α. OE docga, ME–15 doggue, ME–16 doge, ME–16 dogge, ME–18 dogg, ME– dog, 16 dogue, 16 togg (Welsh English); Sc. pre-17 dogge, pre-17 17 doge, pre-17 17 dogg, pre-17 17– dog.
β. lME doog, lME–16 dooge; Sc. pre-17 doig, pre-17 doigg, pre-17 doog, pre-17 doogg.
γ. 15–16 dodge.
δ. Sc. pre-17 dowge, pre-17 18– doug, pre-17 18– dowg.
ε. Eng. regional 18– doog
(Leics.), 18– dug
(chiefly north midl.); Sc. 18– dug; Irish English 18– dug (Wexford and north.).
ζ. Eng. regional 18 dorg, 18– dawg (Hants.), 18– doag (Northumberland); U.S. regional 18– dawg, 18– dorg; Caribbean 19– dorg; Austral. 18– dorg. (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):
Origin: Of unknown origin.
The word belongs to a set of words of uncertain or phonologically problematic etymology with a stem-final geminated g
in Old English which is not due to West Germanic consonant gemination and therefore does not undergo assibilation. These words form both a morphological and a semantic group, as they are usually Old English weak masculine nouns and denote animals; compare , , , , Old English sugga
(see ), Old English wicga
(see ), and perhaps
It has been suggested that these words show expressive gemination, perhaps due to their being originally hypocoristic forms. (For discussion see R. M. Hogg ‘Two Geminate Consonants in Old English’ in J. Anderson Lang. Form & Ling. Variation
) 187–202.) For some of the words, substratal influence has also been considered (compare ). Because attestation of these words in Old English is generally rare and confined to glossaries and onomastic evidence (as in the case of ), if they are attested at all, and also because there is often a better-attested synonym (in this case, ), it seems likely that the words were stylistically marked in Old English, i.e. considered non-literary or informal.
The word is attested twice as a place-name element (in the genitive plural) in a 14th-cent. copy of an Anglo-Saxon charter of 941 granting land at Buckland Newton, Dorset (doggene berwe
is probably to be identified with Dogbury Hill, an ancient hill fort):
Bounds (Sawyer 474) in W. de G. Birch Cartularium Saxonicum
Endelang stremes on doggene ford þanen up on doggene berwe.
It is also perhaps attested (in the compound doggiþorn
) in a late 12th-cent. copy of another charter purportedly recording a grant of land in Gloucestershire made a
959, although it is unclear whether the form here represents this word or its derivative :
Bounds (Sawyer 664) in W. de G. Birch Cartularium Saxonicum
Of pislege on doggiþorn, of þam þorne to eadingham.
Compare also the following place names: Dogeflod
, Surrey (1257; formerly Dogflood, now lost), Doggeworth
, Devon (1281; now Dogsworthy), etc.
Also early as an element in bynames and surnames; compare: Syward Dogheafd
1195), Richard Doggetall'
(1201), Robertus Doggefel
(1201), Robertus Doggisheued
(1204), etc. Compare also Roger le Doge
The word occurs in a number of other European languages, considerably later than in English, and in many cases with the identifying attribute ‘English’. All of these instances probably show borrowing either directly or indirectly < English. Compare Dutch dog
(16th cent.; in early modern Dutch also dogge
), German Dogge
(16th cent. as dock
; 17th cent. as dogg
), Swedish dogg
(17th cent.), Danish dogge
1700); French dogue
(15th cent. in Middle French denoting a type of hunting dog; 14th cent. as an insult used to a Frenchman by an Englishman), Spanish dogo
(1644), Portuguese dogue
(1789; 1727 as †dogo
), Italian dogo
(19th cent.; a
1712 in the diminutive doghetto
). In all of these languages the word is applied more narrowly to particular varieties of dogs, usually mastiffs. This probably reflects the types of dogs which were imported from or associated with Britain, and probably has no bearing on the early meaning of the word in English.
The etymology of the English word is unknown. No likely cognates have been identified with a meaning at all close to that of the English word, and all attempted etymological explanations are extremely speculative. A word of this phonological shape is hard to explain as a regular development from a Germanic base, but nonetheless a number of attempts have been made. One attempt sees a connection with the Germanic base of , assuming an original meaning such as ‘useful or faithful animal’, but this has not met with general acceptance. In this connection an Old English personal name Dycga
is sometimes compared as a possible formal parallel from the same base, but it is quite possible that the personal name has no connection with
Another attempted etymology takes the word ultimately from the Indo-European base probably meaning ‘run’ which is probably reflected by Sanskrit dhav-
(see ), but this poses a number of formal difficulties. Another suggestion is that the word shows a development from an Indo-European base meaning ‘to be or become unconscious’, but this involves a very large number of unattested stages in the semantic development (assuming a development ‘bundle’ > ‘cuddly bundle’ > ‘pet’ > ‘dog’), and also involves a very uncertain original base form.
(which are first attested in the second half of the 15th cent.) and the
(which first appear only in the 19th cent., but are now characteristic of many regional varieties) apparently both show the same tendency to lengthen short ŏ
before a velar, but at different times and consequently with different results (compare E. J. Dobson Eng. Pronunc. 1500–1700
(ed. 2, 1968
) II. §53 note 2). The , apparently reflecting a pronunciation with an affricate, are unexplained; it is possible that some of the Middle English spellings could reflect a similar pronunciation. The
show the development of a diphthong from an original velar glide (see A. J. Aitken & C. Macafee Older Scots Vowels
) §16.4); Ling. Atlas Scotl.
) III. 345 records pronunciations reflecting such forms from northern and north-eastern Scotland. The
(very common in Scots, especially in central Scotland) probably reflect sporadic raising of short ŏ
and (in most cases) subsequent unrounding to
; the raising probably occurred in late Middle English (compare the 15th-cent. form frugge
at ), and is apparently evidenced in both dog
in the speech of Isaac Newton (who was born in south Lincolnshire) in the second half of the 17th cent. (see E. J. Dobson Eng. Pronunc. 1500–1700
(ed. 2, 1968
) I. 249); J. Wright Eng. Dial. Gram.
) 407 records pronunciations with
(or a sound close to it) from Lancashire and Derbyshire, and with
from Lancashire, Derbyshire, and Devon; Ling. Atlas Eng.
) (Ph40) records pronunciations with
in two discrete pockets: one in the north-west midlands (including south Lancashire and Cheshire) and the other in the east midlands (centred on east Leicestershire, Rutland, and north Northamptonshire), and pronunciations with
in two further discrete pockets: one centred on Bedfordshire and the other on Devon.
and in , , after classical Latin canis
in similar use.
b. fig. In phrases with of-complement (now freq. after ), denoting a person or personified thing likened to a dog, esp. in being vicious, watchful, subservient, or ravening.
Þet þe dogge of helle cume.
1592 G. Harvey Certaine Sonnets i, in 61
Dead is the Dog of spite: I, that for pitie praised him aliue..Am not with sory carcasses to striue.
1667 Milton x. 616
See with what heat these Dogs of Hell advance.
1745 J. Wesley
Those dogs of hell are let loose to prey upon your soul.
1825 J. Wilson Noctes Ambrosianae xix, in Mar. 367
Fiends ride forth a-souling, For the dogs of havock are yelping and yowling.
1837 S. Lover Handy Andy in 1 173
Lose no time, Murphy, my boy: let loose the dogs of law on him, and harass him till he'd wish the d—l had him.
1924 ‘L. Malet’
Dogs of want.
22 Mar. (Sports section),
Football is surrounded by the ravenous, slavering dogs of greed.
c. With distinguishing word denoting variety or use.bull, cattle, cur, field, guide, gun, parlour, sheep, toy dog, etc.: see the first element.
Þe dogge of helle..þefule cur dogge.
Prol. l. 633 (MED),
As he souȝt his logging, he appid oppon a whelp..That lay vndir a steyir, a grete Walssh dogg, That bare a-boute his nek a grete huge clogg, Be-cause þat he was spetouse.
1516 R. Fabyan ccxxxi. f. Civ,
A mastife or great curre Dogge.
1596 J. Dalrymple tr. J. Leslie
The secund kynde of hunting dog is..a beist of a meruellous audacitie and suiftnes.
1633 T. James 93
Bucke Dogs, of a very good race.
1672 J. Josselyn 15
The Indian Dog is a Creature begotten 'twixt a Wolf and a Fox.
1813 P. Hawker
My Newfoundland dog..had decamped.
1870 B. Clayton 6
Field dogs are used for field purposes only.
1889 St. J. Tyrwhitt in 15 Feb. 253
Society kept him..painting toy dogs.
1893 E. Carrington vi. 52
Very famous cattle dogs.
1957 P. G. Wodehouse Let. 16 Dec. in
A most charming—and very boisterous—animal, who can't get it into his head that he is not a lap dog.
21 Jan. c9
These past seven years he hasn't been using the well-known rabbit dog, the beagle.
d. A dog kept and used for hunting; = .
l. 1839 (MED),
Þey..shoten on him so don on bere Dogges..þanne men doth þe bere beyte.
c1325 in R. H. Robbins
A doseyn of doggen ne myhte hyre drawe.
Burnez him [sc. the boar] broȝt to bent, And doggez to dethe endite.
xviii. ciii. sig. ggiijv/1,
Suche beestys [sc. badgers]..ben huntyd and chassyd wyth hunters dogges.
?a1500 Hunting of Hare in H. Weber
Ychon of hus hase a dogge or too; For grehowndes have thou no care.
1533 in tr. Erasmus sig. G.iii,
Pentheus..dyd non other thinge all his lyfe but hunte & followe dogges.
1649 E. Reynolds
The Dogge in hunting of the Deere.
1748 T. Salmon i. 14
Some Gentlemen of the Town always keep a Pack of Dogs.
1823 Scott I. ix. 237
A sounder..had..withdrawn in pursuit of him all the dogs..and the greater part of the huntsmen.
1858 Jan. 255/2
A man hunting with a fowling piece in his hand, and a pack of dogs..laid on to a turkey.
1903 A. C. Doyle iii. 100
The dogs opened in front of me... I could hear the huntsman shouting his congratulations.
2001 26 Oct. 4/8
There might not be enough time for a Bill to ban hunting with dogs in this session of Parliament.
†e. A particular kind of dog or hound. Obs.
▸a1398 J. Trevisa tr. Bartholomaeus Anglicus
(BL Add. 27944)
II. xviii. xxvi. 1168
A gentil hounde..haþ lasse fleissh þan a dogge and schorter here and more þynne.
Dogge, shyppe-herdys hownde, gregarius.
1530 J. Palsgrave 214/2
Dogge, a mischevous curre, dogue.
f. colloq. With the, in pl. Greyhounds; (hence) greyhound racing, or a greyhound race meeting. to go to the dogs : to attend a greyhound race meeting (sometimes with punning allusion to ).
1898 4 Feb. 5/2
There are lots of people interested who are not betting on the dogs.
1927 28 July 7/4
‘Going to the dogs’ has..lost..its old suggestion of a descent to dissipation and ruin. Since greyhound racing at the White City..came into existence the expression has suggested a good adventure.
1934 C. Brooks 1 July
‘I don't believe,’ he said ‘that if a man or a woman goes to the dogs or the races they are necessarily going to ruin themselves.’
1948 G. Frost xv. 175
Doping, swindling, thuggery and even forgery have been practised at the dogs, but I believe the spiv aspect of greyhound racing is much exaggerated.
1959 13 June 1016/3
He..failed his Bar examinations because he preferred horse-racing, the ‘dogs’ and dancing.
9 Mar. tgif 24,
I limited my betting to the dogs, while my husband concentrated on the Gulfstream horse races.
With distinguishing word.
b. Any of various wild or feral members of the dog family ( Canidae).bush, hunting, native, pariah, pye, raccoon, red, wild dog, etc.: see the first element.
1780 I. Munro Let. Mar. in
A species of the common cur, called a pariar dog.
1838 XII. 371/1
The animal..he describes under the name of Lycaon, the Hunting Dog.
1890 A. Conan Doyle xii. 231,
I found it was Dawson's wife, all cut into ribbons, and half eaten by jackals and native dogs.
1957 P. J. Darlington vi. 394
Cuon (the Dhole or Red Dog), widely distributed in southern and eastern Asia.
2002 J. Cunliffe
Others include the African wild dog, also called the Cape hunting dog and African hunting dog.
c. orig. U.S. regional. With distinguishing word: an aquatic salamander; esp. any of several smaller relatives of the mud puppy, Necturus maculosus.river, water dog: see the first element.
1859 J. R. Bartlett
Water-dogs, the Western name for various species of salamanders;..sometimes called Water-puppies and Ground-puppies.
1876 G. B. Goode 13
Proteida. (River-dogs, hell-benders.)
1949 Sept. 593/1
The best known is probably the common mud puppy or water dog (Necturus maculosus).
1984 P. Matthiessen vi. 189
The pool was..teeming with dragonflies and torpid salamanders—‘water dogs’.
Denoting a person or thing (with varying degrees of contempt or admiration).
b. With modifying adjective (in playful reproof, congratulation, or commiseration): a fellow, a chap. Also: (without adjective) a lively or rakish person.See also , , , , .
1597 Shakespeare v. v. 70
And how comest thou hither, Where no man neuer comes, but that sad dog, That brings me foode.
a1618 Q. Anne Let. to Buckingham in H. Ellis
1st Ser. III. 101
My kind Dog..You doe verie well in lugging the Sowes eare [sc. James I], and I..would have yow doe so still upon condition that yow continue a watchfull dog to him.
1682 T. D'Urfey iv. i. 37,
I would have him secur'd, that I might know where to find the young Dog.
1719 D. Defoe 104,
I was an unfortunate Dog.
He has come into his property... He's a lucky dog.
1846 ‘Lord Chief Baron’
Bon vivant, a choice spirit, a jolly dog.
Well! we are gay dogs, there's no denying.
1909 J. R. Ware 113/1
An Irishman has always been ‘a dog at a ballad’.
1952 M. Kennedy 16
George is an affectionate brother, but he was always a dull dog.
1994 L. Block
His wife had been bothered by someone calling and hanging up... It was a girlfriend of his... ‘You dog, you,’ Gerry Billings said.
c. slang (chiefly U.S., Austral., and N.Z.). A person who betrays his or her associates; an informer. Freq. in to turn (also play) dog .
1846 21 Feb. 210/2
Dick White has been playing the ‘dog’, and he and the ‘coppers’ are now within ten minutes of the house.
1888 ‘R. Boldrewood’ I. v. 69
Are you going to turn dog, now you know the way in?
1901 E. Dyson xix. 231
‘Tell me how you come to be in the Stream drive that night.’ Dick..answered nothing. ‘Come on, old man, I won't turn dog.’
1908 4 Apr. 5
It was a very contemptible thing..for Machray to ‘turn dog’ on his mates.
1969 11 Oct. 1/1
A ‘dog’ is the term applied by prisoners to fellow-prisoners who turn informer.
1992 26 Apr. 18/3
A yellow dog, in the latest gangland slang, is an informer or rat.
†d. Short for . Obs. nonce-use.
1847 Tennyson Prol. 6
He had climb'd across the spikes,..he had breathed the Proctor's dogs.
e. School slang. A lookout; short for Now rare.
1870 Oct. 676/1
The boys withdrew..to read the forbidden prints, three taking their turn at a time, whilst three more ‘played dog’—that is, stood ready to bark a warning should a pion be seen approaching.
1959 I. Opie & P. Opie xvii. 373
In Kirkcaldy watch-dog [i.e., a boy keeping lookout] becomes either ‘watchie’ or ‘dog’.
f. slang (orig. U.S.). Chiefly Horse Racing. A horse that is slow, worthless, or difficult to handle.Cf. .
1893 in G. Ade
That settles it, Steve; it's the last time I'll ever play that dog.
1899 C. L. Cullen 82
‘The dog ran a rank last the last time out!’ said the ticket-writer.
1945 S. J. Baker ix. 175
A dog is a horse difficult to handle.
1955 T. Rattigan iii,
Is it going to be dry at Newbury?.. Walled Garden's a dog on heavy going.
1958 J. Hislop xii. 132
A ‘dog’ means a horse who cannot be relied upon to do his best..a horse may be a ‘dog’ because there is something wrong with him.
22 Oct. 56
City Zip breezed an easy five furlongs..around the ‘dogs’ over the inner turf course.
g. slang (orig. U.S.). A thing of poor quality; something worthless or inferior; a failure, a ‘dud’.
1917 P. G. Wodehouse in July 37
There is no doubt about the spuriousness of ‘Old Friends’ [sc. a play]—it is a dog of the worst description.
1929 T. Gordon 170
He insisted upon me singing it... During rehearsal, we tried to show him it was a dog.
1952 10 Aug. 8/3
‘[The book will have] a record-breaking sale.’ ‘Yes, unless of course the book turns out to be a dog.’
1968 L. O'Donnell ix. 118
I'd be a fool not to take advantage. I had a real dog on my hands.
1970 15 Aug. 65/1
Audiences are in a mess... They don't know what they want... So many movies are dogs.
2001 T. Winton
Surfers, dopeheads, deviants, dreamers..sensed that the town was a dog but the landscape got its hooks in and people stayed.
h. slang (derogatory, usu. considered offensive). orig. U.S. An unattractive woman or girl. Also (occas.): an unattractive man.
1937 J. Weidman xxi. 203,
I don't like to have a bunch of dogs floating around. While I'm at it, I might as well hire something with a well-turned ass and a decently uplifted tit.
1948 I. Shaw xix. 345
She had fat legs and the seams of her stockings were crooked, as always. Why is it, Lewis thought automatically, why is it the dogs are the ones that join up?
1968 C. F. Baker et al.
Dog, an ugly person, male. An ugly person, female.
Pretty well anyone could have stood next to the guys in Take That and looked like a dog. They were great-looking guys.
2003 K. Corum 20
‘If she's a dog, I am going to be so pissed off at you.’ ‘Arthur, this is not a date.’
Specialized uses, denoting various mechanical devices for gripping or holding, typically having or consisting of a tooth or claw.
†b. Mining. A grappling iron for clutching and withdrawing props or tools used in well-boring or mining. Obs.
1747 W. Hooson sig. D,
For drawing up the Rods, we have..an Iron Instrument called a Bitch, and for unscrewing them, two more we call Dogs.
1881 9 152
Lifting-dog, a claw-hook for grasping a column of bore-rods while raising or lowering them.
1899 12 Aug. 12/1
Many accidents which now occur from the drawing of timber [from mines] would be obviated if the use of the..‘dog and chain’..were made compulsory.
21. Firearms. = . Now hist. and rare.
[Probably after either French chien (late 16th cent. in Middle French in this sense), Spanish cán (1599 in Minsheu), or Italian cane (1611 in Florio).]
a1679 P. Monckton in
I immediately..clapt hold of the dog of the blunderbus.
c1686 R. Law
He lets fall the dog, the pistoll goes off.
1829 2 221
Very many of the dangers to which we are exposed from the accidental discharge of fire-arms, arises from the..construction of the lock, the trigger of which is at all times immediately connected to the dog.
1866 2 June 385/3,
I claim..the combination of the trigger with the dog and sliding guard to fire the gun.
1961 36 8
The term dog was given to the cocking device of a flintlock pistol or rifle, specifically to the jaws of the hammer that held the flint.
