, ME pais
, ME paise
, ME pasch
, ME payse
, ME peaix
, ME peasse
, ME peaxce
, ME péés
, ME peese
, ME peis
, ME peix
, ME peos
, ME pess
, ME peyce
, ME peys
, ME þees
(transmission error), ME–15 pays
, ME–15 peax
, ME–15 pece
, ME–15 pees
, ME–15 pes
, ME–15 pese
, ME–15 pesse
, ME–16 peas
, ME–16 pease
, ME–16 peece
, ME– peace
, 15 peaxe
, 16 piece
, 18– pays
, pre-17 paiche
, pre-17 pais
, pre-17 paise
, pre-17 paix
, pre-17 pasch
, pre-17 pasche
, pre-17 payce
, pre-17 peac
, pre-17 peasche
, pre-17 peax
, pre-17 peaxe
, pre-17 pece
, pre-17 peche
, pre-17 peece
, pre-17 pees
, pre-17 peex
, pre-17 peice
, pre-17 peich
, pre-17 peis
, pre-17 peiss
, pre-17 peix
, pre-17 pes
, pre-17 pese
, pre-17 pess
, pre-17 pesse
, pre-17 pex
, pre-17 pexe
, pre-17 peys
, pre-17 pice
, pre-17 17– peace
, pre-17 18 paice
, pre-17 18 pease
, pre-17 19– pace
), pre-17 19– peas
, 18 peese
, 18– paece
) also records a form ME payes
. (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):
Origin: A borrowing from French. Etymons: French pes, pais.
< Anglo-Norman pes
, etc., and Old French pais
, Old French, Middle French, French paix
tranquillity in relations between two or more individuals (second half of the 10th cent.), state of tranquillity which comes about as a result of fulfilling religious duties (c
1050), peaceful relations between fellow citizens (c
1100), condition of a nation or state which is not at war (c
1100), freedom from anxiety or inner conflict (12th cent.), truce (c
1200), peace treaty (1317) < classical Latin pac-
peace, order, security, amity, concord, tranquillity, calm, stillness, pact or settlement, peace personified, goddess of peace, in post-classical Latin also the kiss of peace (3rd cent.), enforcement of public order (6th cent.), protection guaranteed by the monarch to certain people (9th cent.), osculatory (from 12th cent. in British sources) < a stem pāc-
, parallel form of pāg-
, stem of pāgina
, stem of pangere
: see further s.v. ). Compare Old Occitan paz
1070; Occitan patz
), Catalan pau
(1251; earlier as paz
1150) and pad
1200)), Spanish paz
(1207), Portuguese paz
(1145), Italian pace
(13th cent.). Compare
In Middle English the vowel shows monophthongization of ai
to open ē
(as reflected also in the Anglo-Norman forms). Middle English final -s
shows an unvoiced final consonant, subsequently represented by -ce
In sense , following post-classical Latin pax
and Hellenistic Greek εἰρήνη
, ‘peace’ often represents Hebrew šālōm
, properly denoting ‘safety, welfare, prosperity’.
With the king's peace
(see sense ) compare Old English cyninges grið
; compare also:
I. i. i. §4. 4
En dreit des Justices..de terminer apeaus et autres trespas fetz encountre nostre pes.
1327 King Edward III De Assumptione Rogiminis in A. Clarke & F. Holbrooke Rymer & Sanderson's Fœdera
II. i. 183
Ne quis..dictam pacem nostram infringere, seu violere, præsumat.
With to keep the peace
(see ) compare:
1326–7 in Statutes of Realm
Pur la pees meultz garder..le Roi veot qen chescun Countee que bones gentz..soient assignez a la garde de la pees.
In several of the main senses.
P1. to hold (also †have, keep) one's peace : to remain quiet or silent; to keep silence; to refrain from comment or criticism.
a1275 St. Margaret
l. 213 in A. S. M. Clark
(Ph.D. diss., Univ. of Michigan)
Haue þi pais [c1330 Auch. be stille], þou foule þing.
a1350 in G. L. Brook
Holdeþ nou or pees.
a1382 Prefatory Epist. St. Jerome in
I holde my pees of gramaryens & rethorykez, philosophers, geometrers, [etc.].
tr. G. Deguileville
ii. lxv. 59
I..held my pees, and wold no more seye.
1490 W. Caxton tr.
He had grete luste to speke, for yf he had keped his peas [etc.].
Matrimonie f. xiii*v
Let him now speake, or els hereafter foreuer hold his peace.
1587 Sir P. Sidney & A. Golding tr. P. de Mornay xxix. 542
At this text R. Eliezer was blankt and held his peace.
1620 tr. G. Boccaccio I. v. viii. f. 201
So soone as Madam Lauretta held her peace, Madam Philomena (by the Queenes command) began, and saide.
1672 Duke of Buckingham iii. 27
Nay, pr'ythee hold thy peace.
1717 M. Prior iii. 186
Richard, keep thy head, And hold thy peace.
Stow you, be silent, or hold your peace.
1818 33 346
If we hold our tongues upon this subject, let us, for decency's sake, keep our peace as to the dependence of Canning.
1890 W. C. Russell III. xxvi. 16
I held my peace on this new..craze.
1928 D. H. Lawrence xv. 265
But since I can't, an' nobody can, I'd better hold my peace, an' try an' live my own life.
1970 P. Berton vii. i. 264
The Tory chieftain had kept his peace while the Liberal press continued to announce his imminent retirement.
The union ought to hold its peace about the payment period now. For it signed the pact.
P2. to make peace phr.
b. to make one's peace : to effect a reconciliation for oneself (esp. with another person). Formerly also †to make (another person's) peace .In quot. : †to admit a person to friendly relations with oneself (obsolete).
a1350 in G. L. Brook
Iesu Crist, þou be mi bote, so boun icham to make my péés.
William of Shoreham
Þos mote Make þy pes wyþ alle þre Sorwe, schryfte, and edbote.
This bargeyn eende may never take, But if that she [sc. his beloved] thi pees will make.
Dame Calistride..comes with hire ladis; Mas hire pes with oure prince.
c1515 Ld. Berners tr.
By his meanes my peace was made with the kynge.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
iii. iv. 262
I will make your peace with him, if I can.
1642 T. Fuller ii. xix. 120
Those who have made their peace with God.
1690 J. Locke ii. xxvii. 159
Many whilst they break the Law, entertain Thoughts of future reconciliation, and making their Peace for such Breaches.
1749 H. Fielding III. viii. xiv. 289
My false Friend..was likewise considered as a Prisoner, tho' he was better treated, as being to make his Peace at my Expence.
1788 T. Jefferson
Symptoms which render it suspicious that the two empires may make their peace with the Turks.
1847 A. Brontë xii. 187
Don't depend upon me for making your peace with Mr Murray, for I never see him—to speak to.
1885 R. F. Burton tr. IV. cclxxxv. 129
Now when her husband had made his peace with the young lady, he lay with her that night.
1916 E. R. Burroughs x. 162
Speak quick before I kill you! Make your peace with God!
1990 S. Johnson xxxiv. 255
She died before they could make their peace. He went to his grave a broken man.
c. To conclude a treaty at the conclusion of a war; to effect a reconciliation between people or parties; to be or become reconciled. Also: to enter into friendly relations with a person or party.
a1393 J. Gower
Prol. 256 (MED)
I not how that thei scholde amende The woful world..To make pes betwen the kynges.
?a1430 T. Hoccleve Mother of God l. 78 in
By thee, lady, y-makid is the pees Betwixt Angels and men.
(Ph.D. diss., Univ. of Washington)
And lightlier is it forto wynne Forȝeuenesse of God for synne, Þan of God and of men boþe; If þei with þee here ben wroþe, Þe latter may he pees make.
1535 Josh. x. A
They of Gibeon had made peace with Israel.
1564 A. Golding tr. Justinus xliii. f. 164
At her syght he was so astraught, that..he made peace with ye Massiliens.
1590 E. Spenser ii. iii. sig. O8
So happy peace they made and faire accord.
1611 Isa. xxvii. 5
He shall make peace with me.
1651 T. Hobbes iii. xl. 253
The Supreme Power of making War and Peace, was in the Priest.
1654 O. Cromwell Speech 4 Sept. in
It is a maxim not to be despised, though peace be made, yet it is interest that keeps peace.
1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Æneis xi, in tr. Virgil 551
Make peace, ye Latians, and avoid with Care Th' impending Dangers of a fatal War.
1754 B. Franklin
That the President General with the Advice of the Grand Council, hold or Direct all Indian Treaties..And make Peace or Declare War with the Indian Nations.
1765 W. Blackstone I. vii. 257
The king has also the sole prerogative of making war and peace.
1818 M. W. Shelley II. ix. 145
If any being felt emotions of benevolence towards me, I should return them an hundred and an hundred fold; for that one creature's sake, I would make peace with the whole kind!
1885 R. F. Burton tr. I. x. 95
The ladies laughed consumedly at the squabble; and, making peace between the Kalandars and the Porter, seated the new guests before meat and they ate.
