incidentalnesses of up hill and down, rain-washings to the road, frost-heavings to walls, etc.
1935 18 Apr.
Copper screens need painting, too, to prevent staining to house due to rain washing.
1998 37 187/1
The soiling patterns on the cathedral are determined by the competing processes of pollutant deposition and rain washing.
a1398 J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus
Wormes brediþ..and schendeþ þe greynes..in reyn weder after passynge hete.
?1527 L. Andrewe tr. sig. li
In fayre weder he reioyseth sore, but whan it is rayne weder, than it singeth selden.
1902 F. W. Bourdillon 52
The rivers of a rainless land, Which some far rain-world fills.
2001 Chinosole iii. 42
The image of fire contrasts with Lee's rainworld.
Instrumental, chiefly with past participles, forming adjectives.
1905 26 July 1/7
A brilliant innings by Darling was the redeeming feature of Australia's batting on a rain-affected wicket at Manchester.
15 Aug. 20
They were the only side to win in Saturday's rain-affected programme.
1820 P. B. Shelley To Skylark in 204
1890 Nov. 59/2
The rain-awakened scent of the flowers.
1598 Bp. J. Hall iv. iii. 22
Figures halfe Obliterate: In rain-beat Marble.
1607 J. Marston iii. i. sig. D3v
By the sole warrant of a Lapy-beard, A raine beate plume, and a good chop filling oth.
1870 W. Morris 370
The clash Of rain-beat boughs and wildering lightning-flash.
1886 Apr. 54
Once more, the long unbroken lonely line, With rain-beat corn-nick dark against the sky.
c1450 Treat. Fishing in J. McDonald et al.
He cummet home at even, reyn beton, soyr prykud with thornes.
a1529 J. Skelton
Though my ryme be ragged..Rudely rayne beaten.
1606 J. Reynolds D iv b
T'haue deckt, and trim'd, this now rainbeaten face.
1859 A. Cary 316
The country doctor sits dreamily by the fire, hearing imperfectly the neighing of his rain-beaten horse.
1914 W. B. Yeats in May 60
The pale unsatisfied ones Appear and disappear..With all their ancient faces like rain-beaten stones.
25 Oct. g2
Rain-beaten tall grasses, such as miscanthus, should be staked and tied for autumn display.
1857 26 Dec. 1/6
Out burst the naughty sun, lighting up..the rain-bedraggled procession.
1902 13 June 10/4
They are already rain bedraggled, and the wreaths, with the dirty white bows, are surely more suggestive of a funeral than a Coronation.
31 May 34
Five minutes later, a car was sent round to pick up a rain-bedraggled di Vita.
?1440 tr. Palladius
vii. 73 (MED)
At the hed of Aust hit is to plaunt In londis wete, or ellis rayn bironne [L. pluuia initiante madefacto].
1849 M. Arnold 21
Grey, rain-blear'd statues.
1950 15 Sept. 9/2
Passing each car we peered through the rain-bleared windshield.
13 Jan. a19
His use of blackouts, erratic editing and shots through a rain-bleared camera lens is more disorienting than effective.
1868 11 Sept.
Above him the wreck and the drift..And the rain-blown face of the storm.
1917 R. Graves 24
I'm away to the rain-blown hill.
6 June w30
The remote, rain-blown track.
1856 23 151
Through the rain-blurred and beaten casement..Fled bars of light.
1901 ‘L. Malet’ v. i. 384
Actuality of rain-blurred, wind-scourged town without, and anger-begetting memories of Brockhurst within.
11 Feb. 39
Small bridges, small rivers, small hills, small fields, and rain-blurred skies—it was a familiar February country scene.
1808 C. Wilkins iii. 54
Varṣābhū, a frog (rain-born).
1854 R. Montgomery 62
The gem-like radiance of thy form admire, And liquid blending of thy rain-born hues.
1925 3 Sept. 4/5
Rain-born in the mountain, dew-born in the mead.
1995 J. Duran 26
A fishbone from her teeth Recalls how the rainborn snap of sun Demeaned her skin.
1849 J. Kenyon 136
Some rain-bound traveller, in ennui's despair, May cast a moment's notice on thee.
1928 6 May 1/3
The Spanish aviators..were rain-bound here today and it was believed, will not likely get off tomorrow.
1993 L. Langbauer in A. A. Fisch et al. 191
As the story opens, its narrator, finding himself rainbound in Switzerland, is reminded of Byron.
1818 H. H. Milman xii. 344
Freshens the circuit of the rain-bright grove.
1913 M. J. Cawein I. 32
Her eyes were rain-bright.
3 Jan. i. 4
Crossing a rain-bright street after a joyous midnight Mass on Christmas Eve, Frank Bors looked up sharply at the sound of a sudden roar.
1894 29 Sept. 640
Summer's flowers are dead, Their rain-bruised blossoms all forgotten lie.
1916 D. H. Lawrence 130
The rain~bruised leaves are suddenly shaken.
23 Sept. t3
We drove south under rain-bruised clouds that floated in our direction.
1854 E. A. C. Let. 27 July in
Rain-burdened clouds, of a dark and watery hue, form the drapery of the sky.
1874 J. G. Holland xix. 55
Turn with hurried feet, and straight The deep, rain-burdened grasses through.
1932 D. Gascoyne 15
Clouds rear, Dark and ominous, rain~burdened.
27 July (Life Suppl.) 47
The river..rolls out, placid, fast and deep, towards the Bavarian plain and the rain-burdened evening sky.
1916 E. Pound 22
Grey olive leaves beneath a rain-cold sky.
1984 T. Hughes
A toppling pyramid Of sixty or more Mudded, rain-cold, probably rotten eggs.
1883 R. Broughton II. vi. 283
Whether in sunny boat on flashing river..or in little rain-darkened early-English drawing-room, is not it now all one to her?
1928 V. Woolf v. 224
Her eyes slowly lowered themselves down and down till they came to the rain-darkened earth.
11 Nov. e1
The views across the harbour take in rain-darkened forests receding to black.
1876 J. B. L. Warren iii. ii. 254
Some cattle-minded faun, fit occupant For the rough brakes and rain-dishevelled glens.