22. An implement for drawing poles out of the ground (cf. ), or for extracting roots of broom, furze, etc. (cf. , ). Now hist. and rare.
1727 R. Bradley
(at cited word),
An instrument called a Dog for the more easy drawing the Poles out of the ground.
1750 W. Ellis V. 128
With a wooden and iron Dog (if Hands will not do alone) they raise the Poles out of the Ground.
1805 R. W. Dickson II. 752
The poles [are] drawn up by a tool for the purpose, which is termed a dog or pulling-hook.
1893 C. A. Mollyson xxv. 290
The dog, we presume, is still extant..We will quote..a description of the broom-dog... ‘It operates somewhat like a toothdrawer and eradicates the broom in an instant.’
1969 J. Henderson 186
At picking time the pole was loosened by a gadget called a dog—so there was a dog for loosening poles.
†23. A kind of drag or brake for the wheel of a vehicle. Obs. rare.
1795 13 255
This simple and useful contrivance, called here a Dog, or Wheel-Drag.
24. A device for toasting bread, etc., before a fire. Cf. . Now rare (Eng. regional in later use).
1825 J. T. Brockett 58
Dog..a wooden utensil in form of a dog, with iron teeth, for toasting bread.
1900 II. 110/2
Dog... An instrument made either of wood or iron, used for toasting bread.
†25. A lever used by blacksmiths in hooping cartwheels. Obs. rare.This meaning is assigned to the word in quot. in the 1892 edition; but the object thrown is not mentioned or referred to anywhere else in the text, and it could equally well be the implement described at sense .
He saw the defenders throw a dogg at each other, and then grapple with one another.]
1825 J. Jamieson Suppl.
Dog, a lever used by blacksmiths in shoeing, i.e. hooping cart-wheels.
a. A projection or tooth acting as a detent, e.g. in a lock or clutch mechanism; a catch which engages the teeth of a ratchet wheel; = .
1825 15 Oct. 437/1
There is a ratchet-wheel formed upon the back part of the nave, with a box..containing a dog, or pall, with a spring on the back of it.
1853 C. Tomlinson in III. 142
There is a dog or lever..which catches into the top of the bolt, and thereby serves as an additional security against its being forced back.
1857 P. M. Colquhoun 32
The dog, or catch, prevents its running down.
1921 9 Sept. 6/4,
I found a little difficulty at first in changing up on the indirect gears..and a little clicking of the dogs when going into top.
1948 A. W. Turner & E. J. Johnson 20
These [sc. ratchet clutches] are composed of a set of teeth or gears engaged by tapered spring teeth in ‘dogs’.
(U.S. Navy Bureau of Naval Personnel)
A ratchet handle has a reversing lever which operates a pawl (or dog) inside the head of the tool.
1992 Feb. 43/1
Heavy duty ratchet and dog assemblies—no flimsy anti-reverse lever.
†b. A stop or cam for changing or reversing the direction of motion of a part. Obs.
1840 June 387
What I claim as my invention..is the combination of the bearer and rack-wheel,..worked by the dogs in such a manner as to change the pressure alternately from the bearer to the feeder.
This wheel is constructed in the usual manner, with this exception, that the hub is fitted with a dog or adjustable cam... The dog z, in coming in contact with the catch v, will raise and unhook it.
To stop the pawl at one-half, one-third, or two-thirds of such stroke, I employ a movable dog or slide.
1831 23 Sept. 2/6
The dogs (as they are termed) which held the launch were struck off, and the Thunderer moved majestically into her proper element.
1884 W. F. Shaw 65
The ‘dogs’ are knocked away, and the vessel is expected to be seen sliding gracefully down the ‘slip’ into the water.
1918 26 Aug. 2/4
Shortly before 11 o'clock the dogs holding the cradles and timbers beneath the vessel to the slipway were removed.
1978 J. Adkins 37
The ways (slides) are greased and as soon as the dogs (wooden braces) are knocked away she will slide back into the river.
28. Engin. A clamp for holding and driving the workpiece in a lathe; = . Also: each of the individual clamps on a dogplate ().
1833 J. Holland II. 134
A contrivance called the dog and driver, the former being a sort of clutch screwed upon the end of the work.
1853 17 Dec. 108/1
J. Zook..has invented a self-acting carrier or dog for lathes.
1881 J. Tripplin & E. Rigg tr. C. Saunier
The American ‘scroll’ chucks... In them the trouble of adjusting the screws is avoided as the three ‘dogs’ are advanced together by means of a key.
1988 D. Rees xvi. 146
Headstock. Live centre. Carrier or dog. Catch plate. Driving pin.
2004 M. R. Miller & R. Miller vii. 151
There are several forms [of lathe driver] available, with some made for use with a small slotted faceplate and dog (as in machine-shop turning).
†a. In pl. Nippers used in wire-drawing. Obs. rare.
1843 C. Holtzapffel I. xx. 424
The nippers or dogs resemble very strong carpenters' pincers or pliers, the handles of which diverge at an angle.
b. Engin. A device used in the cold-drawing of metal consisting of a pair of pincers mounted on a small carriage which runs on wheels along a draw-bench, pulling a ribbon of metal through rollers to reduce it to a uniform thickness. Now rare.
1859 2 July 239
This dog is a small thin carriage, travelling upon wheels over a bench, under which revolves an endless chain.
1875 R. Hunt & F. W. Rudler
The chain..in its onward motion drags the dog, and causes it to bite the fillet and draw it through the opening.
1920 A. W. Judge I. vii. 412
The dog is moved along the draw-bench by means of hooks which are dropped into the links of an endless chain.
30. A special kind of spike used on railways for fastening rails to sleepers (see quots. , ). Cf. Now rare.
1857 16 383
The rail was..laid on transverse sleepers, and fastened with ‘dogs’.
It is proposed to..secure the rail with wood keys in the usual way, instead of using dogs.
Dogs, a class of nails used for fastening down rails on sleepers. Each nail consists of a long spike, with ears on the side of the head, by means of which the nail may be wrenched up and re-used.
1985 K. Howarth
(North West Sound Archive)
Dogs, nails with a bent or flanged head used to hold down the rails in a coalmine.
†31. Engin. A set screw in a punching-press (see quot. ). Obs. rare.
a1877 E. H. Knight I. 716/2
Dog,..the converging set screws which establish the bed-tool of a punching-press in direct coincidence with the punch.
Proverbs and proverbial sayings.
a. In various proverbs and proverbial sayings.
?c1325 in T. Wright & J. O. Halliwell
II. 19 (MED),
The bole bigan to belle..the doge is in the welle.
Eccles. ix. 4
Betere is a quyc dogge thanne a leoun dead [L. melior est canis vivus leone mortuo].
▸1395 J. Purvey
Nile ye geue holi thing to doggis, neithir sende youre perlis bifore hoggis.
Prov. xxvi. 11
As a dogge that turneth aȝen to his spuyng, so is an vnprudent man that rehersith his fooli [L. sicut canis, qui revertitur ad vomitum suum, sic imprudens, qui iterat stultitiam suam].
Ȝif ȝe as dogges wol dey, þe deuel haue þat recche!
c1500 in H. A. Person
As for your euyll wyll, þerof woll I non; ffor hit were ouermoche ij dogges ouer o boon.
1526 W. Bonde iii. sig. NNii,
Whan we..retourne to our pride and condicions..as the dogge to his vomytte.
1546 J. Heywood ii. vii. sig. Iiiv,
She will lye as fast as a dogge will lycke a dishe.
1586 G. Pettie & B. Yong tr. S. Guazzo
iv. f. 178v,
It is an olde proverbe. A staffe is sone found to beate a Dogge.
1611 R. Cotgrave at Chien,
The scaulded dog feares euen colde water.
1639 J. Clarke 259
He loundge's as a dog that had lost his tayle.
1650 T. Fuller iii. iv. i. 409
Solomon was an absolute Prince..in his peaceable Countrey, where no dog durst bark against him.
1719 D. Defoe 40
It would ha' made a Dog laugh.
(at cited word),
He has as much need of a wife as a dog of a side pocket; said of a weak old debilitated man.
1841 P. Hawker
We went to bed as tired as dogs.
1843 P. Hawker
Old C—held forth with a long speech, lying as fast as a dog would trot.
When they have nothing the Flemish will tell you that you will find the dog in the pot.
1956 M. Dickens x. 182,
I haven't done a thing all day, and I'm as tired as a dog.
1997 Dec. 172/3
Kinsley falls back on the adage that every dog gets one bite.
[after Latin canis caninam non est ( Varro De Lingua Latina vii. 32)]
dog does not eat dog and variants: people of the same calling, origin, etc., do not deliberately harm one another; conversely (let) dog eat dog (cf. ).
1543 W. Turner sig. Aiiv,
That the prouerb may haue a place on dog will not eat of an other dogges fleshe nether will on wolf eat of an other.
Turpin swore, if he did not deliver immediately he would shoot him through the Head, upon which King fell a Laughing, and said, What! Dog eat Dog?
1789 19 June 3/1
As it is an established fact, that sharper will not rob sharper, nor dog eat dog.
1790 ‘P. Pindar’ 34
Dog should not prey on dog, the proverb says.
1835 W. G. Simms I. v. 59
He cannot escape Travis..who knows the swamp as well as himself. They're both from Goose Creek, and so let dog eat dog.
1858 A. Gray 23 Feb.
I cannot promise any special instruction, and shall take no fee. ‘Dog does not eat dog’ is the saying, you know.
1900 20 Apr. 170/2
It is an old saying that ‘dog will not eat dog’. But alas! for the time-honoured saw, in the light of these facts.
1917 G. L. Morrill 328
Do nothing, let dog eat dog—this is the policy of non-interference.
1962 C. R. Boxer viii. 221
Felisberto..acting on the principle that ‘dog does not eat dog’, turned a blind eye to the activities of the smugglers.
2008 F. Noronha 5
In Goa, the media seldom writes critically about themselves [sic]. Dog doesn't eat dog, as one journalist would argue.
c. you can't (also it is hard to) teach an old dog new tricks and variants: when one is accustomed to doing things in a certain way, it is difficult to change or adapt.
[?1530 J. Fitzherbert
f. xxi v,
The dogge must lerne it whan he is a whelpe or els it wyll not be, for it is harde to make an olde dogge to stoupe.]
1636 J. Philipot
It is hard to teach an old dog trickes.
1775 C. Telfair i. 16
It is hard to teach an old dog new tricks.
1835 7 Feb. 9/2
The absolute difficulty which an old dog experiences in learning new tricks.
1872 11 16
I'll take a cigar to keep my nose warm. It is a bad habit, I know; but you can't teach an old dog new tricks.
1912 July 591/2
In many cases such efforts at decentralization are still very crude. It is hard to teach old dogs new tricks.
21 Jan. 48
The modern executive has to be a learner, sometimes willing to change—the exception to the rule that you can't teach an old dog new tricks.
2004 N. Foxx 135
She certainly wasn't going to start doing that now. You can't teach an old dog new tricks.
d. the dogs bark but the caravan moves on and variants: suggesting that someone or something is impervious to protest or criticism.
[In quot. after Hindi musāfir calā jātā hai, kuṭṭe bhuṅkte rahte haĩ, lit. ‘the traveller has moved on, the dogs remain barking’, probably itself after a Persian or Arabic model. In later use after Persian sag lāyad va kāravān guẕarad (and variants), lit. ‘the dog barks and (or but) the caravan passes by’ and its Arabic model tanbaḥ al-kilāb wa-tasīr al-qāfila (and variants), lit. ‘the dogs bark and the caravan moves on’.]
1860 I. Dass xvi. 219
Dogs bark but the traveller quietly goes on his way, without minding them. They say so, when a person seeks occasion to quarrel with some one, but does not succeed.
1891 J. L. Kipling ix. 252
Though the dog may bark the caravan..moves on.
1936 M. Mitchell xxxviii. 679
Did you ever hear the Oriental proverb: ‘The dogs bark but the caravan passes on’? Let them bark, Scarlett. I fear nothing will stop your caravan.
1975 26 Oct. h21/3
Most of it comes from people who don't know me. They hear things, they spread them. You know how I look at it? ‘The dogs bark, but the caravan moves on.’
18 June (Features section) 72,
I should not get into an argument with them about their perceived disapproval of your living arrangements... The dogs bark but the caravan moves on.
†P2. a dog for (also to) the bow : a well-trained dog attending a huntsman with a bow; hence used as the type of a humble or subservient person. Obs.Cf. .
In this world nys dogge for the bowe That kan an hurt deer from an hool knowe Bet than this Somnor.
To Ianuarie he [sc. Damyan] goth as lowe As euere dide a dogge for the bowe.
i. l. 2802
Sche was made as dogge for þe bowe.
1540 J. Palsgrave tr. G. Gnapheus iii. iii. sig. J iv,
Be not to other men lyke a dogge to the bow.
1542 N. Udall tr. Erasmus f. 223 ,
He..with lacke of vitailles brought those chop-logues or greate pratlers as lowe as dogge to the bow.
1568 v. iii. sig. F.iii,
I shall make the slaues couche as lowe as dog to bow.
With reference to the quality of a dog's existence.
a. to die like (also †as) a dog : to die a disgraceful or miserable death; also to die a dog's death .See also .
?a1425 Chron. Papacy l. 216 in
41 182 (MED),
Þu schalt regne as a lion, butte þu schalt die as a dogge.
?1530 J. Rastell sig. *Ciiv,
He..lyued lyke a lyon and dyed lyke a dogge [printed dodge].
1602 T. Dekker f. 3v,
I shall be mowz'd by pusse-cattes: but I had rather dye a dogs death.
1795 E. Fenwick I. xiv. 224
Let me die like a dog, and have no better burial.
1855 C. Kingsley xxvi. 477
No absolution, no viaticum, nor anything! I die like a dog!
1894 G. M. Fenn I. 22
To die this dog's death, out here under these mountains.
1990 B. Gill xxix. 233
Simenon would rather die like a dog than let slip a superfluous adjective.
b. to lead a dog's life and variants: to lead a life of misery, or of miserable subservience. So to lead (a person) a dog's life : to subject (a person) to such an existence.
a1528 Fox MSS. in J. Strype
III. xxi. 174
Mr. Ford afterwards had a dogs life among them.
1597 G. Fletcher xv. 45
Hee did there leade a Dogges life.
1683 R. Dixon viii. 37
An ill beginner, That knows not where to get his Dinner, And will not rise to earn't: for these Leads he a Dogs life.
1764 S. Foote i. 23
She..domineers like the devil: O Lord, I lead the life of a dog.
1819 W. Irving Rip Van Winkle in i. 69
‘Poor Wolf,’ he would say, ‘thy mistress leads thee a dogs' life of it.’
1861 T. Hughes I. x. 183
They've been leading him a dog's life this year and more.
1991 M. Curtin xii. 96
He must have had a dog's life... The only work he did..was to hold a mirror behind the victim's heads and inquire: Is Sir pleased?
29 Apr. 34
He'd led her a dog's life, she couldn't bear to talk about it.
c. In various other idiomatic expressions involving an unpleasant thing, circumstance, or event (usually in negative constructions), as not fit for a dog, not to wish (something) on a dog , etc.
[a1625 J. Fletcher Wife for Moneth v. i, in F. Beaumont & J. Fletcher
The broth may be good, but the flesh is not fit for doggs sure.]
1769 J. Potter I. 121
It is a dismal night abroad, not fit for a dog to be out in.
1818 H. B. Fearon 210
His friend..said that there was ‘nothing in America but d——d Yankies and rogues, and that it was not fit for a dog to live in’.
1887 H. Baumann 43/1
It isn't fit to turn a dog out.
1898 29 Mar. 6
The punishment diet was such as no humane man would give to a dog.
1943 18 46
Other examples of translated Yiddish being adopted by non-Yiddish-speaking people are, ‘It should(n't) happen to a dog!’ [etc.].
1964 J. Porter i. 12
The Assistant Commissioner shuddered gently as he thought of all the messes you could get into in a kidnapping case. It wasn't the sort of job you'd wish on a dog.
10 June (Sports section) 127
I've heard the way some people talk to sports stars and you wouldn't talk like that to a dog.
With reference to the watchfulness of a dog.
a. to wake a sleeping dog and variants: to stimulate or provoke some person or influence which is currently quiet, but if interfered with will create a disturbance or problem.
in tr. R. Higden
VIII. App. 488 (MED),
Men of Fraunce hadde experience that hit was perellous to wake an olde dogge from slepe.
1546 J. Heywood i. x. sig. Di v,
It is euill wakyng of the slepyng dog.
1608 E. Topsell 93
It is good therefore if you haue a Wife, that is..vnquiet and contentious, to let her alone, not to wake an angry Dogge.
1655 S. Rutherford ii. iv. 259
Some raise the devill and a storm in the soul and cannot calm it again: It is not good to provoke, irritate, and waken a sleeping dogge.
1737 A. Ramsay xx. 40
It is kittle [sc. risky] to waken sleeping Dogs.
1862 T. Carlyle III. xi. ii. 41
Friedrich is not the man to awaken Parliamentary sleeping-dogs.
23 Nov. 1,
I'm a little worried that we may have awakened a sleeping dog. It's obvious the Packers will be looking for revenge.
b. to let sleeping dogs (or a sleeping dog) lie : to avoid provoking or interfering in a situation that is currently causing no problems but may well do so as a result of such interference; to leave well alone.
1822 Dec. 541/2
Let sleeping dogs lie, said the daft man, when he saw the dead hound before him.
I. viii. 187
But Mr Micklewham..replied with..a private admonition to his patron's own ear, ‘to let sleeping dogs lie’.
1886 ‘H. Conway’ xiii,
Better let sleeping dogs lie.
1903 10 Aug. 3
Neither the Imperial nor the Prussian Government is at the moment in fighting trim, and they have every reason to welcome a Pope who will let sleeping dogs lie.
26 Jan. 15
He went on: ‘I want to let sleeping dogs lie now and move on. I don't want to see or hear from her again.’
P5. to help a (lame) dog over a stile : to come to the aid of someone in need.
1546 J. Heywood i. xi. sig. E,
As good a dede, As it is to helpe a dogge ouer a style.
1638 W. Chillingworth i. iii. §33,
I once knew a man out of curtesie, help a lame dog over a stile, and he for requitall bit him by the fingers.
1705 J. Browne 49
He may live to help a lame Dog over a Stile yet.
1857 C. Kingsley III. vii. 197
‘I can..help a lame dog over a stile’—(which was Mark's phrase for doing a generous thing).
1910 W. J. Locke xviii,
Now and again one does help a lame dog over a stile which bucks one up, you know.
15 Dec. 15
A boy said to me: ‘Lend me 20p, I want to phone my mum.’ I am always willing to help a lame dog over a stile, and so I got my mobile phone out.
P6. a hair of the dog that bit you: an alcoholic drink taken to cure a hangover. Hence elliptically, as a hair of the dog.
[Apparently so called on account of the remedy formerly recommended as a cure for the bite of a mad dog; compare:
Compare Dutch †Wij komen weer om't hair van de eigen hondt.]
1760 R. James 204
The hair of the dog that gave the wound is advised as an application to the part injured.
1546 J. Heywood i. xi. sig. Eiv,
I praie the leat me and my felowe haue A heare of the dog that bote vs last nyght.
1611 R. Cotgrave at Beste,
Our Ale-knights often vse this phrase, and say, Giue vs a haire of the dog that last bit vs.