1920 W. S. Churchill Let. 24 Mar. in
IV. xvii. 378
I should be prepared to make peace with Soviet Russia on the best terms available to appease the general situation.
1989 G. Early iv. xiv. 237
The father's way of making peace with being a black man in a world of white sensibilities.
1991 M. Tully
It is quite possible that Chandre would have..returned to his village to make peace with his mother had he not met [etc.].
2003 5 May 12/2
What the refuseniks have done..does not contribute to telling us how the Israelis and Palestinians can make peace.
†d. To enforce silence. Obsolete.
Þei seyn to certeyn Officeres..‘Maketh pees.’
a1470 T. Malory
Anone as the kynge saw hym, there was made peas and rome.
P3. at peace: in a state of concord or friendliness; not at war or at variance (with a country, a person, oneself, etc.); in a state of quietness or serenity. †at a person's peace : in a state of friendliness with a person (cf. ) (obsolete).
Fro þis tyme forþ..Wiþ ioseph were þei neuer at pees [a1400 Vesp. saght].
ii. 88 (MED)
Þei obliged þam to gyue Fourti þousand pound at his pes to lyue.
Lete us stonde at on acord, At pes wythowtyn ende.
iii. l. 279
Thai chargyt him to mak Wallace at pes.
1560 T. Becon Common-pl. Holy Script. in iii. 68
To set at peace by hym through the bloude of hys crosse both thinges in heauen and thinges in earth.
1568 Job xxii. 21
Reconcile thee vnto God, and be at peace.
a1629 W. Hinde
Being so at peace with God, we have peace with our selves.
1661 R. Baillie
For our private matters in the Colledge, this twelvemoneth we have been at peace.
1722 D. Defoe 21
The Inns-of-Court were all shut up... Every Body was at peace; there was no Occasion for Lawyers.
1749 J. Cleland II. 46
In short, this dev'lish thing, with its impetuous girds and itching fires, led me such a life, that I could neither, night or day, be at peace with it or myself.
1853 A. J. Morris i. 7
Those who are never at peace but when they are at war.
1860 J. W. Warter II. 115
He is at peace with this world and the next!
1910 I. 465/1
The fitting out, arming or equipping..of any vessel, which it has reasonable ground to believe is intended to cruise or to carry on war against a power with which it is at peace.
1933 J. Bridie i. iii
Sit at peace and enjoy the sunshine.
1994 20 Feb. i. 36/3
Now Washington and Moscow are at peace, and the supercollider is just one of the scientific enterprises likely to fall victim to the end of the cold war.
2001 15 May ii. 2
Quiet people..drifting off to friends' homes to ‘chill out’ or just strolling through the dawn at peace with themselves and the world.
P4. In collocation with plenty.
(Huntington HM 137)
C. xviii. 93 (MED)
Ther sholde be plente and pees perpetuel for euere.
To regne in pees, plente, and plesaunce.
With peasse and plente..Good luf and charyte Blendyd amanges vs.
a1542 T. Wyatt
Ffollowe the right suche one shall alwaye fynde Hym self in peace and plentie to habounde.
1596 E. Spenser vi. sig. A4v
Let endlesse Peace your steadfast hearts accord, And blessed Plentie wait vpon you[r] bord.
a1618 J. Sylvester 22
Smiling Hope..False-promiseth long Peace and plenty too.
1697 J. Dryden tr. Virgil Æneis viii, in tr. Virgil 447
With his mild Empire, Peace and Plenty came: And hence the Golden Times deriv'd their name.
1713 A. Pope 2
And Peace and Plenty tell, a Stuart reigns.
1781 E. Gibbon
III. xxx. 171
This scene of peace and plenty was suddenly changed into a desert.
1823 Ld. Byron xv. 32
How rich is Britain! not indeed in mines, Or peace, or plenty, corn, or oil, or wines.
1860 J. Abbott I. vi. 181
After this the old wolf, every day when she came home with food for her young ones, gave the boy some of it too, and he continued living with this wild family for some time in peace and plenty.
1915 C. P. Gilman Herland in Aug. 209/2
They were living in peace and power and plenty; we were their guests, their prisoners, absolutely dependent.
1949 W. S. Maugham 306
The world has always been a place of turmoil. There have been short periods of peace and plenty, but they are exceptional.
1994 24 Oct. 33
While the poor are bewitched by dreams of peace and plenty, the rich are preparing for an apocalypse.
a. to keep the peace (also to keep peace ): to maintain public order; to prevent or refrain from public commotion or disorder; (gen.) to prevent or refrain from argument, strife, disruptive behaviour, or displays of hostile feeling, etc.
Wher of serueþ any assise..But for to kepe pees [a1400 Vesp. to yeme þe pes] in londe?
1422 IV. 176/1
Execution of lawe and kepyng of Pees stant miche in Justice of Pees.
1444 V. 123/2
The Baillifs..shall well and truly kepe the pees within the seid Toun.
(Ph.D. diss., Univ. of Washington)
The þridde ben lordes þat þe pees kepe, For a man in pees may siker slepe.
1569 R. Grafton II. 162
Caused him to be newely sworne to kepe the peace of the lande.
1608 W. Shakespeare vii. 45
Keepe peace vpon your liues, hee dies that strikes againe.
1663 S. Butler i. i. 54
To keep the peace 'twixt Dog and Bear.
1735 B. Franklin 1195
I had resolved to keep the Peace on my own part, and affront none of them.
1765 W. Blackstone I. xiii. 411
To provide a determinate quantity of such arms as were then in use, in order to keep the peace.
1816 J. Austen I. xi. 205
Emma..had half a mind to take it up; but she struggled, and let it pass. She would keep the peace if possible.
1866 ‘G. Eliot’ I. ii. 77
It's a little awkward; but a clergyman must keep peace in a family.
1951 13 Jan. 12
The licensee's job of keeping the peace was a hard one.
29 Oct. 5
Davies was bound over to keep the peace for six months to the sum of £100.
b. to bind (also †hold) to the peace : to oblige (a person) to give a legal undertaking not to commit a breach of the peace. Also with over (cf. ). Now chiefly Irish English.
Þus hase he wonun Kay on werre..And mekill of othir gere Is holden to þe pees.
a1516 H. Medwall ii. sig. e.viv
Kepe well your patience Lyke as I haue bound you both to the peace.
1601 B. Jonson iv. i. sig. I2v
I haue a warrant of the peace serued on me euen now... Beare witnesse I was bound to the peace.
1618 M. Dalton 139
If the partie shall mislike to be..bound to the peace.
1681 T. Otway iii. i. 34
I'll have him bound to the peace instantly.
1717 C. Bullock ii. 25
I wou'd have you bind him over to the Peace, put him in the Crown Office, Swear an Assault against him.
1777 K. O'Hara ii. 19
You owe to the police That bloodless, I resheath my sword; For I'm bound over to the peace.
1802 W. Gifford tr. Juvenal
I'm beaten first, then dragg'd in rage away; Bound to the peace, or punish'd for the fray!
25 Nov. 4
[He] was given a six month suspended sentence and was bound to the peace for two years.
Judge Angela Ni Chonduin said she would bind him to the peace for one year if he pays €200 to the victim.
c. to break the peace : to commit an offence against public order. Now chiefly historical.breach of the peace: see .
1523 Ld. Berners tr. J. Froissart I. cccxli. 217/2
Whiche of them yt euer should breake this peace..shoulde rynne in the sentence of the pope.
?1570 i. sig. Biv
Subiectes..who..take armor wickedly..to breake the publike peace.
1575 in W. H. Turner
The peace might be broken.
a1616 W. Shakespeare
i. iv. 57
Fye Lords, that you being supreme Magistrates, Thus contumeliously should breake the Peace .
a1680 S. Butler
To maintain their own Hypotheses, Broke one another's Blockheads, and the Peace.
1749 H. Fielding III. vii. ix. 63
He would exceed his Authority by committing the Girl to Bridewell, as there had been no Attempt to break the Peace .
1793 W. Blackstone
He may apprehend, and commit to prison, all persons who break the peace.
1831 13 May
That intolerable Italian has done more to break the peace of this country than all the radicals and riotists in the last quarter of a century.
1886 at Burgh, William de
It was decreed that each baron should punish his own servants if they broke the peace.
1940 S. H. Holbrook ii. 30
Hauled into local court before Justice Hutchinson, Ethan was charged with breaking the peace and with blasphemy.
1991 T. Horwitz iii. 30
The custom of kharab wa-turab—the right to ‘lay waste’ to an enemy who breaks the peace without paying blood money.
d. to swear (also †pray) the peace against (a person) : to swear that one is in bodily fear from (a person), so that he or she may be bound over to keep the peace. Also †to swear the peace . Now historical.
Robert Smyth prayeth the peace against Charles Glaven.
1643 W. Prynne iii. 21
They may sweare the peace against them.
1680 T. Shadwell iii. 35
Oh Lord have have mercy upon me! what shall I do? I'll swear the Peace against him, if I live and breath.
