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Anglo-Catholic, adj. and n.

Forms:  see Anglo- comb. form   and catholic adj. and n. Also with lower-case initial(s).(Show Less)
Frequency (in current use): 
Origin: Formed within English, by compounding. Etymons: Anglo- comb. form, catholic adj.
 A. adj.

 1. Of or belonging to the Church of England as constituted by the Reformation, considered as a part of the universal Church (see catholic adj. 6b(d)). Occasionally also: of or belonging to the Roman Catholic Church in England. Now rare.

1814   Protestant Advocate Apr. 327   Rome; whose church is Roman Catholic only, as ours is Anglo Catholic.
1838   C. Seager (title)    The Daily Service of the Anglo-Catholic Church, adapted to family or private worship.
1838   C. M. Le Bas in Brit. Crit. 24 83   Both of them appeal to the Homilies and Formularies of the Anglo-Catholic Church.
1838   W. Palmer Treat. Church of Christ I. p. vi,   Many of the ancient errors against which the masters of Anglo-catholic theology contended in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, have been permitted to sink into oblivion.
1859   Literary Churchman 5 18   The price of the Anglo-Catholic Library.
1928   T. S. Eliot For Lancelot Andrewes Pref. p. ix,   The general point of view [of the essays presented here] may be described as classicist in literature, royalist in politics, and anglo-catholic in religion.
2002   Rev. Politics 64 93   Wollstonecraft draws from an eclectic collection of sources—Plato's Republic, the Anglo-Catholic tradition, and Rousseau's Emile.

1814—2002(Hide quotations)


 2. Of or relating to the movement for the revival of Catholic doctrine and observance in the Church of England, which began at Oxford University in 1833 (cf. Oxford Movement n.); belonging to, supporting, or characteristic of this movement. Hence: having, or characterized by, High Church principles.

1838   J. H. Newman Lect. Prophetical Office of Church (ed. 2) xi. 334   The Anglo-Catholic system [1837 Anglican system]..takes middle ground between Romanism and mere Protestantism.
1842   I. Taylor Anc. Christianity II. 446   Much which has graced the pages of Anglo-Catholic writers, is simple plagiarism..from the Acta Conciliorum!
1843   W. L. Alexander (title)    Anglo-Catholicism not Apostolical: Being an inquiry into the scriptural authority of the leading doctrines advocated in the ‘Tracts for the Times’..of the Anglo-Catholic School.
1891   Publ. Mod. Lang. Assoc. Amer. 6 43   In July, 1833, Keble preached his sermon on ‘The National Apostasy’, an event which is assumed by trustworthy historians on [sic] the beginning of the Anglo-Catholic movement.
1927   S. Lewis Elmer Gantry xi. 168   He had..become fanatically Anglo-Catholic.
1951   Sc. Jrnl. Theol. 4 160   This theory, sometimes derided by its opponents as ‘Jocist romanticism’, has been the main support, particularly in Anglo-Catholic circles, of much Christian social doctrine.
2006   New Yorker 17 Apr. 59/3   Christ Episcopal was in the High Church tradition, a full-bore ‘bells and smells’ Anglo-Catholic experience, with Sanctus bells and incense.

1838—2006(Hide quotations)

 B. n.

 1. A believer in the continuity of the English Church with the Catholic Church; spec. an advocate of the revival of Catholic doctrine and observance in the Church of England. Hence: a High Church Anglican.

1838   J. H. Newman Lect. Prophetical Office of Church (ed. 2) i. 53   We Anglo-Catholics do not profess a different religion from the Romanists, we profess their Faith all but their corruptions.
1839   Brit. Critic July 250 in Times 11 July 5/3   We will observe, that no philosopher can be surprised, and that no consistent Anglo-Catholic be sorry, at any one exchanging Friendism for Romanism.
1842   P. Gell Serm. Visitation Archdeacon of Derby 33   The Anglo-Catholics consider it essential to be ordained by bishops receiving their appointment in regular succession from the apostles.
1849   C. Brontë Shirley I. i. 2   One [dish] that a Catholic—ay, even an Anglo-Catholic—might eat on Good Friday.
1925   Contemp. Rev. Oct. 426   Many Anglo-Catholics desire the introduction of the Epiklesis, or Invocation of the Holy Spirit, at the time of the consecration of the elements.
1945   E. Waugh Brideshead Revisited i. i. 25   Beware of the Anglo-Catholics,—they're all sodomites with unpleasant accents.
2005   Daily Tel. 21 July 24/2   The evangelicals obliged by shouting a few anti-papist slogans, while the Anglo-Catholics psalmed away sweetly.

1838—2005(Hide quotations)


2. Church Hist. An advocate of an independent but doctrinally Catholic, as opposed to Protestant, English Church during the Reformation. Obs. rare.

1858   J. A. Froude Hist. Eng. (ed. 2) III. xvii. §1. 517   The Anglo-catholics did not intend to repeat the blunder of showing a leaning towards the Romanists.

1858—1858(Hide quotations)


This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, December 2008).

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