1706 E. Ward 4
We leap'd out of Bed with a strong Appetitus, To swallow a Hair of the Dog that had bit us.
1834 W. A. Caruthers I. iv,
He presently proposed that we should go..and see some fine fellers..who were going to have a night of it. Well, said I, ‘a little hair of the dog is good for the bite.’
1841 Dickens lii. 239
Drink again. Another hair of the dog that bit you, captain!
1935 5 Jan. 80/2
Your hair of the dog, sir.
1996 S. King ii. v. 349,
I was..thinking about getting something for my hangover. An aspirin, and a little hair of the dog that bit me.
2001 Apr. 47/2
Mike and I were both a little hungover, and Mike suggested blackberry brandy, a hair of the dog that would also settle the stomach.
a. to send (or throw, †cast, etc.) to the dogs : to send to destruction or ruin; to throw out, discard as worthless.
1556 J. Ponet sig. A viii,
How muche more sharpely ought he to be punished, and of all men to be abhorred (yea cast to the dogges) that deceaueth a hole Realme?
v. iii. 49
Throw Physicke to the Dogs, Ile none of it.
1733 Pope 4
Had H—wl—y's fortune layn in Hops and Hogs, scarce H—wl—y's self had sent it to the dogs?
1848 ‘D. Knickerbocker’
vii. iv. 396
He..threw diplomacy to the dogs.
1983 J. Singer tr. I. B. Singer ii. xii. 118
In America, young people look upon the older person as someone to be thrown to the dogs.
b. to go to the dogs : to go to destruction or ruin, to deteriorate shockingly.
1619 R. Harris Ep. Ded. sig. A2v,
One is coloured, another is foxt, a third is gone to the dogs.
Old Oliver's gon to the dogs, Oh! No I do mistake, He's gone in a Wherry Over the Ferry, Is cal'd the Stygian Lake.
1749 I. G. 20
Zounds he overcomes us by fair Argument, we are a going to the Dogs in a Whiff!
1790 M. Wollstonecraft tr. C. G. Salzmann I. xvi. 115
He sees all his property going to the dogs, which always puts him out of humour.
1857 T. Hughes i. vi. 137
Rugby, and the School-house especially, are going to the dogs.
1910 F. L. Chance i. 10
‘That's all the college feeling these faculty guys have,’ reiterated Bentley, nodding assent. ‘The U. is going to the dogs!’
2002 N. Lebrecht xi. 299
Country's going to the dogs. Used to be the finest railway in the world, now look at it.
P8. to keep a dog and bark oneself : to do the work for which one employs others (freq. in negative and interrogative contexts).
1583 B. Melbancke sig. Qii v,
It is smal reason you should kepe a dog, and barke your selfe.
1738 Swift 17,
I won't keep a Dog, and bark myself.
1852 W. Mountford ii. 19
What, keep a dog and bark myself!
1965 J. Porter xi. 147
‘What time is it?’ There was a clock right opposite him on the dining-room wall but Dover didn't believe in keeping a dog and barking himself. ‘Just gone nine, sir.’
Investors can monitor their portfolios..but mainly let the chosen professionals do their job. After all, why keep a dog and bark yourself?
†P9. to be (a) dog at : to be experienced in or adept at. Also to be (an) old dog at : see . Obs.
?1589 T. Nashe sig. 5v,
Oh he is olde dogge at expounding, and deade sure at a Catechisme.
1596 T. Lodge 33
He is dog at recognisances and statutes.
iv. iv. 12
To be, as it were, a dog at all things.
ii. iii. 59,
I am dogge at a Catch.
1715 J. Gay Prelim. Scene 5
Ah, Sir Roger, you are old Dog at these things.
I could as soon leap over a church steeple as pray extempore;..[but] I am an old dog at the common prayer.
P10. not to have a word to throw at a dog : to be sullen or uncommunicative.
1607 T. Dekker & J. Webster v. i. sig. G3,
To see what wine and women can do, the one makes a man not to haue a word to throw at a Dogge, the other makes a man to eat his owne words.
i. iii. 3
Cel. Why Cosen, why Rosaline: Cupid haue mercie, Not a word? Ros. Not one to throw at a dog.
1770 S. Foote ii. 47,
I should not have thought he had a word to throw to a dog.
1822 Scott I. i. 17
The poor youth had not a word to throw at a dog.
23 Oct. t12
Darcy hasn't a word to throw at a dog.
P11. the dogs of war: fig., in Shakespeare (quot. ): the unleashed savagery accompanying war; (hence, with allusion to Shakespeare) havoc, chaos, esp. resulting from conflict.
iii. i. 274
Caesars Spirit ranging for Reuenge, With Ate by his side..Shall in these Confines..Cry hauocke, and let slip the Dogges of Warre.
1799 W. Sotheby 13
Thy rage let slip th' exterminating brood, The dogs of War, that lap the stream of blood.
1861 Trollope III. xii. 214
The dogs of war would be unloosed.
1917 E. Goldman in Mar. 8
The same is bound to take place in America should the dogs of war be let loose here.
7 Mar. 4
The dogs of war were let loose and 40 pre-teenage girls..armed with cardboard weapons ran riot on the hockey pitch.
P12. dog of game: a dog used in the hunting of game; = . Obs.
1629 H. Burton 78,
I am neither of the hound nor Spaniel kinde, dogges of game.
1688 P. Rycaut tr. G. de la Vega i. ix. xxi. 383
The Dogs of game, or of good race,..were not in Peru, untill the Spaniards brought them thither.
P13. whose dog is dead? (also whose dog is a-hanging , †what dog is a hanging? ): what cause is there for excitement or concern? what's the fuss, what's the matter? (Occas. also without interrogative.) Now rare.Cf. earlier whose mare's dead? (quot. ).
a1640 P. Massinger & J. Fletcher Very Woman iii. ii. 39 in P. Massinger
Whose Dog's dead now, That you observe these Vigils?
a1663 Little John a Begging viii, in F. J. Child
III. v. 189/1
‘Why rings all these bells? What dog is a hanging?’
1790 3 333/1
Quidnuncs, gaping for the news; Some of them cannot read! but yet they hear..Then fly to tell thro' all the listening land Whose Dog is dead!
1841 Aug. 146
‘A very grave man indeed, sir.’... ‘Grave?—grievous—a face as much as to say, “Whose dog's dead, that I may come and howl over it?”.’
1984 P. Beale
Whose dog is dead?; whose dog's a-hanging?.. What is the matter?; what's all the fuss about?
P14. fight dog, fight bear: (to fight) till one or other of two adversaries is overcome (sometimes as an expression of indifference). Now rare.
[From the pitting of a dog against a bear in bear-baiting; compare (in an account of bear-baiting):
1583 P. Stubbes sig. Piijv,
Some..will not make anie bones of .xx.xl. C. pound. at once to hazard at a bait: with feight dog, feight beare (say they) the deuill part all.
a1642 W. Monson
You must fight according to the old Saying, Fight Dog, fight Bear; that is, till one be overcome.
1717 E. Ward II. 21
True Protestants..should for neither pray nor care, But cry Halloo, fight Dog, fight Bear.
1831 Scott 5 Mar.
A resolution to keep Myself clear of politics, & let them fight dog, fight bear.
1911 J. A. L. Riley et al. 272
Since God has permitted the unity of religious belief in England to be shattered..there are three policies open:..(a) Live and let live. (b) Fight dog, fight bear. (c) Return to religious unity.
P15. to take (a) dog's leave : to do something, esp. to go somewhere, without permission. Now rare.
1665 J. Davies tr. A. de Castillo Solórzano 136
The poor Merchant must be fool'd some way or other, till he..take a Dog's leave of Corduba.
1879 G. F. Jackson 288
We'n tak' dog's leave and goo through the coppy this mornin' to 'unt mops to clane our slates.
1924 M. Webb
You've not only taken dog's leave and lied, you've made a game of me!
1931 M. Diver ii. 229
‘Who's pinched your topi?’... ‘Oh, me topi took dog's leave... The bally thing decamped.’
P16. to work like a dog : to work extremely hard.
1666 J. Davies tr. E. d'Aranda 132
To what end should a man have mony? to work like a dog, or to procure his liberty?
1841 July 13/2
My father's son has been obliged to work like a dog all his life.
1886 Jan. 51/2
We folks that has to work like dogs had ought to go to bed betimes.
1926 W. S. Maugham iii. 150
I've worked like a dog..and last night..I downed tools.
1976 Dec. 95/2
These lads have worked like dogs all winter.
We had to roll up our sleeves and work like dogs to improve operations.
P17. give a dog a bad (or †ill) name and hang him and variants: a bad reputation once acquired is very difficult to lose. Now freq. in shortened form, as give a dog a bad name.
The man, who chose rather to give his Dog a living ill name, than immediately to commit him to a Halter.]
1751 L. Chambaud 184
Les Anglois disent encore: Give a dog a bad name and hang him.
1760 W. Kenrick v. v. 69
It is but the church's calling him a tyrant, and absolving his subjects of their allegiance, and all will go well. Give a dog an ill name, and hang him.
1869 Trollope II. lii. 117
‘Your brother, Laura, is dangerous.’.. ‘Yes—give a dog a bad name and hang him.’
1886 ‘S. Tytler’ xxxix,
It is a case of give a dog an ill name and hang him.
1909 20 Jan. 19
In football, as in other things, ‘give a dog a bad name’ applies very forcibly, and we are inclined to think that many people were a little too anxious to find fault with the Australians.
1991 B. Anderson
Mrs Stillburn said that if you gave a dog a bad name you might as well hang it.
P18. like (or proud as) a dog with two tails : very proud or pleased, delighted.
1829 J. Mactaggart II. 122
Off went the Laird, as proud as a dog with two tails.
1953 J. Trench v. 65
She's like a dog with two tails.
1996 G. Linscott
‘Was Davie pleased?’ ‘Of course he was, and our dad was as proud as a dog with two tails.’
18 June 42
He's sleeping with two women under the same roof. He's like a dog with two tails.
P19. Brit. colloq. dog in a (or the) blanket : a rolled currant dumpling or jam pudding. Now rare.
1842 C. Sinclair xi. 88
A dog in a blanket!—a toad in a hole! I'd rather eat frogs!
1867 C. M. Yonge ix. 72
The dog-in-a-blanket making its appearance, Clara cut three beauteous slices, with spiral rings of black currant alternating with suet.
1919 23 Jan. 3/2
Not the judicious mixture of flour and currants, but the skilful alternation of hasty pudding, dog in the blanket, or gooseberry fool.
1925 L. W. Moffit
ii. v. 122
Seasonal dishes based on fruit were also common, such as berry tarts; and roly-poly, or dog-in-a-blanket, as it was called in Derbyshire.
P20. colloq. (orig. U.S.). to put on (the) dog : to make a stylish or flashy display, to assume pretentious airs.
1865 in J. S. McKee
We..go out on grand reviews..and put on a D—D sight of Dog generally.
1924 W. J. Locke xii. 171,
I don't want to put on dog, but the Lord didn't give me physical strength for nothing.
1926 W. J. Locke ii. v. 74
Young Blake puts on dog and condescends to take the order.
1940 P. G. Wodehouse 48
An editor's unexampled opportunities for putting on dog and throwing his weight about.
1962 ‘A. Gilbert’ xiv. 190
Matron put on a lot of dog about the hospital's responsibility.
2 Feb. ix. 8/5,
I abhor the social stuff... I'm not good at putting on the dog. It's so tiring.
P21. colloq. to see a man about a dog : used euphemistically as a vague excuse for leaving to keep an undisclosed appointment, or (now freq.) to go to the toilet.
1865 15 Nov. 135
The husband will..find that he has to absent himself by going to London, to ‘see a man about a dog’, or on some other important business.
1939 D. L. Sayers 38
I've got to get back to London to see a man about a dog.
1961 E. Partridge Suppl. II. 1263/2
See a man about a dog... to go to the lavatory (to urinate only).
1963 38 175
See a man about a dog was a Prohibition euphemism for ‘buying liquor’, whereas several contemporary students [at Kansas University] recognized it as a circumlocution for ‘visiting a rest room’... At Johns Hopkins, the phrase served as an excuse for leaving the scene.
1995 K. Atkinson
George wanders back into the kitchen..and announces that he has to go out and ‘see a man about a dog’ (even tapping his nose as he does so).
P22. colloq. like a (or the) dog's dinner : (of dress, etc.) ostentatious, flashy, or over-elaborate; (also) in an ostentatiously smart or flashy manner.
1927 38 37
In short, to misapply a folk saying about a woman dressed in a certain way, it is ‘like a dog's dinner,—a little bit of all sorts.’
1934 ‘C. L. Anthony’ ii. ii. 66
Why have you got those roses in your hair? You look like the dog's dinner.
1936 J. Curtis v. 58
The geezer..was dolled up like a dog's dinner with a white tie and all.
1954 J. Trench ii. iii. 57
Tarting up my house and the gardens like a dog's dinner.
1995 E. Toman vii. 178
All done up like the dog's dinner... Going through an elaborate ritual of piety for the benefit of the gathering congregation.
2003 C. Birch xxix. 313
What are you all dressed up like a dog's dinner for?
P23. colloq. (chiefly Brit. and Austral.). to let the dog see the rabbit : to allow a person to do or see something without interference or restriction. Usu. in imper.
1934 P. Fleming i. iii. 31,
I would recommend a ‘Let the dog see the rabbit’ attitude as being both wise and fair.
1968 S. Gore 52
How's about givin' a man a fair crack o' the whip... Let the dog see the rabbit?
1978 119 448
David Scott's treatment of this colourful music shows what can be done to combine scholarship, practical requirements and enthusiasm—and yet still letting the dog see the rabbit.
2002 S. Coogan et al.
Well, give the man a twirl. Let the dog see the rabbit.
P24. cunning as a Maori dog: see . every dog has its (or his) day: see . to lie to the dogs: see . love me, love my dog: see . to rain cats and dogs: see . to run a great dog: see . sick as a dog: see . the tail wags the dog: see . there's life in the old dog yet: see . try it on the dog: see .
A dog-basket and cushion, a carpet, and a mat.
1803 22 July 1/3
A very stout shooting Gig, with leather shooting and powder pockets, removing dog basket, very near new.
1842 Mrs. H. M. Stanley Let. 22 Sept. in N. Mitford
I walked to Northwich to order a dog basket & other trifles.
1998 Apr. 41
Far be it from us to suggest that Hermès (dog basket, £495) and Asprey (solid-silver dog bowl, £1,150), are—ta-dah—barking mad.
dog bite n. rare before late 19th cent.
Dog-bite, see Biting of a Mad-Dog.
1890 E. R. Lankester ii. 115
Two hundred and fifty persons have gone..to be treated for dog-bite.
1995 July 123/1
In a country where..people face a regular threat from typhoid and dengue fever, here was an over-fed tourist expecting immediate help for a dog bite.
1830 13 June
He was one of the last of the original Trusty dog breed, from the celebrated Trusty, belonging to the late Lord Camelford.
1969 E. H. Hart
Encyclopaedia of dog breeds.
2003 3 Feb. 89/1
Of course, things have happened to dogs,..and dog breeds have changed over time.
1507 Bk. Rates 15 July in N. S. B. Gras
Chenes called doge chenes the grosse viii s.
1786 J. Lucas 17
In the Nag stable... A muzzle, a dog chain, [etc.].
1859 F. Francis I. i. 11
Dog-chains, badger-tongs, rabbit-hutches.
1988 D. M. Martin in 7 Aug. Sunday Punch 7/2
My hands were hooked to a dog chain around my waist and I couldn't wave back.
1771 T. Smollett I. 119
A famous dog-doctor was sent for.
1885 23 May 8
The defendant lived in Clerkenwell, where he carried on a business as a ‘dog doctor’.
One of the biggest problems faced by dog doctors is the fact that people use their pets as surrogates and the dogs just can't cope with the pressure.
1743 J. Bulkeley & J. Cummins 80,
I was invited to a Dog-Feast..It was exceeding good Eating.
1854 J. G. Wood 133
Dog is considered a delicacy..There are several ways in which these dog-feasts are conducted.
3 Jan. a7
It was the Igorots from the Philippines who caused the biggest stir with their scanty clothing and ritual dog feasts.
1694 T. Phillips Jrnl. Voy. in
The negroes admire dog flesh before any other.
1750 III. 215
Beaten about the ears..Stand there, charge there..And all this sport for Cheese and Chines of Dog-flesh.
1805 P. Gass 9 Oct.
We have some Frenchmen, who prefer dog-flesh to fish.
1992 J. Stern & M. Stern 228/1
A widely held folk belief that hot dogs might actually contain dog flesh.
1848 H. W. Herbert II. 6
This I consider to be the perfection of dog-food, and the following is the best way of preparing it.
1907 3 Aug. 119
The whale-meat taken as dog-food was poisoning the animals.
1951 M. McLuhan 77/1
The ultimate absurdity of this attitude gets frequent expression in those dog-food ads.
2002 22 Dec. 29/1
Once it was considered enough to plop a can of home-brand dog food in Fido's bowl each day.
Here, as in Turkey, there are Dog Hospitals, where an old hound is fed upon soups.
1888 J. Ruskin III. ii. 55
Kept quiet for a day or two in a dog-hospital.
17 Nov. b1
Stranger died of heartworms on the operating table at the dog hospital.
1906 31 Jan. 13
At the house of each prisoner were discovered a number of valuable dogs and a quantity of dog leads.
1992 T. Davies 59
A dog collar is around this first man's neck. A dog lead is attached to the collar.
1534 in J. B. Paul
For dog leschis and dog collaris.
1609 J. Skene tr. Stat. William in 12
He may follow his hounds within the Kings forest, as farre as he may cast his horne or his dogleisch.
1823 Scott II. xiii. 262
The fool who presented his mistress with a dog-leash for a carcanet.
1992 Summer 17/2
[They] began tying her door shut,..looping a dog leash from her doorknob to the knob of an adjacent door.
1857 1 Oct. 2
Report of dog license money paid... Read..and referred to committee on Finance.
1867 10 Apr. 5
The propriety of supplementing the new dog licence by a tax upon the use..of firearms.
1936 14 Aug. 10/1
Did she need..a dog licence, a wireless licence?
1997 17 Apr. 18/3
The dog licence, which was eventually scrapped in 1988.
1892 C. G. Harper 60
Such excellent black-and-white renderings of dog life.
7 Oct. 12
Unfortunately, as well as ample evidence of birdlife, there's also ample evidence of doglife in the form of excrement.
1704 N. N. tr. T. Boccalini I. 25
A Gentleman that wanted a parcel of Dog-muzzles.
1889 23 July 8/1
The advocates of the dog muzzle assert that an order for the universal muzzling of dogs for a stated period would effectually stamp out hydrophobia.
1 May 10
After they left he stormed upstairs to the attic and came back with an old dog muzzle and told me I should wear it for future social occasions.
1831 Feb. 259/1
After luncheon I strolled into the kennel: it was a hunting-day, and the dog-pack was out.
1927 F. B. Young ii. xi. 201
The huntsman and his whips had clattered over from the kennels with the dog-pack.
1990 Mar. 38/1
Hunters using..tracking equipment and dog packs also markedly upped the bear kill in New Hampshire.
1845 1 July
The ordinance provides that there shall be established a dog pound, in a suitable location.
1928 12 July 11/2
A large electric lethal chamber had been presented to the Catania Society for use in the municipal dog pound.