1917 D. H. Lawrence 56
I listen For the sluicing of their rain-dishevelled petals.
1826 3 Jan. 1/2
You all know how oft, rain-drenched like a drowned rat,..I have trudged to your doors.
1932 D. Gascoyne 75
To wait in the weary, rain-drenched queues.
26 Apr. 4
Thousands of rain-drenched people stood in silence.
1855 T. B. Aldrich 73
My eyelids swelled like rain-fed clouds in June.
1936 18 Mar. 9/1
The rain-fed waters of the raging Potomac River and Wills Creek receded today.
10 Nov. 9
Poor farmers work marginal, rain-fed lands.
1854 June 580/2
The tall trees of the forest draw down the rain-filled cloud.
1920 F. S. Fitzgerald ii. v. 274
A..scattering of people whose eyes as they emerged glanced invariably, first at the wet street, then at the rain-filled air.
2003 15 May 29
Like toffee doddles, tattie scones and rain-filled summer seasons Oor Wullie and The Broons are singularly Scottish.
a1918 W. Owen
Or be you in the gutter where you stand, Pale rain-flawed phantom of the place.
1916 J. Joyce v. 268
The brother's face was bent upon her fair rain fragrant hair.
Ah, rain-fragrant, white and how lonely the path!
1911 22 July 1/5
Some were left in the middle of rain-gorged streams, when their automobiles suddenly stopped.
2 Sept. 3 d
The rain-gorged Arkansas swept through central Pueblo in surges.
1906 W. H. Ogilvie in B. Stevens 240
Rain-heavy from the Cowra hills She takes her vengeance sweet.
2005 26 Feb. (Mag.) 51/1
Cycling through those villages, surrounded by wide cornfields and overswept by rain-heavy clouds.
1773 J. Macpherson tr. Homer II. xvi. 138
Beneath the rain-laden winds, the whole world is unrapt, in thick gloom.
1880 R. Kipling I. xiv. 329
The grey, rain-laden atmosphere.
1916 J. Joyce v. 204
The rain laden trees of the avenue evoked in him, as always, memories of the girls and women in the plays of Gerhart Hauptmann.
1 Aug. 20
All afloat were thoroughly soaked from the waves of rain-laden fronts.
1921 W. de la Mare viii. 47
We..mounted into a four-wheeled cab, and once more were in motion in the rain-laid dust.
1970 G. E. Evans viii. 90
On some Suffolk farms it was used in the 'fifties, though admittedly for special jobs like..the saving of wind- or rain-laid crops.
1839 23 Feb. 1/1
Thy smile triumphant soothes the rain-lashed earth.
1953 S. Plath 24 Jan.
Looking out of the window into the thick, steamy, rain-lashed dripping air.
2002 30 Nov. 26/2
The aftermath of rain-lashed British winter festivities.
1938 22 June 8/3
The early players found a rain logged course.
15 Jan. 35
My wife and I landed in mid-November at windswept, rain-logged and empty Marco Polo airport.
1846 H. W. Longfellow To Old Danish Song-bk. in 85
Yellow are thy time-worn pages, As the russet, rain-molested Leaves of autumn.
1942 W. Faulkner in May 51/2
The tent, the rain-murmured canvas globe, was filled with it once more.
1916 H. G. Wells ii. iii. 285
Flares played upon the rain-pitted black waves.
24 July a4
A pair of butterflies rest on the rain-pitted sands.
1931 V. Woolf 227
One bone lay rain-pocked and sun-bleached.
6 Sept. a2
The beach's moist sand is a shade darker than usual, rain-pocked and fragrant.
1917 J. P. Bishop 37
Between rain-rusted leaves And rank wet growths.
12 July c1
Rain-rusted Northwesterners aren't used to hot weather.
1818 J. Keats i. 8
1901 J. Barlow 150
O'er wet woods, o'er green meadows rain-scented, The waft of a wind goes by.
9 Aug. 18
I walked back to the cabin, relishing the cool, rain-scented air after several weeks of stifling heat.
1905 21 Oct. 1103/1
The league-footing hare..shot from her form with tawny and rain-sleeked coat.
9 Mar. e17
It was an hour-long hedonistic exhibition of cops driving Ferraris down rain-sleeked moonlit streets.
1914 15 Nov. 34/2
There were rain-slick boulevards, slippery and narrow mountain roads.
1998 T. C. Boyle 21
Very faintly..came the anguished cry of the Apron Man echoing across the rain-slick grounds.
1930 10 Dec. 6- b/1
Much of the distance traveled on the fast run was over rain-slicked highways.
27 Oct. 6
A place of old mansions, smoky clubs and rain-slicked streets.
1789 ‘P. Pindar’ 4
Drooping, rain-soak'd fowls.
1856 T. B. Butler vi. 110
The rain-soaked snow is hard and solid.
1945 W. de la Mare 76
Tipped arrow, ivoried bow, and rain-soaked quiver.
12 Nov. 2
Many came in wheelchairs, many more under rainsoaked umbrellas.
1860 A. C. Swinburne Rosamond in iv. 203
Wet strips of hyacinth, rain-sodden bells.
1904 10 May 2/1
The Cossacks were drawn up on a large, rain-sodden, muddy field.
2001 N. Jones ii. 175
A number of cases [of trenchfoot] have been reported after rain-sodden outdoor rock festivals.
1860 Dec. 83/1
Rain-stained windows; bare, white-washed, and partly ‘peeled’ walls.
a1905 L. Wallace
II. ii. x. 936
The cedar rafters, rainstained as those in the dining-hall of Cedric the Saxon.
9 June 46
The rain-stained, two-tone grey of Bolton fish market now seems a million miles away.
1898 G. C. Lodge 39
Just rain-starred, blowing grass, The scent of the fluent air.
1958 L. Durrell iii. 62
The gonfalons bellied like sails in the rain-starred afternoon.
2003 J. Brown
A dirty gray, diffused light oozed in through rain-starred windows.
1873 July 499/1
Seen from the front, this house was a little, melancholy, rain-streaked, wooden cottage.