1740 D. Bellamy Rival Priests i, in II. 10
My old Friend, your Uncle, is a Corregidore.—I'll complain to him, and swear the Peace against the Rascal.
1773 K. O'Hara i. 6
Ven. (in fear, screaming) I'll swear the peace:—keep at arms-length, Virago!
1822 19 Jan. 2/4
The fickle bridegroom changed his mind, and refused to marry..and the next morning swore the peace against those guests who had attempted to thump him into matrimony.
1880 Dec. 93/2
I've a good mind to send for Squire Battle and swear the peace against ye.
1939 R. H. Barker x. 188
Mrs Cibber..swore the peace against Theophilus and had him bound over on good behavior.
1969 J. R. Brackett ii. 24
The Council..decided to order the magistrate not to countenance the servant, for it was not customary to allow servants to swear the peace against their masters.
P6. no peace for the wicked and variants: no rest or tranquillity (esp. for the speaker); incessant anxiety, responsibility, or work.Originally in or with allusion to the biblical use (Isaiah 48:22, 57:21; cf. also ). Now frequently humorous or ironic rather than with any real suggestion of wickedness (cf. ).
Isa. xlviii. 22
Pees is not to wickid [a1382 E.V. vnpitous] men, seith the Lord.
Isa. lvii. 21
The Lord God seide, Pees is not to wickid [a1382 E.V. vnpytouse] men.
1587 Isa. xlviii. 22
There is no peace, sayeth the Lorde, vnto the wicked.
1612 J. Davies f. 166
(title of poem)
That there is no peace to the Wicked.
1635 J. Reynolds
iv. xvi. 303
As there is no peace to the wicked, so they shall finde no peace or tranquility here on Earth.
1674 W. Penn 107
I told thee before, that this Doctrine of thine Speaks Peace to the Wicked, whilst wicked. But there is no Peace to the Wicked, saith my God.
1732 July 864/1
There is no Peace for the Wicked; and whilst I can either write or speak, there shall be none for you.
1847 July 410/2
Peace they seek, but there is no peace for the wicked.
1869 Dec. 76/1
Her life henceforward must be one long battle... ‘No peace for the wicked,’ said she mockingly to herself oftentimes.
1944 A. Thirkell iv. 86
‘It's for Dr. Perry.’.. ‘No peace for the wicked,’ said Dr. Perry.
1992 N. Barber
‘Let's start work,’ Dr Reid sighed. ‘There's nae peace for the wicked.’
P7. Proverb. if you want peace, prepare for war and variants
[after post-classical Latin qui desiderat pacem, praeparet bellum (Vegetius De Rei Militari 3 prol.; compare )]
a1547 E. Hall
He forgot the olde adage, sayinge, in tyme of peace provyde for warre.
1675 in A. Grey
'Tis a rule in time of peace, to prepare for war.
1787 tr. J. P. C. de Florian II. 224
In the first place, thou hast need of peace: prepare then for war.
1850 14 Dec. 526/2
It proves rather that if you want peace you must prepare for war, than any sublimer maxim.
1885 C. Lowe II. x. 99
Lord Beaconsfield had acted on the maxim that ‘if you want peace, you must prepare for war’.
1934 H. C. Bailey xvii. 175
If you want peace, prepare for war. Very appropriate. I do. I am.
1990 28 Aug. g2/1
As always, the success of diplomacy rests on the latent availability of force. If you seek peace, prepare for war.
P8. with a person's peace (also with the peace of a person )
[after classical Latin pāce (see )]
: without offence to a person; begging pardon of a person; = Obsolete.
1631 B. Jonson Divell is Asse ii. ii, in II. 117
I speake it with my Masters peace.
1669 J. Flamsteed Let. 24 Nov. in
With the peace of that industrious astronomer,..I dare affirm that a part of the sun will..be likewise conspicuous.
1730 H. Fielding i. iii. 5
Sir Av. How now, Son! What puts you into this Passion?.. Y. Ped. Sir, with your Peace, I am not in a Passion.
P9. peace be upon him (and variants): used as an expression of reverence for prophets, religious leaders, and other significant figures in Islam and (in earlier use also) Judaism; or (occasionally) of dead relatives or friends: ‘may he be granted peace’. Frequently used parenthetically, esp. following a name or title.
1646 J. Gregory To Rdr. sig. ¶
Melchisedeck sonne of Heraclim, which was the sonne of Phaleg, which was the sonne of Eber, which was the sonne of Arphaxat &c. till you come to..the sonne of Adam, Peace be upon him.
1699 H. Hesketh 22
Their Monuments are beheld with Reverence, and passers by Salute them, with a Peace be upon him, as the Jews did, and all Eastern Nations do to this day.
1780 J. White tr. Timur 13
By the influence of the Holy Religion of Mahummud (God's peace be upon him,) and with the assistance of the powerful descendants and illustrious followers of that Prophet.
1854 Apr. 489/1
Nefta..was built—or, rather the foundation of it was laid—by Saidna Noah (our Lord Noah): peace be upon him! Here he discovered the first dry spot.
1892 I. Zangwill I. 177
If you had come round when he was sitting Shivah for Benjamin—peace be upon him!—you would have known.
1939 A. A. Beg i. 120
Unless one studied him at close quarters, it was difficult to appreciate his admiration and love for Islam and the holy Prophet (Peace be upon him!).
2000 Z. Smith
There is an hadith of the Prophet Muhammad—peace be upon Him!
P10. Church History. the Peace of the Church : (also with lower-case initials) the declaration by Constantine and Licinius in the Edict of Milan ( a.d. 313) that members of non-Roman religions, especially Christians, were no longer to be persecuted; (also) the condition of Christianity in the Roman Empire after this declaration.
1705 T. Hearne
I. ii. vi. 214
The State of Christianity under its Persecution is shewn, and the Peace of the Church under Constantine declared.
1776 E. Gibbon I. xvi. 575
The space of ten years, which elapsed between the first edicts of Diocletian, and the final peace of the church.
1851 7 Oct. 4/3
From the cruel persecutions of Diocletian and Galerius arose the peace of the church under Constantine.
1893 R. Lanciani iv. 196
I pass over the fate of the emperors of the second and third centuries, and resume my description with those who came to power after the peace of the church.
1947 W. Lowrie ii. 20
We are obliged to assume that during a century of more before the Peace of the Church a tradition had been formed for the adornment of churches.
(Soc. for Promotion Hellenic Stud.)
No. 42. 68/2
The neat symmetry of the original scheme..was spoiled by the addition of rotundas for the Syracusan aristocracy after the Peace of the Church.
(chiefly in sense ).
1920 13 Aug.
U.S. and France in peace accord.
1969 14 May 3/1
Menahem Begin..said..that Israel recently rejected a United States proposal that she agree to a contractual peace accord that would mutually obligate the parties involved in the Middle East dispute.
1996 30 May 11/1
The incident is a glaring illustration of the failure of Milosevic to honour the pledge he made at the Dayton peace accord to hand over alleged war criminals.
1944 22 June 1/6
The struggle between peace activists and the pro-German clique in Finland was nearing a climax.
1992 Nov. 4/2
The biggest news of the decade for peace activists has hardly been publicized at all.
1807–8 J. B. Burges i. ii. 91
Why then do these peace-advocates essay To check our vengeance, when the word of power Bids us advance?
1991 5 Feb. 8/1
Peace advocates are capable of expressing themselves in more than just slogans, chants, and soundbites.
1858 E. D. Neill 336
The peace agreement between the Ojibways and the Dahkotahs.
1905 9 June 2/1
It was thought on Kuropatkin's defeat that the war was over, and that Russia must needs seek a peace-agreement.
1994 16 Jan. a6/2
The meeting likely will be..a watershed that most agreed will help pave the way for a future peace agreement.
1909 15 Sept. 7/2
As to the peace aims of the scouts, I would suggest that those who have any doubts as to the truth of this should study ‘Scouting for Boys’.
1992 22 Aug. 12/1
Realistic peace aims have to start with an understanding of the kind of war this is.
1905 26 Apr. 3/2
The necessity of continuing the [Anglo-Japanese] alliance as a potent instrument for preserving the peace area.
1957 28 Sept. 1000/1
Replace alliances by security pacts—create ‘peace areas’ (ranging from southern Asia to the Baltic).
The eight peace centers will cover all 19 regencies and mayoralties before the whole of Aceh is eventually declared as a peace area.
1849 13 Jan. 5/1
The arrangement..does not seem so necessary in the peace army of England as in that of any other European Power.
1897 28 July 3/3
Should not our brave and patient peace army [sc. the police force] be considered?
1977 82 303
The diocesan peace-army was not as such, and Peter's more urgent needs undoubtedly lay elsewhere.
1925 30 Apr. 12/3
It is better at once to assume the leadership of a European Peace bloc than dance on a tight-rope between the Reds and Blues.
1939 W. S. Churchill
The first [step]..is the full inclusion of Soviet Russia in our defensive peace bloc.
