α. 15 kricket, 16 crickett, 16 kricet, 16 krickett, 16– cricket.
β. 15 creckett, 16 crekitt. (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):
Origin: Perhaps formed within English, by conversion. Etymon:
Etymology uncertain. The parallel of
suggests that the word may show an extended use of (which has forms corresponding to both
and ), on the supposition that the object to be defended either was or resembled a small stool.
suggests currency in English in the mid 16th cent., but this is far from certain.
In quot. Tut-staues or Kricket-staues
renders Middle Low German Kolven
, plural of Kolve
bat used in a ball game.
The Middle French form *criquet
included in a number of dictionaries of French and interpreted as denoting a piece of wood serving as a target in a game of boules almost certainly results from a misreading of etiquet
in this meaning (see palaeographical discussion of the single supposed example and reproduction of the relevant document in Jrnl. Soc. Archivists 4
) 579–80). Middle French criquet
piece of wood (1550), recorded in Französisches etymologisches wörterbuch
, is probably unrelated.
The word cannot be, as often suggested, a derivative of Old English crycc
‘crutch, staff, crozier’ , because the cc
in this word was palatal, hence giving modern English /tʃ/
For an argument that the first element of the word shows a Middle Dutch regional (Flemish) form krik
(Middle Dutch crucke
; < the same base as ) see H. Gillmeister ‘The Flemish Ancestry of Early English Ball Games’ in N. Müller and J. K. Rühl Sport History
(Olympic Scientific Congress) (1985
) 54–74. Gillmeister argues that (unrecorded) use of the Middle Dutch word to denote a game arose as a calque on Middle French crosse
(see ) denoting a game (compare , although it appears that in Middle French the word denotes the implement as used in a game but not the game itself; compare quot. ); he further argues that the English word arose from an (unattested) Middle Dutch regional (Flemish) *krik ketsen
(in which the second word is Middle Dutch ketsen
to hunt, chase < a variant of Middle French chasser
). However, it should be noted that there is no documentary support for the intermediate steps assumed in this explanation.
The character of the game denoted by the word has changed enormously over the centuries. For important developments in various of the terms associated with the game see , , ,
The early collocation of the word forms cricket
is probably coincidental: see discussion at that entry. The same probably applies to the following passage, which apparently shows an example of
(it occurs in an extended passage of invective where e.g. ‘eater of frogges’, ‘As hinde as an hogge, And kinde as any dogge’ also occur):
a1550 Image Ipocrisie ii, in J. Skelton Poet. Wks.
O lorde of ipocrites, Nowe shut vpp your wickettes, And clape to your clickettes, A farewell, kinge of crekettes!
b. In plural. Eng. regional (orig. Kent). Now rare.
1672 G. Swinnock xviii. 40
Maidstone was formerly a very prophane Town, insomuch that I have seen Morrice dancing, Cudgel playing, Stool-ball, Crickets, and many other sports openly and publickly on the Lords Day.
1695 W. Kennett sig. Mmmmm/2 (Gloss.)
The wicket or cross stick to be thrown down by the ball at the game call'd Crickets.
1855 G. Brown iv. 53
The men were just going out to have a Christmas game at crickets.
1863 30 Aug. Suppl. 2/1
There wos lots of larks besides crickets, includen theatrickles, wich drew a big house.
1896 F. M. T. Palsgrave 12
Crickets. The game of cricket is always spoken of in this plural form.
c. As the second element in the names of versions of the game (some more or less informal), as dab, deck-, fantasy, French, snob-cricket, etc.
b. Chiefly colloq. Cricket played in the correct manner or proper spirit; (hence more generally) honourable dealings between opponents or rivals in any sphere; fair play. Chiefly in negative contexts, denoting something contrary to traditional standards of fairness or rectitude, esp. in not cricket. Cf. .
[1823 A. Moysey II. vi. 125
It was all a trick, he settled, just as he dropped asleep—not the real, old, legitimate system of play—not cricket, properly so called; but all a deception.]
1851 J. Pycroft xi. 210
We will not say that any thing that hardest of hitters..does is not cricket, but certainly it's anything but play.
1867 J. Lillywhite 13
Do not ask the umpire unless you think the batsman is out; it is not cricket to keep asking the umpire questions.
1900 5 June 2/2
We should be very much surprised if the Duke really thought that to dissolve would be ‘cricket’.
1900 31 July 1/3
We believe that the feeling is very widespread that it would not be ‘cricket’ to get back to power again as the result of an appeal to the country.
1930 ‘S. S. Van Dine’ 20
It didn't seem cricket to leave the poor devil there.
1955 21 July 5/7
When one was called to the Bar one was a public menace but one learnt what was and was not cricket during the period of pupilage.
1996 J. T. Hospital
We don't talk about stuff like that, he says. It's not cricket.