1956 H. Gold xii. 100
The carnival smelled the same, and the rain-streaked sign swung there.
20 Nov. b8
I peer out of the rain-streaked window, my eyes drawn to the dark grey clouds, rumbling overhead.
1916 E. Blunden 20
Rainsunken roof, grown green and thin For sparrows' nests and starlings' nests.
27 Oct. 4 b
Technical crews were walking through a wooded area last week when they found a piece of scrap metal sticking up from some rain-sunken dirt.
1890 Dec. 575
Like swelling seas borne in on flowing tide, Beneath God's rain-sweet winds.
1913 W. de la Mare 127
Feathered birds in the rain-sweet sky.
10 Sept. c1
Music from the Villa Hispana carries on the rain-sweet breeze.
1849 W. E. Channing 24
Loftier shores, with rain-swept grooves of soil.
1932 E. Blunden 177
Those blackening rain-swept fields.
12 Oct. 11
Tony Blair arrived on the rainswept east coast of Scotland yesterday.
1867 J. R. Lowell in July 99
The candle she held in the door, From rain-varnished tree-trunk to tree-trunk Flashed fainter.
1955 21 Nov. 10/6
A chill breeze blew through the rain-varnished branches.
22 May (Travel Desk section) 1
A man in his late 60s..leads us down Cingoli's rain-varnished cobbles.
1829 T. Flint ii. 17
The rain-washed precipices rendered the way almost impassable to their wagon.
1925 J. Dos Passos iii. iv. 351
Drifts across the sky a dirigible,..gently prodding the rainwashed sky and the soft clouds.
4 Oct. 28
Strings of coloured bulbs blowing in the breeze and reflected in the rainwashed prom..shone like jewels in the night.
1940 J. Betjeman 39
The rain-weathered streets of adjacent Rumsaa.
12 Mar. j12
Run your fingers along the ridges of rain-weathered cedar.
1822 T. L. Beddoes ii. iii. 42
Though..every day be rain-wet in our eyes.
1928 E. Sitwell 16
The airs like rain-wet shrinking petals curl.
2001 M. Lightstone 291
There was much whirling and whipping about of long rain-wet hair in a manner everyone hoped was Dionysian.
1854 J. Lambert Let. 1 June in I. I. Stevens
The same character of sandy and clayey soil in the bottoms..is also seen in the rain-worn sections of the most elevated points.
1904 W. de la Mare vi. 51
She trod with cautious foot and peering eye the green, rainworn paths.
2 Dec. b1
Shreds of yellow police tape and several rain-worn teddy bear memorials..are within blocks of one another.
1640 G. Abbot xxxvi. 229/1
A raine-aboding wind gives fore-knowledge of it.
1863 24 Dec. 6/5
In the very heart of the country is a great mountain group, which are [sic] the rain-bearers for fertilizing the country.
1925 R. DeCoursy Ward iv. 74
Rainfall is generally light, the summer cyclones being weak and ineffective as rainbearers.
26 Oct. b12
Clouds will begin to increase today ahead of our next rain-bearer.
1761 T. Arnold
Regenwind, a Rain bearing Wind.
1845 C. Darwin
The rule,..of trees flourishing only in a climate rendered humid by rain-bearing winds, has a strongly marked exception in the case of the Falkland Islands.
1939 E. D. Laborde tr. E. de Martonne
The monsoon wind which blows from the sea tends to lower the temperature; it is damp and rain-bearing.
2001 Aug. 42/1
It sits in a rain shadow created by the Sierra de Cantabria and thus avoids the rain-bearing Atlantic winds.
1845 C. Darwin
In the middle of the continent there is a broad intermediate band..where the rain-bringing winds have not to pass over lofty mountains.
1922 W. G. Kendrew v. 25
These rain-bringing winds become predominant in summer.
2001 33 221
Such peaks were conceived as generators of weather, especially rain-bringing clouds.
1632 W. Lithgow x. 429
There Fabrickes are..of smoake-torne straw..and Raine-dropping watles.
1818 M. W. Shelley II. iii. 45
It was indeed a paradise, compared to the bleak forest, my former residence, the rain-dropping branches, and dank earth.
1889 T. C. Irwin 190
The bees are humming; ivies and grasses Gleam as the rain-dropping white cloud passes.
18 Oct. d6
University of Miami coach Butch Davis is doing his best to identify the silver lining in the dark, rain-dropping clouds of Hurricane Irene.
1872 Oct. 329
It is the old corruption of the cloud-cow, the rain-giver, the fertilizer,—the earliest idea of Freia.
1922 W. G. Kendrew xx. 110
The south-west monsoon is essentially the rain-giver of India.
1997 35 675
The White Nile..provides a small but steady flow that is fed by the eternal snows of the Ruwenzori (the ‘rain giver’) mountains.
1899 10 Oct. 5/1
The yarn is made rain repellant.
1968 4 Nov. 11/5
Best outfits..included a gleaming parchment kid coat, rain-repellant.
Glass windshields, coated with a rain-repellant film, are fitted to the XLS.
1843 Feb. 4
The rain-repelling powers of York cloth..are now almost invariably set forth in that humble and ordinary form of language.
1928 21 Nov. 5/1
Rain repelling coats of a good quality leatherette.
14 Oct. 17
Gardeners can leave dahlia tubers in the ground all winter if they are planted in a raised bed or the area is covered with a tarp or a pile of rain-repelling fern fronds.
1934 61 77
Nixon expedition in 1929 to Iraq for rain-resistant dates.
19 Feb. i11
We also take along sturdy, waterproofed walking shoes, a reliably rain-resistant windbreaker, and two collapsible umbrellas.
1891 7 Nov. 3/6
Storm and rain resisting rubber interlined cloth ulsters.
1952 A. W. Hunter
The outer-coat [of the Alsatian] is also close,..so that it is rain-resisting.
27 Dec. c4
The outer fabric was treated with a rain-resisting patented process.
a1661 W. Brereton
No water to wash withal but rain-water preserved in rain-bags.
1818 B. R. Haydon Let. 25 Mar. in J. Keats
You carried the rain with you as Ulysses did the Winds opening your rain bags you look round with a knowing wink, and say ‘curse this Devonshire how it rains!’
