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home, n.1 and adj.

Keywords:
Quotations:
Pronunciation: 
Brit. /həʊm/
U.S. /hoʊm/
Forms: 

α. eOE haam, OE–ME (early or northern) ham, ME am, ME heem (northern), ME hem (northern), ME–16 hame (chiefly northern), 15 heme (northern); Eng. regional (northern) 16 18– heam, 17–18 heame, 18 haam, 18– hame, 18– heaum, 18– heeam, 18– heyem, 18– hiam, 18– hyem, 18– yam, 18– yem; also Sc. pre-17 haime, pre-17 ham, pre-17 haym, pre-17 hayme, pre-17 heim, pre-17 heime, pre-17 17– hame, pre-17 18 haim, pre-17 (18– Shetland) haem, pre-17 (19– Shetland) hem, 17 haam, 18– heame, 18– heem (Orkney and Shetland), 19– hehym (southern), 19– heyime (southern), 19– him (Shetland), 19– hyim (southern), 19– hyimm (southern); Irish English (northern) 19– hame; Irish English (Wexford) 18 hime, 18 hyme.

β. eME heom (perhaps transmission error), ME hoom, ME howm, ME hume, ME om, ME (17– regional) hum, ME–16 hoome, ME–16 (17 Eng. regional (Lancashire)) whom, ME–16 (17– Eng. regional (west midlands and south-western)) whome, ME–16 (18– Eng. regional (south-western)) hom, ME– home, 15 howme, 15 wom, 15 (18– Eng. regional (northern)) hoam, 15 (18– Eng. regional (northern)) hoame, 16 whoame; Eng. regional 17– hwome (south-western), 17– whum (west midlands and south-western), 18 hoom (Essex), 18– hooam (northern and Isle of Wight), 18– hwom (Cheshire), 18– hwum (south-western), 18– whoam (south-western); U.S. regional 19– hume (in African-American usage).

(Show Less)
Frequency (in current use): 
Origin: A word inherited from Germanic.
Etymology: Cognate with Old Frisian hēm   a person's house or abode, homestead, dwelling (West Frisian hiem   yard, farmyard), Old Dutch heim   homestead, dwelling (in place names and compounds; Middle Dutch heem  , heim  , Dutch (now rare) heem   homestead, dwelling, a person's house or abode, the place where a person lives or was raised), Old Saxon hēm   house (Middle Low German hēm   a person's house or abode, the place where a person lives or was raised, native country, homeland), Middle High German heim   abode, residence, homestead, dwelling (German Heim  ; the sense ‘native country, homeland’ is expressed by Heimat   (see Urheimat n.)), early Scandinavian (runic: Sweden) aimi   (dative singular), em   (accusative singular), (runic: Denmark) him-   (in compounds) homestead, abode, world, Old Icelandic heimr   dwelling, abode (chiefly in compounds denoting mythological parts of the universe, e.g. Jǫtunheimr  , lit. ‘abode of giants’, Niflheimr  , lit. ‘abode of mist’), (in compounds) village, (more usually) earth, world, universe (with the semantic development, compare Russian mir  , which is attested from an early date in the senses ‘community, commune’ and ‘world’: see mir n.2, Mir n.4), Old Swedish hēm  , heem   a person's house or abode (Swedish hem  ), Old Danish hiem  , hēm   a person's house or abode (Danish hjem  ), also (with different suffixes and different (feminine) gender) Old High German heima   abode, residence, homestead, dwelling, native country, homeland, Gothic haims   village; further etymology uncertain and disputed: perhaps < the same Indo-European base as Early Irish cóim  , Welsh cu   beloved, dear, Lithuanian šeima   family, kin, Latvian saime   occupants of a homestead collectively, Russian Church Slavonic sěm′   person, Old Russian sěm′ja   family (Russian sem′ja  ), (with added suffix) Old Prussian seimīns  , Lithuanian šeimyna   occupants of a homestead collectively, all formations with -m  -suffix < the same Indo-European base as ancient Greek κεῖσθαι   to lie, classical Latin cīvis   citizen (see civic adj.), and the first element of the Germanic compounds cited at hird n.   (ancient Greek κώμη   village (see Comarch n.) is probably unrelated, although it has sometimes been regarded as showing a cognate with different ablaut grade); perhaps further related to Old Prussian caymis village, Lithuanian kiemas farmyard, farm, homestead, village, kaimas village, rural (as opposed to urban) area, Latvian ciems occupants of a homestead collectively, homestead, village, although the nature of the relationship is uncertain.
 
In Old English a strong masculine; the inflection of the word frequently shows an endingless dative singular hām   (in e.g. æt hām  : see at home at Phrases 1a) as reflex of an original locative form, beside the regular dative form hāme  .
 
The β. forms   show the regular southern development of the reflex of Old English ā   (see O n.1).
 
Forms with initial y-   show development of a palatal on-glide (see discussion at earth n.1). Forms with initial w-  , wh-  , or hw-   show development of a velar on-glide (see discussion at oat n.). See J. Wright Eng. Dial. Gram. (1905) §123.
 
The Middle English form heem, attested once in MS Hengwrt of Chaucer's Reeve's Tale 4032, probably shows a loan < early Scandinavian (specifically from East Norse; compare the Danish and Swedish cognates), rather than an unexplained phonological development within English. See S. C. P. Horobin in Notes & Queries 245 (2000) 16–18.
 
The word is a common place-name element. As a second element in settlement names, it is apparently chiefly attested in names of the early period and sometimes seems to be associated with the very earliest period of settlement; it now usually appears in the form -ham   (which shows shortening of original Old English long ā   in unstressed position as the second element of compounds) and is probably often to be interpreted in sense A. 1   (compare ham n.3), as e.g. in Dæccanhaam  , Essex (a693; now Dagenham). In early use, it is sometimes combined with another early place-name element, -inga-  , genitive plural of -ing suffix3, e.g. in Godmunddingaham  , East Riding, Yorkshire (8th cent. in manuscripts of Bede Eccl. Hist. (a731); apparently now Goodmanham). As a place-name element it is often difficult to distinguish from ham n.2   See further J. M. Dodgson in Anglo-Saxon England 2 (1973) 1–50, B. Cox in Jrnl. Eng. Place-Name Soc. 8 (1976) 12–66, M. Gelling & A. Cole Landscape of Place-names (2000) 47–9.
 
In later place-name formations chiefly in field names, such as (the widespread) Homefield  , e.g. Le Homfeld  , East Barnet, Hertfordshire (1267), Homfeld  , Middlesex (1274), Homfeld  , Hankerton, Wiltshire (c1300), etc.; compare senses A. 2   and B. 1a.
 
With sense A. 6   perhaps compare the attestation of terms for animals in place names such as Phincham  , Norfolk (1086; now Fincham; compare finch n.), Martham  , Norfolk (1086; now Martham; compare Old English mearþ  : see marter n.1); however, these are more likely to refer to places of human habitation frequented by the named animals.
 
The word shows considerable semantic overlap with house n.1
 A. n.1
 I. The place where a person or animal dwells.
1.

 a. A collection of dwellings; a village, a town. Cf. ham n.3 Obsolete.

eOE   tr. Bede Eccl. Hist. (Tanner) ii. xiv. 146   He rad betweoh his hamum oðþe be tweonum [OE Corpus Oxf. tunum; L. inter ciuitates siue uillas aut prouincias suas] mid his þegnum.
eOE   Anglo-Saxon Chron. (Parker) anno 900   Æðelwald sæt binnan þæm ham mid þæm monnum þe him to gebugon & hæfde ealle þa geatu forworht in to him & sæde þæt he wolde oðer oððe þær libban oððe þær licgan.
eOE   Metres of Boethius (partly from transcript of damaged MS) (2009) ix. 18   He Romane secgan geherde þæt on sume tide Troiaburg ofertogen hæfde lega leohtost, lengest burne hama under hefonum.
OE   Anglo-Saxon Chron. (Parker) anno 1001   Foran ða þanon west oþ þæt hy coman to Defenan..& forbærndon Tegntun & eac fela oðra godra hama.
c1275  (?a1200)    Laȝamon Brut (Calig.) (1978) l. 9707   Þa wes Verolam a swiðe kine-wurðe hom.
?a1300   Maximian (Digby) l. 239 in C. Brown Eng. Lyrics 13th Cent. (1932) 99 (MED)   I rod þoru-out rome, Richest alre home.

eOE—?a1300(Hide quotations)

 

 b. A landed property; an estate, a manor. Obsolete.bishop-home n. Obsolete an episcopal manor.

OE (Northumbrian)   Lindisf. Gospels: Matt. xix. 22   Erat enim habens multas possessiones : wæs forðon hæbbend monigra hamas uel æhta.
OE   Will of King Ælfred (Sawyer 1507) in F. E. Harmer Sel. Eng. Hist. Docs. 9th & 10th Cent. (1914) 17   Ic an..minre yldstan dehter þæne ham æt Welewe; & þære medemestan æt Clearna & æt Cendefer; & þære gingestan þone ham æt Welig & æt Æsctune & æt Cippanhamme.
OE   Old Eng. Hexateuch: Gen. (Claud.) xlvii. 20   Iosep bohte eal Egypta land, þa hy cypton ealle heora hamas for þæs hungres micelnysse.
lOE   Royal Charter: Æðelstan to Holy Trinity, Winchester (Sawyer 427) in A. J. Robertson Anglo-Saxon Charters (1956) 50   Se ðæt sæ bisceop a þæ ðær þonne sie him do hira fullan fostær butan hira beodlandum of his bisceophamum [L. de suis propriis episcopalibus villis].
c1275  (?a1200)    Laȝamon Brut (Calig.) (1978) l. 9748   Ne læten ȝe næuere þas hæðene bruken eoure hames [c1300 Otho homes], þæs ilke awedde hundes walden eouwere londes.
c1450  (c1405)    Mum & Sothsegger (BL Add. 41666) (1936) l. 602 (MED)   He taughte þaym..þaire tithing to bringe Of al manier grene..Of fructe and of floxe in felde and in homes.

OE—c1450(Hide quotations)

 
 2.

 a. A dwelling place; a person's house or abode; the fixed residence of a family or household; the seat of domestic life and interests. Also (chiefly in later use): a private house or residence considered merely as a building; cf. house n.1 1a. Also (esp. in early use) without article or possessive (now only in prepositional phrases, as at home, from home, near home, etc.: see Phrases 1).See also hearth and home n. at hearth n.1 Phrases, house and home n. at house n.1 and int. Phrases 2.
 
holiday, ideal, marital, mobile, model, park, ranch, second, starter, stately, trailer, vacation home, etc.: see the first element.

OE (Northumbrian)   Lindisf. Gospels: John xiv. 2   In domo patris mei mansiones multae sunt : in hus fadores mines hamas..meniga sint [OE West Saxon Gospels: Corpus Cambr. manega eardungstowa].
OE   Christ & Satan 275   Ic her geþolian sceal þinga æghwylces.., þæs ic seolfa weold, þonne ic on heofonum ham staðelode.
lOE   Laws of Æðelberht (Rochester) iii. 3   Gif cyning æt mannes ham drincæþ, & ðær man lyswæs hwæt gedo.
c1275   in C. Brown Eng. Lyrics 13th Cent. (1932) 50   Al hit wolle agon—His lond & his hus & his hom.
c1300  (?a1200)    Laȝamon Brut (Otho) (1963) l. 4998   Þe king..heom an hond solde mochil deal of londe al aboute Catenas, þar hii homes makede.
c1400  (?a1387)    Langland Piers Plowman (Huntington HM 137) (1873) C. xii. l. 46   God is nat in þat hom.
▸ 1440   Promptorium Parvulorum (Harl. 221) 244   Hoome, or dwelly[n]ge place, mancio.
c1450  (?a1400)    Wars Alexander (Ashm.) l. 4902   Ȝit was a mynstir on þe mounte... Þis hame at houes on þis hill was in þe hiȝe est.
1490   Caxton tr. Foure Sonnes of Aymon (1885) xxviii. 588   All the sike..retourne to theyr home in goode helthe.
1578   J. Rolland Seuin Seages 156   The Emprice..Maid hir to pas vnto hir Father hame.
a1616   Shakespeare King Lear (1623) ii. i. 123   I best though[t] it fit To answere from our home.
a1667   A. Cowley Elegy in Eng. Poets (1810) VII. 61   There banish'd Ovid had a lasting home.
1735   J. Morgan tr. P. de la Motte Voy. Barbary for Redempt. Captives 140   Those good Fathers, separating, conducted even smal Companies of those Slaves to their own Homes.
1749   H. Fielding Tom Jones IV. x. ii. 7   The half-drunk Clown..staggers through the Church-yard, or rather Charnel-yard, to his Home.
1849   Macaulay Hist. Eng. I. iii. 351   That attachment which every man naturally feels for his home.
1871   E. A. Freeman Hist. Norman Conquest IV. xvii. 81   [He] returned to the home which, almost alone among princely homes, supplied a model for lowlier homes to follow.
1882   Harper's Mag. Dec. 58/1   A lovely drive..is bordered with homes, many of which make pretensions to much more than comfort.
1918   House & Garden Mar. 64/1   Wallpaper emits a warmth, a cheer, a restfulness that makes a house a home.
1930   San Antonio (Texas) Light 31 Jan.   Wilson wounded Elliott and his wife in a dispute Wednesday at the Elliott home in Mendota.
1955   A. Ross Australia 55 37   More houses (or ‘homes’ as a house is kindly called here) are needed.
1973   Guardian 18 May 1/6   Motorway schemes..often wipe out considerable numbers of reasonable homes in accessible areas.
1991   F. King Ant Colony (1992) vi. 41   ‘You have a lovely home,’ he ventured, looking around him.
2002   A. Behrman Electroboy (2003) viii. 211   That night, when I return to my new home, I double-lock the door.

OE—2002(Hide quotations)

 

 b. Without article or possessive. The place where one lives or was brought up, with reference to the feelings of belonging, comfort, etc., associated with it.Recorded earliest in home is homely at Phrases 2a; cf. also home is home at Phrases 2b, home sweet home at Phrases 2c. home is where the heart is: see Phrases 8.
 
The absence of the article is probably connected historically with such constructions as at home, from home, to go home, etc.; but it appears also to be connected with the generalized or partly abstract sense, in which home is conceived as a state as well as a place, and is thus construed like youth, wedlock, health, and other such nouns.

1546   J. Heywood Dialogue Prouerbes Eng. Tongue i. iv. sig. B   Home is homely, though it be poore in syght.
1600   N. Breton Strange Fortunes Two Excellent Princes 5   I should easily make thee finde the sweete of the old prouerbe, that home is home, be it neuer so homely.
1606   W. Birnie Blame of Kirk-buriall xix. sig. F3   That being preuented by death..he should neuer see home.
1770   J. Andrews Acct. Char. & Manners French II. xl. 72   The Pleasures of Home, are discarded to make Room for Pastimes that contribute much more to dissipate and confuse the Mind.
1782   Gulliver's Lect. in R. Johnson Lilliputian Libr. I. v. 9   We have passed our time very agreeably; yet I must own, that there is nothing like home and my books.
1814   Byron Corsair iii. xviii. 89   Oh! what can sanctify the joys of home?
1858   N. Hawthorne Jrnl. 24 Jan. in French & Italian Notebks. (1980) 50   This miserable life of wandering makes a three days' residence seem like home.
1882   A. W. Ward Dickens vii. 223   He was most English in that love of home to which he was never weary of testifying.
1920   Delta Oct. 126/1   He still calls Claysville home, as does also John Miller, who holds down the good old farm.
1957   J. Braine Room at Top xxx. 237   Home would be an abstract notion—Father, Mother, safety, hugs, and hot milk.
1994   Lat. Mass Jan. 24/1   The place felt more like home to me than the big white duplex where I actually lived.
2002   Elle Girl Summer 112/2   I live in different hotels in different cities, out of suitcases. I miss home a lot.

1546—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 

 c. With the. The domestic setting.

1838   Amer. Ann. Educ. Aug. 346   We wish..to have the school room and those who superintend and direct it, viewed not as adjuncts to, but as substitutes for, the home, the domestic circle, and the parent.
1884   J. Hall Christian Home 69   Such spiritual irrigation we must use in the home for the good of one another.
1905   Altoona (Pa.) Mirror 15 Dec. 5/2 (advt.)    You can get wooden articles and ornaments of use in the home, ready traced for burning.
1923   P. G. Wodehouse Inimitable Jeeves iii. 36   If there's one thing that gives me the pip, it's unpleasantness in the home.
1957   E. S. Bomback Photogr. in Colour i. 9   We live in an age of colour-consciousness. This applies not only to clothes..it applies to the home in the form of gaily coloured plastics.
1991   Dissent Winter 45/1   They are subject to harassment on the job and violence in the home.
2007   V. Smith Clean ix. 297   Prince Albert's death from ‘bowel fever’ (typhoid), supposedly caught from the antique sewer system at Windsor Castle, frighteningly emphasized the importance of good sanitary provision in the home.

1838—2007(Hide quotations)

 

 d. The family or social unit occupying a house; a household.See also broken home n. at broken adj. Special uses 3.

1876   ‘Mrs. Alexander’ Her Dearest Foe I. ix. 178   Fanny shall be my assistant, Mills our housekeeper, so the old home shall not be broken up.
1894   H. Drummond Lowell Lect. Ascent Man 390   Sacred and happy homes..are the surest guarantees for the moral progress of a nation.
1922   W. B. Tucker Laurentian Tales ii. vi. 77   Then the fires Roared over fat pine knots in big box stoves; And all the home was glad.
1975   R. S. Weiss Marital Separation ix. 168   In this chapter..I describe the changed structure of the one-parent home.
2007   G. Taylor in T. Middleton Coll. Wks. 31/1   For most of the next fifteen years that home was in turmoil. Husband and wife fought... Harvey was imprisoned for debt.

1876—2007(Hide quotations)

 

 e. The furniture or contents of a house.

1887   Charity Organisation Rev. No. 34. 369   The creditor relies..on the power of selling up the ‘home’.
1888   Times 16 Oct. 3/2   He emigrated to America, leaving his wife and children with a home of furniture.
1919   C. Collins Don't Dilly Dally on Way 3   Off went the cart with the home packed in it, I walked be-hind with my old cock lin-net.
1954   ‘C. Hare’ That Yew Tree's Shade 106   ‘Mr. Todman..what was you planning to do with Mrs. Pink's home?’ Todman looked disdainfully round at the ‘home’ of his late tenant, the furnishings whose quality had struck Horace Wendon so favourably.
2006   L. Soderlind Chasing Montana ii. 155   They packed up their home and shipped it all to Billings.

1887—2006(Hide quotations)

 

 3. fig. With reference to the grave or one's state after death. Frequently with preceding adjective, esp. in long home. Also in extended use.

OE   Cynewulf Fates of Apostles 92   Ic freonda beþearf liðra on lade, þonne ic sceal langne ham, eardwic uncuð, ana gesece læt [read gesecean, lætan] me on laste lic, eorðan dæl, wælreaf wunigean weormum to hroðre.
OE   Homily (Corpus Cambr. 421) in A. S. Napier Wulfstan (1883) 265   We wæron þider gehatene and gelaðede to ðam halgan ham and to ðam cynelican friðstole, þær drihten Crist wunað.
OE   Vision of Leofric in Rev. Eng. Stud. (2012) 63 550   Feowertyne nihton ær his forðsiðe he foresæde þonne [read þone] dæg þe he sceolde cuman to Cofantreo to his langan hame þær he on restet.
c1225  (?c1200)    Sawles Warde (Bodl.) (1938) 16 (MED)   O helle, deaðes hus..heatel ham & heard wan of all wontreaðes.
c1300   St. Mary Magdalen (Laud) l. 38 in C. Horstmann Early S.-Eng. Legendary (1887) 463 (MED)   Deiden fader and Moder..Men..to heore longue home brouȝten heom ful sone.
a1400  (c1303)    R. Mannyng Handlyng Synne (Harl.) l. 9195   To þy long home, sone shalt þou wende.
c1480  (a1400)    Prol. 32 in W. M. Metcalfe Legends Saints Sc. Dial. (1896) I. 2   Quhen he sal cume til his lang ham.
a1500   Liber Pluscardensis (Marchm.) (1877) I. 386   To graith thaire gait on to thair langest hame.
1535   Bible (Coverdale) Eccl. xii. 5   Man goeth to his longe home.
1594   Shakespeare Titus Andronicus i. i. 83   These that I bring vnto their latest home .  
1638   T. Herbert Some Yeares Trav. (rev. ed.) 204   A deadly flux..brought that religious Gentleman..in the vigour of his age, to an immortall home.
1667   Milton Paradise Lost x. 1085   Till we end In dust, our final rest and native home .  
1713   Bp. G. Burnet Royal Martyr 175   The last Agonies, the fixed Eyes, and the dismal Ruttle,..tell all those about the Dying-Bed, that he..is now going to his Home.
1793   A. Seward Lett. (1811) III. 330   You would be sorryish to hear, that poor Moll Cobb..is gone to her long home.
1833   I. Taylor Fanaticism iii. 70   Whatever is spurious is marked already for oblivion, and moves on to its home.
1861   C. Reade Cloister & Hearth II. xiii. 266   Here's a venomous old toad! he knows a kick from this foot would send him to his last home.
1932   B. Devoto Mark Twain's Amer. viii. 194   Man had always been infinitely less important than man's eternal home.
1999   Hist. Today Dec. 54/1   At 1.45pm the scuttling charges were fired..but it was almost three hours before she went to her long home.

OE—1999(Hide quotations)

 

 4. A refuge, a sanctuary; a place or region to which one naturally belongs or where one feels at ease. Also without article or possessive (cf. note at sense A. 2b).See also spiritual home n. at spiritual adj. and n. Special uses.