1658 E. Phillips 50
Would my eyes had been beat out of my head with a cricket-ball.
1750 C. Talbot No. 30. 164
Sometimes an unlucky boy will drive his cricket-ball full in my face.
2007 July 23/1
Depending on who you listen to, there are as many as three different ways to make a cricket ball swing—conventional, reverse, contrast swing.
1731 29 June
Eleven Gentlemen of Kent, belonging to Esquire Steed's Cricket-Club.
1887 F. Gale 153
Cricket clubs are very much larger affairs than they used to be.
1997 P. Carey
He was twice president of the shire and was still the president of the Cricket Club.
1905 24 Sept. 41/7
Cricket fans are looking forward to this contest with considerable interest.
1977 C. Storr xi. 118
I'll be back to take her off to the Oval... She's a cricket fan.
2004 11 June 52
Pakistan Vs India is a must own DVD for all cricket fans worldwide.
1745 29 Apr.
On Wednesday next the Cricket Ground will be open'd.
1825 in W. Hone
I was stunned with shouts..from the cricket ground.
2004 A. Buzo xiii. 146
He went on to a comfortable career selling advertising space in cricket grounds..when all the pointers suggested an embittered life away from sport.
1677 in T. Barrett-Lennard
The crekitt match at ye Dicker.
In as great Esteem in London, as Cricket Matches are at this Day.
1797 15 July
Swaffham Assembly will be on Wednesday, July 19th, 1797 (being Cricket Match Week).
1955 9 May 15/1
One travels not only to see a cricket match as such.
2002 H. Kunzru
A crowd at a cricket match poured on to the pitch, ripping up the matting wicket and waving stolen stumps in the air.
1691 J. Dunton II. viii. 87
Rost-beef, Minc'd-pies, Gammon of Bacon, Bottl'd-ale, Football, and Cricket-play.
1748 I. Cousteil 213
Cricket-play, or the Bat.
1853 1 Nov. 5/6
Much beautiful and scientific cricket play was shown.
1868 Aug. 553
A ‘duck’,—as by a pardonable contraction from duck-egg, a nought is called in cricket-play.
2007 J. Chetwynd & B. A. Belton 247/2
Australian cricketers were known for integrating baseball techniques into their cricket play.
He stated as his reason that the cricket season was approaching.
1900 17 Sept. 4/7
The first-class cricket season of 1900 came to an end at Lord's on Saturday.
1996 T. N. Murari 63
It wasn't the cricket season but he wished it was.
1835 22 Jan.
The defendant had a cricket stump in his hand.
1903 Mar. 195/1
The Committee of the Marylebone Club propose to submit the widening of cricket stumps by one inch.
2010 F. Pyke & K. Davis iii. 52
He has..tried the Bradman technique of hitting a ball with a cricket stump.
1866 30 Aug.
The celebrated I Zingari cricket team have opened their annual campaign in Dublin.
1908 J. Flood 109
The first season the native cricket team went from home to try their prowess against the outside world they were an object of deep interest.
2005 S. Elmes viii. 191
The local cricket team he loved and nurtured.
1853 18 Sept. 6/2
The members of the Harrow Club started upon a cricket tour.
1917 F. Lenwood iv. 66
The system is altogether like a cricket tour of the Australians in England.
2008 8 Dec. 54/1
It's not merely a cricket tour being called off.
1866 21 Apr. 8/1
Mr. C. K. Pullin, the well-known cricket umpire,..was injured in the back and face.
1903 C. P. Trevor xiii. 117
As in the case of cricket umpires, the public soon learn who are the men who..have a right to be regarded as standing at the top of the tree.
2001 B. Broady 12
The farmer, looking up, scissored his dangling arms across his thighs, like a cricket umpire signalling dead ball.
1855 31 Mar. 6/6
A feature of unusual novelty..will this season be introduced to the cricket lovers.
1906 Aug. 183/2
To cricket-lovers the plight of the corpulent batsman shown in the next post-card explains itself.
2005 28 Sept. 10/5
Cricket lovers can be anything—Marxist, Trot, Old Labour, even (like my grandfather) Scottish Nationalist.
1828 10 May
I have much pleasure in informing him and all your cricket-loving readers that this health-promoting game is not quite so great a novelty on this side of the Tweed as he imagines.
1908 20 Oct. 11/2
The Jam Sahib of Nawanagar, who, however his name may be printed on the match-cards, will always be known to the cricket-loving public.
2002 R. Mistry
Bookies and bribes and match-fixers who break the cricket-loving hearts of us subcontinentals.
Cricket players on ye Lord's Day.
1752 S. Jenyns ii. i. 95
Hence all her [sc. England's] well-bred heirs Gamesters, and jockeys turn'd, and cricket-play'rs.