2006 D. Peterson xxxvii. 570
The yellowish, shorthaired mutt rescued from the dog pound.
1852 J. J. Jarves v. 100
Concerts and dog shows, booths, games, and mountebank tricks are in full blast.
The International Dog Show.
1994 Feb. 57/1
Crufts! Is it the greatest dog show on earth?
1869 29 June 2
Dog soap of the finest quality.
All dogs taking part in the walkathon will receive a can of dog food, a training lead and a cake of dog soap.
1753 ‘Brindle’ 2
Stripes, collars, chains, hungry bellies, and..after all these, a dog tax.
1886 XX. 201/2
The imposition of a dog-tax or licence.
1930 25 July 3
Pay your Dog Tax between now and August 1st and save cost of taking up and pounding dogs.
2002 21 Nov. 23/2
Dog tax, tobacco tax, car tax, ecological tax—did you really think that was the end of the line?
(b) With sense ‘serving as food for dogs’, as dog bran, dog cake, †dog-crust, etc. See also ,
1520 in W. H. Stevenson
Item for halfe a quarter of branne for doge bred.
Ȝour bankettis of sick vilitie, Deir of the dog brane [v.r. dog-bran] of the Mers.
1647 R. Stapylton tr. Juvenal 67
Thou maist..gnaw dog-crusts [L. et sordes farris mordere canini].
1873 17 Oct. 1
Fibrine dog cakes.—It has come to the knowledge of the Proprietors that spurious..biscuits are being sold..as Spratt's Patent Cak[e]s.
1896 A. Austin ii. i. 33
None o' your sharps nor dog-bran, but real Earl's barley-meal.
1958 13 June 18
A new cannery..which produces dog biscuits, dog meal, etc.
1991 Mar. 47/1
A dog show [sc. Crufts]..originally held to promote ‘dog cakes’.
(c) With reference to greyhound racing, as dog race, dog racer, dog racing, etc. See also .
1843 X. 727
A dog-race for £100 is within the statute of Anne.
1863 Apr. 150
The establishment of a central authority in the shape of a club..may some day be thought as necessary for the welfare of yacht, as it has been found of horse and dog racing.
Betting more than you can afford upon a dog-race.
Manchester..being the headquarters of the rabbit-courser;..and the colliery districts generally, of the dog-racer.
Excluded from enjoying the pleasures of bull-baiting, the Lancashire rough falls back on dog-racing or some similar sport which admits of betting.
1932 J. Thurber 3 Feb.
They also have dog races here, and a Marathon dance.
2 Nov. 25
Two greyhounds found poisoned..could have been dumped by dog racers.
2004 17 Aug. (Review section) 2/3
The statistical advantage that the betting shops have over the punters..is..about 11 per cent on a horse race, 20 per cent on a dog race.
and in the genitive. Designating the excrement of dogs, freq. in similative phrases as the type of something disgusting, worthless, bad, etc. Chiefly colloq.
dog crap n.
(also dog's crap)
1942 W. A. Dorrance vi. 321
Holden give me one of them little piles, looks like dog crap.
16 Feb. 9
They're the type I want to equate to dog's crap on your heel.
2007 A. Stuart in 82
He'd tried to be nice, to give her a compliment, and she'd given him a look like he was lower than dog crap.
dog dirt n.
(also dog's dirt)
1543 J. Bale sig. Hiiij,
Lyes of hypocrites, adders egges, spyders webbes.., dogges dyrt, swylle,..[etc.].
1766 E. Buys II.
Honde-keutel, dog's dirt, dung.
1826 H. Roscoe
Hans will sooner heave a dog's dirt overboard, than bestir himself to save a sail when it is splitting.
1893 Mar. 422
Dog-dirt solution is also used for cleansing skins from chemicals.
1938 H. E. Bates iii. i. 142
The man who made a fortune out of shoveling up the dog dirts in the street.
2007 L. Davis 173
The first-choice slave girl was pretty, but inane and as common as dog dirt.
1976 26 July 34/2
A man nearby scrapes dog-doo off his shoe.
1981 J. Viorst
Will they only say he stepped in the dog doo at Jimmy Altman's party?
2003 Aug. 46/1
The picture and (to a lesser extent) sound quality of DV recordings makes analogue formats look like a big pile of dog do, not to put too fine a point on it.
dog mess n.
(also dog's mess)
1927 G. Sturt xv. 145
One had to walk warily for fear..of dog messes on the kerb.
1987 E. Bombeck
There is a dog's mess at the end of the sofa.
2008 N. Seitz 37
You seen that pile of dog mess in your front yard?
dog muck n.
(also dog's muck)
a1804 J. Mather
Cat's muck and dog's muck also, Sh—t pots mould and abominate.
1957 R. Hoggart ii. 52
Dock and nettle insist on a defiant life in the rough and trampled earth-heaps,..undeterred by ‘dog-muck’, cigarette packets, old ashes.
1979 11 Dec. 19/5
A hinged disposable paper container with which dog owners can painlessly pick up dog muck when out on walkies.
24 Jan. 15
She's as common as dog's muck, that one.
dog poo n.
(also dog's poo)
1972 9 Jan. 19/2
My bare foot stepped into dog poo in the middle of the dining room.
[He] reacted ‘like a man who has just had his face rubbed in dog's poo’.
2005 B. Sparks 169
She's hurt me too much in the past, by making me feel..like I was about as important as dog poo.
1972 1 Oct. d3/1
She stepped from the cab into a mound of dog poop.
21 May a4
All of a sudden auto workers have become lower than dog poop.
dog turd n.
(also dog's turd)
?1550 H. Llwyd tr. Pope John XXI sig. H.viv,
A plaster made of dogges turde & mans ordure and the gall of a bull is very good.
1695 J. Sergeant 16
If all these Garisons put together, will not command any Contribution worth the speaking of..then..all of them together are not worth a Dog-turd.
Put into a large vat three or four pails of dogs turd.
1936 H. E. Bates ii. 37
The passage was filthy too; odds and ends, papers, a bottle, dog-turds.
1952 J. Steinbeck
Sometimes I think you're a weakling who will never amount to a dog turd.
2008 J. van de Ruit 312,
I thanked him and told him he had dog turd on his shoe.
(a) Objective and objective genitive, as dog driver, dog driving, dog fancier, dog fancying, dog keeping, dog seller, dog skinner, dog stealer, dog stealing, dog washing, etc. See also , ,
1598 J. Florio
Castracane, a dog gelder.
1770 40 164
To punish the dog-stealer, or the man charged with the crime of dog-stealing.
The dog skinner.
1821 P. Egan ii. iii. 221
The dog-fancier in the corner..sidled up to the Swells.
1845 7 5
I'm the only honest man in the dog-fancyin' line.
1876 J. Greenwood 16
Bitten..with the dog-keeping mania.
1889 G. Stables i. 10
On dog-washing days.
1895 R. Kipling 148
The boy knows something of dog-driving.
1898 17 Jan. 8/5
The Admiral..described how the two saved the life of their dog-driver..when he ‘was rapidly freezing’.
1910 H. G. Wells ix. 301
Drowning superfluous kittens, dog-fancying as required.
1987 L. Murray At Aquatic Carnival in
The done fox suddenly underfoot among dog-urgers.
1816 Jan. 62
Except to professed sportsmen, gamekeepers, dog breeders, and..huntsmen, we do not think it is calculated to be of much utility.
1939 A. L. Hagedoorn 262
Dog breeders made the Airedale Terrier larger by the use of Gordon Setters.
2007 W. Safire in 22 Apr. 24/2
Dog breeders have taken up mixed breed [as a euphemism for mongrel].
1841 D. P. Blaine
A cross in dog-breeding.
1882 14 Apr. 4
Dog-breeding and canine exhibitions have come much into fashion of late years.
19 July (Sports section) 9
For the breeders, handlers and judges, the competition in dog breeding is serious.
1703 T. D'Urfey 49
The Fisher has spoil'd his Angling-Rod, and the Dog-lover crack'd..his best hunting Horn.
1951 W. Lewis iii. 105
The English have bred as spectacular a breed of underdogs as any dog-lover could wish!
1996 31 May i. 16/7
Coal miners have always been dog-lovers.
2006 July 127/1
A complete canine companion to guide dog lovers through every breed.
1831 W. Sullivan xxxiii. 242
The public law ought to hold a dog-owner to be guilty of manslaughter, if his dog occasion the death of any person.
1936 26 Apr. s8/2
Membership entitles dog owners to enter the club's training class.
2006 Aug. 43/2
Dog owners are twice as active as their poochless peers.
1876 30 Dec.
It will be satisfactory to the dog-owning public of the district to know that the mad dog which..bit several dogs was captured.
1899 20 July 6
Raising the tone of dog-owning and dog-showing everywhere to the same high level.
In Tokyo..cramped apartments make dog-owning a luxury.
2003 J. Katz i. 6
Montclair almost perfectly exemplifies the American dog-owning population—educated, affluent, child-centered.
1747 J. Thomson tr. M. Aurelius iv. 92
The Vine-dresser, the Colt-breaker, and Dog-trainer.
1897 18 Nov. 4
James Goodge,..described as a dog trainer,..was charged..on suspicion of stealing..three fancy dogs.
1986 V. Hearne in R. Poirier
Dog trainers and horse trainers insist that training..results in ennoblement.
19 Mar. 4
A former professional dog trainer, who has appeared on television shows such as Dog Borstal and It's Me or the Dog.
1824 1 Jan.
The Carolinians keep and train large dogs for hunting..runaway..negroes... [They] set a young negro to strike a pup and then run from it. This is dog training.
1932 L. Sprake
The art of dog training.
2005 31 May
The couple took him to dog training classes where he learned to perform tricks such as playing dead.
d. Instrumental, parasynthetic, and similative, as dog-bitten, dog-bright, dog-drawn, dog-driven, dog-eyed, dog-footed, dog-furred, dog-gnawn, dog-haired, dog-hated, dog-hearted, dog-looked, dog-looking, dog-whining, etc. See also , ,
1582 S. Batman xii. xxvii. 186
This kinde of Owle is dogge footed.
1601 P. Holland tr. Pliny II. 363
A stone which a dog hath taken vp with his mouth and bitten, wil cause debate and dissention in the company where it is..it is growne into a common prouerbe..when we perceiue those that dwel in one house together to be..at variance..to say, You have a dog-bitten stone here among you.
1608 Shakespeare xvii. 46
His own vnkindnes..gaue her deare rights, To his dog-harted daughters.
1667 R. L'Estrange tr. F. de Quevedo 2
A wretched kind of a dog-look'd fellow..his Cloaths all in tatters.
1680 R. L'Estrange tr. Erasmus v. 62
Out comes the Dog looking Gray-beard again.
1765 T. Zouch 6
Dog-ey'd Lust, Rifling the bosom of chaste innocence.
1829 E. Elliott i. 9
Legless soldier, borne In dog-drawn car.
a1847 E. Cook Song of Spirit of Poverty in
A dog-gnawn bone for my sceptre wand.
1922 J. Joyce ii. xiv. [Oxen of the Sun] 391
Swineheaded..or doghaired infants occasionally born.
1928 E. Sitwell 4
Beneath my dog-furred leaves you see The creeping strawberry.
1929 E. Sitwell 22
The dog-whining dawn light.
1931 W. de la Mare 134
He looked at me..with those dog-bright eyes.
1932 W. H. Auden iii. 85
A dog-hated dustman.
1966 6 127
He [sc. a deity] has dog-footed wives and many sons and daughters.
1979 20 359
We learn here of dog-driven butter churns and roasting spits.
1996 J. C. Oates 417
There were animals who were the casualties of other animals—severely dog-bitten dogs and cats, bucks terribly injured in rutting season.
e. With adjectives, used as an intensifier: thoroughly, utterly; extremely; as dog asleep, dog-drunk, dog-hungry, dog-lame, dog-lean, dog-mad, dog-poor, dog-sick, etc. See also , ,
1552 R. Huloet
Dogge leane, squallidus.
1579 T. North tr. Plutarch 914
In deede Cicero was dogge leane, a litle eater.
1599 H. Buttes sig. O4,
He that saith, he is Dog-sicke, as sicke as a Dog; meaneth a sicke Dog, doubtlesse.
1611 R. Cotgrave
Dormer en transe, to be dog asleepe, to be in a deepe or dead sleepe.
a1625 J. Fletcher Humorous Lieut. i. i, in F. Beaumont & J. Fletcher
sig. Qqq2 v/1,
Would I were drunk, dog-drunk, I might not feele this.
1625 J. Davis in S. Purchas I. iii. 118
Dog hungry and meatlesse.
1647 J. Howell 94
Some of our Preachmen are grown dogmadd.
1723 A. de la Mottraye II. iv. 143
He..wou'd run..Dog-mad at the Sound of Musick, especially a Pair of Bag-Pipes.
1738 E. Purefoy Let. 7 Mar. in G. Eland
I. vii. 167,
The mare is broke out just above the hoof and she is Dog lame.
1832 Scott 16 Jan.
I was dog sick of the whole of it.
1888 ‘R. Boldrewood’ I. ix. 113
When she [sc. a mare] was dog-poor and hardly able to drag herself along.
1953 L. V. Berrey & M. Van den Bark
Be hungry. Be bad for feed,—dog-hungry, [etc.].
a1983 ‘R. West’
Maxine..was dog-lazy and never did a stroke if she could put it on somebody else.
1995 ‘Boy George’ & S. Bright xviii. 141
The thought of living with Marilyn made Myra and Andy dog-sick.
2001 P. Magrs
In London, people seemed to pay a fortune to live somewhere they thought of as posh and, when you went round, it was dog rough.
f. In depreciative sense: bad, spurious, bastard, mongrel; as dog eloquence, dog-English, dog-Greek, dog-logic (also dog's logic), dog rhetoric, dog-rhyme, etc. See also . Now arch.
[In dog eloquence after post-classical Latin canina facundia (4th cent.).]
1542 T. Elyot
Canina facundia, dogge eloquence. A prouerbe applyed to suche as doo neuer exercise theyr tunge or penne, but in reprouing or blamynge other men.
1565 M. Harding in J. Jewel
Luther would stampe, and rage, and whette his dogge eloquence vpon you.
1581 P. Wiburn f. 29,
Heere is praeda Mysorum, expounded and set out with dogge Rhetorike, and much adoe.
1611 J. Florio
Versaccij, dog-rimes, filthy verses.
a1625 f. 13 a,
To begge sir Tottipate's applause in dogrime verse.
1638 D. Featley Stricturæ in Lyndomastygem i. sig. A iijv, in H. Lynde
Every where full of Canina facundia, Dogg-eloquence.
1711 Swift No. 50. ⁋5
His skill in that part of learning called dog's logic.
1754 W. Warburton 18
His Lordship might reasonably think, that his Dog-Eloquence, was well enough fitted to their Dog-Logic.
1884 F. Harrison in Mar. 496
Agnostic is only dog-Greek for ‘don't know’.
1938 F. M. Ford 16 Mar.
He will at least write comprehensible dog-English.
8 Oct. 18
It went from dog-Latin to dog-English, and it's not very uplifting.
a. With the sense ‘of or relating to a dog or dogs, canine’, as dog disease, dog family, dog tribe, etc.
a1640 J. Fletcher & P. Massinger
ii. iv. 28
Such a den of dog-Whelps.
1739 R. Bradley
The Hog Kind will sometimes bring 17 or 18 young ones at a Birth, and the Dog Race about 10.
1775 J. Anderson vi. 321
The varieties of this animal are not so distinctly marked as that of the dog-tribe.
1874 H. Dalziel 23
‘Specifics’..for all dog diseases.
1880 W. B. Dawkins iv. 87
In the upper Pleiocene period the..dog family..appear for the first time.
1959 23 Feb. 10/5
Two of the strangest members of the dog family arrived recently at the Regent's Park Zoo.
Donkeys have an innate dislike for members of the dog species.
b. With names of members of the dog family, and of some other carnivorous mammals: male; as dog hound, dog otter, dog seal, etc. Cf. sense , and see also ,
1555 R. Eden tr. Peter Martyr of Angleria iii. ii. f. 96v,
The dogge tyger [L. tigris] chaunsed fyrste into this pitfaul.
1575 G. Gascoigne vii. 16
The signes vnder the which she may best be lined to bring foorth dogge whelps which shall not be subiect vnto diseases.
1687 No. 2220/4
Lost lately at Newmarket, an old Dog-Hound of His Majesties.
1749 H. Fielding IV. x. vii. 55
We have got the Dog Fox, I warrant the Bitch is not far off.
1778 in G. Cartwright
[I turned] to an enormous, old, dog bear which came out of some alder-bushes on my right.
1832 C. M. Goodridge 29
The dog seals are named by South Seamen Wigs.
A dog polecat ferret.
1893 F. C. Selous 184
An old dog hyæna.
1955 14 July 5/4
The Duke of Norfolk saw the doghound championship awarded to Distaff, a 1952 entered hound from his own pack.
1975 T. Russell 54
Uncle Sol told Skipper Lige right to his face that he was uglier lookin' than an old dog hood [i.e. hooded seal].
2005 Jan.–Feb. 25/4
As soon as the young are capable of taking care of themselves, the dog otter goes off to live by himself.
dog and bone n.
Brit. slang. a telephone.
1961 J. Franklyn
Dog and bone, 'phone... This term seems to have evolved since the second war, probably partly due to the increase in the number of telephones installed.
1989 22 Mar. 31/1
British Telecom brings to you the telephone of the future—the dog and bone that offers self-improvement and self-expression.
Yesterday, yours truly was just settling down with a crate of lagers ready to watch a Chubby Brown video when the dog and bone starts buzzing.
Lazerbuilt Chic Telephone, £19.99... This amazing Dog and Bone is £49.95.
dog appetite n. now rare voracious or morbidly excessive appetite; an instance of this; cf. , .
1615 H. Crooke 169
In the disease called Boulimos, there is hunger without appetite, and in the Dog-appetite, there is appetite without hunger.
1725 E. Strother ii. 226
Dekkers..is in the right to commend Spirits of Wine, and Aqua Vitæ, in the Dog-Appetite, because, as I have hinted above, it dulcifies the Sour.
1862 14 June 374/1
This antiquated dame was tormented with what was then called a dog-appetite—although we question whether our own Carlos, Cæsar, or silky-eared Fan could have emulated her feats in the eating line.
1904 13 Apr. 408/1
It is what we call a canine or dog appetite, or the hungry evil, a voracious hunger.
† dog-belt n. Coal Mining Obs. a strong broad belt of leather, worn round the waist, for drawing dans or sledges in the workings.
1842 W. T. Brande 358/1
Dog Belts..a strong broad piece of leather round the waist.
1842 14 May 5/6
Boys from the age of six upwards were employed..to drag loads of coal..by means of a certain ‘dog-belt and chain’, or ‘girdle and chain’, as the boys themselves call it.
dog-breaker n. now chiefly hist. a person who ‘breaks’ or trains dogs, esp. for hunting (see ).
In every town in England, there is a qualified Poacher, some idle scoundrel of no property, nor profession, not even the merit of a Dog-breaker.
1848 C. Kingsley i. i. 38
That a man shall keep his dog-breakers, and his horse-breakers, and his hawk-breakers, and never hire him a boy-breaker or two!
1960 28 Mar. 12
In the last quarter of his life he [sc. an old gamekeeper] was not so much a gamekeeper as a dog-breaker.