OE   Seafarer 117   Uton we hycgan hwær se [read we] ham agen, ond þonne geþencan hu we þider cumen.
OE   Paris Psalter (1932) cvi. 35   Þær he [sc. God] hungrium ham staðelude [L. collocavit illic esurientes], and þær gesetton swylce ceastre, þær hi eard namon awa syþþan.
?c1225  (?a1200)    Ancrene Riwle (Cleo. C.vi) (1972) 260   Þepilegrim in worl des wei þach he ga forðwart towart þe ham of heouene.
a1400   in C. Brown Relig. Lyrics 14th Cent. (1924) 114 (MED)   Loue, loue, where shalt þou wone?..For cristis herte þat was þin hoome—He is deed, now hast þou noone.
a1500  (c1390)    Chaucer Truth (Lansd.) (1880) l. 17   The wrestlyng of this world axith a fall Heer is noon hoom heer is but wildirnesse.
a1500  (a1460)    Towneley Plays (1994) I. xiv. 164 (MED)   In euery place he [sc. Christ] shall haue hame.
1548   Hall's Vnion: Henry V f. xxxviiiv   He subdewed Wales..and broughte that vnruly parte to his olde home and aunciente degree.
1567   N. Throckmorton Let. to Eliz. 9 Aug. in P. F. Tytler Hist. Scotl. (1864) III. 270   They [sc. the Hamiltons] account but the little king betwixt them and home, who may die.
1598   Shakespeare Henry IV, Pt. 1 iv. i. 57   A randeuous, a home to flie vnto.
1662   T. Arundell Confession & Conversion 36   Be thou my help in want, my strength in weakness, my joy in sorrow, my comfort in grief, my riches in poverty, my palace in Prison, my home in banishment, [etc.].
1777   H. Blair Serm. xv. 442   God has tinged them all with vanity, on purpose to make him feel, that this is not his rest; that here he is not in his proper place, nor arrived at his true home.
1873   E. Bulwer-Lytton Kenelm Chillingly I. ii. xv. 313   Wherever a woman has a tongue, there Mrs. Grundy has a home.
1884   Contemp. Rev. Mar. 315   In the Church of England he found a satisfying home.
1940   H. Kuttner in Startling Stories Nov. 19/1   You are space-born, Ardath. You cannot quite realize that only on a planet can a man find a home.
1977   A. Shaw 52nd St. (new ed.) viii. 162   52d St. was home if you played jazz.
2005   M. Zwerin Parisian Jazz Chrons. xviii. 192   I never get nervous before going onstage because the stage is home to me.

OE—2005(Hide quotations)

 

 5. A person's own country or native land. Also: the country of one's ancestors. Frequently without article or possessive (cf. note at sense A. 2b).Formerly used with reference to Britain by inhabitants of (former) British dependencies; cf. old home n. at old adj. Special uses 4   and homeland n. 2.

OE   Exodus 457   Ne ðær ænig becwom herges to hame, ac behindan beleac wyrd mid wæge.
OE   Wærferð tr. Gregory Dialogues (Corpus Cambr.) (1900) iii. xxxviii. 258   Þa sona æfter þon seo reðe þeod Langbeardna wæs gelæded of þam hame hire eardunge [L. de vagina suae habitationis].
c1275  (?a1216)    Owl & Nightingale (Calig.) (1935) l. 1751 (MED)   Hwat, miȝte [a1300 Jesus Oxf. nuȝte] ȝe..his hom! He wuneþ at portes hom, At one tune ine dorsete.
c1450  (c1350)    Alexander & Dindimus (Bodl.) (1929) l. 46 (MED)   He wolde fare wiþ his folk in a faire wise To biholden here hom and non harm wirke.
1598   Bp. J. Hall Virgidemiarum: 3 Last Bks. iv. vi. 48   He..Wishes for home a thousand sithes a day.
a1616   Shakespeare King John (1623) ii. i. 31   Till then faire boy Will I not thinke of home, but follow Armes.  
a1616   Shakespeare All's Well that ends Well (1623) ii. v. 64   That presently you take your way for home .  
1755   G. Washington Let. to A. Washington Apr.   My command was reduced, under a pretence of an order from home.
1770   J. Banks Jrnl. 3 Sept. (1962) II. 145   The greatest part of them [sc. the ship's company] were now pretty far gone with the longing for home which the Physicians have gone so far as to esteem a disease under the name of Nostalgia.
1837   Lett. fr. Madras (1843) 92   Home always means England; nobody calls India home.
1842   N.Z. Govt. Gaz. Suppl. II. 40   In accordance with instructions from home.
1886   J. A. Froude Oceana (ed. 2) 78   The Controller..had many questions to ask about ‘home’ and what was going there.
1889   Auckland (N.Z.) Evening Star 6 Apr. 2/5   I have every reason to believe that the proposed New Zealand team will go home at the end of this season.
1915   R. Brooke 1914 & Other Poems 15   A body of England's, breathing English air, Washed by the rivers, blest by suns of home.
1942   A. L. Haskell Waltzing Matilda p. xxi   England is automatically referred to as Home, even in such a common paradox as ‘I have never been Home’.
1988   M. MacMillan Women of Raj iii. 46   It was considered extremely important to keep as much of Home alive as possible.
2001   A. F. Khater Inventing Home v. 114   ‘Home’ had changed, and romanticized images were quickly dispelled. Politically, Mount Lebanon was in the midst of both continuation and change.

OE—2001(Hide quotations)

 

 6. The normal resting place or abode of an animal; spec. a nesting site or structure.

[OE   Homily: De Sancto Iohanne (Corpus Cambr. 198) in Englische Studien (1885) 8 478   Þæt fugelcynn eall ferdon heom hamweard, ælc to his earde.]
a1398   J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus De Proprietatibus Rerum (BL Add. 27944) (1975) II. xviii. lxxxvii. 1237   Tame swyne knowen here owne hous and home and lerne to come þerto wiþouten guyde.
1666   G. Alsop Char. Province Maryland 10   The Hogs..do disfrequent home more then the rest of Creatures that are look'd upon as tame.
1760   J. Beattie tr. Virgil 2nd Pastoral in Orig. Poems & Transl. 125   Th' untended goats shall to their homes repair, And to the milker's hand the loaded udder bear.
1774   O. Goldsmith Hist. Earth IV. 32   It continues for some hours at a distance from home, until the alarm be past away.
1821   Byron Heaven & Earth i. i. 155   Foam, Which the leviathan hath lash'd From his unfathomable home.
1854   F. C. Woodworth Stories about Birds 84   In a small family in the south part of Portsmouth, N. H., there was a parrot who had found a home for many years, and had become a pet of the family.
1864   J. G. Wood (title)    Homes without Hands, being a Description of the Habitations of Animals.
1909   G. Stein Three Lives 67   Stray dogs and cats Anna always kept until she found them homes.
1936   C. F. M. Swynnerton in Trans. Royal Entomol. Soc. 84 520   Home..that portion of the tsetse-habitat used by the tsetse..for both resting and breeding.
1962   R. M. Gordon & M. M. J. Lavoipierre Entomol. for Students of Med. xxix. 184   Such centres or foci are referred to as ‘permanent breeding places’, ‘primary foci’ or ‘homes’.
2002   Trav. Afr. Winter 11/2   The Sociable weaver..builds a gargantuan nest in the trees, which becomes home for up to 3000 birds.

a1398—2002(Hide quotations)

 

 7. A residential institution providing care, rest, refuge, accommodation, or treatment. Also: a similar establishment for rescued animals; an animal shelter.Frequently with preceding word denoting the type of institution, as care, Cheshire, children's, community, eventide, foster, Magdalene, maternity, nursing, old people's, remand, residential, respite, rest, retirement, sailors', soldiers', sunset, twilight home, etc.: see the first element.

1829   Missionary Reg. May 216/2   It is of the utmost importance that a generous public..should provide some general Sailors' Home, for all the Sailors who come from abroad.
1829   Missionary Reg. May 217/1   They [sc. sailors] will gratefully appreciate the importance of a Home being provided to rescue them from immorality, and provide them with a hiding-place from the wind and a covert from the storm.
1847   Dickens Let. 28 Oct. (1981) V. 177   I am in a state of great anxiety to talk to you about your ‘Home’ (that is the name I propose to give it) with which I have been very busy for some time, and which will be ready for the reception of its inmates..on Saturday fortnight.
1863   S. Low Charit. London 31   The Home for Confirmed Invalids.
1897   Whitaker's Almanack 282   Dr. Barnardo's Homes for Orphan Waifs.
a1948   D. Welch Last Sheaf (1951) 34   I remembered that he was Grace's mad friend who had just been let out of a home.
1972   T. Keneally Chant of Jimmie Blacksmith vi. 47   Mrs Hayes..got her kitchen-maids from a home for wayward girls in Sydney.
1994   Guardian 24 Nov. (OnLine) 2/3   The finalists sent in plans for everything from a dogs' home to an extension to the United Nations building.
2000   L. Coady Play Monster Blind viii. 150   The soft-hearted son could not bear the notion of putting dear Mother in a home.

1829—2000(Hide quotations)

 
 II. Extended and elliptical senses.
 8.

 a. A place where something originates, flourishes, or is most typically found; the seat, centre, or birthplace of an activity.

?c1200   Ormulum (Burchfield transcript) l. 3550   Illc mann shule cumenn ham..inn till rihht crisstenndom..In till þatt soþfasstnessess ham. Þatt mann wass shapenn inne.
1603   J. Davies Microcosmos 217 (margin)    Hell, the home of Pride.
1687   J. Norris Coll. Misc. 39   Come we'l e'n to our Country Seat repair The Native home of Innocence and Love.
1706   M. Prior Ode to Queen 315   Flandria, by plenty made the home of War.
1871   E. A. Freeman Hist. Norman Conquest IV. xviii. 125   The return of the Conqueror was ushered in by the destruction of the ecclesiastical home of the nation.
1874   J. R. Green Short Hist. Eng. People vii. §5. 386   The South and the West still remained..the great homes of mining and manufacturing activity.
1886   H. M. Posnett Compar. Lit. iv. ii. 258   Sicily, then, was the real home of bucolic poetry.
1914   Times Lit. Suppl. 7 Aug. 378   Oxford has often been called ‘the home of lost causes’.
1962   T. Blume in R. G. Reisner Bird 58   Kansas City is the home of jazz as New Orleans is of Dixieland.
2000   N.Y. Times 1 Jan. a20 (caption)    Once the home of Valley Girl culture, the Sherman Oaks Galleria in Southern California is being demolished to make way for new construction.

?c1200—2000(Hide quotations)

 
 

 b. The position or location of a material object, institution, etc., esp. when long-term or permanent.In early use with reference to the position of celestial objects; cf. house n.1 11.

a1398   J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus De Proprietatibus Rerum (BL Add. 27944) (1975) I. viii. ix. 461   Þise signes beþ iclepid housis, for þey beþ þe home and wonynge place of planetis.
c1450  (?a1400)    Wars Alexander (Ashm.) l. 27   Þai..Of þe ordere of þat odde home þat ouer þe aire hingis Knew þe kynd, & þe curses of þe clere sternys.
 
1759   Gentleman's Mag. Aug. 383/1   This once blooming, this now fading rose, Fresh from its stalk, my bosom was its home.
1837   Atkinson's Casket Oct. 467/1   The illustrious Franklin..tore the lightning from its home in the cloud.
1893   R. S. Ball Story of Sun 295   To rend this stone from the home where it was originally placed.
1896   Bk. News Sept. 17/1   The destruction of the old art building which is now the museum's home, is a sad pity, but it is doubtless inevitable.
1912   Mining & Sci. Press 1 June 761/1   The gold in the pay-streak was derived from its home in rocks at a date which preceded that of the formation and deposition of the gravel which overlies and surrounds it.
1964   Boston Globe 29 Nov. 81/5   This building is the home of toys for ‘tykes’. Founded eight years ago, this group will repair over 3000 toys for needy families by Christmas.
1991   A. Nikiforuk Fourth Horseman x. 173   The thymus, home of those important T-cells, atrophies in hungry women and children.
2002   Field & Stream Jan. (East Suppl.) 57/2   Workers tipped the 27 subway cars off a floating barge and allowed them to plunge to their new homes on the continental shelf.

a1398—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 9.

 a. Sport and Games. (The name of) the place where a team or player is free from attack by the opposition; the point which one tries to reach; the goal.

1743   E. Hoyle Short Treat. Back-gammon ii. 11   Suppose his Tables are broke at home, it will be then your Interest to open your Barr Point.
1844   S. Williams Boy's Treasury 49   One player takes his station at a spot called the ‘home’, while the others go to seek out various hiding-places in which to ensconce themselves.
1856   Dickens Little Dorrit (1857) i. vii. 50   The prison children..whooped and ran, and played at hide and seek, and made the iron bars of the inner gateway ‘Home’.
?1870   F. Hardy & J. R. Ware Mod. Hoyle Backgammon 141   The object of the game is to bring the men round to your own ‘home’, or inner table.
1907   W. James Bachelor Betty viii. 44   The four of us played tig round the ship, with the fire buckets for home.
1979   M. Seth-Smith & R. Mortimer Derby 200 ii. 61   A furlong from home it seemed that Marksman..was assured of victory, but Hermit was making rapid headway.
2004   S. Gordon Greece 33   The first team to successfully reach the other team's home and call ‘Abarisa!’ wins the game.

1743—2004(Hide quotations)

 
1845   Rules Knickerbocker Base Ball Club in C. A. Peverelly Bk. Amer. Pastimes (1866) 341   The bases shall be from ‘home’ to second base, forty-two paces.
1869   Jrnl. Telegr. 2 Aug. 201/1   Kern was the first to wield the willow, and, as usual, made his base, and stole home on passed balls.
1917   N.Y. Tribune 10 Oct. 15/4   Faber explains that he made his famous steal of third because he thought Weaver had previously reached home and was not resting on the far corner bag.
1955   Baseball Digest Nov. 91/1   There was a time when stealing home was as common as hitting home runs with bases filled is today.
2010   J. F. Winter Baptism by Toilet Water 110   Home to first and first to second were almost exact in length, but second to third was considerably shorter, and third to home was shorter yet.

1845—2010(Hide quotations)

 

 c. Lacrosse. (The name of) the attacking player, or each of the players, stationed nearest to the opposing goal. Cf. earlier home man n. 2.Originally each side only had one home; this was later increased to two homes per side: inside and outside home. In the modern game there are three homes: first, second, and third home.

1869   W. G. Beers Lacrosse xii. 196   Home should perfect himself in frisking the ball.
1892   Lippincott's Monthly Mag. 49 746   Outside home, and inside home.
1897   Earl of Suffolk et al. Encycl. Sport I. 607/1   The three Homes must be adepts in taking short and hard catches with absolute certainty.
1906   Bystander 6 Dec. 528/2   Their combination in attack [was] far superior, particularly in the region of goal, where the homes worked together with rapidity and precision.
1973   Sunday Tel. 4 Mar. 38/6   First home, Janet Roberts, with her dynamic underarm flick, deserved more than the two she obtained.
2000   Philadelphia Inquirer (Nexis) 3 May b11   Kane, a regional all-American in soccer who has been playing lacrosse for two years, is a third home.

1869—2000(Hide quotations)

 

 10. Brit. Gambling. In the context of football pools: a win for the home team; a home win.

1936   Football Pict. 4 Apr. 20/3   You'll probably laugh at the six homes I've dug up for you. Well, let's get it over... Not a bright looking lot, are they?
1960   Guardian 24 Mar. 4/5   Has he not heard of the Four Aways, the Nine Homes, the ‘Easy Six’, &c.?
1983   Times 12 May 30 (advt.)    10 homes—£3.05. 4 aways—£15.30.
1992   M. Clapson Bit of Flutter 173   The ‘Penny Points’ coupon held sway,..along with a host of other schemes such as ‘Four Homes’, ‘Four Aways’ and so on.
1999   Odds On Feb. 29/2 (advt.)    There are 14 sample bets, set out on eight example coupons, for all types of bets including homes, aways, draws, correct scores, and double results.

1936—1999(Hide quotations)

 
 11. slang (orig. and chiefly in African-American use).

 a. = homeboy n. 2   or (less frequently) homegirl n. 2. Frequently as a form of address. Cf. homes n.

[1942   N.Y. Amsterdam News 19 Sept. 16/1   Lay it down, lay it down; I'm Sam D. Home just come to town.]
1944   D. Burley Orig. Handbk. Harlem Jive 109   Well, Home,..you'd better get on it if you want it.
1980   D. Berry G. R. Point ii. v. 51   Them Australian chicks don't wear much, Home. You gonna be tempted.
1991   M. S. Jankowski Islands in Street ix. 281   If me and my homes do things the way we know we can, then the cops can't touch us, they just like the song says—purple haze.
2009   D. Mouzon 2face xlii. 138   Mouse fired 2 shots at the car that tried to kill his home, boom! boom! he knew he had to end this bang out quick.

1944—2009(Hide quotations)

 

 b. orig. Prison slang. Used attributively in various compounds (some nonce formations) with the same sense, as home piece, home slice, etc.

1974   Black Belt July 21/1   The first thing I did in the joint was to..learn to fight with a home piece—somebody from my neighborhood on the streets.
1984   Washington Post 3 Aug. b5/2   Home slice—best friend.
1985   N.Y. Mag. 11 Feb. 10/2   Homeboy (a friend; variations: homey, home slice, home taste, home cat, home piece, etc.) and maxin'..were born in the early seventies on Rikers Island.
1994   G. Phillips Violent Spring x. 136   What ya got, home skillet?
1997   N. Revoyr Necessary Hunger (1998) x. 187   Wassup, homedog?
2009   C. Holton Beach Trip (2010) 139   Mel was holding the pitcher up. ‘More toxins, Bimbette?’ she said to Sara. ‘Sure, Homeslice, fill it up.’

1974—2009(Hide quotations)

 

 12. Brit. With capital initial and usually with the. = home service n. 2. Now hist.

1947   ‘G. Orwell’ Let. 25 Jan. (1968) IV. 276   It was done on the Eastern and African services, but in those days I wasn't well-connected enough to crash the Home.
1965   G. Melly Owning-up vi. 64   Loudspeakers in every bedroom with a control switch marked ‘Light. Home. Room Service’.
2007   D. Hendy Life on Air i. 28   In January 1947..some 40 per cent of the Home's output consisted of music.

1947—2007(Hide quotations)

 

 13. Computing. Usually with capital initial. (The name of) the home key (home key n. 3) on a keyboard.

1971   Auerbach on Alphanumeric Displays xiv. 96   Cursor controls are as follows... home positions the cursor at the first character location of the first line.
1982   PC Nov. 333/2   All word processors designate keys for moving the cursor around any given page: up, down, sideways, or home.
1997   P. Duffett-Smith Easy PC Astron. 97   The viewing direction can be altered using the arrow keys for small steps, or ‘page up’, ‘page down’, ‘home’, and ‘end’ for large steps.
2008   Computeractive (Nexis) 24 July   As with nearly all keys, the actions of Home and End can be modified.

1971—2008(Hide quotations)

 
 B. adj. (chiefly attributive). N.E.D. (1899) distinguishes between the adjective (in senses B. 1, B. 2) and the noun used in attributive compounds, remarking: ‘These uses do not differ essentially [from those treated under Compounds]; but home, being here written separately, functions as an adjective used attributively.’
 1.

 a. Adjoining or in close proximity to one's home, or the principal building on a farm or estate. Cf. home station n. (a) at Compounds 2.Earliest attested in place names.

1267   in J. E. B. Gover et al. Place-names Herts. (1938) 274   Le Homfeld.
a1500   in C. W. Foster Registrum Antiquissimum Cathedral Church Lincoln (1935) III. 361   ije acre in Le Hom Crofte.
?1614   G. Chapman tr. Homer Odysses vi. 90   The home-fields of the countries breed.
1662   in Early Rec. Town of Providence (Rhode Island) (1893) III. 17   The high way..where John Steere his howse standeth and his home share of Land.
1699   in Rec. Early Hist. Boston (1881) VII. 236   A great White Oake standing neer by Mr. Benja White's home meadow.
1746   W. Ellis Agric. Improv'd I. May vii. 33   My Rows of broad Beans in my Home-close.
1774   Garton Inclos. Act 3   All the home-steads, home-closes, and ancient inclosures.
1816   J. Austen Emma I. xii. 211   Keeping in hand the home-farm at Donwell.  
1870   W. Morris Earthly Paradise: Pt. III 486   Over the homefield toward the wall they drew.
1886   World 17 Dec. 11   The home covers were shot on Friday.
1915   D. H. Lawrence Rainbow i. 6   A confusion of sheds spread into the home-close.
1966   Te Reo 9 54   The home paddock and the night paddock which..must in the early years have been the same piece of land.
2007   B. Steel & M. Burns in E. Barclay et al. Crime in Rural Austral. 70   A paddock some distance from his home block.

1267—2007(Hide quotations)

 

 b. Designating a person who does the specified action or activity at home. Cf. home brewer n., home shopper n. 2, homeworker n., etc.

1429–30   in 9th Rep. Royal Comm. Hist. MSS: Pt. 1 (1883) App. 138 in Parl. Papers (C. 3773) XXXVII. 1   Tryacleman, Hombaker, Clokmaker.
1490   Canterbury City Rec.   Robertus Dehytyngton, homebaker.
1579   T. North tr. Plutarch Liues 244   The hometarriers and housedoues that kept Rome still.
1630   H. Lord Display Two Forraigne Sects Ep. Ded.   Informe the home-residers with the Manners and Customes of the People.
1815   tr. V. J. E. de Jouy Paris Chit-chat II. 21   I believe that the good woman would have talked till now, if my wife had not found just time between two respirations, to tell her that it was a home nurse that she wanted.
1876   Peterson's Mag. Apr. 802/1   Our supposed home dressmaker must be guided, as regards style, in a great measure by the amount of material she possesses.
1878   ‘Wyvern’ Culinary Jottings i. xxx. 184   The paraphernalia of the home-baker should be:—a large enamelled iron milk basin, two wooden spoons, [etc.].
1958   Clothing Machine Engineer Feb. 11 (advt.)    For the home moneymaker The Stitchmaster Automatic Button-holer.
1960   Sunday Express 11 Sept. 15/6   The ideal fabric for the home dress-maker.
1996   J. Lanchester Debt to Pleasure (1997) 1   The omission of a single word or a single instruction can inflict a humiliating fiasco on the unsuspecting home cook.
2009   ‘Zane’ Total Eclipse of Heart ii. 129   A home nurse would be coming by daily to check on me.

