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caddis | caddice, n.1

Brit. /ˈkadɪs/
U.S. /ˈkædəs/
Forms:  ME–18 cadas, ME cadace, 15 cadys, cadyas, cades, caddes, caddiz, caddesse, 15–16 caddys, 15–17 caddas, 15–18 caddis, caddice, 16 cadice, (17 cadduce), 17–18 cadis.(Show Less)
Frequency (in current use): 
Etymology: Here two words are apparently mixed up: 1 (sense 1), properly cadas, cadace, Old French cadaz, cadas, compare Cotgrave cadarce ‘the tow or coarsest part of silke, whereof sleaue is made’; compare Irish cadas = cadan cotton; 2 French cadis (15th cent. in Littré) ‘sorte de serge de laine, de bas pris’. Of both, the ulterior history is unknown.

1. Cotton wool, floss silk, or the like, used in padding: Scottish writers of the 18th cent. applied the name to ‘lint’ used in surgery. Obsolete.

[c1220   Hue de Tabarie MS. Heber No. 8336 in Promptorium Parvulorum 57   Pur cadaz e cotoun de saunk fu le encusture.]
a1400   Cov. Myst. 241   Cadace wolle or flokkys..To stuffe withal thi dobbelet.
1440   Promptorium Parvulorum 57/2   Cadas, bombicinium.
1458   Will of John Gist (P.R.O.: PROB. 11/4) f. 96v   Vnum Jakke stuffed cum Cadace.
1463   in Rot. Parl. in Promptorium Parvulorum 57   No..bolstors, nor stuffe of woole, coton or cadas, nor other stuffer in his doublet.
1738   Med. Ess, & Observ. (ed. 2) IV. 334   Soft half-worn Linen, which the French call Charpie, the English, Lint, and we Caddiss.
1769   W. Buchan Domest. Med. ii. 598   With soft lint, commonly called caddis.

a1400—1769(Hide quotations)


 a. Worsted yarn, crewel. Obsolete.

1530   J. Palsgrave Lesclarcissement 202/1   Caddas or crule, sayette.
1548   W. Patten Exped. Scotl. sig. C.viijv   Hemmed round about..with pasmain lace of grene caddis.
1721   C. King Brit. Merchant I. 286   Tapestry with Caddas.

1530—1721(Hide quotations)


b. Hence attributive as a material. Obsolete.

1558   Bk. Rates in Patent Roll, 4 & 5 Philip & Mary, Part 3 (P.R.O.: C 66/920) m. 14v   Cruell or caddas ribande.
?1578   W. Patten Let. Entertainm. Killingwoorth 47   Seemly begyrt in a red caddis gyrdl.
1598   Shakespeare Henry IV, Pt. 1 ii. v. 69   Wilt thou rob this leathern Ierkin..puke stocking, Caddice garter.
1675   Bk. of Rates 293   Caddas or cruel ribbon.

1558—1675(Hide quotations)


c. Short for caddis ribbon: A worsted tape or binding, used for garters, etc. Obsolete.

1580   J. Lyly Euphues (new ed.) To Rdrs. sig. ¶iv   The country dame girdeth hir selfe as straight in the wast with a course caddis, as the Madame of the court with a silke riband.
1584   B. R. tr. Herodotus Famous Hyst. ii. f. 79   Stitching to the inside of their vesture a tape or caddesse to gird their apparell.
a1616   Shakespeare Winter's Tale (1623) iv. iv. 208   Hee hath Ribbons..Points..Inckles, Caddysses.
a1644   F. Quarles Shepheards Oracles (1646) viii   Surely I was..constrained to sell Cadice and inkle.
1691   London Gaz. No. 2698/4   A..blue Saddle-Cloth bound with Green and White Caddis.
1742   J. T. Desaguliers in Philos. Trans. 1739–40 (Royal Soc.) 41 190   Cadis, or a kind of Worsted Tape.
1751   S. Whatley England's Gazetteer at Sturbridge, (Camb.)   All sorts of tapes, cadduces, and the like wares, from Manchester.
[1822–76   R. Nares Gloss.   Caddis, a kind of ferret or worsted lace.]

1580—1751(Hide quotations)


 a. A kind of stuff; perhaps of worsted (or ? silk).

1536   Inv. Kilburn Nunnery Middlesex in Monast. Anglicanum III. 424/1   One Carpet of Cadys for the table xij d.
1552   in W. Money Parish Church Goods in Berkshire (1879) 28   Ane other vestyment of grene caddes, a vestyment of Redd caddis.
1552   in Surrey Archæol. Coll. (1869) 4 54   Item a cope of blew cades.
1552–3   Inventory Church Goods in Ann. Diocese Lichfield (1863) IV. 48   One vestement of cadyas, iiij albes.
[1876   D. Rock Textile Fabrics (new ed.) iv. 31.   ]

1536—1552–3(Hide quotations)


 b. A coarse cheap serge.  [Modern French cadis.] (The first quot. is of doubtful meaning.) Cf. caddow n.2

1578   J. Lyly Euphues f. 23v   In stead of silkes I will weare sackecloth, for Owches and Bracelettes, Leere and Caddys.
1714   tr. French Bk. of Rates 38   Cadis-Stuff per 100 Weight.
1755   Johnson Dict. Eng. Lang.   Caddis..this word is used in Erse for the variegated cloaths of the Highlanders.
1862   F. C. L. Wraxall tr. V. Hugo Les Misérables (1877) i. iv. 20   Who had acquired £80000 by manufacturing coarse clothes, serges, and caddis.
1887   J. H. Nodal in Let.   ‘Caddies is still used in Bolton for a special make of sheets and quilts.’ [Cf. c1860 at caddow n.2]

1578—1887(Hide quotations)


This entry has not yet been fully updated (first published 1888).

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