α. lME artellerye, lME artelry, lME artilrye, lME artylrye, lME 16 artilrie, lME–15 artelery, lME–15 artillarye, lME–15 artyllerye, lME–16 artillarie, lME–17 artillerie, lME– artillery, 15 artillary, 15 artylary, 15 artylerey, 15 artylery, 15 artyllary, 15 artyllery, 15–16 artilerie, 15–16 artillerye, 15–18 artilery, 16– artill'ry (poet.); Sc. pre-17 artaillarie, pre-17 artaillery, pre-17 artallirie, pre-17 artalry, pre-17 artillarie, pre-17 artillary, pre-17 17– artillery, 17 artilery; N.E.D. (1885) also records forms lME artylery, lME–15 artillari.
β. 15 artilliarie; Sc. pre-17 altailȝerie, pre-17 altelyerie, pre-17 artailȝearie, pre-17 artailȝeiry, pre-17 artailȝerie, pre-17 artailȝery, pre-17 artailȝerye, pre-17 artailȝierie, pre-17 artailliarie, pre-17 artaillierie, pre-17 artailliery, pre-17 artailyearie, pre-17 artailyerie, pre-17 artailyery, pre-17 artailyerye, pre-17 artalȝeirie, pre-17 artalȝerie, pre-17 artalȝery, pre-17 artallierie, pre-17 artalliery, pre-17 artalyerie, pre-17 artealliarie, pre-17 arteilȝerie, pre-17 arteilȝerrie, pre-17 arteillȝerie, pre-17 arteilyerie, pre-17 artelȝarie, pre-17 artelȝearie, pre-17 artelȝerie, pre-17 artelliarie, pre-17 artelyearie, pre-17 artilȝeary, pre-17 artilȝerie, pre-17 artilȝery, pre-17 artiliȝirie, pre-17 artilliarie, pre-17 artilyery, pre-17 arttalȝerij, pre-17 arttalȝery.
γ. 15 artelere, 15 artellere, 15 artelyre; Sc. pre-17 artailȝeir, pre-17 artalȝar, pre-17 artilȝere.
δ. pre-17 artailȝe, pre-17 artailȝee, pre-17 artailȝie, pre-17 artaillȝe, pre-17 artaillie, pre-17 artalȝe, pre-17 artallie, pre-17 artelȝie, pre-17 artelie, pre-17 artilȝie, pre-17 artilye. (Show Less)
Frequency (in current use):
Origin: A borrowing from French. Etymon: French artillarie.
< Anglo-Norman artillarie
, Anglo-Norman and Middle French artillerie
, Middle French artellerie
) military equipment, weaponry (13th cent. in Old French), arsenal (1309), hunting gear (a
1412 or earlier in Anglo-Norman), mounted guns, cannons, etc. (late 15th cent.) < artiller
to provide with weapons (early 13th cent.; alteration (after art
) of atillier
to arrange, adjust (12th cent.), to put on armour in preparing for battle (12th cent.) < an unattested post-classical Latin form *apticulare
, derivative of classical Latin aptāre
to fit, adapt (see )) + -erie
. Compare post-classical Latin artillaria
engines for discharging missiles (frequently from 1377 in British sources), and also Catalan artilleria
(1370), Spanish artillería
(first half of the 15th cent.; also as artellería
(15th cent.)), Portuguese artilharia
(15th cent.; also artelharia
(15th cent.)), Italian artigleria
military equipment, weaponry (14th cent.), mounted guns, cannon, etc. (a
are not paralleled in French until later (1751 and 1690 respectively).
In Middle English the forms artler
are also found in the sense ‘arms, weaponry’, apparently showing spec. use of
by association with the present word.
Machinery used for discharging projectiles in war.
a. General attrib. (chiefly in senses , ), as artillery attack, artillery fire, artillery regiment, etc.Some of the more established compounds of this type are entered separately at .
1581 R. Parsons sig. D. vij,
Most terrible earthquakes, wherewith fell doune..the braue artillerie house of Rome, with a hospital wherein were 150. persons.
1592 T. Nashe sig. K4,
Ile present thee with my whole artillerie store of eloquence.
1626 W. Gouge §4
Martiall discipline, Artillery tacticks, and Military trainings are matters of moment.
a1681 U. Oakes
Training Days, Artillery Days, tho' of great use, and [printed ahd] very necessary; yet are all in vain, unless the Lord bless.
1747 B. Franklin Let. 7 Dec. in
It is proposed to breed gunners by forming an artillery club, to go down weekly to the battery and exercise the great guns.
1760 G. Sackville in p. vi,
The Duke of Marlborough ordered me to take the care of the artillery regiment.
