Also 15 -yte
, 16 -it
< French satellite (14th cent. in Littré), < Latin satellit-em (nominative satelles ) attendant or guard. Compare
1771 T. Smollett I. 205
He too, like a portentous comet, has risen again above the court-horizon... Who are those two satellites that attend his motions?
1845 C. Darwin
The archipelago is a little world within itself, or rather a satellite attached to America.
1887 Olivia M. Stone
Tenerife and its six satellites.
1891 E. A. Freeman 126
At Poitiers the interest of the cathedral church is far smaller than that of its satellite the baptistery.
c. A man-made object placed (or designed to be placed) in orbit around an astronomical body (usu. the earth).
[1880 W. H. G. Kingston tr. J. Verne xiii. 180
A projectile, animated with an initial speed twenty times superior to the actual speed, being ten thousand yards to the second, can never fail! This movement, combined with terrestrial attraction, destines it to revolve perpetually round our globe... Two hundred thousand dollars is not too much to have paid for the pleasure of having endowed the planetary world with a new star, and the earth with a second satellite.]
1936 Sept. 299/2
The scheme for building a metal outpost satellite and propelling it in a fixed orbit 600 miles above the earth's surface.
1945 A. C. Clarke in Oct. 305/2
This ‘orbital’ velocity is 8 km per sec. (5 miles per sec), and a rocket which attained it would become an artificial satellite, circling the world for ever with no expenditure of power.
1955 30 July 6/1
The satellite is expected to be about the size of a basketball, and will be shot into the upper atmosphere by a rocket, where it will circle the earth at an altitude of between 200 and 300 miles at a speed of about 18,000 miles an hour.
1956 1 6/2
After the Earth satellite stage, the next target will almost certainly be the Moon.
1957 1 49/1
Each satellite will be launched into its orbit by being ejected from the third stage of a multiple stage rocket.
1957 7 Oct. 8/1
The Russian satellite soaring over the United States seven times a day has made an enormous impression on American minds.
1961 20 Jan. 80/2
The proposals for communications satellites for relaying telephone conversations (and television) around the world.
Among other notable American achievements in space during the year was the launching of a communications satellite.
1972 7 49
An experiment..was conducted during the fall of 1971 at Stanford, where users were able to communicate with a computer by using NASA's ATS-1 experimental satellite.
1977 16 Dec. 16/1
Killer satellites are small space~craft. They carry an explosive charge which destroys itself and any nearby satellite on detonation.
The name of:
1832 J. Rennie 62
The Satellite (Glæa Satellitia, Stephens) appears in September.
1861 J. Gould III. Pl. 142
Calothorax Calliope. Mexican Satellite.
1882 VI. 65
One of the largest species is the Satellite (Scopelosoma satellitia), which sometimes expands nearly two inches.
b. A community or town that is economically or otherwise dependent on a nearby larger town or city.
1912 G. R. Taylor in 5 Oct. 14/2
In some sections of the South scarcely a city of any size lacks one or more satellites thrumming with spindle and shuttle.
1935 77 188
19th Century. Came the railways and with them the first general exodus, suburbs and satellites springing up round the railway stations.
1947 22 May 1/1
We are apt to be too much concerned with the new satellites and ‘overspills’. We should first reconstruct the other cities.
1958 30 June 6/2
And if Manchester itself is some way from Tatton, Manchester's proposed satellite at Lymm is much nearer.
1977 27 Apr. 8/2
No. 50(B) Squadron was then based at Skellingthorpe, west of Lincoln (a satellite of Swinderby).
(In sense .)
satellite communication n.
(also satellite communications)
1959 J. H. Straubel et al. 243 (Index),
1960 XIV. 32/1
A means of communication is needed that will immediately provide several hundred channels linking key cities throughout the world. This requirement will be filled by a satellite communication system.
1961 Feb. 26/3
Last autumn a team of British experts visited the United States to discuss with their opposite numbers the feasibility of establishing a satellite communications system.
1964 1 Aug. 481/2
Complex legal controversies arising from satellite communications systems.
1977 2 Oct. 15/2
A new weapon that could destroy Soviet satellites in space... Vought is expected to have a battle version of the satellite killer ready to test in space in about two years.
1977 17 Oct. 32/1
The U.S. will now emphasize efforts to design an American satellite killer to defend against the Soviet version.