18 Jan. 32
[Around 60 years ago] Mr Rumley was well known in the village as a ‘dog-breaker’, being chiefly concerned with retrievers and terriers.
dog breath n.
(also dog's breath)
orig. U.S. foul-smelling breath in a dog; (hence) foul-smelling breath in a person, halitosis (also as a term of abuse).Attested c1944 as the nickname of a U.S. Army Air Force B-17 bomber aircraft.
1951 2 Dec. 16 a/4
He found the stuff [sc. deodorant] ‘harmless as a lettuce leaf’ to a dog's digestive system, yet a sure cure for ‘dog breath’ and body odors.
1959 Fall 70
With Sello..leaning on café tables, blowing his old dog's breath into Stern's face, the student felt that at last he had made contact with real European life.
1981 29 Oct. b1
Do you wanna sit down, dog-breath, or would you prefer a collapsed lung?
1998 J. Pritchard
(Mersey TV transmission script)
Episode 255. 18
Isn't that something you and dog's breath need to be discussing?
2004 J. Milligan 78
If I didn't love you, I wouldn't tell you that you had dog breath!
dog catcher n. a person responsible for rounding up and impounding stray dogs.
a1703 R. Hooke Present State Nat. Philos. in
Dog-catchers and Keepers.
1882 A. E. Sweet & J. A. Knox 62
The dog-catchers have quit going their rounds.
1978 1 June 9/1
She has been the West Lincoln Township dogcatcher since 1969.
Pembroke Pines..has no dog catchers on staff and no shelter for animals that are seized.
† dog-chance n.
[after classical Latin canis or canīcula (see main etymology)]
Obs. Dice =
1625 T. Godwin
ii. iii. xiii. 115
The losing cast, Canis, or Canicula, in English a Dogge-chance.
1671 H. M. tr. Erasmus 441,
I always cast the unlucky dog-chances.
dog clutch n. Mech. a clutch for coupling two shafts or other rotating components, consisting of one part with teeth and another with slots with which the teeth engage.
Any friction-clutch or dog-clutch may be used.
1907 18 Nov. 6/3
The road-wheels are mounted on the..steel valves, leaving the enclosed driving-shafts free to transmit the power, through the medium of dog-clutches, to the hubs.
1951 G. H. Sewell
A dog-clutch on the camera motor mechanism engages with the main spindle of the magazine.
1995 30 June 69/1
The dog clutches are used to key the gear selected to the shaft.
† dog-cook n. Obs. nonce-use a male cook (cf. sense and ).
1825 T. Hook 2nd Ser. 84
A house in Grosvenor Street,..a cellar admirably stocked, a first-rate Dog-Cook and assistants.
dog couple n. now rare (usually in pl.; also pair of dog couples) a leash for holding two dogs together; = .
1649 C. Hoole 301/1
A pair of dog couples, Copulae.
1652 J. Shirley i. i,
Led Away in dog-couples by rusty officers.
1767 G. Washington Invoice 20 July in
12 pr Dog Couples.
1843 3 147
With his dog-couples slung across his shoulders.
Dog Couples, medium, for spaniels, setters and pointers.
dog dance n. a ceremonial dance performed by some American Indian groups.
1807 Z. M. Pike Jrnl. 23 Mar. in
In the evening we were entertained with the calumet and dog dance.
1854 J. G. Wood 134
There is the dog-dance, in which the liver of the dog is suspended to a pole..The Indians..commence a slow dance round the pole.
1931 B. Evans & M. G. Evans 95
‘The Peace Dance is..almost the same as the Dog Dance.’ Back of all these conflicting versions there is probably a very ancient symbolic ceremonial whose origin is lost in the obscurity of a remote past.
26 Nov. g1
Second-graders at Our Lady of Prompt Succor..perform a dog dance during Indian Day.
2002 13 286
Among the Arapaho,..the leader and his four associates in the Dog Dance pledged never to retreat.
dog-eat-dog n. and adj.
(a) n. a situation in which people are willing to harm each other in order to succeed;
(b) adj. ruthlessly competitive.
[1794 5 Aug.
Dog eat dog.]
1822 Q. Poynet I. ii. 50
‘Come, Giles, let's see the contents of the purse—honour amongst thieves, you know.’ ‘Yes, yes,’ added the old woman; ‘no dog eat dog in this house.’
1854 30 Dec. 9
It was dog eat dog—tit for tat... the customers cheated us in their fabrics; we cheated the customers with our goods.
1872 5 Aug. 5/5
The ‘dog-eat-dog’ relations existing..between those who mistakenly follow the piebald candidate and those who only propose to use him.
1931 ‘D. Stiff’ xv. 169
He knows and lives the justice of the jungle as well as he knows and lives the dog-eat-dog code of the main stem.
1959 N. N. Holland xiv. 168
The impression we get is of a dog-eat-dog world.
1964 R. Jeffries iii. 21
You don't want to be nice for this job..it's dog eat dog.
2006 No. 49. 89/1
I've often been in these dog-eat-dog battles for survival, and have had to fight hard.
(a) Brit. slang the end of a cigarette that has been smoked (cf. );
(b) the very end of something, the last or worst part.
1934 27 Aug. 11/4
A man who hunts for cigarette-ends in the street is a ‘dog-end walloper’.
1941 G. Kersh 186
There is a kind of closet containing a bar scarcely more than three feet long. This dog-end of space belongs to the group.
1999 T. Lott
He narrows his eyes behind his specs against the smoke still coiling from his smouldering, soggy dog-end.
2003 A. Maxted xiii. 104
Dreadfully hard to be pro-smooch when you're at the dog end of a failed relationship.
dog fashion adv. colloq. = ; cf. .
1948 N. Cassady 16 June
Nigger fucks dog-fashion as she kneels on bed.
2005 J. Pelham 31
Imagine that big jerk Oscar jumping this magnificent woman dog fashion and not having the foggiest notion what he could do with her if he had any smarts.
† dog-flaw n. Obs. a burst of passion: see .
a1625 J. Fletcher Women Pleas'd iii. iv, in F. Beaumont & J. Fletcher
We would soone disburthen ye Of that that breeds these fits, these dog-flawes in ye.
1857 T. Wright 393/2
Dogflaws, gusts of rage.
1806 in T. North 5 July
Pd Fewkes Dog Flogger 0 10 0.
dog fouling n. the action or practice of allowing one's dog to defecate in a public place.
1975 20 July 2 a/6
‘You don't warn them of their constitutional rights?’ I asked. ‘No, I don't. It's not necessary when one deals with dog fouling’.
1982 11 Oct. 3/3
Penalties for dog fouling.
2005 S. Bell in I. Kowarik & S. Körner 90
Focus groups identified dog fouling as being a key form of anti-social behaviour.
† dog-given adj. Obs. rare addicted to dogs.
?1611 G. Chapman tr. Homer xi. 256
As a dog-given hunter sets upon a brace of boars His white-tooth'd hounds.
dog grate n. a detached fire grate standing in a fireplace upon dogs (see sense ).
1844 24 Apr. 1/5
Self-acting range patterns, stove, dog grate, and other patterns.
1908 A. Conan Doyle in 36 247
With a slow smile he drew a folded and discoloured scrap of paper from his pocket. ‘It was a dog-grate, Mr Holmes, and he overpitched it.’
1992 C. Hardyment viii. 114
The rows of spits laid across from one firedog to another evolved into a form of brazier known as a dog grate.
dog hair adj. N. Amer. attrib. (of a stand of trees, a forest, etc.) consisting of densely packed trees, often spindly from lack of sunlight, and typically arising from natural seeding after burning or forest clearing.
1971 24 200/2
A properly managed cover of grasses reduces erosion,..allows for the return to timber, and aids in eliminating ‘doghair stands’ of trees.
2005 A. D. Nystrom vi. 287
The dog hair forest finally gives way to sagebrush meadows, and, on clear days, truly grand views.
dog handler n. a person who works with a trained dog or dogs, now esp. police dogs.
1870 3 Mar. 10/2
Sheffield George, the noted English dog handler.
1968 R. Jeffries i. 9
The civilian fitter..was changing a fan-belt on a dog handler's van.
1971 25 Apr. 17/6
Dog handler Mr. Robert Green..receives £720 from her estate.
2000 A. Taylor
I want as many men as possible down there. You'd better call in a dog-handler as well.
dog handling n. the work of a dog handler; the training or use of dogs to perform particular tasks.
1911 5 Apr. 1/7
Scott has the best equipment for his undertaking, but will that counter-balance the knowledge of dog handling which the Norwegian possesses?
4 Dec. 15,
150 Peruvian police officers received special training in the United States in bomb deactivation, dog handling and protection of vital installations.
2003 24 950
For dog handling, clearance work, medical support and database operations, professional expertise is employed.
dog-hanging n. Eng. regional
(a) (formerly, in Essex) a wedding feast held to collect money for the bride (hist. in later use);
(b) (more generally) any social gathering (now rare).
[Probably with allusion to the gathering at the spectacle of dog being publicly (and sometimes judicially) hanged; compare .]
1646 Maldon Parish Rec. 12 Mar. in W. W. Addison
[Thomas Reid heard William Came say] that the next day being the sabbath day he was to go to a dog-hanging feast to Robert Bigges's house.
1699 W. Winstanley ix. 133
Now in most parts of Essex (where this Wedding was kept) it is a common Custom when Poor People Marry, to make a kind of a Dog-Hanging, or Mony-gathering, which they call a Wedding-Dinner.
1847 J. O. Halliwell at word,
Dog-hanging. A wedding feast, where money was collected for the bride.
1886 R. E. G. Cole (at cited word),
There's some folks will go to any kind of a dog-hanging.
1949 W. W. Addison 103
But as disapproval of mirth is as constant as enjoyment of it, we must have this curious report of a dog-hanging feast in the spring of 1646.
1994 P. Beale
Gus Thornton, in conversation..remarked that ‘a dog hanging’ was well known to his generation (born ca. 1920) as a term for any sort of social gathering or celebration.
† dog horse n. Obs. a worn-out horse slaughtered for dog's meat; (hence) any old or worn-out horse.
(Oxfordshire Archives E12/1F/1)
Geven..for a dogg horse viiid.
1698 J. Vanbrugh iv. ii,
Two blind stallions, besides pads, routs, and dog-horses.
c1785 T. Bewick Waiting for Death in A. Dobson
He..was judged to be only fit for the dogs. However, one shilling and sixpence beyond the dog-horse price saved his life.
1851 10 Apr. 8
The most notorious ruffians [sc. street cab drivers]..madly tooling their dog horses in ricketty and leaky vehicles.
1852 ‘Scrutator’ v. 54
In some localities dog horses are scarce, in others almost too plentiful; the average price is from fourteen shillings to a pound.
1858 R. S. Surtees lxxxiv. 324
Having a contract with Sir Moses for dog horses.
† dog hunger n. Obs. = ; also fig.; cf. .
1605 J. Sylvester tr. G. de S. Du Bartas ii. i. 342
The Dog-hunger, or the Bradypepsie.
a1680 S. Butler
His greedy appetite to riches is but a kind of doghunger that never digests what it devours.
1727 E. Strother tr. P. Hermann I. 106
It [sc. Wormwood] agrees in Weaknesses of Stomach, in the Dog-Hunger, in Colicks, and in Worms.
1810 1 i. 9
From this quarter [sc. natural history] we derive the elegant terms of fames canina, rabies canina (dog-hunger, dog-madness).
dog ill n. rare (now disused) = .
1874 H. Dalziel 24
Distemper is also known as the ‘dog-ill’.
1906 J. Law
Synonyms [of distemper]: Contagious catarrhal fever; Dog ill; Bronchial Catarrh; Intestinal Catarrh.
dog iron n.
†(a) Sc. (usually in pl., in pair of dog irons) an iron brace or leash for a dog; cf. (obs.);
(b) a firedog (see sense ).
1534 in J. B. Paul
For..viij pair of dog irnes.
1577 Edinb. Test. V. f. 197v, in at Dog irne,
Tua pair of dog irnes,..tua pair of ratche cuppelis.
1637 in D. Yaxley
One payer of dogyrons wth brasse pillers one payer of short dogyrons j payer of dogyrons wth brasse knopes 3s.
1775 Inventory 1 Dec. in
Furniture..705 grates; 296 pair dog-irons.
1883 Old Virginia Gentlem. in 48 135
Brass dog-irons of ponderous build..shine against the warm brick hearth.
29 June i6
Cover the fireplace opening with glossy, magnolia leaves..or simply pile driftwood on grate or dog irons.
dog-killer n. a person who kills dogs; spec. an official appointed to kill dogs suspected of having or carrying some disease.
1592 T. Nashe sig. C 3v,
Out vppon thee for an arrant dog-killer, strike a man when he is dead.
That order be taken that no Hogges, Dogges or Cattes..be suffred to be kept within any parte of the Citie,..and that the Dogges be killed by the Dog-killers, appointed for that purpose.
1631 B. Jonson Bartholmew Fayre ii. i. 16 in II
A worthy worshipfull man..who would take you, now the habit of a Porter; now of a Carman; now of the Dog-killer, in this moneth of August.
1777 x. 103
The dogs by natural instinct ran away from the city dog-killer.
1841 L. M. F. Child Let. 26 Aug. in
The company of dog-killers themselves are a frightful sight, with their bloody clubs, and spattered garments.
4 Dec. a3
A million dogs have been killed in one southern China province,..most of them bludgeoned to death in a campaign against rabies... Squads of dog-killers had been hard at work in Guangdong province.
dog-Latin n. a debased form of Latin.
1661 G. Carew Ep. Ded. 3
The King hath been paid most of his small Rents with Pen and Ink and Dog-Latine since the Course of the Excheq. hath been Altered.
1702 tr. J. Lipsius 21
This is Dog-Latin..and will not pass Grammar for all Mr. Tully's vouching of it.
1853 Thackeray vi. 271
‘Nescio quid est materia cum me’, Sterne writes to one of his friends (in dog Latin, and very sad-dog Latin too).
1993 10 June 505/2
It [sc. a book] relies entirely on verbal description, with not a single diagram..to help the uninitiated through neuroscience's dog-Latin.
dog leader n. a person who leads a dog or dogs; spec. a servant in charge of dogs (now hist.).
1607 E. Topsell 142
Iupiter himselfe was called Cynegetes, that is, a Dogge-leader; because he taught the Arcadians first of all to hunt away noysome beasts by the helpe of Dogges.
1679 T. Blount 35
To be the Kings Vauterer or Dog-leader in Gascoigny, till he had worn out a pair of Shoes of four pence price.
1798 J. Ebers II. 222/1
Hundeführer, der, a Dog-Leader.
1826 Scott III. v. 154
Bevis, who was bred here when he was a dog-leader, would not fly at him.
1927 12 Mar. 9/5
Dog leaders have to show references before people will trust them with expensive pets.
16 Mar. g3
At hunting parties, he was accompanied by beaters and dog leaders carrying boar spears.
1842 Jan. 30
The books with pictures which used to afford so much delight, all thumbed and dog-leaved and tattered.
1905 27 Mar. 2/1
The first of these old pamphlets, all dog-leaved and discolored with their years, was printed at Philadelphia in 1790.
† dog-leaving n. Obs. rare the action or process of producing dog-eared leaves in a book.
1823 R. Southey in C. C. Southey
He exercised the boys in it [sc. a spelling-book] so much, that the thumbing and dog-leaving turned to good account.
dog line n.
(a) a type of fishing line, perhaps for catching dogfish (now hist.);
(b) a trace for fastening a dog to a sledge.
1793 J. Sinclair VII. 204
The next fishing is with the dog-line. In August frequently the sea-dog..is taken in considerable quantities.
1856 E. K. Kane I. xx. 252
The leader of the party succeeded in patching up his mutilated dog-lines.
1938 23 Nov. 15
So easy was the sledge running that often the dog lines were dragging along the ice.
(California Dept. Fish & Game)
The name dog line was variously applied to fishing lines.
6 Feb. 23
You start off with a couple of dogs, then you buy the equipment—harness, dog lines, a rig, a sled.
dog lock n. Firearms (now hist.) an early type of flintlock, usually of English manufacture, having an external safety in the form of a pivoted hook which engages a notch in the rear, underside, or breast of the cock; (also) a gun fitted with this type of lock.
1753 D. Henry 37
Some arms..are distinguished..by having what they call Dog-locks, which Kind of Locks have a Ketch to secure them from going off at Half-cock.
1773 R. Greene 33
A Pistol with a Dog Lock.
1859 3 No. 11. 311
The reign of James II. may fairly be considered as the commencement of adopted flints, connected with which system is the doglock catch at the back of the cock.
1956 H. L. Peterson i. i. 32
Two of the remaining guns of the Plymouth colonists are dog locks.
2003 J. Kinard ii. 16
The English lock appeared in the first quarter of the seventeenth century and was quickly followed by its close relative, the dog lock.
dog madness n. now rare = ; also in figurative contexts.
1678 tr. M. Charas ii. xix. 123
Pulvis contra Rabiem. A Powder againg [sic] Dog-madness.
1715 J. Delacoste tr. H. Boerhaave 304
It's called..because mostly proceeding from the bite of Dogs, a Dog-madness.
1834 T. Carlisle Sartor Resartus in June 673/2
It [sc. Utilitarianism] spreads like a sort of Dog-madness; till the whole World-kennel will be rabid.
1891 14 July 1/3
He has foaming at the mouth, violent twitching of the limbs and other symptoms of dog madness.
No fewer than six people have died as a result of rabies..following what was reported as an outbreak of dog madness in the three local government areas of the state.
dog-master n. a person in charge of a dog or dogs; a dog leader or trainer.
c1585 Let. of Estate in
Torne them [sc. old horses] to grase..or els take forty pence of the dogmaster for there scinne.
1611 L. Barrey iv. i. sig. G1v,
When did you see sir Theophrastus Slop, The Citty Dog-maister?
?1747 J. Ray 173
They..will jump and dance at the Sound of the French Horn, being used to that Note by an old Dogmaster at Paris.
1852 17 Oct. 1/1
Could any cunning dog-master have taught one of Derby's pointers to utter the words delivered by the Right Hon. William Beresford, the feat would have been a matter of curiosity.
1956 5 May 8
Though there are shining exceptions, the ladies in general do not excel as dog masters.
7 May b2
Dogs receive three months intensive training before going on the road with a dogmaster.
dog musher n. orig. and chiefly N. Amer. a person who drives a dog sled; cf.
1900 9 Dec. (Sunday Suppl.),
One of these dog ‘mushers’, as the team drivers are called, is famous throughout Alaska.
1966 July 63
Bouncing over impossible terrain on bone-rattling wheeled carts, dog mushers have made sledging an all-season sport.
2007 K. Joly xxiii. 94
Dog mushers also use these trails. Try to get off the trail to allow them by, especially if you have a dog with you.
dog mushing n. orig. and chiefly N. Amer. the action or sport of driving a dog sled; cf.
1907 13 Mar. 6/3
More popular than any other outdoor sports are skiing and ‘dog mushing’.
1993 Feb. 25/3
A variety of other adventures including dog mushing, soaking in hot springs and skiing.
2001 P. Jenkins xi. 195
One thing I didn't realize in dog mushing: you fall off the sled, your dogs often don't stop.
† dog-nose vice n. Obs. rare—0 a vice with long pointed jaws.