6 Dec. 26
Rev. Jesse Jackson and his peace bloc allies have not been selected by the American electorate to lead us on a ‘walk in the woods’ with Mikhail Gorbachev.
1930 D. Allen iv. 56
Let no conservative peace campaigner fail to note that safety valve, ‘offensive war’.
1953 Nov. 25/2
The wish-dream world of the Stockholm peace campaigner.
1995 C. Bateman v. 49
His status as victim and peace campaigner quickly catapulted him into the limelight.
1852 28 Feb. 5/6
[Signed] Edmund Fry, Secretary of the Peace Conference.
A Peace Conference was held at the Hague in May, June, and July '99.
2002 12 May iv. 1/1
Since announcing..the peace conference, the Bush administration has gone out of its way to say that it will be only a meeting of ministers.
1848 21 Sept. 3/1
The Standard of Freedom of Saturday next..will contain a copious Report of the Great Peace Congress at Brussels.
In 1717 he was appointed..joint mediator at the Austro-Turkish peace congress at Passarowitz.
1838 24 May 3/2
A Peace Convention, composed of delegates from the various Peace Societies of the U. States, met at New York on the 2d inst.
The Forum of Chief Ministers of the North-Eastern States has decided to organise a regional peace convention in Guwahati in the last week of August.
1915 W. H. Page Let. 6 June in B. J. Hendrick
II. xiv. 10
We're in danger of being feminized and fadridden—grape juice..; pensions; Christian Science; peace-cranks; [etc.].
1973 F. Davis vii. 204
Mahan's clear, unemotional voice rose above the chorus of the ‘peace cranks’ (Taft's words) as he bade the United States realize that [etc.].
1836 D. O'Connell Let. 18 Sept. in 26 Sept. 1/3
Prosperity and justice from England, or from herself—such must be the ‘peace cry’ of Ireland.
1884 E. A. Abbott
ii. xvi. 67
As soon as the sound of the Peace-cry of my departing Wife had died away, I began to approach the Stranger.
1931 E. Sisson xii. 184
Their leaders were being dealt such a blow of punitive peace terms by Germany that the peace cry of Sunday was followed by war clamor of Monday.
1849 23 July 5/1
The peace demonstration ended in a proposal that we should go on doing pretty much what we have already been doing for thirty years or more.
1987 V. Mollenkott vi. 95
Those who have spent time in jail for civil-rights or peace demonstrations, or for giving sanctuary to refugees.
1952 4 Nov. 4/4
Peking radio last night said it [sc. the delegation from Moscow] was given a rousing reception by the Chinese cultural leaders and ‘peace-fighters’.
Arun Gandhi, grandson of the legendary peace fighter and spiritual leader Mahatma Gandhi.
1856 5 Jan. 1/1
To put forward a plausible peace ‘feeler’ at present, could do no great harm to the projects of Napoleon the Third.
1918 Sept. 52/1
This opening remark of mine should not be construed as a pro-German peace feeler.
1984 G. H. Clarfield & W. M. Wiecek iii. 63
In official circles,..Japanese peace feelers counted for little.
1909 14 Feb. 11/4
The Morning Post..has been a severe critic of the Wilson peace formula and of the attitude the president has taken at the peace conference.
1996 19 July 2/1
The Archbishop was keeping a low profile as he tried to put together a new peace formula.
1919 17 June 13/2
The necessity of a united peace front is just as great as was the necessity for a united war front.
1988 M. Scriven
Only a united peace front could halt the aggressive, war-mongering development of fascist nation states.
1893 H. M. Doughty 18
Sweet peace-haven! The fret and clatter of the world could not disturb..even the lightest of our dreams.
1952 N. Demuth vii. 92
In the peace-haven of Mills he produced in all tranquillity four works of classical proportions but not of classical design.
2003 J. R. Ridley & J. Channing
The two major methods of personnel protection are the provision of a quiet room or peace haven, and the wearing of ear-muffs.
1855 19 Mar. 8/6
It has long been my opinion that whenever England shall engage in war, her cavalry system, too long the toy of peace heroes, would inevitably break down.
1997 D. P. Fry & K. Bjökqvist xx. 239
Why is the hero, the accepted hero, always a military hero? Why not a peace hero?
1902 31 Jan. 3
The Brussels correspondent of the Standard declares that the peace initiative on the part of Holland was decided upon at the personal instigation of Queen Wilhelmina.
1955 E. B. Haas in 49 58
Apparently afraid that the ‘peace initiative’ was passing into Western hands, Vyshinsky now amended his own resolution by demanding an immediate ceasefire as a condition for further negotiations.
Both sides are gearing up for heavy fighting during the coming months, while they manoeuvre for political leverage in competing peace initiatives.
1884 W. Beatty-Kingston tr. J. H. Moritz Busch II. ii. 130
I [sc. Bismarck] don't picture to myself a peace-mediator playing the part of an arbitrator.
The ISI had developed sharp differences with UN peace mediators in Afghanistan.
1846 27 Apr. 3/3
A large Peace meeting was held in London immediately previous to the sailing of the Unicorn.
1939 C. Day Lewis iii. i. 260
Sitting on the platform at peace meetings.
1985 G. Paley 186
All those peace meetings you go to.
1919 J. L. Garvin 37
The efforts of the Western democracies were for a long time hindered by the peace-mentality of most statesmen and by traditional conceptions of war in the minds of most soldiers.
1962 R. Macleod & D. Kelly
Although we were at war, a peace mentality seemed to pervade all departments.
1841 27 Feb. 4/6
He was then secretary to a so-called peace-mission in North America.
1904 E. D. Adams 78
They are of value in elucidating Pitt's secret diplomacy in the case of Nootka Sound, and in the steps leading to Malmesbury's peace mission of 1796.
The Archbishop of Canterbury began a peace mission within the Church of England yesterday to prevent civil war over the ordination of women priests.
† peace-mistress n. Obsolete
1590 R. Harvey 6
Our most roiall Peace-Mistres holds the sterne.
1899 18 May 1/2
Aspect of affairs is now favorable, cabled Otis from Manilla today. To be another peace move.
1915 12 Aug. 6/3
What the [New York] Tribune fears is that Washington may be inveigled into giving countenance to this peace move engineered by Germany.
1991 31 Jan. 7/7
Australia's High Commissioner to PNG..met Sir Michael on Friday to discuss the latest peace moves on Bougainville, wracked by a bloody two-year secessionist uprising.
1839 Mar. 289
The Peace movement has encountered less opposition in this country and abroad, than perhaps any other cause of moral reform.
1927 Feb. 142/2
The editorial goes on to demonstrate that all the peace movements originate in that suburb of Gehenna, Moscow.
1997 2 Mar. 14/2
His training in the peace movement, and his sophisticated understanding of philosophies of nonviolence and social witness, made him an influential and valued adviser.
1847 16 Aug. 8/2
He is now charged..with defeating the peace negotiation, in not forwarding, promptly, the overtures of Mr. Buchanan.
1855 J. L. Motley I. i. iii. 205
Pending the peace negotiations, Philip had been called upon to mourn for his wife and father.
1996 29 Apr. 5/5
Israel also secured written rules of engagement that it hopes will bring a period of quiet lasting long enough to complete peace negotiations with Syria.
1872 H. S. Knapp Index 6
Legislative hostilities between Ohio and Michigan—efforts at compromise—Governor Mason, of Michigan, rejects the peace offers.
If the Arabs bring to the table a peace offer that ordinary Israelis feel they can safely accept.
1852 Jan. 127
He said..that he expected ‘soon to be joined by American Commissioners’ to receive peace overtures from Mexico.
1970 43 63
Japan's ‘path to calamity’..was strewn with what the Japanese considered to be fair and honorable peace overtures toward China.
1892 C. Scollard 98
Before the birth-song of the Galilean Thrilled through the spheres afar, Long ere the echo of that sweet peace pæan Was borne from star to star.
1943 P. Sargent 96
A week after Lord Cecil's peace paean, Japan invaded Manchuria.
1813 8 Nov. 3/5
One of the most curious geniuses among the whole of the Eastern peace-party..is William Jones, Esq. the Governor of Rhode Island.
1863 J. H. Carleton Let. 23 June in
(U.S. Congr. Joint Special Comm.)
Tell them they can have until the twentieth day of July of this year to come in—they and all those who belong to what they call the peace party.
1916 M. B. Lowndes 8 Dec.
Violet Markham thinks L.G. will last out a good while but that all ‘the Old Gang’ as people are beginning to call them, will gradually crystallise into a Peace Party.
1968 21 June 7/4
London WC i. 7.30 p.m. 29 Great James Street. Summer Peace Party and Barbecue.
1864 J. P. Benjamin Let. 19 Dec. in
(U.S. Naval War Rec. Office)
2nd Ser. III. 1252
I note your statement of an expenditure of £300 for Mr. McHenry's books, and £150 to aid the parties who signed the peace petition.
1920 M. Reynolds ii. 203
In 1643..the women of London, with white silk ribbons in their hats, went in great numbers to the House bearing a peace petition.