1429–30—2009(Hide quotations)

 

 c. Of, relating to, or associated with one's home, household, or family; used at home; domestic.

1552   R. Huloet Abcedarium Anglico Latinum   Home supper, domicœnium.
1573   T. Tusser Fiue Hundreth Points Good Husbandry (new ed.) f. 52v   Home wants to supplie.
1601   S. Daniel Ciuill Warres (rev. ed.) vi. liv. f. 90, in Wks.   Th' ayde home disobedience would afford.
1602   R. Carew Surv. Cornwall ii. f. 97   Afflictions by home-neighbours.
1797   Posthumous Daughter II. lxi. 107   Every day in the ensuing week is taken up already with engagements: the particular Wednesday you ask us for is destined to receive a home party.
1852   ‘E. Wetherell’ Queechy I. xix. 268   The barest-looking and dingiest of houses..without one softening or home-like touch from any home-feeling within.
1866   Horticulturalist Apr. 113/1   We may learn how much of improved home-comfortableness (I coin the word) and tasty effects may be had from a judicious studying of arrangement.
1883   ‘A. Thomas’ Mod. Housewife 84   A room that..had the real genuine ‘home look’ about it.
1941   Brit. Jrnl. Psychol. Apr. 306   Finally she had to leave her University post... ‘I could no longer keep it and be a home daughter.’
1968   J. D. Hicks My Life with Hist. 131   A sumptuous home dinner, provided in turn by the various wives.
1996   I. McClaurin Women of Belize vii. 119   [Women] are further constrained by a social belief that their primary responsibility is the fulfillment of home duties.
2006   P. Williams Rise & Fall Yummy Mummy xii. 100   She's somehow more impressive in her downtime home clothes..than in all her heels and clattering jewellery.

1552—2006(Hide quotations)

 
 

 d. That is or constitutes home for a person, a ship, etc.; that constitutes the territory of one's home country. Cf. also home port n. 2.

1594   J. Sylvester tr. O. de la Nove Profit Imprisonm. sig. A5   As he sees his ship her home-hauen enter safe.
1831   J. Wilson in Blackwood's Edinb. Mag. Aug. 180   My Bark returning gaily up the glen, All ended then her ocean-voyagings In the home-haven of Loch-Unimore.
1856   Brit. Controversialist New Ser. 1 97   Of all the systems in the magnificent spectacle of order, which we denominate the Universe, that within which the journeyings of our own home-planet is confined, most nearly and most immediately concern us.
1947   New Yorker 22 Mar. 26/3   After some summer-stock experience in Massachusetts, her home state, she came to New York in 1945.
1958   N.Y. Times Mag. 22 June 24/3   Some have long believed that life-bearing spores, somehow guarding the vital spark of life within them, escape occasionally from their home worlds.
2004   P. F. Hamilton Pandora's Star xviii. 585   All other animal life had finally been exterminated from the Prime homeworld during the last expansion over the temperate lands.
2005   M. Fox & O. Fox Discovering Environment 5   Earth is our home planet and provides all the necessary requirements for life.

1594—2005(Hide quotations)

 

 e. Carried out, conducted, or practised in one's home. Cf. home-schooling n., home shopping n., homeworking n., etc.

1797   E. Berkeley in G. M. Berkeley Poems Pref. p. cclix   He requested his Mother..to order the coach to carry him back to Mrs. Tucker, saying, ‘that he liked her nursing better than home nursing’.
1825   Literary Gaz. 30 Apr. 274/3   We really could not put our hand on any publication of the class, better adapted either for the encouragement of home study, or for premiums at school.
1840   Literary Gaz. 3 Oct. 639/1   The Doctor stated that he had met with equal success in the institution of little home-sewing schools for girls.
1850   Thackeray Pendennis II. xxv. 251   But this was only a home pastime, and the young school-boy was not fond of home sports.
1886   W. J. Tucker Life E. Europe 308   The entire garments worn are home manufacture and home tailoring.
1898   Westm. Gaz. 7 Apr. 3/2   A recipe..for the home-washing of lace.
1902   Encycl. Brit. XXV. 686/1   The Home Arts and Industries Association.
1917   H. W. Conn Bacteria, Yeasts, & Molds in Home (rev. ed.) xii. 173   Until home canning was stimulated by the war-time food shortage they were rarely canned except in factories.
1966   H. W. Yoxall Fashion of Life viii. 68   When I first joined Vogue the early demise of home-dressmaking was predicted.
1979   J. Muirden Sidgwick's Amateur Astronomer's Handbk. (ed. 4) vii. 92   An expensive luxury which drove amateurs to try their own home-silvering methods.
1990   Which? Apr. 197/2   Some policies offer reduced premiums if you..forgo home nursing and outpatient treatment not linked to a stay in hospital.
2004   Zest Dec. 143/3   Get a home workout going by investing in a Swiss ball for core-stability exercises.

1797—2004(Hide quotations)

 

 2. Of, relating to, conducted in, or produced in one's own country; dealing with matters concerning one's own country, or a mother country as distinguished from its colonies; domestic. Opposed to foreign, overseas.

?1569   Disc. Match Duke of Norfolke & Queene of Scottes sig. A.viv   Hauing shewed the daunger of this home match let vs now consider with the forein match.
1595   S. Daniel First Fowre Bks. Ciuile Warres v. lxxv. sig. Ddv   The glory lost, which home-broyles hinder might.
1601   P. Holland tr. Pliny Hist. World II. 137   Ech region is furnished sufficiently with home-physicke of their owne.
1622   Bacon Hist. Raigne Henry VII 76   To set prices by Statute..vpon our Home-Commodities.
1679   Popery & Tyranny 12   Having reduced all Home Duties into one receit..is another great Encouragement of Domestick Trade.
1690   W. Atwood Apol. for East-India Company 9   The King might erect Staples, or Treasuries for Commodities of home-Growth or Manufacture.
1713   in London Gaz. No. 5130/6   Neither do we..fear any Foreign Rivalship to our Home-Manufactures.
1765   in Amer. Hist. Rev. (1921) 26 743   The planters..reside Mostely on the Borders of James and York rivers which is the best soil for tobaco Especially the Sweet sented which is so much Esteemed in England, where they keep it for their own use, or what they Call home Consumption.
1766   W. Gordon Gen. Counting-house 365   Whether foreigner or home-trader.
1825   J. S. Mill in Westm. Rev. 3 413   If the new material..be of home growth, the production of that material would open a new channel for the profitable employment of agricultural capital.
1836   (title)    Home and Colonial School Association.
1846   H. H. Wilson Hist. Brit. India 1805–35 II. xii. 514   The Home authorities earnestly recommended to the Indian Governments the immediate [etc.].
1885   Manch. Examiner 29 June 5/1   We have reached a crisis in our home politics.
1886   Globe 25 Mar. 2/4   The home producer complained of foreign goods being carried at a cheaper rate than his home produce.
1916   ‘B. Cable’ Action Front 200   These average good men who had ‘joined up’ freely, who had longed for the end of home training and the transfer ‘out Front’.
1940   Time 1 Jan. 29/3   Entente Cordiale..was probably intended as French propaganda for home consumption on the present Anglo-French alliance.
1960   Times 15 Oct. 10/4   There were certain products..where home demand was being entirely satisfied with home production.
1972   Whitaker's Almanack 461/1   Sir Andrew Lewis K.C.B. (Commander-in-Chief Naval Home Command).
2005   IMF Staff Papers 52 443   We would expect to find a negative coefficient on home growth.

?1569—2005(Hide quotations)

 
 3.

 a. That strikes home; direct, to the point; effective, appropriate. Now rare except in home truth n. at Compounds 2   and home thrust n.Home was here originally adverbial (see home adv. 4   and Compounds 2); separation from a noun of action has led to its treatment as an adjective, and its extension to other nouns as in home truth.

1607   R. Bernard Faithfull Shepheard x. 71   This home-speaking is the sharpe edge of the sword.
?1610   J. Fletcher Faithfull Shepheardesse iv. sig. H3   But why, Do I resolue to grieue and not to dye. Happy had bene the stroake thou gauest if home.
1625   R. Montagu Appello Cæsarem 34   This is plaine and home enough.
1655   H. L'Estrange Reign King Charles 45   The Earl of Bristow..returned so home an answer, as the House was amply satisfied with it.
a1657   R. Lovelace Poems (1864) 203   Like a glorious general, With one home-charge lets fly at all.
a1687   R. McWard Επαγωνισμοι (1723) 196   Your great Confidence makes plain and Home-dealing with you..necessary.
1709   R. Steele Tatler No. 31. ⁋9   The other, with a sly serious one, says home Things enough.
1748   S. Richardson Clarissa IV. xxxix. 221   The dear creature..wanted to instruct me how to answer the Captain's home-put.
1783   F. Burney Diary 9 Dec. (1842) II. 288   This was rather a home stroke to be sure.
1788   H. Walpole Reminisc. in Lett. (1857) I. ix. p. cxlii   That negociation not succeeding, the Duchess made a more home push.
1844   A. R. Smith Adventures Mr. Ledbury II. iv. 57   This was a very home question.
1853   Bentley's Misc. 34 583   To so home a taunt the Austro-Russian had nothing to reply.
1904   F. H. E. Cunliffe Hist. Boer War II. iv. 86   The scattered formation of both sides in the earlier stages of the action militating against the cohesion and impetus necessary for a home charge.

1607—1904(Hide quotations)

 

b. Of, relating to, or concerning oneself; intimate, private, personal. Obsolete.

1650   W. Brough Sacred Princ. 309   Wholesome, Home-selfe-Conferences.
1710   Ld. Shaftesbury Soliloquy 18   Such Confidence they had in this Home Dialect of Soliloquy.
1726   Bp. J. Butler 15 Serm. x. 195   If this sincere Self-Enjoyment and Home-Satisfaction be thought desirable.
1767   Ess. Relig. & Morality 20/2   Is it not a defect in these laws, that there is no guard for liberty? nor plain rule for inward or home-duties?
1855   Helen Leeson xi. 99   ‘Indeed you think so?’ said the lady of fashion, in a home key very different from that she generally used in company.
1880   A. D. T. Whitney Odd, or Even? (1881) xlix. 499   He knew something of what Miss Ammah's home word was likely to touch upon.

1650—1880(Hide quotations)

 

 4. Sport. Of a competitor or team: attached to or coming from the country, locality, or venue in which a sporting event takes place, as home side, home team, etc.; of, relating to, or experienced by such a competitor or team, as home game, home crowd, home defeat, home win, etc.; see also home territory n., home turf n. at Compounds 2. Also designating an advantage perceived to be conferred on those competing at home. Opposed to away. Cf. at home at Phrases 1a(f)   and home ground n. 1.

1826   Hampshire Tel. & Sussex Chron. 5 June   The odds were four to one against Brighton on the second day. The triumph on the home side has been decisive and complete.
1886   Times 21 June 10/5   The home fielding did not realize expectation.
1886   World No. 632. 9/1   The home crew jumped away with the lead, but the visitors speedily joined company with them again.
1887   F. Gale Game of Cricket 51   The principal innkeeper and a few good local players inaugurated occasionally good out and home matches, in the same season.
1916   E. F. Benson David Blaize iv. 60   The home team took the visitors off to the dormitories to put on their flannels.
1969   Listener 3 Apr. 473/3   The factual conclusion is that if Arsenal had fouled more in these two home games (amongst others), they might have won them.
1972   Oxf. Mail 15 Feb. 12/6   Carlisle dropped an unexpected home point last weekend.
1993   Washington Post 31 Dec. g9/2   It was nevertheless another home win against an in-state opponent.
1997   Boxing News 19 Dec. 13/3   Jones and Palacio go at it, with the Cardiff man a slight favourite if only because of home advantage.

1826—1997(Hide quotations)

 

 5. N. Amer. Designating the administrative centre of an organization; of or belonging to a head office.Recorded earliest in home office n. 2.

1840   Documents accompanying Jrnl. Senate Michigan II. 407   The whole amount of notes engraved for the home office, is $855,939 00. The amount charged to the branch, to be deducted therefrom, is $184,900 00.
1896   Weekly Underwriter 7 Mar. 161/2   It is obviously impossible for a company organized in the United States to maintain a deposit in every state of the Union. It is sufficient if an ample deposit be made by it in its home department.
1912   System Jan. 80   Back of this home staff there is a still larger field organization.
1985   N. Johnson Tender Offer 62   ‘He wanted to know how I'd feel about it if you worked for The Firm too, though not necessarily at the home branch’ (the main office on Wall Street).
2004   P. H. Peck Journey of Ordinary Karateka 61   We were notified by the Ohio organization that a major promotional event was to take place at the home headquarters.

1840—2004(Hide quotations)

 

 6. Sport and Games. Of, relating to, or situated at or near home (sense A. 9a).Recorded earliest in home stretch n.; cf. also home base n. 1, home plate n., home run n., etc.

1841   Daily Picayune (New Orleans) 19 Jan. 1/6   At the head of the home stretch Cowboy overtook him and..beat him out by a length.
1845   N. Wanostrocht Felix on Bat ii. i. 24   You have only to adopt the attitude of the Home-block, and, as your body recedes, turn the face of the bat inwards.
1895   Pall Mall Gaz. 15 Oct. 9/1   In the new order of things this first hole has become the last or home hole.
1909   J. H. Bancroft Games for Playground 69   This marks the safety point or home goal for the besiegers.
2009   R. Carlisle Encycl. Play I. 56/2   Once the player has moved all of his or her pieces to the home area, he or she then bears off the pieces by moving them off the board.

1841—2009(Hide quotations)

 

Phrases

 P1. In adverbial phrases.
 a. at home.

 (a) At or in one's house or abode. Also in figurative contexts.Cf. at home adj. Additions, stay-at-home adj. and n.
 

eOE (Kentish)   Charter: Oswulf & Beornðryð to Christ Church, Canterbury (Sawyer 1188) in F. E. Harmer Sel. Eng. Hist. Docs. 9th & 10th Cent. (1914) 2   Of higna gemęnum godum ðaer aet ham, mon geselle cxx gesuflra hlafa to aelmessan.
OE   West Saxon Gospels: Luke (Corpus Cambr.) ix. 61   Læt me æryst hit cyþan þam ðe æt ham [OE Lindisf. æd ham, OE Rushw. æt huse; L. domi] synt .
c1175  (▸OE)    Ælfric Homily (Bodl. 343) in S. Irvine Old Eng. Homilies (1993) 22   Min cnapæ lið æt ham al on paralisim.
a1225  (c1200)    Vices & Virtues (1888) 79   Hie sitteð at ham and ne hauen ðarof non Ȝeswink.
?a1300   Iacob & Iosep (Bodl.) (1916) l. 64 (MED)   Þis breþren wendeþ afeld to witen here fe, Ac Iosep leuede at hom.
c1300   St. Margarete (Harl.) l. 180 in O. Cockayne Seinte Marherete (1866) 29   Þe were betere habbe bileued atom.
a1387   J. Trevisa tr. R. Higden Polychron. (St. John's Cambr.) (1872) IV. 289   Þere were meny men þat hadde at home [?a1475 anon tr. at their places; L. domi] suche bookes.
1484   Caxton tr. Subtyl Historyes & Fables Esope 11   A lytyl catte which she hadde at home.
?1504   W. Atkinson tr. Thomas à Kempis Ful Treat. Imytacyon Cryste (Pynson) i. xx. 168   To byde at whome.
1509   Kynge Rycharde Cuer du Lyon (de Worde) sig. A.vv   At home ne dwelled neuer one On forfeyture on lyfe and londe.
1573   J. Sanford tr. L. Guicciardini Hours Recreat. (1576) 220   When the Catte is not at home, the Myce daunce.
a1625   J. Fletcher Wit without Money (1639) v. sig. H3   Charity and beating begins at home.
1667   S. Pepys Diary 12 July (1974) VIII. 333   My wife in a dogged humour for my not dining at home.
1711   R. Steele Spectator No. 24. ⁋6   The Misfortune of never finding one another at home.
1775   E. Foot Diary in L. Ulrich Age of Homespun (2001) vi. 219   I stay'd at home & finish'd Molly's Worsted Stockings and fix'd two Gowns for Welch's Girls.
1796   C. Burney Mem. Life Metastasio I. 70   A sure sign that your head is at home.
1820   W. Irving Sketch Bk. (new ed.) I. 39   There is still a little world of love at home, of which he is the monarch.
1824   J. Carey Lasting Impressions I. xix. 366   You have a good memory, when it's at home: but you give it lave of absence now and then.
1841   Dickens Old Curiosity Shop i. vi. 112   There was only Mrs. Quilp at home.
1923   G. S. Mason in B. C. Williams O. Henry Prize Stories 1923 (1924) 159   This was her evening at home with her unstimulating family.
1971   ‘G. Charles’ Destiny Waltz vi. 245   I've tried to convey to you a little of what his life was like as a boy. It hadn't altered much. He was still living at home.
2008   P. Hensher Northern Clemency 571   If it was raining as hard as this in Tottenham, then Harold would have stayed at home; he wouldn't be out causing trouble.

eOE—2008(Hide quotations)

 

 (b) In one's own neighbourhood, town, region, or country; in one's native land; opposed to abroad. Also: in the country of one's ancestors, in the mother country (see note at sense A. 5).

eOE   tr. Orosius Hist. (BL Add.) (1980) i. x. 30   Hie heora here on tu todældon; oþer æt ham beon heora lond to healdanne, oðer ut faran to winnanne.
OE   Ælfric Old Test. Summary: Maccabees (Julius) in W. W. Skeat Ælfric's Lives of Saints (1900) II. 120   Þa englas..heton hine cyðan, on his cyððe æt ham, Godes wundor on him.
?c1200   Ormulum (Burchfield transcript) l. 3543   Illc mann shollde cumenn ham. Inn till hiss aȝhenn birde. Forr þær to reccnenn till þe king. An pening..& tatt mann shollde hiss name þær. Att hame o write settenn.
c1275  (?a1200)    Laȝamon Brut (Calig.) (1963) l. 1219   Guendoleine he sende into hire fader londe..Þa wæs Guendoleine at hame [c1300 Otho atom]..heo hit mænde to alle monnen.
c1325   in R. H. Robbins Hist. Poems 14th & 15th Cent. (1959) 9 (MED)   Betere hem were at home in huere londe Þen forte seche flemmysshe by þe see stronde.
c1405  (c1387–95)    Chaucer Canterbury Tales Prol. (Hengwrt) (2003) l. 514   He..dwelte at hoom, and kepte wel his foolde.
c1450  (?a1400)    Wars Alexander (Ashm.) l. 148   Men of his burȝ..he by-hind him at hame withoute hede leuyd.
c1540  (?a1400)    Destr. Troy 9337   Oure buernes..þat might haue leuet in hor lond, as lordes at hame.
1548   Hall's Vnion: Edward IV f. cxcvv   That he then myght do at his pleasure, bothe at home and in outward parties.
1597   Shakespeare Richard III i. i. 136   No newes so bad abroad as this at home .  
1617   F. Moryson Itinerary iii. 9   The most ancient Lawgivers, got the experience, by which they had rule in their Cities, not by secure study at home, but by adventurous travels abroad.
1678   N. Wanley Wonders Little World v. i. §93. 467/2   Unfortunate in his Wars at home and abroad.
1751   in J. F. Hageman Hist. Princeton (1879) I. 59   The administration of his Excellency..has been disadvantageously represented to the ministry at home.
1776   A. Smith Inq. Wealth of Nations II. iv. ii. 52   A capricious man of fashion might sometimes prefer foreign wares..to cheaper and better goods of the same kind that were made at home.
1861   T. Gilbert N.Z. Settlers & Soldiers 33   The..cliffs of Mokau..call to mind the chalk cliffs of dear old England—Beachy Head, and other favourite localities at ‘home’.
1873   C. Robinson New S. Wales 105   To all who are struggling to get on at home and yet can hardly keep their heads above the water..we say..come out to this Land of Plenty.
1884   Daily News 5 Feb. 4/8   Everything..done by the Government at home and abroad.
1908   E. J. Banfield Confessions of Beachcomber i. ii. 77   Australians cannot with justice complain when the good old folks at home blunder..the while..so much local misapprehension prevails.
1969   B. Rubens Elected Member iv. 47   And suddenly, others had become like him, as it was at home, with the same clothes and language, with the same shops, the same struggle.
1971   Ebony Aug. 51/1   Blacks should stay where they are and improve conditions at home. We should not seek to escape by fleeing to other regions of the country.
2009   N.Y. Times (National ed.) 7 June (Travel section) 8/3   You can buy Italian wines abroad for much less than at home.

eOE—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 (c)

 (i) At ease as if in one's own home; in one's element; familiar or conversant with; well versed in.Cf. at home n. Derivatives.

c1400  (?a1387)    Langland Piers Plowman (Huntington HM 137) (1873) C. xi. l. 28 (MED)   He [sc. Dowel] ys nat alway at hom among [Vesp. a-tom wiþ] ȝow Freres.
1531   Tyndale Answere Mores Dialoge f. lvii   The mayde was at home also in heuenly pleasures.
1548   Hall's Vnion: Richard III f. xxxjv   In his custodye, where he might recon hym self at home.
1677   Earl of Orrery Treat. Art of War 15   More at home, and at ease, and safety.
1787   ‘G. Gambado’ Acad. Horsemen 32   Supposing you are now at home enough on horseback, to ride out alone.
1798   F. Asbury Jrnl. 18 Jan. (1821) II. 368   I went from the place where I had stayed six weeks, and had received every mark of affection, to brother Drumgold's, ten miles. I felt at home here also.
1841   Dickens Old Curiosity Shop i. vi. 114   That kind of acting had been rendered familiar to him by long practice, and he was quite at home in it.
1878   R. B. Smith Carthage 376   In politics he does not seem to have been at home.
1885   J. Ruskin Præterita I. v. 171   More at home on the hills than in the counting-house.
1908   R. Bagot Anthony Cuthbert xxiii. 293   She had evidently learned the language from servants and was, therefore, not quite at home with her h's.
1974   B. Friel Freedom of City i. 56   If you ask me he's more at home with the hooligans, out throwing stones and burning shops!
2008   N.Y. Times (National ed.) 6 Jan. (Oscars Suppl.) 26/1   When a day player or a supporting actor comes on the set, one of her jobs is to welcome them and make them feel at home.

c1400—2008(Hide quotations)

 
 

 (ii) to make oneself at home : to behave as if in one's own home; to make oneself comfortable; to settle in. Frequently in the imperative as an injunction to guests.

a1602   W. Perkins Cloud of Faithfull Witnesses (1607) (Heb. xi. 9) 205   Abraham made himselfe a stranger at home to auoide Idolatry; but they will make themselues at home in a strange Country, to intangle themselues in Idolatry.
1786   tr. P. J.-B. Legrand d'Aussy Tales 12th & 13th Cent. I. 93   Lay down your hat, and take a seat. I desire you will make yourself at home.
1842   Bentley's Misc. July 12   According to the worthy man's hearty invitation, I proceeded to make myself and my companions at home.
1860   W. Gordon Dearest Mamma 11   Pray make yourselves at home, gentlemen.
1944   M. Laski Love on Supertax viii. 77   Make yourself at home, and I'll just wet the tea-leaves.
1952   Good Housek. (U.S. ed.) Dec. 127/1   When we arrived there all the guys was already making themselves at home in the living room. The joint was jumping.
2002   I. Knight Don't you want Me? ii. 26   ‘Righty-ho,’ says Felicity in her jolly Sloane tones. ‘That's the intros over and done with. Make yourself at home, Stella.’

a1602—2002(Hide quotations)

 

 (d) Prepared to receive visitors; available to callers or a particular caller. Frequently used as a formula for inviting company to an informal reception. Now chiefly hist.Cf. at home n., not at home adv.