1874 E. H. Knight
Dog-nose Vise, a hand-vise with long, slender, pointed jaws. Called also pig-nose vise.
dog paddle n. colloq. an elementary swimming stroke resembling that of a paddling dog; = .
1874 28 Aug. 1/3
Occasionally one would indulge in a few strokes of dog paddle, but only for a moment of rest.
1904 R. Thomas
How did Beowulf swim? I should say the human stroke..popularly but incorrectly known as dog paddle, which was the European stroke to about the year 1500.
1928 25 June 4/5
Try to push off from the side, performing the kick with a ‘dog-paddle’ arm stroke.
2001 Oct. 96/2
In the middle of the water, nervously doing a one-armed dog paddle with my rod held high in the other hand.
dog-paddle v. colloq. intr. to swim using the dog paddle.
1910 9 June 3/2
A person who is in desperate straits should never throw even the little finger out of the water, but dog paddle to safety.
1958 L. Durrell i. 21,
I put the precious rose between my teeth and dog-paddled back to my clothes on the pebble beach.
2005 S. Amick viii. 48
Mark was..dog-paddling in a circle, the water still choppy from the wake of the departing sailboat.
dog park n.
(a) U.S. a track for dog racing; = ;
(b) orig. and chiefly U.S. a park set aside for dog owners to exercise their dogs, esp. off the lead.
1928 1 June 1/6
A hearing on the merits of the matter, whether offering $2 to a cashier at the dog park is a bet or a ‘contribution’.
1949 29 Sept. 13/6
Dog park... ‘I figure if the people want a park for dogs they can get a vacant lot and fix it up for them.’
3 July 8 a,
Feuds among owners of Dairyland Greyhound Park—USA's largest dog park—jeopardize license.
2005 28 Sept. 5/1
Bellbowrie dog owners are going head to head with Brisbane City Council in a bid to keep the Booker Place off-leash dog park untouched.
dog pelter n. U.S. (now hist.) a person whose job is to kill stray or unlicensed dogs; also in allusive phrases with reference to the menial or unpopular nature of such a job; cf. , .
1822 J. Galt xvi. 338,
I would, however, like it if the gangs..were treated, as other dog-pelters, constables, and town-officers, commonly are.
1859 H. E. Taliaferro 232
Sich a onhuman man can't git my vote fur dog-pelter.
1906 in D. F. Littlefield
If he takes sides he won't 'mount to nothin' an' couldn't be dog pelter.
Official dog-whippers or dog-pelters were appointed to control obstreperous barkers.
dog-pole n. now hist. a pole drawn by a dog, formerly used by North American Indians for transporting baggage (see quot. ).
1804 J. Ordway Jrnl. 22 Sept. in
We found Some of their ceeder dog poles... We are informed that the Indians tie..dogs to these poles and they have to dragg them from one camp to another loaded with their Baggage.
1965 40 95
Dog-poles. Poles used by American Indians to make a light sled, drawn by dogs.
dog power n. the power of a dog, esp. harnessed to some mechanical device (as a spit or churn), or used to draw a vehicle (as a cart, sled, or the like).
1846 D. P. Gardner 158/1
Churns are moved by horse or dog power, water, and even steam-engines.
1932 22 171
Scott made one of his few errors in distrusting dog power for his journeys.
1961 14 Apr. 16
Across the Atlantic... [there was] comparable use of dog-power by treadwheel..to raise water from wells, to churn butter..and even to drive a printing press, a washing machine, and a circular saw.
It was all our power-challenged machines could do to get everyone up the glacier... Kristan and a few others used dog power.
dog-proof adj. secure against dogs; (of a building, barrier, etc.) effective in preventing dogs from gaining access or escaping.
1835 18 Feb. 252/2
The lot in front of the shed should be an acre of more surrounded by a wolf or dog proof fence.
1843 15 Dec. 356/1
On the south side of this is a yard.., boarded up so close and high as to make it dog-proof.
1927 M. Dorney 39
Dog-proof fences..keep out the dingoes.
2006 R. G. Beauchamp 48/2
Make sure he is confined to his crate or dog-proof room with something okay to chew when you are not there to supervise.
dog-rapper n. Eng. regional now hist. an official employed to drive dogs out of a church or chapel; = (in extended use sometimes applied to other minor church officers); (also) the switch or stick used for dog-rapping.
1854 1 90
The magistrate at Newbury told me..that when he was a boy they [sc. vergers] were called dog-rappers... At the time when Dog-rappers were required, the state of the canine race must have been very different.
1854 Apr. 398
Dog-rappers..were weapons for driving dogs out of churches.
1923 E. Gepp
Dog-rapper: a church beadle or sexton.
dog-rapping n. the occupation of a dog-rapper; the driving of dogs out of church.
1897 at Dog sb.1,
1923 E. Gepp
Dogs having ceased to be a common nuisance as intruders into church, dog-rapping has passed into oblivion.
dog screw n. Mech. any of several kinds of screw, as one with a flat head that extends beyond the width of the shaft, or a grub screw; (also) =
This dog-screw can be run out or in to adjust the apparatus to the exact distance between the ribs of the vessel.
1900 142 405
A wooden screw of hornbeam or other tough wood..is screwed into the pine sleeper, and into this the dog-screw is fastened.
1973 E. K. Hendriksen ix. 95/1
It is splined to receive a dog screw J, which prevents it from turning.
3 Mar. (News section) 6
Darwin City Council had given the club $1000 to replace 30 rotting sleepers at the track's bridge, securing them in with dog screws.
dog-sit v. orig. U.S. intr. to take care of a dog in the absence of its owner, usually at the owner's home; also trans.
1951 13 Mar. 1/3
When she goes out there's no one to dog sit for Blackie, an 11-year-old mixture of bull and fox terrier.
1989 ‘C. Roman’ xiii. 145
The Newfies have offered to dog-sit Topper while I'm away.
2003 25 Mar. 34/1
We dog sat for her when she went away.
dog sitter n. orig. U.S. a person who takes care of a dog in the absence of its owner.
1942 2 Oct. (Cartoon section) 4/3
Never hire a boy for a dog sitter if you don't want a case of alienation of affections!
2002 7 Jan. 34/4
Need a dog-sitter to keep your canine company while you're out?
dog-sitting n. orig. U.S. the act or an instance of taking care of a dog in the absence of its owner.
1949 5 Mar. 24/3
The dog-sitting service requires most of the working time of four experienced young ladies.
1999 J. Cassidy 118
Later that night Dan and his friend popped in to see how the dog-sitting was coming along.
dog sled n. a sled drawn by a dog or a team of dogs, used esp. in the Arctic regions.
[1697 H. Kelsey in
Went..to draw home plank but could not so came with one upon the dogs slead.]
1706 tr. E. Y. Ides iv. 14
Dog-Sleads, how used.
1810 Z. M. Pike 85
With my dog-sled [I] arrived at the fort before 10 o'clock.
1889 1 May 5/3
An account of a recent dog-sled trip in the North-west.
1997 14 Dec. viii. 4/3
You don't have to..go to Alaska to drive a dog sled. Increasingly, companies..are offering chances to mush.
dog-sled v. intr. to travel by dog sled (as a driver or passenger).
1900 27 Dec. 20/1
A large part of its population dog-sledded down the Yukon and along the shores of Behring Sea to the new gold fields.
1952 13 Feb. 6/4
He gave a very interesting account of his experiences while dog sledding through Alaska.
4 Nov. (Features section) 12
She's sailed round the world and dog-sledded to the Arctic.
dog-sledder n. a person who engages in dog-sledding, esp. the driver of a dog sled.
1892 E. R. Young xxiii. 284
A dog-sledder's experience.
1949 30 Dec. 1/5
Eskimo dogsledders rescue injured pilot from Alaska mountain.
2009 T. Avery ii. 64
We could console ourselves that we weren't the first novice dog-sledders to have had a rough initiation to the sport.
dog-sledding n. the action or pastime of travelling by dog sled (as a driver or passenger).
1890 27 Dec. 387/1
Several months of the impending winter, which time I propose to employ in dog-sledding journeys into the interior.
1938 B. Washburn in T. O. Nall 174
We had a hundred miles of dog-sledding to do to get through the St. Elias range from our base camp.
19 Feb. 134
There's something inherently peaceful about dog-sledding—the still surroundings, the silent athleticism of the huskies.
dog sledge n. = dog sled is the more usual term in North America.
1805 J. Carr xix. 258
In the gallery above was a Lapponian dog-sledge.
1856 E. K. Kane I. xvi. 185,
I have been out with my dog-sledge, inspecting the ice.
1953 22 291
The winch and meter-wheel were mounted on a light dog sledge.
6 Mar. 62
Accessible Isolation..offers an eight-day trip which will..study wildlife with travel by dog sledge and helicopter.
dog-sledge v. intr. = dog-sled is the more usual term in North America.
1856 M. E. S. D. Leathley
The chief mode of communication between the different places is by dog-sledging along the frozen rivers.
1936 36 120/1
With Râsmusson the author dog-sledged across the Arctic.
15 Nov. (Features section) 3
He made a transit of the north-east passage in Siberia, skied and dog-sledged across the Greenland ice cap.
dog-sledger n. = dog-sledder is the more usual term in North America.
1879 2 291/2
Captain Nares gives a rather laughable picture of the earlier efforts of some of the would-be dog-sledgers.
1935 May 395/1
Peary was the most expert dog sledger of his day.
2001 F. Fleming viii. 112
He was..the best dog-sledger below the Arctic circle.
dog-sledging n. = dog-sledding is the more usual term in North America.
1852 S. Osborn 190
Nothing..can be more exhilarating than dog-sledging.
1912 A. G. Chater tr. R. Amundsen
The first barrier afforded the best going, and was specially adapted for dog-sledging.
10 Sept. 99
Numerous shore activities such as dog-sledging and snow-mobiling.
† dog spasm n. Obs. rare = .
1615 H. Crooke 754
Those conuulsions which we call Cynicke or Dogge-spasmes, because by the contraction of these, men are constrained to writh and grinne like Dogges.
1649 J. Bulwer xxiv. 204
The Muscles are contracted into their proper heades, and with them they rivell that part into which they are inserted, which indeede is common to the naturall and præternaturall Plaise-mouth or Dog-Spasme.
dog-stopper n. Naut. now hist. a heavy rope secured round the mainmast and used to back up the stopper () for additional security in rough weather.
1791 J. H. Moore
Bend the Buoys and Bouy-ropes, single the Stoppers,..have the Dog-Stoppers to pass [etc.].
1793 R. H. Gower viii. 75
An approved form for a dog-stopper is to have it made with a large eye, that it may be thrown over the bit-head, and shifted over from side to side at pleasure.
1867 W. H. Smyth & E. Belcher at Stopper of the Cable,
Dog-stopper, a strong rope clenched round the mainmast, and used on particular occasions to relieve and assist the preceding [i.e. the stopper of the cable, or deck-stopper] when the ship rides in a heavy sea.
1989 P. O'Brian ii. 64
See, they undo the deck-stoppers, or dog-stoppers as some superficial observers call them.
1850 Mar. 373
We also noticed a very handsome antique dog stove, brought from Leeds Castle.
1881 M. E. Braddon vi. 71
The Rectory had all the shortcomings and all the fascinations of an old house: wide hearths and dog-stoves, high mantel-pieces, deep recessed casements.
1933 30 Nov. 10
The exhibits [of rural ornamental ironwork]..included..fire baskets and dog stoves, lanterns and brackets, [etc.].
† dog-strop n. Obs. Naut. a type of strop () used on the yard.
1865 G. S. Nares 39
The strop round the yard is called the dog strop, and is a single strop; the block is fitted with two single strops which are connected with the dog strop.
1871 A. H. Alston 86
The dog-strop for the yard tackle pendant is a single wire strop.
dog style adv. colloq. = ; cf.
1957 W. Burroughs 117
Greek lads white as marble fuck dog style on the portico of a great golden temple.
24 Mar. 1918
Findings indicate that in discussion anal sex was confused with other non-traditional sexual practices like vaginal sex ‘dog-style’ and with oral sex.
dog tag n.
(a) a tag attached to a dog's collar, typically giving its name and owner's address;
(b) slang (orig. U.S.) a soldier's identification tag.
1882 17 Feb. 1/7
Notice is hereby given that the dog tags, as prescribed by an act passed by the..legislature are on hand at my office.
1918 22 Feb. 2/1
All that will be necessary will be to consult his finger print name and other matters of interest on the little steel tag around his neck, variously known as ‘Dog Tag’, ‘license to live’, but to the Medical Department as an Identification Tag.
1947 XXIX. 159
If I should die to-morrow, I suppose this is where my bones, if not my dog-tag, would lie for ever.
1952 C. D. MacDougall 645
Charles Woodford, license clerk at the ASPCA, took a sample census of dog tags down there and found that Fido ‘was as dead as the dodo’.
1999 14 May 18/2
They are encouraged to have their religious preferences stamped on the metal dog-tags each soldier wears.
25 June a1
Amos was wearing a red harness..and a dog tag with his name and Mr. Weaver's address.
dog team n. a team of dogs used to draw a vehicle, esp. a sled.
1822 24 Apr. 2/4
A team of dogs that draws a small waggon..is spoken of as having caused much gaping... The managers of the Philadelphia Theatre, have employed this or another dog team to exhibit on the stage.
1856 E. K. Kane I. xvi. 198
They brought my dog-team, with the restoratives I had sent for.
1928 16 June 2461
The author worked as a dog-team freighter in Alaska during the gold-rush.
2003 13 Feb. 15/3
The mushers, many of whom have spent months training their dog teams for the contest, have expressed concern that global warming..will mean in future that the race will not be run along its normal route.
dog tent n. now hist. a small tent used by soldiers (so-called from its resemblance to a dog's kennel); cf. .
1862 J. Cook ii. 34
Wedge-tents, used by the officers, and little dog-tents, by the men, shone in every direction as the sun's rays struck them.
1863 A. W. Kinglake II. xi. 181
The French soldiery were provided with what they called dog-tents—tents not a yard high, but easily carried, and yielding shelter to soldiers creeping into them.
22 Nov. e1
He finishes packing his dog tent for the [re-enaction of the] Battle of Secessionville.
† dog-thick adj. Obs. nonce-use as ‘thick’ as dogs, intimate (cf. ).
a1810 R. Tannahill
Get dog-thick wi' the parish priest.
[after classical Latin canis or canīcula (see main etymology)]
chiefly Ancient Hist. the lowest or losing throw at dice.
1772 R. Warner in B. Thornton et al. tr. Plautus IV. 149
He threw deuce-ace... Literally, he threw four vulturs. The vultur throw as well as the dog throw, was esteemed unlucky.
1880 C. T. Lewis & C. Short
Canicula..The worst throw with dice, the dog-throw.
1987 W. E. Sweet & E. Segal xvi. 108
The worst throw was the Dog Throw, but its nature is not known.
dog-tongs n. now hist. a set of large tongs used by a dog-whipper to expel dogs from church.
1860 J. H. Cliffe viii. 121
We were also shown a curious old instrument called the gefail cwn, or dog-tongs.
1891 2 Oct. 4
A very quaint exhibit..consisting of ‘dog-tongs’, formerly used for expelling dogs from churches.
27 Apr. b6
The dog-whipper's job was to keep order in the canine congregation... Whips and dog-tongs were used.
dogtown n. U.S. a colony of prairie dogs (genus Cynomys).
1844 J. Carleton 26 Aug. 53
We passed..by that great curiosity of the prairies, a Dog Town.
1918 W. Cather i. vii. 49
The dog town was spread out over perhaps ten acres. The grass had been nibbled short and even.
2004 2 Aug. 11/2
Imperiled animals like the sage grouse, the black-tailed prairie dog, and the mountain plover, a bird that lives in dogtowns.
dog track n.
(a) a track or trail left by a dog; usu. in pl.;
(b) a track () used in greyhound racing.
1854 S. W. Baker xi. 318,
I was convinced that the buck had been at bay in the large river, as I had seen his tracks in several places on the banks with dog tracks in company.
1928 25 Mar. 16/6
The Ministry of Health has decided that Wimbledon must put up with a dog-track, however much the Council and inhabitants may resent it.
1998 S. Armitage
In Sainsbury's, you're..staring down the line of checkouts—like a starting trap at a dog track.
The dog tracks in the snow leading in and out of the suspect's property were a dead giveaway.
dog-train n. now chiefly hist. a dog sled and team of dogs taken together.
1793 J. MacDonnell Jrnl. 6 Nov. in L. R. Masson 1st Ser. 285
Five dog trains started with goods for Mr. Grant's.
1897 R. Kipling v. 121
He told them of mail-carrying in the winter up Cape Breton way, of the dog-train that goes to Coudray.
The local Cree..brought in buffalo robes..and dried meat, and Flett..[was] kept busy organizing horse and dogtrains to bring these goods to Fort Edmonton.
dog trial n. a competition involving a test or series of tests of the skill of working dogs, esp. sheepdogs tending sheep; usu. in pl.
1874 F. C. S. Pearce in 1 p. v,
The Club shall be called the Kennel Club, it shall endeavour in every way to promote the general improvement of dogs, dog shows, and dog trials.
1951 L. G. D. Acland ix. 303
He was also a lover of Border collies and at one time almost unbeatable at the dog-trials.
2000 1 June 55/1
Three full days of drafting and dog trials were included in the program and about 1500 cattle were used.
dog truck n.
†(a) a small truck drawn by a dog, a dog cart (obs.);
(b) a truck for transporting dogs.
1839 Apr. 475
Woe to the proprietors of dog trucks! and especial woe to them that ride therein!
1842 31 Dec. 3
There are..many varieties [of slow fellows], from the tandem and tax-cart down to the waggon and dog-truck.
1924 10 June 11
A new dog truck is being put into service to catch stray dogs.
9 Dec. (This Week section) 2
A group of Cubans in this dog truck picked us up and we had to get in back in a cage with the dogs.
dog tucker n. Austral. and N.Z. dog food, spec. (in early use) mutton used as food for working dogs, or an unsaleable sheep fit only for this; also fig. (cf. ).
1933 L. G. D. Acland in 7 Oct. 15/7
Dog Tucker. In the old days when Merino sheep were worth even less than they are now, it was the custom to throw in a few to the drover on delivery to make up for losses on the road. They were called dog tucker. E.g., ‘I'll throw ten in for your dogs.’
1965 10 Feb. 39/4
The pup's master had thrown him a small piece of mutton, cut from the dog tucker hanging in a tree.
Bill Ord argues for conservation, culling and cuisine. We should be eating and wearing kangaroos, not turning them into dog tucker.
2008 23 July
The champion coach would be dog tucker at the merest hint he saw his new job as a chance to right a personal wrong.
dog walker n. a person who walks a dog or dogs, esp. as an occupation.
1887 30 Dec. 7/7
A Dog-Walker. The following advertisement appears in a Boston paper: ‘Wanted—A person to take a dog to walk.’
1979 28 Feb. 9/1
Officers had to issue warnings before ticketing dog walkers who failed to clean up after their pets.
2001 K. Izzo & C. Marsh
If the cost of caring for your Great Dane now includes a dog walker or doggie daycare then your ex should help out.
dog walking n. the activity or occupation of walking a dog or dogs.
1897 18 Dec. 16/2
Dog-walking is the latest profession for women. The dog-walker sends her circulars to ladies, offering to exercise the canine pets at so much an hour.