1964 15 Aug.
Some 2,000 blankets, 7,200 pieces of clothing and 230 canvas and rain bags are among the supplies.
1993 A. M. Smith 170
Then he took out Sun's rain-bags (kidneys—where the water is). He said the rain-bags will be the moon.
27 Mar. a2
The plastic rain bag that the paper came in is nothing but a big commercial for Doral cigarettes.
1888 R. Abercromby iii. 78
In Lancashire, the festoons [of cloud] are called ‘rainballs’, and are only considered a sign of rain.
1942 W. H. Wenstrom viii. 182
One special cloud form worth mentioning is mammato-cumulus or ‘rain balls,’ whose cumulus heads bulge downward instead of upward from a high cloud deck.
1966 C. Olson
These rain-balls Which could as well fall back into rain, play, In the air.
1877 Dec. 150/2
Professor Smyth notes at Edinburgh the occurrence of a severe rain..‘marked by a heavy rain band in the prismatic spectrum’.
1930 30 Oct. 20/5
It was fine when the airship left Cardington, but a rain band caught her up near London.
Taken alone the rain-band is of doubtful value as a prognostic of rain.
1991 Sept. 52/2
The first rainband enveloped us, a deafening cataract that halted conversation as two inches of water came bucketing down.
1810 R. Southey Let. 22 Dec. in
I obtained..a thorough rain-bath on my return, for which I am no worse.
1896 T. C. Allbutt et al. I. 340
Hip-baths, shower or rain-baths.
1926 28 5
Some birds, also, like to take a natural rain-bath.
23 Oct. 3 b
Some of the trail was on exposed rock making for some slippery steps. With the trail fresh off a rain bath, the hike had an added element of adventure.
1851 M. F. Maury
It may be supposed that a thermometer kept sliding on the surface of the earth so as always to be in the middle of this rain belt, would shew very nearly the same temperature all the year round.
1854 L. Gibbon II. x. 259
Along the beach large trees have been left as the rain-belt passed north.
1929 15 346
The fossil locality lies..near the present southern border of the tropical rain belt.
1969 A. G. Forsdyke 49
The rain belt ahead of a warm front is often 200 to 300 miles wide.
1996 14 Oct. 3/1
The majority of the rejected permits were for..developments or golf courses located in the rain belt of the west side of the Cascades.
8 Oct. 32
At that time big areas were affected by a long sequence of rain belts that advanced slowly across the country from the Atlantic.
1909 1 Aug.
The rain bonnets will be covered by the new waterproof veils.
1968 19 June 892/3
Weinsoff can have his name on his key tag..hatband and sponge (and Mrs. Weinsoff on her pot holder, thimble and rain bonnet).
14 June (Guide Suppl.) 12
The sun blazed down and we all took our rain bonnets and waders off.
1888 11 Nov. 3/3
Few road riders carry more than a whip, lap robe, rain boot, blanket, [etc.].
1951 23 May
The only rainboot made of Norlon, the wonder plastic!.. Folds neatly and compactly in a fit-in-your-purse plastic pouch.
1992 C. Wilkins 134
She dressed for the garden attack in her bleach-stained, mauve jogging pants, a frayed white shirt, old winter gloves and rain boots.
1867 C. White i. i. 11
Lightning, rain box, dark stage, confusion.
1902 16 May
‘Stage rain’ is generally made by the dropping of split peas in a drum cylinder, and in this case there was a suspicion that the ‘rain box’ had not been cleaned.
20 Mar. c3
It's fun watching the old-fashioned special-effects equipment (thunder sheet, rain box, wind machine).
1737 W. Oldys 177
Wren's Invention of the Rain-Bucket, to measure the Quantity that falls.
1878 29 Apr.
Has some spirit kicked the rain bucket over, with a view to the crops of grass and clover?
18 May 1 d
He puts out rain buckets to catch water for plants.
The station will collect data with several meteorological devices: a three-cup anemometer.., a thermometer, a barometer and a rain bucket.
1827 T. Carlyle tr. J. A. Musæus in I. 25
She drew a rain-cap over her face.
1908 10 160/1
Treats of..clothing and ornaments (combs;..armlets, belts, hip-girdles; rain caps and cloaks).
1946 1 Feb. 8/7
Brooder stove pipe end and rain caps.
1999 May 180/1
Terracotta chimney inserts (rain caps) are not suitable for use with gas appliances.
[He] donned a tartan skirt, duffel coat, tights and plastic rain cap.
1875 XII. 480/2
They make blankets of cypress bark, raincapes of white pine bark,..and wooden dishes.
1921 1 Oct. 3/5
Children's good quality tan colored raincapes to fit girls 4 to 12 years; made with lined hood.
1990 J. M. Coetzee iii. 96
Under the eye of a boy in an olive rain-cape I got out of the car.
1922 J. Joyce ii. xiv. [Oxen of the Sun] 393
They hear the heavy tread of the watch as two raincaped shadows pass the new royal university.
31 Dec. 72
We slowly discover why Price..is so keen to track down Dunn, who is by now emerging as rather more than just a rain-caped security guard.
1870 C. L. Bloxam 185
A rain chamber is often provided, in which the condensation of the fume is assisted by water.
1940 101 870
A total of 677 large and small fruits were placed in a rain chamber for 51 hours.
1987 106 439
Plants were exposed to simulated rainfalls in an enclosed rain chamber in the greenhouse.
1890 J. G. Frazer I. iii. 403
A custom of throwing the body of the victim, or at least a portion of it, into the Nile as a rain-charm.
1923 D. A. Mackenzie x. 145
A Vedic frog-hymn was chanted by Aryo-Indian priests as a rain-charm when Indra's services were requisitioned.
10 May 30
A wooden door filled with beads gets spun around like a giant rain-charm, imitating the roar of sea surf.
1849 65 414
The Hyetographic or rain chart of this volume gives a most complete and minute detail of a most important subject.
1946 20 223/1
The rain chart was constructed in 1868... The color used is well chosen..and the data exhibited are not so numerous as to obscure the basic patterns of rainfall distribution.