1787 G. Greive tr. F. J. de Chastellux I. 119
We repaired to the artillery camp.
1802 C. James at Rider,
In artillery carriages, a piece of wood somewhat higher than broad, the length equal to that of the body of the axle-tree.
1849 N. C. Brooks viii. 129
The artillery battalion, thrown into cavalry-square, were prepared to receive them.
1871 May 44
The artillery-fire seemed heavier than ever; the shells screamed overhead or burst around.
1917 D. Haig Diary 20 Nov. in
The attack was launched at 6.20 am. There was no artillery bombardment previous to this hour.
1954 7 Mar. a24/5
The Army is stockpiling the plane-killing Nike units, and semi-guided field artillery rockets designated as the ‘Honest John’.
1979 W. Manchester 15
The leathernecks sprang forward behind a creeping artillery barrage.
2003 14 Apr. 15
This Kurdish peshmerga fighter was wounded by a relentless Iraqi artillery attack.
The company of Artillery brigade at the Presidency.
1820 J. R. Planché in G. Soane 8
You of the artillery brigade, Whose greatest glory is a cannonade.
1978 42 81/1
The armament of the divisional field artillery brigade had consisted of two light 75–mm. gun regiments.
1999 26 Apr. 30/2
Each division has an additional..‘support slice’ of specialist units—helicopter and artillery brigades, for instance.
1635 W. Barriffe Ep. Ded. sig. ❧7,
Some..have held a prejudicate opinion of this meeting: conceiving that it would prove an hinderance to the Artillery ground.
1781 R. B. Sheridan i. i. 5
If you had the least spirit you would have been..trailing a volunteer pike in the Artillery ground.
1842 C. Masson II. 256
From the court of the Dafta Khâna the Tope Khâna, or artillery ground, is entered.
After the priory was dissolved by Henry VIII in 1536, its outer precinct was used as an artillery ground.
1681 Pref. sig. A,
The place of Pole was the Old Artillery-House in Southwark, which is Ascended out of the Artillery Ground, by six or eight large Stone steps.
1870 Jan. 73/2
Lightning struck the artillery-house near the powder-magazine in Purfleet.
2006 M. D. Childs iv. 145
Free black militiamen..would lead the offensive on the artillery house.
1707 D. Jones 422
The Janisaries, Spahies Artillery Officers, &c...were come out of the Seraglio, and pass'd by.
1816 Scott I. vi. 79
He had stuck into his head the plume, which in more sober days he wielded between his fingers, and figured as an artillery-officer.
1999 J. Elliot
The young artillery officer had been thrown from his horse by the blast of a German shell.
1660 A. Moore 296
Amurath..commanded ten great Artillery pieces to be cast.
1775 tr. ix. 203
The artillery pieces take but ten pounds only of pewter to one hundred of the other [sc. copper].
1852 Feb. 325/2
The artillery pieces were left among the sandhills, that the horses might be used for the relief of the sufferers.
1997 D. Rohde
‘Don't shoot it, don't shoot it,’ Egbers said slowly in English as he pointed at the artillery piece to make himself clear.
1781 S. Ancell Let. 5 Oct. in
The enemy yesterday afternoon, had some artillery practice in their camp.
1871 J. Tyndall i. 17
In artillery practice the heat generated is usually concentrated upon the front of the bolt.
18 May 1
The sound of Russian artillery practice echoed through the barracks.
1856 Feb. 200
These [percussion or concussion] fuzes are only applicable to naval or sea-coast Artillery shells.
1923 T. Boyd 262
Smoke from the artillery shells hung in gray volutes over the ridge.
1994 4 June 28/2
A deadly new attachment to artillery shells called the proximity fuse that dramatically increased the effectiveness of anti-aircraft fire.
1870 14 Dec. 11/1
The former [artillery first captain] has command of an artillery unit.
1923 R. H. Torrey et al.
The site of the old Camp Wyckoff..has been used for some seasons past by regular army and state guard artillery units for practice with service ammunition.
1993 17 June 58/1
He said ‘brilliant antitank sub-munitions’..will permit long-range attack against armored columns and artillery units with little risk to those firing the shots.
Objective (in sense ).
1825 20 Dec. 2/3
At first the balls were discharged at short intervals, in imitation of artillery firing.
1877 25 Oct. 5/5
Incessant artillery firing is being carried on on both sides.
International naval forces..will do exercises of artillery firing at air and maritime targets.
1728 J. Morgan I. iv. 275
The Basha's Artillery-founder, cast for them a huge iron mace.
1887 Sept. 643/2
Alfred Krupp, artillery founder, aged seventy-five years.