1691   W. Mountfort Greenwich-Park i. iii. 10   Be courteous to all Men; borrow of most Men, and pay no Man; always at home to their Whores, and ever abroad to their Creditors.
1752   H. Fielding Amelia IV. xi. iii. 147   His Wife soon afterwards began to keep an Assembly, or in the fashionable Phrase, to be at home once a Week.
1760   C. Johnstone Chrysal II. i. i. 7   Turning to the footman, ‘I thought, sirrah (said she), that I was not to be at home this evening!’
1850   Thackeray Pendennis II. iii. 28   The Marchioness of Steyne would be at home to Mr. Arthur Pendennis upon a given day.
1880   Etiq. of Good Soc. 103   In the country a bride's first appearance in church is taken as a sign that she is ‘At home’.
1883   J. Hatton in Harper's Mag. Nov. 830/2   The President makes it a point to be ‘at home’ on Sunday afternoons.
1927   E. A. Robinson Tristram vi. 111   If you were anyone else alive I might not always be at home to you, Or to your bland particularities.
1972   G. Holden tr. É. Zola Nana 318   She gave him to understand that he must never come in the morning, but only between four and six in the afternoon..because that was when she was at home to visitors.
1991   M. Johnston Houston (1994) 111/2   Mrs. Rufus Cage, Mrs. E. W. Hutchinson, Mrs. R. E. Bering, and Mrs. J. M. Bering all chose to be at home on Wednesdays. Mrs. Charles Dillingham was at home on Thursday.

1691—1991(Hide quotations)

 

(e) Cribbage. Of a player: having more than the average number of points at the end of a deal or pair of deals; see quot. 1877. Obsolete.

1791   ‘A. Pasquin’ Treat. Game Cribbage iii. 68   He is certainly at home if he makes his next deal within fifteen points of the game.
1796   C. Jones Hoyle's Games Impr. 294   By attending to the above Calculation any Player may judge whether he is at Home or not.
1837   G. Walker Cribbage Player's Text-bk. vi. 89   The non-dealer being so nearly at home for his next deal, may break his hand, in order to throw a powerful baulk into his adversary's crib.
1877   Encycl. Brit. VI. 577/1   Each player ought to reckon slightly over six in hand and play and five in crib, or seventeen and a half in two deals to be at home. A player who scores more than the average and leaves his adversary six or seven points in arrear is safe at home. When at home it is best to play off; when the adversary is safe at home it is best to play on.

1791—1877(Hide quotations)

 

 (f) Sport. On a team's own ground, or in their own region or country. Sometimes with to and the name of the opposing team. Opposed to away. Cf. sense B. 4.

1833   New Sporting Mag. Sept. 326   The first match Dorset won—‘at home’.
1869   Times 25 Sept. 4/6   The custom is to play the rules of the club upon whose ground the game is played, and the consequence is that the club playing at home generally wins.
1898   Football Tel. (Kettering) 1 Jan. 3/2   Last season,..a splendid victory was achieved at home, the locals winning by 2 goals to 0.
1930   Daily Tel. 5 Dec. 20/3   Clapton Orient, ‘at home’ to Luton Town at Highbury.
1958   Baseball Digest Aug. 72/1   The third-place Phillies of 1900 won 45 and lost only 23 at home, while compiling a poor 30-40 mark while away.
2001   C. Glazebrook Madolescents 210   The red and white scarves mean the Magpies are playing at home to Sunderland.
2010   Calgary (Alberta) Sun (Nexis) 22 June s11   Mexico is better but South Africa is at home, and the point in the standings will jazz the host nation.

1833—2010(Hide quotations)

 

 (g) colloq. when it's (also he's, she's, etc.) at home: used in interrogative phrases expressing (frequently scornful) doubt or a query about the identity of a person or thing.

1845   C. Lever St. Patrick's Eve 95   ‘And who is Mr. Lucas when he's at home?’ said Owen, half-sneeringly.
1888   R. Kipling Taking Lungtungpen in Plain Tales from Hills 99   You..dimonstrate to my frind here, where your frinds are whan they're at home?
1889   Jrnl. Jurispr. 33 631   ‘And what room is this when it's at home?’ inquired Binks.
1930   J. B. Priestley Angel Pavement ii. 64   ‘And we can't all look like Mr. Ronald Mawlborough either.’ ‘Who's he when he's at home?’ Mr. Smeeth inquired.
1960   R. Collier House called Memory viii. 112   Peachy? I have no idea what you mean. What's that when it's at home?
2001   J. Coe Rotters' Club (2002) 142   ‘Quick and easy crossword’. I ask you! I mean, what's a ‘condition of perfect bliss’, when it's at home?

1845—2001(Hide quotations)

 
 b. from home.

 (a) Away from one's house or abode; not at home; abroad. Now somewhat arch.  [Quot. 1573   shows a misapprehension of Italian di casaccio ‘at random’ ( < di  de prep.   + casaccio   randomness, haphazardness (a1541; < caso  case n.1   + -accio  , suffix forming nouns with pejorative connotation)), as if derived < casa   house (see casino n.).]

c1225  (?c1200)    Sawles Warde (Bodl.) (1938) 4   Ne bið neauer his hus for þeos hinen wel iwist for hwon þet he slepe oðer ohwider from hame [Royal fare from hame], þet is hwen mon forȝet his wit.
c1300   St. Katherine (Harl.) l. 177 in C. D'Evelyn & A. J. Mill S.-Eng. Legendary (1956) 539 (MED)   Þemperour fram home was afare.
a1387   J. Trevisa tr. R. Higden Polychron. (St. John's Cambr.) (1871) III. 461   We beeþ nouȝt at home in þis worlde, but from home and gistes; we come nouȝt to dwelle here, but to wende hens.
a1400  (a1325)    Cursor Mundi (Vesp.) l. 3350   Ysaac was not fra hame.
c1450  (?a1400)    Wars Alexander (Ashm.) l. 461   Now hafe I..all to lange lengid fra hame.
1526   C. Mery Talys f. xiiv   Sirra I vnderstand that thou dost ly euery night with with my wyfe when I am from home.
1573   J. Sanford tr. L. Guicciardini Hours Recreat. (1576) 223   I come from home [It. vengo di casaccio], that is, I neither winne nor lose.
1618   J. Taylor Pennyles Pilgr. in Wks. (1883) 27   Her husband being from home.
1672   R. Townley Let. 15 Aug. in H. Oldenburg Corr. (1973) IX. 212   I have of late beene so much from home yt I could not attend ye successe of my water bellows.
1738   Johnson London 225   Sign your will, before you sup from home.
1796   J. Moser Hermit of Caucasus I. 238   He was continually from home, running from one house to another.
1816   J. Wilson City of Plague ii. ii. 15   I have been kept from home, beyond my promised hour.
1886   M. W. Hungerford Green Pleasure & Grey Grief III. vi. 113   Having run away from home.
1886   R. L. Stevenson Strange Case Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde 23   ‘You will not find Dr. Jekyll; he is from home,’ replied Mr. Hyde.
1946   D. Du Maurier King's Gen. iv. 37   It showed want of delicacy to come here asking to see me when my brothers are from home.
2003   N. Barr Flashback (2004) 318   For young men not long from home there was no person more reassuring than a woman their mothers' age.

c1225—2003(Hide quotations)

 
 

(b) Ill at ease; out of one's element. Cf. at home at Phrases 1a(c)(i). Obsolete.

1740   H. Bracken Farriery Improv'd (ed. 2) II. ii. 77   You are never from Home, if you have such a Horse under you.
1870   T. Purnell in C. Lamb Compl. Corr. & Wks. I. p. xxiv   He was from home with formal and conventional people. The friends he most cherished were men who had some individuality of character.

1740—1870(Hide quotations)

 

 c. near home: near one's house, neighbourhood, country, etc. Frequently fig.: close to one's own affairs or concerns; affecting, or so as to affect, one closely or personally. Cf. close (also near) to home at Phrases 10.

1525   Ld. Berners tr. J. Froissart Cronycles II. cx. f. cxxiiiv/2   Nowe I wyll speke of matters nerer home.
1565   T. Harding Confut. Apol. Church of Eng. i. v. f. 13v   To come neare home, Ioan of Kent that filth, who tooke forth a lesson further then ye taught her (I trowe) or yet preach, was she a syster of yours?
1577   W. Harrison Descr. Eng. (1878) iii. ii. ii. 13   Peradventure we might haue found the same neerer home.
1657   S. Purchas Theatre Flying-insects xxv. 166   No wonder if hee were a stranger abroad that was ignorant of Countries near home.
1667   N. Fairfax Let. 5 Dec. in H. Oldenburg Corr. (1967) IV. 14   I doubt ye busines lyes deep nearer home.
1709   Refl. Sacheverell's Serm. 22   The Dr. ought to look nearer home.
1791   Gentleman's Mag. Mar. 217/1   That village, which, I am persuaded, would afford much gratification to the Antiquaries, as perhaps it has been a path untrodden by being too near home.
1819   London Literary Gaz. 25 Sept. 622/1   To turn a Scot into ridicule is coming too near home, it might by a ricochet, and by a recoiling action, light upon himself.
1875   B. Jowett in tr. Plato Dialogues (ed. 2) III. 167   There are whole countries too, such as India, or, nearer home, Ireland.
1925   B. Vanzetti Let. 31 July in Lett. Sacco & Vanzetti (1997) ii. ii. 166   The picture of the moccasin flowers are beautiful. I saw and plucked some on a hill near home in Plymouth, Mass.
1954   C. P. Snow New Men iv. xxviii. 206   ‘Don't you like extravagant people?’ she asked. ‘Yes,’ I said. ‘Unless it comes too near home.’
2009   H. Mantel Wolf Hall ii. ii. 69   Nearer home, his own sister Margaret..divorced her second husband and remarried.

1525—2009(Hide quotations)

 

 d. regional (chiefly U.S.). to home: at home.

1795   B. Dearborn Columbian Gram. 139   Improprieties, commonly called Vulgarisms..[include] To home for At home.
1833   J. Neal Down-easters I. 62   When he's to home..he's match for gab with anybody 't ever you come across.
1868   F. P. Verney Stone Edge ii   I'm main sorry Master Broom ain't to home.
1873   ‘S. Coolidge’ What Katy Did (U.K. ed.) xii. 222   'Tain't every girl would know how to take care of a fat old woman, and make her feel to home.
1910   Dial. Notes 3 450   [Western New York] Is your father to home?
1972   J. Gores Dead Skip (1973) viii. 52   White meat don't turn me on. I got Maybelle and four cute kids to home.
2007   J. Clinch Finn i. 11   I expect that woman of yours ain't to home, you running around like that.

1795—2007(Hide quotations)

 
 

 e. back home: (with reference to a place that a person has temporarily or permanently left) where a person is from; at home.

1862   E. L. Blanchard Cherry & Fair Star ii. 8   So you'd brush, eh, would you, miss, back home?
1891   B. E. Fernow What is Forestry? iv. 48   The Eastern man who..plants a few shade trees in front of his Dakota sod shanty, hoping that they will grow as they do ‘back home’.
1903   Newark (Ohio) Advocate 23 Mar. 7/2   Each of the six friends back home wrote to me.
1965   E. Gruening in C. L. Lokke Klondike Saga p. xi   To their communities back home the rushers sent accounts of their experiences, which were willingly published by their local newspapers.
2006   T. Anderson Riding Magic Carpet (2008) iv. 127   The take-off was interesting—exactly the same whitewater scramble as that of the Severn Bore back home.

1862—2006(Hide quotations)

 
 P2. Phrases (many proverbial) expressing love or affection for one's own home, home country, etc.
 

a. home is homely . Obsolete.

1546 [see sense A. 2b].
1611   R. Cotgrave Dict. French & Eng. Tongues at Pouvoir   When all is done home's homelie.
a1656   Bp. J. Hall Shaking of Olive-tree (1660) 204   We are ready to say, Home is homely, and our heart is there, though our bodies be away.
1840   M. Moffat Let. 25 Nov. in J. S. Moffat Lives R. & M. Moffat (1888) xxiii. 230   I long for my own home, for though loaded with the kindness of friends, and welcome everywhere, still home is homely!
1856   Pop. Lecturer New Ser. 1 314   Those two classes adopt two different forms of a very old proverb, which sets forth that home is home, be it ever so homely. One class adopts that, but the other is rather disposed to say, that home is homely, be it ever so homely.

1546—1856(Hide quotations)

 
 

 b. home is home .

1600 [see sense A. 2b].
1725   I. Watts Logick ii. i. 228   There are some Propositions, wherein the Terms of the Subject and Predicate seem to be the same, yet the Ideas are not the same;..such as, Home is Home; that is, Home is a convenient or delightful Place.
1845   E. T. Clapp Stud. in Relig. 217   The first essential of true home is, that it be our own: ‘home is home’, is the inspired song of the affections.
1897   A. B. Bruce Providential Order of World v. 124   Home is home in all the centuries.
1943   Boys' Life Oct. 5/3   I'll find..my bed in the room above, or the place where the bed once stood, if the Japanese haven't taken it away or destroyed it. No matter. Home is home.
2010   K. Giffin Few Yards Shy of Heaven xii. 137   ‘Boy, we're two and oh. You sure you wanna be leavin' now?’ ‘Two and oh, or ten wins and no loses... Home is home.’

1600—2010(Hide quotations)

 
 

 c. home sweet home.

a1699   J. Beaumont Orig. Poems Eng. & Lat. (1749) 51   But Home, sweet Home, releaseth me From anxious Joys.
1796   tr. Dulce Domum (song) in Gentleman's Mag. Mar. 209/1   Home, the seat of joy and pleasure, Home, sweet home, inspires our lay!
1800   E. Sandham Trifles 169   Though a ramble of this sort was sometimes pleasant,—‘home—sweet home’, is always welcome.
1822   J. H. Payne (song) (title)    Home, sweet home.
1881   E. H. Hickey Sculptor 60   Home, sweet home! at last, in the own country.
1901   H. F. Gordon Ocean Heroes xi. 161   So the returned invalid, with the words tenderly whispered, ‘Home, sweet home,’ started by train, and arrived safely at the Rectory.
1963   A. Baraka Blues People vii. 88   The bee gets the honey and brings it to the comb, Else he's kicked out of his home sweet home.
1991   C. Hiaasen Native Tongue xx. 171   Carrie turned a corner into a trailer park, and coasted the car to the end of a narrow gravel lane. ‘Home sweet home,’ she said.

a1699—1991(Hide quotations)

 
 

 d. (there's) no place like home .

1810   ‘Piomingo’ Savage ix. 114   Home at last—quite exhausted—no place like home.
1822   J. H. Payne Home, Sweet Home (song)    Be it ever so humble, there's no place like home.
1874   Times 27 June 11/2   Many who are incurable have kind friends and families willing..to nurse them at home. For such, we admit,: ‘there is no place like home’.
1946   I. Gershwin Paris (FR.) (song) in Lyrics on Several Occasions (1959) 74   Don't mention Tripoli, London or Rome; Sing out hip-hippily: No place like home!
1955   L. P. Hartley Perfect Woman xiv. 136   When he said, ‘There's no place like home, is there?’ her thoughts did not wince at this obvious remark.
2002   No Depression July 59/2   Her friendship with Marr made her realize there's no place like home. ‘I was really getting ungrounded... I really need my home right now.’

1810—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 P3. fig. to call (a person) home .
 

a. Of God: to call (a person) back to faith or a virtuous life. Obsolete.

1580   Second & Third Blast Plaies To Rdr. sig. A.iv   The Lord of his goodnes hath called him home; so that he did not so much delight in plaies in times past, but he doth as much detest them now, and is hartilie sorie that euer he was such an instrument to set vice afloate.
1612   J. Mason Anat. Sorcerie 52   He..had seen that the Lord had alwaies called him home againe into the right way by aduersity and troubles.
1612   J. Boys Autumne Part 68   Such a Gallant Augustine was in his vnruly youth, vntill almightie God effectually called him home by a voyce from heauen, crying..Take the booke and reade.

1580—1612(Hide quotations)

 

 b. Of God, death, etc.: to bring the earthly life of (a person) to an end. Frequently in passive: to enter the afterlife, to die. Cf. sense A. 3.

a1674   J. Janeway Token for Children (1676) 18   After she had done a great deal of work for God and her own soul, and others too, she was called home to rest, and received into the arms of Jesus before she was ten years old.
a1732   T. Boston Memoirs (1776) vi. 62   I judged them happy, who, having done their work in the vineyard, were called home, and not made to see the dishonour done to God amongst us.
1774   Royal Amer. Mag. Feb. 45/1   Scarce a cloud intercepted the rays of his felicity, until the partner of his soul was called home to her native skies.
1806   Evangelical Mag. Oct. 473/2   His death..was very quick..;—his heavenly Father called him home; and he was well prepared to meet his God.
1841   Huron Reflector (Norwalk, Ohio) 20 Mar. 1/1   Death called him home, and left his disconsolated wife a widow.
1899   Interior (Chicago) 19 Jan. 96/1   It seemed not death, but peaceful sleep, so gently did it come. When Jesus called him home.
1911   Bull. Chicago Med. Soc. 23 Dec. 2   He took up the scalpel, never to lay it down until the Great Physician called him home.
1989   G. H. W. Bush in Independent (Nexis) 25 Apr. (Foreign News section) 10   We will not, cannot, as long as we live, know why God has called them home.
2002   Indian Country Today (Rapid City, S. Dakota) 14 Aug. b3/2   Frederick Earl S—..returned to his Heavenly Father on July 29... Fred was called home quickly and unexpectedly with a massive heart attack.

a1674—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 

 P4. charity begins at home: see charity n. 9.

 
 

 P5. England, home, and beauty: see England n. Phrases 2.

 
 

 P6. a woman's place is in the home: see woman n. Phrases 1f.

 
 

 P7. an Englishman's (also man's) home is his castle: see castle n. Additions.

 
 

 P8. home is where the heart is and variants: the place with which one has the strongest emotional connection is the place that one regards as home.

1829   Mountaineer (Greenville, S. Carolina) 21 Feb. (title of poem)    'Tis home where the heart is.
1857   J. T. Bickford Scandal xxi. 235   ‘Describe me a home, Willie.’ ‘Well, I should say, a woman of Kate Bently's appearance—’ ‘Nay, I said not a wife, but a home.’ ‘Home is where the heart is, Katie.’
1922   R. D. Paine Roads of Adventure xxxix. 398   This cheerful, kindly, gray-haired man and his motherly wife said they liked the desert. Perhaps it was because their faces hinted that home is where the heart is.
1976   Times 5 Aug. 7/7   Home is where the heart is, and we should be grateful to those who are prepared to put their hearts abroad for a while on behalf of the rest of us.
2009   C. Harrison Head over Heel 236   I found it interesting that, even after fifteen years, she still used the word ‘home’ to describe England rather than Italy. If home is where the heart is, it suggested hers lay elsewhere.

1829—2009(Hide quotations)

 

 P9. home (away) from home : a place where one is as happy, relaxed, or comfortable as in one's own home; esp. one providing homelike accommodation or amenities.

1866   Anglo-Amer. Times 19 May 7/3   He cannot too strongly recommend as ‘a home from home’ the Waverley Temperance Hotels.
1873   All Year Round 27 Sept. 520/1   Peaceable and quiet. A home away from home.
1907   Daily Chron. 30 Nov. 3/3   The British man is a clubbable animal, and doesn't mind paying handsomely for his ‘home from home’.
c1926   ‘Mixer’ Transport Workers' Song Bk. 21   It's like a home-away-from-home.
1962   Guardian 6 Oct. 12/4   The idea is to provide a ‘home from home’ atmosphere for boys between 16 and 19.
1997   Baltimore Mag. Aug. 42/1   A good café is a home away from home.
2010   Coarse Fisherman Apr. 57/2   The Emperor 8-leg bedchair really is home from home for the carp angler.

1866—2010(Hide quotations)

 
 

 P10. close (also near) to home : (fig.) so as to affect one personally; (so as to be) unsettlingly applicable to oneself.