1961 26 Jan. 1/5
This chart..is the oldest rain chart known to be in existence in the county and is valued highly by many who look forward each year to its reprinting.
1708 W. Sewel ii. 406/1
Regenmantel, a Rain-cloak.
1863 R. Fortune iv. 64
As the day was wet they had loose rain-cloaks over their dresses.
1922 J. Joyce ii. iv. [Calypso] 66
Hallstand too full. Four umbrellas, her raincloak.
1993 18 Sept. 5/3
Ötzi's grass rain-cloak was similar to those used by shepherds in the region until modern times.
1861 Feb. 411/1
A snug receptacle for their conical hats, oiled-paper rain-clothes, swords, and other light articles.
1977 10 Oct. 141/1
When you drop into their big shops, they're selling their members new golf bags, new golf balls, new clubs,..new rain clothes—you name it.
6 Sept. c47
You might want to bring rain clothes if you think it's going to rain.
1806 M. Lewis Jrnl. 16 July in
I saw both yesterday and today the Cookkoo or as it is sometimes called the rain craw.
1872 E. Coues 190
American cuckoos..are..noted for their loud jerky cries, which they are supposed to utter most frequently in falling weather, whence their popular name, ‘rain crow’.
1960 J. Bond
Mangrove Cuckoo Coccygus minor. Local names: Rain Bird; Rain Crow; [etc.].
1983 J. Wilcox xxv. 178
Burma just stood there..frowning at..the Audubon print of a rain crow.
1782 J. Latham I. ii. 535
Long-billed Rain Cuckow.
?a1808 IV. 490
The Rain Cuckoo... It is also called the rain bird because it never calls except before rain.
1815 J. F. Stephens IX. i. 124
Rain cuckow. (Cuculus pluvialis).
1971 22 June 3/1
The American rain cuckoo is often called the ‘rain prophet’.
1870 J. W. De Forest in Nov. 645
She was quite amazed when she learned that this was not a wedding, but a rain-dance.
1930 J. M. Buttree 89
It is the privilege of all to improvise the new song for each rain dance.
2000 Jan. 75/1
In 1892, Cree leader Piapot held a rain dance at a site 400 kilometres southwest of present-day Regina.
1905 12 July 8/3
There will have to be three double headers between the Sox and Champions to dispose of the rain dates already on the south side slate.
1908 12 Apr. 29/4
May 10, ten-mile handicap road race..(rain date, May 17).
1996 21 Aug. 17/1
2 family yard sale, Saturday, August 24, 9:00–12:00... Raindate, Sunday, 25 August.
1901 7 Oct. 8/6
The number of ‘rain days’ was..rather larger in Ireland, and very small in the eastern and south-eastern parts of England.
1922 8 July 38/2
Absolute Drought is a period of more than fourteen consecutive days (i.e., fifteen or more), no one of which is a rain day.
1991 23 Nov. 47/1
Rainfall data from the 15,000 stations includes the number of ‘raindays’ and the total rain for each month, each year.
1899 21 June 13/3
Between the rain delays at Bristol yesterday Lancashire managed to secure a winning position.
1932 22 Nov. 9/3
Rain delay proves costly to state.
2003 3 Sept. 12
Court workers squeegee the court in Arthur Ashe Stadium during a rain delay.
1846 C. Tomlinson viii. 212
Should rain happen to fall, the credit is given to the rain-doctor.
1948 H. Webster xi. 314
She never works alone but always has a rain doctor at hand to discover by divination the causes of a drought.
The queen is the chief actor in the rain cult, but she does not work alone. Rain doctors are appointed to assist her with the secret rituals and ceremonies.
1866 ‘M. Twain’ in 24 Aug. 3/2
What the sailors call ‘rain dogs’—little patches of rainbow—are often seen drifting about the heavens in these latitudes.
1910 H. de V. Stacpoole III. xvi. 122
The rainy season here was quite a lively time. Torrential showers followed by bursts of sunshine, rainbows, and rain-dogs in the sky.
1997 18 June i. 16/6
On a morning in mid-June, rain-dogs drift across steep woods.
1867 J. C. Hepburn 8/2
Amado,..rain-door, the outside sliding doors.
1958 R. P. Dore iv. 49
At night the outer ‘rain-doors’ of solid wood which slide outside the windows of paper or glass are pulled along and fixed tight in order to prevent burglary as well as, in winter, the loss of heat.
9 May a10
One servant's full-time job would be to tend to the wooden rain doors along the corridors running beside the garden.
1851 M. F. Maury 154
The ‘rain-dust’ has been observed most frequently to fall in spring and autumn.
1912 J. Galsworthy 48
The mist had thickened to a white, infinitesimal rain-dust.
2001 55 109
Cesium-137 still remained 14 years after the Chernobyl accident, reaching 26.6 Bq kg−1 in the coloured rain dust.
1827 T. L. McKenney 158
We found the few people who live near its mouth..[with] rain frogs on the logs of their huts to sing them to repose.
1929 W. Rose 47
His other common name is ‘Reen Padda’ or ‘Rain Frog’, which probably indicates a propensity to emerge from concealment at the advent of rain.
1979 N. I. Passmore & V. C. Carruthers 82
Rain Frogs. Breviceps... Eleven species occur in South Africa.
2002 G. M. Eberhart II. 645/2
Phantom frog , Eleutherodactylus phasma. Rain frog discovered in the Cordillera de Talamanca, Costa Rica.
1994 No. 37 5
Rain Gardens are an alternative stormwater management practice being applied as a pilot project at Somerset.
2011 10 Sept. (Weekend Suppl.) 68/1
Rain gardens soak up water like a sponge, letting it seep gently into the ground and reducing the risk of flooding.
The rain-gage..was fixed so high, as to rise above all the neighbouring chimnies.
1860 M. F. Maury
Rivers are the rain-gauges of nature.
1925 C. Wells xiii. 197
Before I left Alor Star, the State Engineer instructed me to carry about a rain gauge.
(Royal Hort. Soc.)
Nov. p. civ/2
Ideal Christmas gifts—all available by post. Raingauges..frost predictors..and many more.