1999 D. Rundle 4
Adriano then moved to Naples, serving King Ferrante I as military engineer and artillery founder.
artillery boat n. a boat carrying artillery, a gunboat.
1759 T. M. Molyneux 124
Two Kind of Artillery Boats, the one to contain a great and small Gun, the other, two Guns of a middling Size.
1866 G. Bancroft IX. ix. 154
The Carleton was able to get into action, and was sustained by the artillery-boats.
30 May 58
The newest..missile and artillery boats and minesweepers will remain in service.
artillery company n. an artillery detachment; spec. (as Artillery Company; freq. more fully Honourable Artillery Company ) an artillery unit of the Territorial Army (the oldest regiment in the British Army).
1626 W. Gouge Ep. Ded. sig. A4v,
O noble President, Captaines and Gentlemen of the Artillery Company.
1720 C. Molloy i. ii. 26
I'm a Captain as well as you; I belong to the right honourable the Artillery Company.
(N.Y. State Constit. Convention)
The legislature had exempted those serving in artillery companies from taxation.
1977 1 July 4/1
The Artillery Company of Newport, the nation's oldest militia organization.
2002 10 May 22/7
He began his wartime service in the Honorary Artillery Company.
artillery driver n. now hist. a person who drives the horses which pull field guns.
1788 C. Crauford & R. Crauford tr. J. G. Tielke II. i. 135,
The Russian loss was as follows..1 Artillery driver, and 8 horses.
1832 T. P. Thompson
Increasing the corps of artillery-drivers with men expert in the vocation.
A detachment of artillery drivers and horses, commanded by a Captain of the royal artillery, were employed in the movements.
artillery duel n. a battle or exchange of fire involving heavy artillery.
1861 6 Sept. 1/6
He calls the engagement a remarkable artillery duel.
1936 26 Aug. 12/4
On the Guadarrama front..an artillery duel has raged for 24 hours.
12 Aug. 30
Artillery duels between Indian and Pakistani troops have killed hundreds and forced thousands from their homes.
artillery garden n. now hist. a practice ground for artillery; spec. that located in Spitalfields in London used by the Artillery Company.
1581 P.R.O.: SP 12/147 f. 196,
The said place comonly called the Artillerie garden was of purpose given by the prince of famouse memorie Kinge Henry the eight to thoffice of Thordinance for the trayning vse and practize of Gonners.
1631 W. Gouge v. §9. 419
Vacant houres cannot better be spent then in the Artillery Garden.
1851 N. B. Craig 195
Near the garrison on the Allegheny bank, were formerly what were called the king's artillery gardens.
2006 R. B. Manning i. vi. 144
Another artillery garden was located in St Martin's Fields.
artillery harness n. harness for horses which pull field guns.
1806 B. Lambert IV. v. 112
This extensive store-room is filled with..sponges, rammers, ladles, artillery harness, &c. which are deposited here till called for.
1920 W. E. Bachman xvi. 77
French artillery harness presented many new problems to the Americans.
2005 D. E. Collins iii. 74
Six black horses in artillery harness and plumes, walking two abreast and each led by a soldier in uniform, drew the caisson.
artillery horse n. now chiefly hist. a horse used to pull and manoeuvre cannon and other heavy munitions on the battlefield; cf. .
1701 D. Jones 329
Artillery Horses kill'd 28.
1815 30 Nov. 2/5
The heavy ration shall be given for..artillery horses that draw the guns and caissons.
An Artillery horse should be heavier [than a Cavalry horse], at least 15 hands 1 inch in height, and what one would call a work horse.
2003 S. R. Schrepfer & P. Scranton 155
Artillery horses suffered particularly high casualties. When a field commander ordered up the artillery, six-horse teams galloped the guns from the rear.
artillery park n. a place where artillery is kept, or encamped during a battle; the reserve of artillery available to an army (cf. ).
1708 A. Boyer tr. J. Donneau de Visé i. 3
The Artillery-Park strikes also the Beholders with Wonder, there being an infinite number of great Guns in Piles.
1767 T. Simes Mil. Dict.,
Artillery-Park is a place appointed in the rear of both lines of the army for encamping the artillery.
1832 T. Carlyle
The explosion of powder-mines and artillery-parks naturally attracts every eye and ear.
1941 24 June 10/2
The Finnish campaign..seems to indicate that they [sc. the Russians] have an ample artillery park.
2002 K. M. Pollack i. 68
Sharon also landed a battalion of paratroopers by helicopters in the dunes north of the Egyptian artillery park.
artillery plant n. a tropical American plant popular as a house plant, Pilea microphylla (family Urticaceae), having small succulent leaves and cymes of tiny flowers which throw out clouds of pollen.