1889   Southern Dental Jrnl. 8 70   The next thought, gentlemen, comes closer to home... Are we armed, equipped and ready to impart the knowledge and properly instruct the people? I am afraid not.
1905   Sunset Feb. 430/2   Our satiro-parodist strikes the reading public very close to home, dealing out quips and quizzes without favor or fear.
1959   Boston Daily Globe 24 June 22/8   I wonder, too, if the picture of the young people of Japan searching for something to believe in,..was not, also, rather close to home.
1978   Times 12 Aug. 13   It [sc. the Liberal party] has nothing of importance to say to anyone if it starts fine tuning on its basic principles when they come a little too near to home.
2001   J. A. Brown Black Superheroes, Milestone Comics, & their Fans iv. 123   The negative stereotypes..that some of the older readers..feel hit rather close to home at times.

1889—2001(Hide quotations)

 
 

 P11. to be home to : to be the abode or location of; to accommodate, house.

1894   Times 2 Apr. 6/2   A territory which embraces 30,570 square miles, and is home to a population of 1,150,000, 689,000 of whom are negroes.
1945   Pop. Mech. Sept. 45/1   It [sc. Winslow] is home to a fleet of 68 main line Diesel-electric freight engines.
1972   Hunting & Fishing in Michigan 1/2   Forests and dense bushy areas are home to Ruffed Grouse, or ‘Pats’.
1989   Ski Nov. 44 e/1   In addition to its ultraexpert terrain, Mt. Mansfield is home to another whole world of skiing.
2009   J. A. Coyne Why Evol. is True iv. 110   St. Helena, though lacking many groups of insects, is home to dozens of species of small, flightless beetles, especially wood weevils.

1894—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 

 P12. to wash one's dirty linen at home: see wash v. 2c.

 

 P13. orig. U.S. you can't go home again: it is impossible to return to the way things used to be; change is inevitable.

a1938   T. Wolfe You can't go Home Again (1940) iii. 324   They did not know that you can't go home again. America had come to the end of something, and to the beginning of something else.
1969   N.Y. Mag. 7 Apr. 54/1   Okay. So you can't go home again. But it's sort of nice just to take a stroll around the old neighborhood, even though admittedly it's not the same.
1989   A. C. Bredahl New Ground viii. 127   Clyde discovers the obvious, that you can't go home again; but his act of return initiates the process of ‘stock taking’ that enables him to abandon nostalgia.
2009   Daily Tel. (Nexis) 12 Aug. 12   The Americans have a phrase for it: you can't go home again. Once you leave, that is it. There are few second and even fewer third acts in the life of an international sportsman.

a1938—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 

 P14. to play away from home: see play v. 14g.

 

Compounds

 C1.
 a. Objective (chiefly in sense A. 2a). Cf. home-keeping adj., homemaker n., etc.
 

  home-lover   n.

1664   Duchess of Newcastle CCXI Sociable Lett. xxiii. 43   Houshold Friends for the most part are Home-lovers, that is, the He-friend makes love to the Wife, or the She-friend is Courted by the Husband.
1833   Tourist 5 May 323/1   That fire-side luxury, with which every domestic endearment has associated itself in the English character, has rendered the people a sort of home-lovers, unmindful in their state.
1933   S. Walker Night Club Era 279   It is Caspar Milquetoast, home-lover, bridge-player, and fine fellow, who has put himself on the spot.
1999   Independent on Sunday 21 Mar. i. 4/1   There have been other attempts recently to transform the image of White Van Man from lout to homelover.

1664—1999(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-loving adj.

1799   Gentleman's Mag. May 396/2   The amiable and home-loving Mr. Cracherode was, however, one who frequented the literary coffee-house juxta the Mewsgate.
1856   R. W. Emerson Eng. Traits xviii. 298   Truth in private life, untruth in public, marks these home-loving men.
1902   Westm. Gaz. 3 June 1/2   The Boer is, above all things, a home-loving man.
1990   Take Break 8 Sept. 24/5   Maybe he's just a home-loving guy who doesn't like the bright lights.

1799—1990(Hide quotations)

 
 

  homeowner   n.

1850   Milwaukee (Wisconsin) Sentinel & Gaz. 3 Jan.   There are hundreds of men in this city anxious to be home owners, but are unable to do so, because the vacant lots in this city are monopolized by a few.
1945   G. Nelson & H. N. Wright Tomorrow's House xvii. 203/1   There are almost 35,000,000 dwellings in the United States. Maybe you own one of them... To the homeowner who is intrigued by..tomorrow's house, several possibilities are open besides..selling the roof over his head.
2006   Sydney Morning Herald 6 May 4/1   A growing band of Sydney home owners..are facing negative equity as property prices sag.

1850—2006(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home ownership n.

1884   First Biennial Rep. Bureau Labor Statistics Wisconsin x. 282   These two weak points, the lack of diversified industry and the lack of home ownership, will no longer exist.
1972   Guardian 6 July 24/7   Home ownership in cities averaged 42 per cent.
2006   Daily Tel. 14 Sept. 10/2   First-time buyers are continuing to find ways of getting a toehold on the property ladder, showing just how popular home-ownership is to many young people.

1884—2006(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-owning adj. and n.

1852   D. S. Curtiss Western Portraiture 289   Let us establish and secure as many independent, self home-owning citizens as possible in the nation.
1881   Stevens Point (Wisconsin) Jrnl. 18 June 1/4   The true philosophy of home making and home owning.
1926   Pop. Sci. Monthly July 36/2   The advantage of home owning over renting is variously estimated as equal to four to six months' rent saved.
2005   H. Stretton Austral. Fair v. 122   A rising number of the private landlords of suburban houses are home-owning households themselves.

1852—2005(Hide quotations)

 
 

  homeseeker   n.

1828   E. Atherstone Fall of Nineveh I. 115   Friend-leavers! and home-seekers!
1911   Daily Colonist (Victoria, Brit. Columbia) 1 Apr. 12/1 (advt.)    Pandora Avenue Homeseekers. We have the finest residential buy in Victoria today.
2002   V. Coren & C. Skelton Once more, with Feeling xxii. 159   These eager, probably newlywed, home-seekers are forced to pick their way over rented tripods, lights cables, [etc.].

1828—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 b.
 

 (a) Locative, combining with participles to form adjectives with the sense ‘in one's home country’, ‘at home, esp. as opposed to in a shop, factory, or similar establishment’, as home-dyed, home-formed, home-left, etc. Cf. home-brewed adj., homemade adj., homespun adj., etc.Some of the more established compounds of this type are treated separately at Compounds 1b(b).

eOE   Laws of Ælfred (Corpus Cambr. 173) xlii. 74   Se mon se ðe his gefan hamsittendne wite, þæt he ne feohte, ær ðam he him ryhtes bidde.
OE   Daniel 686   Ða þæt gehogode hamsittende, Meda aldor.., þæt he Babilone abrecan wolde.
1596   W. Warner Albions Eng. (rev. ed.) xii. lxxvi. 310   I wille not aske..why you should home-left Love forgit.
1728   R. Savage Bastard 7   Far be the Guilt of homeshed Blood from All, On whom unsought, embroiling Dangers fall!
1752   M. Browne Sunday Thoughts (new ed.) ii, in Wks. & Rest of Creation 192   If thy Mate, or home-left Family..Thy Visit need, thy lonely Haunts refrain.
a1854   E. Grant Mem. Highland Lady (1988) I. xii. 250   The wives were all in homespun, homedyed linsey woolsey gowns.
1866   ‘G. Eliot’ Felix Holt I. ii. 55   Various home-filled bottles.
1909   Daily Chron. 3 Nov. 9/3   Those determined that loved ones far away shall share in the home-chopped suet, home-stoned raisins and home-beat eggs.
1917   H. E. Bennett School Efficiency xx. 222   Particularly in contending against home-formed and home-encouraged habits of speech is eternal vigilance the price of thoroughness and economy.
1970   Daily Tel. 16 Dec. 12   A house-owning, two-car, fashion-conscious, home-entertaining, overseas-holidaying middle class.
2000   DigitalFoto Oct. 83/1   We used a home-constructed turntable with incremental hash marks around its 360-degree perimeter.

eOE—2000(Hide quotations)

 
 (b)
 

  home-abiding adj.

1812   E. M. Ward Oxoniana viii. 52   Keep regular tenor of his onward pace, Till safe arrived at home-abiding place.
1886   M. Howitt in Good Words 545   The home-abiding poet Whittier.
1987   Acta Sociologica 30 357   There are practically no home-abiding housewives in Estonia.

1812—1987(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-baked adj.

1750   New Aristotle's Master-piece ix. 118   Take of new Cow's milk, and oatmeal tea or barley-water..and with the crumbs of a fine roll or bread (if home baked the better) make it of a proper consistence.
1816   J. Austen Emma II. ix. 186   The finest looking home-baked apples I ever saw in my life.  
1870   J. R. Lowell My Study Windows 251   The home-baked Saxon loaf.
2000   G. Smith in N. Hornby Speaking with Angel 31   And after, fruit pie and custard or cream. A proper, home-baked pie, mind you—none of your tins and packets.

1750—2000(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-based adj.

1920   Christian China May 387   Home-based industry.
1944   Ann. Reg. 1943 8   British and American home-based bombers made..day or night raids.
1995   Sci. Amer. Sept. 93/1   Neighborhood coffee shops and corner cafés have also opened, becoming watering holes where home-based workers socialize and ‘network’.

1920—1995(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-canned adj.

1873   Latter-Day Saints' Memorial Star 24 June 386/2   Let us have home-canned fruits and home-made pickles, by all means.
1979   Gourmet Sept. 48/2   The deadly botulin toxin thrives primarily in improperly home-canned low-acid fruits and vegetables, meat, poultry, and fish.
2008   S. P. Dowdney Putting Up i. 19   A home-canned vegetable is not fresher or better than a store bought fresh one, even one that has traveled thousands of miles over several weeks.

1873—2008(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-consumed adj.

1835   Rep. Select Comm. Hand-loom Weavers' Petitions 27 in Parl. Papers (H.C. 341) XIII. 1   Are not a great part of our home-consumed goods those of the hand-loom?
1904   Westm. Gaz. 27 Dec. 4/3   A considerable proportion of export tonnage besides home-consumed manufactures..is conveyed by horse-drawn vehicles.
2002   F. Tarp et al. Facing Devel. Challenge in Mozambique 103/1   Home-consumed goods are..valued at producer prices, while marketed goods are valued at purchaser prices.

1835—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-cured adj.

1751   London Mag. May 203/2   I have had the goodness of our home-cured herrings.
1863   E. C. Gaskell Cousin Phillis i, in Cornhill Mag. Nov. 619   I handled and weighed in my fancy the home-cured ham.
1959   Good Food Guide 236   Breakfast was home-cured ham, thick, well grilled, with eggs and tomato.
1991   M. C. Blew All but Waltz (2001) 183   She heats a skillet and begins to cook a meal. Home-cured salt pork, home-canned beans and tomatoes.

1751—1991(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-killed adj.

1782   London Courant 23 Mar.   Even of his home-killed mutton and beef, if, by way of regale, he indulges in a joint of it fresh, all the rest is salted.
1906   Daily Chron. 20 Sept. 6/1   Not even an expert could tell the difference between home-bred and home-killed meat unless he were on the spot.
a1978   S. T. Warner One Thing leading to Another (1985) 194   There would be no more..spices to redeem home-killed mutton from the aroma of decay.

1782—a1978(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-produced adj.

1728   J. Browne Seasonable Remarks on Trade 16   Let the Ship be built of home produced Materials or not.
1863   Amer. Agriculturist Sept. 270/3   We found that a large proportion of the families in that State depended mainly upon home-produced sorghum syrup for family sweetening.
1966   Times 28 Mar. (Austral. Suppl.) p. v/6   Home-produced crude oil.
1994   Bon Appétit July 64/1   Dinner and home-produced wines were taken at a long wooden table.

1728—1994(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-raised adj.

1739   Some Thoughts Importance Linnen-manuf. to Ireland 22   It is true, a small Proportion of the home-rais'd Flax comes to the Market.
1866   Rachel's Secr. I. 103   Everything was either home-made or home-raised.
2007   Philadelphia May 206/3   Watching his wife Claudia's nonna cook her own home-raised rabbits every Sunday on the wood stove in her kitchen.

1739—2007(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-reared adj.

1769   Cambr. Mag. Apr. 152/1   Home-rear'd poultry's oft your fare.
1886   Ld. Walsingham & R. Payne-Gallwey Shooting (Badminton Libr. of Sports & Pastimes) I. 3   Home reared birds.
2004   H. Fearnley-Whittingstall River Cottage Meat Bk. ix. 193   The kidneys of my own home-reared pigs, eaten on the day of slaughter, are one of my favourite of all offally treats.

1769—2004(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-saved adj.

1790   J. Naismith Thoughts on Var. Objects Industry pursued in Scotl. ii. v. 243   The advantage was rather in favour of the home saved seed.
1872   Jrnl. Hort. 21 Nov. 399/1   Lord Hawke..says that his own home-saved bulbs have suffered very much, his imported ones not so much.
1939   Times 16 Oct. 2/7   Those who have not any home-saved seeds on hand should order some at once.
2000   Farmers Weekly 18 Feb. 56/4   Most cereal seed is home-saved. But bad lodging in oilseed rape several years ago persuaded them to switch to blends of bought-in varieties which are then mixed.

1790—2000(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-staying adj.

1797   S. T. Coleridge Let. Mar. in Compl. Wks. (1868) III. 602   All my compositions have the same amiable home-staying propensity.
1854   H. D. Thoreau Walden 170   I the home-staying, laborious native.
1905   Daily Chron. 9 June 8/5   The home-staying Englishman.
2004   J. Scott in J. Scott et al. Blackwell Compan. Sociol. of Families vii. 115   A study of ‘homestaying’ children in Norway.

1797—2004(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-woven adj.

1597   H. Lok Ecclesiastes sig. Xviiiv   Such home-wouen robes, such wholesome dyet these.
1888   Cent. Mag. 36 769/1   Home-woven hats, or knitted caps.
2001   L. Ulrich Age of Homespun viii. 281   Country girls wore calico gowns on Sunday and home-woven ‘tyers’ over homemade gowns during the week.

1597—2001(Hide quotations)

 
 c. Similative.
 

  home-sweet adj.

1841   Roberts' Semi-monthly Mag. 15 Mar. 155/1   Thy home-sweet looks of beauty.
1882   H. S. Holland Logic & Life (1885) 216   Its dear shores and home-sweet hills.
1995   W. H. Gass Tunnel (1999) 268   Words, then, gentlemen—not in Mother's homesweet mottoes, but in the miseries of history.

1841—1995(Hide quotations)

 
 

 d. With past participles, forming adjectives with the sense ‘by, with, or to one's home’, as home-begotten, home-rooted, home-tied, etc.

1596   G. Markham Poem of Poems sig. B   Shee of her home-begotten woes bemoanes the wronged case.
1605   M. Drayton Poems sig. Ii5   Home-begotten hate.
1823   T. Moore Fables Holy Alliance 104   Calm, wedded affection, that home-rooted plant.
1853   T. N. Talfourd Castilian iv. iii   We'll ensure one hour of home-fraught comfort.
1897   Daily News 30 Mar. 8/2   Work amongst the home-tied and crippled children of London.
1902   Harper's Mag. Nov. 847/2   And the autumn passed—a smiling, radiant season that was balm to Harriet's home-rooted soul.
1982   M. P. Ryan Empire of Mother (1985) ii. 64   The problem of sending home-sheltered young men and women into an increasingly complex society.
1987   Guardian 11 May 23/7   Mobility can mean the difference between the freedom of an active social life and a lonely hometied existence.
1996   E. D. Hirsch Schools we Need iv. 91   The home-provided background knowledge of advantaged students helps make them quicker and more academically advanced than their less-advantaged classmates.

1596—1996(Hide quotations)

 
 C2. Numerous compounds listed here may equally be interpreted as special uses of Branch B.
 

  home address   n. the address of one's home.

1847   Californian 13 Mar.   The officers or persons belonging to the Squadron, wishing to subscribe for the Californian, by giving us their home address, can have their papers regularly.
1886   M. W. Hungerford Lady Valworth's Diamonds (1888) xxiii. 156   If you will give me his home address.
2002   Police Rev. 2 Aug. 30/3   Inquiries are made in an effort to trace Wilson who is not at his home address.

1847—2002(Hide quotations)

 

  home and contents adj. Insurance designating a policy insuring against damage to or loss of a house or its contents; cf. home insurance n., home contents adj.

1969   Weekly Underwriter 29 Nov. 35/2   It soon became the practice to ask for the customer's home and contents insurance as a condition to provision of coverage for his car.
1980   Daily Gleaner (Kingston, Jamaica) 1 Dec. 9/2 (advt.)    Home and Contents insurance covers everything from your house to the smallest item inside which you consider valuable enough to protect.
2010   Sunshine Coast Daily (Queensland, Austral.) (Nexis) 18 Oct. 8   The requirement an insured dwelling remain occupied was a common inclusion on home and contents policies.

1969—2010(Hide quotations)

 

  home banking   n. orig. U.S. (the use of) a banking facility in which the account holder may carry out banking transactions from home, (now) esp. by means of a home computer, a telephone (cf. telephone banking n.), or through a cable television network.

1955   Mansfield (Ohio) News-Jrnl. (Electronic text) 22 Feb. (advt.)    Enjoy our ‘Red Line Special Bank-By-Mail’ service, providing complete home banking.
1979   Amer. Banker (Nexis) 24 Jan. 8 (headline)    Ultimate growth of home banking awaits resolution of legal & technical issues.
1984   Financial Times 23 Oct. i. 8/6   Mentioning his own company's telebroking service, Mr Baughan said home banking and home broking would soon be linked.
1995   Newsweek 8 May 71/2   A ‘home banking’ empire, a digital dreamland where you'll apply for loans, pay bills and buy mutual funds from your living room with a click of the mouse.

1955—1995(Hide quotations)

 

  home beat   n.  (a) Hunting a huntsman's local beat (beat n.1 11);  (b) a regular beat patrolled by a local police officer; frequently attributive.

1839   Amer. Turf Reg. & Sporting Mag. Sept. 491   Since we have pretty well exhausted our home beats, and I have heard that some ground, about ten miles distant, is in prime order, I have determined to take a try there.
1901   N.Y. Tribune 23 Aug. 12/1 (heading)    Policemen to travel home beats.
1924   Times 12 Aug. 4/6   Owing to the death of Mr. Charles Goring,..a share is offered in this year's shoot of the home beat.
1972   Guardian 8 Nov. 21/1   The five-year-old adoption by the Met of the Accrington home beat scheme that attempted to introduce into the towns the principle of the village policeman.
1994   J. Gierach Dances with Trout (2005) viii. 100   We trudged back to the hut on the Home beat for lunch.
2005   G. Towers Introd. to Urban Housing Design iii. 66   Many local authorities have set up neighbourhood offices to deliver some of their services, while the Police have established ‘Neighbourhood Watch’ and ‘Home Beat’ policing.

1839—2005(Hide quotations)

 

  homebird   n. a domestic bird; a native bird as opposed to one on migration; (chiefly fig.) a person who prefers staying at home to going out or travelling; a homebody.

1703   W. Freke Lingua Tersancta xxix. 186   Home Birds live not out half their time.
1821   A. Moore Sisters II. v. 88   You know we are always home birds, therefore come whenever you can prevail on Lady Wyedale to part with you.
1886   F. W. Robinson Courting Mary Smith II. xx. 101   I was too much of a home-bird to be satisfied with the change.
1902   N. Everitt Broadland Sport xii. 137   The semi-tame home birds should have made their presence known to the migratory fowl.
1994   J. Kelman How Late it Was 160   He wasnay a homebird. He wasnay used to it. So he liked going out, he liked the pub, no just for the bevy, he liked the crack as well.

1703—1994(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home birth   n.  (a) native origin (now rare);  (b) childbirth which takes place at home rather than in a hospital, maternity unit, etc.; an instance of this.

1846   N.Y. Herald 16 Dec. 2/3   It is a disgrace to our public, that they have not turned out en masse to the patronage of such talent of home birth.
1868   Med. Press & Circular 25 Aug. 193/2   The mortality in these hospitals can be compared with that which took place in the remaining 18,992, or the home births, in the Dublin district.
1910   Los Angeles Times 7 Apr. ii. 4/3   We suggest appropriating every idea, whether it is of home birth or of foreign origin.
1922   Booklist Bks. 1921 17   It covers hygiene and diet of pregnancy, clothing, simple and inexpensive preparations for a home birth, and the early care and training of the baby.
2006   M. Wagner Born in USA viii. 193   A woman in the Netherlands having a low-risk pregnancy can choose to give birth at home or in the hospital, but there are significant incentives for choosing home birth.

1846—2006(Hide quotations)

 

  home boarder   n. Brit. a child who lives at home but attends a school where other pupils board; a day boy or girl.

1816   Rep. Sel. Comm. Educ. Lower Orders 271   Some of the boys are boarders, and others come to the school as home-boarders.
1905   H. A. Vachell Hill xi. 228   He wished to educate his only son at Harrow as a ‘Home-Boarder’, or day-boy.
2003   E. R. Lambert Edmund Burke of Beaconsfield iii. 93   As a home boarder at Westminster School he distinguished himself academically.

1816—2003(Hide quotations)

 

  home brand   n. and adj. now chiefly Austral. and New Zealand  (a) n. = own brand n.;  (b) adj. = own brand adj.

1901   San Francisco Chron. 18 Feb. 10/7 (advt.)    Soap. Home brand—buy a box and season hard—reg'ly 6 cakes 25c.
1951   Chester (Pa.) Times 23 Nov. 6/3   The equipment for turning out a home brand, but effective, supply of dynamite sticks.
1960   San Mateo (Calif.) Post 21 Sept. 23/2 (advt.)    Try our delicious home brands, and save money.
1985   Daily Tel. (Sydney) (Nexis) 2 Sept.   Unbranded paints, or home brand paints, from supermarket or hardware chains were often considerably cheaper.
2004   A. Haynes Clean Sweep 56   Home brands at major supermarkets and department stores are usually a cheaper option.
2011   B. J. Bryant & K. M. Knights Pharmacol. for Health Professionals (ed. 3) iii. 66/1   The generic or ‘home-brand’ product is often as effective as the ‘upmarket’ brand name product.