1918 Feb. 271/1
The captain hurriedly slipped on his gum-boots and rain gear and went up on to the bridge.
1939 14 June 8/2
The child who is given a pretty pair of galoshes or boots will not have to be coaxed to put on his rain-gear to tramp around out of doors.
2004 T. C. Boyle i. vii. 125
We just finished our coffee, shrugged into our rain gear and climbed back into the car.
1831 Aug. 104
Hear the rustling of thy wings Among the leaves, where rain-gems glitter still.
1931 E. Blunden 27
The impulses of April, the rain-gems, the rose-cloud.
1945 13 June 4/2
A creature of the sunlight, With rain-gems on its wings.
1862 26 July 121/2
The following may be depended upon as a rain-glass:... Get a common pickle-bottle,..fill it with any kind of water, to within two or three inches of the top; plunge the neck of an empty Florence oil-flask into the pickle-bottle.
1909 33 306
Enthusiasts..who have gradually acquired a belief..that nobody but themselves can read a rain-glass.
1974 21 Dec. 26/8
Goblets..fine ivory china..rain glass plates.
2003 Aug. 114
Separating the tub deck and shower, a single sheet of rain glass allows sunlight to enter.
The petitions submitted to public security organs are a ‘rain glass’ that indicate China's social stability.
1838 Apr. 21
The rain-god, sweeping through the sky, To fill their vessels with his precious dew.
1905 E. Clodd §11. 58
Indra, the old Vedic weather-god, has been completely elbowed out as an object of worship by special rain-gods.
2002 M. Kurlansky
The Aztecs observed ceremonies for Vixtociatl, who was banished to the saltwaters by her brothers the rain gods.
1854 14 Jan. 111/2
The wind-spirit and the rain-goddess.
1904 Jan. 38
The Indian women disraimented still enact the ancient ritual of the Rain-Goddess or Earth-Mother.
16 Sept. 26
The heroine of this novel..is a pipe-smoking pilot who teaches an African tribe to knit and makes date loaves for a rain-goddess.
1703 M. Martin 72
The Rain-goose bigger than a Duck, makes a doleful Noise before a great Rain.
1793 J. Sinclair VII. 573
The birds are, eagles, marrots or auks, kingfishers, rain geese, muir fowls.
1882 22 Aug. 2/5
Rein geese and brent geese were seen.
1959 Aug. 360
The red-throated diver—the ‘rain goose’, as it is familiarly known in the Hebrides and the Shetlands, though the bird is not a goose.
1892 26 Nov. 3/4
Opened their rain guns... General R. T. Dyrenforth and his party of rainmakers began their first series of experiments at producing rain by concussion.
1941 9 Aug. 3/5
Student invents rain gun... The new machine can send..water 180 feet.
2001 Mar. 37/3
Low-pressure sprinklers, mobile trickle-irrigation equipment, and drip-line irrigation pipes are now replacing rain guns.
1755 A. Berthelson tr. E. Pontoppidan i. i. 26
The men secure themselves from the rain by rain-hats, made like umbrellas.
1894 23 91
Oil-paper is used for making the conical rain hats which are fastened on to the ordinary black hat in wet weather.
1946 Oct. 96/1
She has large pockets for her small treasures, flange yoke accented with buttons, sash and a matching rain hat.
1 Dec. b7
Who's a Seattle optimist? The guy with a sun-visor on his rain-hat.
1761 T. Arnold
Regenhut, a Rain-Hood.
1897 XLIX. 184/2
Having borrowed..his father's rain-hood he took up his abode in a wood near his father's house.
1959 2 Oct. 14/6
Her..macintosh, rain hood, and over-boots testified to a careful preparation for the realities of the English climate.
1 Mar. 5
I opened my umbrella and a million pieces of confetti fell out and stuck to a passing OAP wearing a rain hood and plastic mac.
1923 14 June 12/6
Golfer's rain jacket.
1999 C. Hulme xxv. 239
Teddy stood erect in a green lightweight rain jacket and blue tracksuit bottoms, gripping the line-flag in his hand.
1945 23 Feb. 195/1
The new station..is situated at an altitude of 3,000 feet, in the middle of a national forest comprising 300 square miles of conserved and undisturbed rain jungle.
23 Nov. a3
Colum Stapleton was initiated into Santo Diame and imbibed the religion's sacred tea, concocted by boiling a vine and leaf native to the Amazon rain jungles.
1840 C. Mathews ii. i. 33
The Rain-King, only last week, caught a storm on a lightning rod, and held it there two days, notwithstanding the entreaties of the neighbouring county, that was suffering sorely under a drouth.
1880 W. Black xx
There is a deeper gloom overhead; the rain-king is upon us.
1933 26 June 14/5
For some reason we weren't in the path of the rain king Sunday, save for a bit of a sprinkle.
The son of a Rain King in southern Angola, Healo Shityuwete was educated in mission schools in Namibia.
1880 W. E. Purser & H. C. Fanshawe i. 9
In the few rain-land gardens which exist, the jáman and ber trees are found in profusion.
1903 2 126
This tribe is Sedentary and famous for its crops of dhurra which are more carefully cultivated on the rain lands than anywhere else in the Sudan.
2004 D. N. Edwards i. 3
Some regions where the resources of river and rainland savannahs came together, were to become the focus of a long series of early states, the earliest in sub-Saharan Africa.
1877 Nov. 842/2
The delicate little white rain-lilies that spring after a shower scatter their delicious odor.
1966 30 July 42/1
Rain lily bulbs. Blooms all summer. 5¢.
2007 1 696
Species noteworthy for their showiness include..two species of rain lily (Zephyranthes pulchella, Z. traubii).
1966 J. Orton 23 Dec.
The sleeve of my rainmac is covered in whitewash from the wall.
1998 Aug. 102/1
Let's just hope that the summer sorts itself out—there's nothing worse than getting down in a rain mac and wellies.
One of the Thermometers is kept..without Doors in the Rain Machine.
1848 A. K. Johnston a3
Hyetographic or rain map of the World.
1962 T. W. Freeman x. 237
There is a hyetographic or rain map of Europe, showing the number of rainy days (more than 0.01 inch), the isohyetoses, or lines with equal amounts of rain.