1858 13 193
The other pretty little plant has often been mentioned under the name of the Artillery Plant, and called Pilea muscosa.
1956 X. Field iii. 81
P. microphylla, or muscosa, is the dwarf of the family. The pilea is known as the artillery plant because the pollen from the flowers appears to explode as it is discharged.
21 July d1
Artillery plants, ranging from 5 inches to 15 inches tall, have fleshy, succulent stems and leaves that resemble the lacy, arching foliage of ferns.
artillery tractor n. a vehicle used to tow and manoeuvre heavy artillery.
1917 23 June 3/5
Quartermaster trucks, ammunition trucks, artillery tractors,..and half a dozen other types of vehicle.
1996 A. H. Cordesman & A. R. Wagner ix. 713
Iraq's towed artillery could not begin to cope with the Coalition rate of maneuver. Most units were overrun before they could attempt to bring in artillery tractors.
artillery train n. now hist. a series of large-calibre guns mounted on carriages in order to be transported; also fig.
1693 Dryden tr. Juvenal vii. 134
Shew me the well-lung'd Civilian's Gain, Who bears in Triumph an Artillery Train Of Chancery Libels.
1772 S. Swinney ii. 33
Th' Artillery-Train that, late..had torn the Ground.
1814 E. Quillinan i. 9
'Twas even hell's artillery train, Thus plac'd by demons.
1998 I. Gentles in J. Kenyon & J. Ohlmeyer iv. 133
The king lost more officers, but..captured seven guns to bolster his feeble artillery train.
artillery wheel n. a sturdy dished wheel used on gun carriages; a similar wheel formerly used on motor vehicles.
1834 R. M. Bird II. xxvii. 205
The steps of those who bore the ponderous bridge, and the creaking of artillery wheels, were heard ringing and rolling over the square.
1902 15 Oct. 252/2
The Lanchester car was not strong enough to have artillery wheels, and so was fitted with wire suspension wheels.
1991 Nov. 113/1
It has a real wood dashboard and running boards, spoked artillery wheels..and a crank handle you can turn.
artillery yard n. an enclosed area for storing artillery and training artillerymen.
The artillery yarde belonginge to the cittie beinge erected for the trayninge of yonge gentlemen in London.
1612 B. Jonson i. i. 31
Your complexion..Stuck full of blacke, and melancholique wormes, Like poulder cornes, shot, at th' Artillery-yard.
1770 P. Pittman 11
The left side is occupied by the king's store-houses and an artillery-yard.
I. xii. 194
At West Point there is much of buildings, much of military arrangement in the way of cannons, forts, and artillery yards.
27 Dec. 12
Soldiers drilled, and punishments were meted out in a large artillery yard bounded by crenellated walls.
|ɑː||ah||as in barn, palm|
|t||t||as in tan (primary stress)|
|ɪ||i||as in pit, hill|
|l||l||as in leap, hill|
|(ə)||(ə)||as in beaten (schwa)|
|r||r||as in run, terrier|
|i||ee||as in happy|
|ɑr||ar||as in barring|
|t||t||as in tan (primary stress)|
|ɪ||i||as in pit, hill|
|l||l||as in leap, hill|
|(ə)||(ə)||as in beaten (schwa)|
|r||r||as in run, terrier|
|i||ee||as in happy|
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This entry has been updated (OED Third Edition, December 2008).
In this entry:
In other dictionaries:
- My entries(1)
- artificing, n.1866
- artificious, adj.c1475
- artificiously, adv.1536
- artify, v.1662
- artigrapher, n.1753
- artilect, n.1994
- artiller, n.c1453
- artilleried, adj.a1578
- artillerist, n.1579
- artillery, n.c1405
- artillerying, n.1837
- artilleryman, n.?1566
- artilleryship, n.1762
- artillied, adj.1536
- artillour, n.1483
- artily, adv.1922
- arti-natural, adj.1726
- arting, n.1c1400
- arting, n.2a1620
- artinite, n.1903
- artiodactyl, adj. an...1848
- artisan, n.a1538
- artisanal, adj.1939
- artisanate, n.1937
- artisanry, n.1886
- artisanship, n.1827
- artist, n.1563
- artist, adj.1603
- artistdom, n.1861
- artiste, n.1790
- artistess, n.1773
- artistic, adj.1753
- artistical, adj.1646
- artistically, adv.1831
- artist-like, adv. an...1595
- artistly, adv.1664
- artistry, n.?1765
- artize, v.1598
- artless, adj.1586
- artlessly, adv.1625