1851 J. Pycroft xi. 214
Pugilists have rarely been cricket players.
1995 M. A. Malec iv. 91
Many of the better cricket players were not members of elite clubs.
cricket-playing n. and adj.
1700 30 Mar. (single sheet)
Gentlemen, or others, who delight in Cricket-playing.
1837 June 117
All my recreations, up to a good Latin-learning, cricket-playing age, were of the silent, sedentary, sentimental kind.
1993 3 Apr. 13/2
Zimbabwe..had their test cricket baptism against India at Harare in October following their inclusion into the elite cricket playing nations by the International Cricket Council.
2006 N. Barnes i. 28
Caribbean cricket playing emerges as a fitting metaphor for the history and future development of a regional consciousness.
cricket society n.
(a) an official association of cricketers or cricket supporters;
(b) the social group involved in or associated with cricket (esp. in a particular place).
1769 28 June 2/4
The Gentlemen of the late Knightsbridge Cricket Society.
1871 9 Sept. 645/1
Let us strive to attain that position in cricket society which should be ours.
1895 10 Sept. 4/1
It might have been wished by the more strictly earnest element of English cricket society that the match..had been less delayed.
1995 M. St. Pierre in H. McD. Beckles & B. Stoddart vi. 112
These West Indians were denied entrance into the top echelons of West Indian cricket society.
14 June (Weekend section) 12
The Tasmanian chapter of the Australian Cricket Society.
cricket spike n. (usually in plural) each of a number of sharp-pointed metal studs on the sole of a cricket shoe or boot; (hence, in plural) a pair of cricket shoes or boots.
1845 13 Sept. 328/2
Bendigo's shoes and his foot were damaged by Caunt's cricket spikes in his soles.
1886 29 May 4/1
R. G. Barlow's patent durable cricket spike.
The little Aussie bleeder, who had never worn cricket spikes.
1996 Z. Z. Cheema 111
Asif Iqbal..decided to hang up his cricket spikes.
1891 24 July 3/3
There will be nine [tennis] courts, eight of which will be in the cricket square.
1950 F. J. Reed xvii. 174
On established cricket squares mowing should commence as early as possible.
1992 Winter 72/1
He sprinted round and round the cricket square, sweating buckets as he went.
† cricket-staff n. Obsolete (hist. in later use) a wooden staff or club with a crook at the end like a hockey stick, used by the batsman to strike the ball; cf. .
1611 R. Cotgrave
Crosse,..also, a Cricket-staffe; or, the crooked staffe wherewith boyes play at Cricket.
1894 A. B. Gomme I. 82
Cricket... Wedgwood (Etym. Dict.) suggests that the proper name for the bat was ‘cricket-staff’, A.-S. criec, a staff.
cricket week n. a week-long festival in which a number of cricket matches are played at a single location.
1842 24 Apr. 10/4
The following arrangements have been made for the cricket week, in August next.
1916 E. F. Benson xiii. 256
There's a cricket week at Baxminster, and they've asked me to play in two matches.
2002 D. MacPherson viii. 87
As the popularity of cricket week grew, three other grounds were involved.
cricket whites n. an outfit worn to play cricket, typically consisting of white shirt, trousers, and sweater; cf. .
1956 31 Jan. 12/5
Boys..had changed into cricket whites for yesterday's ‘open day’.
2004 A. Buzo vi. 69
A farmer who could breeze into town on a Saturday, change out of his muddy boots and into cricket whites, knock up a century in an hour and then take plenty of wickets.
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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, November 2010).
In this entry:
In other dictionaries:
- My entries(1)
- crick, n.31608
- crick, n.41616
- crick, v.11601
- crick, v.21850
- crick-crack, n., int...1600
- crick-crack, v.1850
- crick-crackle, v.1608
- cricket, n.1a1325
- cricket, n.21559
- cricket, n.3?1575
- cricket, v.c1809
- cricketana, n.1862
- cricket-a-wicket, adv.1598
- cricket bat, n.1622
- cricketer, n.?1742
- cricketess, n.1886
- cricketing, n.1668
- cricketing, adj.1784
- cricketress, n.1888
- cricket test, n.1907
- crickety, adj.11692
- crickety, adj.21835
- crickle, n.11680
- crickle, n.21914
- crickle, v.1849
- crickle-crackle, n.1637
- crickling, n.11584
- crickling, n.2a1644
- crickling, adj.1873
- crico-, comb. form1810
- cricoarytenoid, adj....1754
- cricoid, n. and adj.1615
- cricoidal, adj.1698
- cricoidean, adj.1855
- cricondenbar, n.1944
- cricondentherm, n.1936
- cricothyroid, adj. a...1740
- cri de cœur, n.1897
- cri du chat syndrome...1964
- cried, adj.1499