1994 11 125
A technique is described for using rain rates inferred from..satellite observations to produce monthly total rain maps for the region 40°N to 40°S.
1851 C. Lyell in 7 239
I received from Mr. Richard Brown some fine specimens of rain-marks from the greenish shales of the coal-measures of Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.
1873 4 383
The sandstones prevail for some distance down; and among the fragments rain-marks..were abundant.
1911 50 637
The erect stumps are associated with rain marks and footprints, clear evidence of sub-aerial position.
1865 Nov. 690/2
In the wide-spread, cloudy canopy the rain-pearls sparkle in the rays of the sun.
1879 O. Wilde in Apr. 30
Brush the rain-pearls from the eucharis.
1926 M. Leinster ii. iv. 191
Eastern music..was to him..as soft as whispered words of love, delicate as tumbling rain-pearls.
1841 XIX. 270/2
Foot-prints, rain-pits, and hollows of every kind.
1963 M. Schwarzbach 64
Rain pits, being indicators of isolated showers are to be expected more in arid climates than in humid.
1991 157 324/1
There is possible evidence of present-day solution in the form of rain pits and karren on the sides of the pinnacles.
1871 A. C. Ramsay in 27 250
The presence of sun-cracks and rain-pittings in the Longmynd beds.
1894 Oct. 452
1928 72 135
They [sc. sandstones] show false bedding, ripple-marking, sun-cracking and rain-pitting of interbedded muds.
1817 E. Forster 33
Charadrius pluvialis. Golden Plover, Yellow Plover, or Rain Plover.
1851 C. Lyell in 7 238
We observed some very distinct rain-prints on ripple-marked shales.
1920 F. W. Emerson 1
By these fossil rain prints and stream marks we know that this rock was accumulated near an ancient beach.
1997 112 45/2
The mudstones have undergone intensive pedogenic modification, and some beds contain rain prints and reptile trackways.
1885 A. J. Evans in 49 106
The Roman rain-procession, as described by Petronius.
1947 37 273
The seven names seem to be..for the special purpose of the rain-procession.
1999 8 38
Summer floods could be catastrophic [in China], but more common was drought, necessitating rain processions, in which ritual associations participated.
1839 10 6
C. Textilis... Black breasted Quail.—Rain quail of some. This pretty little species is very common in most of the well cultivated districts of India.
1909 9 July 22/6
Hybrids have been produced between the rain quail (Coturnix coromandelica) and the pectoral quail (C. pectoralis).
1984 45 403
The photoperiodic response of the sexually dimorphic rain quail was studied.
1933 J. Juta 97
The dark mysterious Rain Queen... Mujaji is her name, and she is probably the last of the direct line of Rain Queens.
1959 L. G. Green 33
For centuries the rain queen was expected, in her old age, to pass on her secrets.., and then to commit ritual suicide by taking poison.
21 June 11
Tragedy followed South Africa's Rain Queen to her early grave yesterday as the young woman said to have power over the elements and the flow of rivers was buried.
1961 19 Aug. 795/2
Dermatitis of the horse caused by Dermatophilus sp... The acute form is dramatic and..produces lesions..familiar to many veterinary surgeons as ‘rain scald’.
1988 June 27/4
A..winter problem you may encounter is a..reaction to rain and cold..on the horse's back and quarters..commonly known as rain scald.
2 June 20
He was in a dreadful state. He was pretty much skin and bones, covered in rain scald and very poor indeed with mud fever, swollen legs, the whole lot.
1896 15 May 732/2
A pronounced ‘rain shadow’ and chonook belt occur on the plateau district in the lee of these mountains.
1922 W. G. Kendren 58
The strip of low land along the east shore of the lake..is a well-marked rain-shadow.
2005 Oct. 49/2
The west of Scotland is the wettest region, with some of the east of the country effectively lying in a rain shadow.
1936 87 11
Valley routes have certain advantages as well as disadvantages for air travel. Among their advantages I would put..the finer weather, owing to local rain-shadowing.
2006 7 254/1
The Taklamakan desert..is characterised by..extremely arid conditions in all seasons. This is due to its continental location and its additional rain shadowing by the alpine Tian and Kunlun mountains.
1910 5 Nov. 1/3
[They] were in civilian's clothes topped by yellow rain slickers closely buttoned about the neck.
1997 Summer 230
The little alcove where the children hang their rain-slickers and hooded jackets.
1869 22 July
A considerable gale visited the premises of our friend..one night last week, during the rain spell.
We..consider..rain spells for which no more simple and expressive name has yet been found.
1924 2 Jan. 11/5
The only rain spell (period of over 15 ‘rain’ days) occurred from February 12 to March 2, when over .01 inch was recorded for 19 consecutive days.
During the 62 years, 1858–1919, there were seven rain spells at Camden Square (London).
2007 42 2157/1
It can evaporate during the rain but especially during the dry period after the end of a rain spell.
1845 J. Phillips & C. G. B. Daubeny Geol. in VI. 566/1
We see the coarse rocks of Borrowdale and Patterdale..change to..the pale grey rocks around Grasmere, or the ‘rain spot’ slate of White Moss.
1878 T. Hardy in July 328
He watched the rain spots thickening upon the faded frocks..and coarse pinafores of his unprotected little flock.
1895 C. E. Cowle Let. 18 Feb. in J. Mulvaney et al.
Daer was in at Alice Spgs and I was an orphan and kept busy dodging rain spots all night (it never ceased for four days and nights).
5 Nov. 248
The rain had soaked the curtain and..rain spots showed on the carpet.
1958 A. Sillitoe 38
Three green-backs..had been washed down by the water, and more were following, lying flat at first after their fall, then getting tilted at the corners by wind and rainspots.
2002 24 1261/1
There is evidence of emergence (rain spots) and proximal plant life.
1720 E. Lloyd tr. J. Chardin II. xvii. 287
Their Care..is to keep always the Rain-Spouts clear, at the bottom.
1820 L. Hunt 21 June 289
You find..the rain-spout pouring away.