1973 E. Jong
Their mildly leftist political views, their signing of peace petitions..were just camouflage.
1855 17 Dec. 7/6
It is not known to me whether the peace plan of the western diplomatists has met with the approval of the Nestor of British diplomatists.
1968 3 Oct. 429/1
The process has apparently forced the Israelis to clarify their position with a ‘peace plan’.
1996 4 Feb. 22/5
The passing of the midnight deadline for the withdrawal of warring parties from areas designated by the Bosnian peace plan.
1814 J. Steele 29
Reflections on the Unchristian Practice of War—Peace Principles applicable to National Government.
15 May 3
Ackerman's Student Peace Advocates, an elective course that makes peace principles part of the school's curriculum and daily routine.
1892 27 Dec. 3/2
There has been opened at Berne a central office, where union and method are secured for the furtherance of the peace propaganda.
1929 D. H. Lawrence 85
Loud peace propaganda makes war seem imminent.
1998 C. Kelly in C. Kelly & D. Shepherd xi. 224
Items of peace propaganda mainly produced for export (such as the ubiquitous poster reproduction of Picasso Dove of Peace on relatively high-quality shiny paper).
1848 F. A. Kemble Let. Feb. in
All of them..likened their corn-law league, and peace protests, to the first measures of the first leaders of the French Revolution.
1932 B. F. Trueblood i. 21
The Friends as a body continued their peace protest.
15 Feb. 46
He joins peace protests and marches so frequently he's had to buy a new pair of trainers.
1965 16 Sept. 13/6
Peace protester jailed.
26 Feb. 6
A peace protester..was yesterday convicted..of aggravated trespass during anti Gulf war demos.
1919 31 Oct. 9/4
Princess Mary..will be present at the Peace Rally of the Girl Guides at the Albert Hall next Tuesday.
1951 ‘A. Garve’ iii. 43
I attended a great ‘peace’ rally at the Bolshoi Theatre.
1995 C. Bateman xxii. 192
‘Traffic's startin' to jam up’. ‘More bomb scares?’ ‘Nah, sure today's Brinn's big peace rally. They're sealin' off round the City Hall’.
1859 A. J. H. Duganne 4
Before noticing the basis of Peace Settlement made by the Congress of Vienna, I shall glance at the position of various nations affected by the treaties of 1815.
1862 A. D. Mann Let. 13 June in
(U.S. Naval War Rec. Office)
2nd Ser. III. 442
He most assuredly never entertained the notion of any peace settlement.
1991 Aug. 15/3
During this year's attempts by the US to broker a peace settlement in the region, many remembered that back in the 1950s, the US government attempted to organise a number of deals between Israel and its Arab neighbours.
1816 N. Worcester I. vii. 30
First annual Report of the Massachusetts Peace Society.
1887 H. R. Haggard viii. 103
I thought of what the amiable Head of my College at Cambridge (who is a member of the Peace Society) and my brother Fellows would say if by clairvoyance they could see me, of all men, playing such a bloody game.
Frederic Passy (France), founder of the first French peace society.
1816 4 Mar. 2/5
In no shape..will we tolerate as a peace tax that which, in the minister's own words, ‘is strictly a war tax’.
1858 J. B. Norton 236
They have seen an income-tax take the successive forms of a peace-tax, a war-tax, and then a peace-tax again.
He had also advocated a controversial Peace Tax favored by the ultra-left in American politics.
1858 24 May 9/2
A special despatch..states that that the Mormon Peace Commissioners have no authority to make peace terms with Brigham Young.
1992 P. G. Allen
The conflict between..traditional Indians and those Indians who ‘came in’, that is, accepted the whites' peace terms and left their traditional life.
1850 7 Sept. 573/3
No peace-treaty between France and England ever went so far to unite them as the voyage of the Goliah did last month.
1929 W. S. Churchill IV. viii. 158
An article of the Peace Treaty obliged the Germans to stigmatize all their greatest men and potentates as War Criminals.
1992 18 Jan. 65/1
The two countries, which have observed a de facto peace since the 1967 war, agreed that their aim was a peace treaty and full diplomatic relations.
c1650 II. 435/2
His ship called the Portpays or Peace Bearer.
1837 B. D. Walsh tr. Aristophanes Acharnians i. v, in 28
Nor had this peace-bearer then Skipped away.
1978 45 579
But Lucan the Butler's hopeful and touching reception of the third peace-bearer..and Arthur's response to her message—..are both dashed by Gawain's intractable ‘Sertis, nay’.
† peace-breach n. Obsolete
1610 P. Holland tr. W. Camden i. 350
For Robbery, peace-breach and Foristell.
1894 O. Elton in tr. Saxo Grammaticus
I. Introd. 34
Where Dane robbed Dane, the thief to pay double and peace-breach.
1625 K. Long tr. J. Barclay i. xx. 62
This day was not to be honoured as a peace-bringer.
1888 E. Emerton xiv. 217
The people cried out with one voice, ‘Long life and victory to Charles Augustus, the mighty Emperor, the Peace-bringer, crowned by God!’
1992 18 703
They saw themselves..as peace-bringers, and thus as profoundly moral beings.
† peace-concluder n. Obsolete
1643 J. Angier 5
Had not God..moved them to be the Peace-keepers, which were not the peace-concluders.
† peace-looker n. Obsolete
1878 R. L. Stevenson 131
A mother is left desolate, and the peace-maker and peace-looker, of a whole society is laid in the ground.
1609 S. Daniel
i. lxxiv. 20
Peace-louer wealth, hating a troublous State.
1876 Ld. Tennyson i. ii. 28
Peace-lover is our Harold.
5 June 14
This should not be taken to mean that nationalists are the peace-lovers and unionists the warmongers.
1811 R. Southey in 6 275
The husbanding politicians and peace-praters.
1865 May 235/1
The peace-prater's cry is ‘the Union as it was.’
2000 Islam & Christianity Really Same Religion? Pt. 2 in alt.religion.islam
Even most of the peace-praters will still jump up and join a slaughter as long as they are assured the sponsorship of their church or state.
1715 R. Wodrow
If peace-makers be blessed, peace-preservers will not want their own share.
1874 A. H. Chappell 60
He had been occupying officially between Georgia and the Indians what may almost be called a heavenly, mediatorial relation, faithfully devoting himself as peace-maker, peace-preserver, and peace-restorer.
20 May 39
His [sc. Paul's] instructions were accompanied by two buoyant peace-preservers: joy and gratitude.
1671 J. Baltharpe 16
We scorne with them to be Peace seekers.
1850 23 Nov. 378/1
The Stadtholderate stated that they could not make ‘any sort of proposition’; and they gave the three peace-seekers ‘no mission’.
1926 1 198/1
The Brownists of Shakespeare's time were the immediate forerunners of the Quakers, peace-seekers like them, and treated to much the same opprobrium.
7 Jan. 4
He claimed the Palestinians are peace-seekers and do not want violence.
a1699 J. Beaumont
vi. clxvi. 79
A goodly Army of peace-breathing Graces Were rang'd by these in Love's serene array.
1826 A. A. Watts vii
Pensive and peace-breathing beauty.
1677 R. Gilpin iii. xxv. 210
The comfortable and peace-bringing Promises of the Gospel.
1992 No. 56. 102/2
Christensen focuses on the especial importance of the peace-bringing tree of life.
1807 J. Barlow x. 359
Enlighten'd interest, moral sense at length Combine their aids to elevate her strength, Lead o'er the world her peace-commanding sway.
1909 W. James iii. 128
It [sc. the absolute] might, with all its defects, be, on account of its peace-conferring power and its formal grandeur, more rational than anything else in the field.
a1822 P. B. Shelley Death in T. J. Hogg
The grave, Where Innocence sleeps 'neath the peace-giving sod.
1879 E. Arnold v. 129
Who is this that brings the sacrifice So graceful and peace-giving as he goes?
19 Dec. 21
I had an example of the peace-giving nature of love in my own family.
a1778 A. Steele
Kind hope, the mourner's faithful friend, Thy peace-inspiring lore O let my drooping heart attend.
1828 B. Disraeli x. 119
The calm and peace-inspiring crosier.
31 May d3
‘No speeches, no talks,’ says Prakhara Carter..‘just peace-inspiring music.’
1604 W. Herbert l. 993
My pen applaudes that sentence iust of thine, Romes holy Prince, peace louing Antonine.
1793 K. O'Keefe i. i. 1
What was a poor honest peace-loving husband to do?
1998 W. Shatner et al. vi. 66
Even the peace-loving Cardassian people can learn from human perfidy.
1853 16 July 5/5
One of the most democratic, economical, and peace-preaching communities of the united kingdom.
1994 Aug. 22/1
Three years ago, AD were a novelty, a Southern, rural, peace-preaching rap outfit in a marketplace dominated by rip-roaring gangsta poses.
1643 W. Prynne i. Pref. sig. Aijb
State-securing, Peace-procuring verities.
a1729 E. Taylor
The gist of Healing did inrich him and He also had a Peace procuring hand.