1945 13 Aug. 11/2
In New York..the evening dog-walking interlude is a pleasantly sociable and neighborly affair.
(Thames & Chiltern Region)
Over one-third of the visitors interviewed used the park for dog walking.
2009 J. McCoy 7
Buddy had hit it off with Rudy, and his master..had encouraged her to try dog walking. So the Bichon had become her second customer.
dog warden n. a dog catcher; (also) a person who runs a dog pound.
1899 21 July 4/1
Each township board will appoint a dog warden.
1916 22 July 1/2
Texas Democrats today are primarying on everything from prohibition to dog warden.
1990 Summer 31/2
A dog warden or poundkeeper has discretionary authority..to destroy an impounded dog.
2000 27 July 15/1
An off-duty dog warden..spotted the cold and dehydrated animal on the embankment.
dog-wheel n. now hist. a vertical wheel or treadmill turned by a dog inside and used esp. to turn a spit.
1592 in D. Yaxley
A dogge wheele vjd.
1609 in J. S. Moore
In the Kitchinge..two owlde dressinge boardes with a Dogge wheel.
1756 W. Toldervy I. 107
A dog-wheel, for roasting of meat.
1862 3 2 255/1
Thirty years ago, the kitchen of nearly every respectable house in Haverfordwest possessed a dog-wheel and a turnspit dog.
1992 C. Hardyment vii. 114
A dog-wheel which turned five spits is mentioned in the 1710 inventory of the ‘Little Kitchen’ at Dyrham Park.
dog work n. menial or unpleasant work; spec. = .
1850 A. Nicholson iii. xxii. 437
These men do what the superficial age would call the dog-work of the church—the work which some, who hold a higher station in it, would not stoop to do.
1989 Sept. 47/1
We're sitting in a corner doing dog work.
2003 31 July f6/2
The design-builders are saving the special craft of things for themselves and leaving the dog work to subcontractors.
dog year n. orig. N. Amer. a notional unit of time (typically reckoned as 1/
7 of a year) based on the supposed ratio between the average lifespan of a dog and that of a human; (hence, in pl.) a (seemingly) long time (cf. ).
1938 T. White xxiii. 285
Perrito Blanco was taken on board the cruiser, introduced to new quarters, and there for many a year as dog years count, he remained in naval service.
1978 28 Oct. iii. 2/1
Chronologically, I'm 27... But in the NFL you age in dog years. What is it, seven dog years to one human year?
31 July a2,
28 dog years later, Tamber has been reunited with his family. Tamber was collared at an Edmonton-area lake cabin this week—four years after he disappeared.
2008 C. Muller & B. Thorpe 207
High school was, sadly, dog years ago..but a fiancée? Well, that was practically yesterday.
In names of animals. See also , , , , etc.In this section, compounds with dog and those with dog's have been treated together as variants of one another.
Denoting an animal that resembles a dog in some respect.
dog-ape n. a baboon (genus Papio), which has a long doglike snout; cf. , .In later use chiefly with reference to ancient Egyptian mythology.
ii. v. 24
If euer I thanke any man, Ile thanke you: but that they cal complement is like th' encounter of two dog-Apes.
1896 R. Kipling 5
In the heat-rotted jungle hollows, Where the dog-ape barks in the kloof.
1902 22 77
Certainly the monster is nearly related to the adoring dog-apes of Egypt.
1999 85 172
The small dog-ape was making praise in front of her.
† dog-badger n. Obs. a supposed variety of the Eurasian badger, Meles meles, having the head (or feet) resembling those of a dog; cf. .
1678 J. P. tr. J. Johnstone 79/2
Some [Badgers] are wild, and rough-bristled; some are Dog, and some Hog, Badgers or Grays... The Dog-Badgers have a Dogs grin, and dig their holes in gravelly places.
1731 T. Salmon XIV. 109
Of Badgers there are two sorts, the one call'd the Dog Badger, from his resembling a Dog in his Feet, and the other the Hog-Badger, from having a Cloven-hoof like a Hog.
1827 E. Griffith et al. V. 116
The country people pretend to distinguish two varieties, under the names of the Dog-Badger and the Hog-Badger, but they are not authenticated.
† dog bat n. Obs. the fruit bat Macroglossus minimus of Java, which has teeth resembling those of a dog.
1827 E. Griffith et al. V. 56
The Lowo Assu, or Dog Bat of Java.
1828 J. Stark I. 66
Pteropus rostratus... The Dog bat of Java.
dog cockle n.
(also †dog's cockle)
any of numerous burrowing bivalve molluscs of the family Glycimerididae, which have a highly convex, almost spherical shell with prominent hinge teeth; esp. the large Glycimeris glycimeris of the Atlantic and Mediterranean; also called comb shell.
1772 J. Rutty 379
Chama Glycymeris..the bastard Cockle, and by the Fingallians called Dog's Cockle.
1800 E. Donovan II. Pl. XXVII,
Chama glycemeris... It is found likewise on the shores of Guernsey, and the coast of Ireland, where it is called the dog's cockle.
1901 E. Step v. 63
The Dog-cockle or Comb-shell (Pectunculus glycimeris) has an appearance quite distinct from any other native species.
1924 C. E. R. Bucknill 87
Glycymeris laticostata... The Large Dog cockle or Comb shell.
1999 8 Nov. 53/1
Sea creatures are dealt with fascinatingly, as you'd expect from Davidson. He covers dog cockle and pompano as well as tuna and cod.
dog salmon n. N. Amer. any of various Pacific salmon of the genus Oncorhynchus; spec. the chum salmon, O. keta (see ).
1860 G. Suckley in
(U.S. War Dept.)
Salmo canis, Suckley... Owing to the large jaws and long ferocious-looking teeth of the species they have obtained from the whites the name of dog-salmon.
1881 15 178
Dog salmon... The males of all the species in the fall are usually known as dog salmon, or fall salmon... Hump-back—..Puget Sound salmon, dog salmon (of Alaska).
a1976 R. Haig-Brown in V. Haig-Brown
In November the Atsi is white with the splashing of dog salmon as they run up to spawn.
1997 17 Mar. 11/2
It still has some wild runs of chum, also known as dog salmon.
† dog's guts n. Obs. rare—0 the bummalo or Bombay duck, Harpadon nehereus (family Synodontidae), of the Indo-Pacific.
Dog's-guts, a fish of the family Synodontidæ, Harpodon nehereus: same as bummalo.
dog snapper n. a snapper (fish), Lutjanus jocu, which has a pair of enlarged canine teeth and occurs in the western Atlantic and the Caribbean.
1775 B. Romans App. 52
The fish caught here..are such as..red, grey and black snappers, dog snappers, mutton-fish.
1925 C. H. Townsend 67
The Dog Snapper (Neomaenis jocu), averages larger and has more color.
2003 Spring 32/1
This is a giant school of fish—a globe of at least 500 tightly packed dog snappers.
dogwinkle n. now chiefly U.S. any of several predatory marine gastropod molluscs of the genus Nucella (formerly Thais or Purpura; family Muricidae); esp. (more fully Atlantic dogwinkle) the common dog whelk, N. lapillus.
[1853 E. Forbes & S. Hanley III. 386
This whelk [sc. Purpura lapillus] is called Dog-periwinkle on many parts of the coast.]
1856 P. H. Gosse II. 129
Purpura (Lamk.) Purple, or Dog-winkle.
1901 16 Dec. 3/1
The Tyrian purple of the ancients can be obtained from the common dog-winkle (Purpura lapillus).
1966 P. A. Morris
Thais emarginata Desh. Emarginate Dogwinkle... Range: Bering Sea to Baja California.
2004 G. A. Hammerson iii. 18/2
Two intertidal predators, Atlantic dogwinkle..and Atlantic oyster drill.
Denoting insects which infest dogs.
dog flea n. a flea, Ctenocephalides canis (family Pulicidae), which infests dogs.
1510 J. Stanbridge sig. D.j.,
The dog flee cynomia.
1741 J. Serenius 94/1
1841 XIX. 117/1
Other species..have received..the names of the species they attack, such as the dog flea (Pulex Canis).
1906 6 432
He draws attention to the disappearance of dog fleas in hot weather in Agra (India).
2002 June 30
Cat and dog fleas may be intermediate hosts for the dog tapeworm.
dog louse n.
†(a) = (obs.);
(b) any of several lice which infest dogs; esp. a biting louse, Trichodectes canis, and a sucking louse, Linognathus setosus.
1552 R. Huloet
Dogge tyke or louse, ricinus.
1763 R. Brookes IV. xiii. 280
The Acarus with a livid belly... Some authors call this the Dog Louse.
1885 38 455
As regards the specimens of Tænia cucumerina present, these owed their origin to dog-lice swallowed by the animal.
1934 J. A. Thomson & E. J. Holmyard I. xiii. 318
The dog harbours Trichodectus latus , to be distinguished from the true dog-louse, Haematopinus piliferus.
1977 G. Vevers tr. H. Mourier & O. Winding 41/1
Dog louse, Linognathus setosus... There is little chance of a human becoming infested with dog lice.
2001 G. C. McGavin 147
The Cattle Biting Louse (Bovicola bovis)..and the Dog Louse (Trichodectes canis)..can cause severe irritation to their hosts.
dog tick n. any of several ticks (family Ixodidae) which infest dogs; esp. the Eurasian Ixodes canisuga, the American Dermacentor variabilis, and the cosmopolitan Rhipicephalus sanguineus.
1542 T. Elyot
Ricinus, a dogge tyke.
1668 W. Charleton 49
Ricinus..the Wood Teek, or, Dogs Teek.
I afterward examin'd the Snouts or Proboscis of Dog Ticks.
1849 2 No. 7. 373
My specimens were taken from the pointer, and were sent to me as the dog tick.
1911 4 190
One sees on Kaffirs a small red tick called the dog-tick, often mistaken for a bug.
2005 L. P. Case
Ticks that commonly feed on dogs include the brown dog tick, Rhipicephalus sanguineus, and the American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis.
In the names of plants, often denoting kinds considered inferior, worthless, or unfit for human consumption. See also , , etc.In this section, compounds with dog and those with dog's have been treated together as variants of one another.
[apparently < + either or ]
Canad. regional rare the ox-eye daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare.
Dogblow, in Nova Scotia, the ox-eye daisy, Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum.
1956 69 14
The American ‘standard’ Daisy is variously called:..in Scotland, Dog-Daisy and Gowan; in Nova Scotia, Dog-blow; [etc.].
dog-cherry n. now rare the cherry-like fruit of any of various plants considered unfit or unpleasant to eat, esp. (in early use) that of the honeysuckle, Lonicera periclymenum, and (later) the dogwood, genus Cornus; (also) any of these plants; cf. .
1597 J. Gerard iii. vii. 1113
Vpright Woodbinde or Honisuckle is called Periclymenum..: in high Dutch, Honds kirsen, that is to say, Canum cerasa, or Dog Cherries.
1745 R. James II.
Canum cerasa, Dog-cherries. A Species of Periclymenum, the same as Xylosteum.
1837 H. Murray et al.
II. i. xvi. 151
The Mahaleb Cherry... The fruit, which is bitter, and called by the Tartars Dog cherry, is the principal ingredient employed for preparing ratafia and cherry brandy.
1863 R. C. A. Prior 68
Dogberry or Dog-cherry, the fruit of the Dogwood tree, misunderstood as referring to the quadruped.
1933 39 65
The original ‘dogwood’ was probably Cornus sanguinea... The plant is also called ‘dog-cherry’, ‘dog-berry’, and ‘houndsberry-tree’.
dog daisy n. any of several plants of the of the family Asteraceae ( Compositae), esp. the common daisy, Bellis perennis, and the ox-eye daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare.
1821 4 226
There grew..a herb like the green-sauce of England, a flower like the dog-daisy, and a yellow flower about eight or nine inches high.
1894 S. Baring-Gould I. 102
The meadows were white as with dog-daisies.
1937 J. Turle 149
The ox-eye daisy, or dog-daisy, is the flower dedicated to St. Barnabas, and there is hardly a meadow in England at midsummer where you will not find them.
1984 C. Kightly 128
You used to get all sorts [of weeds in cornfields]: thistles, of course, and dog-daisies—that's mayweed, but we used to call it ‘Stinking Nanny’.
1998 26 June 10/4
Lady Rothschild's experimental meadow..seemed..simply perfection: a sea of tall, feathery, swaying grass veiling the clear white and gold of buttercups and dog daisies.
dog-hip n. now Eng. regional and rare the fruit of the dog rose, Rosa canina; the plant itself.
1747 R. James ii. 160/1
Other Medicines corroborate the Kidneys... Of this kind are Dog-hips, Rob of Juniper, and dried Strawberries.
1809 J. Murray
IV. viii. ii. 303
Cranberries, whortleberries, birdcherries, and dog-hips, contain the citric, with little of the malic acid.
1853 G. Johnston I. 75
Rosa canina, Dog-Rose. Briar-Rose: the Dog-hep.
1892 R. O. Heslop at Dog-hips,
Dog-hips and cat-haws are commonly associated by children.
dog lichen n. the thallose lichen Peltidea canina, formerly used as treatment for the bite of a rabid dog and the resulting hydrophobia.
1853 2 369
1906 9 263
Thus the dog lichen, our common Peltigera canina, was formerly supposed to be a curative of hydrophobia, hence the specific name.
1990 7 Apr. 42/4
Peltigera canina (dog lichen) has taken up residence.
dog parsley n.
(also †dog's parsley)
now rare =
1633 T. Johnson
ii. cdxxx. 1064
Thalius calls it Apium cicutarium:..Tabernamontanus, Petroselinum caninum; which name we may fitly make English, and call it Dogs-parsley.
1745 W. Ellis July 78
As I keep tame Rabbets, I am obliged to be very careful in preventing Hemlock being gathered, and given them, for Dog parsley.
1836 17 Dec. 423/1
Æthusa cynapium, or dog's parsley, is marked by spasmodic pain of the stomach, and difficulty of breathing.
10 Feb. 11
The poisonous weed fool's parsley was also thought to be an Anthriscus; it is now separately identified as Aethusa cynapium; its other name, as you would expect, is dog parsley.
dog poison n.
(also dog's poison)
fool's parsley, Aethusa cynapium (family Apiaceae ( Umbelliferae)), a poisonous weed of Eurasia and North Africa; =
1835 C. F. Partington I. 43/1
Æthusa Cynapium, common fool's parsley, lesser hemlock, or dog-poison, is a native of Great Britain.
1900 N. Blanchan 225
Fool's Parsley, or Cicely, or Dog-poison (AEthusa Cynapium), a European immigrant.., should be known only to be avoided.
1990 3 June (Home Entertaining Mag.) 6/2
The inedible ‘fool's parsley’ also looks like the flat-leafed kind, but has won the additional nickname of ‘dog's poison’ for obvious reasons.
2007 B. P. Lawton vii. 89
Aethusa cynapium (fool's parsley, dog poison, dog's parsley..). The epithet refers to an old genus.
† dog's apple n. Obs. rare the caper, Capparis spinosa.
1567 J. Maplet f. 36,
Capers..of some it is called Doggues Bremble, of other some Doggues Apple.
1688 R. Holme ii. iv. 69/2
The Caper..; it is called of the Physicians the purging herb; of some the Dogs bramble, or Dogs Apple.
dog's cabbage n.
[after Hellenistic Greek κυνοκράμβη < ancient Greek κυνο- + κράμβη ]
(a) a fleshy plant, Theligonum cynocrambe (family Rubiaceae), grown as a pot-herb in Mediterranean regions;
1712 J. Browne tr. P. Pomet et al. I. 154/2
The..Dog's-Wort Cotton..grows upon a Plant which the Botanists call Apocynum Cynocrambe, which signifies Dog's-Cabbage.
1773 W. Hanbury II. 302/1
Theligonum... There is only one species of this genus, commonly called Dog's Cabbage.
1822 S. Clarke II. 478
Purslane Thelygonum, Dog's Cabbage. Several stems, spreading, a span long, leafy, smooth, purplish.
1832 R. Mudie viii. 340
The perennial mercury, or ‘dog's cabbage’, said to be so called from dogs preferring it to any other plant, when they physic themselves with green vegetables.
1947 O. Percival 116
Mercurialis perennis, Dog's Mercury, Dog's Cabbage, Dog's Cole, Dog's Caul.
(Royal Hort. Soc.)
Thelygonum... One species only T. Cynocrambe, Dog's Cabbage, is a hardy, slightly fleshy, procumbent, annual herb, common in the Mediterranean region.
dog's camomile n. either of two similar plants of the family Asteraceae ( Compositae), stinking chamomile, Anthemis cotula, and wild chamomile, Matricaria recutita, both of which are strongly scented and have flowers composed of white ray florets with yellow discs; cf. .
1578 H. Lyte tr. R. Dodoens ii. xxx. 186
The second kinde is now called..in English..Dogges Camomile.
1684 R. Sibbald i. ii. 17
Chamæmelum inodorum... Mayweed, or Dogs-Camomile.
Yellow hoary Cape Camomil... Its leaves are very fine resembling Dogs Chamomil.
1829 S. Cooper
Of the bitters, one of the most elegant, as well as most effectual, is the extract of chamomile. Yet the matricaria chamomilla, or dog's chamomile, seems to rival its powers.
2001 W. T. Parsons & E. G. Cuthbertson
Anthemis cotula... Alternative names: dillweed, dog's camomile, dog-daisy.
dog's caul n.
(also †dog's call, †dog's cawl)
[apparently < the genitive of + either or ]
now rare any of several plants which are poisonous to dogs; esp. dog's mercury, Mercurialis perennis.
1578 H. Lyte tr. R. Dodoens i. liv. 77
The wilde Mercury is called..in English..Dogges Call.
1656 Earl of Monmouth tr. T. Boccalini 27
Mallows, Henbane, Dogs-caul, and other pernitious plants.
Dog's cawl... The uncreeping Apocynon shoots forth great Twigs of an ill Scent.
Mercorelia, dog's caul, an herb.
1947 O. Percival 116
Mercuralis perennis, Dog's Mercury, Dog's Cabbage, Dog's Cole, Dog's Caul.
(also dog chop, dog's chops)
now rare a short-stemmed succulent native to South Africa, Carruanthus ringens (formerly Mesembryanthemum caninum; family Aizoaceae); also called fig marigold.
(Gordon, Dermer, & Thomson, London)
Mesembryanthemum Ringens Canin: Dog's-chops.
1806 B. M'Mahon 623
Green-House Succulent and Herbaceous Perennial and Biennial Plants... Mesembryanthemum caninum. Dog's-chop. Fig-Marigold.
1947 O. Percival 75
Mesembryanthemum caninum, Dog-chop, Fig Marigold.
dog's cods n.
(also †dog cods)
[after post-classical Latin testiculus canis (see )]
rare any of various European orchids; =
1578 H. Lyte tr. R. Dodoens ii. lvi. 222
The first kinde is called..in Latine..Testiculus canis, that is to say, Dogges Cullions, or Dogges coddes.
1886 J. Britten & R. Holland 156
Dog Cods, or Cullions, various species of Orchis.—Lyte.
1994 D. Hendrick in R. Burt iii. 92
The orchis mascula..; its grosser names include the various references to testicles..(e.g.,..dog's cods, fool's cullions, and the like).
† dog's cullions n.