1901—2011(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-breaker   n.  (a) a person who is blamed for the break-up of a marriage or similar long-term relationship; a home-wrecker;  (b) a housebreaker, a burglar.

1864   Brit. Controversialist 3rd Ser. 155/2   There are laws for the house-breaker who breaks a door, but none for the home-breaker who breaks the heart.
1919   Printers' Ink 2 Jan. 61/1   People have wanted weapons for home defense since the first cave man discouraged the first home breaker with a club.
1928   Sunday Dispatch 2 Sept. 17/1   As a home-breaker woman is..as good as a man.
2001   D. Jacobs Her Own Words 217   Armed with righteous indignation, Mary strode off to assail this home breaker with her crimes.
2008   S. King Just after Sunset (2009) 456   And why an electric fence in the first place? The Motherfucker had spouted a lot of bullshit having to do with discouraging potential home-breakers.

1864—2008(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-breaking   n.  (a) housebreaking, burglary;  (b) the break-up of a household or family; the action of causing such a break-up; home-wrecking.

1849   Calcutta Rev. 12 528   Murder, robbery, theft, and home-breaking, were at the same time declared to be unbailable offences.
1873   Our Young Folks Dec. 730   I see the heart-break of the home-breaking falling upon, but powerless to spoil, my new content.
1907   Daily Chron. 18 June 3/6   Home-breaking is a more serious offence against society than house-breaking.
1980   L. Auchincloss House of Prophet (1991) 224   I had more deplored him for weakness than condemned him for home breaking.
1995   F. E. Zimring & G. Hawkins Incapacitation (1997) vii. 138   The fear of homebreaking associated with burglary is apparently downplayed.

1849—1995(Hide quotations)

 

  home breeze   n. now rare a breeze blowing towards one's home or country; (also) a breeze blowing from home.

1825   E. Tailor Vis. Las Casas 10   Her full sails catch the home-breeze joyfully.
1893   A. Webster Portraits 118   The dear home breezes blow to me Over the well-known meadows.
1913   J. K. Lawson Lays & Lyrics 30   As thrills the sailor's heart some chime By soft home-breezes borne along.

1825—1913(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home buyer   n.  (a) a person who buys goods produced in his or her own country;  (b) a person who is buying a home.

1774   R. Hotham Candid State Affairs 30   Revenue is most essentially injured by this illicit trade, as well as all home buyers.
1893   Critic (U.S.) 29 Apr. 279/2   Just beyond this circle is the golden zone for home buyers.
1921   Iron Age 21 Apr. 1071/2   Many foreign inquiries have come in recently at machine tool shops, and considerable business has been done; but home buyers are holding back contracts.
1973   Times 6 Oct. 1/1   A plan to help young home-buyers is likely to be announced within the next week.
1996   Sunday Tel. 13 Oct. (Business section) 10/1   During the recent housing slump, experts advised homebuyers to nest, rather than invest.

1774—1996(Hide quotations)

 

  home care   n.  (a) (in plural) domestic cares or worries;  (b) care, esp. medical care, given or received at home; frequently attributive.

1625   W. Laud Serm. 47   He may haue leisure from Home-Cares.
1838   Mother's Mag. Sept. 205   Is it not true that as our schools become more perfect, there is less home care and instruction?
1841   E. C. Grey Little Wife I. xxi. 274   Leaving behind, for a brief space, all home cares and vexations.
1900   Cosmopolitan Jan. 283/1   Home care of the sick is an important branch of domestic science.
1961   Spectator 17 Mar. 352   The great increase of home-care cases that must follow the demolition of the mental hospitals.
1974   Jet 28 Mar. 58   Aretha Franklin stayed at the posh downtown Sherry Netherland Hotel to be away from home cares.
2007   M. K. Aronson & M. B. Weiner Aging Parents, Aging Children xi. 147   Respite services can also be provided with home care, using a temporary, twenty-four-hour, live-in aide.

1625—2007(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home carer   n.  (a) U.S. a person who runs a household, a homemaker (now rare);  (b) a person who provides home care (home care n. (b)).

1899   N.Y. Tribune 16 June 6/5 (advt.)    Nothing can be prettier and more convenient for home-carer's wear in these hot-weather times, than the two-piece striped print chintz suits we have just put on sale.
1929   J. A. Hill Women in Gainful Occup. 1870–1920 xv. 150   Families in which the father and the only daughter are working and the mother is the home carer.
1981   New Society 15 Oct. 86   Home carers and home care workers. 27 October, 2.15 pm. Meeting organised by the London Social Services Research Group.
2007   G. Smith Families, Carers & Professionals xvi. 219   Home carers provide crucial support to their loved ones, often for years and under very difficult circumstances.

1899—2007(Hide quotations)

 

  home chapter   n.  (a) a division of a literary work devoted to the home (rare);  (b) the branch of an organization or society of which one is a member.

1790   H. Walpole Let. 3 July in M. Berry Extracts Jrnls. & Corr. (1865) I. 198   The home-chapter will be dull as usual. The Boydels and Nichols's breakfasted here yesterday, in return for their civilities at the Shakespeare Gallery.
1883   Proc. Grand Chapter Royal Arch Masons State Calif. 308   Eminently qualified for the station of High Priest by his unrivalled rendering of the ritual, he served many terms in his home Chapter.
1937   Los Angeles Times 16 Oct. i. 5/6   Dr. Overton H. Mennet of Los Angeles, recently elected National Commander of the Grand Army of the Republic, was honored yesterday by his home chapter.
2004   Simple Home Solutions (Martha Stewart Living) 6   The home chapter is made up of maintenance and repair information, home-improvement hints, and clothing-care advice.
2005   E. D. Hopkins Life after Life iv. 74   I worked for two weeks in Winston-Salem, where my home chapter was organizing a grand free food giveaway in the housing project closest to our office.

1790—2005(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home circle   n.  (a) a person's close family or friends;  (b) Spiritualism a private seance conducted by a group of friends or family members (now hist.).In quot. 1760: a domestic (as opposed to foreign) sphere of activity.

1760   Observ. State Bankrupts 7   How much to be lamented, that in our home-circle of business..the like division of good and bad was not as equally made!
1791   W. Combe Devil upon Two Sticks V. 228   What may be called the home circle of his particular friends.
1841   Dickens Let. 16 Mar. (1969) II. 238   With love to all your home circle, and from all mine.
1853   New Amer. Mag. Sept. 89/2   They [sc. unexplained sounds] occur in the privacy of home circles, and where an earnest desire exists not to encounter publicity, but to ascertain..the cause of a phenomena to them inexplicable.
1875   Spiritual Mag. Apr. 163   We would suggest to those who wish to know the truth of these manifestations, for a few friends to form ‘a home circle’, according to directions on the cover of the Magazine.
1917   C. S. Cooper Brazilians & their Country (1919) ix. 121   Many of their happiest hours are spent within the home-circles.
2000   Lethbridge (Alberta) Herald 13 May d5/3   Each and every family member needs to maintain a bond with all the other persons in their home circle.
2004   S. McMullin Anat. of Seance ix. 163   The spirits visiting the Lacey home circle reflected a sympathy for socialism.

1760—2004(Hide quotations)

 

  Home Circuit   n. (also with lower-case initials) British Law (now hist.) the judicial circuit having London as its centre; see circuit n. 5.In 1876 the Home Circuit, then comprising Sussex, Kent, Essex, and Hertfordshire, was merged with the Norfolk Circuit and renamed the South Eastern Circuit.

1664   Newes 7 July   For the Home-Circuit, The Lord Chief-Justice Bridgeman, and Mr. Justice Browne.
1772   Town & Country Mag. July 339/1   England is divided into the six following circuits; namely, the home circuit, the Norfolk circuit, the Oxford circuit, the midland, the western circuit, and the northern circuit.
1861   Trollope Orley Farm (1862) I. x. 75   Mr. Furnival practised at the common law bar, and early in life had attached himself to the home circuit.
1876   Times 13 Mar. 11/5   The incongruity of the old name of the Home Circuit with a district which takes in Norwich and Lewes, Maidstone and Huntingdon, is manifest, and even the most uncompromising Conservatives of the Circuit Mess are probably gliding easily into the use of the new title.
1993   F. Barker Culture of Violence ii. ii. 175   With the exception of three who are unidentified, we know the names of all those who died in prison on the Home Circuit in the period.

1664—1993(Hide quotations)

 

  home comfort   n. (chiefly in plural) any of the comforts which make being in one's own home pleasant; a domestic amenity which contributes to physical ease and well-being; (as mass noun) comfort of this kind.

1797   Milistina I. i. 6   He considered her death as no real deprivation of home comforts and happiness.
1805   Christian Observer Nov. 682/1   No means to bring home comfort to the lowly habitations of the destitute poor.
a1855   C. Brontë Professor (1857) II. xxv. 223   To sit on a foot-stool at the fire-side—to enjoy home-comforts.
1867   J. E. Cooke Wearing of Gray iii. xii. 465   Of the good old mansion, once the abode..of home comfort and hospitality, there remained only a pile of smoking bricks.
1922   J. Joyce Ulysses ii. xii. [Cyclops] 289   Their abodes were equipped with every modern home comfort.
1977   Daily Mirror 21 Mar. 13/2   Five plane spotters serving jail terms in Greece will get a spot of home comfort today.
2004   P. W. Desjardins No Sanctuary but Hell xii. 171   A man appreciative of his home comforts, he preferred the city life to being dragged out to these bush towns.

1797—2004(Hide quotations)

 

  home computer   n.  (a) a computer located at a military centre of operations (nonce-use);  (b) a computer designed for use in the home, esp. for recreational or educational purposes.The earlier quotations refer to hypothetical devices. Computers specially designed for home use became available in the 1970s, and at first were smaller, less powerful, and much cheaper than those for commercial or scientific use. Since then the same types of computer have come to be used both in the home and in business.

1949   Sci. Amer. Apr. 38/3   Future long-range offensive missiles will most likely radio back what position information they can gather, and have it processed in a home computer, out of which radio-transmitted answers will give the missile its instructions.
1955   J. E. Pfeiffer Human Brain xvii. 250   One result of the trend toward compactness might be home computers no larger than television sets. They could serve as electronic calendars to keep track of dinner engagements, laundry lists,..and some of the other details of living.
1967   Amer. Sociol. Rev. 32 123/1   They earn more respect among colleagues by building a record collection than by putting together a home computer.
1993   D. Sheff Game Over xv. 370   His video-game system would transform into a multiuse, multipurpose home computer.
2004   N.Y. Times (National ed.) 26 Aug. e2 (advt.)    Suite of powerful, personal security applications that protect your home computer against worms, trojans, zombies & more.

1949—2004(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home confinement   n.  (a) confinement or imprisonment in one's own home or country; (now) spec. = house arrest n. at house n.1 and int. Compounds 10;  (b) = home birth n. (b).

1724   in Milton's Paradise Lost & Paradise Regained Index sig. Ee   A Citizen's taking the Air in the Country from his home Confinement.
1841   Q. Rev. June 108   We do not wish to dwell much on the enormous difference of expense between transportation and home confinement.
1867   Dublin Q. Jrnl. Med. Sci. 43 85   Another illustration of the caution with which those who can afford the cost of home confinement..should desire to be confined in hospitals.
1921   K. Kawabé Press & Politics in Japan viii. 66   The authorities became alarmed, and in 1876 changed the home confinement to penitentiary sentence.
1922   C. C. Van Blarcom Getting Ready to be Mother vi. 86   An equipment which will prove adequate to meet the ordinary requirements of a home confinement.
1995   Brit. Med. Jrnl. 4 Nov. 1209/1   Freedom for women to choose a home confinement, pool birth, or elective caesarean section.
2010   N.Y. Times (National ed.) 10 Sept. a6/5   Mr. Chen's continued home confinement under guard, a practice known in China as ‘soft detention’, has no basis in Chinese law.

1724—2010(Hide quotations)

 

  home contents adj. Insurance designating a policy insuring against damage to or loss of the contents of a house; cf. home and contents adj.

1937   Washington Post 12 Sept. v. 13/8   These figures assume that the fire insurance policy is for $5,000, and the home contents policy for $2,500.
1972   Times 13 Oct. (Insurance Brokers Suppl.) p. iv/6   5 per cent of insurances on home structures arranged through brokers, and 4 per cent of home contents insurance.
1995   Foresight (Sun Alliance) Winter 33/1   Your friend must have Accidental Damage included as part of her home contents policy.

1937—1995(Hide quotations)

 

  home-cook   v. transitive to cook (food) at home.

1910   Amer. Poultry Advocate Nov. 736/3   A favorite Southern way of home-cooking a guinea.
1950   Los Angeles Times 15 Oct. iv. 4/3   Even the food we used in our scenes was home-cooked by farm wives.
2009   D. L. Long If you want to be Thin iv. 127   She will learn how to home cook well seasoned low fat, low-calorie meals.

1910—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-cooked adj. (of food) cooked at home; homemade.

1811   T. F. Dibdin Let. 19 Aug. in Reminisc. Literary Life (1836) I. viii. 486   A home-cooked beefsteak, lightly sprinkled with snow-white horse radish, and flanked with the best lettuce my garden can bestow.
1923   H. Crane Let. 12 Oct. (1965) 150   A very fine home-cooked chicken dinner.
1997   B. Clough How like God 97   Whenever he felt like a home-cooked meal or sleeping in a bed, Rob selected a fat cat and briefly became his best friend.

1811—1997(Hide quotations)

 

  home cooking   n. the action or activity of cooking in one's home; food cooked at home, or of the kind one would cook at home (frequently with connotations of comfort, plainness, or wholesomeness); also fig.

1853   Daily Scioto (Ohio) Gaz. 3 Mar. (heading)    Home cooking.
1921   Daily Colonist (Victoria, Brit. Columbia) 29 Mar. 6/3   Plain and fancy articles will be on sale, also home cooking and a fish pond.
1968   O. Wynd Sumatra Seven Zero i. 5   The other patrons..all came often to get away from home cooking.
1988   Wisconsin State Jrnl. 31 Mar. 15/3   The hallways were jammed with fans pumped up to cheer their Main Man... This was a night on which Jesse Jackson badly needed that type of home cooking.
1992   Metro (San Jose, Calif.) 7 May 49/2   Most of us have memories of Mom's home cooking. The comfort foods she fed us when we were home from school with the flu.

1853—1992(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home correspondent   n. a correspondent based in his or her (or one's) home, neighbourhood, or country, esp. one employed to describe events occurring there.

1796   J. Burchell Arrangem. & Digest of Law 130   If the home correspondent has effects, he is bound to comply with the order for Insurance.
1833   Oriental Christian Spectator June 265   We have lately received from our Home correspondents a variety of communications.
1840   H. W. Longfellow in S. Longfellow Life H. W. Longfellow (1891) I. 359   I hope I shall be a better home-correspondent than I have been hithertofore.
1914   Field Service Regulations (U.S. Army) iii. viii. 166   In addition to the requirements for home correspondents, a foreign correspondent must have served in other campaigns.
1998   J. McManners Church & Society 18th-cent. France (1999) I. xii. 377   Dubois de Fosseux..took the opportunity of making him his home correspondent, sending regular letters describing how things were going in the village and on the estate.

1796—1998(Hide quotations)

 

  Home Counties n. the counties surrounding London; also occasionally in singular.The list of counties encompassed by the term has varied over time; however it usually includes Essex, Kent, Surrey, Hertfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, and (formerly) Middlesex.

1695   C. Davenant Ess. Ways & Means supplying War 77   The Eleven Home Counties, which are thought in Land Taxes to pay more than their proportion, viz. Surry with Southwark, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire, Cambridgshire, Kent, Essex, Norfolk, and Suffolk, Berks, Bucks, and Oxfordshire.
1785   M. Madan Thoughts on Executive Justice 87   Such an administration of the laws has been long creeping in upon us, as the length of the gaol-calendars, more especially in the home counties, too plainly testify.
1898   Middlesex & Herts. Notes & Queries 4 153   The publication,..will..relate not only to London, Middlesex and Hertfordshire, but also to Essex, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Surrey and Kent; that is, to the Home Counties.
1966   Listener 11 Aug. 218/1   The chances are..small that a writer setting his play in outer suburbia or inner Home County will make of it more than a painful banality.
1972   J. Blackburn For Fear of Little Men ii. 29   Her accent clashed dramatically with the jargon of Home Counties suburbia.
2002   ‘H. Hill’ Flight from Deathrow xxviii. 165   The buses would trundle in from the Home Counties night after night, filled with menopausal mums and the Barbour-clad recently retired.

1695—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home country   n.  (a) one's native land; the land of one's ancestors (cf. mother country n. 1);  (b) a country in relation to its colonies or dependencies (cf. mother country n. 2).

1707   Rev. State Brit. Nation 14 June 214/1   This foreign Country, call'd Scotland, by the intervening Accident of the Union, becomes the same Home-Country with England.
1761   London Chron. 11 Aug. 147/2   The places taken from us as of small trade or produce,..useless to their nations, and greatly chargeable to keepe, draining the home Countries both of men and money.
1844   Simmond's Colonial Mag. 3 464   Provisions here are much cheaper than in the home country.
1860   A. Reid Way of World III. xi. 327   For the last time, I sought the shores of my home country.
1948   G. W. Southgate Eng. Econ. Hist. (new ed.) viii. 72   The plantations were not regarded as daughter-nations..but as outposts of the home country, to which, from an economic standpoint, they were subordinate.
1953   New Biol. 15 54   Abmigration occurs when a bird..accompanies foreigners which have also wintered here to their home countries in the Spring.
2002   T. Nairn Pariah iii. 36   Little England..came to denote territorial (and industrial) England, the ‘home country’ minus its colonies, and without its overseas role as a global gendarme.
2008   S. Armitage Gig (2009) 165   Of all the crimes my home country can rightly be accused of, I didn't expect to have to add altitude-ism to the list.

1707—2008(Hide quotations)

 

  homecraft   n.  (a) the art or practice of household management; skill in domestic duties;  (b) an art or craft pursued in the home.

1879   Milwaukee (Wisconsin) Daily Sentinel 1 July 8/5   A natural taste craves it [sc. ginger] as a delightful element in the economy of homecraft.
1914   M. Hill (title)    Homecraft in the classroom.
1927   Daily Express 26 Feb. 5/2   Women who seek a pleasant paying homecraft.
1972   P.O. Telephone Directory Sect. 102 London Postal Area E-K 513/3   Homecraft Supplies.
1994   Pract. Craft Aug. 24/1   People with an inventive eye for homecrafts have spotted other uses—for painting on fabrics, ceramics and plastics, and even for cake decoration.

1879—1994(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home department   n. a government department responsible for home affairs; (with the and capital initials) spec. = home office n. 1b   (now only in Secretary of State for the Home Department, the official title of the Home Secretary).

1782   London Chron. 30 Mar. 314/2   Lord Shelburne is to act as Secretary of State for the Home Department as well as Colonial Secretary.
1825   A. Caldcleugh Trav. S. Amer. I. iv. 96   [Brazil has] an absolute hereditary monarchy, with a council of state, secretaries and boards for the administration of the treasury, war, and home departments.
1966   Listener 17 Mar. 373/1   The Ministry of Defence is classified as a ‘home’ rather than an ‘overseas’ department.
2002   Observer 3 Feb. 24/6   David Blunkett MP is Secretary of State for the Home Department.

1782—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home dweller   n. a person who dwells or remains at home.

1579   J. Frampton in tr. M. Polo Most Noble & FamousTrauels Ep. Ded. sig. ⋆.ij   Committing the same to printe in the Englishe tongue, perswading, that it mighte..delight many home dwellers.
1593   Queen Elizabeth I tr. Boethius De Consolatione Philosophiæ in Queen Elizabeth's Englishings (1899) iv. pr. i. 76   Homedweller in thy country.
1825   Retrospect. Rev. 12 96   They live separate and alone, sojourners rather than home-dwellers.
2004   D. M. Flournoy Broadband Millennium viii. 396   Modern home dwellers now expect that communication with the outside world must be easier, faster, and more personalized.

1579—2004(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-educate   v. transitive to educate at home; = home-school v.

1849   Mississippian (Jackson, Mississippi) 7 Sept. 1/5   Why should any people refuse to home educate their children, and thus retain their freshest and most undying associations, as well as their never-ending love, reverence and tenderest affections!
1981   Hartford (Connecticut) Courant 31 Mar. b1/6   Gollmitzer-St. Louis' plan to home-educate her son could be approved if she strengthens the curriculum she is offering him.
2004   Independent 18 Mar. (Education section) 5/4   I home-educated my daughter for two terms after she suffered bullying, and it worked out better than I could have hoped.

1849—2004(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-educated adj.  (a) educated in one's home country (now rare);  (b) educated in the home; cf. home-schooled adj.

1818   Brit. Rev. Feb. 17   It is..a very wise wish, indulged by the British people, that a home-educated and British-born Prince should sit upon the throne.
1824   Portfolio 3 134/2   I love to talk to home-educated children; they are the only wise people we have left.
1907   R. Sellar Trag. of Quebec viii. 64/2   A native-born and home-educated priesthood.
1920   J. E. Courtney Freethinkers of 19th Cent. 200   A girl from Norwich, home bred and home educated except for a couple of years' attendance at a mixed grammar school in her native town.
2009   M. Perry Coop 29   A coterie of friends covering the spectrum from pagan shamans to a home-educated evangelical Christian nutritionist.

1818—2009(Hide quotations)

 

  home education   n. (an) education received at home; home-schooling.