1977 4 90
A romantic, idealistic spirit espousing a naive faith in the peace procuring powers of friendly competition among the youth of the world.
1846 Oct. 440
Every great discovery has a life-saving and peace-promoting influence.
2001 7 Dec. c2
[He] has distinguished himself more out of office than within with various peace-promoting and humanitarian projects.
1780 W. Cowper 79
To touch the sword with conscientious awe,..To sheathe it, in the peace-restoring close, With joy.
1849 C. Brontë II. vi. 150
His phlegm..made his vicinage pleasant, it was so peace-restoring.
15 Aug. 11
Nick Warner..has moved to oversee Australia's peace-restoring mission in the Solomon Islands.
Locative, instrumental, etc.
1858 M. C. Cabell 17
[He] was dismissed from his peace-abiding congregation because a strong sense of duty to his suffering and struggling country impelled him to hear arms in her defence.
1916 W. B. Munro vii. 291
No such occasions may present themselves to an officer who patrols a peace-abiding suburb.
27 Oct. a13
This is a distinct issue..from the reluctance of peace-abiding refugee claimants without status to leave.
† peace-blessed adj. Obsolete
c1620 in E. Farr
Your wisdome, bountie, and peace-bless'd raygne.
1714 A. Hill 4
Accept, what Heav'n, propitious for Your Sake, Smiles on this Peace-bless'd Land, and bids her take.
1939 R. Campbell i. 15
And loosing these in turn to drink and graze The peace-calm waters and the flowery ways.
1928 S. Sassoon
Paid, with a pile of peace-complacent stone.
† peace-enamoured adj. Obsolete
1800 T. Campbell ii. 11
Triumph not, ye peace-enamour'd few!
1877 P. J. Bailey
Thus, peace-inspired, we war.
5 May 12
Next month's Ministry of Tourism-sponsored fashion show in Caesarea, in which big-name designers..will present peace-inspired creations.
1871 B. Taylor tr. J. W. von Goethe II. i. v. 83
1985 79 265/2
This crisis results from the strain on peace-lulled materialistic societies because of escalating military materiel and personnel costs..and the welfare state.
1877 P. J. Bailey
The Spirit's celestial ship, Manned by their holy and apostolic crew Peace minded, who with love all worlds, all souls, subdue.
1933 28 Oct. 8/4
The way to peace..is only to be attained by educating children to be peace-minded rather than war-minded.
1995 5 Dec. i. 9/7
Mr Weisel will invite peace-minded cybernauts to type in questions to Mr Mandela in Pretoria, Mr Peres in Jerusalem and Mr Carter in Atlanta.
peace belt n. North American (now historical) a belt of wampum used by North American Indians as a sign of peace.
Peace was solemnly ratified by a large peace belt.
1897 26 237
Chief Mandorong could only tell me that it was a peace-belt, representing an important treaty or alliance of ancient times.
1926 C. Mair XIV. 207
The colour of the..peace belt [was white].
1989 A. S. Goodstein ii. 26
In 1792 he served as Governor Blount's emissary to the friendly Chickasaw and to the more hostile Choctaw, who tore up the peace belt he offered.
peace bond n. North American a bond required by a court from an individual deemed to pose a threat to the safety or property of others, intended to deter that person from disturbing the peace; cf. .
1859 App. 561/4
Cause..Threatened assault..Judgment..Gave Peace Bond.
1930 22 Jan. 2/6
Ten men..were placed under peace bonds today to preserve order in the ‘Bloody’ Twin Creek District.
2001 S. Paretsky
I did tell Radbuka he would have to leave, that Max was swearing out a peace bond, which meant he could be arrested for hanging around the premises.
peacebuilder n. a person or organization which advocates, encourages, or brings about peace; (in later use) spec. one which seeks to implement measures intended to create or sustain peace in a region affected by war or other conflict, typically through support for economic, political, and social development.In quot. showing universal peace in attributive use modifying builders rather than this compound.
[1914 F. Moscheles Let. in Jan. 93/2
We cordially welcome the new Universal Peace Builders—may there be many of them!]
1916 13 July 8/1
Peace..is stamping ahead in Europe... The peace builders are the King of Spain, President Wilson, the Pope, and Henry Ford is in the midst of all these.
1946 (U.S. Dept. of State Publ. 2490, Conf. Ser. 83) 338
It is for us to prevent this monstrous possibility [sc. a third world war]... We the peacemakers, we the peacebuilders, dare not disappoint the hopes and prayers of a whole suffering world, centred on us here.
1995 16 Dec. 50/1
Troops..will provide the military muscle to oversee the peace [in Bosnia]. Since the soldiers are likely to be around in strength for only about a year..the peace-builders have to deploy quickly too.
2013 C. Zürcher et al. ii. 20
Peacebuilders seek to build fully developed, democratic, and economically viable states on the ruins of war.
peacebuilding n. the action of advocating, encouraging, or bringing about peace; (in later use) spec. the implementation of measures intended to create or sustain peace in a region affected by war or other conflict, typically through support for economic, political, and social development.
1909 Aug.–Sept. 182/2
‘Competitive shipbuilding’, not competitive peace building, is the prime cause for the enormous war-tax burdens placed upon the people.
1964 17 Nov. 2/3
The U.N. work of peace-building through activities that promote economic and social progress, is no less important and pressing than diplomatic, political, and constabulary activities.
1998 C. Kemar i. 30
Peacebuilding, whether pre-conflict or postconflict, might not look very different from economic or political development.
To be successful, peacebuilding has to be a long-term commitment. Peacebuilding is about creating sustainable social, developmental and governmental structures.
peace corps n.
(a) a body of troops, etc., engaged in maintaining peace (now rare);
(b) (usually with capital initials), a U.S. governmental organization (created by the Peace Corps Act of 1961) which sends people to work as volunteers in developing countries; also in extended use.
1868 M. H. Smith 559
The citizens knew that the troops would do their duty, and that silent park of artillery was an efficient peace corps.
1904 24 Sept. 4/3
The ancient ‘Peace Corps’ which was established by the Chinese and which protected the inhabitants against the raids of armed banditti.
1960 H. Humphrey in 15 June 12634/3
Mr. President, I introduce..a bill to establish a Peace Corps of American young men to assist the peoples of the under~developed areas of the world to learn the basic skills necessary to combat poverty, disease, illiteracy and hunger.
1967 2 Sept. 785/2
Japan's version of the peace corps is getting into its stride.
25 Nov. a11
A committee of emergency care physicians announced it will form a ‘peace corps’ to rebuild the houses of the Turkish-Germans left homeless in Moelln.
†(a) an officer who commands silence (obsolete);
(b) a person who advocates the making of peace.
Silenciarius, a pes cryare.
1840 27 Nov. 3/4
If war had broken out, and the peace-criers and all began to shake, what a plight would England have been in!
1940 W. Frank i. 20
Our peace-criers do protest too much!
peace day n.
(a) a day on which peace is achieved (following a war, etc.);
(b) (usually with capital initials) a day on which a particular peace treaty or armistice is commemorated, or on which efforts to secure world peace are celebrated.
1859 25 Oct. 10/3
The thousand and one speeches of which the great monarch [sc. Napoleon III] has delivered himself on the same subject since the fatal peace-day of Villafranca.
1902 3 June 11/1
A fall in Kaffirs is the fact which fell to be recorded in the closing hours of Peace-Day.
1946 R. Capell iii. 210
It is peace come before peace-day, reconstruction begun before the armistice.
3 Sept. ME/6209/C/1
In a written statement issued on the occasion of 1st September, Peace Day, Ozgur expressed his full support for the struggle being waged in Cyprus and in the world for peace.
peace dividend n. originally and chiefly U.S. a financial benefit from reduced defence spending; a sum of public money which may become available for other purposes when spending on defence is reduced.
1968 June 86/1
In Washington the magic phrase is ‘the Peace Dividend’... The fact is that peace dividends will neither materialize so quickly nor amount to so much as many people think.
1975 15 Oct. 31
Remember the Vietnam ‘peace dividend’? There was no dividend. Even before the war ended, new government spending gobbled it up.
1995 14 Jan. 46/1
When the Soviet Union began to collapse in 1990, many people predicted a huge and long-awaited ‘peace dividend’.
peace economy n. an economy characteristic of peacetime, in which defence expenditure is relatively low and only a small part of the labour force is engaged in arms production, etc.
1905 A. V. Dicey xii. 407
One example of this change in political opinion is to be found in the altered attitude of the public towards peace economy.
1910 W. James
The military party..says..that mankind cannot afford to adopt a peace-economy.
5 Aug. 15
The project focuses on converting the war economy to a peace economy.
peace establishment n. the armed forces and military supplies maintained by a country in peacetime.
1766 in Rep. MSS Mrs. Stopford-Sackville 111 in (Cd. 1892) XLVII. i
I see no end of the load imposed upon us, as our peace establishment is so far beyond the ordinary supplies.
1803 2 6
A peace-establishment of 500,000 men.