1967 5 145
In February 1965 Atlantis II returned to the area to carry out a hydrographic and coring survey of this area using a satellite navigation system and ship-board computer for the location of this small area.
(Shell Briefing Service)
With satellite navigation, however, the rig can fix its own position by computer, processing signals received from orbiting satellites.
1953 J. N. Leonard 159
They suspect that the human intellect is approaching a boundary of mystery which its present tools cannot penetrate. Some of them feel that the satellite observatory may be the necessary tool.
1959 13 May 1
Britain has decided to take the essential steps to enable scientists here to participate in a satellite programme.
1958 A. Budrys in Aldiss & Harrison
I'm assigned to the satellite-tracking station.
1969 20 Feb. 233/2
Satellite tracking is not as easy as it appears.
(In sense .)
1946 13 July 39/2
The Manchester request for compulsory powers to buy land for the creation of satellite communities.
1970 R. Stavenhagen in I. L. Horowitz vii. 254
Not only in the city but also in the ‘satellite communities’ is commerce usually in Ladino hands.
1956 7 Feb. 8/5
Dropping leaflets over the satellite countries..was begun by Radio Free Europe in April, 1954.
1969 A. G. Frank
Relations between the satellite underdeveloped and the now developed metropolitan countries.
1976 B. Freemantle iv. 43
The Americans actually believe we [sc. the Russians] are going to withdraw all our troops from the satellite countries.
1949 A. Koestler i. xii. 133
Experts of the Foreign Office..tried to set up a puppet Jewish Agency as a kind of satellite Government.
1916 C. M. Meredith tr. F. Naumann vi. 180
What is meant by a satellite nation..? We might also say a planet State. Such States have their own life.
1956 E. E. Cummings 26 Nov.
Urging (via night & day broadcasts) the socalled satellite nations to revolt from colossal Russia.
1916 C. M. Meredith tr. F. Naumann vi. 181
Round about the satellite States there still exists a certain mass of unorganised national material.
Their [sc. Pan-Germans'] plan was that Germany..should carve out in the Danube basin several satellite states.
1950 17 July 11/2
Fortifications toughening the ragged western borders of central Europe's satellite states.
1976 Summer–Autumn 41
Here was the authentic voice of the unconscious Western desire to believe that the satellite states of the Soviet Union were free.
1925 C. B. Purdom
The building of satellite towns.
1929 17 July 17/6
Since neither complete decentralization nor the proposal to ‘departmentalize’ the government of Greater Paris is found to give general satisfaction, the system of ‘satellite towns’ has been suggested as a way out.
1933 74 166/2
The proposed formation of a ring of satellite towns around the immediate radius of London.
1946 F. J. Osborn I. 182
Satellite Town. This term was first used in Great Britain in 1919 as an alternative description of Welwyn Garden City... Some planning writers have thoughtlessly renewed the old confusion by using the term Satellite Town to describe an Industrial Garden Suburb. It is better reserved for a Garden City or country town, at a moderate distance from a large city, but physically separated from that city by a Country Belt.
1955 Jan. 40/3
As population continues to move from cities out to ever more distant suburbs and satellite towns [etc.].
1971 27 Mar. 3/7
A giant new satellite township near Pretoria..will provide housing..for about 200 000 White people.
satellite broadcasting n. broadcasting in which the signal is transmitted via an artificial satellite; spec. = .
1964 M. McLuhan xxv. 252
[Man's] central nervous system..is now approaching an extension of consciousness with satellite broadcasting.
1984 8 Mar. 2/1
Barry Fox tries to make sense of the current debate about satellite broadcasting.
1987 22 Feb. 23/7
Cotton spent the next two years working on the BBC's plans, now effectively shelved, for satellite broadcasting.
satellite photo n.
(also satellite photograph)
a photograph taken from an artificial satellite.
1963 Van Dijk & Rutherford in Wexler & Caskey 305
Satellite photographs were obtained of a cut-off low over southeast Australia.
1976 H. Kemelman xii. 61
The noon broadcast had been almost entirely devoted to..Hurricane Betsy. There were..satellite photos of the eastern coast.
1977 A. Hallam 43
A satellite photograph of the Andes.
1971 P. O'Donnell v. 107
I'll have it checked by our own Map Section... There's something there which is detectable by satellite photography.
satellite picture n. a satellite photograph.