1673   R. Allestree Ladies Calling ii. iii. §7   In that competition sure the home Education will be cast.
1730   J. Clarke Ess. Educ. Youth (ed. 2) 204   This is an Objection..against a Home-Education.
1856   Jrnl. Educ. Upper Canada Aug. 124/2   Home education forms by far too insignificant a part in the instruction of youth.
1914   Education Oct. 124/2   A home-education division of the Bureau of Education has been established.
2004   Independent 7 Aug. 37/3   How can we wonder that parents are choosing home education and that they want to do so without reference to the education authorities?

1673—2004(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home educator   n. a person who educates people, esp. children, at home; = home-schooler n. 1; also in extended use.

1842   Westm. Rev. July 114/2   The daily, hourly opportunities possessed by the home educators.
1938   Times 12 July 17/6   The wireless is the poor man's home-educator as well as his entertainment-provider.
2008   C. Honoré Under Pressure vi. 136   Like most home educators, the Burkes let their son take the lead much of the time.

1842—2008(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home equity   n. the net value of a mortgaged home after deduction of charges outstanding on it (cf. equity n. Additions).

1896   Rocky Mountain News (Denver) 5 May 11/6   4 clear lots, Evanston; want home equity.
1969   Jrnl. Finance 24 463   Home equities are built up to 10% only in the seventh year after endorsement if real estate prices rise by approximately 2% per year.
2007   N.Y. Mag. 20 Aug. 16/1   Go ‘piggybacking’: Take out a home-equity loan against your new house to meet those minimal payments.

1896—2007(Hide quotations)

 

  home farm   n. a farm on an estate set aside to provide produce for the owner of the estate.

1749   W. Ellis Compl. Syst. Improvem. Sheep ii. i. 119   By the Decease of his Father in the Year 1746, he took his Home Farm into his Hands, that before was rented by a Tenant at about seventy Pounds a Year.
1805   R. Parkinson Tour in Amer. i. v. 200   On his home-farm he had above one hundred acres of wheat.
1932   ‘L. G. Gibbon’ Sunset Song 19   The Mains..had been the Castle home farm in the long past times.
2002   Western Mail (Nexis) 20 June 7   Alongside the mansion and home farm were threshing barns, a granary, stone rick stands,..all of which are unaltered and being restored to their original uses.

1749—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-fed adj.  (a) (of an animal or its meat) fed or fattened at home; local; not imported from abroad;  (b) (of a person) fed or raised at home; healthy-looking, plump (cf. corn-fed adj. b).

1573   T. Tusser Fiue Hundreth Points Good Husbandry (new ed.) f. 30v   Fat, home fed sowce, is good in a howse.
1780   W. Combe R—l Reg. IV. 127   Such an education, assisted by parental arts, will continue the childhood of the home-fed boy to an advanced period of life.
1858   R. S. Surtees Ask Mamma lxxv. 329   He had killed a south-down,—not one of your modern muttoney-lambs, but an honest, home-fed, four-year-old.
1904   Creamery Jrnl. Dec. 87/1   If it is necessary to inspect so closely our home-fed animals we would suggest that it is quite as essential that the carcases of foreign-killed animals should also be examined.
2007   D. Favre & A. E. Hunt Don't bet against Me! v. 61   I felt sorry for those TV people. They were used to dressing Hollywood size fours, and now they found themselves facing a couple of home-fed Mississippi girls.

1573—2007(Hide quotations)

 

  Home Fleet   n. a fleet of the British Navy detailed to home defence, esp. in the English Channel (cf. Channel Fleet n. at channel n.1 Compounds 2   and home guard n. 1) (now hist.); (also) (with lower-case initials) any fleet operating in the waters of its own country.

1705   J. Michelborne Ireland Preserv'd ii. iii. 76   Tis our Home Fleet is come in, our two Privateers that were Abroad.
1797   Ld. Nelson Let. Apr. (1845) II. 374   Had there been no Fleet in the Channel, the French might have come up the Mediterranean and taken us all; therefore the Home Fleet certainly took care of us and covered us.
1883   Peel City Guardian 15 Sept.   Our harbour is once more almost empty, as the Home Fleet are fishing off Douglas.
1904   To-day 14 Dec. 162/1   The Present Home Fleet is to be called the Channel Fleet.
1906   Daily Chron. 24 Oct. 7/4   A distinct fleet will be constituted from the ships in commission in reserve, to be called the ‘Home Fleet’.
1922   W. C. King King's Compl. Hist. World War 127/2   Germany, in addition to her home fleet, had eleven warships in other seas, protecting her thousands of merchant vessels.
2001   R. Moore Royal Navy & Nucl. Weapons 10   A Mediterranean Fleet was based at Malta and Gibraltar until 1967, when it was merged with the Home Fleet.

1705—2001(Hide quotations)

 

  home-fried potatoes   n. chiefly U.S. slices or chunks of (parboiled) potato fried in a pan or skillet; cf. hashed brown potatoes n. at hashed adj. Special uses, French fried potatoes n. at French adj. and n. Special uses 2.

1903   McClure's Mag. July 329/2   We fell to talking about home and the flag and Hail Columbia and home-fried potatoes.
1954   N.Y. Times 26 Mar. 15/1   These herbed, home-fried potatoes are especially good with broiled lamb chops, fish steaks and other foods that are not highly seasoned.
2008   J. D. Doss Snake Dreams ii. 8   A breakfast of three fried eggs, a slab of Virginia ham thick as a boot sole, a heap of crispy home-fried potatoes and a quart of steaming black coffee.

1903—2008(Hide quotations)

 

  home fries   n. chiefly U.S. = home-fried potatoes n.

1927   Wisconsin Rapids Daily Tribune 21 June 6/1   If these gods were anything like our own Lindbergh, they relished now and then an order of ham and sunny side up, a good cup of Java and a side of home fries.
1955   Sci. News Let. 5 Feb. 89/3   To potato chips, French fries and home fries can now be added ‘potato flakes’, a new kind of dehydrated mashed potato.
2000   S. Heighton Shadow Boxer i. i. 17   Home fries fringed and crowned with the rusty crackling Torrins knew his son loved.

1927—2000(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home furnishing   n.  (a) the action or process of furnishing the home;  (b) an item used to furnish the home (usually in plural).

1853   Daily Cleveland (Ohio) Herald 12 May   On our second floor we keep a complete line of Home Furnishing Goods of all styles.
1858   Trans. Connecticut State Agric. Soc. 1857 115   Let all your home-furnishings and surroundings be typical of comfort, typical of order, typical of refinement.
1959   Life 12 Oct. 73/1   For a long time fur went out of fashion as a home furnishing. This fall, fur..is the newest style in rugs.
1989   Spectator 15 Apr. 11/1   You can buy a certain ensemble of home furnishings, scents, clothes, sports, clubs and interests in a sort of matched job lot, called a lifestyle.
2002   B. Batchelor 1900s v. 101   Bok counseled them on everything from proper decorum to home furnishing and decoration.

1853—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home harvest   n. = harvest home n. 1a, 2.

1676   J. Fox Door of Heaven 144   The Husbandmen have their home-Harvest.
1729   G. Jacob New Law-dict.   Medsypp, A Harvest Supper, or Entertainment, given to the Labourers at Home Harvest.
1877   I. Banks Glory (1881) v. 40   The bustle and excitement of the Home-harvest had unfitted the ordinarily active little woman..for a walk in a broiling sun.
2009   J. A. Flammang Taste for Civilization xi. 223   Thanksgiving, which joins together the pre-Christian European folk tradition of home harvest with Christian festivals thanking the Virgin Mary for a wholesome food harvest.

1676—2009(Hide quotations)

 

  home-hearted adj. now rare attached to or fond of home.

1600   F. Hastings Apol. or Def. Watch-word sig. A3v   I wish them all from my heart, that as they are home-borne, so they may be home-hearted Subiects.
a1810   R. Tannahill Poems & Songs (1815) 142   His valorous deeds he might boast undisguis'd, Yet home-hearted landsmen hold Tom as a stranger.
1945   Life 3 Dec. 62/3   More International Sterling is now being made. And more and more home-hearted women are making it their choice.

1600—1945(Hide quotations)

 

  home-heartedness   n. now rare the fact or quality of being home-hearted.

1843   Monthly Misc. Jan. 44   It needs but a few steps more to drive this home-heartedness wholly out of doors.
1853   E. S. Sheppard Charles Auchester I. 7   A domestic presence of purity, kindliness, and home-heartedness.
1915   E. C. Lazarovich-Hrebelianovich Pleasures & Palaces i. 25   A kind of home-heartedness carried me on to effort with the stirring sense of life's revealings.

1843—1915(Hide quotations)

 
 

home-hen   n. Obsolete the female of the domestic chicken; = house hen n. at house n.1 and int. Compounds 9.Only in Old English.

eOE   Bald's Leechbk. (Royal) (1865) ii. xxxvii. 244   Mettas..swa swa sint scilfixas finihte & ham [&] wilda hænna [L. gallinae domesticae et phasiani et perdices] & ealle þa fugelas þe on dunum libbað.

eOE—eOE(Hide quotations)

 

  home hospital   n. now hist.  (a) a hospital attached to an institution, esp. a soldiers' or sailors' home;  (b) a private hospital providing a domestic environment and designed for the upper or middle classes.

1862   Charleston (S. Carolina) Daily Courier 8 Feb.   The cases of sickness now under treatment in the Home Hospital, Market-street.
1877   Pall Mall Gaz. 4 May 7/2 (heading)    Home hospitals for the well-to-do.
1887   World 21 Sept. 15/2   Miss P…has opened a home-hospital in Weymouth Street.
1993   R. B. Rosenburg Living Monuments viii. 149   After the last veteran died in 1934, the home hospital was converted into apartments for the last seven widows.
2008   Health & Hist. 10 27   The chaos of war changed life for many nurses who had to work hard in a physical environment very different to home hospitals.

1862—2008(Hide quotations)

 

  home Indian   n. (also with capital initial) Canad. (now hist.) a member of the Cree living in the vicinity of the fur traders on Hudson Bay.

1691   H. Kelsey in Kelsey Papers (1929) 18   They would not venture down fearing lest ye home Indians would not let ym up again.
1706   in G. Williams Hudson's Bay Misc. (1975) 55   Two canoes of home Indians came from the north shore.
1952   A. Malkus Little Giant of North 9   The Home Indians came into the Fort with their furs.
2010   A. Sweeny Black Bonanza ii. 31   The following spring, Knight ordered Stewart to take Thanadelthur and travel west with a large party of 150 Crees (Home Indians) and try to make peace with the Dene.

1691—2010(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home influence   n.  (a) an influence on the home (obsolete);  (b) an influence on a person from their home.

1810   Q. Rev. Aug. 76   It is to the home influence of the Bible Society that Dr. Wordsworth is chiefly inclined to object.
1852   C. M. Yonge Two Guardians xiv. 255   Marian had..weakened the only home influence..which held Caroline to the right.
1966   D. Jenkins Educated Society v. 208   Home influence..[is] a major factor in determining whether people will be able to take advantage of educational opportunities.
1996   D. B. Chesebrough Clergy Dissent in Old South 28   These men had been good and honest individuals but had become the victims of mischievous home influences.

1810—1996(Hide quotations)

 

  home insurance   n. insurance of one's home against fire, theft, etc.

1875   Chron. (N.Y.) 3 June 349/1   In a great conflagration..home insurance, in however solvent or trustworthy companies, is a delusion and a snare.
1916   Fraternal Monitor (Rochester, N.Y.) Jan. 23/2   Heretofore we have been talking to ourselves and among ourselves about our ‘home insurance’.
2005   C. Rush To travel Hopefully ii. 79   I'm dealing now with all the old witch's affairs: home insurance, Council Tax, gas, electric, British Telecom, Home Care, bank, lawyer and vet, all in a shambles.

1875—2005(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home island   n.  (a) an island that forms part of one's own country;  (b) an island that is one's home or place of birth.

1806   Parl. Deb. 1st Ser. 7 504   General Norton..suggested..that troops in the home islands should be attested to serve..until 6 months after the termination of any war.
1948   C. L. B. Hubbard Dogs in Brit. xviii. 205   In its home islands it [sc. the Shetland sheepdog] is known as the Tounie Dog or Peerie Dog.
2000   P. Moore Full Montezuma (2001) xxiii. 390   Lara was from Trinidad, and not much liked outside his home island.

1806—2000(Hide quotations)

 

  home lesson   n.  (a) a pointed lesson or moral (now rare);  (b) a lesson learnt or taught at home rather than in school; a piece of homework.

1791   Whitehall Evening Post 29 Oct.–1 Nov.   The decayed popularity of M. Neckar is a home lesson to the vanity of Statesmen.
1853   Manch. Examiner & Times 19 Feb. (Suppl.) 4/6   Another feature in the progress of the year is the extensive purchase of school-books made by the children, and the consequent introduction of home lessons.
1887   Spectator 10 Sept. 1220/2   Home lessons, also, are longer and more exacting than with us.
1905   School Sci. & Maths June 403   I was surprised one day to find the following problem given to the girls for a home lesson.
2000   A. B. Elliot Charming Bones xxiii. 210   The Schroeder's two young children..were being educated with home lessons, supplemented with radio programs.

1791—2000(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home letter   n.  (a) a letter home; (also) a letter sent to an address within one's home country (obsolete);  (b) a letter from home.

1709   J. Swanne Proposal to man Navy 15   Letters sent into Foreign Parts, to be allowed for receiving to the Purser in Proportion to their Postage, as home Letters.
1894   H. Nisbet Bush Girl's Romance 212   Have you got your home-letter ready?
1998   K. Ayres North by Night 70   The home letters make me so lonesome I have to bite back the tears.

1709—1998(Hide quotations)

 

  home loan   n.  (a) a government loan raised in the home country rather than abroad;  (b) a loan advanced to a person to assist in buying a house or flat.

1851   Times 3 June 6/4   Foreign Exchanges... Amsterdam... Home Loan, Three per Cents.
1859   Sat. Rev. 27 Aug. 244/1   The impression, however, appears to prevail that the home loan has a firmer hold upon the credit of England than that which is raised in India.
1892   Med. Summary July 118/1   He was employed in a Home Loan office, and had to keep track of petty chattel mortgages.
1919   B. F. Moore Econ. Aspects Comm. & Ind. Netherlands, 1912–1918 (U.S. Dept. of Commerce) vi. 92   There was a threat in the home loan that if it was not subscribed the Government would resort to forced contributions.
1921   Oregon Voter 5 Mar. 16/2   Electing to take either a cash bonus or to receive a farm or home loan.
1966   Times 7 Apr. 12/1   The ban on home loans by local authorities has been lifted.
2009   New Yorker 5 Oct. 31/1   Many mortgage companies extended home loans to low- and middle-income applicants who couldn't afford to repay them.

1851—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-longing   n. longing for one's (or a) home; an instance of this.

1822   J. M. Good Study Med. II. 747   Home-longing, when at a remote distance from one's friends and country.
1900   Homiletic Rev. Aug. 166   Down there in far Brazil there begins to stir a home-longing in him.
2004   L. Anderson Longing for Homeland ix. 76   No one can promise either Jews or Palestinians that their home-longings will be resolved any time soon.

1822—2004(Hide quotations)

 

  home mission   n. a Christian mission conducted in the missionaries' own country.

1811   J. Crowther True & Compl. Portraiture Methodism iii. 260   The home missions, properly speaking, include those among the poor benighted Roman catholics in Ireland, those in Wales, who preach in Welsh, and those in different dark, neglected, and very wicked parts of England.
1855   E. C. Gaskell Let. 27 July (1966) 363   Papa..finished up his Home Mission with an address to the Students in the Chapel.
1932   Extension Mag. Feb. 2 (heading)    Extension Magazine The Official Organ of the Home Missions.
1990   Methodist Recorder 7 June 10/3   He was a natural choice to become leader of the Home Mission Division, and has made his own distinctive contribution to its life.

1811—1990(Hide quotations)

 

  home missionary   n. a Christian missionary working in his or her own country as opposed to abroad.

1809   P. Mitchell Presbyterian Lett. iii. 131   You have done every thing in your power to check the success of our home missionaries.
1842   Ainsworth's Mag. 1 232   I had occasion to accompany a home missionary into a few of the dens of London.
1889   Spectator 2 Nov.   What may be called the home-missionary spirit.
1938   M. C. Boatright in B. A. Botkin Treasury Southern Folklore (1949) i. iv. 96   A Presbyterian home missionary came to a cabin and engaged a woman in conversation.
1990   Nation (N.Y.) 22 Oct. 465/1   The relations between the women home missionaries and the male society they challenged.

1809—1990(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home monopoly   n. a monopoly over a commodity, product, or service in one's own country.

1721   H. Maxwell 2nd Let. to Mr. Rowley 21   Do you think they cou'd get a Home Monopoly, as for Instance, of Tobacco?
1842   Times 19 Mar. 5/3   The consumer is most of all to be benefitted by the removal of prohibitions or prohibitory duties by which the home monopoly has been made absolute.
1920   Protectionist Sept. 239/1   The tariff protected home monopoly has always the threat of foreign competition to prevent their raising prices too high.
2003   J. F. Richards Unending Frontier xvi. 594   The Dutch Noordsche Compagnie maintained its home monopoly until successful challenges from aspiring independent Dutch whalers and merchants led to its demise in 1642.

1721—2003(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home name   n. a name such as one would use at home; a pet name, a nickname.

1848   W. T. Thompson Major Jones's Sketches Trav. xvii. 147   You musn't call the nigger waiters, boy, nor uncle, nor buck, nor any frendly, home name.
1886   Illustr. London News 27 Nov. 569   Her home name is ‘the Princess Mary’.
2003   A. Vanderhoof Embarrassment of Mangoes (2005) 117   Evette tells us to call her by her ‘home name’, Dingis—‘I was a very small baby, and dingis are little boats’.

1848—2003(Hide quotations)

 

  home network   n. Electronics and Computing a network of interconnected electronic devices set up within a home; esp. a residential local area network, typically used to share an Internet connection and resources such as printers and files between several computers.

1982   Intermedia 10 i. 36   The device that will be at the heart of the home network will be long debated. Suffice to note that an enhanced television with a 16-bit micro-processor..could, with today's technology, run a timeshared home bus network.
1998   Maximum PC Nov. 66/1   Your PC is lonely. Night after night it hums quietly to itself... It's time to build a home network.
2009   Sydney Morning Herald (Nexis) 20 Oct. 10   The new HomeGroup feature helps share files, folders, printers and storage devices across a home network.

1982—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home news   n. news from home.In quot. 1664: news from one's home country or of home affairs.

1664   Earl of Arlington Let. 8 Apr. (1701) II. 18   This, I hope, will find your Excellency safe arrived at Madrid, whither we have nothing to send you yet..except it be our home News.
1852   E. C. Gaskell Let. 2 Mar. (1966) 181   I don't think there is much home news. Last week was very quiet; and very busy with writing.
1936   Punch 5 Aug. 144/3   It is one of our principles that our students should earn while they learn, and for this reason our first practical efforts will be in the realms of the easiest department of Romantic Journalism, namely Home News.
2004   P. Lennon Allusions in Press 10   Alongside home news, popular items tend to include TV guides, cartoons, horoscopes and stories about star personalities.

1664—2004(Hide quotations)

 

  home number   n.  (a) = house number n. at house n.1 and int. Compounds 10;  (b) the telephone number of a person's home.

1898   Galveston (Texas) Daily News 30 Mar. 3/4   In each case the soldier gave his home number and street.
1907   Munsey's Mag. May 246/1   After a good deal of trouble he got his home number, but it was not his wife who answered him.
2001   B. Broady In this Block there lives Slag 135   I dialled the home number and then redialled and redialled but always got the unobtainable's flat-line blare.
2008   Daily Rec. (Baltimore) (Nexis) 9 Feb.   After that it's time to input the address, and that's when things get interesting. The site gives you the option to enter a home number and street name.

1898—2008(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home patient   n. a patient who is cared for at home rather than in a hospital.

1757   Hist. Sir Roger & Son Joe II. ii. 24   The Surgeon..thought of visiting his home Patients before he should take the Ride to the 'Squire's.
1827   Lincoln Cabinet 59   Persons residing in Lincoln..unable to attend at the dispensary, shall be deemed home-patients.
1990   D. Zibell-Frisk in A. S. Bloch Nutrition Managem. of Cancer Patient xxvii. 321/2   The nurse has an active role in teaching home patients how to administer parenteral nutrition.

1757—1990(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home phone   n. = home telephone n.In quot. 1898: a telephone operated by the Home Telephone Company.

[1898   Amer. Lawyer Nov. 436/3   Telephones, Main 2818 and Home Phone 53.]
1902   Los Angeles Daily Times 4 Oct. ii. 4/3 (heading)    Home 'phone promised sure.
1968   Amer. Anthropologist 70 1077/2   The caller employs a lexical item, and perhaps an intonation, that is standardly used by called parties in answering their home phones.
2009   G. Alexander Slow Burn v. 49   The next morning Madden called Larry on his home phone.

1902—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home piece   n. see sense A. 11b.

 
 

  home position   n.  (a) one's position or standing at home;  (b) a starting or default position.

1840   Times 11 Aug. 4/2   His colonial preferment was by no means an eligible compensation for the surrender of his home position.
1847   N.Y. Munic. Gaz. 12 Jan. 637/1   Certain changes of the solar system in its own home positions.
1900   T. M. Lindsay Luther & German Reformation v. 113   His kingdom was the most compact in Europe, his home position secure, and his foreign policy had hitherto been successful.
1922   R. C. Bryant Lumber iii. 58   After the log has been slabbed on one side and turned, all knees are again set in the ‘home’ position.
2001   P. Verdin & N. Van Heck From Local Champions to Global Masters i. 40   Having your home position attacked by a competitor, whether local or global, is a serious thing.
2007   C. L. Wilson Lord of Fading Lands x. 193   She raced back to her home position on the grid.

1840—2007(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home product   n.  (a) a commodity produced in one's own country (also †as a mass noun);  (b) a commodity manufactured for use in the home.