1963 C. J. Bartlett i. 14
Lord Liverpool pointed out to the Speaker of the House of Commons..that he expected the peace establishment of the armed forces in the future to cost some fifteen millions annually.
peace game n.
an exercise in the maintenance of international peace.
1922 30 May 16/4
He had tried to explain..how..Germany was merely using America as a pawn in her premature peace game.
1968 2 Dec. 9/8
I..believe..that..practical pacifism [is] a reasonable goal. I am currently engaged in talking to computers about this in an elaborate peace game.
26 Oct. 1
Palestinian and Israeli politicians had been secretly conducting peace games.
1968 23 Nov. 72/2
More attention should be paid to using these techniques for what he calls ‘peace gaming’.
The wild card in all this peace-gaming is the Arab-Israeli question.
peace garden n. originally U.S. a public garden created to commemorate the end of a war or to promote the ideal of peace (cf. ).
1918 11 Nov. 18/1
He is working out plans now for one of the biggest peace gardens that will be planted in Ohio this coming spring.
1997 M. Millar in S. Champion 82
A Brixton studio where the recording equipment was nicely complimented by a peace garden, and statues of Buddha.
peace-guild n. European History a guild established for the maintenance of peace; = .
i. iv. 76
In London were several frith-gilds (peace-gilds) of different ranks; and in the time of Athelstane we find them forming an association for the purpose of mutual indemnity against robbery.
1913 VI. 215/1
The frith gild, or peace gild, so called, refers to an occasional feature of town life in Northern Europe from the 6th century.
1996 71 348
The aims of neighboring Celtic kings with respect to their manipulation of ‘peace-guilds’ and ‘the rights of lordship’.
peace lily n. a tropical plant of the genus Spathiphyllum (family Araceae), several varieties of which are cultivated for their white spathes; also called peace plant.
1957 21 Oct. 13/5
The ‘Peace Lily’.., with its dark green glossy leaves and white flowers shaped like miniature arum lilies, is an unusual plant.
1977 9 Jan. 119/3
Spathiphyllum is also known as ‘peace lily’. In only moderate light a mature spathiphyllum will send up a pure white inflorescence shaped like a cupped palm, giving the impression of the white flag of truce.
2001 3 Nov. (Weekend Suppl.) 102/2
A plant that doesn't mind shade, such as a peace lily (Spathiphyllum), a painted drop-tongue..or an aspidistra.
peace line n. a line of demarcation drawn to avert conflict.
1957 1 64
In June 1952 Korean Foreign Minister Pyun referred to the ‘Peace Line’. Thereafter, Koreans spoke of the Peace Line, while Japanese preferred the ‘Rhee Line’.
1969 10 Sept. 1/1
Army ‘peace line’ to replace barricades across Belfast.
2001 9 Sept. i. 3/4
A giant metal fence, one of the many so-called ‘peace lines’ in Belfast, keeps the two communities apart.
peace offensive n. an active movement or campaign directed towards the achievement of peace.
1917 30 Jan. 7/1
The unkind references to President Wilson in the above message..seem to indicate that the next great peace offensive may be made through Madrid.
China..publicly supported the various manifestations of the Soviet ‘peace offensive’.
1992 A. W. Eckert vi. 406
The upshot was that the British were not talking up a peace offensive rather than aiding their red allies in a war.
peace park n. originally U.S. a public park created to commemorate the end of a war or to promote the ideal of peace (cf. earlier ).
1924 13 Sept. 8/2
Proposals have been made..to establish an ‘international peace park’ on the border of Turkey and Armenia.
2002 Summer 55/2
Some encompass ‘peace parks’ that were created when the region's civil wars and revolutions ended a decade ago.
† peace-parted adj. poetic Obsolete (of a soul) that has departed in peace.
1604 W. Shakespeare v. i. 233
To sing a Requiem and such rest..As to peace-parted soules.
1867 Nov. 172
Even the nameless, unmarked grave receives Some pledge from mortal love Unto peace-parted soul, we trust, with God above.
Peace People n. (with plural agreement) a peace movement established in Northern Ireland in 1976 to campaign for a peaceful resolution of the conflict there.
1976 23 Aug. 2/4
A simple ‘Declaration of the Peace People’ was recited by the crowd, calling for [etc.].
1977 22 Aug. 6/2
A year ago last week, Catholics Betty Williams and Mairead Corrigan founded the so-called Peace People's Movement, which has attracted mass support from both Catholics and Protestants.
1996 C. Bateman xxi. 162
Worthy thoughts they are too, Bobby. We'll get you into the Peace People at this rate.
peace pipe n. a tobacco pipe traditionally smoked as a token of peace amongst North American Indians (cf. and ); also figurative.
1779 G. R. Clark
I told them I would defer smokeing the Peace Pipe until I heard that they had called in all their Warriors.
1876 G. Bancroft
II. xxxiii. 330
Four old men advance..bearing the peace-pipe, brilliant with many colored plumes.
1918 W. B. Munro ix. 168
There were the usual pledges of friendship; the peace-pipe went its round, and the song of the calumet was sung.
1998 20 Apr. 10/2
Rudy Giuliani has no taste for the peace pipe. Last week's dinner invitation from David Dinkins isn't the only overture the mayor has nixed recently.
peace plant n.
†(a) the olive (obsolete);
1606 J. Sylvester tr. G. de S. Du Bartas
ii. iii. 99
The Peace-Plant Olive.
13 Feb. 51
Q—I have a broadleaf plant that occasionally has a big white flower that my florist said is a ‘Peace’ plant. None of my friends ever heard of a ‘Peace’ plant. Is there indeed such a plant? A—Your plant is Spathiphyllum, whose flowers resemble the calla lily.
29 June 3 c
You may want to try a peace plant between 30 and 36 inches high. A plant taller than the couch..would disrupt your view.
peace pledge n.
†(a) English History = (obsolete);
(b) an undertaking to abstain from fighting or to promote peace.
1857 J. Toulmin Smith
All were annually thus personally bound in ‘peacepledge’.
1932 13 June 12/2
New peace pledge.
1935 H. R. L. Sheppard p. x
To give Pacifist opinion a chance to crystallize, I launched my Peace Pledge.
1976 12 Nov. 2
Jack Jones yesterday declared: ‘There will be no dock strike.’ The Transport Union leader's peace pledge came amid dockland fury at [etc.].
peace prize n. an award presented in recognition of a contribution to the promotion of peace (chiefly with reference to the Nobel Prize).
1901 2 Nov. 8/5
He [sc. Dr. Bernhardt Getz] was president of the Nobel Peace Prize Committee.
1902 Nov. 244/2
The commission appointed to decide the peace prize.
1974 IV. 875/2
[Dag Hammarskjöld] was posthumously awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1961.
1998 30 Nov. i. 13/8
Mohammed Yunus, founder of the Grameen Bank in Bangladesh, last week named winner of the Sydney Peace Prize.
peace process n. a series of initiatives, talks, etc., designed to bring about a negotiated settlement between warring or disputing parties.
1965 A. N. Holcombe in 19 5
The institutional framework of the peace process, regarded as a way of dealing with international disputes.
1983 12 Feb. 1/1
A lull in the peace process is expected over the weekend after the Acas conciliation team was stood down.
A meeting which could define the future of the entire Northern Ireland peace process.
peace sign n. a sign or gesture betokening peace; (in later use frequently) spec. a gesture made by holding up the hand with palm out-turned and the first two fingers extended in a V shape (= ).
1868 Feb. 302/2
One of Custer's scouts..rode out and made first ‘peace’, then ‘circle’ sign. The peace sign is made by riding toward the party with whom it is desired to communicate, making the horse take a zig-zag course.
1913 G. Stratton-Porter xii. 346
As they passed, every man of them made the peace sign and piled in a heap, venison, fish, and game.
1968 21 Jan. 18/1
Belson was in the doorway, a thumbs-up gesture for the music and a peace sign to all.
2001 D. Mitchell 220
His dreadlocks were ginger, his sunglasses wraparound and his halo wonky... Seeing Mrs Comb, he made the peace sign. ‘Good day, ma'am.’
peace studies n.
(frequently with singular agreement)
the academic study of the causes of conflict and other matters relating to the establishment or maintenance of peace.
1903 Apr. 66/2
The International Institute of Peace Studies was opened at Monaco..in the presence of the principal members of the Monaco Academy.
1938 8 Apr. 2/3
Mrs. Roosevelt favors college courses on the causes of war, but does not favor ‘compulsory peace studies’.
1952 vi. 287
Miss Muir came to Manchester College in 1948 to head the department of Peace Studies, where she has awakened an interest in the problem of peace, and inspired a desire for service in many young minds.
31 Jan. b8
Peace studies has..offered innovative approaches to the problems of monitoring and verifying compliance with arms control agreements.
peace symbol n. a symbol regarded as emblematic of peace; esp. the symbol (consisting of a circle bisected by a vertical diameter with an inverted V in the lower half) adopted by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and other movements.
1947 4 Jan. 3/4
A triangular banner bearing the swastika, which, according to Hindu belief, is a peace symbol.