1963 Van Dijk & Rutherford in Wexler & Caskey 305
Facility in interpretation of meteorological satellite pictures can best be achieved by exercises in which clouds of known type and distribution are charted and compared with pictures of the same cloud taken by satellite camera.
1977 L. P. White vii. 73
Early examination of coverage of this kind did, however, serve to indicate the possibility of using automatic satellite pictures for purposes other than meteorology and oceanology.
satellite station n.
(a) an artificial satellite; spec. (see quot. );
(b) a secondary radio station which receives and retransmits programmes, so as to improve local reception.
1945 Oct. 306
Three satellite stations would ensure complete [radio] coverage of the globe.
1950 W. Proell 174
Satellite station, synonym for space station... Space station, a habitable vehicle placed in a satellite orbit around a planetary body, for use in refueling of space ships, communications relaying, or military use.
1954 E. Pangborn
i. i. 21,
I understand men will have their first satellite station in a very short time, four or five years.
1959 30 Oct. 631/4
The cost of building a moon rocket at a satellite station, including the fuel of the rockets carrying the materials, he estimates as £40m.
1959 New Ser. 5 416/1
A number of low-power satellite stations are therefore planned... They will be designed to..pick up signals from an existing B.B.C. station and retransmit them on a different channel for local reception.
1959 New Ser. 5 416/1
The B.B.C.'s plan for extending and improving the coverage of the television service and of..sound services on v.h.f. by building low-power satellite stations in various parts of the country.
1962 Rep. Comm. Broadcasting 1960 197 in (Cmnd. 1753) X. 259
It is possible to provide low-powered relay stations..to extend coverage still further... These satellite stations..have been planned as a stage by stage project.
satellite telescope n. a telescope in orbit beyond the range of atmospheric distortion.
1951 J. P. Marbarger 26
If we turn such a satellite telescope to the outer reaches of the universe, the planets and the stars, we shall find observation conditions which no terrestrial observatory could equal.
1960 99 358/1
It turns out that this is a design study into a stabilised platform for a small satellite telescope.
satellite television n. television in which the signal is transmitted via an artificial satellite.
The BBC's first satellite television transmissions were shown in 1962.
1971 L. Koppett xii. 194
Draft additions September 2004
Draft additions September 2004
satellite telephone n. a telephone that transmits its signal via a geostationary communications satellite, thus enabling a call to be made from any location.
1968 20 Dec. 17/3
Intelsat 3, the new commercial communications satellite..will more than double trans-Atlantic satellite telephone and television channels.
1980 29 Sept. 36/2
On many occasions, for example, Carter speaks via satellite telephone directly with Egypt's President Anwar Sadat.
2003 28 May 3/3
The battery on his satellite telephone went dead, leaving him with only a signal beacon as a means of contact with his team.
s - a - t - i - l - eye - t
|s||s||as in see (main stress)|
|æ||a||as in pat, attack|
|t||t||as in tan|
|ɪ||i||as in pit, hill|
|l||l||as in leap, hill|
|aɪ||eye||as in buy|
|t||t||as in tan|
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This entry has not yet been fully updated (first published 1909).
In this entry:
In other dictionaries:
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- satchel, v.1828
- satchelled, adj.1749
- sate, n.1906
- sate, v.a1616
- sated, adj.1699
- sateen, n.1878
- sateless, adj.1701
- satelles, n.1666
- satellitary, adj.1867
- satellite, n.1548
- satellite, v.1959
- satellited, adj.1895
- satellitic, adj.1823
- satellitious, adj.1715
- satellitism, n.1951
- satellitium, n.1669-96
- satellitosis, n.1928
- satellize, v.1916
- satelloid, n.1955
- satem, n.1901
- satiability, n.1528
- satiable, adj.11570
- 'satiable, adj.21900
- satiate, adj.c1440
- satiate, v.?1533
- satiation, n.1638
- satiety, n.1541
- satify, v.c1475
- satin, n. (and adj.)?a1366
- satin, v.1839
- satinade, n.1728
- satiné, n.1866
- satined, adj.1707
- satinetta, n.1820
- satinette | satinet, n.1703
- satinisco, n.1615
- satinist, n.1639
- satinity, n.1830
- satinize, v.1869
- satiny, adj.1786