(also †dog cullions)
[after post-classical Latin testiculus canis (see )]
Obs. rare =
1578 H. Lyte tr. R. Dodoens ii. lvi. 222
The first kinde is called..in Latine..Testiculus canis, that is to say, Dogges Cullions, or Dogges coddes.
Standergrass, is Dogs-Cullions; see Orchis.
1886 J. Britten & R. Holland 156
Dog Cods, or Cullions, various species of Orchis.—Lyte.
† dog's leek n.
(also †dog leek)
[compare Byzantine Greek κυνόπρασον]
Obs. any of several bulb-forming plants, esp. the star of Bethlehem, Ornithogalum umbellatum, and a wild form of the leek, Allium ampeloprasum.
1548 W. Turner sig. B.vjv,
Bulbine..maye be called in englishe dogges Leike.
1611 R. Cotgrave
Porreau de chien, Dogs Leeke, wild Leeke, French Leek, Leeke of the Vine.
1772 L. de Saint Pierre ii. 130
There grows in vineyards a kind of wild Leek, called Vigne-Porette and Porreau de chien, or dog's leek.
1834 F. Adams tr. Paulus Ægineta I. lxxvi. 42
The dog-leek being wild, is drier than the common leek.
dog's mouth n. Eng. regional rare the snapdragon (genus Antirrhinum).
1824 H. Phillips II. 176
From its monopetalous corolla forming a mask, which resembles the face of an animal..it has..hence received various names, as Dog's Mouth, Lion's Snap, Toad's Mouth, and Snap-Dragon.
1926 27 Sept. 13/4
The snap-dragon, or Antirrhinum, is locally known as rabbit's mouth, bull dogs, lion's snap, toad's mouth, and dog's mouth.
1999 B. J. Ward 328
Besides snapdragon, former common rural English names include lion's snap, toad's mouth, calf's snout, and dog's mouth.
dog's onion n. now rare the plant star of Bethlehem, Ornithogalum umbellatum; cf.
1548 W. Turner sig. E.vijv,
Ornithigalon is called in Colon Hondes vllich..after the folowynge of the duche tonge it maye be called dogleke or dogges onion.
1634 P. Holland tr. Pliny
I. xxi. xvii. 99
The hearbe Ornithogale, i. Dogs onion, hath..a root halfe a foot long, the same is full of Bulbes like onions.
An Herb call'd Star of Bethlehem, or Dogs-Onion.
1947 O. Percival 80
Ornithogalum umbellatum, Eleven-o'-Clock-Lady, Jack-go-to-bed-at-noon, High Star of Bethlehem, Star of Ethiopia, Star-flower, Eye-of-Christ, Bird's-eye, Bird's-milk, Dog's Onion, Dove's-dung, Bread-of-Samaria.
† dog's rue n.
[compare French †rue de chien (1784)]
Obs. a southern European figwort, Scrophularia canina (formerly called Ruta canina).
1633 T. Johnson
ii. dxxxi. 1256
Ruta Canina. Dogs rue.
1731 P. Miller I. at Scrophularia,
Figwort, commonly called Dogs Rue.
1773 W. Hanbury II. ccxcvii. 276
Common Fig-wort, or Dog's Rue. The stalk is slender, upright, four-cornered, and about two feet high.
1822 S. Clarke II. 119
S[crophularia] Canina. Wing-leaved Fig Wort, or Dog's Rue... South of Europe.
dog standard n.
(also dog's standard, dog stander, dog standers)
now Eng. regional and rare ragwort, Senecio jacobea.
1767 J. Nelson 100,
I do not fear the Man that can kill me, any more than I do him that can cut down a Dogstander [1795 dog-standard].
1828 W. Carr
Dog-standard, Rag-wort. Senecio Jacobœa.
1840 J. C. Knowlson
If you cannot procure Barberry bark, get a handful of ragwort, commonly called dog-standers, and boil it four minutes.
1888 F. A. Lees 292
Senecio Jacobæa L. Ragwort. ‘Dogstanders’. ‘Seggrum’.
1899 F. P. Thompson in
You see them yeller flowers; them's wot we used to call dog's standards.
2005 M. Tait & O. Tayler 122
This rather unfortunate effect has helped give the plant a number of rather derogatory names in various parts of the country, including:..Stinking nanny, Stinking Willie, Dog standard, [etc.].
dog thistle n. now rare creeping thistle, Cirsium arvense.
1845 20 Dec. 864/1
Will any of your correspondents inform me the most effectual way to eradicate the Dog Thistle?
1905 H. R. Haggard Aug. 272
In one field there were a good many Dog-thistles (‘Boar-thistles’ he called them) that should be cut away.
now hist. and rare a wild rose, esp. the dog rose, Rosa canina; cf.
1694 W. Westmacott 29
There is a confusion of names in botanical authours about Brambles, Briars..Dog-thorn, &c.
1707 tr. Plutarch 160
What is the Wooden Dog among the Locrians?.. The Dog-thorn, which Locrus..was prick'd with. and sorely pain'd with it.
1846 A. Pratt vi. 129
It [sc. the wilding rose] was called dog's rose and dog's thorn, because dogs are said to eat the hips.
1952 21 62
Dog-thorn (Rosa sempervirens).
† dog-wheat n.
(also dog's wheat)
Obs. a type of couch grass, Elymus caninus; cf. .
1796 W. Withering
Triticum caninum,..Dogs Wheat. Woods and hedges.
1861 J. E. Sowerby & C. Johnson i. 164
Triticum caninum. Bearded wheat grass. Dog-wheat.
Compounds with dog's
. See also , , and , , , , , ,
dog's abuse n. orig. and chiefly Irish English harsh criticism, verbal abuse.
1892 J. Barlow vii. 175
Sullivan came along and gave him dog's abuse.
1954 24 July 7/6
Umpires, who..take on a difficult job for which there is no tangible reward for perfection, but only dogs' abuse for the slightest mistake.
2001 B. MacLaverty
It's the cursing I'm talking about. Giving everybody within earshot dog's abuse. Unadulterated effs and c's.
dog's age n. slang (orig. U.S.) a long time.
1833 ‘E. Elmwood’ xii. 110
You are the only..sensible man I have met with in a dog's age.
1919 T. K. Holmes v. 55,
I don't get a letter once in a dog's age from any of them.
1 Oct. 178
You've been acting for a dog's age. You were in a Woody Allen film when you were a kid, weren't you?
dog's bollocks n.
(also dog's ballocks)
Brit. coarse slang
(a) Typogr. a colon followed by a dash, regarded as forming a shape resembling the male sexual organs (see quot. ) (rare);
(b) (with the) the very best, the acme of excellence; cf. , .
1949 E. Partridge
Dog's ballocks, the typographical colon-dash (:—).
c1986 in P. Brewis et al.
(cassette tape sleeve notes)
They are of the opinion that, when it comes to Italian opera, Pavarotti is the dog's bollocks.
1989 C. Donald et al.
Viz: the dog's bollocks: the best of issues 26 to 31.
1995 4 Oct. 7/1
Before Tony Blair's speech, a chap near me growled: ‘'E thinks 'e's the dog's bollocks.’ Well he's entitled to. It was a commanding speech: a real dog's bollocks of an oration.
2000 Oct. 51/3
You said you quite fancied Jon Bon Jovi. Yeah, Jon Bon Jovi is the dog's bollocks.
dog's breakfast n. slang (in early use only similative) a confused mess; =
1892 Ballymena Observer in
In a lump like a dog's breakfast, said of a heterogeneous heap of things.
1907 Feb. 21/2
The passenger train which went east yesterday morning looked like a dog's breakfast. There were a few Pullmans, a diner or two,..baggage, mail cars..mixed up for half a mile.
1915 13 Feb. 2/5
They abandoned the plan, went ahead in their own way, and have gotten their side all messed up, like a dog's breakfast.
1959 29 Apr. 10/4
He can't make head or tail of it... It's a complete dog's breakfast.
2004 Oct. 102/3
The 1974 record..is either the furthest-reaching concept album ever made, or the biggest dog's breakfast in the entire history of the state of California.
dog's chance n. (usually in negative constructions) a poor chance, the least chance; cf. .
1890 17 Feb. 3/2
The people..had hounded me to the universe as a dishonest and disreputable person, without giving me so much as a dog's chance to clear myself.
1939 J. B. Priestley 50
Don't suppose I've got a dog's chance really, but I have to keep on trying.
18 July (Features section) 15
In the past, nobody who wasn't welcome in Dubrovnik would have had a dog's chance of getting into the place.
dog's dinner n. slang (chiefly Brit.)
(a) a confused or jumbled mess (cf. );
(b) dress or adornment that is over-elaborate or flashy (from ).
1902 E. F. Benson i. 4
‘Scraps only, scraps from other places. It always reminds me of a dog's dinner,’ said Lady Alston; ‘and all of us who live here are like scraps for a dog's dinner, too. Bits of things, remnants, a jumble sale.’
1957 30 Mar. 6/5
There were such serious flaws that to amend it in the usual way might turn it into a ‘statutory dog's dinner’.
1971 J. Wainwright i. 35
North End is a dog's dinner of hovels, dives and drinking dens.
1996 M. Syal
What have you done to your hair, eh? Dog's dinner or what, aaar!
1998 N. Hornby
Though he didn't mind giving Marcus the odd can of Coke, he wasn't about to embroil himself in the sorry dog's dinner that was Marcus's life.
2004 25 Aug. 75/4
Hard to muster a coherent reading of this confused dog's dinner of a movie.
dog's face n. a face like that of a dog (in early use as a term of abuse or reproach); = .
Goe with me quietly, or Ile compell thee... Compell me, ye dogges face!
1676 T. Hobbes tr. Homer i. 213
Dogs-face, and Drunkard, Coward that thou art.
Go home, you Rascal, and..let me see your Dog's Face no more.
1841 R. E. Landor v. iv. 301
Out, dog's-face! get thee gone, thou morris fool!
1956 tr. Lu Hsun I. 203
He pulled a long dog's face.
2005 W. Wall 4
He has a neat thin moustache, a big bony dog's face.
† dog's game n. Obs. rare the amusement or game of a dog or dogs.
1610 P. Holland tr. W. Camden i. 259
The Conqueror tooke away land both from God and men, to dedicate the same unto wild beasts and Dogs-game [L. canum lusibus].
† dog's hunger n. Obs. = ; also fig.; cf. .
1592 Countess of Pembroke tr. P. de Mornay sig. B,
It is a dropsie (and as they tearme it) the dogs hunger: sooner may hee burst then be satisfied.
1631 S. Jerome viii. 58
The disease cald the Dogs hunger, alway eating but never satisfied.
1755 T. Smollett tr. Cervantes II. ii. iii. 123
She is gnawed by a dog's hunger that is never satisfied.
1800 S. T. Coleridge tr. Schiller i. ii. 10
And those state-parasites, who have their feet So constantly beneath the Emperor's table, Who cannot let a benefice fall, but they Snap at it with dog's hunger.
dog's lug n. Naut. now hist. = .
1882 G. S. Nares
Pass in the leech from the yard-arms and dog's-lug.
1984 J. Harland ix. 152/3
The dog's lug was laid along the yard, and the sail reefed as with the topsail.
dog's show n. chiefly Austral. and N.Z. =
1898 E. Dyson 179,
I don't think you've got a dog's show.
1957 I. Cross
I had to admire Bloody Jack for sitting on there even though he didn't have a dog's show of getting any fish.
29 June 6
Merino farming doesn't have a dog's show to compete with real estate.
1560 T. Churchyard Pref. sig. ☩. ii/2,
Some do immagyne Dauid Dicar to lye In doges sleape this Dremynge, eche man for to trye.
1682 tr. J. Goedaert 91
They are very fearfull, and rowl themselves up when touched, sleeping Doggs-sleep.
1711 J. Addison Spectator No. 184 in
A drowsy husband who..is represented to have slept what the common people call a dog's sleep; or if his sleep was real, his wife was awake.
?1750 i. iii. 16
Sleeping dog's sleep, he observed him constantly to go to her.
1896 Apr. 295/2,
I had had no sleep for two nights on board the steamer—only a dog's sleep.
1834 E. Bulwer-Lytton I. i. vii. 128,
I may well have the dog's letter in my mouth, since, whenever I play with you, I have the dog's throw in my hand.
1912 E. H. du Bois 83
The highest throw was three sixes, called the ‘Venus-throw’, and the lowest, three aces, the ‘Dog's throw’.
2006 D. G. Schwartz ii. 24
The worst possible throw, four ones, was known as ‘the dog's throw,’ and the best, known as the ‘Venus throw,’ had each astragalus showing a different value.
dog's trick n. now rare =
1742 J. Ayres iii. i. 31
Why looke there! I thought you wou'd contrive some Dog's Trick to plague me.
1775 L. Sterne 14 June
Let your portmanteau be tied at the forepart of your chaise for fear of a dog's trick.
1820 Scott II. 102
Many a dog's trick have I played old Lilias for want of something better to do.
1939 6 Nov. 4
If they [sc. the Nazis] did not have in the back of their minds the possibility of playing some dog's trick on France they would scarcely be taking so much pains to announce their sorrow over having to fight that country.
dog's work n. = .In quot. prob. not as a fixed collocation.
1847 G. Lippard I. 140
‘D'ye edit your paper, by yourself?’ ‘Bless you, no!..Whenever I find an author in extreme distress—rather out of pocket, you know?—I take him into my office; give him a dog's salary, and make him do a dog's work.’
1851 Apr. 371/2
Am I to wear out all the poor remainder of my days in this dog's-work?
1912 E. F. Murphy xxii. 240,
I like this better than copying, for copying is dog's work.
2005 D. M. Oshinsky ix. 152
Doing the dog's work that his betters refused to do.
1993 29 Mar. a13/1
Just ask that bloke over there. He's been driving for dog's years.
2000 A. Flottmann-Nilsson in B. Stanford-Smith & P. T. Kidd 289
An Internet year is like a dog's year—seven times quicker!
2009 D. Calame ii. 39
Dinner lasted a dog's year.
|d||d||as in dig|
|ɒ||o||as in pot, option|
|g||g||as in dog|
|d||d||as in dig|
|ɔ||o||as in French homme|
|g||g||as in dog|
|d||d||as in dig|
|ɑ||a||as in lot, palm, start (in US English)|
|g||g||as in dog|
|d||d||as in dig|
|ʊ||uh||as in put, wood|
|g||g||as in dog|
|d||d||as in dig|
|ʌ||u||as in butter, upset|
|g||g||as in dog|
|ʌ||u||as in butter, upset|
|ʊ||uh||as in put, wood|
|ʌ||u||as in butter, upset|
|ʊ||uh||as in put, wood|
|ʌ||u||as in butter, upset|
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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, November 2010).
In this entry:
- Atlantic dogwinkle
- be (a) dog at, to
- be (an) old dog at, to
- die a dog's death, to
- die like (also †as) a dog, to
- dog and bone
- dog appetite
- dog asleep
- dog basket
- dog bat
- dog bite
- dog bran
- dog breath
- dog breed
- dog breeder
- dog breeding
- dog cake
- dog catcher
- dog chain
- dog clutch
- dog cockle
- dog couple
- dog crap
- dog daisy
- dog dance
- dog dirt
- dog disease
- dog do
- dog doctor
- dog does not eat dog
- dog driver
- dog driving
- dog eloquence
- dog family
- dog fancier
- dog fancying
- dog fashion
- dog feast
- dog flea
- dog flesh
- dog food
- dog for (also to) the bow, a
- dog fouling
- dog grate
- dog hair
- dog handler
- dog handling
- dog horse
- dog hospital
- dog hound
- dog hunger
- dog ill
- dog in a (or the) blanket
- dog iron
- dog keeping
- dog lead
- dog leader
- dog leash
- dog licence
- dog lichen
- dog life
- dog line
- dog lock
- dog louse
- dog lover
- dog madness
- dog mess
- dog muck
- dog musher
- dog mushing
- dog muzzle
- dog-nose vice
- dog of game
- dog otter
- dog owner
- dog pack
- dog paddle
- dog park
- dog parsley
- dog pelter
- dog poison
- dog poo
- dog poop
- dog pound
- dog power
- dog race
- dog racer
- dog racing
- dog rhetoric
- dog's abuse
- dog's age
- dog salmon
- dog's apple
- dogs bark but the caravan moves on, the
- dog's bollocks
- dog's breakfast
- dog's cabbage
- dog's camomile
- dog's caul
- dog's chance
- dog's cods
- dog screw
- dog's cullions
- dog's dinner
- dog seal
- dog seller
- dog's face
- dog's game
- dog's guts
- dog show
- dog's hunger
- dog sitter
- dog skinner
- dog sled
- dog sledge
- dog's leek
- dog's logic
- dog's lug
- dog's mouth
- dog snapper
- dog soap
- dogs of war, the
- dog's onion
- dog spasm
- dog's rue
- dog's show
- dog's sleep
- dog standard
- dog stealer
- dog stealing
- dog's throw
- dog's trick
- dog style
- dog's work
- dog's year
- dog tag
- dog tax
- dog team
- dog tent
- dog thistle
- dog tick
- dog track
- dog trainer
- dog training
- dog trial
- dog tribe
- dog truck
- dog tucker
- dog turd
- dog walker
- dog walking
- dog warden
- dog washing
- dog work
- dog year
- fight dog, fight bear
- give a dog a bad name
- give a dog a bad (or †ill) name and hang him
- go to the dogs, to
- go to the dogs, to
- hair of the dog, a
- hair of the dog that bit you, a
- help a (lame) dog over a stile, to
- keep a dog and bark oneself, to
- lead a dog's life, to
- lead (a person) a dog's life, to
- (let) dog eat dog
- let sleeping dogs (or a sleeping dog) lie, to
- let the dog see the rabbit, to
- like a (or the) dog's dinner
- like (or proud as) a dog with two tails
- not fit for a dog
- not to have a word to throw at a dog
- not to wish (something) on a dog
- pair of dog couples
- pair of dog irons
- put on (the) dog, to
- see a man about a dog, to
- send (or throw, †cast, etc.) to the dogs, to
- take (a) dog's leave, to
- turn (also play) dog, to
- wake a sleeping dog, to
- what dog is a hanging?
- whose dog is a-hanging
- whose dog is dead?
- work like a dog, to
- you can't (also it is hard to) teach an old dog new tricks
In other dictionaries:
- My entries(1)
- doe, n.c1000
- dœgling, n.1866
- doek, n.1798
- doer, n.1382
- doeskin, n.1457
- doff, n.1606
- doff, v.a1375
- doffer, n.1825
- doffing, n.1606
- dog, n.1OE
- dog, n.2?1550
- dog, v.11519
- dog, v.21835
- dogal, adj.1792
- dogan, n.1847
- dogana, n.1605
- dog-and-pony, adj. a...1879
- dog-and-pony show, n.1885
- dogaressa, n.1821
- dogate, n.1693
- dogbane, n.1597
- dog-bee, n.1530
- dogberry, n.11527
- Dogberry, n.21801
- dog biscuit, n.1823
- dog bolt, n. and adj.1465
- dog box, n.1800
- dog boy, n.1612
- dog bramble, n.1567
- dog-briar, n.1530
- dog cart, n.1668
- dog cheap, adj. and ...1526
- dog collar, n. and adj.1485
- dog day, n.1538
- dogdayed, adj.1934
- dogdom, n.1854
- dogdrave, n.1227
- dog-draw, n.1598
- doge, n.1549
- dog-ear, n.1871