1968 R. J. Lifton vii. 270
It was perhaps predictable that Hiroshima, after experiencing the world's first atomic bomb, would call upon the peace symbol as its rallying point for commemoration and rehabilitation.
1990 K. Vonnegut xx. 156
He was slight, and had long hair, and wore a peace symbol around his neck.
peace talk n. (a) conversation or discussion about peace or the ending of hostilities; an instance of this; (in plural) discussions or negotiations aimed at achieving peace in particular circumstances.
1789 J. Steele Let. 8 June in
I only mean to hold a peace talk.
1852 J. Reynolds 165
All the ‘peace talks’ ever presented to the red men, could not have kept them in peace, under these circumstances.
1918 W. Owen 10 Oct.
Tonight I must stand before them [sc. my company] & promulgate this General Order: ‘Peace talk in any form is to cease in Fourth Army. All ranks are warned against the disturbing influence of dangerous peace talk.’
1994 18 Feb. 18/1
Zapatista guerrillas on Wednesday freed a former governor.., a move that could hasten peace talks.
peace talker n. a person who negotiates or advocates peace; a person who takes part in peace talks.
1892 22 Jan. 15/2
The missionaries employed ‘peace-talkers’, who, for a consideration, tried to mollify the beggars and get them to abstain from molesting the mission.
1968 15 May 693/1
This is no surprise to the Korean peace talkers.
Only the PLO, said Mr Arafat this week, had the right to choose the Palestinians' peace talkers.
peace-talking adj. and n.
(a) adj. that talks of peace;
(b) n. conversation about peace.
1849 J. A. Roebuck 9 May
He is under the control of Bright, who..chooses to be really warlike in favour of peace. Cobden is overborne by the pugnacious peace-talking Friend.
1917 D. H. Lawrence 126
Everything was tainted with myself..nations, armies, war, peace-talking.
30 June b4/1
Tutu, the jovial, peace-talking Anglican archbishop who preceded political leader Mandela's visit by almost two months.
17 Sept. 19
America should try more peace talking and get Iraq to show them where they have weapons.
peace-trained adj. (of a soldier, etc.) trained during peacetime.
a1640 P. Massinger
iii. iii. 136
You keepe in pay..some peace traynd troopes.
1894 Dec. 731
There should be this reasonable number of peace-trained gunners.
1955 C. M. Green et al. ix. 252
The peace-trained, battle-hardened core of the Wehrmacht languished in Allied prisoner-of-war enclosures.
peace walk n.
(a) a walk in support of peace;
(b) rare (now historical) a slow dance introduced soon after the end of the First World War (1914–18).
1915 8 July 6/5
Kansas City Women in Peace Walk.
1919 16 May 9/1
The Peace Walk, which is danced to a slow waltz time.
1920 A. M. Cree 28
All other innovations of this season—the Spanish One-Step, Peace Walk, Tangle, etc., etc., are already dead.
1964 24 Feb. 6/1
[He] was gaoled with other members of a Quebec-to-Cuba peace walk.
7 June (Metro) 2
Cook County Circuit Judge David Delgado braved a rainy Saturday to address his neighbors at the third annual Logan Square Peace Walk.
peace warrant n. a warrant for arrest issued by a justice of the peace.
1772 30 June 3/1
His Excellency the governor..severly reprimanded the tyrant Montague, sent the man ashore, and desired he would take out a peace warrant against him.
1852 W. Cranch 1 39
On an affidavit stating that Joseph Bowling, a constable, had dismissed a peace warrant, and had received for his services $1.62, the court suspended him from office.
1943 F. Marvin & M. Lowenthal xvi. 220
Alderman Wylley made the mistake of charging too much for a peace warrant and was fined £50 by the court of which he was a member.
20 Sept. 16
Police have..gone after a peace warrant, hoping the courts will put some restrictions on his movements and whereabouts.
peace work n.
[in quot. , punningly after ]
(a) efforts to promote, preserve, or restore peace;
(b) the duties of an armed force during peacetime; (also) the usual peacetime labour of a workforce (opposed to war work).
1861 4 May 183
Well, Pam, of course I shall keep you on—but you must stick to peace work!
1901 4 Oct. 10/6
There are born fighters and commanders who are intensely bored by peace work.
1910 T. Roosevelt in 4 702
The supreme difficulty in connection with developing the peace work of The Hague arises from the lack of any executive power.
1945 H. G. Hayes 91
The period that will begin some three, four, or five years after reconversion to peace work has been accomplished.
1994 May 4/2
Ten years ago peace work consisted mainly of trying to prevent the acquisition or deployment of new weapon systems.
peace worker n.
(a) a member of a workforce during peacetime (rare);
(b) a person who works towards the promotion, preservation, or restoration of peace; spec. a pacifist campaigner or a member of a peacekeeping organization.
1886 1 352
The ranks of peace workers will have been depleted by enlistments in the army.
1899 Aug. 666/1
A considerable number of the leading peace workers from different countries were present.
1941 P. Sargent 516
Representative Jeannette Rankin, veteran peace worker.
23 July 14
A shipment of drugs arrives for a hospital and it becomes a subject for barter between the military and the UN peace workers who have brought it.
peace-wright n. rare a person who arranges a peace.
1718 N. Amhurst Convocation in iv. 55
Here modern Peace-Wrights swell his fustian Strains.
1855 J. L. Motley III. vi. iii. 455
The peace-wrights of Cologne.
1605 J. Sylvester tr. Ode on Astræa in tr. G. de S. Du Bartas 613
O thou my Peace-like warre, and war-like Peace, So much the wounds that thou hast giuen me, please; That 'tis my best ease, neuer to haue ease.
1835 Mar. 388/1
We have the alternative of ‘a war-like peace, or a peace-like war’, and he wisely prefers the former.
1994 81 265/2
The view that women are more ‘naturally’ peace-like and inherently maternal.
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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, September 2005).
In this entry:
- at a person's peace
- at peace
- be sworn of the peace, to
- bind (also †hold) to the peace, to
- break the peace, to
- God's peace
- have one's peace, to
- hold (also †have, keep) one's peace, to
- if you want peace, prepare for war
- in peace
- keep peace, to
- keep the peace, to
- king's (also queen's) peace, the
- king's peace, the
- make (another person's) peace, to
- make one's peace, to
- make peace, to
- make peace, to
- no peace for the wicked
- officer of the peace
- peace accord
- peace activist
- peace advocate
- peace agreement
- peace aim
- peace and quiet
- peace and quietness
- peace area
- peace army
- peace at any price
- peace belt
- peace be upon him
- peace be with you
- peace bloc
- peace bond
- peace campaigner
- peace conference
- peace congress
- peace convention
- peace corps
- peace crank
- peace cry
- peace day
- peace demonstration
- peace dividend
- peace economy
- peace establishment
- peace feeler
- peace fighter
- peace formula
- peace front
- peace game
- peace garden
- peace haven
- peace hero
- peace initiative
- peace lily
- peace line
- peace mediator
- peace meeting
- peace mission
- peace move
- peace movement
- peace negotiation
- peace offensive
- peace offer
- peace of mind
- Peace of the Church, the
- peace overture
- peace paean
- peace park
- peace party
- Peace People
- peace petition
- peace pipe
- peace plan
- peace plant
- peace pledge
- peace principle
- peace prize
- peace process
- peace propaganda
- peace protest
- peace protester
- peace rally
- Peace rose
- peace settlement
- peace sign
- peace society
- peace studies
- peace symbol
- peace talk
- peace talker
- peace tax
- peace terms
- peace treaty
- peace walk
- peace warrant
- peace with honour
- peace work
- peace worker
- precept of the peace
- queen's peace, the
- swear (also †pray) the peace against (a person), to
- swear the peace, to
- with a person's peace
- with the peace of a person
In other dictionaries:
- My entries(1)
- Pd, n.1833
- pea, n.1eOE
- pea, n.21666
- pea, n.31671
- pea, n.4c1860
- pea, int.1608
- peaberry, n.1860
- pea-bird, n.1838
- Peabody, n.1856
- peace, n.?a1160
- peace, adj.c1400
- peace, v.c1395
- peace, int.c1390
- peaceability, n.c1384
- peaceable, adj., n.,...1340
- peaceable kingdom, n.1611
- peaceableness, n.a1382
- peaceably, adv.a1382
- peace-breaker, n.?1533
- peace camp, n.1889
- peaceful, adj. and n.a1400
- peacefully, adv.a1400
- peacefulness, n.a1566
- peacekeeper, n.1579
- peacekeeping, n.1664
- peacekeeping, adj.1827
- peaceless, adj.1522
- peacemaker, n.?a1425
- peacemaking, n.a1450
- peacemaking, adj.1556
- peace man, n.1473–4
- peace march, n.1800
- peace marcher, n.1950
- peacemonger, n.1808
- peacemongering, n.1853
- peacemongering, adj.1808
- peacenik, n.1962
- peace offering, n.1530
- peace officer, n.1649
- peacetime, n. and adj.c1534