1696   C. Davenant Ess. upon East-India Trade 33   I do not see how such Prohibitions would at all Advance the Vent of our Home Product.
1772   A. Young Polit. Ess. conc. Present State Brit. Empire iii. §iii. 91   What a population is here! and what a consumption of necessary manufactures and home products!
1874   ‘G. Hamilton’ Twelve Miles from Lemon vi. 106   The truth is, the foreign fabrics are of better quality than our home products.
1914   N.Y. Times 4 July 13/1   The seller of certain home products such as ‘Mother's Cleanser’ and ‘Miller's Lasting Starch’.
1928   L. North Parasites 270   Rotarians and women's clubs wrote her letters applauding her patriotic stand for home-products.
1970   Wall St. Jrnl. 19 Aug. 8/4 (heading)    Carbon tetrachloride use in home products banned.
2010   D. McNeill & K. McNamara in M. K. Goodman et al. Consuming Space vii. 150   The boutique hotel bedroom thus became a catalogue of home products that can be tried and tested.

1696—2010(Hide quotations)

 

  Home Programme   n. Brit. (now hist.) (with the) = home service n. 2.

1939   Times 15 Nov. 10/3   M. Reynaud..spoke last night in the B.B.C. home programme.
1948   Hansard Commons 1548 1663   The programme account..is not broken down as between the Home, Light, and Third Programmes.
2001   J. Stapleton Polit. Intellectuals & Public Identities 167   The distance between the Home Programme and the Third Programme was described by one BBC executive as that ‘between Malcolm Muggeridge and Isaiah Berlin’.

1939—2001(Hide quotations)

 

  home question   n. now rare a direct or pointed question, esp. one of a personal nature (cf. sense B. 3).

1687   R. L'Estrange Brief Hist. Times I. ii. x. 229   Now This was a very short Answer, to a Home Question.
1741   S. Richardson Pamela IV. xxxv. 198   I will be your Judge, and put home Questions to you.
1878   J. Payn By Proxy II. xi. 111   ‘How much has he a year?’ inquired Mrs. Wardlaw simply. ‘Well, really,’ said Miss Milburn, ‘that is rather a home-question.’
1977   D. W. Jones Drowned Ammet (2003) xii. 142   That was a home question.

1687—1977(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home remedy   n. a remedy devised or manufactured in one's own home.

1830   Q. Rev. Jan. 215   The graziers, and drovers, and little shopkeepers, look with apprehension to the loss of their cheap and home remedy for recovering their debts.
1850   Water-cure Jrnl. 9 105/1   The expensiveness of the Water-Cure at the establishments, then, is an argument for its employment as a home remedy.
1926   People's Home Jrnl. Feb. 43/2   The best home remedies for coughs are inhalations of steam and mustard pastes.
2002   D. W. St. John See Home Run i. 35   She doesn't want him popping her neck or anything even vaguely painful. She doesn't want anything but her bed. ‘What are we talking about here?’..‘A home remedy that works.’

1830—2002(Hide quotations)

 

  home reversion   n. Brit. Finance a type of equity release in which a person transfers part or all of the ownership of his or her home to a company in exchange for a lump sum, while retaining the right to continue living there.

1965   Times 8 Mar. 1/5 (advt.)    Write Home Reversions Department, M.G.S. & Co.
1990   Which? Aug. 459/3   Home reversions. You sell all or part of your home to a specialist company, which agrees to pay you an income for the rest of your life. But there may be problems if you need to move later.
2004   A. Vice 7 Ways to beat Pension Crisis vi. 94   As we are all living longer, you can see why roll-up mortgages and home reversion schemes favour the over 70s.

1965—2004(Hide quotations)

 

  home row   n. the middle row of keys on a typewriter or computer keyboard, on which the starting positions for the fingers in touch-typing are located; cf. home key n. 2.

1915   Proc. 62nd Ann. Session Wisconsin Teachers' Assoc. 191   Using the letters and words which have been learned on the ‘home row’ proceed to introduce these new letters into combinations forming new words.
1981   New Scientist 8 Jan. 67/2   The fingers tend to locate themselves on the ‘home’ row (where they are based), making touch typing easier.
2010   E. E. Peterson in I. E. Catt & D. Eicher-Catt Communicology i. 72   I can hear my typing teacher intoning: ‘feet flat on the floor, back straight, eyes on the text, arms out level, fingers on home row.’

1915—2010(Hide quotations)

 

  home screen   n.  (a) a film or television screen in the home;  (b) the main screen in the graphical interface of a computer program or a device, esp. a mobile phone, which allows a user to access particular functions.

1941   Pop. Sci. Monthly July 209 (advt.)    On your own home screen—gorgeous full-color ‘stills’—with Kodachrome.
1985   N.Y. Times 13 Oct. f16/3   The upper right-hand corner of the ‘home screen’, the first to appear when one begins working on the spreadsheet.
1997   H. Hood Great Realizations v. 164   Tonight we are going to try to bring to your home screens as accurately as possible transmissions directly from the interior of the spacecraft.
2008   J. Chen & A. Pash How to do Everything with your iPhone ii. 24   All you need is right there on the home screen, and each application will launch as soon as you tap the respective application icon.

1941—2008(Hide quotations)

 

  home signal   n.  (a) Telegraphy the telegraphic signal sent from one's own equipment (obsolete);  (b) Railways a stop signal marking the end of a section of track and indicating whether or not a train may proceed into a station or to the next section; cf. distant signal n. at distant adj. 3d.

1857   Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper 12 July 8/4   There are three parallel rows of marks impressed on the surface of the paper—the innermost representing the home signal, the next the distant signal, and the third the seconds.
1867   Rep. Accidents on Railways 23/1 in Parl. Papers LXII. 219/1   The station is protected by distant signals in both directions, worked by wires from the east of the passenger platform, and by a home signal of inferior construction.
1889   G. Findlay Working & Managem. Eng. Railway 68   The distant signal is placed at varying distances behind the home signal, according to circumstances.
1940   A. E. Tattersall Railway Signalling i. 16   Home and starting signals only for each direction at stations on single lines which are staff or electric token posts will be necessary.
2001   S. Hall Mod. Signalling Handbk. (ed. 3) 35/1   The first stop signal at a signalbox is known as the Home Signal. At some signalboxes there may be more than one Home Signal, known variously as Outer and Inner Home Signals.

1857—2001(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home slice   n. see sense A. 11b.

 

  home squadron   n. any squadron operating in the waters or (in later use) airspace of its own country; spec. (with capital initials) a squadron of the U.S. Navy detailed to home defence (now hist.).

1730   ‘The Mariner’ Specimen towards New & Compl. Plan 11   The Home Squadron takes the Middle Station, the Middle the Foreign, and the Foreign the Home.
1837   Philadelphia (Pa.) Inquirer & Daily Courier 15 Dec.   The Senate passed a bill to-day, to authorize the establishment of a Home Squadron for the protection of navigators on the Atlantic coast, and sent it down to the House.
1904   Times 6 June 5   New battleships and cruisers for the home squadrons would be an infinitely better investment.
2002   in M. E. Wagner et al. Libr. Congr. Civil War Desk Ref. vii. 548   After Lincoln proclaimed a blockade of Confederate ports, the extensive..Southern coastline and the dearth of Union ships made it impossible for the existing Home Squadron to carry out the president's order.
2008   D. I. Hall Strategy for Victory v. 75   Fighter Command released eighty-seven Hurricanes from home squadrons and Bomber Command contributed forty-one Wellingtons and eighty-five Blenheim IVs.

1730—2008(Hide quotations)

 

  home station   n.  (a) Austral. and New Zealand the principal residence or establishment of a sheep or cattle farm; cf. outstation n. 1, homestead n. 3;  (b) a base (esp. a military one) on the territory of one's own country.

1826   Sydney Gaz. 26 July (advt.)    Some valuable hills for Sheep, making it an invaluable station for large Stockholders, as a home station.
1865   M. A. Barker Station Life N.Z. (1870) v. 31   By the time we reached the Home Station we were ready for luncheon.
1890   ‘R. Boldrewood’ Colonial Reformer (1891) 353   They were fairly on the sandy home-station track.
1903   Westm. Gaz. 30 Mar. 2/2   What military stations abroad are now reckoned as Home stations.
1941   Aeroplane Spotter 9 Oct. 174   The Havocs fly out over enemy aerodromes when the night bombers are returning and shoot them down over their home stations.
2002   Weekly Times (Austral.) (Nexis) 15 May 83   He runs 40,000 Merinos on the home station.

1826—2002(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home-stayer   n. a person, animal, etc., that stays at home.

1834   Westm. Rev. Jan. 259   The consequences of taking them out of the market are just as good for some of the home-stayers, as the consequences of their not been sent there can be bad for any of the others.
1908   G. A. B. Dewar Life & Sport in Hampshire viii. 173   Save for their impulses of migration, most butterflies are essentially home-stayers.
2003   F. Itani Deafening ii. 62   Bernard is the home-stayer. That is what Mother calls him.

1834—2003(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home student   n.  (a) a student studying in his or her own country, as contrasted with a foreign student;  (b) a student educated at home; cf. home-schooler n. 2.

1773   J. Boswell Jrnl. 19 Aug. in Jrnl. Tour Hebrides (1785) 55   Dr. Watson observed, that Glasgow University had fewer home students, since trade increased, as learning was rather incompatible with it.
1826   N.Y. Mirror 2 Sept. 47/1   He now returned to his father's house; and..settled down into a most arduous and unwavering home-student.
1876   Michigan Teacher 11 446   The amount of money received from foreign students, together with what is paid by home students who study the languages and take painting and drawing lessons, is not far from $1,600 per annum.
1979   New Scientist 29 Nov. 680/2   Because the British educational system is designed primarily to service ‘home’ students, the minority of overseas students should be treated as a ‘marginal’ cost.
2009   P. Herriot Relig. Fundamentalism iv. 128   The presence at home of one of the parents is a strong predictor of the choice to home-school (61% of home students vs. 26% of state school students).

1773—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home studio   n. a studio, esp. (in later use) a recording studio, set up or built in a person's home; (also) a portable multitrack recording device.

1876   Bangor (Maine) Whig & Daily Courier 29 Sept.   Miss Hardy is a lady of rare ability and comes of a family of artists, and we recall with emotions of pleasure, many a delightful hour passed in the gallery belonging to the home studio.
1950   Pop. Mech. Sept. 218/2   Free-lance artists who use a corner of the basement as a home studio will appreciate this large drawing-board easel.
1970   Guardian 19 Dec. 6/1   The music is boastfully casual, scraps of his home studio.
1993   Spin Apr. 89/1   Both Basehead and Sebadoh are bands whose records will always sound like something cooked up on a home studio.
2010   R. Mariz Unidentified ii. 19   I'd really like recording and mixing gear for a home studio.

1876—2010(Hide quotations)

 

  home taping   n. the action or process of recording radio or television broadcasts on audio or video tape at home.

1956   Berkshire Eagle (Pittsfield, Mass.) 17 Aug. 9/4 (caption)    The tape will permit home taping of TV shows.
1981   Times 29 Oct. 3/8   The campaign..has as its theme ‘home taping is killing music’.
2010   B. S. Noveck in D. Lathrop & L. Ruma Open Govt. iv. 68   Fearing a loss of ad revenue from customers' home taping, the movie studios and television broadcasters initially feared the new tools.

1956—2010(Hide quotations)

 

  home telephone   n. a telephone installed in the home.

1893   Cassell's Family Mag. 878/2 (heading)    A loud home telephone.
1978   Guardian Weekly 8 Oct. 10/2   If—repeat, if—the security forces have been tapping the home telephone of the editor of the Economist.
2006   W. Werris Alphabet. Life 280   I'd received many calls on my home telephone from individuals wanting to place orders with me rather than through the proper bookstore channels.

1893—2006(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home territory   n. territory belonging to one's home, country, etc.; (fig.) a subject or area with which one is familiar or comfortable; cf. home ground n.

1703   Voy. to Antipodes 35   They have no Gold or Silver growing in the Bowels of their home Territories.
1833   G. P. Scrope Princ. Polit. Econ. xv. 390   Treating the most fertile and accessible of our colonies as an extension of our home territory.
1957   Analysts Jrnl. 13 142/2   Automation..is home territory for Clark Controller.
1993   Guardian 4 Feb. ii. 11/4   Johnson was on home territory, Schubert, Mahler and Strauss, and working with an artist with radiant equipment, a big operatic colourful voice.
2010   J. C. A. Boeyens Chem. Cosmol. ix. 310   Space exploration has confirmed the theoretical picture of the solar system, which we now consider as home territory.

1703—2010(Hide quotations)

 

  home theatre   n. equipment designed to reproduce at home the experience of being in a theatre; spec. (orig. N. Amer.) = home cinema n.   (cf. theatre n. 2b).

1914   Times 19 Dec. 10 (advt.)    With town entertainments scarcer than ever, this world-popular instrument [sc. a ‘His Master's Voice’ gramophone] becomes indispensable. It is a veritable Home theatre.
1971   Washington Post 15 May d16/2   While the TV sets packaged in consoles may be fine, the cabinetry is often inferior. Most designers will be happy to testify to the fact that the ‘giant home theaters’ are aesthetic sins.
1999   Personal Computer World May 90/1   This kit is good enough to serve as your PC's speakers or as a capable addition to a home theatre.
2009   T. Smyth & T. Dewar Raising Village xiii. 128   Now we shop online, seek entertainment from our home theatres, and plug into MP3 players.

1914—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home tie   n.  (a) an emotional bond or association with one's home (usually in plural);  (b) Sport (chiefly Brit.) a fixture played at a team's home ground; a home game (cf. sense B. 4).

1829   Emmanuel in Literary Gaz. 14 Nov. 742/3   Around thee draw thine own home ties.
1911   J. E. Stuart Educ. Catholic Girls xii. 207   The only security is a complete armour of self-control based on faith, and a home tie which is a guarantee for happiness.
1931   Manch. Guardian 10 Feb. 4/5   Swinton, should they survive to-morrow's game at Featherstone, will have a home tie with Halifax.
2001   N. G. Schiller & G. E. Fouron Georges woke up Laughing iv. 77   Many immigrants thus continue to nurture their home ties as a source of financial security.
2009   D. Macionis When Robin stopped Bobbing i. 11   A home tie against Middlesborough looked on paper like a desirable one.

1829—2009(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home time   n.  (a) time spent at home;  (b) = going-home time at home adv. Phrases 8.

1883   Unity (Chicago) 1 May 87/2   Many of our Liberal churches in the West have but one service on the Sunday. The rest of the day is home-time for the congregation.
1974   New Society 28 310/1   They remained there with their teacher until home-time at 11 am, except for two five-minute and one longer break.
1996   F. Popcorn & L. Marigold Clicking ii. 199   She only flashed the green light after Katzenberg..vowed that Steven would still have plenty of home-time to spend with Kate and the kids.
2003   P. Kay et al. Peter Kay's Phoenix Nights: Scripts 1st Ser. Episode 2. 34/2   Come on, Captain, home time. I want to lock up.

1883—2003(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home truth   n. a disagreeable fact about oneself, esp. as pointed out by another person.

1697   G. Stanhope tr. P. Charron Of Wisdom II. iii. iii. 412   Frankness of Humour, and Home-Truths by way of Admonition or Reproof..are yet seldom well taken.
1711   Ld. Shaftesbury Characteristicks III. Misc. v. iii. 328   If he has indiscreetly spoken some Home-Truth.
1843   G. W. Le Fevre Life Trav. Physician II. i. xiii. 16   People who pique themselves upon telling home truths.
1935   C. Isherwood Mr. Norris changes Trains xv. 243   Arthur's orientally sensitive spirit shrank from the rough, healthy, modern catch-as-catch-can of home-truths and confessions.
1992   J. Torrington Swing Hammer Swing! xxii. 190   Let's face some home truths, Clay; you're a moral skunk, a feculent fuckup of a man.

1697—1992(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home turf   n. = home ground n.

1864   Continental Monthly Jan. 54/2   He had one foot in the stirrup, and the other on the soft home-turf.
1916   Country Life in Amer. Jan. 31/2   Similar success on the polo field can be chronicled; not only on the home turf where every summer brings a long series of well contested matches.
1973   N.Y. Times 22 Feb. 29/1   ‘Jive’..is very daring. Daring quite simply because it challenges Jerome Robbins on his home turf.
2000   J. Goodwin Danny Boy i. 14   By the time the trusty Donny Dodger has carried me back to home turf, I can sense I'm losing it slightly.
2010   P. Daniels Class Actor xxix. 191   He was having to go all surreal and internal—which wasn't his home turf (or mine) by any stretch of the imagination.

1864—2010(Hide quotations)

 

  home unit   n. chiefly Austral. and New Zealand a flat or apartment, usually one owned by the occupant.

1929   Sydney Morning Herald 17 Aug. 4/5   These modern home units are just nearing completion, being specially constructed to fill the long-needed want of the small family.
1933   Pop. Mech. Dec. 847/2   With the present four-story plan, Roadtown would house 200 home units per mile.
1973   Sun-Herald (Sydney) 26 Aug. 11/2 (heading)    A bolt of lightning damaged a block of home units at Vaucluse.
1993   M. Gee Going West (1994) 49   Dorothy Skeat..stayed on in the house until the mid sixties, when she sold it for a very nice price and bought a home unit in Epsom.

1929—1993(Hide quotations)

 

  home visit   n. a visit to a person's home, esp. (in later use) one made to a patient by a health-care professional, etc.

1750   Compl. Hist. Piratical States Barbary 93   It is very seldom that the Christians pay any of these home Visits, because the Algerines..have their several Rendezvous.
1869   Lancet 3 Apr. 462/2   In 1865, 203,393 Assistance doctors' home visits were made.
1982   M. T. Tsuang Schizophrenia viii. 65   [Patients] can be helped by..home visits from..a psychiatric community nurse.
2007   N.Y. Times Mag. 7 Jan. 10/3   Fortunately, the patient responded to a home visit by a multidisciplinary team of three consultants using psychodynamic dream therapy.

1750—2007(Hide quotations)

 
 

  homeware   n.  (a) a commodity produced in one's home or country (now rare);  (b) = houseware n. at house n.1 and int. Compounds 10.

1782   J. Elphinston in tr. Martial Epigrams Contents p. xviii/1   Home-ware.
1847   Morning Post 3 Dec. 8/6   The potato market still preserves its equilibrium as to prices, with a current demand for all classes of home ware.
1868   Amer. Agriculturalist June 229/2   The same material as that used by the Indians for their home ware, such as plates, dishes, etc.
1902   House Furnishing Rev. Jan. 37/1   British manufacturers..resorted to repeated lowering of their selling prices, compelling corresponding reductions in home wares made at far higher cost.
1956   N.Y. Times 22 July iii. 7/4   He pays off loans incurred to buy other appliances or homewares.
2006   K. Adams & I. Brace Introd. to Market & Social Res. vi. 72   The company would like to know whether selling the new general homeware will take sales away from the kitchenware.

1782—2006(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home waters   n. the area of sea around one's own country.

1838   Tait's Edinb. Mag. Mar. 158/2   The consequent agitation which must often possess those who are re-entering upon home waters.
1915   R. Kipling Fringes of Fleet 26   From the peace of the German side he had entered our hectic home-waters.
2003   Navy News Sept. 28/1   Awarded DSO in 1944 for making Sceptre one of most successful S-boats in home waters and part in Operation Source, towing X-class midget submarines to attack Tirpitz.

1838—2003(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home wear   n. clothing worn in the home, typically of an informal, simple, or comfortable sort; the action or fact of wearing such clothing.

1836   Morning Post 2 July 6/2   Young ladies for home wear have dresses of white Scotch cambric.
1878   Advance (Chicago) 7 Feb. 87/3   Various colored threads..to mark the various articles of home wear.
1915   Home Chat 20 Nov. 326/1   Evening dress..has ceased to exist, its place being taken by smart little demi-toilettes for restaurant and theatre wear, and rest-gowns that are really restful for home wear.
2007   J. Chamberlain King Hui 75   This time she was dressed in a cotton trouser suit with wooden peg buttons—simple home wear.

1836—2007(Hide quotations)

 

home-whining   n. Obsolete rare a whining expressive of a desire to go home.

a1657   G. Daniel Trinarchodia: Henry V cxvii, in Poems (1878) IV. 130   Soe farre Devided..as hee shall not heare Home-whineinges.

a1657—a1657(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home wind   n. a wind blowing towards one's home or country.

1732   E. Boyd Happy-unfortunate 122   The Dutchess had now been six Months missing, and was on the first home Wind on her Return.
1855   H. W. Longfellow Hiawatha iv. 61   Ruler shall you be..Of the home-wind.
1892   R. Kipling Barrack-room Ballads 177   The East Wind roared..‘And me men call the Home-Wind, for I bring the English home’.
1996   S. Maitland Angel Maker (1998) 12   Will he come..out of the sunset boldly with the sails set filled with a home wind and a golden light?

1732—1996(Hide quotations)

 

  home-woe   n.  [after German Heimweh Heimweh n.] now rare homesickness.Originally and chiefly in translations from German.

1838   Bentley's Misc. Mar. 490   The next class of songs most popular among the Swiss are those expressive of their attachment to their native hills, and of their melancholy or ‘home-woe’ when away from them.
1894   T. Hardy Life's Little Ironies 136   One of the worst of the sufferers from this home-woe, as he called it in his own tongue, was Matthäus Tina.
1921   Open Court Mar. 191   Ah, blame men not, that, yielding to the homewoe's ceaseless urge, They yearn from land to land..Seeking ever the golden shores of desire.

1838—1921(Hide quotations)

 
 

  home worship   n. worship conducted in a person's home as opposed to in a church or other public place.

1849   Sketches & Incidents I. 84   Often..did strange and affecting images of that home worship, the supplications and tears of his wife and little ones for their wandering father, pass over his memory.
1917   Biblical World 50 110/2   In the older type of home worship three factors were prominent: a priest, a guidebook, and a definite plan of worship.
2005   C. Barner-Barry Contemp. Paganism iv. 95   Usually, home worship for Pagans involves only members of the circle, coven, grove, kindred, hearth or nest, and their invited guests.

1849—2005(Hide quotations)

 

This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, September 2011).

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