1922 J. Joyce ii. xv. [Circe] 453
Boys from High school are perched on the..rainspouts, whistling and cheering.
29 Oct. b4
The gray and white kitten had slipped from a concrete wall near Dobbins Hall and fell into a PVC-pipe rainspout.
1894 9 Nov. 5/2
The editor's umbrella... For about two weeks a very desirable rain-stick had leaned against the desk.
1897 W. E. Roth xii. 167
The singing over, the central figure dives out of sight, and attaches the rain-stick into the hollow log.
1984 4 May vii. 8/1
Drums Ltd...stocks more than 1,000 different percussion instruments—everything from tam tam gongs..to Klaxon horns and Brazilian rain sticks.
1990 June 84/3
Zapotec tapetes, ceremonial rainsticks,..and masks.
30 Apr. 12
Every weapon against brollies has been tried... When they first appeared in London, rain sticks were considered effete and foreign affectations.
2006 Nov. 126/1
[He] plays a traditional acoustic drumkit for Tarzan, augmented by..a djembe, a couple of shakers, a tambourine, and a rain-stick.
1845 15 199
This mountain is very high, and hail storms (rain-stones, as Nasib expressed it) are frequent on it.
1872 H. Rawlinson in Jan. 27
There has been a general belief throughout Central Asia at all times in the efficacy of the Yedeh, or ‘rain-stone’, to control the weather.
1929 26 Apr. 12/2
A hail storm hit the Ohio valley... The rain stones shattered windows and damaged fruit crops.
1932 1 Dec. 915/2
Such rain-stones may be of quartz, of which the transparency is suggestive of water.
2000 Z. Sardar 176
There were traditional means of summoning rain to dowse the fires. In fact, my friend was all for getting her mother to send the family's powerful rainstone over.
1900 20 Dec.
Smoking jackets, house coats, mackintoshes, rain suits.
1950 L. Thomas ii. 23
Our clothing on the trail would be warm ski pants, ski boots, woolen shirts, sweaters, windbreakers, ski caps, and rubberized rain suits.
2001 Mar. 93/1
If you're on a tight budget, those inexpensive lightweight nylon rain suits..are hard to beat.
1893 J. C. Clark 114
Rain Temple at Tsin-Tien, China... It is dedicated to the service of rain begetting.
1894 16 Jan. 4/5
The next series..will contain the following photos... Rain Temple at Tsin-Tsin, China.
1911 J. G. Frazer
I. v. 250
When the rains do not come..the people of Central Angoniland repair to what is called the rain-temple.
1997 41 iv. 141
The God of the Rain Temple of Irinjalajuda..had spoken for us.
1831 T. Carlyle in Dec. 365
She built a Senate-house likewise, glorious in its kind; and now it costs her a wellnigh mortal effort to sweep it clear of vermin, and get the roof made rain-tight.
1918 2 May 5/4
The open models have..waterproof tops and rain-tight windshield.
1991 Oct. 46
An environmentally sealed, hand-held PC..weighs only 28 ounces with batteries, and is dustproof and rain-tight.
1877 30 July 2/2
In the woods adjacent to the City of Moyobamba exists a tree called by the natives Tamia-caspi (rain tree), which possesses some remarkable qualities.
1879 No. 13. 75
Brunefelsia pubescens Rain-tree... Flowers odorous before rain.
1946 A. P. Benthall 225
This was taken to be a discharge from the tree itself, hence the name ‘rain tree’.
1980 A. Stows & J. Stows 26
This is one of the so-called rain trees, because it sometimes appears to drip water; it is not really water, but a sticky liquid coming from an insect called a frog-hopper.
1995 14 Oct. (Outlook section) 31/2
It was morning when you opened your eyes, night when you shut them—like the leaves of the enormous raintree in front of our home; its leaves automatically folded up at dusk and opened at dawn.
1941 26 Oct. c3/5
The demand for especially constructed mud and rain tires has greatly expanded in recent years.
1978 ‘D. Rutherford’ 62
The rain came bucketing down... There was nothing for it but to pit, fit rain tyres and splosh cautiously round.
20 Nov. 52
Bourdais was the last of the front-runners to pit for rain tires.
1552 R. Huloet
Rayne volte, Compluuius lacus.
Winner: Humes Rain Vault (rainwater harvesting system).
1863 1 p. xi.
The remains were lodged, not in the brick-earth, but in a more superficial soil, brought down by the weathering and rain-wash of the hillside.
1912 H. B. Woodward xviii. 221
All slopes are liable to receive a certain amount of downwash or rainwash in the form of earthy débris or angular detritus.
2001 40 96/2
Ireland puts the origin of..many..gullies down, not to forest clearance..and simple subsequent rainwash, but rather to the enhanced runoff from new roads.
1913 14 Mar. 14/2
The most up-to-date styles and shapes in rain-wear apparel.
2003 J. Flanders
Burberry patented a ‘weatherproof’ cloth called gabardine in 1870, and gradually rainwear became equally common for both sexes.
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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, June 2008; most recently modified version published online October 2021).
In this entry:
- railwifery, n.1695
- rail work, n.1759
- railworks, n.1863
- railye, adj.1539
- railyet, n.1561
- raim, v.?c1225
- raiment, n.?a1425
- raiment, v.1656
- raimondite, n.1868
- rain, n.1eOE
- rain, n.2a1450
- rain, v.OE
- rainbird, n.1544
- rainbow, n.OE
- rainbow, v.1807
- rainbowed, adj.1786
- rainbowfish, n.1872
- rainbowy, adj.1800
- rainbred, adj.1582
- rain check, n.1884
- raincoat, n.1830
- raindrop, n.OE
- rained-off, adj.1933
- rained-on, adj.1857
- rainer, n.1839
- Raines, n.1340
- rainfall, n.1765
- rain fly, n.11914
- rain fly, n.21968
- rainforest, n.1903
- rain-fowl, n.1440
- rain-frost, n.c1300
- rainful, adj.1484
- rainily, adv.1835
- raininess, n.1660
- raining, n.1557
- raining, adj.c1400
- rainish, adj.1530
- rainless, adj.1557
- rainmaker, n.1775